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M1U3 Language in use

发布时间:2013-09-29 11:05:34  

Module 1

Wonders of the world
Unit 3

Language in use

一、时态定义: 在英语中, 不同时间发生的动作要用 不同的动词形式来表示, 这每一种不 同的形式就叫做时态。 二、时态的种类: 初中英语主要学习如下6种时态: 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时 现在进行时 过去进行时 现在完成时

三、时态的谓语构成和句式:

一般现在时: He’s at home every day. I study English every morning. We speak Chinese. Uncle Wang reads Tuesday morning. He plays football on Wednesday. am/is/are Are you 15 years old?或 V原形+s/es Does Jim plays computer games every Friday? Jim doesn’t likes playing football. I’m not good at English. 以上句子的谓语部分构成有什么规律?

否定形式: ① am /is /are + not; ②此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词, 则 在其前加don’t, 如主语为第三人称单 数, 则用doesn’t, 同时还原行为动词。 一般疑问句: ①把be动词放于句首; ②用助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称 单数, 则用does, 行为动词变为原形。

一般过去时: I got up at five yesterday. I was in Grade Two last year. Uncle Wang read a book yesterday morning. He played football last Sunday. was/were 或 V原形+-ed Were you 15 years old last year? Did he go to Beijing last night? Jim didn’t do his homework. I wasn’t good at English. 以上句子的谓语部分构成有什么规律?

否定形式: ① was/were +not; ②在行为动词前加didn’t, 同时还原行为动 词时间状语: ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week (year, night, month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc. 一般疑问句: ①was或were放在句首; ②用助动词do的过去式did提问,同时还原 行为动词。

一般将来时: I will study English tomorrow. We shall send her a glass hand-made craft as her birthday gift. I’m going to wash some clothes tomorrow. They are going to visit the Summer Palace next week. am/is/are/going to+do或 Will she visit her old grandpa? Jim won’t stay here long. will/shall+doTuesday. They won’t see the film next 以上句子的谓语部分构成有什么规律? 否定形式: ① am/is/are +not + going to +do; ② will/shall + not + do 一般疑问句: ① be放于句首; ② will/shall提到句首。

现在进行时: They’re singing under the tree now. The boy is playing football. Look! Lucy is riding a new bike today. She isn’t cleaning the window. I’m not doing my homework. Are theam /is/are +V原形-ing old man? Young Pioneers helping the Is she speaking English? 以上句子的谓语部分构成有什么规律?
否定形式:am /is/are +not +doing 一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。

过去进行时: It was raining when they left the station. As she was reading the newspaper, Granny fell asleep. What were you doing in my room? Was he reading th

e book at that time? Was he writing a letter the whole of was /were +V原形-ing afternoon? Were you cooking the dinner while he was playing computer? 以上句子的谓语部分构成有什么规律? 否定形式:was / were + not + doing 一般疑问句:把was或were放于句首。

现在完成时: I have had my lunch. He has learned English since 2001. I have seen this photo. He has taken some beautiful pictures. Have you ever been to Canada? have/has +not+donelately? Have you heard from your family Have you finished your work yet? 以上句子的谓语部分构成有什么规律? 否定形式:have/has + not +done 一般疑问句:have或has放于句首。

小结
时 态 1. 一般现在时 2. 一般过去时 3. 一般将来时 4. 现在进行时 5. 过去进行时 6. 现在完成时 基本结构 动词原形 + s/es be动词is, am, are 动词过去式 will + V am/is /are +Ving was/ were + Ving have /has +P.P

四、时态的用法:

I. 一般现在时 他每天骑自行车去上学。 He goes to school by bike every day. ⑴表示现阶段或经常性的动作、状态。 地球绕着太阳转。 The earth goes round the sun. ⑵表示客观真理。

火车8:50离站。 The train leaves at 8:50. ⑶表示计划、决定、时刻表。 如果你讲得慢点,我就能懂。 If you speak slowly, I understand. 如果明天不下雨, 我们就去野炊。 If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we’ll go on a picnic. ⑷用于时间、条件、方式、让步状 语从句中, 表示将要发生的动作。

II. 一般过去时 我上个月见他了。 I met him last month. 她去年是13岁。 She was 13 years old last year. 今天早上你见我手表了吗? Did you see my watch this morning? ⑴ 表示过去完成的事或存在的状态。

