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2014新版八年级下学期英语各单元词汇精讲及单元测试

发布时间:2014-07-07 14:55:09  

2014年度英语八年级下册每单元语法总结及习题

Unit 1. What's the matter?

一、单词详解:

1. matter : n. a subject or situation that you must consider or deal with 问题,事情 1 a private ________ 2_________________ 3let the matter_______ ???一件私事

生意方面的事情

让事情搁下不提

4 no easy ___________ ?

不是件容易的事儿

3 Is ?

used to ask if sb. is upset, unhappy, ect. or if there is a problem 怎么了

1with you? 2 Is ?

1 as a matter of ________: (spoken) 实际上 【词组】 ?

3 a matter of _________________: 生死攸关的事,成败的关键 ?

2 be ____________matter : 另外一件事 ?

4___________matter : (spoken) 没关系,不要紧,不重要 ?

2 a sore point : 心病,疼处,伤心事 1 have a sore back ?2. sore : adj. 疼痛的,酸痛的 ?

1(U) 冷; 寒冷 2(C) 感冒; 伤风; 着凉 3. cold : n. ◇◇

1 have a bad/heavy/slight cold : 严重/重/轻微感冒 1 shiver _______cold : 冻得发抖 ??

2 stand outside in the cold : 站在外面寒冷中 2 catch a cold : 患感冒 ?3 I've got a cold. ??3 feel the cold : 感觉冷

?

1 come in from the cold : 不再受冷落(或排除) ◇2leave sb. ________in the cold : 冷落; 排斥 【词组】◇

4. stomach : n. 胃,腹部

1 eg. It's not a good idea to drink on an ________ stomach. (空腹不宜喝酒) ?

2 You shouldn't exercise on a _________stomach. (吃饱) ?

1 have no stomach for sth. : 不想吃……; 对……没有胃口 【词组】 ?

2 _______one's stomach : 让某人反感(或恶心) ?

4 have a ________stomach: 能忍受令人恶心的事

?

3 have _________________in one's stomach: (做某事前) 心慌,紧张 ?

stomachache : (C. U.) 胃痛,腹痛 have a stomachache : 胃痛

2 be ________one's feet =standing or walking around: 没歇脚 ?

4 walk ____________in the house in bare feet : 赤脚…… ?

5. foot : n. (feet) 脚,足

1 to get /rise _______one's feet = stand up起立 ?

3 come/go on foot : 走来/走去 ?

1 be rushed/run _________ one's feet : 忙得不可开交,要做太多的事 【词组】 ?

2 fall/land on one's feet : 特别走运,幸免于难 ?

4 stand______ one's own (two) feet : 自立,独立 ?

3 set foot in / on sth. : 进入,访问,参观(某地) ?

5 get/ have cold feet : 临阵胆怯;畏缩 ?

6. neck: n. 颈,脖子

1 ________one's neck : 摔断了脖子 ?

3 _____a neck: 一微弱优势(领先) ?

5 _______ one's neck : 保全自己的性命 ?

2 be _______to one's neck in sth. : 深陷于,忙于应付 ?

4 neck and neck _______sb./sth. (比赛中)势均力敌,不分上下 ?

6 get it in the neck : 受到严厉的责骂,受重罚 ○

7. throat : n. 咽喉,喉咙

1 a ______throat : 咽喉痛 ?

3 _______one's own throat: 自寻死路 ?

5 have a____ in one's throat : (暂时)失音 ?

7 _________in one's throat: 难以启齿 ?

2 hold a knife to one's _________拿刀顶着喉咙 ?

4 ________one's throat : 清喉咙, 清嗓子 ?

6 ________ down sb's throat : 猛烈抨击某人 ○

8 A sob __________in her throat. 她泣不成声。 ?

1 have a ________fever 发高烧 ?2 catch a fever 患热 ?

4 ____________a fever : 退烧 ?

1 to lie on your______ /_______/______仰卧/侧卧/俯卧 ?

3 lie ________on the desk : 摊开在书桌上 ?

8. fever: n. (C./ U.) 发烧

3 have a ____________fever: ?

9. lie : v. lay, lain 平躺; 躺

2 lie all over the floor : 堆放着满地 ?

4 lie______ on the ground : ?

1 lie_________: 不露声色,不露面 【词组】?

5位于海滨 2 take sth. _____________down : 甘受屈辱,逆来顺受 ?

1.

3 lie ________/about: 乱放, 乱搁 ?

5 lie ________: 躺下,平卧 ?

7 lie with sb. to do sth. : 是……的职责(或责任) ?

1 to tell sb. to rest 10. rest: v. 放松,休息 ?

1 rest ____/upon sb. /sth. : 依赖,依靠 【词组】?

4 lie behind sth. 是……的真实原因(或理由) ?

6 lie _______(BrE.)=sleep in (AmE.) : 睡懒觉, 起得晚 ○

8 lie through one's teeth: 满口谎言,撒弥天大谎 ?

2 rest ______:可以放心 ?

3 rest one's eyes ?

2 rest _______sb. to do sth. : 是……的责任(或分内的事) ?

1 have a good ___________ rest 睡了一宿的好觉 ?

4 get _________ rest 休息一下 ?

5 a ________ day 休息日 ?

rest: n. ( C./U.) ( + from) 休息时间,睡眠时间

2 stop___a rest停下休息 ?

3 to have/ take a rest ?

1_____rest: 静止,不动; 安息,长眠 (与dead同义) 【词组】?

1 give a ____cough : 轻咳了一声 11. cough : n. 咳嗽(声)?

2 come to rest : 停止移动;不再移动 ?

2 to have a _________cough : 干咳 ?

cough : v. 咳嗽

2 cough ____blood: 咯血 ?

1 can't stop coughing: 咳嗽不止

?

3 cough bad/badly/hard ?

1 an X-ray machine ?

cough mixture: 止咳药水

12. X-ray: n. X射线; X光 13. toothache: n. 牙痛 14. tooth : n. (teeth) 牙

2 to have/ take an X-ray ?3 to take a chest X-ray ?

eg. have (a) toothache

1 have a tooth_______拔牙 ?

2 to _____________/clean one's teeth: 刷牙 ?

1 _______a tooth: (指婴儿) 出牙,长出新牙 【词组】?

3 to have a _____________ tooth: 爱吃甜食 ?

5 kick sb._______the teeth : 粗暴对待某人; 使极度失望 ?

2 get one's teeth ________sth. : 专注于,全力投入 ?

4 lie _____________one's teeth 满口谎言; 撒弥天大谎 ?

6 a kick in the teeth: 极度的失望 ○

8 fight __________and nail : 坚决斗争,全力以赴地斗争 ○

1 ___________/quick in temperature: 气温的骤然下降 ?

3 _________a temperature=run a temperature : 发烧 ?

7 __________the skin of one's teeth: 刚好,勉强 ○

15. take one's temperature : 量体温

2 ___________ room temperature 在室温中 ?

2 give sb. a headache 让某人头痛 1 to suffer from headache ?16. headache : n. 头痛 ?3 have a splitting headache: 头痛欲裂 ?

4 She can't sleep with a headache. ?

17. break : n. (C) 间歇,休息,课间休息

1 have a ______/_______/________ break: 用咖啡/午饭/茶的休息时间 ?

3 have a break ___lunch ?

4 work all day without a _________工作了一整天没休息 ?

2 take a break ?

5 take breaks 休息 ○

6 Come and see me at ________. 课间休息……。 ○

18. hurt: v. hurt, hurt (使)疼痛; 受伤hit sb. where it hurts 刺着某人痛处

1 hurt one's _______/________: 伤到了某人背部/情感 ?2 hurt _____________伤到某人自己 ?

1 a passenger train: 客运列车 2 carry passengers :△ 运载乘客; ?19. passenger: n. 乘客,旅客 ?

20. off: adv. 离开(某处); 不工作 eg. The firm can't afford to carry passengers. △ 白吃饭的人 1 _____off: 跑掉 ?2_________off 离开 3_____off休息 ?4________some time off: 需要时间休息 ??

1 be better _______: 经济宽裕 【词组】?eg. Her promotion (晋级) means she's $ 100 a week better off.

1

2

2 be better off (doing sth.) 较高兴,较满意 eg. She's better off without him. ?

3 be off ___________sth. : 有一定数量的东西 eg. How are we off for coffee? ?

4 off and on= on and off 不时地,经常,断断续续 ?

eg. It rained on and off all day.

4_______off : 住在附近 ?

2_______a surprise 吓了一跳 ?

3_______off: 下来, 远离 ?

1 look up ?

off: prep. 从……去掉

1 ______off : 从……掉落 ?

2______off : 远离 ?

21. surprise: n 惊奇; 惊讶; 意外

3_____to one's surprise ?

4 to everyone's surprise ?

1 move sth. onto the desk 22. onto : prep. 向,朝 ?

6 a ____________of surprise : 惊讶的表情 ○

2 move sb. ___________the bus ?

1 be onto sb.: 发现(某人做了坏事); 与……谈话; 询问 【词组】◇

1 She knew the police would be onto them. ?

2 be onto sb. : 了解; 掌握 ◇

2 They've been ____________me for ages to get a job. ?

2 She's got onto a good thing with that new job. ?

1 Scientists believe they are onto something big. ?

23. trouble : n. (U./C.) 问题; 苦恼

2.

1 have trouble ________sth. ?

