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状语从句之时间状语从句、条件状语从句

发布时间:2014-06-23 14:05:44  

状语从句
Adverbial Clause

Let’s guess ! ! !
If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind? 如果冬天来了,春天还会远吗?

Where there is smoke, there is fire.
无烟不起火/ 无风不起浪 Strike(打、击) while the iron is hot. 趁热打铁

用一个句子充当状语成分,那个句子 就是状语从句。

状语从句 分类
1时间状语从句
2条件状语从句

6让步状语从句
7比较状语从句

3原因状语从句
4地点状语从句 5目的状语从句

8方式状语从句
9结果状语从句

Can you distinguish (区分)?
1.The girl won’t go to bed until her mother comes. 时间 2. Just stay where you are. 地点

时地原因条状补,

目比结果方让步,

连词引导各不同;

主句通常前面走,

3. Since you are ill, I will go alone. 原因
4. The box is so heavy that nobody can move it. 结果 5. You can’t learn it well unless you work hard. 6. They are hurrying in order that they may not miss the train. 目的 7. Though it was cold, she went out without an overcoat. 让步 8. He is taller than I am. 比较

连词引导紧随后,

从句若在主前头,

主从之间有个逗。
条件

9. You should do as the teacher said.

方式

状语从句 分类
1条件状语从句
2时间状语从句

6让步状语从句
7比较状语从句

3原因状语从句
4地点状语从句 5目的状语从句

8方式状语从句
9结果状语从句

1条件状语从句

引导词: if

unless = if not

时态: 主将从现 Work hard, and you’ll pass the exam.
If you work hard, you’ll pass the exam. You won’t pass the exam unless you work hard.

【2013新疆阜康、米泉】1. Your dream won’t come true ______ you know what your dream is. A. after B. unless C. while D. since 【2013云南】2. You can use English or Chinese_______ you travel in Singapore. A. whether B. whatever C. where D. if 【2013湖北孝感】3.—We can’t be successful ____ we keep working hard. —I agree with you. A. if B. unless C. because D. when 【2013新疆】4. We must get up at 7:00 tomorrow morning, ______ we will be late for the meeting. A. and B. or C. so D. but 【2013新疆】5. If she ______ tomorrow, I’ll call you. A. come B. comes C. will come D. came

【2013四川成都】6. --- What are you doing this weekend? --- We are going hiking if it ______. A. will rain B. doesn’t rain C. rains

句型转换,将下列各句改为同义句
Hurry up or you'll be late for school. don ’t If _____you _______hurry up you'll be late for school. ________you hurry up ,you'll be late for school. Unless I don’t know if he _____ tomorrow, if he _____, I will meet him. A. will come, comes B. comes, comes C. will come, will come D.come, will come

2时间状语从句

引导词: when/while as soon as = once 一…就… before, after 主将从现 till/until, not… until…直到…
I will call you as soon as I come back.
Once you ask me, I will help you.

before
将来: 主将从现

aft

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