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初三英语备考查缺补漏资料

发布时间:2014-06-02 01:37:22  

保山六中初三英语备考查缺补漏资料

(基础内容70%-80%和拓展内容30%-20%)

一.考查知识范围表格 二.考查知识内容

三.背诵作文:基础篇,提高篇。

一.考查知识范围表格

二.考查知识内容

1.冠词。口诀:冠词冠词a, an the,后接名词记住了。a/an一个一个不确定,the是定冠词,它的用法要熟记。还有零冠词,也不要忽略。 (过关)基础题:

① I am student. I am honest boy. I don’t have used bike. I want to be artist. I live on thirty- ninth floor, I think it is tallest building. I often go to shool .

② I have __ a notebook. _____ notebook is in my backpack. A. a , the B. an , the C.a, a D. an, an 拓展题:

①━Do you have ___ car.

━Yes, I have ____ used car.

A. a, the B.a , an C. a, a D. the, the 查缺补漏: 错题收集: 1. 2.

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2.数词

口诀:数词数词最好记,数量顺序要分清。基变系,有规律,末尾加上-th;一二三,特殊记,八加h,九去e,ve要f用替代。以y结尾变ie,后跟-th莫忘记;若想表示几十几,只变个位就可以。

(过关)基础题:

?把下列基数词变成系数词:one_____, two_____. three______. four_____.five__ .eight______. nine______.twelve______.twenty_____. twenty-one_________.

?背诵Our classroom is on the in last exam. Today is my birthday.

拓展题:

? ___ students are studying English now.

A. three/five. B three/ fifth

C. Three/fifths

?There are more than one_____( hundred) teachers in our school, and there are nearly two______(thousand) students. I think there are ______ (thousand) books in our school.

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3.副词

口诀:副词修饰“形动”及自身。形前动后。

(过关)基础题:

?Tom is ___ friendly.

A. real B. really

?I run ______ than Tom does.

A. fast B. faster

拓展题:

?I do my homework______ than my sister does.

A. more careful B. more carefully

C. careful D. carefully

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4.介词:

介词是一种用来表示词与词, 词与句之间的关系的词。在句中不能单独作句子成分。介词后面一般有名词代词或相当于名词的其他词类,短语或从句作它的宾语介词可以分为时间介词in, at , on、地点介词in ,on,at、方式介词by,with、原因介词和其他介词。

口诀:介词介词,后接名,代词。

1)简单介词

包括in,on,at,with,by,for,at,about等。

2)合成介词

包括into,inside,outside等

基础题:

?Our Chinese teacher is friendly_ us.

A. to B. with

?I often do my homework _ the morning, but I went shopping ___ Sunday morning.

A. in, at B. in, on

?I live _ Baoshan city. I go to school _ bike.

A. in, on B. at, by C. in, by

拓展题:

?I think I can study English well__ the help of my teacher.

A. in B.of C. with D. without

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5.形容词

口诀:形容词,很独立。长和好朋友名词在一起。

(过关)基础题:

?I am ________(care). I often make some mistakes.

A. careful B. carefully C.careless D.carelessly

? I am ________girl our class.

A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the tallest

拓展题:

?I want to go__________.

A. somewhere relaxing B.relaxing somewhere. ②Lucy’s handwriting is good, but Rose’s handwriting is much ______.

A. good .B. better C. best D. the best

查缺补漏:比较级+and+比较级: 越来越? .

Our school will became better and better.

the+比较级,the+比较级: 越? (就)越?

The shorter your dialogue is, the better it is. 你的对话越短越好。

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6.代词

代替名词或数词的词就是代词。它们指人称和事物,但又不说出他们的名字,所以叫做代词。 (过关)基础题:

①Tom, Please pass ________ the glasses. I want to read the newspapers.

A. you B. me C. him D. her

②---Can I come this evening or tomorrow morning?

---_______ is OK. I’m free today and tomorrow.

A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None

③This is ______ classroom. Where is _______?

A. our; them B. us; they C. our; theirs D. ours; theirs

拓展题:

①---Oh! I came in a hurry and forgot to bring food.

---Never mind. You can have ________.