4 get _____trouble:遇到麻烦 ?

2 make trouble _______sb. 给某人找麻烦 ?

5 be____trouble: 有麻烦 ○

3 run ________ trouble: 陷入麻烦 ?

6 give sb. some/no/any trouble: 给……造成麻烦 ?

7 look ____trouble:自找麻烦 ○

8 get sb. into trouble: 使某人陷入麻烦 ○

10 take trouble doing sth. /to do sth. : 尽心尽力地做 ?

12 put sb. to a lot of trouble: 给某人添了很多麻烦 ?

9 take the trouble to do sth.: 不辞辛劳地做 ?

11 take trouble over/with sth.: 费力地做 ?

24. hit : v. (hit/hit) (用手或器具) 击, 打; 撞上

1 My parents never used to hit me. eg. ?

2 hit back ( at sb./sth.) : 回击, 反击 ◇

4 hit sb. (up) for sth. : 向某人要钱 ◇

1 hit the ceiling/ roof : 勃然大怒;怒气冲天 【词组】◇

3 hit sb. (straight/right) ______the eye: 很显然,一目了然 ◇

5 hit the road: 出发, 上路 ◇

7 hit sb. when they're down: 落井下石;乘人之危 ◇

2 The bus hit the bridge. / I was hit by a falling stone. ?

1 hit sb./sth. (with sth.) eg. ?1 hit sb. on the head with an umbrella ?2 hit sb. by a falling stone ◇

3 hit on/upon sth. : 突然有个好主意 ◇

5 hit sb. with sth. : (把吓人的事等)告诉某人 ◇

2 hit the hay(干草)/sack(麻袋)=go to bed 上床睡觉 ◇

4 hit the nail ______the head: 说到点子上;正中要害 ◇

6 hit the streets/shops/stores: 大量上市 ◇

8 hit sb.________ six : (BrE) 极大地影响某人 ◇

25. right ( adv.) away/off : immediately; without delay 立即; 马上

eg. I told him right away what I thought of him.

1 right and left : everywhere 到处;处处 eg. She owes money right and left. 【词组】◇

2 right now : △ at this moment 此时此刻; 此刻 △ immediately立即; 马上 ◇

1

2

1 He's not in the office right now. ?2 Do it right now! eg. ?

26. get into/get oneself(sb.) into sth :

△ 陷入; 处于; 达到

1

2 They have got into difficulties. ?

2 They got into an conversation soon. ?

2

?

1 He got into trouble with the police while he was still at school. eg. ?

1 He got into this fight. △ 参与; 开始(某事) eg. ?

2

1 Don't let yourself get into bad habits. △ 养成某种习惯;习惯于 eg. ?

3

△ (尤指费力地) 穿上 eg. I can't get into these shoes—they are too small.

4

27. bandage: n. 绷带 eg. Put a bandage on the wound(武器造成的伤). bandage: v. 用绷带包扎

bandage sth. up

1 Don't bandage the wound too tightly. eg. ?

1

△ 想呕吐

2

2 His injured (受伤的) leg was all bandaged up. ?

28. sick : adj. △ (身体或精神) 生病的;有病的

1 a sick child/ bird/relative ?

2 be very sick eg. Her mother's very sick. ?

3 be _____sick : 因病未上班 eg. Peter has been off sick for two weeks. ?

4 call _______sick : 打电话请病假 eg. Emma has just called in sick. ?

5 get sick =become ill : 生病 eg. I can't afford to get sick. ?

6 go sick : 因病未上班 eg. He went sick for many years. ?

1 be sick: 呕吐 eg. I was sick three times in the night. 【词组】◇

2 fall sick=take sick (旧式) =become ill : 生病 ◇

3 make sb. sick: 使反感; 使厌恶 ◇

4 sick at heart: 十分不快; 非常失望 ◇

5 (as) sick as a dog: 病得很重; 呕吐地很厉害 ◇

6 (as) sick as a parrot : 大失所望 ◇

1 If you eat any more cake, eg. ?

you'll make yourself sick.

2 a sick feeling in your stomach ?

△ (构成复合词) 晕船; 晕机;晕车

3

1 airsick ○2 carsick eg. ○

△ sick + of sb./sth| sick + of doing sth.

4

(对……)厌烦的;厌恶的

1 I'm sick of the way you've treated me. eg. ?

2 We're sick of waiting around like this. ?

5

29. knee : n. (C) 膝盖; 膝

1 graze one's knee: 擦破膝盖 eg. I grazed my knee when I fell. ◇

3 be _______one's knees: 跪着 ◇

2 go down _______one knee: 单膝跪下 eg. He went down on one knee and asked her to marry him.

eg. She was on her knees cleaning the kitchen floor.

3.

1 bring sb. __________one's knees : (尤指在战争中) 打败某人; 使某人屈膝投降 【词组】◇

2 put sb. ______ one's knee : 把某人放在膝盖上打屁股 ◇

3 weak ________the knees : (因激动,恐惧,疾病等)

4 at one's mother's knee : 小时候; 孩提时 ◇

eg. His sudden smile made her go weak at the knees.

30. nosebleed : n. 鼻出血 31. breathe : vi. △呼吸 △ vt. 呼出

1

2

1 breathe ________: 深呼气 ?

2 _________breathe:难以呼吸 ?

3 breathe________: 呼吸顺畅 ?

【词组】△ breathe easily/freely again: 平静下来; 1

△ breathe down sb's neck : 紧盯着某人看; 2

【动词搭配】 △ breathe in: 呼气 1

△ breathe out : 呼气 breathe sth. out 2

32. sunburn : n (U) 晒伤; 晒斑

sunburned : adj. 晒伤的; 晒得黝黑而好看的1 Her shoulders were badly sunburned. ?2 ?

33. risk : n. (C./U.) 危险; 风险 1 the risk ________sth. /doing sth. △

eg. Smoking can increase [ ?n`kri:s ](增加) 2 a risk ________sb./sth. △

eg. The medicine can cause little risk to human health.

【词组】△ _________risk (from/of sth.) : 有危险; 1eg. If we go to war, innocent (无辜的) △ at the risk__________ doing sth.: 冒着……的风险

2△ do sth. ________one's own risk : 自担风险; 3

△ run the risk (of doing sth.)|run risks : 冒……的危险4

△冒险(做某事)

5

1 I don't want to take a risk to do so. eg. ?

2 You have no right to take risks with other people's lives. ?

risk : vt. 使……冒风险(或面临危险)

1 risk one's life to do sth. eg. ◇

2 risk one's health eg. ◇

3 risk death eg. ◇

4 risk doing sth. ◇

【词组】risk one's neck : 冒死; 不惜受伤

1

34. accident : n. △ (C) (交通) 事故; 1 have a car/road/________ accident 出车祸/?

2 be killed ________an accident ?3 one_________ seven accidents ?

4 have a serious/minor accident 出严重/?

5 have a climbing/riding accident 出了登山?6?

4.

△ (C/U) 意外; 偶然的事

21 _______accident : 偶然;

1 We met by accident at the airport. eg. ?

2 Helen won the first prize by accident. ?

2______accident :绝非偶然 ◇

35. situation: n. 情况; 状况

?1 be _______ a difficult situation ?

2 get into a situation ?3 be in an embarrassing situation ?4 ?5 in one's situation : 处于某人的境地 ?6 ?

7 find oneself in a very dangerous situation 36. kilo(s) =kilogram=kilogramme (BrE)= kg : 千克?1 2 kilos /kilograms of rice ?

2 37. rock : n. 岩石

【词组】 ?

1 (caught/stuck) between a rock and a hard place : 进退两难; ?

2 ________the rocks : (关系或生意) 陷于困境; 濒临崩溃 eg. Sue's marriage is on the rocks.

?

3 (as) steady as a rock : 十分可靠; 稳如泰山; 安如磐石 38. run out : 用完; 耗尽; 过期; 失效

eg. ○

1 Time is running out for the students in the exam. 2○

The food is nearly running out. run out _____ sth. : 用完; 耗尽(供应品) eg. ?1 ?

2 Could I have a cigarette? I seem to have run out. ?

3 Aron ran out of water after three days. run out ________sb. : 弃某人而去; 抛弃某人

use a knife to do sth. ?1 a ________knife : 锋利的刀子 ?2 a ________knife : ?3 a _________knife: 菜刀 ?4 knives and forks: 【词组】△1

like a knife ____________butter : 轻而易举; 毫无困难 △2 put/stick the knife in | put/stick the knife into sb. : 对某人怀恨在心; △3 __________the knife in the wound: 落井下石; 往伤口上撒盐 △4

__________the knife : 接受手术; 动手术

40. cut off : △1

cut sth. off : 切掉; 割掉; 砍掉; 剪掉 eg. He had his finger cut off in an accident at work.

△2

cut sth. off : (被动) 停止; 中断(供给)

eg. ?

1 Our water supply has been cut off. ?

2 They were cut off for not paying their pone bill. △3

cut sb. /sth. off : 打断 (某人并阻止其讲话)

eg. ?

1 My explanation was cut off by loud protests (抗议). ?

2 I cut him off when he was about to talk back to me. 41. blood : n. (U) 血Blood is thicker than water. ?1 _______a lot of blood: 流了很多血 ?

2 to _______blood : ?

