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发布时间:2014-07-04 09:32:15  

04一般将来时态 1. 一般将来时的用法: 将来某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态: 有两种表示方式:

①will+ 动词原形 例:It will rain tomorrow. 明天将下雨。

②be going to+动词原形 例:He is going to have a meeting tomorrow. 明天他将开会。

2. 与一般将来时连用的时间状语常见的有:

tomorrow / the day after tomorrow / next week / soon / in three days三天后 / in the year 2020 /




5. shall一般只和第一人称用于疑问句,多用于书面语

例: (第一人称,疑问句,用shall)



1. Li Lei tells me he _________________(visit)the Great Wall(长城) this weekend.

2. My mother _________________(buy)me a pair of new trousers tomorrow.

3. She says she _________________(leave离开))soon.

4. We _________________(go) shopping if it doesn’t rain next Sunday.

5. There _________________(be)an English evening next week.

6. Think over, and you _________________(get)a good idea.

7. _________________Jim _________________(have)a picnic next Monday?------No, he __________.

8. I _________________(miss)you after you leave here.

9. Who _________________(teach)you English next year

10. He ____________ (be) back in three hours.

11. Look at these clouds. It ____________ (rain).


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. They plant trees next week.

6. 7. 8. 9. 按要求句型转换




特殊疑问句:______________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ _____________________________ ______________________________



2. 用法 ①表示现在的特征或状态 例:He is 12 years old. 他现在12岁。 ②经常或习惯性的动作 例:He sweeps the floor every day. 他每天打扫地板。 ③描述自然现象或客观真理 例:The earth goes round the sun. 地球绕太阳转。 与一般现在时连用的时间状语常见的有:

usually /often /always /every day /now /sometimes /on Sundays /once a week /

①一般在动词尾加s 例: play→ plays

②以s. x.. ch.. sh结尾的动词在词尾加es 例: watch → watches

③以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先改y为i, 再加es 例: study→ studies

④特殊的有 be→ is have→ has go → goes do → does

5. 发音规则:

① 在清辅音后发音为[s],在浊辅音及元音后发音为[z]

例:make [me?k]→ makes [me?ks] play [ple?]→ plays [ple?z]

② 在[s , z, t? , d?]后,发音为[iz]

例:close [kl??z] → closes ['kl??z?z] watch [w?t?] → watches ['w?t??z]

③在t后读/ts/,在d后读/dz/ 例:sit → sits [s?ts]

z?z] 1. ________________(be) Tom and I in the same class? ------Yes , you _______________.(be)

2. Three years________________(be)a long time.

3. Your new book________________(be)over there.

4. Here________________(be)a flower for you.

5. There is a book on it, but there________________(be)a ball and two cats under it.

6. This pair of trousers________________(be)short.

7. There________________(be)much milk in this glass.

8. The woman________________(look)like our teacher.

9. Jim’s sister________________(do)her homework every day.

10. ________________he________________(go)to bed at 7 every night?

11. I________________(not know)his name.

12. Jim, why________________(be)you late for school?

13. ________________your mother always________________ (do) her housework?

14. She usually________________(have)breakfast at 7 in the morning.

15. ________________she________________(has)any color pencils?

16. _____________ Lucy and Lily _____________ (like) China?

17. Li Lei _____________ (not like) to drink orange.

18. The girl _____________ (go) home at 4:30 in the afternoon.

19. _____________ Kate _____________ (speak) Japanese? ------Yes, she does.

20. Jim _____________ (not ride) his bike often. 21. _____________ Li Ming’s father _____________ (have) his lunch at home?

22. Tom _____________ (not do) the morning exercises often.


1. 2. 3. Her mother doesn’t TV.

4. 5. Li Ping’s6. 7. Is she a math teacher? ------No, she .

8. Jim’s9. Lucy doesn’t 10. ★写出下列动词的第三人称单数的形式

play _____________see ______________watch ______________live _______________

say _______________wash ______________say ______________fly _______________

go _______________be ______________do _______________have _______________

stop ______________stay ______________sing _______________work ______________


Kate’s sister否定句:___________________________ _________________________________ 一般疑问句:_________________________

两回答:____________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________

特殊疑问句:________________________ _________________________________






1 用法: ①现在正在进行或发生的动作

例:I am reading an English book now. 我现在正在读一本英语书。


例:They 他们这些天一直住在北京。

2 与现在进行时连用的时间状语常见的有:now /these days /或有look ,listen,的提示 / 或有Where is Jim?, It’s nine o’clock now.的提示/

4 现在进行时的构成:be +现在分词

5 现在进行时的四个基本句型

肯定句 He 否定句 He TV now.

