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Unit 1知识清单 (修改)

发布时间:2014-06-27 14:30:19  

八年级下期 Unit1 知识清单

重点短语:

go to the mountains/the beach 去爬山/去海滩 go to summer camp 去夏令营

long time no see. 好久不见 go somewhere interesting去某个有趣的地方 quite a few(=many)相当多的 taste good/great 尝起来不错 most of the time 大多数时间 buy sth. for oneself为自己买某物

there’s nothing to do but do sth.除了…只能做 … Bye for now. 再见

be/get bored with …对…厌倦 do something special 做一些特别的事 fnd sth. enjoyable 发现…很有趣 decide to do sth决定做….

try paragliding 尝试滑翔伞 feel like sth 感觉像; 想要

feel like doing sth. 想要做 make a difference 区别;有影响

keep a diary 记日记 the Chinese traders 中国商人

in the past 在过去 another two hours 再/又两个小时

get to the top of the hill 到达山顶 bring back sth. from sp. 从某地带回某物

find out 查明/查出事情真相 jump up and down in excitement 激动地跳上跳下 come up 出来 keep doing sth.坚持/一直做….

重点句型:

1. Where did you go on vacation? I went to ….

2. Did you go anywhere interesting?

3. Did you buy anything special?

4 Did everyone have a good time?

5. What did you do on vacation?

6.How was the food/weather?

知识点讲解

1.Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪里度假了?

What are you doing for vacation? 在假期你要干什么?

On vacation 意为“度假,在假期中” for vacation 表示“未来的假期,强调要去度假但还未动身去或整动身去”

2. 不定代词 some, any, no, something, someone,anything,anyone, nothing, no one等 做主语是谓语用单数;不定代词的修饰语放其后。

e.g. Did you buy something special during summer vacation ?

There’s nothing interesting in this book.

Everything is ready for the coming festival.

不定副词somewhere, anywhere, nowhere修饰语放其后。

e.g. I want to go somewhere relaxing this summer vacation.

3.quite a few =many 后接可数名词的复数形式。

e.g. There are always quite a few Chinese tourists in almost every travel spotlight in the world.

4. Everything tasted really good. 每样东西尝起来都好吃。

联系动词taste、look、 sound、smell、feel、keep 后面接形容词构成系表结构。

This piece of music sounds beautiful.

The lake looks so wonderful from the top of the hill.

Eat more vegetables and fruit to keep healthy.

5. I didn’t buy anything for myself. 我没有为自己买什么。

反身代词myself ,yourself, herself, himself ,itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves 可以在句子中作同位语、宾语、表语。

常见短语:teach oneself, buy oneself, help oneself, enjoy oneself ,dress oneself , etc.

6. The only problem was that there was nothing much to do in the evening but read. 唯一的问题是晚上除了读书没有其他事可做。

⑴此句中that引导的是表语从句,that不可以省略。E.g. My biggest [problem is that I’m too busy. ⑵there’s nothing to do but do .“除了….无事可做”,相当于have nothing to do but do

e.g. He had nothing to say but listen to his mother on this problem.

“nothing but ” 译为“只是,仅仅”e.g. We can do nothing but wait for the news.

I want nothing but a cup of cold drink.

7.What activities do you find enjoyable? 你觉得什么活动有趣呢?

⑴enjoy +able→ enjoyable (adj.)类似的还有 countable, changeable, moveable, etc.

⑵ find +宾语+宾语补足语(名词,形容词,Ving形式)

I find Jack a good boy. Don’t you find him too excited today?

He found watching English movies helpful for his study.

I found a little cat lying in the corner of the room.

8. It was sunny and I decided to go to the beach near our hotel.天气晴朗,我决定去我们宾馆附近的海滩去。

短语:decide to do sth= make a decision to do sth. 决定做某事

I decided to have a talk with his parents about his schoolwork.= I made a decision to have a talk with his parents about his schoolwork.

9. I felt like I was a bird.我感觉我像只鸟儿。

feel like ⑴ “感觉像”, 后接名词,名词性短语或者宾语从句。

He felt like a scared sheep speaking in front of so many people.

⑵feel like doing sth=want to do sth.

I felt like eating hot pot after being away from Sichuan for a month.

10.I wonder what life was like here in the past.

此句中,wonder “想知道, 对…..感到怀疑” 相当于“want to know”后面常跟宾语从句或者由w/h + to do 做宾语。

He wondered how to tell his mother the sad news.

