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牛津英语9A复习讲义

发布时间:2014-06-27 14:30:07  

牛津英语9A Unit 1 复习讲义

1. 十二点钟了,可他还是睡不着。It was twelve o’clock, but he was still __________.

2. 别弄醒这个孩子,他才睡着。Don’t ___________ the boy. He fell asleep just now.

二、语法点拨

1. It is + adj + of sb. + (not) to do sth.

It’s +adj.+of sb. to do sth.句型在英语中运用较为频繁,尤其在口语中。该句型通常表示说话人对客观事件的惊讶、兴奋、懊悔、难过等感叹情绪,其实相当于感叹句。如:

It’s very kind of you to help me. 你能帮助我,真是太好了!

该句型与 how 引导的感叹句可以互换,故上句可以改为:

How kind it is of you to help me ! 或 How kind of you to help me !

在口语中, it is经常被省略, 再如:

It’s nice of you to say so.你这样说,真是太好了!

可以省略为Nice of you to say so.

当然此句改为You’re nice to say so.也可,意思不变。

有时也可用简缩句型It’s + adj.+ of sb. 或 That’s + adj. + of sb., 如:

It’s wrong of you . 你错了!

That’s lovely of her. 她多可爱呀!

该句型中用作表语的形容词常见的有如下几类:

(1) 表示聪明或愚蠢的形容词,有clever, wise, foolish, stupid, silly等, 如:

It’s silly of him to do such a thing. 他竟干出这样的事,真是愚蠢!

(2) 表示正确或错误的形容词,有 right, wrong, correct, incorrect 等, 如:

It was right of her not to come here. 她没有来这儿,太对了!

(3) 表示好坏等品性的形容词,此类词较多,有 good, nice, kind, sweet, friendly, lovely等, 如:

It’s friendly of you to come and see me. 你能来看我,真够朋友!

(4) 表示褒义或贬义色彩的形容词,有brave, polite, careless, selfish等,如:

It was brave of you to manage to do it. 你居然能做成这件事,真勇敢!

【补充】of sb. 的句型通常都可转换为不定式作状语的句子。

It’s very nice of you to offer me a seat.

= You are nice to offer me a seat. 十分感谢你给我让座。

It is careless of him to lose so many things.

= He is careless to lose so many things. 他丢了这么多东西,真是太粗心了。

【注意】It’s + adj.+ for sb. to do sth.结构是一个陈述句, 表示说话人对客观事件的决断, 比较正式,希望大家学习时注意。这类形容词有difficult, easy, hard, important, dangerous,(im)possible等。 It’s very dangerous for children to cross the busy street.对孩子们来说,穿过繁忙的街道很危险。 It’s difficult for us to finish the work. 对我们来说,完成这项工作很困难。

【小试牛刀】

① It is impossible______________me to finish the work in an hour.

② It is kind_____________you to help me finish the work in an hour.

2. be + adj. + enough + to do sth.

1

此句型表示―(某人、某物)足够做某事‖,例如:

I’m tall enough to reach the top of the tree. 我够高能够到树顶。

(1) 此句型若是肯定句时,可以用主+be+so+adj.+that的句型(即so…,that…表示的结果状语

从句)来替换。

The boy is old enough to go to school. 这个孩子到了上学年龄。

=The boy is so old that he can go to school.

(2) 此句型若是否定句式时,既可以用so…that…引导的结果状语从句来替换,还可以用too…to…

句式替换。例:

He is not old enough to go to work. 他太小不能去上班。

=He is so young that he can’t go to work. = He is too young to go to work..

The box is not light enough for me to carry. 这个箱子太重我搬不动。

=The box is too heavy for me to carry. = The box is so heavy that I can’t carry it.

【小试牛刀】

① The water was so dirty that we couldn’t drink it.

= The water was _________ dirty for us ________ drink.(2001上海市)

② The child is so young that he can't put on his clothes.

= The child isn’t ________ _________ _________ put on his clothes.(1999四川宜宾)

③ The problem is too difficult for me to work out.

= The problem isn’t ________ _________ ________ for me to work out.(2001重庆市)

④ He worked so hard that he got the first in the examination. = He worked ________ _________ to get the first in the examination.

3. 句子的成分

(1) 定义

构成句子的各个部分叫做句子成分。句子成分有主要成分和次要成分;主要成分有主语和谓语;次要成分有表语、宾语、定语、状语、补足语和同位语。

谈论新的主席

牛津英语9A Unit 1 短语汇总

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牛津英语9A Unit 1 基础训练

一、重点词组 3

1. 被分为 2. 星座 3. 有时候

4. 放弃 5. 照顾别人 6. 注意

7. 与…争论 8. 保守秘密 9. 有幽默感

10.炫耀 11.想出新主意 12.能够

二、句型结构

1. However, sometimes it is silly of you not to forgive others for their faults.

It’s nice of you to bring me the newspaper.

2. 掌握It’s + adj. + of /for sb to do sth. (注意of 和 for用法的区别)以及这个句型的否定结构

1) 你帮助我学英语真是太好了。It‖s you me with my English.

2) 保持健康对我们是很有必要的。It‖s us healthy.

3) 对于学生们来讲,不按时交作业是不礼貌的。

It’s impolite for stu hand in their homework on time.

3. You are patient enough to wait without getting angry.

A. 掌握enough to do 与so…that从句的转换

Andy精力充沛足可以成为一个领导者。

Andy is a leader.

