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外研社英语八下讲解

发布时间:2014-06-14 09:55:53  

Unit 9

Helpline

市长说被拖欠工资的工人可以打电话给相关机构或者刚刚设立的帮助热线寻求法律援助。

Separate

Adj. 分开的,单独的

他们正在制定计划组件自己单独的政党。

在这家五星级酒店里,男客和女客有分开的健身房。

有三人在周三早上的不同的炸弹袭击中丧生。Bomb attack

V. 使脱离 separate from

高的生活标准把老一代人同他们的儿辈区别开来。

我们很有可能会看到一场运动将该国一分为二。

他们要把教学与研究分离开来。

Explain

Explain to sb./why/how/what

然而,并非每个法官都能用浅易的话来解释法律

在你的律师向你解释该合同之前什么也别签.

以为来自清华大学的教授解释到老龄化的社会可能会加剧对家政服务的需求。现在,大城市月嫂的工资已经超过了很多大学毕业生以及办公室白领。

Mention

她没有提到她母亲的缺席。

not to mention更不必说;不必提及

很多老人都不同意推迟退休年龄,更不用说年轻人。

早2008年的经济危机中很多发达国家的失业率高达10%,更不用说经济落后的国家了。

make mention of v. 提到,提及

这份报告中提到愈来愈多的国外留学生毕业后回国找工作。

Treat

对待 处理

一位有经验的中学教师在接受采访时说道,如果你像妈妈对待孩子一样对待你的学生,他们就会愿意听你的话。

治疗

周五早上贵阳发生了泥石流,造成10人死亡,23人受伤,伤者已被送往附近的医院进行治疗。

款待

她总是请我吃冰激凌

Refuse

他希望我继续留在这里,我很难拒绝

很多工人拒绝加班并要求改善工作条件。

这个男孩在聚会上对这个女孩一见钟情,当他邀请她晚上共进晚餐时,却遭到了拒绝。

Introduce

引进,介绍

政府已经采取了其他一些省钱的举措。

他让我们认识到食用天然食物的乐趣。 Delight

外国的咖啡品牌最先是在二十世纪八十年代被引进到中国的。

现在我很荣幸来介绍一下出席本次典礼的嘉宾。

Encourage

为了改善环境,降低汽车尾气排放,环节交通压力,政府鼓励公众乘坐公共交通出行。

中国政府利用减税等措施鼓励外国公司到相对贫困的中西部地区投资,从而改善当地人民的生活,增加收入。

老师鼓励那些目前成绩落后的孩子们不要放弃希望,应该今后更加努力学习。

Join join in

他五年前参的军。

Mike希望成为在以后做一名歌手,但是他的父亲却认为他应该去军校为了以后得到一份有保障的工作机会以及稳定的生活。

我们号召每一个人加入到在我们日常生活中践行节能低碳的行列中去,为了更清洁的空气付出我们的努力

在中国加入WTO以后,越来越多的外国人来中国旅游,他们对中国在过去的三十年经历的巨大变化感到吃惊。

Regret

regret doing对做过的事表示遗憾、后悔

to express regret表示遗憾

Much to my regret, I am unable to accept your kind invitation.

当他听到那个犯罪嫌疑人对自己的罪行没有丝毫后悔时,非常生气。

这些小偷说他们对自己的行为很后悔,愿意把偷来的东西归还给工厂,希望获得原来。

Treasure

那些埋藏的珍宝就在这儿,她知道就在这儿

那栋房子很大,里面满是艺术珍品

我们应该真爱和平,铭记历史。

几乎每一个中国人都知道熊猫是中国的国宝,却不知道该如何保护他们。

春节期间的娱乐活动多种多样,丰富多彩。耍龙灯和舞狮子是春节期间的传统项目。还有一 种至今仍受人欢迎的传统表演活动,叫踩高跷。// 现在,随着生活水平的不断提高,人们采用了新的方式庆祝新年。但不管庆祝方式怎么变, 春节的精华不会变,那就是为了祈求新年吉祥如意。// 家家户户都会打扫的干干净净,门上都会贴上对联,人人都会穿上新衣裳,拿出最精美的食 物,团聚在一起,互道吉利,表示祝贺。// 最重要的是,春节是一个合家欢聚的日子,出门在外的人总要想方设法在除夕夜到来之前赶 回家,吃上一年中最重要的一段饭——“团圆饭”。

