海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语


发布时间:2014-07-02 15:19:42  


1, 名词-Noun.

Countable nouns, - singular nouns form plural nouns form

Uncountable nouns

The possessive case of nouns:名词的所有格形式如 mike’s father,复数-the teachers’ room

2, 冠词-article a,(an),the

3, 代词:pronouns;人称代词(personal pronouns) 第一人称:I ,ME , 复数:WE ,US



物主代词:possessive pronouns

形容词性物主代词:my\your\his\her\its\our\your\their 名词性物主代词:mine\yours\his\hers\its\ours\yours\theirs 指示代词;demonstrative pronouns

This\these\that \those

4, 形容词;adjective

5, 数词numeral

Cardinal numbers 基数词:one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty twenty-one twenty-two,

thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred , one hundred and one, two hundred

Ordinal numbers:

First ,second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, twentieth, twenty-first, thirtieth, thirty-ninth, fortieth, fiftieth, sixtieth, seventieth, eightieth, ninetieth, hundredth, one hundred and first.

6, 动词verb: the present simple tense

7, 副词adverb

8, 介词preposition: at \about \before\from \with\in

\after\of\on \to \under

9, 连词conjunction

10, 感叹词interjection

11, 句子的类型:kinds of sentences

陈述句、祈使句(imperative sentences)、感叹句、疑问句 一般疑问句(general questions)一般是指YES\NO回答的疑问句。

特殊疑问句(special questions)是疑问词来提问的句子。如what、why、where\how much\when\what kind \what time \how \who \

the 1)-特指某些人某些事物,2-指双方都知道的人或事物3-指上文提过的人或事物4-用在世界上独一无二 的事

物前4-用在序数和形容词最高级前5-专有名词前6-姓氏复数前7-乐器前8-习惯短语:in the morning

present progressive tense 表示说话瞬间正在进行或发生的动作。现在分词: GO- going. Write- writing, sit-sitting,

simple past tense: 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。常常和过去的时间状语连用如last night. 过去分词:look-looked, live—lived , stop—stopped, study—studied .

at –at six o’clock, at this time,

On-on Sunday\on may 4th\on weekends In-in the afternoon\in spring\in 1949\in the holidays

地点介词: at-at home\at the pool

On-on the wall\on the beach\on the floor

In –in Beijing\in the water\in the photo\in the corner

其他介词:above、under\before\in front of\in the front of\ in the middle of \-behind\near\next to\beside\inside\outside\between\across from(在。。对面)、through\down\at the back of\ in the corner of\

其他介词:about\from\with\of \to\as\like\at(在,对着,以)\for -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

action verbs(行为动词),link verbs(

连系动词)auxiliary verbs(助动词)modal verbs(情态动词)


Must\have to \should(建议)

members of the sentence:1主语-the subject 2-谓语-the predicate 3-表语-the predicative 4-宾语-the object 5-定语-the attribute-6-状语-the adverbial (表示行为发生的时间、地点、目的、方式、程度)相当于副词。

句子类型:types of sentences

简单句;-the simple sentence.

并列句:the compound sentence

复合句:the complex sentence


1- 主谓结果

2- 主谓宾

3- 主谓表如 they are students

4- 主谓+间接宾语+直接宾语

5- 主谓宾补如“he made the boy laugh.

the object clause 如she asked me if she could -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 情态动词:modal verbs

1 may 和might 表示允许或征询对方许可;表示可能性;表示建议,请求,不满,责备。

2 will 和would


Would 表示过去的意愿,表示询问,表示过去的习惯性动作

动词时态;verb tenses

一般将来时:the simple future tense—will

过去进行时:the past progressive tense

现在完成时:the present perfect tense:表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。Has been 与has gone 之间的区别。现在完成时强调的是现在的情况,而过去时强调的是过去的动作和状态。

现在完成进行时—have been +v-ing 表示从过去某一时间开始一直延续到现在的动作。I have been sitting here for an hour. The children have been watching TV since six o’clock.

附加疑问句:反意的附加疑问句: he is a student ,isn’t he ? He did not go there yesterday, did he?

非反意的附加疑问句:you call this a day’s work, do you?

So he wonot pay his bills, wonot he?

直接引语和间接引语:direct speech and reported speech



This—that ,these—those , today—that day ,now—then, this week ---that week, yesterday—the day before, last week—the week before, three days ago—three days before ,tomorrow—the next day, the day after tomorrow—two days later , nest week –the next week, here -there, come –go 直接引语如果是疑问句,变为间接引语时,要把疑问句句序改为陈述句。如果疑问句是一般疑问句,则要用连词whether\if.如:he said: ―are you interested in English‖.—he asked (me) if I was interested in English?

如果是特殊疑问句,如 “what can I do for you”he asked me.---he asked me what he could do for me.

如果是祈使句:“donot smoke in the room ”he said to me .---he told me not to smoke in the room.

状语从句:adverbial clause

时间:as, after, as soon as\before\since\untill\when\whenever\while引导。

原因:as, because , since, 引导

条件:if,unless 引导

比较:as(so) as , than .

结果:so。。that 引导he was so weak that he couldnot work on. 目的:so , so that 引导

让步:although, even though 引导。

----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 不定代词(indefinite pronouns)

Some \any


Either\neither I think either method will work

Did you see peter and jim? No ,I saw neither of them. No ,none



Some ---肯定句

Any –否定及疑问句

Something bad .

过去完成时:the past perfect tense 过去的过去。By the time I got outside , the bus had already left.

动词不定式:做宾语、状语(jim has come to live in china with his parents)\做宾语补足语、做定语、做主语

不定式短语—when to start \where to go\how to use a computer\what to do

不带to的动词: 感官动词;see\hear\watch\feel\notice\使役动词 let\make \have

被动语态: 主动语态(the active voice) 被动语态(the passive voice)

定语从句(the attributive clause)修饰某一名词或代词的从句。先行词(修饰词), 关系代词that(人和物)、which(物)、who\whom\whose,关系副词where\when




Water水---water 浇水


简写 simplification

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。