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时态讲解

发布时间:2014-07-05 11:13:43  

一般现在时:

表示普遍、经常性的或长期性的动作时使用一般现在时,它有:

Be 动词:

肯定句:She’s a worker.

否定句She isn’t a worker.

一般疑问句:Is she a worker?

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

情态动词:

肯定句:I can play the piano.

否定句I can’t play the piano.

一般疑问句:Can you play the piano?

行为动词:

They want to eat some tomatoes.

Do they want to eat any tomatoes?

They don’t want to eat any tomatoes.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+以do开头的一般疑问句 What do you often do after school ?

当主语为第三人称单数时 ,助动词为does

肯定句:主语+动词三单式(+其它)。如: He swims well.

否定句:主语+ doesn’t+动词原形(+其它) He doesn’t swim well..

一般疑问句:Does +主语+动词原形+其它 Does he swim well ? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+以does开头的一般疑问句 How does your father go to work?

三.第三人称单数的动词变化规则(只有在第三人称为主语的肯定句中,动词才用三单式)

(1)多数动词直接加s:runs gets likes collets takes plays climbs??.

(2)结尾是s, x, sh, ch, o,前为辅音字母,

结尾加es :watches teaches goes does washes crosses mixes brushes

(3)动词末尾y前为辅音:将y改为i加es: study→studies fly→flies carry→carries cry→cries

但在y前如果为元音则直接加s:buys says

四.时间标志:always , usually , often , sometimes ,every?on Saturdays、 in the morning(afternoon evening) 、every day 等。

中考重要考点:

1 客观真理,事实一定要用一般现在时态,如太阳的升起落下:time goes by. 2 begin start come go open close 等词通常用一般现在时表示计划,规定要发生的动作:class begin at eight in the moring

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11.Each of us ____ (have) strong points and weak points.

12.My daughter___ (watch) TV every day. Sometimes she ___ __ (see) a film on Sunday. 13.Li Wei__ (have) a daughter. She___(stay)in a nursery(托儿所).

14.Our family ___ (be) a happy one.

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15.Her mother ______ (teach) English at a middle school.

按要求改写下列句子:

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

____________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

_______________________________________________________

____________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________

____________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

_______________________________________________________

选择填空

1. Jenny ____ in an office. Her parents ____in a hospital.

A work; works B works; work C work; are working D is working; work

2. One of the boys_____ a black hat.

A have B there is C there are D has

3 .He said the sun ____in the east and ____in the west.

A rose; set B rises; sets C rises, set D rise; sets

4. Wang Mei ____ music and often ____ to music.

A like; listen B likes; listens C like; are listening D liking ; listen

5. Jenny____ English every evening.

A has study B studies C study D studied

7 Wang Mei ____ music and often ____ to music.

A like; listen B likes; listens C like; are listening D liking ; listen

8. Jenny____ English every evening.

A has study B studies C study D studied

6.We will go shopping if it____ tomorrow.

A don't rain Bdidn't rain Cdoesn't rain Disn't rain

一般过去时态

一.一般过去时的功能:表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。

二.一般过去时的结构:

1. Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵arewere。(were not=weren’t)

2.be动词的一般过去时的句子:

:2.行为动词在一般过去时中的变化:

肯定句 : 主语 + 动词的过去式 .I watched a film last Sunday .

否定句 : 主语+ didn’t + 动词原形.I didn’t watch a film last Sunday . 一般疑问句:Did + 主语 + 动词原形 ?

Did you watch a film last Sunday ? Yes, I did . No , I didn’t .

特殊疑问句:疑问词+ 以did 开头的一般疑问句 ?What did you do last Sunday ? 动词过去式变化规则

1)一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2)结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted hoped,lived 3)末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

shipped。

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4)以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied ,worried

5)规则动词过去式:am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, take-took, put-put,read-read, swim-swam, sit-sat , do-did, have/has-had, make-made, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, fly-flew/u:/,drink-drank, write-wrote, draw-drew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept,

三.一般过去时的变化:

1.只有 Be动词在一般过去时中:带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。 2.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。如:Did Jim go home yesterday?

+did+主语+动词原形?如: What did Jim do yesterday? ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:Who went to home yesterday?