尽管健康越来越重要,然而多数人都是等到生病时才意识到健康的宝贵。适量的运动无 疑有益于健康,但体育迷面临的问题是缺少理想的运动场所。与森林不同,繁忙街道两侧的 公园容易受到空气污染,在此锻炼非但不能提高身体抵抗力,还很可能诱发各种慢性病。enhance immunity chronic diseases

目前,人类的生存环境正在遭到破坏,美丽的大自然已经不那么美丽了。保护野生动物,也就是保护人娄自己。我强烈呼吁:不要再捕杀野生动物了,让我们人类多一些地球上的朋友,多给我们下一代保留一些野生动物吧! 否则,地球将毁灭在人类手

中,人类将毁灭在自己手中。

From the age of eight, I had dreamed of becoming a member of the Students Union. I had always admired my school 35 for taking responsibility for all of us. I dreamed of being a leader too.

Years flew by, and soon I was able to take part in the elections (选举), hoping I would win. But the first time I stood, almost 36 voted for me. I decided that I had been stupid to think I had a chance. I wasn’t pretty. Girls across the school hardly knew me. I just did not have what it took to win a school election. I was 37 . As I cried in my room that evening, I suddenly took a deep breath and decided I wouldn’t stop dreaming. I decided that I would 38 for election again in my final year at school – and I would win.

I recognized that my competitors had a lot of things in their favor. What were the points that would 39 in my favor? I had good grades, and I was friendly and helpful. And my biggest strength was the faith I had in myself. I would not allow my 40 appearance to hold me back from putting my best foot forward. That evening, I began making my 41 a whole year in advance.

I realized that girls would have to get to know me and 42 that I had the ability to represent them. I loved making friends and I liked being helpful, so I decided that perhaps I could use these qualities to my advantage. In order to learn how to 43 a great election speech, I also attended a course on effective public speaking.

The day after the election, the principal announced I had won the second highest number of votes. The students 44 . The joy on the faces of all my friends showed me that my victory was also theirs. 45 , I realized that I had achieved much more than I had dreamed of. I had made many new friends and had helped people along the way. I had won the election and love of my schoolmates and they knew me as somebody who would stand by them. I was able to put a smile on their faces and 46 their day.

35. A. member B. teacher C. leader D. headmaster

36.A. someone B. anyone C. everyone D. no one

37. A. sad B. surprised C. angry D. crazy

38. A. pay B. stand C. speak D. wait

39. A. work B. use C. make D. take

40. A. young B. personal C. special D. plain

41. A. plans B. designs C. projects D. decisions

42. A. recognized B. understood C. found D. thought

43. A. prepare B. give C. have D. attend

44. A. praised B. cheered C. cried D. gathered

45. A. Gradually B. Immediately C. Suddenly D. Impatiently

46. A. call up B. build up C. clear up D. brighten up

假定你是李华,正在英国牛津参加短期语言培训,计划星期天去伦敦旅游。互联网上一则广告引起了你的注意,但一些具体信息不明确(学生是否有优惠价,费用是否包含所有景区的门票、午餐,旅游的日子以及什么时候回来)。请给该旅行社发一封电子邮件,询问有关情况。

注意:1. 词数100左右,信的格式已为你写好。2. 可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

3. 参考词汇:牛津—Oxford 费用—fee

Dear Sir/Madame,

一家宾馆新开业,为吸引外国宾客,希望在互联网上进行宣传。请你用英语为其 写一篇文字介绍。主要内容包括:

1.地点:距白山入口处500米;2.房间及价格:单人间(共20间),100元/天;双人间(共15间),150元/天;热水淋浴;3.餐饮:餐厅(中、西餐),咖啡厅(茶、咖啡);4.游泳池:全天免费开放; 5.欢迎预定。

注意:1.词数100左右,开头语已为你写好;2.可适当增加细节,以使地文连贯。 Welcome to Baishan Mountain Hotel

Baishan Mountain Hotel is now open for business.

