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2014八年级英语下学期专练

发布时间:2014-06-15 12:03:19  

八年级英语期末专练

一、词语运用

One day Tom went out to look for work. He went from place to place, ___1____ could not find a job. In the afternoon, he came to a factory. He went into the office building and ____2___ the door of a big room. There he saw a fat man ___3____ at a desk.

"What do you want?" the man asked. "I am looking for work," answered Tom. "Any kind of work?" the man asked. "Any kind of work, please. I am strong, you see," Tom said.

The man looked at Tom for a long time and then he said, "We have got enough workers. We want no___4____ . Get out." Tom turned ____5___ . When he was going to the door, the fat man said, "Look, do you see the man over there?" He pointed to a man outside the window. "I give____6___ five dollars a day. I will only give you four dollars a day. Do you want his job? He is getting old. Of course, I won't give you five dollars a day. I can only give you four dollars a day."

For a long time Tom said____7___ . He thought of his wife and____8___ . But that worker had his wife and children,___9____ . Finally Tom said, "No, I won't want the job." Tom was right. He didn't want to take the bread out of another___10____ mouth.

1._______ 2._______ 3. _______ 4._______ 5. _______

6._______7._______ 8._______ 9. _______ 10._______

二、阅读理解

A

There are some easy things you can do to protect the environment and the earth.Choose ideas from the list or come up with a few of your own.

★ Plant flowers,grass or trees.

★ Whenever you visit a park or a beach,take away what you bring there and keep rubbish in a bag until you can put it into a dustbin.

★ Turn off the lights,TV sets when you leave a room.This saves a lot of electricity. ★ Turn off the tap when you brush your teeth.You can save some water by not letting it run.Also,use a glass or cup instead of a paper one because this saves paper.

★ Keep the doors and windows closed in winter to keep warm air in.

★ Give your old books and magazines to a library instead of throwing them away. ★ Give your clothes to poor children instead of throwing them away.

★ Use both sides of paper.

★ Stop pouring dirty water into the rivers or lakes nearby.

★ Encourage all your friends to do the same things you do to help protect the earth. If everyone makes contribution to protect the environment,the world will become much more beautiful.

( ) 1.The writer mainly tells us _______.

A.to pour dirty water into the rivers

B.to throw rubbish into a dustbin

C.to save water by turning on the tap while brushing our teeth

D.that we can't do all these things every day

( ) 2.We can _______ to save paper.

A.use both sides of paper

B.pick up waste paper at school

C.use a paper cup

D.give old toys to poor children

第 1 页

八年级英语期末专练

( ) 3.Which of the following is WRONG according to the writer?

A.Turn off the lights when you leave a room.

B.Close the doors and windows in winter.

C.Use a paper cup when you brush your teeth

D.Give your old clothes to the poor children.

( ) 4.The writer didn’t talk about_______

. A.Plant trees B.Turn off the lights

C.Clean the floor D.Turn off the tap

( ) 5.The title of this passage is ________.

A.Save Water and Electricity B.Protect the Earth

C.Make Better Use of Old Things D.Save Money

B

Three rich ladies met every day by the river. They sat there and talked the whole day. Once the three ladies quarreled. One of them said. “Look, how white and beautiful my hands are!” Another one said, “My hands are more beautiful.” The third one said, “Mine are the most beautiful ones.” An old beggar woman came up to them. “Beautiful ladies,” she said, “I’m hungry. Please give me something to eat.”

But the three ladies gave her nothing. They only asked, “Tell me, old woman, which one of us has the most beautiful hands?”

A peasant(农民)woman was also sitting by the river. She was poor and her hands were rough because of hard work. The old woman came up to her and said, “I’m hungry. Please give me something to cat.” The peasant woman took out her only cake she had and gave her a half.

The old woman ate it and drank some water. Then she took the peasant woman by the hand, brought her before the rich ladies and said, “Now, I shall tell you whose hands are the most beautiful. The hands of the poor peasant woman are rough because of work, but they give us food; they are far more beautiful than your hands which have never done anything.”

( )6. The three ladies ___________.

A. had a quarrel every day B. were rich but unkind

C. had a talk about their hands every day D. lived by the side of the river

( )7. The old woman asked for something to eat, ___________.

A. but none of the three rich ladies gave anything to her

B. but only one of the three ladies gave her half a cake

C. because she wanted to know whose hands were beautiful

D. because she wanted to know which lady was the richest

( )8. The peasant woman’s hands were not so white as the three ladies’ ___________.

A. because of the hard work she had done B. but she was stronger than any of them

C. so she didn’t quarrel with the three ladies

D. but she was more beautiful than any of them

( )9. The old woman said that the peasant woman’s hands were beautiful than

the three ladies’ because ___________.