Andy is he can be a leader.

B. 掌握enough修饰形容词副词和名词的不同用法。

1)Daniel很自信能通过考试。Daniel is to pass the exam.

2) 很多西部地区的孩子没有足够的钱上不起学。

Many children in the west don’t haveto go to school.

三、难点语法

1. It’s + adj. + of /for sb to do sth. (注意of 和 for用法的区别)

2.enough to do / too…to do句型转换及与so…that引导的结果状语从句之间的转换。

1) Kitty给我们每个人两件礼物,她真大方。

Kitty is Kitty is she gives each of us two presents.

Kitty each of us two presents.

2) 对于中学生来说,学好英语是很重要的吗?

Is it Middle School Students English well?

3)Jim年龄不够大,照顾不了自己。

Jim is look after himself.

Jim is look after himself.

Jim is he look after himself.

3. 句子的成分

1)当Millie听到这个消息时,看上去很开心。When Millie heard the news, she looked .

2)当我把这个好消息告诉Millie时,她开心地看着我。

at me.

3) Peter总是给他的朋友买许多礼物。(注意:双宾语)

Peter always .

4)Simon正把足球传给Peter. Simon the football Peter.

Simon the football.

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牛津英语9A Unit 2 复习讲义

1. Columbus_____________ America but he did not explore the new continent.

2. Edison______________ the electric light bulb.

二、语法点拨

1. would rather…than…

这个句式意思是―宁愿……而不愿……‖,表示主观愿望,即在两者之中选择其一。例如: She would rather die than lose the children. 她宁愿死也不愿失去孩子们。

(1) 使用此句型时要注意―平行结构‖,即在than 的前后要用两个同类的词或词组,如两个名词、

两个不定式、两个介词短语等。例如:

I would rather have noodles than rice. 我宁愿吃面条也不吃米饭。

I would rather go to work by bike than by bus. 我宁愿骑自行车也不愿乘公共汽车去上班。 I would rather talk with his mother than with his father. 我宁愿和他妈说话而不愿和他爸说话。

(2) 此句型有时可代替 would prefer+带 to的不定式。例如:

I’d rather fly than go by sea.=I’d prefer to fly. 我宁愿乘飞机也不愿乘船。

这两个结构后面带名词时情况也一样。例如:

--Would you like some tea?您想喝点茶吗?

--I’d prefer a coffee.我想喝点咖啡。

=I’d rather have coffee than tea. 我想喝点咖啡,不想喝茶。

【真题演练】

① They would rather _______ colours like orange or yellow than blue or white.( 2010宿迁市)

A. use B. to use C. using D. uses

② --Why would some workers in Foxcon(富士康)die __________ continue working in the factory? --Psychologists(心理学家)say they are under too much pressure. (2010宜昌市)

A. better than B. by accident C. instead of D. rather than

2. prefer…to…

① --Which would you like, tea or coffee? --Either______OK, but I prefer coffee_____milk.(2009深圳)

A. is, has B. are, with C. is, with D.are,has

② --What a heavy rain!--So it is. I prefer _______ at home _______ on such a rainy day. (2009扬州)

A. watch TV; to go out B. watch TV; go out C. watching TV; to going out D. to watch TV; going out ③ --Which of the two T-shirts do you prefer? --_______is OK. I don’t like their styles. (2010荆门市)

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A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. All

④ --Would you like some coffee?

--Yes, and please get me some milk. I prefer coffee _______ milk. (2010宁夏)

A. with B. to C. of D. on

⑤ --How about going shopping this weekend, Peter?

--Sorry. I prefer ________rather than _________.(2010泰安市)

A. to stay at home, go out B. to go out, stay at home

(1) 这些代词都作单数看待,作主语时,句子的谓语动词要用单数形式。例如:

Is there anything wrong? 有什么毛病吗?

Everybody/Everyone is interested in the subject. 谁对这个问题都感兴趣。

(2) somebody/ someone, something和nobody/no one, nothing一般用在肯定句中,在否定句和疑问句

中一般用 anybody/anyone, anything。例如:

I talked to someone. He didn’t talk to anyone. 我找人谈过。他谁也没谈。

(3) 复合不定代词可以有形容词修饰作定语,但必须放在不定代词的后面。例如:

The boy wants to find something interesting to read in the book.

那个孩子想从书中找点有趣的东西读读。

There is something wrong with his watch. 他的手表出现了故障。

(4) 和some一样somebody, someone, something有时也用在疑问句中,含有肯定的意思(表示请求、

建议或反问等)。例如:

Why don’t you ask somebody to help you? 你干吗不找谁帮帮你?

Will someone go and get something to eat? 谁能去找点儿吃的来吗?

(5) anybody, anyone, anything 用在肯定句中时,意思是―任何人‖、―任何事‖等意思。例如:

Anybody who wants to can join us. 任何人想参加都行。

I would do anything for this. 我愿意为此做任何事情。

(6) 含everything, everybody, everyone用于否定句中,表示不完全否定。

I don’t think everyone likes sandwiches. 我认为不是每个人都喜欢三明治。

【真题演练】

① --Have you got______ready for the sports meeting?--Not yet. We still have_____to do.(2010成都市)

A. anything; nothing B. something; everything C. everything; something

② She is new here, so we know about her. (2010 .河北省)

A. nothing B. something C. anything D. everything

③ --How many students like this song? --________of us likes it. It sounds terrible. (2010黄冈市)

A. None B. Nobody C. Every one D. All

④ Whatever you do, ________ is difficult if you put your heart into it. (2010莱芜市)

A. nothing B. anything C. something D. everything

⑤ There is ______ wrong with this computer. It doesn’t work well. (2010北京市)

A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing

⑥ --The exam was very easy, wasn’t it?--Yes, but I don’t think ________would pass it. (2010十堰市)

A. somebody B. anybody C. everybody D. nobody

⑦ -- Where is my notebook ?