3 to _________blood : 抽血 ?4 a ________sample : 【词组】

△1 be after / out of sb's blood : 恨不得伤害(或惩罚)某人; 恨不得放某人的血△2 make sb's blood ________: 使某人怒不可遏

△3

make sb's blood run _________: 使某人不寒而栗(或毛骨悚然)

5.

△ in cold blood : 残忍地; 蓄意地; 冷酷地; 无情地

4

eg. to kill/________/ shoot sb. in cold blood : 残忍地杀害/谋杀/枪杀某人

△ freeze one's blood | make one's blood freeze : 使人恐怖万分;令人毛骨悚然 △ spit blood : 怒气冲天; 咬牙切齿 △ sweat blood : 苦干; 卖命地工作 42. mean : v. (meant; meant) (1) 意思是; 本意是; 有……意思 1 mean sth. to sb. eg. Does the name mean anything to you? ◇

2 mean sth. by sth. eg. What do you mean by saying that? ◇

3 the meaning of sth. : ……的意思/意义 ◇

eg. What's the meaning of this word? | He doesn't know the meaning of the word.

56

7

24 被晒伤了 __________________ ?

25 被球打了 ___________________ ?

26 做危险的运动 ?

_____________________________

27 失去生命 __________________ ?

28 在一个非常危险的境况 ?

_______________________________

29 释放他的胳膊 _______________ ?

30 砍下某人的半个手臂 ?

_______________________________

(2) 打算; 意欲; 有……的目的 1 mean to do sth. ◇ 1 She means to succeed. 2 I'm sorry I hurt you. I didn't mean to. eg. ?○

2 mean sb. to do sth. ◇

31 失去太多的血 ?

______________________________

32 从……中出来 _______________ ?

33 (正式) 说明,公布 ___________ ?

34 作出好的决定 ?

_____________________________ 35

?

1 I didn't mean you to read the letter. eg. ?

2 You're meant to pay before you go in. ○

3 mean sth. as sth. ◇

eg. Don't be upset—I'm sure she meant it as a compliment. 别烦恼——我肯定她的原意是要称赞你的。

4 mean sth. for sb. ◇

1 Don't be angry. I'm sure she meant it for the best. eg. ?

别生气了。我肯定她是真心想要帮忙的。 2 The chair was clearly meant for a child. ○

5 mean what... eg. He means what he says. 他说话是当真的。 ◇

6 mean that... eg. I never meant (that) you should come alone. ◇

7 mean trouble: 存心捣乱 eg. He means trouble. ◇

(3) mean sb. for sth.: 想要某人成为

eg. I was never meant for the army. 我根本就不是块当兵的料。

mean sb. to be sth. : 想要某人去做 eg. His father meant him to be an engineer.

【词组】△ mean __________: 是认真的; 说话算数

△ mean sb. ______harm=not mean sb. any harm : 没有恶意;并非出于恶意 △ be meant to be sth. : 被普遍认为是 eg. This restaurant is meant to be excellent.

1

23

43. get out of : 离开(某地); 外出

1 You ought to get out of the house more. eg. ?

2 This means being in a difficult situation that you cannot seem to get out of. ○

A get out of : △1 逃避; 规避; 摆脱(责任或义务) ○

1 We promised we'd go—we can't get out of it now. eg. ?

2 I wish I could get out of going to that cinema. ○

△ 放弃; 戒除; 抛弃(习惯)

2

eg. I can't get out of the habit of waking at six in the morning.

B get sth. out of sb. : △1 (尤指强行)盘问出, 获取 ○

eg. The police finally got a confession(招供) out of her.

C get sth. out of sb./sth. : 从……中获得(有益的东西) ○

1 She seems to get a lot out of life. eg. ?

6.

2 He always gets the best out of people.

D get out : 泄露; 被人知道 eg. If this gets out, there'll be trouble. ○

E get sth. out : ○1 生产; 发表; 出版 ○2 勉强地说 ○

1 Will we get the book out by the end of the year? eg. ?

2 She managed(设法) to get out a few words of thanks. ○

44. importance : n. (U) 重要性; 重要; 重大

△ the importance of ...: ……的重要性

1

eg. She stressed the importance of careful preparation.

△ a matter of the ...importance to sb. : 对某人来说是一件……的重要性

2

eg. It's a matter of the greatest importance to me. △ attach importance to sth. : 对某事赋予重要性

3

eg. They attach great importance to the project.

45. decision : n. (C) 决定; 抉择 + on/about sth. | to do sth. 1 ______a decision=to decide 2 to ______a decision=decide 作出决定 ??3 need a decision on this 4 _________to a decision : 作出决定 ??5 _______a decision : 作出决定 ?eg. △ We must come to a decision

about what to do next by tomorrow. △ She tells of the importance

1

2

of making good decisions.

1 _______control : 交通管制 ?

一、单项选择题: 1. —glasses

in the photo?

C. on D. with B. Not at all. D. Don't worry.

—It’s me. I used to wear glasses and have long hair. A. by B. of A. What’s wrong? C. All right.

46.control : n. (U/C) 限制;约束;管理 + of/on sth.

3 government controls on trade and industry : 政府对工商业的管理 ?

4 ______controls on food 物价 ?

1

2 talks on arms control: 军备控制谈判 ?

5 ________control: 控制出生率 ?

【词组】△ be in control ___sth. : 掌管; 管理; 控制

1 The police have been in control of the terrible situation. eg. ?

2 In spite of all her family problems, she's really in control. ?

2. —Mum, I’m not feeling well. —Oh, dear! ________

△ be/get/_______ out of control sth. : 无法管理; 失去控制

2

3. — Why did you get up late this morning? — _________I stayed up late last night. A. Because B. So C. Because of D. But

4. —What’s the matter with you? — I___________ a headache. A. have B. take C. make D. like 5. To our__________, the little girl is the first to go to bed. A. surprises B. surprise C. surprised D. surprising

eg. The children are completely out of control since their father left.

△ be ________control: 被控制住; 处于控制之下

eg. Don't worry—everything's under control.

3

△ bring/get/keep sth __________control: 控制; 抑制 (以不造成损害)

1 It took two hours to bring the fire under control. eg. ?

2 Please keep your dog under control. ?

4

△ _________control of sth. : 失去对……的控制 1 She lost control of her car on the ice. eg. ?

2 He got so angry he lost control. ?

567

6. —What did you see?

—I saw many boys_______games near the river. △ keep control of sth. :控制……eg. She tried to keep control of her voice.

A. played B. playing C. plays D. to play △ have no control over sb. eg. The teacher had no control over the children.

7. It’s __________own business(事情). Please do it yourself. 47. spirit : n. △ (U) 勇气; 意气; 志气; 活力

1 斗志) A. you B. your C. yours D. his eg. ?

2 (极大的勇猛) 8. My father often cooks some delicious ?

3 (摧垮了他的意志) food__________ for us at home. ?

1 to be in_____ /low spirits: 情绪高/低 A. herself B. ourselves △ spirits (pl.) 情绪; 心境 eg. ?

2 ________one's spirits up: 保持高昂的情绪 C. himself D. yourselves ?

9. There’s 【词组】 △ ______spirit : 在心里; 在精神上

1

2

1

eg. I shall be with you in spirit. 我的心将和你在一起。

A. too much B. too many C. much too D. many too

7.

△ fighting spirit : 斗志; 战斗精神 eg. He's often full of fighting spirit.

2

A. of B. without C. with D. have A. get down C. get up

B. get out D. get off

△ ______________sb's spirits : 使振奋; 使鼓起勇气

3

eg. The sunny weather raised my spirits a little.

【俗语】The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak. 心有余而力不足; 力不从心

48. death: n. △ (C) 死; 死亡

1

1 a ________/violent /___________death : 猝死/ 横死 / 安详的死 eg. ○

2 die a slow and painful death : 缓慢而痛苦地死去 ?

12. —Did you catch your plane? —. A. with time C. in time A. about B. of

B. at times D. at this time C. out D. over

△ (U) 死亡状态

21 be burnt to death/ burn sb. to death ○

2 drink oneself to death: 醉死 ?

3 believe in life after death ?

被烧死/烧死某人

4 a death camp : 死亡集中营 ?

5 sentence sb. to death : 宣判某人死刑 ?

13. Don’t always think___________ yourself, young man.

相信死后会有来世

1

【词组】△ at death's ________: 生命危在旦夕

让某人担心得要命; 使某人深感不安 A. fall down B. fall off C. get down D. get off △ be the death ________sb. :

eg. Those kids will be the death of me.

water five days later.

A. ran out B. used out △ do sth. ____death : 做烦了; 看腻了; 听腻了

eg. That joke's been done to death. C. ran out of D. used out of

16. Smoking is bad for your health. You △ frighten / scare sb. to death : 把某人吓得要命

. △ _________sb. to death : 处死; 处决

eg. The prisoner will be put to death at dawn. B. give up them A. give up it

D. give them up △ _________death : 极度; 非常 △ die a/ the death: 彻底失败 C. give it up

eg. I'm sick to death of your endless criticism (批评).

△ life ______death: 死后再生 △ ________to the death : 一决雌雄

23456

7

89

△ a matter _______life and death : A give up : to stop trying to do sth. 放弃; 认输; 49. ○

1 They gave up without a fight. ?2 eg. ○

B give sb. up =give up ______sb. : ○

1 对某人的到来(或健康、能否找到等) 不再抱有希望; ?

1 There you are at last! We'd given you up. eg. ○2 ?

2 与某人断绝关系 eg. Why don't you give him up? ?