他昨晚喝了红酒,吃了很多食物, 很晚才离开。 He drank red wine, ate a lot of food and left very late last night. ⑵ 描述几个相继发生过的动作。 从我们上次见面到现在,你没有太 多改变。 You haven’t changed much since we last met. 从他出国到现在,已经三天了。 It’s three days since he went abroad. ⑶ since 从句常用过去时。

III. 一般将来时 我将明天见你。 I will see you tomorrow. 明天是星期天。 Tomorrow will be Sunday. ⑴表示将要发生的事情。 他打算长大后当一名医生。 He is going to be a doctor when he grows up. ⑵ be going to do sth 表示打算、 想要、准备做某事。

IV. 现在进行时 —你在这里做什么? —我正在写信。 —What are you doing here? —I am writing a letter. ⑴表示说话时动作正在进行着。

工人们正在建一个体育馆。 The workers are building a gymnasium. ⑵表示现阶段内(说话时不一定进行) 正在进行的动作。

V. 现在完成时 他到了。 He has arrived. 我刚从美国回来。 I have just come back from the U. S. 他已经吃过午饭了。 He has already had lunch. 他的哥哥还没回来

。 His brother hasn’t come back yet. ⑴表示动作已发生, 这个动作的结果对现 在仍有影响,常与already, yet, now, just, by this time等时间状语连用。

我学习英语已经6年多了。 I have learned English for more than 6 years.
我们从孩提时候就相互认识了。 We have known each other since childhood.

⑵表一个动作从过去发生,一直持续到现在。

请看现在完成时的其他用法: have been in (to)和have gone to 的用法区别

布朗先生来北京已经有三天了。 Mr Brown has been in Beijing for three days. 你去过伦敦吗? Have you been to London? — 汤姆在哪里? — 他到书店去了。 —Where is Tom? —He has gone to the bookshop.

⑴have (has) been in 意为“已经在某地待 了多久”, 常与表示一段时间的状语连用。 have (has) been to 意为 “曾经去过某地”, 表示现在已经不在那里了, 可与just, ever, never 等连用。have gone to 意为“到某地 区了”, 表示到了某地或或正在去某地的 途中。一般不用第一、第二人称代词作句 子的主语。

终止性动词和持续性动词 为下列句子选出正确的英文翻译。 1. 他来北京五天了。 He has been in Beijing for 5 days. He has come to Beijing for 5 days. 2. 这本书他买了一年了。 He has had this book for a year. He has bought this book for a year. 3. 这本书他借了三天了。 He has kept the book for 3 days. He has borrowed the pen for three days.

√ × √ × √ ×

现在完成时与一般过去时的用法比较 The plane has arrived. 飞机已经来了。(说明现在的情况:飞机 已经在这儿。) The plane arrived a quarter of an hour ago. 飞机一刻钟以前抵达的。(强调动作发生 的时间在过去)
现在完成时表示过去的动作对现在造成 的影响;一般过去时表示动作发生的时 间在过去。

Explain the difference in meaning between Sentences a) and b). 1. a) I often play basketball. It is what I do regularly. b) I’m playing basketball now. It is what I’m doing now. 2. a) She’s gone to the Great Wall. She is still at the Great Wall. b) She’s been to the Great Wall twice. She has come back from the Great Wall.

3. a) They had an English class yesterday. They did it once in the past. b) They were having an English class at nine o’clock yesterday morning. They were doing something at a specific time. 4. a) He’s doing an interview. He’s doing the interview now. b) He’s done an interview. He has already finished the interview. 5. a) We’re making a poster about the Great Wall now. making the poster now. They’re b) We’ll make a poster about the They will make it in the future.

Match the three parts of the sentences.
1 They all 2 Many people 3 They 4 The Great Wall 5 Daming 6 The sun 7 Tony is visit are talking watched was rising has started will write

when he saw the Grand Canyon. this ancient wonder every year. about the school magaz

ine at the moment. about 6,700 kilometres long. some music reviews. his homework. television yesterday evening.

Keys : 1 They all watched television yesterday evening. 2 Many people visit this ancient wonder every year. 3 They will write some music reviews. 4 The Great Wall is about 6,700 kilometres long. 5 Daming has started his homework. Daming watched television yesterday evening. 6 The sun was rising when he saw the Grand Canyon. 7 Tony will write some music reviews. Tony watched television yesterday evening.