-- I don’t know. It isn’t here. Maybe _______ took it away by mistake. (2010襄樊市)

A. everybody B. nobody C. anybody D. somebody

三、交际用语

如何提建议

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一、重点词组

1. 宁愿…也不 2. 使某人振奋

3. 做出决定 4. 做某事有困难

5. 采取行动 6. 提醒

7. 感到放松的 8. 给你带来成功

9. 影响我们的情绪 10.对身心有好处

11.感到忧郁 13.为考试而学习

13.使我们感觉平静与平和

二、句型结构

1. I’d rather wear blue than pink.

(would rather…than…的用法及和prefer…to…的同义句转换)

我宁愿呆在家里也不愿去购物。

than to 2. There’s nothing wrong with pink.

我的电脑出了些问题,它不工作了。

There is my computer. It doesn’t work.

3. Wearing blue clothes or sleeping in a blue room is good for the mind and body.

Wearing red makes it easier for you to take action. (注意动名词做主语)

1) 在阳光下看书对我们的眼睛有害。 in the sun bad for our health.

2)我知道早晨读英语是很有帮助的。I know English in the morning very useful.

4. Colors can change our moods and make us feel happy or sad, energetic or sleepy.

(总结make的用法,尤其注意被动语态中的用法)

1) 这消息让他开心。 .

2) 科学家正在努力工作使得这个梦想成真。

Scientists are working hard to 3) 工人们被迫一天工作十六小时。

sixteen hours a day.

三、难点语法

1. would rather…than …的用法

2. prefer…to…的用法

3. 不定代词的用法(肯定句/否定句/疑问句)

1) 有人在更衣室里。There in the fitting room.

2) 他们发现东西了吗? Did they find ?

3) 冰箱是空的。里面什么也没有。 in it.

4) 教室里有多少学生?一个也没有。

How many students are there in the classroom? .

5) 如果你有问题,你可以问任何一个人。.

6) 你想吃些东西吗?Would you like to eat?

7) 今天的报纸没有重要的内容。There is not in today’s newspaper.

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牛津英语9A Unit 3 复习讲义

1. 你允许他使用你的电话吗?D o you ____________ him to use your telephone?

1. 请回答我的问题。Please____________my question.

2. 她头没抬,也不回答。She didn’t lift her head, and made no___________.

二、语法点拨

1. 动词不定式

动词不定式是由―不定式符号to+动词原形‖构成的一种非谓语动词结构。有些动词不定式不带to,动词不定式可以作句子的主语、表语、宾语、定语、补语、状语或单独使用。不定式保留动词的某些特性,可以有自己的宾语、状语等。动词不定式和它后面的宾语、状语等一起构成短语,叫作不定式短语。

(1) 作主语

It is + adj.(形容词)/n.(名词)+ (for sb.) + to-v (动词不定式)

It is our duty 尽力处理每个挑战是我们的职责。

(2) 作表语

主语 + be + to-v (动词不定式)

My dream is . 我的梦想就是当一名警察。

(3) 作宾语

① 主语 + vt. (

② 主语 + vt. (

③ 主语 动词不定式)

我觉得记住每一件事是困难的。

④ 主语 动词不定式)

I don’t know

(4) 作定语

不定式在句中作定语,置于被修饰的名词或代词之后。不定式短语作定语和被修饰词之间表示以下关系:

① 表示将来的动作。The next train to arrive is from Washington.

② 与被修饰词之间有动宾关系,如是不及物动词,则需加介词。

9

Would you please give me some paper to write on?

③ 与被修饰词之间有动宾关系,同时与句中其它词之间又有逻辑上的主谓关系时,尽

管有被动含义,却仍用主动语态。Do you have anything to say on the question?

如只有动宾关系,而无逻辑上的主谓关系,则需用被动语态。Do you have anything to be taken to your sister?

④ 不定式作定语时,一般可转换为定语从句。

The next train to arrive is from Washington.(to arrive=that will arrive)

(5) 作补语

① 主语

. 雨下得很大,让我们等雨停下来。

② 主语 The workers was made 工人们被迫每天工作十二小时。

(6) 作状语

① 目的状语,置于句首或句末,置于句首时常表示强调。如:

A group of young people got together .

② 原因状语,多见于―sb. + be + adj. + to do...‖结构句中。如:

My dogs name is ―Lucky‖—a good name for him because I feel very lucky .

③ 结果状语,多见于―too...to‖,―enough to...‖结构句中。如:

The room needs to be big enough .

【真题演练】

① Before going to the History Museum, our teacher told us_______the public rules. (2010上海市)

A. obey B. to obey C. obeying D. obeyed

② Danny did all kinds of things to make the baby ______.(2010兰州市)

A. to stop crying B. stop crying C. to stop to cry D. stop to cry

③ They were all so tired that they could ______.(2010兰州市)

A. do nothing but sleep B. do anything but sleep

C. do nothing but to sleep D. do anything but to sleep

④ The teachers often tell their pubils_____aeross the road when the traffic light is red. (2010聊城市)

A. not go B. not to go C. don’t go D. didn’t go

⑤ -- What would you like for breakfast ?