A. she liked dark hands better than white hands

B. the peasant woman gave her half a cake

C. her hands had worked hard to provide food for people

D. the three ladies didn’t give her anything to eat

( )10. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

第 2 页

八年级英语期末专练

A. Half a Cake B. A Peasant Woman’s Hands

C. The Rich Woman’s Hands D. Smooth(光滑的)Hands and Rough Hands

C

Ted, my little brother, is in Grade One. Last Friday he came back from school with a letter. The letter was from his teacher. "I got a red flower today. Could you please sign this note?" he said to Mum. The note showed that he had been talking in class.Ted hardly gets top scores in his school work. The best he gets .is "OK", but often he gets "You can do better than this." Mum knows what it means. She tells me "You can do better than this" means "Extremely bad" in China.

In the USA, teachers never say anything too bad about their students, even if the students are making trouble in class or not working hard enough. The worst they might say is "Please be nicer tomorrow". Many parents are satisfied with a B-grade for each subject.

But things in Chinese schools are quite different. Parents have high expectations for their children. I sometimes felt that my second-grade cousin spent more time on homework than I did when I was a 6th grader in the USA! Yet his parents and teachers didn't think he worked hard enough.

Is it too strict in China? Or is it not strict enough in the USA? Maybe both are true.

( )11.Why did Ted come home with .a letter last Friday ?

A. Because the teacher wanted to visit his mother.

B. Because he did something wrong.

C. Because the teacher was happy with his progress.

D. Because the teacher thought he was too lazy.

( )12. If a student in the USA gets "OK" in his school work, it means .

A. he gets top scores B. he gets medium scores

C. he gets extremely bad scores D. he gets the worst scores

( )13. American parents will be when their children get a B-grade in their school.

A. excited B. sad C. angry D. happy

( )14.The underlined words "high expectations" in this passage means .

A. 很高的待遇 B. 很多的自由 C. 很高的期望 D. 很多的关爱

( )15.The writer mainly wants to tell us .

A. the differences between Chinese education and American education

B. Chinese students are better than American students

C. American parents are not strict enough with their children

D. what the best way to educate children is

D

A couple (夫妇) have travelled around the world in 297 days—without taking any planes Tom Fewins and Lara Lockwood used 78 buses, 61 trains, 34 cars, 18 boats, six bicycles, and even one elephant. They wanted to prove that tourists can still be well travelled without damaging the environment. They aimed to product less than 3,000 kg of carbon dioxide(二氧化痰), compared with six times that amount if they had gone by plane.

They 8pent ten months travellin9 44,609 miles through l 8 countries on land and sea.The couple’s world tour began in June 2008 with a two-hour bus journey to London from their home in Oxfordshire.They took the train,Eurostar,to Brussels and then caught a bus and train to Hamburg before going to Copenhagen.The couple even rode on an elephant for l 5 miles through the Chinese part of the Mekong River(湄公河).

The couple hoped to write a book based on their journey to teach other travellers how to travel without damaging the environment.

第 3 页

八年级英语期末专练

根据短文内容回答下列问题

16.How long did it take the couple to travel around the world?

_______________________________________________________________

17.Where did the tour begin?

______________________________________________________________

18.How many ways of transportation did the couple use to travel around the world according

to the passage?

______________________________________________________________

19.How was the travel different?

______________________________________________________________

20.What did the couple hope to do?

______________________________________________________________

E

One of the strangest jobs at the Oscars is that of a seat-filler. When one of the stars needs to go to the bathroom, a seat-filler sits in the star's seat. That way, the TV cameras won't show any empty seats. Kathy Miller talks about her night as a seat-filler.

(A) I was told to reach the theater in the middle of the day, wearing my dress for the evening. There were about 200 of us seat-fillers, all very excited. We were told what we should and shouldn't do (for example,"Don't talk to the stars"), and then (B) 我们一直等到五点钟. That's when the stars started coming.

The show started at six o'clock. We had to stand outside the doors. Then, when someone came out to go to the bathroom or have a cigarette, we were told to go and sit in their seat. (C) The show was three hours long, and I only sat down five times. By the end, I was really tired, but I was happy because, during the evening, I sat behind Jim Carrey (he's very tall!) and close to Denzel Washington, Nicole Kidman and Julia Roberts. It was an exciting night, but I think (D)_______ year I'll watch the Oscars on TV at home like everyone else!

21.将画线部分(A)改写成

I was told to ________ at the theater at ________.

22. 将画线部分(B)译成英语。

_______________________________________________

23. 将画线部分(C)译成汉语。

_______________________________________________

24. 在(D)的空白处填入一个适当的词语。

_______________________________________________

25. 从短文中找出两个描写心情的形容词。

________,________

第 4 页

八年级英语期末专练

一、词语运用

One day Tom went out to look for work. He went from place to place, ___1____ could not find a job. In the afternoon, he came to a factory. He went into the office building and ____2___ the door of a big room. There he saw a fat man ___3____ at a desk.