一般疑问句 两回答 Yes, he. No, he 特殊疑问句 What he6 动词现在分词的构成

①一般在动词尾加ing 例:play →playing

②以不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e加ing 例:make →making

③以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母,先双写这一辅音字母,再加ing 例:put →putting ④特殊的有 be→ being lie(躺,撒谎)→lying tie (拴,系)→tying die(死)→ dying 7 动词的现在进行时可以表示将要发生的动作





1. Where’s our teacher? ------He ______________(watch) a football match(比赛) on the playground now.

2. Don’t make any noise(噪音). Jim _______________(sleep)

3. They _______________(be)in the room now.

4. How cold it is! It’s _______________(snow)heavily.

5. Listen! Peter and Becky _______________(talk)about the weather.

6. Be quiet! My teacher is ____________________(say)something.

7. It’s 8 o’clock. They _______________(have) an English class.

8. Hurry up! Your mother _______________(wait) for you downstairs.

9. Where are the twins? ------They’re _______________(play)football at school.

10. Mr. Jones can’t come. He _______________(have)a meeting.

11. Look! Sally and Jim ________________________(swim)in the river.

12. Look! They ___________________ (run) along the street.

13. ___________________ you ___________________ (study) English? ------Yes, I am.



2. Are they planting trees over there? ------No, they .


4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9.

10. 写出下列动词的现在分词

sing _____________work _____________hike _____________smell ____________ take _______________ run ______________be ______________put ______________ do _______________lie _______________ get ____________ listen ______________study ___________ go ______________ die ______________ swim ____________ fly ______________say _______________stop _____________eat _______________ 按要求句型转换: Jim’s mother is reading now.






1. 用法 ①过去某个时间发生的动作 例: ②过去某个时间存在的状态 例: ③过去经常或反复发生的动作 例:

2. 与一般过去时连用的时间状语常见的有:

yesterday/ last night/ in 1990/ once/ two days ago/ the day before yesterday / the other day 几天前

①一般在动词词尾加ed 例: want →wanted

②以e结尾的动词,只加d 例: live →lived

③以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,改y为i,再加ed 例: study →studied

④以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母,双写这一辅音字母,再加ed 例: stop →stopped

5. 发音规则:


例:watch [w?t?] → watched ['w?t?t] play [ple?]→ played [ple?d]

②在[t , d]后,发音为[id]

例:want [w?nt]→wanted ['w?ntid]

6. 比较: (现在经常去,用一般现在时) 大学) (过去经常去,用一般过去时) 巩固练习:用所给动词的适当形式填空

1. Jim _______________(break) a pen the day before yesterday.

2. _______________Henry _______________(clean) the classroom this morning?

3. A few years ago, there _______________(be) only old houses.

4. Where _______________they _______________(has) sports last year?

5. My mother and I _______________(speak) at the meeting yesterday.

6. How many apples _______________you _______________(buy) yesterday.

7. _______________(be) they all here yesterday? ------No, they _______________.

8. Paul went upstairs and _______________(knock) at the door.

9. I tried to catch the ball, but I _______________(miss错过) it.

10. My sister _______________(not do) her homework yesterday. 11. _____________Mr. Beckman _____________(draw) a picture last month ? ------No, he ____________

12. Jim often _______(go) to school at seven ,but he _______(go) to school at seven ten this morning.

13. Kate _______________(play) basketball every week.

14. My uncle in London _____________ (send) a birthday present to me yesterday.

15. When _____________ (be) you born?

16. Father often __________ (tell) us his stories on summer evenings when he was alive(活着的). 改错:每处划线中有错误,在题后改正


2. 3. 5. They didn’t 6. 7. 9. ★ 8. 10. 写出下列动词的过去式(规则变化)

open ______________ live ______________dance _______________ watch _______________

study ______________ travel ______________ stop_______________ play _______________

按要求句型转换: Jim was at home yesterday. Kate went to the park last week.




特殊疑问句:________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ 4.

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