-- I like hamburgers. But now I’d like________ some cakes. (2010黄石市)

A. eating B. to eat C. to drink D. drinking

⑥ There are so many kinds of Mp3 in the shop. We can’t decide . (2010眉山市)

A. what to buy B. to buy what C. which to buy D. to buy which

⑦ While I was walking along the lake, I saw some fish _____ out of the water. (2010四川省)

A. jumped B. to jump C. jumping D. are jumping

2. 句子的种类

按照句子的用途,英语句子可分为陈述句、疑问句、祈使句和感叹句。按照句子的结构,英语句子可分为简单句、并列句和复合句。中考对句子的考查主要集中在以下几个方面:

(1) 陈述句的构成形式及基本用法;

(2) 祈使句的构成形式及基本用法;

(3) 一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句、反意疑问句的构成形式及基本用法;

(4) 由what, how引导的感叹句的构成形式、用法及区别。

简单句有一个主语或多个主语和一个谓语;一个主语和多个谓语。并列句是由并列连词连接的两个或多个简单句。复合句指的是含有两个或更多的主谓结构的句子,其中有一个(或更多)主谓结构充当句子的某一(些)成分,如主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语等。主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句、定语从句和状语从句都属于复合句。

三、交际用语

分享问题和提建议

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一、重点词组

1. 与…争吵 2. 目前 3. 上交

4. 集中注意力 5. 按时 6. 放弃

7. 痴迷 8. 收到来信 9. 使我不开心

10. 对…严格 11. 感到有压力 12. 最有价值的

13. 给我提供一些建议 14. 花时间做某事

15. 得到我父母的支持 16. 在两者之间达到平衡

二、句型结构

1. The problem is that I spend so much time doing my homework that I cannot find any time for my

hobbies.(注意 ―花费时间与金钱‖的几种不同的表达方法)

1) Sandy每天花一小时做作业.

Sandy an hour her homework every day.

Sandy an hour her homework every day.

her homework every day.

2) Sandy花3500元买了一个数码相机。

Sandy ¥ a digital camera.

Sandy ¥ a digital camera.

The digital camera Sandy ¥3500.

2. I am crazy about football. (喜欢的几种表达)

1) Andy喜欢打篮球。Andy basketball.

2) Simon痴迷于打电脑游戏。Simon computer games.

3) Amy热爱跳舞。Amy .

3. I wish I could have my parents’ support. (总结wish和hope 的用法及区别)

1) 我多么希望我能到火星上生活。 How I I live on Mars!

2) 我希望收到你的来信。I you.

I you.

三、难点语法

1. I just cannot decide when to do my homework and when to spend time on my hobbies.

Can you please teach me how to achieve a balance between the two?

(总结特殊疑问词加动词不定式的用法以及和宾语从句的转换)

1) Simon不知道该做什么。 Simon doesn’t know .

Simon doesn’t know .

2) Sandy 想知道去哪里征求意见。

Sandy wants to know advicde.

Sandy wants to know advice.

2. 句子的种类(陈述句/疑问句/感叹句/祈使句)

这是多么重要的信息啊! the information is!

information is!

3. 简单句的基本类型。

1) 他们认为约翰是最好的演员。

They consider John the best actor.(把这句变为简单句)

They .

2) 我觉得这篇关于星座的文章有意思。

I the article on star signs (把这句变为复合句)

.

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牛津英语9A Unit 4 复习讲义

1. 这是一个颇为简单的问题。This is a _____________ easy question.

2. 真是相当热的天气。It’s ____________ a hot day.

3. 他是一个相当不错的球员。He is ____________ a good player.

二、语法点拨

1. 表示“时间”的介词短语

between…and…与from…to…都是表示一段时间的介词短语,但用法有些区别。

between... and...―在...和...之间‖,between只能表示―在两者之间‖,谓语动词可以是非延续性动词。 You can come between 8 and 9.你可在8点和9点之间来。

from...to...―从...到...‖,谓语动词用延续性动词。

The party will be from 7:00pm. to 9:00pm.晚会将从7点开始到9点结束。

2. 时间状语从句

时间状语从句的引导词所表示的意思不尽相同, 要注意把握不同的时间状语从句的引导词所表示的不同时间关系, 以及它在具体句子中对应的对应时态、 语态等问题。

(1) when, as, while引导的时间状语从句

① when引导时间状语从句时表示―当……的时候‖,when既可以指时间段也可指时间点,从句

中既可用延续性动词又可用非延续性动词,且动作既可和主句的动作同时发生又可在主句的动作之前或之后发生,注意体会如下例句: I’ll call you when I get there. 我一到那里就给你打电话。When I came home, my wife was cooking dinner. 我回家时,妻子在做晚饭。

② while引导时间状语从句时表示―当……的时候‖, 它强调主句的动作与从句的动作同时持续

地进行, 用于这一用法时while引导的时间状语从句和主句中的谓语动词必须是延续性动词, 或者主句的动作发生在从句动作的进行过程中,主句中的谓语动词通常是非延续性动词,例如: Study while you study; play while you play. 该学习的时候就学习, 该玩的时候就玩。// I met her while I was at school. 当我在学校的时候我遇见了她。