"What do you want?" the man asked. "I am looking for work," answered Tom. "Any kind of work?" the man asked. "Any kind of work, please. I am strong, you see," Tom said.

The man looked at Tom for a long time and then he said, "We have got enough workers. We want no___4____ . Get out." Tom turned ____5___ . When he was going to the door, the fat man said, "Look, do you see the man over there?" He pointed to a man outside the window. "I give____6___ five dollars a day. I will only give you four dollars a day. Do you want his job? He is getting old. Of course, I won't give you five dollars a day. I can only give you four dollars a day."

For a long time Tom said____7___ . He thought of his wife and____8___ . But that worker had his wife and children,___9____ . Finally Tom said, "No, I won't want the job." Tom was right. He didn't want to take the bread out of another___10____ mouth.

1.but 2opened 3.sitting 4. more 5. around

6. him 7. nothing 8. children 9. too 10. worker's

二、阅读理解

A

There are some easy things you can do to protect the environment and the earth.Choose ideas from the list or come up with a few of your own.

★ Plant flowers,grass or trees.

★ Whenever you visit a park or a beach,take away what you bring there and keep rubbish in a bag until you can put it into a dustbin.

★ Turn off the lights,TV sets when you leave a room.This saves a lot of electricity. ★ Turn off the tap when you brush your teeth.You can save some water by not letting it run.Also,use a glass or cup instead of a paper one because this saves paper.

★ Keep the doors and windows closed in winter to keep warm air in.

★ Give your old books and magazines to a library instead of throwing them away. ★ Give your clothes to poor children instead of throwing them away.

★ Use both sides of paper.

★ Stop pouring dirty water into the rivers or lakes nearby.

★ Encourage all your friends to do the same things you do to help protect the earth. If everyone makes contribution to protect the environment,the world will become much more beautiful.

( ) 1.The writer mainly tells us _______.

A. to pour dirty water into the rivers

B.to throw rubbish into a dustbin

C.to save water by turning on the tap while brushing our teeth

D.that we can't do all these things every day

( ) 2.We can _______ to save paper.

A.use both sides of paper B.pick up waste paper at school

C.use a paper cup D.give old toys to poor children

( ) 3.Which of the following is WRONG according to the writer?

第 5 页

八年级英语期末专练

B.Turn off the lights when you leave a room.

B.Close the doors and windows in winter.

C.Use a paper cup when you brush your teeth.

D.Give your old clothes to the poor children.

( ) 4.The writer didn’t talk about_______

. A.Plant trees B.Turn off the lights

C.Clean the floor D.Turn off the tap

( ) 5.The title of this passage is ________.

A.Save Water and Electricity B.Protect the Earth

C.Make Better Use of Old Things D.Save Money

B A C C B

B

Three rich ladies met every day by the river. They sat there and talked the whole day. Once the three ladies quarreled. One of them said. “Look, how white and beautiful my hands are!” Another one said, “My hands are more beautiful.” The third one said, “Mine are the most beautiful ones.” An old beggar woman came up to them. “Beautiful ladies,” she said, “I’m hungry. Please give me something to eat.”

But the three ladies gave her nothing. They only asked, “Tell me, old woman, which one of us has the most beautiful hands?”

A peasant(农民)woman was also sitting by the river. She was poor and her hands were rough because of hard work. The old woman came up to her and said, “I’m hungry. Please give me something to cat.” The peasant woman took out her only cake she had and gave her a half.

The old woman ate it and drank some water. Then she took the peasant woman by the hand, brought her before the rich ladies and said, “Now, I shall tell you whose hands are the most beautiful. The hands of the poor peasant woman are rough because of work, but they give us food; they are far more beautiful than your hands which have never done anything.”

( )6. The three ladies ___________.

A. had a quarrel every day B. were rich but unkind

C. had a talk about their hands every day D. lived by the side of the river

( )7. The old woman asked for something to eat, ___________.

A. but none of the three rich ladies gave anything to her

B. but only one of the three ladies gave her half a cake

C. because she wanted to know whose hands were beautiful

D. because she wanted to know which lady was the richest

( )8. The peasant woman’s hands were not so white as the three ladies’ ___________.

A. because of the hard work she had done B. but she was stronger than any of them

C. so she didn’t quarrel with the three ladies

D. but she was more beautiful than any of them

( )9. The old woman said that the peasant woman’s hands were beautiful than

the three ladies’ because ___________.

