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初中英语时态练习大全

发布时间:2014-07-03 11:47:49  

英语动词时态的用法及练习

一般现在时

一般现在时基本用法介绍

一般现在时的功能:1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:

天空是蓝色的。___________________ 你是一位学生.______________________

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:我每天六点起床我们每天读英语._________________________________________

3.表示客观现实。如:地球绕着太阳转。 一般现在时的构成 1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:

我是一个男孩。_____________________ 这是我的书包。______________________

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

我们学习英语._________________ 我每天步行上学。______________________________

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she, it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。

如:玛丽喜欢汉语 _______________ 她说英语。__________________________

一般现在时的变化: 1. be动词的变化。 否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:他不是工人。我们不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student? --- Is Li Ping a teacher?

___________________________ ___________________________________

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:我的自行车在哪里?这是什么?___________________ 你多大 ________________________________

2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:

我不喜欢面包。_______________________ 他们不踢足球。___________________________ 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:

他不喜欢汉语。______________________ 她不踢足球。 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

你常常踢足球吗? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:

她骑自行车上班吗?__________________________ - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。

如:你父亲是怎样上班的?_____________________? 他坐公共汽车上班。_______________

动词+s的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

一般现在时用法专练:

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink________go____________stay____________make__________look________have____________pass__________ carry _________come___________ watch___________ plant_____________ fly ___________study___________ brush____________ do_____________ teach__________

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ______(have) dinner at home. 2.Daniel and Tommy ________(be) in Class One.

3.We ___________(not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick ___________(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

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5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup? 6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening. 10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike _______(like) cooking. 12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always _____(do) your homework well. 16. She __________(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE. 18. The child often ____________(watch) TV in the evening.

20. -What day ____________(be) it today? - It’s Saturday.

三、按照要求改写句子

1. I do my homework every day.改为一般疑问句作否定回答)

___________________________________________

2. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,否定回答)

______________________________________

3. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

__________________________________________________________

4. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________________ 对划线部分提问)

______________________________________________________ 对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________________

四、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1. Is your brother speak English? __________________

2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________

3. He like playing games after class. __________________

4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________

5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________

二、现在进行时

1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为:主语 + be(am ,is,are) + 动词ing + …

玲玲正在搬一只箱子。_______________________. 那些男孩正在骑自行车。______________

3.现在进行时的否定句为:主语 + be(am ,is,are)not + 动词ing + …

那些女孩不是在买热狗。____________________.她不是正在写信。_____________________

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句为:Be(Am ,Is, Are) +主语+ 动词ing + … ?

李磊正在做作业吗?_____________________________? Yes,________\ No, ___________.

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:疑问词 + be(am \is\are) +主语 + 动词ing + … ?

他正在那边干什么?___________________________?他在找他的书。__________________

但疑问词当主语时其结构为: 疑问词 + be + 动词ing + …?

谁在房里唱歌?________________________? 是我姐姐。______________________________

动词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook---cooking work---working

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如: run-running, - 2 -

stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习:

一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________run__________swim_________make__________go_________like________write________ski___________

read__________have_________sing______dance_________put_________see________begin________shop___________ buy________ love____________ live_______ take_________ come ________

get_________stop_________ sit ________

二.填空:(用现在进行时态完成)

1. She ______ __________ (walk) now. 2. They ___ _____ (sitt) on the chair. 3. Cindy ____ _________

(watch) TV. 4. Joe ___ _____ (water) in the garden. 5. Look, Nick ____ _____ (come). 6. Listen, she ____ _____ ( sing).

7. Look, the girl ____ _____ (run). 8.My mother and my father ____ _____ (dance).

三.根据汉语意思填空:

1.你要去哪儿啊? Where are you _____? 2.Nick 正在爬攀登架. Nick ______________ (climb) the

jungle gym.

3.他们正在读书. They ____________ books now. 4. 爷爷正在吸烟. Grandpa

_________________(smoke).

5.我在做作业. I _______________ (do) my homework. 6.我妈妈正在做饭.My mother

______________(cook).

7.Jerry在喝柠檬果汁. Jerry ______________ lemon juice. 8.他正在写信. He ________________ a letter.

四.填入be动词的适当形式

1.He _____ drinking water. 2.The eagle _____ flying in the sky. 3.Children _____ playing in the

playground.

4.They _____ working now. 5.I _____ going to the supermarket.

五、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now. 2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom . 4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now? 5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson . 6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

六、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.I’m playing football 对划线部分进行提问)

_____________________________________________

4.对划线部分进行提问)

_________________________________________________

七.用动词的适当形式填空(现在进行时与一般现在时对比练习)

1. She ______________ (go) to school at eight o’clock. 2. It’s six o’clock. They are _____________

supper. (eat)

3. He usually _______________ up at 6:00.(get ) 4. She __________________ (live) in Beijing.

5. They are ______________ (dig) a hole (洞). 6. My father _______________ (mend) his model(模型) plane

these days.

