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unit 3 how do you get to school 讲解加巩固练习

发布时间:2014-07-05 13:36:20  

Unit3 How do you get to school?

重点知识详解

1.take +a/an/the+表示交通工具的名词,乘……去某地,是动词短语,在句中作谓语。He takes the train.

take the subway 乘地铁 take a walk 散步 take a bath 洗个澡

take a rest 休息一会 take a seat 坐下 take some medicine 吃药

2.by+表示交通工具的单数名词或on/in+ a/an/the/one’s+表示交通工具的单数名词,是介词短语作方式状语。注意,交通工具使用单数~ I get to school by bike. = I get to school on my bike.

3.walk/ride/drive/fly+to+地点名词,步行/骑自行车/开车/坐飞机去某地

表示乘交通工具方式可以互换表达相同的意义:

Take the bus to school=go to school by bus=go to school on a bus

Drive a car to work=go to work by car=go to work in a car

Fly to shanghai=go to shanghai by plane/air=take the/a plane to shanghai=go to shanghai on a/an/the plane.

4.get表示“到达”,后接名词需加to,接地点副词不加to.

reach 表示到达,是及物动词,其后直接接宾语。

arrive in+大地点 arrive at +小地点 后接副词不需介词。

5. It takes sb some money/time to do sth.花费某人多少时间/钱做某事

Sb pay some money for sth 某人为某物花费多少钱

Sb spend some time/money on sth 某人在做某事或某物上花费时间/钱Sb spend some time/ money (in) doing sth

Sth cost sb some money 某物花费某人多少钱

6. How far is it from A to B? = How far is B from A?

答语有两种:

(1) It’s…meters/miles/kilometers(away)有……米/英里/千米(远)

(2) It ‘s about ten minutes’ walk/ ride. 大约有十分钟步行/骑车的路程。

7.depend on/ upon 视……而定,取决于,依靠+名词、代词或从句做宾语,不用于进行时态和被动语态中。

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-- When can I watch TV? – It depends on when you finish your homework.

8.have to 后加动词原形,侧重客观的需要,有“不得不,被迫”之意,有多种时态形式,否定式为don’t have to(needn’t)意为“不必”。 Must 侧重于说话者的主观看法,认为有必要或有义务做某事,只有现在时一种形式,否定式mustn’t意为“一定不要,不允许,禁止”.

9.a number of+名词复数 +复数谓语 许多…… A number of children go to school by bus.

the number of +名词复数+单数谓语 ……的数量 The number of the lost kids is huge.

10.When it rains, I take a taxi.

1)由when, while, since, until, before, after , as soon as, the first time 等引导的时间状语从句中

2)由if, unless 等引导的条件状语从句中

?主句可以是一般将来时,祈使句或有情态动词的句子,从句要用一般现在时表将来。

10.感谢用语:Thank you very much , Thanks a lot , Many thanks.

回答感谢用语的句子:That’s ok /all right. 不用谢。You are welcome 不客气。 It is my pleasure./My pleasure./It is a pleasure.不客气、那是我的荣幸。/Don’t mention it。别在意。 It was nothing at all.那没什么。

三、语法归纳

(一)how 引导的特殊疑问句

1.how 引导的特殊疑问句提问交通方式(how do you go to school),其答语分三种情况:

a. take a/an/the+交通工具(单数)

b. by+交通工具(单数)

c. on/in+限定词+交通工具

2. how far 用来提问距离,多远,其答语分为两种:

(1)用长度单位表示:It is five kilometers.

(2)用时间表示:It’s twenty minutes’ walk.

3.how long 用来提问时间,意为多久回答常用“for+段时。”

----How long have you learnt English?

----For 3 years.

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4. how soon 用来提问做完某事还需要多长时间, 常用于将来时态时, 常用“in+时间段”来回答。

――How soon will you arrive in Beijing?

----In 3 hours.

(二)宾语从句

1.在句子中起宾语作用的句子叫宾语从句。宾语从句用陈述语序。

2.宾语从句的连接词:

(1)从属连词有that, if, whether。Whether表示“是否”,选择题中选项同时出现whether和if的时候选择whether。Nobody knew whether she could pass the exam.