10

C give sth. up|give up doing sth. : 停止; 中止; 放弃; ○

1 She didn't give up work when she had the baby. eg. ○

2 You ought to give up smoking. ?

D give sth. up (____sb.) : 把……交给(或让与) ○

eg. He gave up his seat to an old man on the bus.

E give oneself/ sb. up (to sb.) : 自首; 投案 ○

eg. After a week on the run he gave himself up to the police.

F give up on sb. : 对……不再希望 ○

eg. His teachers seem to have given up on him.

50. nurse : n. 护士

2 a male nurse : 男护士 ?

4 Nurse Bennett : 贝内特护士 ?1 ?

3 ?

5 ?

最初称“医院日”,也称“南丁格尔日”,在中国称为“国际护士节”。在这天,大力宣传护理工作,鼓励护士们学习救死扶伤的人道主义精神,已经成为世界各国护理界的一件盛事。今年2014已经是国际护士节的100多年了。

8.

二、翻译:

4. lie down and rest _________________

5. 量体温_________________________

6. 没有做某事_____________________

7. 呼救___________________________

8. 一个18岁的年轻女教师

___________________________________

9. 希望某人做某事________________

10. 令某人惊奇的是_______________

11. 考虑自己____________________

12. 陷入麻烦中____________________

13. 流鼻血_________________________

14. 呼吸困难______________________

15. in time_________/on time__________

16. cut off________________________

17. give up on sb. ____________________

18. leave sb. out in the cold ___________

19. no easy matter ___________________

20. be on one's knees_________________ 四、B. 用所给词的正确形式填空。 He Lost His Arm But Is Still Climbing Aron Ralston is an ____________man who is interested in __________climbing. As a mountain ___________, Aron is ______ to __________risks. Doing ____________ sports is one of the exciting things. And there were many times __________Aron almost _________his life because of ___________. _________April 26, 2003. when climbing in Utah, he found ________ in a very dangerous situation. On that day, Aron's arm was caught _____ a 360-kilo rock that _______ on him when

he was climbing ________himself in the

mountains. Because he could not _______

his arm, he stayed there ______five days

and hoped that someone would find him.

But his water ________out, he decided to

do _________to save his _______life, for

he was not ready to ______that day. So he

used his knife to ________ ________half

his _______arm. Then, with his left arm,

he ______________himself so that he

would not lose too much_________. 9.

I think if he has a good _________, he will feel well soon.

A. not much A. 精疲力尽

B. not heavy B. 承认失败

2001年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决 赛初二组试题 一、单项选择:

( ) 1. Becky opened the box happily, but there A. not anything C. something and

B. nothing like D. only

( conversation about Teachers’ Day after class. A. acted out C. celebrated C. not easy C. 最后时刻

A. 故作姿态

B. went on with D. discussed D. not hard D. 十一点钟

( ( ) 4. That’( ) 5. Sandra wasn't angry really; she was only putting it on. A. needn’t to come A. is; will be A. seeing; look; eyes

B. not need come B. was; is

B. listening to; hear; ears

B. 上演戏剧

C. 穿上

D. needn’t come D. was; was

D. looking at; see; ears C. fatter C. You; you D. 69696

B. Where B. for; or

C. Which C. or; but D. for; to D. Ride; on D. those; that

B. does she

C. doesn't she

D. has she D. How D. and; so

D. fat D. I; me D. 张贴

( ) 6. You ___________to the meeting this afternoon if you have something important to do.

C. don’t need coming C. will be; is

C. finding; look for; eyes A. most fattest

B. fattest B. He; him

( ) 7. Sandy __________ill last Tuesday. We hope she ___________better today.

( ) 8. I’m _________him, but I can __________nothing, because there is something wrong with my_________. ( ) 9. Paul is the _________of the two children in his family.

( ) 10. _________is my sister. Do you like to play with________? A. She; her A. 96969

B. 96696

C. 69969

( ) 11. Which is the number sixty nine thousand, six hundred and ninety six? ( ) 12.—_________boy is your classmate, Ed? —The boy in the hat. ( ) 13. Mike doesn’t like eggs _________meat, _______Max does. A. at; on A. Drive; up A. this; those

B. until; in B. Take; off B. this; these

A. Whose

A. but; and

( ) 14. Children in England usually get presents_________ Christmas and ___________their birthdays.

C. of; by C. Have; to C. these; that A. hasn't she

( ) 15.—Excuse me. How can we get to the Science Museum? —_______a No.2 bus and get _______at the second stop. ( ) 16. The clouds over the city are different from _______in the country; the weather in the city is also different from _____in the country. ( ) 17. Elsa has to pack her computer, _________? A. Let me not give you any more. B. I’m glad you like it. A. Come on! Come on!

B. Help! Help!

( ) 18.—Would you like to have some more fish? —Yes, please. It’s very delicious. —__________

C. You don’t want some more, do you? D. I don’t think you like it. C. Save life! Save life! A. bedroom

B. cinema

D. Save me! Save me! C. bookshop

D. restaurant

( ) 19. If you were in danger, you would probably(可能) cry out “__________” ( ) 20. People use a MENU in a__________.

二、句型转换 :

1. It is snowing very heavily now.(改为感叹句) ________ ________it is snowing now! 3. Hurry up, or you’ll be late for the concert.

2. My brother always buys me some presents when he travels back. (改为否定句) My brother _________buys me ________presents when he travels back. 4. —_______ _______was Betty ill the year before last? —Two times a term. (根据答语完成问句)

__________you ____________hurry up, you’ll be late for the concert. 5. There was a foreign tourist in our school. (完成反意疑问句)

There was a foreign tourist in our school, ________ ________?

10.

Unit 2. I'll help to lean up the city parks.

一、单词学习:

1. clean : v. 除去……的灰尘; 使……干净;打扫

1 Have you cleaned your___________?(刷牙) ?

2 The students clean the windows/floor every day. ?

3 I spent all day_________ and ________. (做饭洗衣) ?

【词组

】—Up Day : 大清扫日 1 clean ________________: (AmE.) △ 清除不必要的人/事; 裁员 ◇

eg. The new manager said he wanted to clean house. 2 clean ________one's act : 改邪归正; 重新做人 ◇1△ 打扫房间 eg. My mother cleans house every day. 2eg. He cleaned up his act and came off drugs(戒掉毒品) .

1 clean sth. ________: 彻底打扫; 使……彻底干净 【动词搭配】◇

eg. All the equipment (U设备) should be cleaned down regularly. 2________/ ________sth. : 把……刷(或擦)掉

eg. I cleaned the mud (泥) off my shoes. 3 clean sth.___________: (某物) 内部彻底打扫干净 ◇

eg. I must clean the fish tank (养鱼缸)out.

eg. Paying for all those drinks has cleaned me out. 4 clean sb.___________: 耗尽(某人的) 钱 ◇

eg. The burglars(窃贼) totally(完全地) cleaned her out. 5 clean sb./sth. ___________: 洗劫 ◇

6 clean___________ /clean sth. ___________ : △1 打扫(或清除)干净 ◇

1 He always expected other people to clean up after him. eg. ?2 Who's going to clean up this mess? ?

2 清除(某地或某活动中的)犯罪及不道德行为; 清理; 整顿 △

1 The government is going to clean up the city. 2 Soccer needs to clean up its image (形象). eg. ??

2. cheer : vt.& vi. △ 欢呼,喝彩,加油

2 The crowd cheered the President as he drove slowly by. 1We all cheered as the team came on to the field. ?eg. ?

eg. She was cheered by the news from home. △ 鼓励,鼓舞 12

1 cheer sb. ___________: (赛跑、比赛等中) 以喝彩声鼓励, 为(某人) 加油 【动词搭配】△

eg. The spectators (观众) cheered the runners on.

△ cheer ___________ | cheer sb./sth. ___________: (使)变得更高兴,(使)振奋起来

2 Give Mary a call; she needs cheering up.(她需要人安慰。) 1 Oh, come on(得了)——cheer up! 高兴起来吧! ?eg. ?

3 Bright curtains(窗帘) can cheer up(变得亮丽) a dull room. ?2

A cheer : n. a shout of joy, support, praise 欢呼声,喝彩声 ?

2 Three cheers for the winners! 1 A great cheer went up from the crowd. ?eg. ?

1He felt bright and cheerful and full of energy(活力). B cheerful : adj. 快乐的, 高兴的, 兴高采烈的 eg. ??

2 She gave a cheerful ___________.(快乐的笑容)/ He said these words with a cheerful ___________ (声音). ?

3. give ___________: △=run out用完, 耗尽=to come to an end 1 After a month their food supplies gave out. 2 Her patience(耐心) finally gave out. eg. ??

1The horse gave out. 马跑不动了。 △ to stop working 停止工作; 停止运转 eg. ?

2Her legs gave out (两腿发软)and she sat down on the floor. give sth. ____: 分发; 散发 =to give sth. to a lot of people ?

1 The teacher is giving out the exam papers. 2 The boy could give out food at the food bank. eg.??

3 The date of the election will be given out soon. 选举的日期很快就会宣布。 ?

eg. The sun gives us light and heat. give out sth.: 发出, 放出(热、光等) 12

4. volunteer: v. 义务做; 自愿做

△ volunteer sth. : 主动建议/告诉

△ volunteer______... : 自愿充当(……人)

△ volunteer ______sth. : 自愿为了 ……

△ volunteer to_____sth. : 自告奋勇做…… 1 1 She volunteered advice/information. eg. ?2 He volunteered his services as a driver. eg. ?2 3eg. Several staff members volunteered for early retirement(退休).

eg. Jill volunteered to organize a dinner party. 4

11.

