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医科大学博士口语unit10

发布时间:2014-07-04 14:10:58  

City Traffic

Traffic jam/ traffic congestion / Traffic is brought to a standstill

ASEAN-China Workshop on Road Traffic Management and Applicable Technology. Wuxi, Oct. 2002

Various rules, regulations, and signs are used to keep traffic flowing smoothly. The city street shown here is governed by traffic signals, crosswalks (zebra), parking meters, several signs, and the conventions understood by pedestrians and motorists. The ambulance here is shown crossing the double yellow line, which is illegal for other drivers. Other related words: lane / motor-vehicle / none-motor vehicle

Parking Metre

compel
? compel (together + drive): compel sb. to do ? dispel: (away + drive) (the clouds) ? expel: (out + drive) (air from the lung) ? impel: (in + drive) (be impelled by) ? propel: (forward + drive) (stream propelling) ? repel: (again + drive) (an attack /invasion)

traffic warden

c.f. traffic policeman / traffic cop / pointsman

to expire
? expire (out + breathe): time is up / to die ? aspire (to + breathe): long for (for/to sth.) ? aspiration ? conspire: (together + breathe) ? conspiracy ? inspire (in + breathe): to give life to ? respire (back + breathe): inhale and exhale ? respiratory (SARS)

allergy
? Allergy, exaggerated and sometimes harmful reactions to external substances, called allergens. Allergy may result from exposure to such common allergens as plant pollens from grasses, trees; animal danders, which are tiny scales shed from the skin and hair of cats and other furred animals; insects, such as house dust mites, bees, and wasps; and drugs, such as penicillin. The most common food allergies are caused by eggs, milk, peanuts, shellfish, wheat, and chocolate. In an allergic reaction, the immune system mistakenly interprets a harmless substance as a harmful one. Allergy symptoms may include itching, sneezing, a stuffy nose, watery eyes, inflammation of the airways in the lungs and asthma, and even allergic shock and death in rare situations. ? be allergic to sth. ? c.f. allegory 寓言

have a memory like a sieve: (informal) to forget things easily to leak like a sieve: cannot hold water

Austin: once an independent popular British car manufacturer, started in 1905; a car of this make.

MOT (Ministry of Transport)
? The MOT scheme is primarily a road safety measure designed to ensure as far as possible that all cars, motorcycles and light goods vehicles more than 3 years old are properly maintained and, at least once a year, are examined at an authorized MOT test station or garage to make sure that they comply with certain important requirements of the law. MOT will test various systems of a motor vehicle, such as:

? Automobiles are powered and controlled by a complicated interrelationship between several systems. This diagram shows the parts of a car with a gas engine and manual transmission. The major systems of the automobile are the power plant, the power train, the running gear, and the

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