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新版七年级上unit4讲义加练习

发布时间:2014-07-06 11:14:21  

Unit 4 Where’s my backpack?

一、课本重要语法点梳理

1. 谈论物品的位置

Where’s + 单数物品? 复数物品?

It’s + 介词短语. They’re + 介词短语.

1) Where’s the baseball? It’s in the backpack. 棒球在哪?在背包里。

2) Where’s my computer game? It’s under the bed.我的电子游戏机在哪?在床下面。

3) Where are your books? They’re on the chair.你的书在哪?在椅子上。

4) Where are the keys? They’re on the dresser. 钥匙在哪?在梳妆台上。

名词前已有作定语的this, that, my, your, some, any, each, every等代词,则不用冠词。

2. 表位置的介词

on 在......上(两者相接触) in 在......里 under在......下面(正下方)

3. Come on, Jack! 快点儿,杰克!= Hurry (up), Jack!

4. Gina’s books are everywhere.吉娜的书到处都是。

5. I don’t know.我不知道。

6. take sb/sth to + 地点:把某人/某物带到某地。1) 把书带到学校

take sth to sb 把某物带给某人 2) 把书带给他

7. Can you bring some things to school? 你能带些东西到学校吗?

bring“带来,拿来”表示从远处带到近处,从别的地方带到说话者的地方。 take “带走,拿走”表示从近处带到远处,从说话者的地方带到别的地方。

1) 请给我带块橡皮擦。 2)请把这些书带给你妹妹。

8. some和any(一些)

1) some一般用于肯定句,any用于否定句和疑问句

①我需要一些笔记本。

②我没有书。I don’t have ( )books.

③Do you have ( )books? 你有一些书吗?

2) 在表示请求、建议、征求意见等委婉语气的疑问句中,用some而不用any。 ①Can you bring some things to school? 你能带些东西到学校吗?

②Would you like ( ) apples? 你想要一些苹果吗?

9. on the wall与in the wall(在墙上)

图画、黑板、风筝等“在墙上”,是因为它们在墙的表面,故用on the wall。 门窗、钉子、洞、孔等“在墙上”,是因为它们在墙的里面,故用in the wall。

10.名词所有格

在英语中,当我们表达“我的”“你的”“他的”时,用代词my, your, his等。如果要表示“某个(些)人的”时,可以在某个(些)人后加’s来表示所有关系,这种形式我们称为所有格。如Mike的父亲:Mike’s father, 我妈妈的名字:my mother’s name

△ 构成:1)单数名词加’s. 2)以s结尾的复数名词加’读音不变。如the teachers’ room(老师们的房间)

△ 表共同所有,在最后一个名词后加“’s”。

Jim and Tom’s吉姆和汤姆的母亲(共同所有)

△ 表各自所有,在每个名词后加“’s”

Jim’s room and Tom’s room are both big. 吉姆的房间和汤姆的房间都很大。(各自所有)

二、课堂练习及家庭作业

Ⅰ. 根据句意和汉语或首字母提示补全单词 (每小题1分,共10分)

1. —Where are my pens ?

—________(它们) are in the pencil case.

2. The ________(数学) book is on the bed.

3. I ________(能) see my CDs on the desk.

4. Tom is in the ________(房间). He is sleeping(睡觉) .

5. There is an alarm clock on the ________(书桌).

6. B________ your pictures here. Take the books there.

7. The book is on the t________.

8. —W________ are my keys?

—They are in the dresser.

9. —Where’s my backpack?

—It’s u________ the table.

10. —Where are the hats?

—Sorry, I don’t k________.

Ⅱ. 单项选择 (每小题1分,共15分)

1. —________ is the baseball?

—It’s under the bed.

A. Where B. How C. What D. Where’s

2. Please ________ me to the school.

A. take B. bring C. call D. need

3. —Is my book on the dresser?

—________. I can see it.

A. No, it isn’t B. Yes, it’s C. Yes, it is D. No, it is.

4. —Where are the pencils?

—________ are on the desk.

A. It B. The C. Them D. They

5. —________?

—They’re our soccer balls.

A. What’s that B. What are those C. Who are they D. Where are they

6. —Where ________ my pens?

—Sorry, I ________ now.

A. is; don’t B. are; not C. are; don’t D. are; doesn’t

7. This is ________ pen. ________ pen is nice.

A. a; The B. the; A C. an; An D. the; /

8. —Is the bag on the table?

—________.

A. It’s under the table B. No, it isn’t

C. Yes, they are D. They are on the sofa

9. —Where are his pencils?