③ as引导时间状语从句时表示―当……时, 一边……一边……‖, 侧重表示两个动作同时发生

(包括一个主语同时进行两个动作), 或者一种动作随着另一种动作的变化而变化。例如: He jumps as he goes along. 他边走边跳。// I saw him as he was getting off the bus. 正当他下公共汽车时, 我看见了他。

(2) before和after 引导的时间状语从句分析:

before引导时间状语从句时表示主句的动作发生在从句动作之前,after引导时间状语从句时表示主句的动作发生在从句动作之后。例如: Before they drive any of the buses, they will have to pass a special test. 在驾驶公共汽车之前,他们必须通过专门测验。// I saw them after I arrived. 在我抵达之后, 我见到了他们。

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(3) till和 until 引导的时间状语从句分析:

till和 until这两个词作连词和介词时的意义和用法相同, 一般可以换用(放在句首时通常用until的形式, till在口语中更为常见)。till和 until引导时间状语从句时跟主句里肯定形式或否定形式的、 表示延续性动作的谓语动词连用表示―到……为止‖, 跟主句里否定形式的、 表示非延续性动作的谓语动词连用表示―直到……才(开始)‖, 例如: Walk till you come to a white house. 一直走到一座白房子为止。// We didn’t discuss the problem until he came back. 我们一直等到他回来后才讨论问题。

(4 )since引导的时间状语从句分析:

since引导的时间状语从句表示―自从……以来‖, 其用法主要有两种:

① 现在完成时的主句+since引导的一般过去时态的时间状语从句。例如:

They have been friends ever since they were in grade school. 他们从小学起就一直是好朋友。 What have you been doing since I last saw you? 自我上次和你见面以后, 你在做什么?

② It be(主句中谓语用一般式和用完成式区别不大, 后者更具强调意味)+表示一段时间的词汇

+since引导的时间状语从句。例如:

It is two years since I became a postgraduate student. 我成为研究生已经有2年了。

It was three years since we had been there. 我们在那儿已呆了三年。

3. 副词的比较等级

参照形容词的比较等级

① --Why don’t you like winter in Beijing?

广东省)

A. as cold as B. much colder than

C. not so cold as D. not colder than

② Dear students, please read every sentence carefully. _________ you are, _________ mistakes you’ll

make. (2010兰州市)

A. The more carefully, the fewer B. The more careful, the less

C. The more carefully, the less D. The more careful, the fewer

③ --What’s the low-carbon life style like?

--Save______energy, produce_______carbon. (2010黄冈市)

A. more; more B. less; more C. less; less D. more; less

④ --Did you love your day trip? --Yes, we enjoyed the roller coaster_______of all. (2010南京市)

A. most B. little C. more D. less

⑤ --Would you please drive_______, Nick? It’s a little late.

--I’d like to, but safety must come first. (2010三明市)

A. more slowly B. more quickly C. more carefully

⑥ --Why do you always watch Channel 10 instead of Channel 5, Grandpa?

--The programs on Channel 10 are _______better. (2010泰安市)

A. more much B. much more C. more D. much

⑦ She is very good at painting. She can paint _______ her teacher. (2010青海省)

A. as better as B. as well as C. as good as D. so well as

三、交际用语

谈论喜爱的电视节目

① --What kind of TV programmes do you like best?

--I like watching programmes about animals. I find them interesting.

② –How much time do you spend watching TV every day?

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--About half an hour.

15

牛津英语9A Unit 4 基础训练

一、重点词组

1. 最新消息 2. 自杀 3. 一周摘要

4. 例如 5. 现场直播 6. 发消息到

7. 近距离观看 8. 因…而获奖 9. 网上选举

10. 一部恐怖片 11. 自杀 12. 充满恐惧

13. 许多 14. 包括了不同的运动

15. 即将到来的星期六 16. 觉得这个节目有点无聊

17. 很容易受到惊吓 18. 一部一小时的纪录片

19. 两张免费的音乐会的票 20. 觉得这个节目有点无聊

二、句型结构

1. If you are not a football fan, you might find this week’s programme a bit boring.

2. If you are an animal lover, you might find this programme a bit disturbing.

如果你上课认真听讲,你就会发现学英语很简单。If you listen to the teacher carefully in class, you will learn English.

3. In a film, a doctor is found dead in his hourse. (总结dead、die、death、dying的用法)

1) 他的奶奶在一个冬天的早晨去世了。 on a cold winter morning.

2) 他的奶奶去世五年了。 His grandma for five years.

3) 他的奶奶的死让他很伤心。 His grandma’s made him very sad.

4) 有人在房里发现他的奶奶时,她快要死了。in her room.

三、难点语法

1. from…to 和between…and 的用法

1) 请告诉他在八点到九点之间给我打电话。Please tell him to call

me

2) 我们每星期天从上午8点到12点上课。12:00 every Sunday

morning.

2. not …until的用法以及与when 、before 、after从句的转换

昨天我做完作业后才睡觉。I went to bed I finished my homework yesterday.

I to bed I finished my homework yesterday.

3. while,as 的用法。

1) 当Millie在看电视的时候,Eddie正在睡觉。

Millie .

2) 当Millie看电视的时候,Andy打开了门。

Millie TV, Andy the door.

3) 当Millie坐在沙发上的时候,Andy走进了教室。

Millie down on the sofa, Andy into the classroom.