1They are the____________________ (中国人民志愿军). volunteer: n. 义务工作者; 自愿者+ to do sth. eg. ?

2 Schools need volunteers to help children to read. 3 Are there any volunteers to help clear up(大清扫)? ??

这种志愿工作花费了他们每个人一周几个小时的时间。 4 This___________ work takes each of them several hours a week. ?

5 The three students plan to set up a student ______________project at their school. 这三个学生计划在他们学校启动一个学生志愿工程。 ?

5. come up ___________sth. : 想出; 提出 (主意、计划、回答等) ;拿出(一笔钱等)

1 She came up with a new idea for increasing sales. 2 How soon can you come up with(拿出) the money? eg. ??A come up ___________sb. : 走近, 走到跟前 eg. He came up to me and asked for a light.(借火) ?

B come up ___________sth. : 达到(某点); 达到(认可的水平或标准) ?

2 Their exam results didn't come up to the teacher's expectation(期盼). 1 The water came up to my neck. ?eg. ?

1 come___________发生 2 come ___________sb./sth. : 偶然 【拓展】 ◇◇

1 I came __________children sleeping under bridges. eg. Can you tell me how this came _________? eg. ?

3 come ___________sb. : 追赶, 追逐, 追随 2 She came ________some old photos in a drawer. ?◇

4 come _________: 跟着来, 进步, 进展, (用于祈使句) 赶快, 加把劲 ◇

5 come ___________sb. : 扑向(某人) ◇

1 I am glad you came along. eg. ?

2 Your English has come along a lot recently. ?

3 Come along! We're late already. ?

7 come ___________to sb. : 恢复记忆, 回想起来 ◇

eg. She came at me with a knife.

6 come___________ : 回来, 返回 ◇

eg. She came back very late last night.

8 come ___________to sth.: 回到(主题、想法等)上来 ◇

eg. Once you've been in France a few days, your French will soon come back.

9 come down ___________sb. : 斥责, 训斥, 惩罚 ◇

10

eg. It all comes back to a question of money.

◇ come down ___________sth.: 患,得, 染上(小病) eg. I think I'm coming down with flu. put off doing sth. 推迟做某事

eg. He keeps putting off going to the dentist.

B put sb. __________sth. /sb. : 搅扰; 使分神; 使失去兴趣 ○

eg. Don't come down too hard on her.

6. put sth. off=put off sth. : 推迟,延迟

1 We've had to put off our wedding until September. eg. ?

A put sb. _________: △ 使反感; 使疏远; 使不相信 ○

1

eg. She's very clever but her manner does tend(趋向于) to put people off. △ 取消, 撤销(与某人的会晤或安排)

2

1 Don't put me off when I'm trying to study. eg. ?

2 He was put off science by bad teaching. ?

3 The accident put her off driving for life. ?

2 put sth. ______: 将…放回; 推迟; 延迟; 向后拨 ◇

eg. It's too late to put them off now.

1 put sth. __________: △ 将…收起; 把…放回原处 【拓展】◇

1

eg. Please put away your toys after playing. △ 积蓄; 攒钱

2

1 If you use something, put it back! eg. ?

2 The meeting has been put back to next week. ?

3 Remember to put your clocks back tonight. ?

4 put sb. _________: 使(当众)出丑,使出洋相 ◇

eg. She has a few thousand dollars put away for her retirement.

3 put sth. ___________: 放下, 写下, (用笔等) 记下 ◇

1 Put that knife down before you hurt somebody! eg. ?

2 Put it down in your diary. ?

1 Firefighters soon put the fire out. / put out a candle eg. ?

2 Have you put the rubbish/trash out? ?

3 The plant (工厂) puts out 500 new cars a week. ?

4 Police have put out a description of the man they wish to question. ○

9 put sth. ___________: △ 提出(意见等) ◇

1

eg. Don't put me down by saying those words.

6 put sb. __________: 给某人添麻烦( 或增加额外工作等) ◇

5 put sth. ________: 熄灭, 扑灭, 将…扔到外面; 生产; 公布 eg. I hope our arriving late didn't put them out. ◇

7 put sth. ___________: 完成, 达成, 使成功 ◇

eg. We tried to put the deal (这笔生意) through.

8 put sth./sb. through (to sb....) ◇

给……接通(电话); 把……接到

eg. Could you put me through to the manager, please? ◇ put sb. ________: 留在某人家中

10

eg. He put up an argument (论据)/a proposal(建议) at the meeting. △ 提升, 升起, 举起; 张贴(海报等)

2

eg. We can put you up for the night.

11 put up_________...: 在……过夜 ◇

1 The students are putting up the national flag on the playground. eg. ?

2 She's put her hair up. / Please put up your hand. ?

3 They have put up a notice/poster on the wall. ?

◇ put sb. _______ _______sth. : 怂恿, 撺掇, 唆使

13

eg. We put up at a motel(汽车旅馆).

12 put up ___________sb./sth.: 容忍, 忍受 ◇

1 I don't know how she puts up with him. eg. ?

12.

eg. Some of the older boys must have put him up to it.

1

7. sign : n. △(C) 标志, 招牌, 标牌, 指示牌

1 People often see the road/traffic signs on the highway(公路). eg. ?

2 The sign on the wall said ' Now wash your hands'. ?

3 Follow the signs for the city center. ?

3at the first sign of trouble ?△ (C/U) 迹象, 征兆, 预兆 + of sth./ that...

1a sign of ________紧张的迹象 2____sign of John 没有约翰的影子 一有闹事的苗头 ??4_____some signs of improvement 5a good /sure sign 好/有把握征兆 6no sign of ______没有生活迹象 ???

eg. That she didn't refuse at once is a good sign. 出现了一些改进的迹象 eg. There was no sign of life in the house.

234

5

2 I'm not going to put up with their smoking any longer. ?

△ (C) 符合, 记号 eg. a plus/minus sign(+/-) △ (U) 星座 eg. What sign are you? △ (C) 示意的动作(或声音) ; 手势

8. notice : n. △(C) 通知; 通告; 布告 eg. 2 There was a notice on the board saying the meeting had been put off. ?

△(U) 注意; 理会; 觉察

1

2

1 Let's make some notices. ?

3 There are just two notices this week. ?

1 take ___________of : 注意 ◇

2 takenotice of : 不/别理会 ◇

eg. Don't take any notice of what you read in the papers.

3 : 将……引起某人的注意 ◇

4 one's notice : 引起某人的注意 ◇

eg. Take no notice of what he says.

eg. It was Susan who brought the problem to my notice.

eg. Normally (通常情况下), the letter would not have come to my notice.

2 notice sb./sth. do sth. (doing sth.) : ◇

△(U) 辞职信; 搬迁通知

notice : v. 注意到; 意识到; 注意

1 notice sb./sth. : ◇

3

1 He has handed in his notice. ?2 They gave her two weeks' notice. eg.?

1 I noticed them come in.

eg. ?

1I noticed the smell in the room. eg. ?

2 My husband hardly seems to notice me any more. ?

4 notice + wh-clause ◇

eg. Did you notice how she kept looking at her watch?

2 I didn't notice him leaving. ?

3 notice + that-clause ◇

eg. I couldn't help noticing that she was wearing a wig (假发).

5 get sb. /sth. noticed ◇

eg. She wears those strange clothes just to get herself noticed. 9. hand : v. 交, 递, 给

eg. She handed the letter_________ me.= She handed me the letter. hand sth.sb.=hand sb. sth.

A hand sth.(to sb.) 分发某物, 提出, 给予(建议、惩罚) 【动词搭配】 ○

1 Could you hand these books out, please? 2 He's always handing out advice to people. eg. ??B hand sth.归还某物 C hand sth.把某事物传下去 ??

D hand sth.把某事物交/留给某人使用(处理) ?

E hand sth.把(权利或责任/东西/武器等)移交给某人; ?

1 She resigned (辞职) and handed over to one young man. 2 He handed over a cheque(支票) for $ 200,000. eg. ??3 They handed the weapons over to the police. 4 He finally handed over his responsibility for the company last year. ??

1 I called again later. eg. ?10. call : v. △ telephone sb. (给……) 打电话

2 I called the office to tell them I'd be late. 3 My brother called me from Germany last night. ??

1 I'll call a taxi for you. =I'll call you a taxi. ?2 The doctor has been called to an urgent case(急症). △ 打电话叫 eg. ?

3 to call the fire department/the police/a doctor/an ambulance(救护车) △ 命名, 称呼, 把……叫做 ?

1 They decided to call their new baby Mike. 2 We call each other by our first names here. eg. ??

1 call sb.: 打电话给 eg. We could each call up 10 students and ask them to come. 【动词搭配】 ◇

2 call sth.使回忆起; 使想起 eg. The smell of the sea called up memories of her childhood. ◇◇3 call sb. : 叫走 eg. She was called away from the meeting to take an urgent phone call.

1She said she'd call back. ◇4 call (sb) : 回电话 eg. ?

2I'm waiting for someone to call me back with the result. ◇5 call sb. : (去)接eg. I'll call for you at 7 o'clock. ?

