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Unit 8 Ampification

发布时间:2014-06-11 08:05:10  

Unit 8 Amplification
1. Amplification of Subject 2. Semantic Amplification 3. Expressive Amplification

1. Amplification of Subject
(1) 工作时间不会客。

We see no visitors during work hours.
(2) 批评必须当面,闲谈莫论人非。
?

When you criticize a person, do it in his face; when you have a chat with someone, don’t
speak ill of others behind them.

(3) 活着就要做一个对人民有用的人。
?

As long as you live, you should be a man useful
to the people.

(4) 弄不好就会前功尽弃。
?

If things are not properly handled, our
labour will be totally lost.

(5) 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。
?

As long as the green mountains are there,
one need not worry about firewood.

(6) 痛得他直哭。
? ?

It hurt him so badly that he kept crying.
The pain kept him crying.

(7) 少说空话,多办实事。
?

There must be less empty talk and more hard work.
If you can pardon me, I’ll turn over a new leaf.

(8) 如蒙宽大,一定洗心革面。

(9) 十年树木,百年树人。
?

It takes ten years to grow trees but a hundred years to rear people.

A. 套用英语祈使句或倒装句
(10) 大处着眼,小处着手。 ? Take the whole into consideration, but do the job bit by bit. ? Keep the general goal in sight and take the daily task in hand. (11) 河边屹立着一片橡树林子。 By the river stands a forest of oaks. (12) 出席的人当中,有总统和总统夫人。 ? Among those present were the President and his wife.

(13) 顶楼的角落里堆放着各式各样的盒子和罐头盒。 ? In the corner of the attic lay a lot of boxes and cans of all sizes and colours. B. 将汉语无主语句的主动结构译成英语的被动结构 (14) 必须保证产品的质量。 The quality of the products must be guaranteed. (15) 看树看果实,看人看作为。 ? A tree is known by its fruit, and a man is known by his actions. (16) 认识落后,才能改变落后。 ? Backwardness must be perceived before it can be changed.

2. Semantic Amplification
(1) 发展才是硬道理。 A. * Development is most important. B. Economic growth is most important. (2) 老老少少会定期聚在一起操练。 ? English learners, old and young, gathered at regular time to practise their spoken English. (3) 代表们的水平保证了代表大会的开好。 ? The political consciousness of the representatives will guarantee the success of the congress.

(4) 谁都知道朝鲜战场是艰苦的。 ? * It is well-known that the Korean battlefield was rather hard. ? It is well-known that life on the Korean battlefield was rather hard. (5) 看粮食,要看中国的农业;看农业,首先要看市 场。《今日中国》 ? * To understand food, we must look at China’s agriculture, and to know the agriculture we must first look at the market. ? To have a better understanding of the food situation in China we must take a full view of her agriculture, and

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