4. 副词的比较级、最高级的用法与构成,。

副词的比较级、最高级的构成与形容词相仿,但是,以后缀ly结尾的副词要用more 和most.

如:easily, more easily,most easily

1) Friendship中的就演员比Spacemen on Earth中的演员演得好。

The actors in Friendship act than in Spacemen on Earth.

2)北京的天气比南京的天气干燥.The weather in Beijing is in Nanjing.

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牛津英语9A Unit 5 复习讲义

(1) 基本用法

① 表示在过去某一时刻或动作以前完成了的动作,也可以说过去的时间关于过去的动

作。即―过去的过去‖。可以用by, before等介词短语或一个时间状语从句来表示,也可以用一个表示过去的动作来表示,还可能通过上下文来表示。例如:We had already learned two thousands words by the end of last year.

到去年年底,我们已经学了两千个单词。

② 表示由过去的某一时刻开始,一直延续到过去另一时间的动作或状态,常和for, since

构成的时间状语连用。例如:When we arrived at the station, they had waited for more than twenty minutes. 当我们到达车站的时候,他们已经等了二十多分钟。

③ 叙述过去发生的事情,在已叙述了过去发生的事情后,反过来追述或补述以前发生的

动作时,常使用过去完成时。 例如: Mr. Smith died yesterday. He had been a good friend of mine. 史密斯先生昨天去世了。他以前是我的好友。

④ 在含有定语从句的主从复合句中,如果叙述的是过去的事,先发生的动作常用过去完

成时。例如: I returned the book that I had borrowed. 我已归还了我借的书。

⑤ 过去完成时常常用在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句(或间接引语)

中,这时从句中的动作发生在主句表示的过去的动作之前。 例如: He said that he had known her well. 他说他很熟悉她。

⑥ 由when, before, after, as soon as, till/until引导的在状语从句中, 在过去不同时间发生

的两个动作中,发生在前,用过去完成时; 发生在后,用一般过去时。例如: When I woke up, it had already stopped raining. 我醒来时雨已停了。

⑦ 动词think, want, hope, mean, plan, intend等用过去完成时来表示过去未曾实现的想法,

希望,打算或意图等。 例如: They had wanted to help but could not get there in time. 他们本来打算去帮忙,但没有及时赶到那里。

(2) 动词构成

had + 过去分词

(3) 句式变化

【真题演练】

① When we got to Yushu airport, we were told that they more than 500 people from the

ruins(废墟) by earthquake.( 2010四川达州)

A. has saved B. saved C. had saved D. have saved

D. have left ② The teachers_____the office for a few minutes when we arrived. We didn’t meet them.(2009常州) A. had been away from B. had left C. have been away from

2. 如何“提建议”

英语中表示―提建议‖的用法很多,常见的有以下几种:

17

(1) 用―shall we / I+动词原形‖提建议或征求意见,表示―我们…好吗?‖

Shall we go and see a film tonight? 我们今晚去看电影好吗?

Shall I open the window? 我可以打开窗户吗?

(2) 用―Let’s(not)+动词原形‖提出自己的建议,表示―让我们做…吧!‖如:

Let’s have a rest. 让我们休息一下吧。

Let’s go and have a picnic this Sunday. 这个星期天让我们去野餐吧。

Let’s not go to bed so late tomorrow. 我们明天不要这么迟睡觉了。

(3) 用―Why not+动词原形或Why don’t we / you+动词原形‖提出看法,征求对方意见,也可用

Why not+时间状语或地点状语,表示―你/我们干吗不…?‖

Why not come a little earlier? 为什么不来得早点呢?

Why don’t we go out for a walk? 我们为什么不出去散散步呢?

Why don’t you to go to your teacher for help?? 你为什么不去你老师那儿求助呢?

Why not at the school gate? 学校门口怎么样?

Why not the day after tomorrow? 后天怎么样?

(4) 用―Would you like+名词或动词不定式‖征求对方的意见,表示―你想要…吗?‖

Would you like something to eat? 你要来点吃的吗?

Would you like to come with us? 你愿意和我们一起去吗?

(5) 用―What / How about+名词或动名词‖提出建议,表示―…怎么样?‖。

What about playing basketball now? 现在打篮球怎么样?

How about 11:00? 十一点怎么样?

(6) 用―Will / Would you please+动词原形‖来提出看法,表示―请你…好吗?‖。

Will you please turn off the lights? 请你关上灯好吗?

Would you please help me with my maths? 你能帮我学数学吗?

(7) 用―had better+(not)动词原形‖表示委婉的建议,译为―最好…。‖

It’s cold outside. You’d better put on your coat. 外面很冷,你最好穿上外套。

You’d better take this medicine three times a day and drink more water.