1

23

◇6 call sth. : 需要, (公开) 要求 ◇7 call : 打电话来(工作单位等)

◇8 call sb. : 召来, 叫来(服务) , 召唤, 呼唤

eg. The situation calls for _________ _________(快速行动). eg. Several people have called in sick today.

13.

1 Quick! Quick! Call in a doctor/the police! eg. ?2 Will you call the kids in for lunch? ?

9call sth.: 下令收回, 要求退回 eg. Cars with serious faults (瑕疵) have been called in. ◇

10call sth.: 取消,停止进行 ◇ call sb. : (短暂地)访问,邀请,要求(某人做某事) ◇

1 Let's call on John. 1 They have called off their engagement(婚约) . eg. ?eg. ?2 I now call on the chairman to speak. 2 The game was called off because of weather. ? ?

eg. She lives alone and often feels lonely. 11. lonely : adj. ( lonelier, loneliest) △ 孤独的, 寂寞的

eg. This is a lonely beach/farm/house/road. △ (only before noun) (of places) 偏僻的, 人迹罕至的

10

1

2

loneliness : n. (U) 孤独, 寂寞

1

eg. He has ever spent a period of loneliness in his life.

2

3

△ 努力做

12. care : v. (不可用于进行时) △ 关注,在意,担忧 △ 关心,关怀

1 caresth./sb. : 关注,在意,担忧,关心,关怀 【动词搭配】◇

1 She cares deeply about the environment issues(问题). 2 He cares about his employees. eg. ??2 caresb. : 照顾, 非常喜欢 3 not care for sb. /sth. 不喜欢 ◇◇

1 She moved back home to care for her elderly parents. 2 He cared for wife more than she realized. eg. ??1 He didn't much care for her friends. 2 I don't really care for spicy (辛辣的) food. eg. ??

照看小孩、老人、病人或物品两者 eg. We've asked my mother to take care of/look 【辨析】take care of:

look after:

都可用,(尤其是英国英语用look after)

after the kids while we're away.

13. several : pron. more than two but not many几个, 数个, 一些

1 Several letters arrived this morning. 2 He's written several books about China. eg. ??3 Several more people than usual came to the meeting. 4 If you're looking for a photo of Alice you'll find several in here. ??

1 She has a strong feeling of love for China. eg. ?14. strong : adj. △ 强烈的, 浓烈的, 醒目的,响亮的

2 a strong voice/ color/smell/ a face with strong features(特征) ?3 He spoke with a strong Donggang accent(口音). ?

1 Are you feeling stronger now after you rest? △ 强壮的, 健康的, 身体好的, 强健的 eg. ?

2 She wasn't a strong swimmer. / He's two strong arms 3 He's strong enough to lift a car. ??

1 be a little strong : (认为某人的话有失公允或过于苛刻时说) 有点严重 【词组】◇

2 be strong sth. : to be good at sth. 擅长某事 eg. I'm not very strong on dates. ◇

3 be sb's strong : 为某人的强项 eg. I'm afraid geography is not my strong suit. ◇

4 保持健康, 兴旺不衰 5 have a strong: 能忍受令人恶心的事 ◇◇

6 sb's best/strongest/winning card : eg. My grandmother is 90 and still going strong. ◇

某人的王牌, 最强有力的一招, 制胜的绝招 15. feeling : n. △(C) (内心和感官的) 感觉; 感触+ of sth.

1 I've got a tight feeling in my stomach. 2 She has a feeling of hunger/excitement/sadness. eg. ??

3 He never has guilty feelings(内疚感) when he does something wrong. ○4 I know the feeling. 我知道这种感受。 ?

1 ?△ + of sth. / + that... 想法, 看法, 信念 eg.

2 3 ??

1She had mixed feelings about giving up her job. eg. ?△ (U/C) + on/about sth. : 意见; 态度

2 I don't have any strong feelings about it one way or the other. △ (U) : 理解力; 领悟力; 敏感; 知觉 ?

1 She has a wonderful feeling for color. eg. ?△ feelings: (pl.) 情感; 感情

1 He hates talking about his feelings. 2 Langlang plays the piano with great feeling./ speak with feeling eg. ??2 3 I've lost all feeling in my legs. ??

2 no hard feelings : 不再生某人的气了 1 bad/ill feeling(s) : 恶感; 交恶; 不满; 反感 ◇【词组】◇

1

2

1

23

5

4

eg. There was a lot of bad feeling between the two boys.

3 a/that sinking feeling : 不祥的感觉 ◇

eg. —Someone's got to lose. —No hard feelings, Dave, eh?

4 have much/ no feeling(U) for...: 对……很有/没有同情心(爱) ◇

1 You have no feeling for the sufferings of others. eg. ?

2 She still had a lot of feeling for David. ?

1_______/________satisfaction from sth. ◇16. satisfaction : n. (U./C.) 满足, 满意

2 a look/smile of _______________________ ◇ 从某事中得到满足感

3 do... with ________________满意地做…… 心满意足的表情/笑容 ◇

14.

eg. She shows a smile of satisfaction.

4 give sb. the _____________of... ◇

5 to sb's s_________________: ◇

eg. She looked back on her career with great satisfaction.

让某人幸灾乐祸 eg. She didn't want to give him the satisfaction of seeing her cry. 使某人满意,使某人确信

1 To our satisfaction, he succeeded in doing it. eg. ?

1 Nothing satisfies him—he's always complaining. A satisfy : vt. 使满意,使满足 + sb./sth. eg. ??

2 No plan can satisfy everyone. 3 satisfy sb's hungry/curiosity/needs解饿、满足好奇心/需要 ??

B satisfying : adj. giving pleasure because it provides sth. you need or want令人满意的 ?

eg. a satisfying meal/experience可口的饭菜/令人满意的经历 It's satisfying to do sth.

eg. It's satisfying to play a game really well.

C satisfied : adj. 满意的, 满足的, 欣慰的 + ____________

sb. /sth. | that... satisfied customers ?

1 She's never satisfied with what she's got. 2 I'm satisfied that they are telling the truth. eg. ??

D satisfactory : adj. good enough for a particular purpose; acceptable令人满意的; 够好的; 可以的 ?

1 The work is satisfactory but not outstanding. 2 She gave us a satisfactory explanation/answer/solution. eg. ??

1 dance with/for joy高兴地舞蹈 ?17. joy : n. (U) 高兴, 愉快, 喜悦

3 to one's great joy : 让某人非常高兴的是 eg. To his great joy, she accepted. ?4 be a joy to do sth. : 是开心的事 eg. The game was a joy to watch. ?

1 full of the joys of___________: 快活极了; 非常愉快; 活泼愉快 【词组】◇

2 sb's pride and joy : 引以为傲的人(或事物)2. ◇

A joyful : adj. 高兴的,快乐的 3. 给予帮助_____________ ?

1 She gave a joyful laugh. 2 It was a joyful reunion (团聚4. 在外工作____________ eg. ??B joyless : adj. 不高兴的; 不快乐的 eg. ?

C joyous : adj. 高兴的; 快乐的 eg. joyous laughter ?

5. 生病的孩子们

________________________ 6. 使他们变得更高兴 _______________________ 7. 分发食物

_______________________ 8. 在食物救济站

_______________________ 9. 在一个课后学习项目中 _________________________ 10. 想出一个计划

_________________________ 11. 离现在只有两个星期 _________________________ 12. 推迟做计划

_________________________ 13. 张贴标牌

_________________________ 14. 做一些通告/通知 _________________________ 15. 分发 _______________ 16. 打电话给十个学生 _________________________ 17. 在养老院工作

18. owner : n. (C) 物主; 主人 own: adj. & v.

1 a boat / dog / factory owner 船主/狗的主人/厂主 eg. ?

2 The painting has been returned to its rightful owner(原主). ?

1

3 He's now the pride owner(得意的主人the owner of... ?

19. try : v. △ 试图; 想要; 设法; 努力1 What are you trying to do ? 2 eg. ??1 try one's best to do sth. 尽最大努力去做某事 2 ◇◇△ 试; 试用; 试做; 试验 1 Have you tried this new coffee? It's very good. eg. ?

2 Try these shoes for size—they should fit you. 3 ??4 John isn't here. Try phoning his home number. ?

1 try to do sth. 尽量去做某事 2 try doing sth. : 【区别】 ◇◇

1 You should try to eat more fruit. 2 eg. ??

你应该试试多吃水果,【词组】 你应该尽量多吃些水果。

1 try one's __________at sth.: 初试身手 2 ◇◇3 try sb's ________: 使不耐烦; 使忍无可忍 4 ◇◇

竭尽全力, 【动词搭配】

1 try _________sth. : 试图获得;力争赢得 2 try sth. on : 试穿◇◇3 try_____ for sth. : (esp.AmE.) 参加…选拔 eg. ◇

2

eg. She's trying out for the school play.

4 try sb./sth. out ___________sb. : ◇

试用某人; 测试; 试验

eg. They're trying out a new host for the show.

20. journey : n.(尤指长途)旅行; 行程

1 go ____a train journey : 乘火车旅行 eg. ◇

_________________________ 18. 帮忙干_______________

15.