I know that she is from America.

(2)连接代词有who, whom, whose, what 等

Do you know whose book it is?

Could you tell me what your father looks like?

(3)连接副词有when, where, why, how等

He didn’t tell me when we could meet again.

I don’t know how I can get there.

3.时态:

(1)主句是一般现在时,从句的时态由句子本身确定。

(2)主句是过去时, 从句用过去时态。

(3)主句是过去时,从句是客观真理时,用一般现在

练一练~

一. 用所给单词的适当形式填空

1 It usually takes 10 minutes _______(walk) from the classroom to the library?

2.How long ____ it_____ (take) you to school on weekdays?

3.Shanghai is one of the biggest ______ (city) the world.

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4.________(take) a boat to school must _____(be) a lot more fun than taking a bus.

5.A small number of ________ (child) like to eat porridge in the morning.

6.The three of the most popular ways of _______(get) there are bus, train and bike.

7.When it _____ (rain), I often take a taxi to school.

8.I’m so tired, I need ______ (have) a good rest.

9.Let me _______(help) you _____ (clean) the room.

二.根据汉语翻译句子

1. -你是怎样到校的? -我步行到学校。

___________________________________________________________________________________________

2. 我通常步行,但有时坐公共汽车。

___________________________________________________________________________________________

3. -你需要多长时间到校?

-步行大约10分钟,乘汽车15分钟。

___________________________________________________________________________________________

4. -从他家到学校有多远?

-大约10公里。

___________________________________________________________________________________________

5. 他大约在6点30分动身去学校。

___________________________________________________________________________________________

6. 林飞的家离学校大约10公里。

___________________________________________________________________________________________

7. 然后,他乘坐早班车到学校。

___________________________________________________________________________________________

8. 在日本,大部分学生乘坐火车上学,尽管其他人也步行或骑自行车。

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___________________________________________________________________________________________

9. 小部分学生乘坐地铁上学 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 10. 你对你们镇的交通认为怎么样? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 三.完形填空 What do you do at the weekend? Some people like to (1),but others like to go out for (2) or to play soccer. My friend Jack works hard in a factory during the (3). At the weekend, he always does the (4) thing. On Saturday he (5) his car and on Sunday he goes with his family to a village by (6). His uncle and aunt have a farm(7). It isn't a big (8), but

there is always much to do on it. The children help to give the animals their (9). Jack and his wife help in the fields. At the end of the day, they' re all (10) and Jack's aunt gives them a big meal.

( )01. A. go to work B. stay at home C. go hiking D. see friends

( )02 A. a walk B. shop C. school D. something

( )03 A. day B. year C. holiday D. week

( )04 A. good B. hard C. same D. different

( )05 A. drives B. mends C. washes D. takes

( )06 A. car B. bus C. train D. bike

( )07 A. too B. here C. there D. near

( )08 A. that B. this C. it D. one

( )09 A. water B. food C. houses D. vegetables

( )10 A. happy B. thirsty C. tired D. hungry

四、阅读理解(10分)

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A mother and her young son got into a bus in a small city and sat down. The bus conductor came to them for their money. The mother said, "I want one ticket to Oxford, "and gave her a shilling (先

令). The conductor looked at the small boy for a few seconds and then said to him, "How old are you, young man?" The mother began speaking, but the conductor stopped her, and the boy said, "I'm four years old at home, and two and a half in buses and trains." The mother took six pence(便

士) out of her bag and gave the money to the conductor. The conductor gave her one and a half tickets.

( )l. One day the mother took a bus ______.

A. to a small city B. to get some money C. with her son

( )2. The mother gave the conductor_____ pence in all(总共) that day.

A. l2 B. l6 C. l8

( )3. The mother was______.

A. not honest(诚实) B. honest C. very clever

( )4. The conductor asked ______ how old he was.

A. the mother B. the little boy C. the bus driver

( )5. The boy was ____ years old then.

A. four B. two C. two and a half

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