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初一感叹句

发布时间:2014-06-02 23:46:48  

1.感叹句的定义

感叹句

用以表示喜怒哀乐等强烈感情的句子叫做感叹句 (exclamatory sentence).感叹句句尾常用感叹 号,亦可用句号,朗读时用降调,在口语中常用 省略句,有时只用一个词或词组。 如:Great ! How cold !

2.感叹句的句式 一般说来,感叹句是由 what 或 how 开头的, 它有两个类型。掌握了它的搭配,即掌握了感叹 句的重点。

用 what 引导的感叹句有三种句式,此时,what 为形容 词,用作定语,修饰它后面的名词或名词词组(即感叹部 分是名词性短语)。 1). What +a / an + 形容词+可数名词单数+主语+ 谓语!

e.g.: What a fine day it is! 多么好的天气啊!
What an old building that is!那是一栋多么破旧的楼 房啊

2). What + 形容词+可数名词复数形式+主语+谓语! e.g.: What good teachers they are! 他们是多么好 的老师啊! What beautiful flowers these are! 这些是多么美丽 的花啊!

3). What + 形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语! e.g.: What thick ice we are having here! 我们这 儿的冰多厚啊! What round bread it is! 这是一块多么圆的面包啊!

用 how 开头的感叹句也有两种句式,此时, how 是副 词,用作状语,修饰后面的形容词或副词。 4). How +形容词+主语+谓语! (即谓语动词是连系 动词) e.g.: How hot it is today! 今天天气多热啊! How beautiful the flowers are! 这些花多么美丽啊!
5). How +副词+主语+谓语! e.g.: How hard he works! 他工作多么努力啊! How well she sings! 她歌唱得多好啊!

练习
一、选择题 1. _________ delicious the dish is! A. What B. How C. What a 2. ________ strange clothes he is wearing! A. What a B. What C. How a 3. ________ an interesting subject it is! A. What B. How C. What an 4. ________ foggy it was yesterday! A. What B. What a C. How 5. ________ careless you are! A. How B. What a C. What 6. ________ a nice watch it is! A. How B. What C. What a D. How a

7. ____ bright girls they are! A. What B. What a C. How D. How a 8. ____ interesting the film is!(1998湖北) A. What B. What an C. How D. How an 9.________ sunny day! Let’s go out for a walk.(1999 江西) A. How a B. How C. What a D. What 10. ________ hard work it is!(1999浙江) A. How B. What C. What a D. What an 11. ________ day it is! It’s rainy again. (1999江西) A. How bad B. What a bad C. How fine D. What a fine

12. _________ great day July 1,1997 will be! (1999上 海) A. How a A. What A. How 15. B. What a B. What a B. How a C. How C. How C. What D. What D. What an D. What a 13. _________ expensive trousers!(1999浙江) 14. The sun is shining. fine day it is!

thick ice! Would you like to go skating?

A. What
16.

B. How
cold it is today!

C. What a C. What a

D. How a D. How a

A. What

B. How

17.

it’s blowing!

A. What strong
C. How strongly

B. How stron

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