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主谓一致中考题

发布时间:2014-07-06 11:14:23  

1.【2013北京】There________ many trees in front of my house now.

A. is B. are C. was D. Were

2.【2013贵州遵义】 How time flies! We'll graduate. Three years really s short time.

A. was B. are C. is

3.【2013黑龙江龙东】There some milk, two apples and a bottle of juice in the fridge.

A. is B. are C. have

4.【2013黑龙江牡丹江】Nobody except Tom and Mary _______in the classroom. The other students are watching the basketball game on the playground now.

A. am B. is C. are

5.【湖北恩施】There __a book and three pens on my desk just now,but now there is nothing on it.

A. had B. were C. was

6.【2013新疆乌鲁木齐】Everyone except Tom and John _______ studying for the final test now.

A. are B. is C. were D. was

7.【2013山东威海】Everyone except Tom and John there when the meeting began.

A. are B. is C. were D. was

8.【2013黑龙江齐齐哈尔】Neither of the books interesting. I won’t buy of them.

A. is; either B. are; neither C. is; any

9. There still some apple juice in the fridge. It’s not necessary for us to go to the supermarket now.

A. was B. were C. is D. are

10.【2013四川广安】—Maths ____my favourite subject, what about you?

—Physics_____. I think it's very interesting.

A.is; is B. are; are C. are;is

11.【2013贵州安顺】In our school library there _____ a number of books on science, and in these years the number of them _____ growing larger and larger.

A. are; is B. is; are C. have; are D. has; is

12.【2013贵州安顺】 Neither my sister nor I _____ been to America before.

A. have ever B. have never C. has ever D. has never.

13.【2013贵州安顺】.Doing exercise

A. be B. am C. is D. are

14.【江苏扬州】A number of tourists ___ Yangzhou many times because it is such a beautiful city.

A. have been to B. has been to C. has gone to D. have gone to

15.【江苏盐城】Now the number of Chinese people working in Africa more than one million.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

16.【2013广东】Not only my friends but also I __ interested in football and Messi is our favorite star.

A. be B. am C. is D. are

17.【2013辽宁鞍山】Neither he nor I__________ from Canada. We are from Australia.

A. is B. are C. am D. be

18.【2013黑龙江龙东】There some milk, two apples and a bottle of juice in the fridge.

A. is B. are C. have

19.【2013黑龙江齐齐哈尔】a dictionary and two pens on the desk.

A. am B. is C. are

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20.【2013四川雅安】be a fashion show in our town tomorrow.

A. are going to B. will have C. has D. is going to

答案与解析

1.B【解析】考查there be句型的时态和主谓一致。由now可知要用一般现在时,There be 结构通常用就近原则,根据后面的名词many trees判断,故用复数。

2.C【解析】:考查主谓一致。“三年的时间很短”是事实,故选一般现在时态。“三年的时间”是指一个时间段,作为第三人称的单数。

3.A 【解析】考查there be结构There be 结构通常用就近原则因最近的主语是some milk,因此谓语动词用is。

4.B【解析】考查主谓一致。在英语中,当主语后有with, together with, along with, except, besides, as well as 等短语时,谓语动词的数要和这些短语前面的名词或代词的单复数保持一致。第一句中的主语为nobody,因此谓语动词用单数is。

5.C【解析】考查there be句型用法。 此处表示“有一本书和三支钢笔在桌子上。”,要用there be句型,根据there be句型就近的原则,后面是a book,故用单数,又因为有just now,故要用过去时态。

6.B【解析】考查时态和主谓语一致。句中有副词now可知应用现在时态,排除C和D;本句的主语是everyone,谓语动词应用单数形式。

7.D【解析】考查主谓一致。 该句的谓语动词要根据except前面的主语everyone来确定, 故谓语动词用单数,首先排除A和C,根据从句的谓语动词began可知句子要用一般过去时。

8.A【解析】考查主谓一致及不定代词的用法。neither 作主语是谓语动词必须用第三人称单数形式。由句意“这两本书没有一本有趣” 可知下文句意应是“我不想买任何一本”,故选A。

9.C【解析】考查There be结构的用法。There be结构的be动词遵循就近原则, some apple juice为不可数名词,故排除B、D项,又据下句的时态,可知前句时态应保持一致,故选C。

10. A解析:本题考查主谓一致。Maths(数学)、Physics(物理)作主语,谓语动词均用单数,故选A。

11.A【解析】考查There be句型和词组a number of 与the number of的区别:a number of“许多” 作主语时谓语动词用复数;the number of “……的数量” 作主语时谓语动词用三单数。

12.A【解析】考查代词neither… nor …的用法。neither… nor …短语做主语时要用“就近原则”即谓语动词的单复数要受nor后面成分的限制。ever(曾经),never(从不),故选 A

13.C【解析】考查主谓一致。动名词做主语,谓语动词用三单。

14.A【解析】考查主谓一致及现在完成时的用法。根据句中主语“a number of+名词”表示大量的…,则谓语动词要用复数,且have been to表示去过某地(人已经回来了);have gone to表示去了某地(人还没有回来),而根据句中many times“许多次了”要用have been to, 故选A。

15.A【解析】考查主谓一致。the number of...指……数量,表示单数;now表示现在时。

16.B【解析】考查主谓一致,就近原则的用法。not only…but also 不但……而且,具有就近原则的情况,谓语动词与后面主语一致,故选B 。

17.C【解析】考查主谓一致。 neither ...nor...连接并列主语时,谓语动词时态和nor后的主语保持一致。

18.A【解析】考查there be结构。There be 结构通常用就近原则。因最近的主语是不可数名词some milk,因此谓语动词用is。

19.B【解析】考查there be句型的用法。there be句型遵循就近原则,可知主语为“a dictionary”,故be动词为单数is,故选B。

20.D【解析】考查一般将来时的There be句型。由时间状语tomorrow可知应用一般将来时;There be句型不能与have/has混用;主语a fashion show表示单数,故应用系动词is D。

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