四.时间状语: 通常用 “时间+ ago的短语a moment ago:,

last引导的时间短语:last year/week/Saturday, just now(刚才), yesterday,the day before yesterday(前天),in1998?”等。yesterday, yesterday morning (afternoon, evening?)last night (week, month, year?),a moment ago , a week ago, three years ago?

过去时练习:

写出下列动词的过去式 is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________ drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________ does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____ taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______ throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________ study_________stop_________

read_________can_________speak_________say_________thank_________buy_________bring_________take________

Be动词的过去时练习(1)

Be动词的过去时练习:A

一、 用be动词的适当形式填空10

1. I _______ at school just now. 2. He ________ at the camp last week.

3. We ________ students two years ago. 4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year. 6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.

7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday. 8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.

Be动词的过去时练习: B

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now.2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday.

8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.

二、句型转换

There was a car in front of the house just now.

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否定句:_________________________________一般疑问句:____________________________________

肯、否定回答:___________________________________

三、 中译英

1.我的故事书刚才还在手表旁边。___________________

2.他们的外套上个礼拜放在卧室里了。_______________

3.一会以前花园里有两只小鸟。_____________________

行为动词的过去时练习:A

一、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.4. Nancy _______(pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

6. They______ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7.My mother______(cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls________(sing) and______(dance) at the party.

二、句型转换

1.Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句: ______________________________________

一般疑问句: __________________________________

肯、否定回答:___________________________________

2.Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________

肯、否定回答:___________________________________

3.We sang some English songs.

否定句:________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________

肯、否定回答:___________________________________

B

一、用动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _______ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4._____you_____(visit)your relatives last Spring Festival?

5.______he ______(fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6.Gao Shan____(pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7.I______(sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ____.

8. What______she______(find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

现在进行时:表示现在进行的动作句子结构:be+动词ing

时间状语:now, look, listen,It’s ?o’clck,

1. What are you _________(do) now? I ___________(eat) bread.

2. It’s nine o’clock. My father_______________(work) in the office.

3. Look, the boy____________(put) the rubbish into the bin.

4. __________he__________(clean) the classroom? No, he isn’t. He____________(play).

5. Where is Mak? He___________(run) on the grass. 6. Listen, who____________(sing) in the music room? Oh, Mary_____________(sing) there.

将下列句子改成现在进行时

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1. Tom can speak Chinese.2. We have four lessons.3. I watch TV every day.

4. She works in a hospital.5. Do you like this book?6. Kitty and Ben have lunch at about twelve.

7. His father can help them. 8. Danny, open the door.

9. They watch TV in the evening.

按要求改写句子

The boy is playing basketball.

否定句:____________________________

一般疑问句:_________________________

肯定回答:__________________________

否定回答:__________________________

对“is playing basketball”提问:__________________________

对“ The boy”提问:__________________________

They are singing in the classroom.

否定句:____________________________

一般疑问句:_________________________

肯定回答:__________________________

否定回答:__________________________

对“are singing ”提问:__________________________

对“ in the classroom”提问:__________________________

一般将来时知识总结

一、一般将来时的基本概念

一般将来时表示在将来某一时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态。一般将来时由助动词shall(第一人称),will(第二、三人称)+动词原形构成。

二.一般将来时的形式

1.will 常简略为 'll,并与主语连写在一起,如:I'll,he'll,it'll,we'll,you'll,they'll。

2.肯定句:主语+ will+动词原形+??

3.一般疑问句如用will +主语+动词原形+???其答语Yes,主语+I will/ No,主语+I will not;

如用 Shall you??(较少见)其简略答语须是 Yes,I shall.或 No, I shall not.。

三.常与表一般将来时的时间状语或短语连用:

例如:tomorrow, .tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening. The day before after tomorrow(后天) . next year/week/month/Sunday/day off. In the future / soon(不久). In +将来的时间.in 2011.in+段时间./in two days(在两天内)/in five hours(再过5个小时).this evening/afternoon/(今天下午)?

Tonight=this evening/after three days(三天后) /at once(立刻,马上)??