以上我们已经通过归纳总结和练习对

本课的语法内容有一定的了解, 下面
就让我们根据之前练习的考察情况进

一步选择讲解该语法项的重难点。

1. —Hello! Could I speak to Lily? —Sorry, she is not in. She _______ Shanghai. A. have been to B. have gone to C. has been to D. has gone to (2013 广东湛江) 2. —Sam, let’s go and play basketball. —Not now. I _______ Dick with his English. A. help B. helped C. am helping D. have helped (2013 浙江台州)

3. —Do you like seeing a movie on your mobile phone? —No. I ______ do that because it makes me uncomfortable. A. seldom B. often C. usually D. sometimes (2013 山东菏泽 )

4. —Linda, I called you this morning, but nobody answered the phone. —I’m sorry. I ____ football with my friends then. A. play B. played C. am playing D. was playing (2013 山东菏泽 )

5. On the top of the hill _________ an ancient tower with a history of more than 1,000 years. A. stood B. ran C. came D. lived (2013 浙江金华)

6. —May I speak to Mr. Morgan? —Sorry. He _____ on the farm. (2011 浙江绍兴) A. works B. worked C. is working D. has worked 7. —When can I see the doctor, madam? —Let me see. Sorry, you __ your turn, so you’ll have to wait again. (2012 浙江金 华) A. are missing B. have missed

8. —Why didn’t you go to play football with us yesterday afternoon? (山东菏泽市) — I __ my mother with the housework then. A. helped B. was helping C. had helped D. have been helping 9. —Did you give Tom a phone call? —Yes, I did. But nobody ____. (河南省) A. answer B. answered C. will answer D. had answered

10. —Mary, could you tell me if your mother _____ our school sports meeting tomorrow? —I think she will come to school if she __ free. (2011 山东滨州市) A. will take part in; will be B. takes part in; is C. will take part in ; is D. takes part in; will be

动词填空。 阅读下面短文, 用括号内所给动词的适当 形式填空(必要时可加情态动词或助动词)。

文档链接:

Complete the passage with the correct form of the words. The sun _________ (go) down when we was going _______ (arrive) at the bottom of the arrived building. I ____ (be) afraid of heights so was

I ____ (be) a little nervous as we was
___________ (wait) for the lift to the top. was waiting

The lift ________ (climb) faster and climbed faster until we ________(reach) floo

r reached No 88. The Jin Mao Building in is Shanghai ___ (be) 420.5 meters high, one of the tallest buildings in the world. It was built in 1998 and it ____ (have) has a fantastic view of Pudong District and the center of Shanghai.

But it ___________ (get) dark and we was getting

decided to go back down again. It was ____ (be) high up there, but I wasn’t afraid when I was standing (stand) at the top. ___________ hope I _____(hope) to go to Shanghai again next year, and I’m sure I _________ will want (want) to go up the building again.

Work in pairs. Interview your partner and write answers to the questions you/visit/any wonders of the world? -Have you ever visited any wonders of the world? -Yes, I have. I visited the Great Wall last year. / No, I haven't, but maybe I'll visit one next year.

Student A 1 you/see/the pyramids? 2 where/the pyramids? 3 when/the people in Egypt/build them? 4 what/a wonder of the world in 100 years from now? Student B 1 you/see/the Jin Mao Building? 2 how high/the Jin Mao Building? 3 when/it/open? 4 what/a wonder of the world in 100 years from now?

Talk about the past, present and future of the wonders of the world. Zhouzhuang Village is about 400 kilometres away from Shanghai. Few people knew Zhouzhuang Village in the past. Now a great number of people come to visit every year. Ii believe it will attract more and more people in the future and it may become a wonder of the world.

