first, then, afterwards, meanwhile, later，first of all, finally, at last ，near, next to, far from, in front of, on the left, on one side，in general, in a word, in short, on the whole, to sum up, in brief, to conclude :because, for, as a result, therefore, thus…
besides, what’s more, what was worse, moreover, furthermore, in addition, on top of
and, as well as, also，like, unlike, such as, but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary ,nevertheless, otherwise…
1．____________ 替换 think of
Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. →
Anidea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.
It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.
He spends all his spare time in reading. →
He devotes all his spare time to reading.
3．____________替换want / look for
They sought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees.
I’m an average ( ordinary ) student.
The film we saw last night was very interesting. →
The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting.
The film we saw last night was anything but boring.
On his way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried.
Heis supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.
Thank you very much for you help. →
We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated.
I don’t think it is the case ( true ).
10．____________替换as soon as
As soon as he arrived, he began his research. →
On his arrival, he began his research..
11. ____________替换because of
He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.
After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired.
13．____________替换 be helpful/useful
Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. →
Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.
14．____________ 替换 coming soon/nearby
① The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans? ② Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby).
The family were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. → The family were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light.
16．________________ 替换have a good time/ enjoy oneself
After visiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( hada good time ).
Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas.
Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books.(2004天津卷)
The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China.
20．________________ 替换talk about/of, mention
The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous
21.cannot but / can not help but替换have to do
I could not but (had to) go home.
More often than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed.
23．lest替换so that /in order that
I wrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. → I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it.
24.belong for sth. /________________ 替换want to do sth./wish for
I want to see you very much. →
I am long to see you.
25．________________ /________________ /be absorbed in/be addicted to替换be interested in
He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps
① I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. →
I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September.
② If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help
27. ________________ 替换good/very well
He speaks perfect ( good ) English.
He speaks English perfectly ( very well ).
Would you please do me the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio?
29．________________替换a few days ago
The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle.
In the course of(During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety.
31．the majority of替换most
32. ________________替换be made up of
Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students.
33．________________替换 be tired / broken
① After five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out(tired). ② My shoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair.
What do think has become of ( happened to ) him ?
35．attend to替换look after
36．________________替换as long as
38．express one’ s satisfaction with替换be satisfied with 39．spare no effo．be rushed off one’s feet 替换be busy in doing
42．a handful of替换a little / some
43．________________替换at the same time
44．________________ 替换stand up
46．occasionally替换sometimes /once in while