四、 一般将来时的基本用法

1. 一般将来时 表示将来要发生的事(在口语中各人称后均用will, 常缩写为 ’ll):

I will be eighteen next week. 下星期我就十八岁了。

We will know the result tomorrow. 明天我们就知道结果了。

2. 使用shall的一些情况

1)shall主要用于第一人称后,构成疑问句,询问对方意见: Where shall we go for our holiday? 我们到哪儿去度假呢?

Shall I do the washing-up? 要不要我来洗盘子?

一般将来时除了使用“shall/will + V?”以外,也可以使用下列的几种句式来

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表达:

1)be going to 结构,表示打算干某事(a)或即将发生某事(b):

a. I’m going to play you a waltz. 我准备给你弹一首华尔兹舞曲。 I’m not going to argue with you tonight. 今晚我不打算和你争论。 b. It’s going to rain soon. 快下雨了。

八年级一般将来时试题

( ) 1. There ____ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going toB. will going to beC. is going to be D.will go to be

( ) 2. Charlie ________ here next month.

A. isn’t workingB.doesn’t workingC.isn’t going to workingD.won’t work

( ) 3. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.

A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be

( ) 4. There ______ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

A. was B. is going to haveC. will have D. is going to be

( ) 5. –__ you __ free tomorrow?– No. I _ free the day after tomorrow.

A. Are; going to; will B. Are; going to be; will C. Are; going to; will be D. Are; going to be; will be

( ) 6. Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday.

A. will gives B. will give C. gives D. give

( ) 7. – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you? –________. (不,不要。)

A. No, you won’t. B. No, you aren’t. C. No, please don’t. D. No, please.

( ) 8. – Where is the morning paper? – I ________ if for you at once.

A. get B. am getting C. to get D. will get

( ) 9. __ a concert next Saturday? A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are

( ) 10. If they come, we ______ a meeting.

A. have B. will have C. had D. would have

( ) 11. He _____ her a beautiful hat on her next birthday.

A. gives B. gave C. will giving D. is going to giving

( ) 12. He _____ to us as soon as he gets there.

A. writes B. has written C. will write D. wrote

( ) 13. He ____ in three days. A. coming back B. came back

C. will come back D. is going to coming back

( ) 14. If it _____ tomorrow, we’ll go roller-skating.

A. isn’t rain B. won’t rain C. doesn’t rain D. doesn’t fine

( ) 15. – Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow? – No, ____ (不去).

A. they willn’t. B. they won’t. C. they aren’t. D. they don’t.

( ) 16. Who _____ we ______ swimming with tomorrow afternoon?

A. will; go B. do; go C. will; going D. shall; go

( ) 17. We ___ the work this way next time. A. do B. will do C. going to do D. will doing

( ) 18. Tomorrow he _______ a kite in the open air first, and then _____ boating in the park. A. will fly; will go B. will fly; goes C. is going to fly; will goes D. flies; will go

( ) 19. The day after tomorrow they ______ a volleyball match.

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A. will watching B. watches C. is watching D. is going to watch

( ) 20. There ________ a birthday party this Sunday.

A. shall be B. will be C. shall going to be D. will going to be

( ) 21. They ________ an English evening next Sunday.

A. are having B. are going to have C. will having D. is going to have

( ) 22. ___ you ____ free next Sunday? A. Will; are B. Will; be C. Do; be D. Are; be

( ) 23. He _____ there at ten tomorrow morning. A. will B. is C. will be D. be

( ) 24. ___ your brother ____ a magazine from the library? A. Are; going to borrow

B. Is; going to borrow C. Will; borrows D. Are; going to borrows

( ) 25. – Shall I come again tomorrow afternoon? –________ (好的).

A. Yes, please B. Yes, you will. C. No, please. D. No, you won’t.

( ) 26. It __ the year of the horse next year. A. is going to be B. is going toC. will beD. will is

( ) 27. __ open the window? A. Will you please B. Please will you C. You please D. Do you

( ) 28. – Let’s go out to play football, shall we? – OK. I ________.

A. will coming B. be going to come C. come D. am coming

( ) 29. It ___ us a long time to learn English well A. takes B. will take

C. spends D. will spend

( ) 30. The train __ at 11. A. going to arrive B. will be arrive C. is going to D. is arriving

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