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中考英语语法考点系列导练-代词

发布时间:2014-06-11 10:04:59  

中考英语语法考点系列导练(二)代词

【考点扫描】

代词是用来代替名词的词。它是英语语法结构中的一个重要项目,也是中考测试的重点内容之一。纵观历年中考试题,出现频率最高的是不定代词,其次是it用法、疑问代词、反身代词以及人称代词等。其常见考点如下:

1、人称代词的主、宾格及其语法功能。

2、形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词的用法和区分。

3、反身代词的用法及其语法功能。

4、指示代词this,that,these,those等词在句中可以作主语、宾语、定语的用法。

5、不定代词的用法。

6、疑问、连接、关系代词的用法。

7、it, one(s), that, those等作替代词的用法。

【策略点拨】

考查代词的常见题型有单项选择、词形转换、用单词的适当形式填空、句型转换和英汉互译等。做这类题时,必须首先认真理解全句的意思,先根据语境搞清词义,即确定用哪个词,再根据语法规则确定词形。

【真题再现】

1. -How long will you stay here?

-I think I will be here for more days.

A. few B. a few C. little D. a little

剖析:few/a few修饰可数名词复数,little/a little修饰不可数名词。few, little表示否定a few, a little表示肯定。答案:B

2. Who teaches ______(they) physics?

剖析:人称代词除it和you宾格与主格同形外,其余词形不同。本题考查人称代词宾格作宾语的用法。根据题中的teach可知,答案应填them。

3. -Is this your son’s sweater?

-No. _______ is on the chair behind the desk.

A. He B. Him C. She D. His

剖析:形容词性物主代词只能作名词的前置定语,不能单独使用,而名词性物主代词后不能再加名词,可以单独使用,在句中作主语、宾语或表语等。答案:D often helps us learn English.

A. I B. You C. She D. We

剖析:Kate是女性,代替它的词作主语时应用人称代词she。答案:C

5. We should learn how to look after o.

剖析:反身代词在句中可以作宾语、表语和同位语。其复数形式oneselves。答案:ourselves

of them knows French, so I have to ask a third person for help.

A. Neither B. Either C. Both D. None

剖析: none表示―三者或三者以上都不‖,其反义词all表示―三者或三者以上都‖;both表示―两者都‖,其反义词 neither表示―两者都不‖;either表示―(两者之中)任何一个‖,它们都可以与of连用。not与both, all, everyone, everything及副词always连用,表示部分否定,译为―并非……都是……‖。答案:A

7. I can’t find the pen I was given. Have you seen __________?

A. it B. one C. this D. that

剖析:it指前文出现过的单数物或人;one常用来代替上文出现的属于同一类事物的单数名词;that多指电话中的对方或用在比较等级前替代前边的事物;this指上文中已提到的两点中的后一点,其前一点用that表示。答案:A

【现场练兵】

I. 单项选择

1. Miss Brown will teach _____ English next term

A. us B. we C. our D. ours

2. You’d better use _____ computer. _____ is broken.

A. his; My B. his; Mine C. he; My D. him; Mine

3.—How did you learn swimming when you were young?

— _____. It was not quite hard.

A. By sea B. By river C. By myself D. By the way

4. He began to teach _____ English last year.

A. he B. his C. himself D. he’s

5. _____ of us has read the story, so we know nothing about it.

A. Some B. Both C. None D. All

6. —When shall we meet again next time?

—_____ day is OK.

A. Either B. Neither C. None D. Any

7. —Which of the two English dictionaries will you buy?

—I’ll buy _____ of them, so I can give one to my friend Helen.

A. either B. neither C. all D. both

8. – The exam was very easy, wasn’t it?

-- Yes, but I don’t think _____ could pass it.

A. somebody B. anybody C. nobody D. everybody

9. Mary is so careful that she makes _____ mistakes in her work.

A. few B. many C. little D. a little

10. – Have you finished your report yet?

-- No. I’ll finish it in _____ ten minutes.

A. another B. more C. other D. else

11.—Can I get you a drink?

—That’s very nice of you. I’ve already got _____.

A. it B. one C. that D. this

12. The old woman kept one black dog and two white _____.

A. one B. ones C. those D. one’s

13. _____ is wrong to play tricks on others.

A. This B. That C. It D. These

14. Though it rained heavily, ____ were still playing on the playground.

A. they B. them C. their D. themselves

15. ____ has happened and ____ did it?

A. Who, who B. What, who C. What, what D. Who, what

16. Please find out ____ he is looking after at home.

A. who B. which C. whom D. when

17. Let Tony do it by____. He is no longer a kid

A. him B. his C. himself D. he

18. People usually put small presents in ____ stocking on Christmas Eve.

A. each other B. each others C. each other's D. each others'

19. He has one blue pen and two red____.

A. one's B. those C. one D. ones

20. The bottle is empty. There is___ in it.

A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything

21. I'm not busy. I haven't ____ to do.

A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

22. ___ of the four roads will take you to the hospital.

A. Neither B. Either C. Both D. Any

23. ___ twenty boys were playing football at that time yesterday.

A. Each B. Some C. No one D. Neither

24. —Did they find ___ in the park?

—No, they found____ there.

A. anybody, nobody B. somebody, everybody

C. anybody, somebody D. everybody, anybody

25. The film isn't interesting. ___ people like it.

A. Few B. A little C. A few D. Little

II. 词形转换

(A)根据句意和首字母,完成下列句子。 of them.

2.-I’d like sto drink.

-A else? What about s to eat?

-Er, n else, thanks. can do it.

one to some fish, Lingling and Fangfang!

(B) 用所给单词的适当形式填空。 (they). 8. -you)?

-It’s over there, on the desk. (who) book this is? (other) are singing.

III.根据句子情景及所给汉语注释,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。 is music. (我们的)mind to catch up with others.

3. Thanks to the Internet, the world ______(本身)is becoming a much smaller place. (我,你和他)will go there by bike. .

IV.句型转换

1. Jim doesn’t like playing the piano, and Jack doesn’t, either.(变为同义句) Jack likes playing the piano.

2. There is some milk in the glass. (改为否定句)

milk in the glass. (就画线部分提问) 4. Both of the twins like the mooncakes with eggs in it. (改为否定句) 5. There are few apples on the apple trees. (改为反意疑问句)

There are few apples on the apple trees,?

6. She didn’t tell me anything. (改为同义句) 7. There is something unusual on the island. (完成反意疑问句)

There is something unusual on the island,?

8. I’m reading a book. The book is about Bill Gates. (合并为一句)

I’m reading a bookabout Bill Gates.

9. All of the students have gone scuba diving. (改为完全否定句)

gone scuba diving.

10. There is hardly any time left. (改为反意疑问句)

There is hardly any time left,

参考答案

I. 1-5 ABCCC 6-10 DDDAA 11-15 BBCBB 16-20 CCDDD 21-25 BABAA

Ⅱ1.either 2.something, Anything, something, nothing 3.Nobody 4.another 5.yourseves

6.themselves 7.her 8.yours 9.whose 10.others

Ⅲ 1.mine 2.our 3. itself 4.You,he and I 5.theirs

Ⅳ.1.Neither…nor 2.isn’t , any 3. Which girl is 4.Neither, likes 5.are,there 6.told,nothing 7.isn’t, there 8.which/that,is 9.None,of,have/has 10.is,there

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