—________.

A. Yes, they are B. It’s on the desk

C. I don’t know D. No, they aren’t

10. Where ________ the CDs?

A. are B. am C. is D. be 11. —Where is the baseball ?

—It’s ________ the table ________ the floor.

A. on; under B. on; on C. on; under D. under; on

12. My mother ________ the room.

A. is on B. is in C. in D. on

13. Please take these things ________ your mother.

A. too B. at C. to D. in 14. —Is your jacket on the sofa ?

—________.

A. Yes, I am B. Yes , it is C. Yes, she is D. Yes, you are

15. —________?

—They are on the bed.

A. Where are my keys B. What are these

C. Are they your keys D. Where is the key

Ⅲ. 选择方框中的单词补全短文,其中有两项多余 (每小题1分,共5分)

Hello! This is room. In my room there is a bed, a desk a chair. My bed next to the desk. My shoes and soccer ball are the bed. There are pictures on the wall. They’re very nice. Oh, there is a clock and a map on the wall, too.

Ⅳ. 句型转换(每小题1分,共10分) 对划线部分提问)

________ ________ the ruler? 对划线部分提问)

________ ________ his books?

3. Our books are on the sofa.(改为否定句)

Our books ________ ________ on the sofa.

4. This is my room.(改为一般疑问句并做否定回答)

—________ this ________ room?

—________, it ________.

5. Where is your bag?(改为复数句)

Where ________ your ________?

Ⅴ. 根据汉语提示完成下列句子 (每小题2分,共10分)

1. 你能把这些东西带到学校吗?

Can you ________ these things ________ the school ?

2. 帽子在梳妆台上。

The hat is ________ the ________.

3. “我的双肩背包在哪里?”“在书桌下面。”

—________ is my backpack ?

—It’s ________ the desk.

4. 请把这些东西带到我家。

Please ________ these things ________ my home.

5. 笔记本在地板上。

The notebook is ________ the ________.

Ⅵ. 完形填空 (每小题1分,共10分)

Look, this is bedroom. It is old house, but it is very nice. There a clock and some pictures the wall. There is on the desk.His backpack is the chair. His coat is on the bed. Where is baseball? It is the door. What’s that? Oh, a cat! It a hat.

1. A. Jim B. Jims C. Jims’ D. Jim’s

2. A. a B. an C. the D. the

3. A. is B. am C. are D. be

4. A. at B. on C. in D. for

5. A. keys B. a book C. a set of key D. a books

6. A. on B. in C. between D. out

7. A. a B. the C. an D. /

8. A. behind B. in C. under D. between

9. A. That’s B. It C. Its D. It’s

10. A. look like B. look C. looks like D. look after Ⅶ. 阅读理解 (每小题2分,共20分)

A

There is a library(图书馆) in our school. It is near our classroom. It is on the first floor. Our school library is not very big, but it is nice. There are many books in the library. Some are in Chinese. Some are in English. I like reading very much. I often go there to borrow(借) books. The librarian(图书管理员) is a woman. She is very kind. We can choose(选择) any books from the library .

1. The library is in ________.

A. our city B. our factory C. our school D. his school

2. The school library is ________.

A. big B. not small

3. In the library there are ________ books.

A. more B. much C. not big C. few

D. not nice D. many D. with 4. Some books in the library are ________ English. A. on B. in C. at

5. You can ________ books from the library.

A. borrow B. take C. buy D. bring

B

This is a picture of my room. There is a desk in it. My books and my notebooks are on the desk. A map and two pictures are on the wall. The computer is on the table. I have a baseball. It isn’t on the sofa. It is on the floor. My backpack is on the chair.

根据短文回答问题。

6. Is it a picture of the room?

________________________

7. Where is the map?

________________________

8. What’s on the table?

________________________

9. Where is the baseball?

________________________

10. What can you see on the chair?

_____________________

Ⅷ. 补全对话 (每小题1分,共5分)

从方框中选择合适的句子完成下列对话。

A: Hi, Susan!

B:

A: Is my computer game on the table?

B: No, it isn’t. It’s on the bookcase.

A: Oh, OK. Are they on the bookcase, too?

B: They’re on the chair.

A: Oh. So, where is my pencil case?

B:

A: And where’s my backpack?

B: It’s under the table. And your baseball is under the chair.

A: Oh, OK. And where are Mom’s keys?

B:

Ⅸ. 书面表达(共15分) 你有自己的书房(study)吗? 请以“My Study”为题,向同学们作一简单介绍。 要求:语句流畅,无语法错误, 不少于50词。

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