SIMPLE PAST TENSE Ⅱ
At the end of the class, you’ll be able to: have a better understanding of verbs in simple past form. ? make negative sentences in simple past tense. ? make ―YES/NO‖questions in simple past tense. ? make special questions in simple past tense.
Definition How to change the sentence from simple present tense to simple past tense Rules to form verbs in simple past tense
Most verbs + ed play-played, work-worked, learn-learned
Verbs ending in –e
bake-baked, dance-danced, hope-hoped
study-studied, try-tried, carry-carried mop-mopped, drop-dropped
Verbs ending in a consonant +y
Short verbs ending in Double the a vowel+ a consonant consonant +ed irregular verbs P106-107
R1: CHANGE THE SENTENCE FROM SIMPLE
PRESENT TENSE TO SIMPLE PAST TENSE
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Iwas am a student. She liked likes playing the piano. Tom does did the homework in the evening. They are my classmates. Marywere buys this coat. bought
R2: WRITE DOWN VERBS IN SIMPLE PAST
be —_____ Was/were did do —_____ go —_____ went came come—_____ played play —_____ studied study—_____ wanted want—_____ hope—_____ hoped
gave give—_____ got get—_____ had have—_____ spent spend —_____ slept sleep —_____ bought buy —_____ thought think —_____ wrote write —_____ read read —_____
NEGATIVE SENTENCES IN SIMPLE PAST TENSE
Be 动词：后加 not was not → wasn’t ; were not → weren’t Eg. ①I was at home yesterday. → I was not/ wasn’t at home yesterday. ②They were happy last weekend. → They were not/ weren’t happy last weekend. 实意动词：1）动词前加did not； 2）动词变成原形。 did not → didn’t Eg. ①He heard a sound. → He did not/ didn’t hear a sound.
EXERCISES 1 : NEGATIVE SENTENCES
I was a student. I wasn’t a student. She liked playing the piano. She didn’t like playing the piano. Tom did the homework in the evening. Tom didn’t do homework in the evening. They were my classmates. They weren’t my classmates. Mary bought this coat Mary didn’t buy this coat.
―YES/NO‖QUESTIONS IN SIMPLE PAST
Be 动词：1）was/were 提前 2）如果主语是人称代词I/we, 则将其改成you,并把was 改成were.
Eg. ①I was at home yesterday. → Were you at home yesterday? ②They were happy last weekend. → Were they happy last weekend? 实意动词：1）最前面加did; 2)动词改成原形； 3）若主语是I/we， 改成you. Eg. ①He heard a sound. → Did he hear a sound? ②We went to the park last week. → Did you go to the park last week?
EXERCISES 2: ―YES/NO‖QUESTIONS
1. I was a student. Were you a student? 2. She liked playing the piano. Did she like playing the piano? 3. Tom did the homework in the evening. Did Tom do the homework in the evening? 4. They were my classmates. Were they your classmates? 5. Mary bought this coat. Did Mary buy this coat?
HOW TO ANSWER ―YES/NO‖