Choose the best answer. 1. The Changjiang River is about 6,300 kilometers______. a) wide b) tall c) long d) high 2. One of the wonders of the____ world is the pyramids in Egypt. a) old b) natural c) modern d) ancient

3. For my homework I have to write a(n) ________about the wonders of the world. a) music b) picture c) composition d) exam 4. If I work hard, I hope I’ll get good ______. a) grades b) notes c) checks d) answers

5. My favorite _____ is the Beatles and I’ve got lots of CDs. a) concert b) band c) singer d) club 6. Mt. Qomolangma is the _____ mountain in the world. a) highest b) longest c) tallest d) deepest

7. China Daily is an international _____. a) wide b) tall c) long d) high 8. He stood on the _______of the canyon and looked down. a) edge b) path c) bottom d) ground 9. I’ve never _______to the Great Wall.

a) been b) gone c) seen d) come

Work in pair. Look at the photos and the notes. Guess where the notes go in the table.

a c e f h j k l

ancient wonder b natural wonder modern wonder d Egypt border between Nepal and China New York g 8,844.43 metres about 443 metres i about 137metres 102 floors built around 2560 BC first climber: Sir Edmund Hillary,1953

Listen and check.
Mt Empire Qomolan State gma Building The Great Pyramid at Giza

Description
Location Height

b e g l

c f h j

a d i k

Interesting fact

Complete the passage with the correct form of the phrases in the box. all kinds of thousands of come out of on the edge of look forward to listen up too much to … write down

Hello, every

one! I know you're all looking forward to (1)_________________ our visit to Egypt. It's a fascinating country

and there are (2)_____________ things to all kinds of see there. Of course, like (3)____________ thousands of other tourists, we'll visit the pyramids. The pyramids are (4)______________ the on the edge of Sahara Desert. We'll spend as much time as possible there, but there is (5)___ much too __ see in one visit. We'll also visit the to museum in Cairo. We'll be

able to see some of the important treasures coming out of the Valley of the listen up Kings. Now, (6) ________, because I’m going to give you a lot of information. Please (7)__________ the most important write down points, so you don’t forget.

复习六种基本时态 1.一般现在时 2. 一般过去时 3. 一般将来时 4. 现在进行时 5. 过去进行时 6. 现在完成时 动词原形或动词+s/es 动词过去式 will +V am/is /are +Ving was/ were + Ving have /has +P.P

Module task:
Making a poster of a wonder of the world Plan a poster about a wonder of the world. ? Work in groups of four. ? Decide on the wonder of the world you'd like to write about. You can write about one of the wonders in this module or research other wonders in the world.

? Find out as much information as you can in books or on websites. ? Design your poster, and plan how to present the information and pictures. ? Write the text of your poster. Use Unit 2 to help you. ? Present your poster to the class.

Quiz

注: word 文档 点击此处链接

一、用所给动词的适当形式填空。 1. Lily often ______ (do) her homework does in the evening, but now she is watching __________ (watch) TV. 2. They ____________________ (build) will / are going to build a new bridge over the river in the future.

3. They’ll have a trip to the Great Wall if it doesn’t rain rain) tomorrow. __________(not 4. He often ______ (make) all kinds of made model planes when he was a little boy. 5. Sally won’t / isn’t going to play _______________________ (not play) a solo on the Starsearch Concert at the end of this year.

6. You _____still ________ (read) are reading a novel! But it’s time for the meeting. 7. She asked me how ________ (search) to search the internet. 8. They have known (know) each other __________ since they were young boys.

二、用所给提示词改写下列句子。 He is cleaning the classroom right now. (last week) He cleaned the classroom last week.
1. I visited the Stonehenge with my parents last year. (next year) _________________________________ I will / am going to visit the Stonehenge _______________________ with my parents next year.

2. Tony was making a plan for the new magazine. (already) Tony has already made a plan for _____________________________ the new magazine. ___________________________ 3. Does she write a diary of school events every day? (at the moment) _____________________________ Is she writing a diary of school _______________________

______ events at the moment?

4. What will they do during the summer holiday? (yet) _____________________________ What have they done during the _____________________________ summer holiday yet? 5. Betty doesn’t get up early in the morning. (yesterday) Betty didn’t get up early yesterday. ______________________________

三、句型转换。 1. It was so dark that I couldn’t see anything. (同义句转换) too to It was _____dark for me _____ see anything. 2. The Changjiang River is about 6,397 kilometers long. (对画线部分提问) How long _____ ______ is The Changjiang River?

3. He would be back in half an hour.

(对画线部分提问) How soon ______ ______ would he be back? 4. “Am I going the right way?” I asked. (改为间接引语) if/ whether was I asked __________ I ____ going the right way.

Homework
To summarize what we have
learnt in this module and

preview the next Module.


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