I wonder if I can trouble you to get the book for me .

I’m just wondering where to spend my next vacation.

我真的喜欢绕着这个城镇走走。

我的同学告诉我要继续前进。

已经学过的常见的接动名词作宾语的动词和短语有:enjoy, keep , spend, finish, practice, be busy, feel like , etc.

12.What a difference a day makes!多么不同的一天啊!

感叹句句型:What + (a/an)+(形容词) + 名词 (+主语+谓语)+!

How + 形容词/副词 +(主语+谓语)+!

What an interesting story he told us ! What fine weather it is!

How interesting his story is! How fine the weather is!

13.And because of the bad weather , we couldn’t see anything below.因为天气糟糕,我们没能看到下面的任何东西。

= Because the weather was bad, we couldn’t see anything below.

because conj 后接状语从句 because of 介词短语, 后接名词或者名词短语

14.My father didn’t bring enough money.我爸爸没有带足够的钱。

⑴enough adj, 通常放在名词之前 I don’t have enough time to finish this work.

⑵enough adv, 通常放在形容词或者副词之后 He is kind enough to help me.

⑶ I’ve had enough .Thank you .

15. Then we walked for another two hours before we got to the top .在到达山顶之前,我们又走了两个小时。

Another +数词+名词=数词+more +名词, 表示额外的,增加的数量。

We need another three students to take part in the game.我们还需要三个学生参加这项游戏。 =We need three more students to take part in the game.

16.How did you feel about the trip? 你觉得这次旅行怎么样?

=How did you think of the trip?

=How did you like the trip?

17.My classmates told me to keep going.

keep 用法归纳:

⑴ keep doing sth. 坚持,一直做某事

If you keep trying , you will succeed one day. 如果你坚持尝试,有一天你会成功的!

⑵ keep +宾语+宾语补足语(adj)/ keep+adj

You should keep the classroom clean every day.

That will keep you busy for a long time.

⑶ keep 还有保管的意思。How long can I keep the book?

18. Everyone jumped up and down in excitement .每个人都激动得跳上跳下。

excite(v)→excited(adj) →exciting(adj)→excitement(n)

What excited you so much at the party yesterday?

They were all excited about seeing their classmates after a long summer vacation..

This is an exciting moment for everyone.

On the first day of the new term ,students always talk in excitement.

19.Twenty minutes later, the sun started to come up. 二十分钟之后,太阳开始升起。

later adv, 通常放在一段时间之后,用于过去时的时候,相当于after+一段时间。

Two hours later, we arrived at the small village.= After two hours, we arrived at the small village. Later 还可以单独置于句首,“后来”

Later, we began to understand our teachers.

Come up “走近;出现;发生;上来”

20.It was so beautiful that we forgot about the last five hours.

句型:so+ adj/adv +that +结果状语从句 “如此…..以致于…”

He was so young that he couldn’t go to school.=He was too young to go to school.

=He wasn’t old enough to go to school..

21. Still no one seemed to be bored.

(1)still adv. 此处翻译为“但是”

(2) seem 系动词, “似乎,好像”

用法: seem +n./adj. it seems that….; seem to do ….

You seem happy.

He seems a nice man.

It seems that they know what they are doing.

They seem to know what they are doing.

People aren’t always what they seem to be.

(3) bored adj. “感到厌烦的” be bored with sth/doing sth

boring adj. “令人厌烦的”

He’s such a boring man.

The children quickly got bored with staying indoors.

22. We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people.

wait v. “等,等待”

用法: waif for sb/sth... ; can’t wait to do sth .

I can’t wait to see him again.

He’s waiting for me to make a mistake.

The children can’t wait for Christmas to come.

23. After three hours, someone looked at the map and found out we weren’t anywhere near the top.

(1) look for“寻找”,强调找的动作,是延续性动词

find“找到、发现、感到”,强调找的结果,是非延续性动词。

find out“查明、发现、了解”,指经过认真观察、调查或研究把某事、某物查出来、搞清楚,多用于复杂而不容易直接查出的情况

e.g.I’m looking for my pen.

I find it difficult to learn English well.

Do you find out why Tom was late? Scientists around the world are working to discover a cure for AIDS.

(2) not anywhere near = nowhere near = far from

e.g. we are nowhere near success.

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