A. us B. ours C. you D. yours

②. Help ______ (you) to some fruit, Jack.

③. Their English teacher is from America, but ______ (we) is from England.

④. Mary’s answer is different from ________ ( I ).

⑤. Sam is my brother. Do you like to play with ______ (he)?

⑥. Did you enjoy _______ (you), Mary and Kate?

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7.动词

动词多变动,特殊动词需记牢。

后接+to do:want,try,forget,hope,decide,choose,agree

后接+v-ing:mind, keep,go,like,finish,enjoy,hate

后接+to do/v-ing: stop,remember,forget

后接+原形: make

(过关)基础题

━Sam, my iPhone is in my bedroom. Could you _______ it for me?

━No problem A. bring B. fetch C. take D. carry

----Hi, Kate. You look tired. What’s the matter?

----I ______ well last night.

A. didn’t sleep B. don’t sleep C. haven’t slept D. won’t sleep

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拓展题:

---Mum, may I go out to play football? -----____you ____ your homework yet?

A. Have; finished B. Do; finished C. Are; finishing D. Did; finish

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8.连词

连词是一种虚词,用于连接单词、短语、从句或句子,在句子中不单独用作句子成分。

And , but, so, until , or, through,

You and me are good friends.

I like playing computer games and watching TV.

I like apples, but my parents do not like apples.

过关)基础题\

拓展题:

① 背诵句子

He didn’t go and she didn’t go either. 他没去,她也没去。

The weather is warm today; it is neither hot nor cold. 今天天气很温暖,不冷也不热。

Both New York and London have traffic problems. 纽约和伦敦都存在交通问题。

It is important for you as well as for me. 这对你和对我都很重要

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9.名词

口诀:名词最有名,变来变去要分清。单数原形复数变形,还有不可数名词和专有名词需要特殊记。 重点名词:

可数名词wishes,feelings , thoughts

不可数名词:

专有名词:

(过关)基础题

拓展题:

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10.时态

口诀:时态最好记忆。过去,现在和将来,两个进行时态莫忘记。

(过关)基础题

①Listen ! Someone______in the next room .

A.cried B.crying C.is crying D.has cried

②.He often______his clothes on Sundays.

A. washing B. washes C. has washed D. wash

③We will start as soon as our teacher______ .

A. comes B. will come C. come D. is coming

拓展题:

①We’ll go swimming if the weather______fine tomorrow.

A. is B.was C. will be D.is going to be

②.It______five years since he has left for Beijing.

A. was B. has been C.is D.is going to be

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11.从句

1.定语从句:修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。定语从句一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词之后。

2.先行词:被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词。

3.关系词:引导定语从句的词叫关系词。例如:

I like the music that I can dance with.

1.定语从句:that I can dance with.

2.先行词:music

3.关系词:that

(过关)基础题

Mr. Li is an English teacher _____ loved playing soccer.

A. who B. that C. he D. which

拓展题:

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12.被动语态

口诀:“是”+“过去分词”就被动了。

注意四种情况下的被动时态:以”allow”为例

一般现在时的被动语态:is/are allowed

一般现在时的被动语态:was/were allowed

一般将来时的被动语态:will be allowed

含有情态动词的被动语态:can be allowed

(过关)基础题:

① 背诵I am a student. I was allowed to go out at school last week. But now,I am not allowed to go out.

I hope we can be allowed to go out. And I will be allowed to go out on Friday afternoon.

② A lot of flowers ______ in spring every year.

A. plant B.were planted C. are planted D. will be planted

拓展题:①If we use the new method, a large number of trees _____.

A. are saved B. will save C. will be saved D. have saved.

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13.交际用语。

口诀:多说英语,练好交际用语。

(过关)基础题:

① 陈述句:

━I am sorry I have taken your pen by mistake.

━___________.

A. It doesn’t matter. B. Thank you.

②疑问句

______ will Mr. Green go back to London? - In two weeks.

A. How often B. How long C. How soon D. How far

━Which subject do you prefer? Math or English?

━______, I like Chinese.

A. Both B. Either C. Neither D. None

━Tina gets along well with her sister,_______?