你最好吃这个药一天三次,多喝水。

(8) 用祈使句―Don’t +动词原形‖表示自己对某事的强烈看法,译为―不要做…‖。

Don’t play football in the street, or you’ll get hurt. 不要在街上踢足球,否则你会受伤的。 Don’t climb that tall tree. It’s very dangerous. 不好爬那棵大树,很危险的。

(9) 用―It’s time for you to+动词原形‖表示―是你…的时候了。‖

It’s time for you to do your homework. 你该做家庭作业了。

It’s time for you to have your hair cut. 你该剪头发了。

(10) 用―should / must / ought to+动词原形‖表示―应该做…‖。

You should work hard or you’ll fall behind others. 你应该努力工作,否则会落后的。

You ought to have a good rest and drink more water. 你应该好好休息,多喝水。

【真题演练】

① Why not an English club to practice English?( 2010四川达州)

A. to join; to speak B. join; speaking C. join; to speak D. to join; speaking

② --Shall we go to visit the Museum of Natural History first? -- ______ .(2003安徽省)

A. Yes, we do B. Yes! Let’s go C. No, you shan’t D. It’s pity

三、交际用语

谈论电影

18

19

一、重点词组

1. 不但…而且 2. 在很小的时候 3. 进入演艺界

4. 被改编成 5. 扮演主角 6. 标志着…的开始

7. 不久以后 8. 被选择做某事 9. 巨大的成功

10.在某人的一生中 11.超越 12.奉献

13.最后一次出现在 14. 在她的整个演艺生涯中

15.通过向我们展示大自然的美 16. 授予某人….奖

17.把某人全部的精力倾注于 18. 吸引某人的注意力

二、句型结构

1. She is famous not only in the USA, but also in other parts of the world.

(注意not only…but also…的用法:谓语的确就近原则)

1)不仅Kitty喜欢跳舞,而且我也喜欢跳舞。Not only Kitty but also I dancing.

2) 不仅我喜欢跳舞,而且Kitty也喜欢跳舞。2. Her dream was to become a successful ballet dancer.

1) 他的职责是介绍每一位明星。 each star.

2) 我的工作是照顾这些孩子。My job is these children.

3) 我的愿望是成为一个画家。My wish is an artist.

3. She began taking ballet lessons at a very young age.

At the age of 63, Audrey passed away peacefully, in her sleep.

(总结at的用法)

1) 当Edison很小的时候,他总是喜欢问问题。

,Edison liked asking questions.

, he liked asking questions.

2) 在伏明霞14岁的时候,她获得了奥运会冠军。

, Fu Mingxia won the Olympic Champion.

, Fu Mingxia won the Olympic Champion.

4. She had put all her effort into ballet training before she entered the film industry.

注意: 1)了解过去完成时的用法;2)enter不能和into连用 enter=come/go into

当老师进入教室的时候,学生们正在读英语。

the classroom, the students were reading English.

the classroom, the students were reading English.

三、难点语法

1. 用should, ought to, had better, must, have to 表示建议。

2. 用why not, why don’t you, perhaps表示建议。

1) 你为什么不去电影院? go to the cinema? go to the cinema?

2) 你最好呆在家里,休息一会儿。 and have a rest.

3) 晚上你最好不要独自一人外出。You alone at night.

4) 看电影的时候,你必须保持安静。 keep quiet while watching the film.

5) 12岁以下孩子不必买票。 Children under 12 6) 你必须买票进博物馆。You

20

牛津英语9A Unit 6 复习讲义

引语;用自己的语言转述别人的话,不需要引号这叫做间接引语,实际上间接引语大都是宾语从句(其中由祈使句转换的间接引语除外,其转换后是不定式)。那么直接引语为陈述句、一般疑问句、特殊疑问句和祈使句,转换为间接引语时,句子的结构,人称、时态、时间状语和地点状语等都要有变化,如何变化呢?

1. 人称的转变 (口诀:一随主,二随宾,三不变)

人称的转换不是固定的,具体情况,具体对待,要符合逻辑。 2. 时态的转换

直接引语改为间接引语时,主句中的谓语动词如果是过去时,从句(即间接引语部分)的谓语动词在时态方面要作相应的变化,变成过去时范畴的各种时态(实际也是宾语从句的

(1) 当主句的谓语动词是一般现在时的时候。 (2) 当主句的谓语动词是将来时的时候。

(3) 当直接引语部分带有具体的过去时间状语时,如:

He said, ―I went to college in 1994.‖ ——

>He told us that he went to college in 1994. (4) 当直接引语中有以when, while引导的从句,表示过去的时间时,如: He said,―When I was a child, I usually played football after school.‖ ——> He said that when he was a child, he usually played football after school. (5) 当直接引语是客观真理或自然现象时。 (6) 当引语是谚语、格言时。

(7) 当直接引语中有情态动词should, would, could, had better, would rather, might, must,

ought to, used to, need时,如:The doctor said, ―You'd better drink plenty of water.‖ ——>

The doctor said I'd better drink plenty of water.

(8) 此外转述中的变化要因实际情况而定,不能机械照搬,如果当地转述,here不必改

为there, 动词come不必改为go,如果当天转述yesterday, tomorrow, this afternoon等均不必改变。如:

Teacher: You may have the ball game this afternoon. Student: What did the teacher say, Monitor?

Monitor: He said we might have the ball game this afternoon. 4、时间状语、地点状语及某些对比性的指示代词和动词变化

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(3) 地点状语:here变成there

She said, ―I won't come here any more.‖——> She said that she wouldn’t go there any more..

(4) 动词:come变成go,bring变成take

5、直接引语变成间接引语,句子结构的变化

(1) 陈述句。用连词that引导,that在口语中常省略。主句的谓语动词可直接用引语中的said, 也可用told来代替,注意,可以说said that, said to sb. that, told sb. that,不可直接说told that, 如:

He said, ―I have been to the Great Wall.‖ ——>He said to us that he had been to the Great Wall.