2 have a _________journey : 一路顺风 eg. Did you have a good journey? 19. 给某人读报 ◇

3 break one's journey: 停留休息 eg. We broke our journey in Shanghai. ________________________ ◇

4 go_______ a 6000-mile journey read sb. like a book ___________________ 作行程6,000英里的旅行 ◇

20. 照顾老人_________________________ 21. raise: v. △ 募集, 筹募; 征集; 召集; 组建

1 We're raising money for an charity. raise money ______sth.为……而筹款 21. 是(变老) ___________ eg. ?

2 He set about raising an army. raise an___________组建军队 22. 放弃几个小时 ?

__________________________ eg. raise a_____________养育一个家庭 △ 抚养, 养育, 培养

23. 一位兽医__________________________ △ 提升, 举起, 提起; 引起; 导致

1 raise one's_________举目 eg. She raised her eyes from her work. 24. 在兽医院 ?

1

23

2 raise sb. to one's_________站立 eg. He tried hard to raise himself to his feet. ________________________ ?

3 raise one's_________提高声音 25. 未来的梦想工作 eg. I've never heard him even raise his voice. ?

4 raise sb's hopes: 让某人期望过高 eg. We don't want to raise her hopes. __________________________ ?

5 raise fears in sb's mind : 引起某人恐惧 26. 在…脸上高兴的神色 __________________________ ?

6

27. 一位爱书的人 ?

1 _____________________ 【词组】◇

2 _____________________ ◇

3 29. 参加……选拔 ◇4 _____________________ ◇

5 30. 课后阅读项目 ◇

6 ______________________ ◇

31. 同时_________________ 1 32. 自愿去做某事 ?

2 ______________________ ?

3 33. 太忙于 ______________ ?

4 在学校周围______________ ?

【词组】

捐款 _________________ 做…为了娱乐___________ 不太有运气___________ 募捐__________________ 无家可归的人_____________ 独自旅行 ________________ 钱用光了

长得像我妈_______________ 与……相似_______________

44. 儿童之家

__________________________

1 ◇

2 ◇

△ 1 ?

3 do... alone ?

2

【词组】

3____it alone : ◇

3

△ 1_______all alone ?

2______alone ?

△ (4

5

46. 把它捐了_____________ △ (4 47. 破损自行车零件 【词组】◇

5 _________________________ ◇

1 eg. ?

2 ?

23. repair: v. 1 eg. ?

49. 残疾人

__________________________

16.

2 It's almost 15 years old. It isn't worth having it repaired. 50. 建立动物帮手机构 ?

__________________________ △ 补救, 纠正, 弥补 eg. It was too late to repair the damage done to their relationship. 51. 对某人来说使有可能做某事 ______________________________ repair: n. (C./U.) 修理,修补,修缮

1 There is a TV repair shop. 2 They agreed to pay the costs of any repairs. 52. 拥有"幸运儿" __________ eg. ??

1________repair 待修 eg. I took my bike in for repair. 53. 产生巨大影响________________________ ◇

2in _______of repair 需要维修 eg. The building was in need of repair. 54. 使用的好___________________ ◇

3_________repair 无法修复 eg. The car was damaged beyond repair. 55. 正常的事 __________________ ◇

4_________repair 正在维修 eg. The hotel is recently under repair. 56. 开关门_____________________ ◇

1 in good /bad repair 状况良好/不佳 57. 一支特殊训练的狗_________________________ 【词组】 ◇

2 in a good/bad state of repair 58. 对……兴奋__________________________ ◇

59. 六个月的训练___________________________ 24. fix: v. △ repair or correct sth. 修理; 校准; 校正

1 The car won't start—can you fix it? 2 I've fixed the problem. 60. 对…是个好名字_______________ eg.??

1 to fix a shelf to the wall 61. 由于你的善良__________________ △ to put sth. firmly in a place so that it ?

2 to fix a post in the ground will not move安装; 使固定 62. 发出命令______________________ ?

63.懂很多英语词汇__________________________ △ to decide on a date, time, amount, ect. for sth. 确定, 决定

1 Has the date of the next meeting been fixed? ?2 They fixed the rent at £100 a week. 64. 一条神奇的狗 eg. ?

3 Their prices are fixed until the end of the year. __________________________ ?

65. 改变了某人的生活 △ to arrange or organize sth. 安排; 组织fix sth.___________sb.

1 I'll fix a meeting. 2 How are you fixed for Thursday? __________________________ eg. ??

3 Don't worry. I'll fix it with him. 4 I've fixed for us to go to the theatre next week. 66. 自愿者工作 ??

__________________________ △ to provide or prepare sth. esp. food 提供,准备(尤指食物) fix sth. ____sb.

1 Can I fix you a drink? 2 Can I fix a drink for you? ?3 I'll fix supper. 67. 在博物馆当一位向导 eg. ??

__________________________ 【词组】fix sb. with a look/stare/gaze : 定睛凝视(某人) eg. He fixed her with an angry stare.

1fix sth. ________: 修理; 装饰; 准备好 68. 在……学得好be s___________ in 【动词搭配】 ◇

1 They fixed up the house before they moved in. ?2 I fixed it up. 69. 建立热线直播节目中心 eg. ?

2 fix sb. ___with sb. : 给…介绍(男友、女友) eg. She fixed me up with a boyfriend yesterday. _________________________ ◇

3 fix sb. ____with sth. : 向某人提供; 给某人准备; 安顿 eg. I'll fix you up with a place to stay. 70. 非常奏效______________ ◇

4 fix ________sb./ sth. : to choose sb./sth. 选定; 决定 ◇三、根据汉语意思完成单词。

1 They've fixed on Paris for their holiday. ?2 Have you fixed on a date for meeting? 1. Chinese people have got rid eg. ?

5 fix sth. _________sb./ sth. : 集中(目光、注意力、思想等) of __________(饥饿). ◇

2. Many children became __________(无 25. give sth. _________: △ to give sth. as a gift 赠送, 捐赠

1 He gave away most of his money to charity. 家可归) after the flood. eg. ?

2 Check out the prices of our pizzas—we're virtually(实际上) giving them away! 3. Can’t you see the_________ ?

(标牌)”No parking ”at the corner? △ to present sth. 颁发, 分发 △ 失去, 丧失,错失(优势)

1 The mayor(市长) gave away the prizes at the school sports meet. 4. I can’t stand the __________(广告) that eg. ?

2 They've given away two goals already. suddenly appear when the TV plays are on. ?

1 His voice gave him away. 5. We have decided to__________ give sth. /sb. _________: 泄露; 暴露 eg. ?

2 She gave away state secrets (国家秘密) to the enemy. (建立) up a new department. ?

3 It was supposed to be a surprise but the children gave the game away. 6. Jim is ________(相似的)to his brother. ?

1 give sb. _______sth. =give sth. back to sb. 归还; 送回 7. There’s something wrong 【动词搭配】 ◇

2 give______to sb./sth. : 屈服, 认输, 投降, 让步, 勉强同意 with my bike. Can you___________ (修理) it up? ◇

3 give _________sth.: 发出, 放出 (气味、热、光等) 8. You could __________(训练) a basketball team for kids. ◇

4 give_____: 别再…了; 到此为止吧; 住手+sth./doing sth. 9. out the exam ◇

1 Give over, David! You're hurting me. ?2 Give over complaining! papers just now. eg. ?

5 give oneself over(up) ______sth. : 致力于, 沉溺于 10. up with an idea to the problem. ◇212345123

17.

26. take ________sb. : △ (无被动语态和不用进行时) (外貌或行为)像 111. after his grandmother.

Let’s eg. Your daughter doesn't take after you at all. 212. Don’t be sad

our supper off till 8:00 p.m.

14. △ 追赶; 跟踪eg. I was afraid that if I started running the man would take after me. 1 take sth. _________: 解除; 消除(感情、痛苦等) 【动词搭配】 ◇eg. I was given some pills and take away the pain.

2 take sth. ________: 退回; 同意收回(退货); 收回(说过的话) 15. ◇

3 take sth. ________: 拆除; 拆掉; 拆卸; 往下拽; 写下; 记录 16. I’m sorry that I didn’t oany food to them. ◇1 to take down a tent 2 Reporters took down every word of his speech. 17. eg. ??

4 take sb. _________: 留宿; 收留; 欺骗; 蒙骗 plant trees for the 2008 Olympics. ◇

1 He was homeless, so we took him in. ?2 Don't be taken in by his charm—he's ruthless. 18. Uncle Wang helped us eg. ?

5 take sth. ______: 吸入; 吞入(体内); 改小(瘦); 包括; 包含; 注意到; 看到 up the computer. ◇

6 take (sth.) ______: (飞机等) 起飞; 迅速流行;脱下(衣服); 摘下; 休息;休假 18. He can’t see anything. He is ◇

1The plane took off an hour late. 2 The new magazine has really taken off. b___________. eg. ??

3She took off her shoes and came in. 4 I've decided to take a few days off next week. 19. “Animal Helpers” is an o_______ ??

7 take sb. _______: 聘用; 雇佣 eg. She was taken on as a trainee(实习生). set up to help disabled people. ◇

8 take sth. ______: 呈现; 具有 eg. His voice took on a more serious tone. 20. I’m able to have a “dog-helper” ◇

9 take to sb./sth.: 开始喜欢; 对…产生好感 eg. He hasn't taken to his new school. because of your k__________. ◇

10 take sth. ______: 接受; 接管 eg. The new company was taken over by him. 四、根据中文意思完成英文句子, ◇

1 破损的; 伤残的; 残缺的; 中止了的; 破坏的 每空一词。 27. broken: adj. ◇

1 a broken window/ plate 2 a broken leg/arm/ The TV's broken. 1. 野餐过后你一定要收拾干净。 eg. ??

