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知识点七年级英语(仁爱版)下册Unit_7_Topic_3语言点归纳

发布时间:2014-06-12 11:27:34  

Unit 7 Topic 3

I 重点词汇和短语

did, recite, poem, magic, enjoy, himself, yesterday, fall, wash, happen, stand, video, lie, truth, angry, each, everyone, silent, blow, breath, sunny, delicious, funny

enjoy oneself, at once(=right now), come back, video game, tell a lie, blow out, fall down, hurt oneself, lie to sb. ,tell the truth, make?by hand, make a silent wish, in one breath II 语言点

Section A

1. perform ballet , dance to disco , recite a Chinese poem, at the party, magic tricks

2. You speak Chinese very well.

well 副词, 在这修饰动词speak. He does well in his English.

作形容词时作身体好: — How are you? — Very well.

3. Did Kangkang enjoy himself ?

enjoy 喜欢 enjoin +sth.喜欢某物 He enjoyed English.

enjoy +doing sth. 喜欢做某事 I enjoying playing basketball.

enjoy + oneself =have a good/nice/wonderful time过得高兴,玩得开心

We enjoyed ourselves yesterday.=We had a good time yesterday.

Section B

1.What’s the matter?=What’s wrong? = What’s up? 怎么了?(什么事?)

2. I missed the chair and fell down. 我没坐到椅子,摔倒了。

miss 在这里有“错过”的意思 fall down摔倒

3. Did you hurt yourself? 你伤到你自己了吗?

hurt adj. (身体上)受伤的 v. 伤害;受伤;感到疼痛

hurt oneself伤了某人自己

4. Go and wash them at once.

and在这里表并列关系,前后两个动词形式要一致

at once = right now立刻,马上

5.What happened to Michael at the party? Michael 在聚会上怎么了?

happen to sb.(事件)发生在某人身上

a) I want to know what happened to Jane.我想做的Jane发生了什么事

What happened to sb./sth.某人/事怎么了?

相当于What’s the matter with sb./sth.或What’s wrong with sb./sth.

Section C

1.His parents bought lots of food and drinks for us. 他父母给我们买了许多食物和饮料。 food在此用作不可数名词,表示食物的总称。当drink表示不同种类的饮料时可以加s。 buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb.为某人买某物

2. Each of us gave Kangkang a birthday card, too. 我们每个人又送给康康一张生日卡片。 each of us意为“我们每个人”。

⑴each of/ each one of / every one of 后接复数名词或代词,作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数。 如:Every one of them is going to plant trees. 他们每个人都打算去植树。

⑵ each,every“每一个”

each表示一定数目中的每一个,强调个人或个别。指两者或两者以上中的每一个。 a) ?ach student is here.每个学生都到了?

every表示数目不确定的许多人或物中的每一个,强调整体。指三者或以上中的每一个 b) Every student is here.所有的学生都到了

3. We made the cards by hand. 我们亲手制作了卡片。

1

by hand (靠)手工 make?by hand 手工做??

4. We all sat around the cake. 我们都围坐在蛋糕旁。

sit around 围着……坐

5. Kangkang made a silent wish, and then he blew the candles out in one breath.

康康默默地许了一个愿,然后一口气吹灭了蜡烛。

make a wish 许愿 in one breath 一口气(做完)

blow the candle out= blow out the candles吹灭蜡烛

III 语法

1、行为动词的一般过去时

⑴. 一般过去时结构

1). 肯定句: 主语+谓语动词的过去式+其它, 谓语动词不随人称的变化而变化。

She saw a film last week.

2). 否定句:主语+didn’t +动词原形+其它。

He didn’t have breakfast this morning.

3). 一般疑问句: Did + 主语 + 动词原形+其它 ?

简单回答: Yes, 主语+did. / No, 主语+ didn’t.

Did you go to the zoo last Sunday?

Yes, I did./ No, I didn’t.

4). 特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + 一般疑问句?

What did you do yesterday?

⑵. 用法

1). 表示过去的动作或存在的状态

Kangkang had a birthday party last Friday.

2). 表示过去连续发生的动作

He went home and sat down.

⑶一般过去时常见的时间状语(标志词)

last+week/month/year/--- , 时间段+ago, at the age of+数字,when---was---years old, yesterday, just now, a moment ago等

2、动词过去式的规律:

① 一般情况v+ed . 如:play —played, perform — performed

② 以不发音的e结尾的+d . 如:dance — danced, recite —recited

③ 以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i+ed. 如:carry —carried, study — studied, worry —worried ④ 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词, 先双写辅音字母, 再加ed . 如:

plan — planned , stop — stopped

⑤ 不规则动词的过去式参见课本P147.

