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新目标八年级下册英语第一单元语法课

发布时间:2014-06-14 14:53:30  

Unit 1 What's the matter?
Grammar focus

一、询问某人患了何种疾病或遇到了何种麻烦 1) What's the matter?

=

What's the matter (with sb.)?

2) What's wrong? = What's wrong (with sb.)? 3) What's the trouble (with sb.) ? 4) What happened (to sb.)? 5) Is there anything wrong with sb.?

6) Are you OK?

二、表达疼痛或不适
① sb.+have/has+病症 ② sb.+have/has+a+headache/toothache/stomachache……

③ sb.+have/has+a+sore+发病部位
④ sb.+hurt(s)+身体部位/反身代词 ⑤ 某部位+hurt(s)

⑥ sb.+have/has+a +pain+in one's 身体部位
⑦ There is something wrong with……

其他表达: He got hit on the head. 他头部受到了撞击。 She cut the finger. 她割破了手指了。(cut是过去式) She has a heart trouble. 她有心脏病。

三、should
? should 为情态动词,意为“应该、应当” ? 否定式为shouldn't,其后加动词原形do,无人称和数的变化 ? 常用来表示征求意见、建议、劝告、要求或义务等。

肯定句:He should lie down and rest. He should see a dentist and get an X-ray. She should take her temperature. 否定句:You shouldn't eat so much next time. 特殊疑问句:What should she do? 一般疑问句:Should I put some medicine on it?
Yes, you should. No, you shouldn't.

他应该躺下。 He should lie down. (否定句) He shouldn't lie down. (特殊疑问句) What should he do? (一般疑问句) Should he lie down? 我们应该告诉他。We should tell him. We shouldn't tell him. What should we do? (What should you do?) Should we tell him? (Should you tell him?)
should用于主语是第一人称的疑问句,表示征求意见

① sb.+have/has+病症
eg. He has a fever. eg. The twins have colds.

② sb.+have/has+a+headache/toothache……
eg. Bob has a stomachache.

eg. I have an earache.
eg. I had a headache last night.

③ sb.+have/has+a+sore+发病部位
eg. He has a sore back. eg. Sarah has a sore throat.

cut

④ sb.+hurt(s)+身体部位/反身代词
eg. They hurt themselves. eg. He hurts himself. eg. He hurt himself. eg. I hurt my face.
一般现在时态 一般过去时态

⑤ 某部位+hurt(s)
eg. My feet hurt badly. eg. Tom's leg hurt.

My feet are very sore.

Tom's leg was sore.

⑥ sb.+have/has+a +pain+in one's 身体部位
eg. I have a pain in my neck. eg. My mom often has a pain in her chest(胸口).

⑦ (There is) something wrong with……
eg. There is something wrong with my right eye.


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