━Yes, she does.

A. is not she B.doesn’t she C. can’t she

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D.didn’t she

③祈使句

━Don’t run in the hallway.

━_______.

A. Sorry, I will not . B. It’s ok.

④感叹句

━How beautiful your shoes are!

━_____.

A. Thank you. B. No, it is not.

拓展题:

①━Excause me, may I use your eraser, please?

━Sure.____.

A. Watch out! B. Well done. C. Here it is D. Follow me.

②━Do you know ________.

━Iam sorry, I am new here.

A. how I get to the nearest supermaket?

B. How do I get to the nearest supermaket?

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三.背诵作文:

基础篇:

背?Myself /My best friend一般现在时

Myself

Hello! My name is _____.I am fifteen years old. I am an outgoing student.I like eating apples.I like watching TV. I study hard at school. I have a dream. I want to be a doctor. This is my dream.There is an old saying that where there is a will, there is a way.

My best friend

背?Life in 2030一般将来时

Life in 2030

I think life in 2030 will be interesting.do you think so? I think I will have a plane. I will drive my plane and go somewhere relaxing.I will have a company. There will be less pollution. There will be less money, because people will not use paper money. They will use their cards.

In short, life will be better in the future.By the way, what do you think of life in 2030?

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背?My last Sunday.一般过去时

My last Sunday

On Sunday morning, I got up at seven clock. It was early. Then I took a shower and did my homework. In the afternoon, I had more free time,so I watched TV.I watched sports news. It was interesting. Then, I had dinner at 5:30. After that, I went to school.

In short, I think my last Sunday was great. By the way, what do you think of your last Sunday?

背?How do we keep safe?一般现在时

How do we keep safe?

My name is ___. I am 13 years old. I think safety is important.Do you know how to keep safe?I have some advice.

First, we should not swim in the river alone. It is dangerous.

Second, don’t run in the hallway or don’t fight with your classmates.

Third, don’t smoke. It is bad for our health.

In short,we should know some ways to keep safe.By the way, do you have more ways to keep safe? And what are they?

My name is ___. I am 13 years old. I think safety is important.Do you know how to keep safe?I have some advice.

First, we should make friends carefully,A few friends are dishonest. They may hurt us.

Second, we keep away from the fire, It is dangerous.We are too young to put out the fire.

Third, when we are in danger, we should call the police, they will give us a hand.

In short,we should know some ways to keep safe.By the way, do you have more ways to keep safe? And what are they?

提高篇:

背? How to be a happy student?

I am Grace Green. My family name is Green. I am 14 years old. I am clever.I am a happy student. Do you know how to be a happy student? I have some advice/suggestions.

First,we should study hard. It is our duty to study hard. If we get good grades, we will be happy. Second, we should talk to our teachers or parents , if we meet some problems.

Third, we should get along well with our classmates. We should help each other.

Finally, we should see a doctor if we feel unhappy.

In short,it is important to be a happy student. By the way, do you have any suggestions to be a happy student?

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背?日记

May1lth,2014Sunday Sunny

On Sunday morning, I got up at seven clock. Then I took a shower and did my homework. In the afternoon, I had more free time,so I watched TV.However,my mother was very busy. She had to wash dirty clothes. She had to clean the foor.

Suddenly, I remembered it was Mother's Day. I thought I would do something to cheer her up.

First, I helped my mother with chores. Then I went to a supermarket and bought a scarf for my mother. When she saw the gift, she was very happy. I felt happy, too.

In short, my mother is the best mother in my heart.I learned a lot on Mother's Day.I thought it was an important day.

背③A true story

Life is not easy, so I’d like to say “When anything happens, believe in yourself.” When I was 14 years old, I began to learn English.But it was very difficult.I could not learn English well. I was too nervous to talk to anyone. My classmates often laughed at me. I was sad but I could do nothing. Later,our English teacher gave me a chance to introduce myself.I wrote some sentences. Then I practiced them more than 100 times. Finally, I could introduce me well in English. My classmates said that I could speak English well. From that on, I became confident. I often says to myself"believe in yourself,you will succeed,you are a big potato in the world".

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