⑥ (读音) 清辅音后读/t/ , 元音、浊辅音后读/d/, /t/ /d/ 后面读/id/

IV 重点句型及交际用语

1. ---Did you sing a song at the party? ----Yes, I did.

2. ---What did Sally do? ---She danced.

3. He performed some magic tricks.

4. It’s your turn.

5. ---What’s the matter? ---I missed the chair and fell down.

6. ---Poor Michael! Did you hurt yourself? --- No, I’m OK.

7. ---Where is the washroom, Kangkang? ---This way, please.

Ⅰ.根据汉语意思,完成下列各句

I. each; every

2

1. 我有两个好朋友,我给他们每人一枝钢笔。 I have two good friends. I gave a pen to______.

2. 在路的两旁有许多的树。

There are many trees on ______ side of the road.

3. 这些孩子每人都有一本字典。 ______ one of the children has a dictionary.

II. by; with; in

1. 我不懂英语,请用汉语说。

I don’t know English. Please say it ______ Chinese.

2. 他们乘渡船过了河。

They crossed the river ______ boat.

3. 我们用耳朵听。 We listen ______ our ears.

4. 我亲手制作了蛋糕。 I made a cake ______ hand.

Ⅲ. 有错就改: 下列各题中均有一处错误,请找出并改正。 ( ) 1. Where did you and your father yesterday afternoon? ________

A B C D ( ) 2. It is five past twenty-six in the afternoon. ________

A B C D ( ) 3. I don’t have the supper at home every night. ________ A B C D ( ) 4. She is twelve years old last year. ________ A B C D ( ) 5. We made the model planes by hands. ________

A B C D ( ) 6. Everyone are watching TV in that room. ________ A B C D

Ⅳ.选择正确的句子完成对话。 A: Kangkang, yesterday was your birthday. ______1______

B: It was great!

A: ______2______ B: No, I didn’t. But Jane did. A: What did Helen do? B: Her Chinese is very good. ______3______

A: What about Tom? B: He performed magic tricks. ______4______ A: Did you enjoy yourself at the party? B: ______5______ I was very happy at the party.

A. He likes magic tricks very much. B. She recited a Chinese poem at the party. C. Certainly.

D. How was your birthday party?

E. Did you play the guitar?

Ⅴ. 按要求转换句型。

3

1. I played video games yesterday. (改为否定句) I ______ ______ video games yesterday. 2. We went to the party. (改为一般疑问句)

______ you ______ to the party? 3. She danced the disco at the party. (对划线部分提问) ______ ______ she ______ at the party?

4. Kangkang enjoyed himself in the park. (改为一般疑问句)

______ Kangkang ______ himself in the park? 5. She came back at 6:40 p.m. (对划线部分提问)

______ ______ she ______ back?

Ⅵ. 根据汉语提示,完成下列句子。 1. 他昨天在晚会上表演了魔术。

He ______ some magic tricks at the party yesterday.

2. ——你背诵了一首中国诗吗?——是的。

—______ you ______ a Chinese poem?

—Yes, I ______.

3. 他没有跌倒。

He ______ ______ down.

4. 我们在洛杉矶玩得很高兴。 We ______ ______ ______ ______ in Los Angeles.

5. ——昨天下午你们做什么了?

——我们去游泳了。

—______ ______ you ______ yesterday afternoon?

—We ______ ______.

Ⅶ.根据句意,用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

1.—Who (blow) out the candles last night? —Ann did.

2.I never heard such a (fun) story.

3.Jim fell down yesterday, but he didn’t hurt (him).

(recite) many Chinese poems.

5.We all (have) a good time at Jane’s birthday party yesterday.

.单项选择。

( )1.—Why didn’t Tom come to school? —He _____ and hurt his leg.

A.fell down B.fell off C.falls down D.fells off

( )2.Don’t play with fire. Please blow the candle _____.

A.in B.off C.out D.on

( )3. —What time _____ Lily go to the park yesterday? —At about eight o’clock.

A.does B.do C.did D.was

( )4. — _____ , Bob? —I missed the chair and fell down.

A.How are you B.Is there anything wrong with you

C.What’s matter with you D.What’s the matter with you

( )5.—Tom, do you enjoy _____ pop music(流行音乐)?

—Yes, I do.

A.listen to B.listening to C.listening D.listens to

( )6. —The cake is so big. How did your mother make it? —She made it _____ .

A.with hand B.in hand C.by hands D.by hand

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