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专题复习-感叹句

发布时间:2014-07-03 14:09:19  

感叹句

感叹句是表示喜、怒、哀、乐等感情的句子。感叹句一般用 how 或 what 开头。

一、 what 引导的感叹句结构有三种:

1. What + (a/an) + 形容词 + 可数名词单数 + 其它!

例:_______ ______great _______ you missed the lecture again!

你又一次错过了讲座,真是太遗憾了!

2. What + 形容词 + 可数名词复数 + 其他!

例:____________ ___________ ___________ you bought us!

你给我们买的书真有趣!

3. What + 形容词 + 不可数名词 + 其他!

例:_________fine _________ it is!

多么晴朗的天气呀!

二、 how 引导的感叹句结构有:

1. How + 形容词 + 主语 + 谓语!

例:_________ __________the flowers are!

这些花是多么美丽呀!

2. How + 副词 + 主语 + 谓语!

例 :_______ ________it is raining!

雨下得是多么大呀!

3. How + 主语 +谓语!

例:______ time flies!

时间过得真快啊!

三. 两者用法的区别

how 和 what 都用来引导感叹句,它们有什么区别呢?

how 在这里是一个副词,用来修饰______ 或________;而 what 是用来修饰_______的, 所以即使是同样的句子, how 和 what 引导的句子结构是不一样的。

关于感叹句 what 和 how 的区别:

1、 由"what"引导的感叹句:"what"意为"多么"用作定语,修饰名词(被强调部分),单数可数名词前要加不定冠词a/an,复数可数名词或不可数名词前不用冠词。这类句子的结构形式是:

what+(a/an)+adj.+n.+主语+谓语+(it is).

如: ① What a clever girl she is! 多么聪明的姑娘呀!

2、由"how"引导的感叹句:"how"意为"多么",用作状语,修饰形容词或副词(被强调部分)。如果修饰形容词,则句中的谓语动词用系动词;如果how修饰副词,则句中的谓语动词用行为动词,这类句子的结构形式是: How + adj.(adv.)+主语+谓语+(it is).

如: How cold it is today! 今天多么冷呀!

How well the girl sings! 这个女孩唱得真好啊!

3、在表示同一意义时,英语感叹既可用"what"引导,也可用"how"引导。如: _______ _______ hot day it is!

________ hot the day is !

4、感叹句在表示激动强烈的感情时,口语中常常采用省略句,其后面的主语和谓语往往略去不讲。

如: What a fine day(it is)! 多么晴朗的天呀!

同义句改写

(1) 多美丽的一朵玫瑰花呀!

How beautiful a rose is!

______ _______ _______ _______ it is!

(2) 多晴朗的天气呀!

What sunny weather it is!

2

_______ sunny the weather ______!

(3)这些学生是多么聪明呀!

How clever the students are!

_______ clever students they______!

【沙场点兵】

基础题

( )1._______a clever boy he is !

A. What B. How C. What’s

( )2._______she dances!

A. How good B. How well C. What well

( )3._______quiet the park is!

A. What a B. How C. How a

( )4._____his father works!

A. How careful B. How carefully C. What careful

( )5._____noisy they are making!

A. What B. How C. How a

( )6.______delicious soup!

A. How B. What C. What a

( )7.______heavy snow!

A. What a B. What C. How

( )8.____old bike Li Lei is riding!

A. What a B. What an C. How

( )9.______exciting moment it is!

A. How B. How an C. What an

( )10.______supper we’re having today!

A. What a delicious B. How delicious C. What delicious

提高题

3

A. What an B. How C. What

( )1._______beautiful flowers they are!

A. How B. What C. What a

( )2._______lovely a girl she is!

A. What B. How C. What a

( )3._______they love their country!

A. What B. How C. What a

( )4._______long hair she has!

A. What a B. What C. How

( )5._______beautiful music we are listening to!

A. How B. What a C. What

( )6._______exciting a football match it is!

A. What B. How C. What an

( )7._______hard-working Chinese people!

A. How B. What C. How do

( )8._______a lovely view!

A. Is it B. Isn’t it C. Aren’t they

( )9._______time they had yesterday!

A. How wonderful B. What wonderful C. What a wonderful

( )10.______worried they looked!

A. What B. How C. How are

难题

把下列的句子改为感叹句。(答案不唯一)

⒈ A: Jill is drawing a beautiful picture.

B: ___________________________

⒉ A: Mr Wang is a busy man.

B: ___________________________

⒊ A: The cat is very happy.

B: ___________________________

4

⒋ A: The tractor is going very slowly.

B: ___________________________

⒌ A: He is very lucky.

B: ___________________________

⒍ A: It is a wet day today.

B: ___________________________

⒎ A: They started early.

B: ___________________________

⒏ A: They waited a long time.

B: ___________________________

⒐ A: He is wearing a large shirt.

B: ___________________________

⒑ A: The dolphin is playing happily.

B: ___________________________

课后作业

一.单项选择

基础题

( )1.________fine weather it is today!

A. How B. What a C. What

( )2._____fast the boys are running!

A. What B. What a C. How

( )3._______the mooncakes are!

A. How delicious B. What delicious

( )4.____surprising news it is!

A. How B. What C. What a

5 C. What a delicious

( )5.____time we’re having today!

A. What a good B. How good C. What good

( )6._______I miss you !

A. What B. How C. How do

( )7.Look! ______beautiful that lake is!

A. How B. What C. What a

( )8. ________ slowly Tom runs!

A. How B. What C. What a

( )9._____lovely the snow looks!

A. What B. How C. What a

( )10.________useful information it is!

A. How B. What C. What a

提高题

11 ____ delicious the dish is!

A. What B. How C. What a

12 ____ strange clothes he is wearing!

A. What a B. What C. How a

13 ____ an interesting subject it is!

A. What B. How C. What an

14 ____ foggy it was yesterday!

A. What B. What a C. How

15 ____ careless a boy you are!

A. How B. What a C. What

二.按要求改写下列句子。

1. Lucy is a very clever girl. (用 what 改写为感叹句)

2. Lily is a very beautiful girl. (用 how 改写为感叹句)

3. The students are playing basketball happily. (用 how 改写为感叹句) 6

4. The books are very new. (用 what 改写为感叹句)

5. The story is very interesting. (用 what 改写成感叹句)

6. The book is very interesting. (用 how 改写成感叹句)

7. Kangkang's lecture is wonderful. (用 how 改写成感叹句)

8. The news is very important. (用 what 改写成感叹句)

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