九.造句:

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1).she,the window,open,now.(用现在进行时连词成句.)________________________________

2).is,who,the window,cleaning?(连词成句)__________________________________________

3).She is closing the door now.(改成否定句)______________________________________

4.)You are doing your homework.(用"I"作主语改写句子)_____________________________

5).they,the tree,sing,now,under.(用现在进行时连词成句.)__________________________

6).The Young Pioneers are helping the old woman.(改成一般疑问句)_________________

十、用括号中动词的适当形式填空:

1. My parents ____________________(watch)TV now. 2. What _______ your mother _______(do)now?

3. _______ you _______(listen)to music? Yes, I am. 4. Look, Miss Chen __________________ football.(play)

5. Tom and his sister ____________(wait)for you over there. 6. Now Class 3 and Class 4_________(have)a test.

三、一般将来时理论及练习

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:① 主语 + be ( is , am , are) going to + do(动词原形) … ;

李平明天打算去购物。_________________________________________________________

我打算今晚看电视。__________________________________________________

他们这个周末要去公园。________________________________________________________

② 主语 + will + do(动词原形)…

学生们将用计算机来学习。______________________________________________________

我们将会去拜访他。__________________________________________________

三、否定句:① 主语 + be (is , am , are) not going to + do(动词原形) … .

李平明天不打算去购物。________________________________________________________

我不打算今晚看电视。________________________________________________

他们这个周末不去公园。________________________________________________________

②主语 + will not + do(动词原形)… .(will not = won’t)

学生们将不用计算机来学习。____________________________________________________

我们将不会去拜访他。________________________________________________

四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,

①Be (Is , Am , Are)主语 + going to + do(动词原形) … ?

李平明天打算去购物吗?_____________________________________? Yes , ___________

你打算今晚看电视吗? _____________________________? No, _____________

他们这个周末要去公园吗? __________________________________? No, ______________

② Will + 主语 + do(动词原形)… ?

学生们将用计算机来学习吗?_________________________________? Yes, _____________

你们将去拜访他吗?_____________________________? Yes,______________

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。Who 例如:’m going to New York soon. →_____________________________?

2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: afternoon. →______________________________________________________________?

3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed

__________________________________________________________________________?

练习: 一、填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _______ have a picnic with my friends tomorrow. =I ________ have a picnic with my friends tomorrow.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ ____ play basketball.

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= What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

二、改句子。

1. Nancy is going to go camping(野营).(改否定) Nancy ________ going to go camping.

2. I’ll go shopping this afternoon.(改否定)I ___________ go shopping this afternoon .

3. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) ________ _______ ______ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

4. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30. (对划线部分提问) ______ ___ she ______ _____ _____ after school? 同上)

_________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

三、用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

2. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually _____________(watch) TV and _______________(catch) insects(昆虫)?

3. Mary _____________________________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

4. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

5. My mother and I _____________________________(clean) our garden tomorrow.

6.Where ________ your parents ____________________________ (have) lunch tomorrow?

7 .She ________________________________(go fishing ) tomorrow.

四、一般过去时

1. 一般过去时态:表示过去某一时间所发生的动作或存在的状态。谓语动词要用一般过去式。经常与yesterday(昨天), last week(上周), last month(上个月), last year(去年), two months ago(两个月前), the day before yesterday(前天),in 1990 (在1990年), in those days (在那些日子里)等表示过去的时间状语连用。

如:_______________________ (我出生在1990年)。________________________________(你是什么时候去的公园?)

_________________________________________.(我是上周去的公园)

在上面的句子中第一句属于be动词的一般过去时态;第二句和第三句属于实义动词的一般过去时态。

2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)⑵ are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t) ⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子. 否定句:didn’t +动词原形,

如:吉姆昨天没有回家。_______________________________________.

一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。如.吉姆昨天回家了吗?__________________________?

特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形? 如:吉姆昨天干什么了? _______________________________?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?昨天谁回家了?________________________________?

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则动词过去式:

am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

- 5 -

一、写出下列动词的过去式

is,am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________

does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______ throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

二、 句型转换

1. It was exciting. 否定句:____________________

一般疑问句:______________________ 肯、否定回答:_______________________

2. All the students were very excited. 否定句:_____________________________

一般疑问句:______________________________ 肯、否定回答:________________________________

3. They were in his pocket. 否定句:_____________________

一般疑问句:________________________ 肯、否定回答:_________________________________

三、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now. 2. She _______ happy yesterday. 3. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

4. They _______ glad to see each other last month. 5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here. 7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday. 8. Today _____

the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very

excited.

四、句型转换

1. There was a car in front of the house just now. 否定句:_________________________________

一般疑问句:___________________________________ 肯、否定回答:_____________________

五、 中译英

1.昨天我做了作业。 ______________________________________________

2.他上个礼拜去了公园。_____________________________________________

3. 他们刚才在操场上玩。 _______________________________________________

六、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago. 2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _____ (have) a party last night. 4. Nancy _______(pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I _____ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday. 6.They ______ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7._________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.

七、改错

1.How is Jane yesterday? _______________ 2.He go to school by bus last week. ___________________

3.He often goes home at 6:00 last month. _________________

4.I can fly kites seven years ago. __________________ 5.Did you saw my homework yesterday? ____________

九、写出下列动词的三单现、过去式和现在分词

get _______ _______ _______ walk ________ _______ ________ play ______ ______ _______

write _______ ______ ______ swim_______ _____ _______ - 6 -

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