He said, ―I'll give you an examination next Monday.‖——>

He told us that he would give us an examination the next Monday.(不可说told that) 此外主句中的谓语还常有:

repeat, whisper, answer, reply, explain, announce, declare, think等,又如:

He said,―I'm late because of the heavy traffic.‖——> He explained to us that he was late because of t-he heavy traffic.

如果间接引语是由that引导的两个或两个以上的并列从句,第一个连词可以省略,以后的连词一般不省略,以免混乱。

The doctor said, ―You are not seriously ill, You will be better soon.‖——>

The doctor said(that)I was not seriously ill and that I would be better soon.

(2) 直接引语为一般疑问句, 间接引语用连词whether或if引导,原主句中谓语动词said要改为asked(me/him/us等),语序是陈述句的语序,这一点非常重要。

He said, ―Do you have any difficulty with pronunciation?‖——>

He asked(me)whether/if I had any difficulty with my pronunciation.

(3) 直接引语为选择疑问句,间接引语用whether…or…表达,而不用if…or…,也不用either…or…. 如:

He asked, ―Do you speak English or French?‖——> He asked me whether I spoke English or French..

I asked, ―Will you take bus or take train?‖——> I asked him whether he would take bus or take train.

(4) 直接引语为特殊疑问句,改成间接引语时,原来的疑问词作为间接引语的连词,主句的谓语动词用ask(sb.)来表达,语序改为陈述句语序。如:

He asked,―What's your name?‖——> He asked(me)what my name was.

He asked us, ―How many car factories have been built in your country?‖——>

He asked us how many car factories had been built in our country.

(5) 直接引语为祈使句时,改为间接引语,用带to的不定式表达,谓语动词常是ask, advise, tell, warn, orde-r, request等。如ask sb. to do,(由肯定祈使句变成)ask sb. not to do(由否定祈使句转变),并且在不定式短语中的时间状语、地点状语、人称及时态都作相应的变化。如:

He said,―Be seated, please.‖——> He asked us to be seated.

―Do be careful with your handwriting.‖ He said. ——> He told me to be careful with my handwriting.

―Never come here again!‖ said the officer nearby. ——>

The officer ordered the villagers never to go there again.

―Don't touch anything in the lab without permission,‖ the teacher said. ——>

The teacher warned the students not to touch anything in the lab without permission.

(6) 有些含有―建议‖、―劝告‖的祈使句,可用suggest, insist, offer等动词转述,如: He said, ―Let's have a rest.‖——> He suggested our having a rest.

He said, ―Let me help you.‖——> He offered to help me.

(7) 当直接引语形式上是疑问句,有表示请求,建议意义时,可用ask sb. to do sth. /suggest doing/advise sb. to do sth. 等形式转述。如:

―Would you mind opening the door?‖ he asked. ——>He asked me to open the door.

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―Why not going out for a walk?‖ he asked us. ——>

He advised us to go out for a walk. 或He suggested we go out for a walk.

(8) 直接引语是感叹句时,变间接引语可用what或how引导,也可用that引导,如:

She said, ―What a lovely day it is!‖——> She said what a lovely day it was. 或She said that it was a lov-ely day.

【小试牛刀】

1. He asked me ________ with me.

A. what the matter is B. what the mater was C. what’s the matter D. what was the matter

2. He asked ________ for the computer.

A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid

三、交际用语

谈论―谁是绑架者‖

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牛津英语9A Unit 6 基础训练

一、重点词组

1.发生 2.被刀袭击

3.流血而死 4.结果

5.展开了殊死搏斗 6.犯有…的罪行

7.被指控 8.闯入

9.树敌 10.气喘吁吁

11.在案发时 12.悬赏

13.通向 14打电话与警方联系15.到目前为止 16.别的某个地方17.不同寻常的现象 18.特别感兴趣19.死得很惨 20.有证据证明二、句型结构

1. He was last seen leaving his office in New Town at about 7p.m.

(be seen doing与be seen to do的区别及用法)

1) 昨天晚上10点有人看见这个嫌疑犯跑进了那栋大楼。

The suspect into that building at 10 p.m. yesterday evening. 2) 有人经常看到Kitty练习打篮球。

Kitty basketball.

2. They are not sure whether the victim was killed somewhere else and then brought to Valley Town, or killed at the place where he was found.(注意whether与if的用法)

1)我想知道你明天是否能来。I wonder you can come tomorrow.

2) 我们还不确定Simon明天是来还是不来。We are not sue Simon will come or not.

三、难点语法

1.容易混淆词的比较和用法come/go, take/bring, hear/listen, watch/see/look

1) 请把报纸拿给我。Please me the newspaper.

2) 请把目击证人带到左边的房间。Please the witness to the room on the right.

3) 警方认真地听目击者讲话。 The police carefully to the witness.

4) 你能听到我说的吗?Can you me?

5) 警方正在观察嫌疑人的一举一动。The police 6) 卢探长仔细地看着小刀。Detective Lu the knife carefully.

7) 你看见一个人沿着阿佩尔街道在跑吗?Did you a man running down Upper Street?

2. 直接引语改成间接引语时一些时间状语和时态的变化。(尤其要注意引述客观真理)

1) 地理老师说地球围绕着太阳转。The geography teacher said the earth around the

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sun.

2) 老师叫我们不要再玩电脑游戏了。

Teacher computer games. 将下列句子改成间接引语。

1) I asked my son, ― Do you like your school?‖

.

2) Mr Dong asked, ―Will the school sports meeting be held tomorrow?‖

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