假设你叫张林。你的英国朋友Andrew下月要来你校学习两个月。他来信请你对他上学期间的交通方式提出建议。

现在,请你用英语回一封信,按以下各点答复。 1.建议骑自行车上学;

2. 自行车是学生常用交通工具; 3. 骑自行车的一些好处; 4.骑自行车需注意的问题。 注意:

1. 词数100左右,信的开头和结束语已为你写好(不计入总词数) 2. 可根据内容要点适当增加细节,使行文连贯。 Dear Andrew,

Very happy to hear from you and you’re welcome to study in our school for the next two months. ___________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Hopefully, what I’ve mentioned above could be helpful and wish you a fun time in our school.

春节期间的娱乐活动多种多样,丰富多彩。耍龙灯和舞狮子是春节期间的传统项目。还有一 种至今仍受人欢迎的传统表演活动,叫踩高跷。// 现在,随着生活水平的不断提高,人们采用了新的方式庆祝新年。但不管庆祝方式怎么变, 春节的精华不会变,那就是为了祈求新年吉祥如意。// 家家户户都会打扫的干干净净,门上都会贴上对联,人人都会穿上新衣裳,拿出最精美的食 物,团聚在一起,互道吉利,表示祝贺。// 最重要的是,春节是一个合家欢聚的日子,出门在外的人总要想方设法在除夕夜到来之前赶 回家,吃上一年中最重要的一段饭——“团圆饭”。

The recreational activities during the Spring Festival are varied and colorful. The Dagon Dance and Lion Dance are traditionally performed during the festival. Walking on stilts is another traditional performance event popular in china. // Nowadays, with the improvement of living standards, people have taken up new ways to celebrate the New Year. No matter what change there might be, the highlights of the Spring Festival will remain the same: hoping for a propitious and happy new year.// Each family will clean up the house and put up an antithetical couplet on each side of the door. Dressed up in their best, people will get together, treat each other to the most delicious foods and exchange auspicious greetings.// Most important of all, the Spring Festival is the occasion for a family reunion. People away from

home for various reasons will always try their best to come back before the New Year’s Eve for the family reunion dinner, the most important meal of the year。

尽管健康越来越重要,然而多数人都是等到生病时才意识到健康的宝贵。适量的运动无 疑有益于健康,但体育迷面临的问题是缺少理想的运动场所。与森林不同,繁忙街道两侧的 公园容易受到空气污染,在此锻炼非但不能提高身体抵抗力,还很可能诱发各种慢性病。

Despite the increasing importance of health, most people fail to recognize the value of health until they fall ill. There is no doubt that moderate exercise can benefit health. However, sports fans are faced with the lack of ideal places for exercise. Unlike forests, parks on either side of a busy street are prone to atmospheric pollution, where exercise cannot enhance immunity, but may induce various chronic diseases rather than enhance immunity.

目前,人类的生存环境正在遭到破坏,美丽的大自然已经不那么美丽了。保护野生动物,也就是保护人娄自己。我强烈呼吁:不要再捕杀黑猩猩,不要再捕杀野生动物了,让我们人类多一些地球上的朋友,多给我们下一代保留一些野生动物吧! 否则,地球将毁灭在人类手

中,人类将毁灭在自己手中。

At present, man’s living environment is being ruined, and beautiful nature is no longer so beautiful. Protection of wild life is protection of man himself. So I appeal strongly to all to stop killing the chimpanzee or any other wild animal. Let us human beings have more friends on the earth, and leave more wild life for future generations. Or the earth would be destroyed by man, and man by man himself.

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