? Intelligence, term usually referring to a general mental capability to reason, solve problems, think abstractly, learn and understand new material, and profit from past experience. Intelligence can be measured by many different kinds of tasks. Likewise, this ability is expressed in many aspects of a person’s life. Intelligence draws on a variety of mental processes, including memory, learning, perception, decision-making, thinking, and reasoning. ? Secret information, especially about an actual or potential enemy. (e.g. C4I: Command, Control, Communications, Computer and Intelligence )
? aquarium (water + place) aquaculture auditorium (c.f. agriculture) sanatorium aquafarm gymnasium aquapolis museum aquarelle aquarium aquapuncture aquatic bird
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? Ballet, form of theatrical dance that began to evolve in Western Europe during the Renaissance (1300-1600). Ballet technique consists of stylized movements and positions that have been elaborated and codified over the centuries into a well-defined, though flexible, system called academic ballet, or danse d’école. Toe dancing is often considered synonymous with ballet, but ballet technique can be performed without toe dancing. Because the steps were first named and codified in France, French is the international language of ballet. ? c.f. ballot / bullet
? Hawaii (state), only island state and the southernmost state in the United States. Hawaii consists of the Hawaiian Islands and a few other geographically unrelated islets located near the center of the northern Pacific Ocean. The state is composed of eight main islands and 124 islets, reefs, and shoals. Honolulu, the capital and largest city of Hawaii, on the island of Oahu, lies about 3,900 km from the western coast of the United States mainland.
? mono- : single, sole, alone ? monocracy ? monogamy ? monopoly ? monotony ? monochrome ? monosyllable
? ? ? ? A stitch in time saves nine. not a stitch on/to one's back: naked in stitches: cannot help laughing keep the class in stitches
? Value-Added Tax (VAT), a tax on consumption levied whenever the value of goods and services increases as they change hands in the course of production, distribution, and final sale to the consumer. VATs work on the assumption that value is added at every stage, and taxes should be levied on amounts of value added. This distinguishes VATs from sales taxes, which are based simply on the retail price of goods. VATs are the principal means of indirect taxation in many countries, including the member states of the European Union (EU). In the EU the standard rate of VATs varies from 15 to 25 percent.
The Idea of Progress (Progressive Movement / Progressive Era)
? The growth of industry and cities created problems. A small number of people held a large proportion of the nation’s wealth while others fell into poverty. Workers fa