A. she liked dark hands better than white hands

B. the peasant woman gave her half a cake

C. her hands had worked hard to provide food for people

D. the three ladies didn’t give her anything to eat

( )10. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

B. Half a Cake B. A Peasant Woman’s Hands

第 6 页

八年级英语期末专练

C. The Rich Woman’s Hands D. Smooth(光滑的)Hands and Rough Hands

B A A C D

C

Ted, my little brother, is in Grade One. Last Friday he came back from school with a letter. The letter was from his teacher. "I got a red flower today. Could you please sign this note?" he said to Mum. The note showed that he had been talking in class.Ted hardly gets top scores in his school work. The best he gets .is "OK", but often he gets "You can do better than this." Mum knows what it means. She tells me "You can do better than this" means "Extremely bad" in China.

In the USA, teachers never say anything too bad about their students, even if the students are making trouble in class or not working hard enough. The worst they might say is "Please be nicer tomorrow". Many parents are satisfied with a B-grade for each subject.

But things in Chinese schools are quite different. Parents have high expectations for their children. I sometimes felt that my second-grade cousin spent more time on homework than I did when I was a 6th grader in the USA! Yet his parents and teachers didn't think he worked hard enough.

Is it too strict in China? Or is it not strict enough in the USA? Maybe both are true.

( )11.Why did Ted come home with .a letter last Friday ?

A. Because the teacher wanted to visit his mother.

B. Because he did something wrong.

C. Because the teacher was happy with his progress.

D. Because the teacher thought he was too lazy.

( )12. If a student in the USA gets "OK" in his school work, it means .

A. he gets top scores B. he gets medium scores

C. he gets extremely bad scores D. he gets the worst scores

( )13. American parents will be when their children get a B-grade in their school.

A. excited B. sad C. angry D. happy

( )14.The underlined words "high expectations" in this passage means .

A. 很高的待遇 B. 很多的自由 C. 很高的期望 D. 很多的关爱

( )15.The writer mainly wants to tell us .

A. the differences between Chinese education and American education

B. Chinese students are better than American students

C. American parents are not strict enough with their children

D. what the best way to educate children is

61-65:BBDCA

D

A couple (夫妇) have travelled around the world in 297 days—without taking any planes Tom Fewins and Lara Lockwood used 78 buses, 61 trains, 34 cars, 18 boats, six bicycles, and even one elephant. They wanted to prove that tourists can still be well travelled without damaging the environment. They aimed to product less than 3,000 kg of carbon dioxide(二氧化痰), compared with six times that amount if they had gone by plane.

They 8pent ten months travellin9 44,609 miles through l 8 countries on land and sea.The couple’s world tour began in June 2008 with a two-hour bus journey to London from their home in Oxfordshire.They took the train,Eurostar,to Brussels and then caught a bus and train to Hamburg before going to Copenhagen.The couple even rode on an elephant for l 5 miles through the Chinese part of the Mekong River(湄公河).

The couple hoped to write a book based on their journey to teach other travellers how to 第 7 页

八年级英语期末专练

travel without damaging the environment.

根据短文内容回答下列问题

16.How long did it take the couple to travel around the world?

_______________________________________________________________

17.Where did the tour begin?

______________________________________________________________

18.How many ways of transportation did the couple use to travel around the world according

to the passage?

______________________________________________________________

19.How was the travel different?

______________________________________________________________

20.What did the couple hope to do?

______________________________________________________________

1.297 days. 2.In London. 3.6/Six. 4.They didn’t take any plane.

They hoped to write a book and taught the travellers to protect the environment.

E

One of the strangest jobs at the Oscars is that of a seat-filler. When one of the stars needs to go to the bathroom, a seat-filler sits in the star's seat. That way, the TV cameras won't show any empty seats. Kathy Miller talks about her night as a seat-filler.

(A) I was told to reach the theater in the middle of the day, wearing my dress for the evening. There were about 200 of us seat-fillers, all very excited. We were told what we should and shouldn't do (for example,"Don't talk to the stars"), and then (B) 我们一直等到五点钟. That's when the stars started coming.

The show started at six o'clock. We had to stand outside the doors. Then, when someone came out to go to the bathroom or have a cigarette, we were told to go and sit in their seat. (C) The show was three hours long, and I only sat down five times. By the end, I was really tired, but I was happy because, during the evening, I sat behind Jim Carrey (he's very tall!) and close to Denzel Washington, Nicole Kidman and Julia Roberts. It was an exciting night, but I think (D)_______ year I'll watch the Oscars on TV at home like everyone else!

21.将画线部分(A)改写成

I was told to ________ at the theater at ________.

22. 将画线部分(B)译成英语。

_______________________________________________

23. 将画线部分(C)译成汉语。

_______________________________________________

24. 在(D)的空白处填入一个适当的词语。

_______________________________________________

25. 从短文中找出两个描写心情的形容词。

________,________

第 8 页

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