haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

period2

发布时间:2013-09-28 16:34:52  

Unit 1 How do you study for a test? Section A (2)

Make conversations. How do you study English? I study English by studying with a group...

3a

Read the article and complete the chart.

How do you learn best?
This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English. Many said they learnt by using English. Some students had more specific suggestions. Lillian Li, for example, said the best way to learn new words was by reading English magazines. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. When we asked about studying grammar, she said, “I never study grammar. It’s too boring.” specific adj. 明确的;详细而精确的 memorize(memorizing) v. 记忆;背诵

grammar n.语法;语法规则

Wei Ming feels differently. He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it. He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. He also thinks that watching English movies isn’t a bad way because he can watch the actors say the words. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly.
differently adv.不同地;有区别地 frustrate v.使失望;使沮丧;使厌烦 frustrating adj.令人沮丧的;令人失望的 quickly adv.快地;迅速地

Liu Chang said that joining the English club at school was the best way to improve her English. Students get lots of practice and they also have fun. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. “We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese,” she said.
add v.又说;继续说 excited adj.激动的;兴奋的 get excited about
对…感到兴奋

not at all 根本(不);全然(不)
end up结束;告终

Explanation
1. This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English.这周, 我们就 学习英语的好办法询问了新星中学的一些学生。 ask sb. about sth. 问某人某件事情 about后面加名词或动名词。 e.g. Ask students about the best way of learning. 问学生们最好的学习方法。 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事,请某人做某事,to后面 加动词原形。

e.g. He asked his mother to buy him a new bicycle.
他请求母亲给他买一辆新自行车.

?

句中动词不定式 “to learn more English” 限制修饰名词 “ways”, 作定语,构成固定 结构 “a way to do sth.”,意为 “做......的 方法”.
e.g. Scientists are trying to find ways to save the endangered (濒临灭绝的) animals.

?

?

此外, 表示“做......的方法”, 还可用 “a way of doing sth.” 结构。
e.g. Mother says the best way of helping her is to leave the kitchen.

?

2. Many said they learnt by using English.
许多学生说他们通过使用英语来学习英语。 many 在这里是代词,而不是形容词,意为many students. e.g. We can put away many of these plates. We don’t need so many. 我们可以把许多盘子收

起来,用不着这么多。

3. frustrating a. 令人灰心的,令人沮丧的.(修饰物, 事件)

e.g. Watching movies to learn English is frustrating because the people speak too quickly.
通过看电影来学英语是让人灰心的, 因为剧中人物说 话太快了。 frustrated a.灰心的, 沮丧的(修饰人)

e.g. I felt frustrated at that time.

那时我觉得很沮丧。
类似的还有: interesting 令人感兴趣的 interested 感兴趣的 disappointing 令人失望的 disappointed 失望的 boring 无聊的 bored 感到无聊的 excited 兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的

5. end up doing sth. 终止做某事, 结束 做某事, 后面加动名词短语, 相当于 finish doing sth., 表示结束做某事,事情 已完成。 e.g. When we practice speaking English, we often end up speaking in Chinese.

但要注意与stop doing sth. 的区别: stop doing sth.指停止做某事,有可能是暂时的,不 久还会继续下去。 e.g. We had to stop singing because somebody knocked at the door. 另外,end up with… 以…而告终,后面加名词或动 名词。 e.g. The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她 的歌唱而告终。

6. 在本单元中,出现了大量的动名词。我们有必要了解动名词
的结构和用法。 动名词即动词的-ing形式,相当于名词。在句子中可做主语, 宾语, 表语等。

e.g. 1). I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the

secrets of learning.
doing lots of listening practice 为动名词短语,做从句中的主 语。listening做定语, 修饰 practice.

2)I am enjoying learning English.
动名词短语做宾语。 3)Seeing is believing. believing做表语 眼见为实。 (seeing做主语,

V-ing(动名词)做主语要注意谓语动词的单复数 如: Memorizing the words of pop songs helps a little. He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. Studying English is important. Listening more improves listening skills. Eating too much can make us fat. Eating well and sleeping well help us study well.

Complete the chart.
Ways of learning English Not successful Lillian Li OK Successful

studying grammar

memorizing the words of pop songs watching English movies

reading English magazines

Wei Ming

studying grammar joining the English club

Liu Chang having

conversations with friends

请根据课文内容判断下列句子的正(T)误(F): ( T )1. Many students thought the best way to learn English is to use it. ( F )2. Lilian Li thought the best way to learn new words was by memorizing them. reading English magazines ( T )3. Lilian Li never studied grammar. ( T )4. Wei Ming has learned English for seventy-two months. ( F )5. Wei Ming thought watching English a bad way but Watching English movies isn’t movies and sometimes great ways studying grammar are frustrating. to learn a language. ( T )6. Joining the English club at school was Liu Chang’s best way to improve her English. ( T )

7. The students in the club could get lots of practice. ( F )8. Liu Chang thought having conversations with friends was helpful. was not helpful at all.

Reading Comprehension
How do they learn best English? Ways of learning English Successful Not OK successful Lillian studying memorizing reading Li grammar the words of English pop songs magazines

Ways of learning English Not OK Successful successful Wei watching studying Ming English grammar movies joining having Liu the Chang conversati English ons with clubs friends

3b Role play.
If you are Lillian Li, talk about the ways of learning English.

I think….
???

???

???

learning English by reading magazines is the best way. memorizing the words of pop songs helps a little. studying grammar is too boring.

4 Pair work. Check what you do to learn English. Then interview you partner.

A: Do you write vocabulary lists?
B: Oh, yes. I do it often

Words: always>often>usually>sometimes>seldom> never

always often usually sometimes seldom never

4 A Survey on Vocabulary
Phrases write vocabulary lists read English books/ magazines study grammar Translation Yes


词汇列表

看英语书/杂志


学语法



keep an English notebook

做英语笔记



listen to tapes ask the teacher questions watch Englishlanguage TV

听磁带 请教老师

√ √

看英文电视


22

A Survey on Ways to learn English I do this… often sometimes never write vocabulary lists read English books/ magazines




study grammar keep an English notebook listen to tapes ask the teacher questions watch Englishlanguage TV

√ √ √ √ √
24

A Survey on Ways to learn English

My partner does this… often sometimes never write vocabulary lists read English books/ √ magazines



study grammar keep an English notebook listen to tapes ask the teacher questions watch Englishlanguage TV

√ √


√ √
26

Exercises
根据汉语, 完成下面句子翻译。

1. 他靠教书维生。 He makes a living ___________. ______ by teaching 2. 我看着他走了, 才回家。 I watched him ____, then wenthome. ___ go 3. 我发现这份工作非常无聊。 I _____ the work very ______ . boring found
27

4. 你可以用这笔钱来改善你家生活。 improving use You can ___ the money for ________ your home. 5. 她听到这个消息兴奋起来。 She _________ to learn the news. got excited 6. 她说范冰冰一点也不好看。 She ___ Fan Bingbing was ___ said not beautiful _____. at all
28


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com