3 pieces of broken glass 4 How did the dishYou should always _______ ____ after a picnic. ??

2 不连续的; 间断的; 不流利的 1 a night of broken sleep 2. 当他们听到这个好消息时,他们都欢呼了起来。 ◇eg. ?

2 to speak in broken English 3 a single broken white line 断断续续的白线 They all______ ______ when ??they heard this good news. broken-down: adj. 状况很差的; 出故障的; 衰弱的 eg. a broken-down old car/horse

A broken _________: 破碎的心; 哀恸 3. 我们不能拖延制定计划了。 【搭配】?

eg. No one ever died of a broken heart. broken-hearted : adj. 伤心极了 We can’t________ _______ ________ a plan. B broken _________: 破碎的家庭 eg. She comes from a broken home. 4. 你能想出一个解决这个问题的方法吗? ?

2 (汽车等的)方向盘 1车轮; 轮子 Can you ________ _________ _________ a ◇28. wheel : n. (C) ◇

1 He braked(刹车) suddenly, causing the front wheels to skid(打滑). good idea to solve this problem? eg. ?2 One of the boys was pushing the other along in a little box 5. 他们在城市中心建了一个大广场。 ?

3 This is the first time I've sat since the accident. 坐在方向盘前 They _______ _______ a big ?

4 A car swept past with Tom . (驾着车) square in the center of the city. ?

5 Do you want to 学开车) 6. 我很外向,我跟我的父亲很像。I’m outgoing. ?

1oil the wheels (BrE.) (尤指在商业上或政治上) my father. 【词组】 ◇

grease the wheels 起促进作用 7. 为什么不考虑把会议延期呢? Why not consider 2 put one's _________to the wheel : 着手大干起来; 全力以赴 ◇

3 put a spoke(自行车的辐条) in sb.'s wheel : (BrE.) 破坏某人的计划; 阻挠某人的行动 8. 她每个星期天弹钢琴。 ◇

1 a business letter 商务信函 She eg. ?29. letter : n. (C) 信,函; 字母

2 a thank- _________letter感谢信 3to _______a letter : (BrE.) 寄信 9. 我不但会唱歌而且会跳舞。 ??

4 a letter of complaint/sympathy 5to ______a letter : (AmE.) 寄信 _____ _____can I sing but also I can dance. ??

6 There's your mother. 投诉/慰问信 10.他过去常吃面条,但现在习惯吃水饺。 ?

7___letter通过信函 eg. They are communicating with each other by letter. He used noodles, but now ?

8 in capital/small letters 用大写/小写 eg. Write your name in capital letters. he is used dumplings. ?

【词组】_________the letter : 不折不扣; 丝毫不差; 精确地 五、单项选择。

1 I followed your instructions to the letter. ?2 He followed her words to the letter. 1. —I want to help hungry people. eg.?

18.

—You could__________ food at a food bank. 30. set sth. _________: △ 建立; 设立; 设置

1 The police set up roadblocks on routes out of the city. A . give out B. take out C. work out D. check out eg. ?

2 They set up a call-in center for parents. 2. You could visit _____children in the hospital and_____ them_____. ?

eg. She set up a new TV in her living room. A. ill, set , up B. sick, clean, up △ 安装好; 装配好; 调试好

eg. I've set up a meeting for Friday. C. sick, cheer, up D. ill, give ,up △ 安排; 策划

eg. A fund(基金) will be set up for the dead men's families. 3. Jim, could you help me _______my homework? △ 创建; 建立; 开办

eg. The slump on Wall Street A. on B. in C. about D. with △ 引发; 产生

in stock markets around the world. 4. We can’t put off ________ a plan.

1

2

3

4

5

华尔街股价暴跌在全球股票市场上引起了连锁反应。 set oneself up _________sb. : 立业; 开始从事

eg. After leaving college, he set himself up as .

A. make C. making

B. to make to making

5. Not only Jim but also Mr Wang __________ very happy today. A. feel C. is feel A. look after C. take after

B. feels D. are feeling B. run after D. take back

31. disabled : adj. 丧失能力的; 有残疾的; 无能力的

1 He was born disabled. eg. ○

2 physically/mentally disabled ○

4 the disabled: 残疾人 ○

3 facilities (设备)for disabled people ○

A disable : v使丧失能力的; 使伤残 eg. He was disabled in a car accident. ○

B disabling : adj. 导致残缺的 eg. a disabling illness/ condition ○

C disablement : n. (U) 残缺; 伤残; 失去能力 ○

6. my mother.

32. difference : n. (C/U) 差别, 不同(之处), 变化(之处), 差额, 意见分歧; 不和

1 There are (没有差异) eg. ○

2 I can never between the twins. (判断差异) ○

7. Tim’s computer is broken. Let’sfor him. A. fix up it C. to fix up it

B. fix it up D. to fix it up

a ______of difference: 天壤之别 eg. There's a world of difference between them.

3 have one's differences : 有分歧 ○

8. —CDs about Shang Wenjie? —Sorry, I don’t have.

A. some, some B. any, any C. some, any D. any, some

9.

A. to B. with A. give it up C. give it away

C. at D. for B. give it out D. give it off

10.

eg. We have our differences, but she's still my sister.

4 ____________one's differences : 解决分歧,消除隔阂 ○

eg. Why don't you settle your differences and be friends again?

1 make____/______/______ect. difference in /to sb./sth. 【词组】 ◇

有/没有/有些等作用/关系/影响

1 Changing schools made a big difference to my life. eg. ○

2 —Shall we go on Friday or Saturday? —It makes no difference to me. ○

3 The rain didn't make much difference to the game. ○

4 Your age shouldn't make any difference to whether you get the job or not. ○

5 I don't think it makes a lot of differences what color it is. ○

6 What difference will it make if he knows or not? ○

2 make all the difference to sb./sth. : 关系重大; 不大相同 ◇

11. They set up an English club________ students improve their English. A. help C. to help

B. helped D. to helping

12. A friend of _________said that she would like to help me out.

A. I B. me C. my D. mine 13. Wood is used to________ paper.

A. make B. makes A. don’t need come C. needn’t come

C. made D. making B. don’t need coming D. need not to come

C. of D. over

14. You__________to the meeting if you are so busy.

eg. A few kind words at the right time make all the difference.

3 same difference : (spoken) 差不多一样 ◇

eg.—That's not a horse. —It's a house. —Same difference.

4 with a difference : (用于名词后) 引人注目; 与众不同 ◇

eg. The traditional backpack with a difference—it's waterproof(可以防水).

5 sink one's differences : 摒弃分歧; 搁置歧见 ◇

eg. We need to sink our differences and present a united opposition to the plan.

6 a /the world of difference : 完全不同, 是两码事 ◇

15. The box is filled__________ books.

A. with B. about

eg. There's a world of difference between liking someone and loving them.

16. Never________ till tomorrow what you can do today. 32. blind: adj. 瞎的; 失明的 (blinder; blindest)

1 go blind : 变得失明 eg. Doctors think he will go blind. C. put off D. put on A. put up B. put down ◇

19.

2 be blind : 失明 ◇

3 be blind_______sth. : ◇

eg. One of her parents is blind. 17. A lot of meetings were_________ because of the dangerous disease. A. turned off B. set off C. put off

D. taken off

18. Remember to_______ the lights when you leave your classroom. A. turn on C. turn up

B. turn off D. turn down

(对某事) 视而不见; 未察觉的

1 She is blind to her husband's faults(过错). eg. ○

2 I must have been blind not to realize the danger we were in. ○

1 (as) blind as a _________: (幽默) 视力不佳 【词组】◇

2 not a blind bit of...=not the blindest bit of...: 丝毫没有 ◇

1 He didn't notice of me. eg. ○

2 It won'tdifference. ○

3 turn a blind eye_____sth. : (对某事)佯装不见; 睁一只眼闭一只眼 ◇

3 be blind _______birth : 天生失明 ◇4 a blind school 盲人学校 ◇

5 be blind in(of) one eye/the right(left) eye/ of both eyes ◇

19. Not only _________run his machine, but _________repair it. A. can he, he can C. he can, can he A. pick them up C. pick it up A. give up C. give away soon as possible.

B. he can, he can D. can he, can he B. pick up them D. pick up it B. give in D. give off

33. deaf : adj. 聋的 deafer; deafest

1 go/become deaf : 变聋 ◇

3 be born deaf : 天生耳聋 ◇

2 be deaf : 是聋的 ◇

4 be deaf to sth. : 不愿听 ◇

20. There are some books on the floor. Would you like to________?

eg. He was deaf to my requests for help.

1 (as) deaf) as a_____: 全聋; 聋得什么也听不见 【词组】◇

2 fall _________deaf ears : 不被理睬; 不被注意; 被置若罔闻 ◇

21.

eg. Her advice fell on deaf ears.

3 turn a deaf ear ____sb./sth. : (对……) 置之不理, 充耳不闻 ◇

22. A. keep up with B. catch up with C. think up D. keep in touch with 23. A. looks after C. looks for A. repaired C. set up A. set off C. build A. School work C. A food bank They’re dirty. C. cheer up

C. help, with C. catch up

B. looks like D. follows B. cheered up D. looked up B. establish D. put up B. Bike D. Repair bikes A. clean up D. use up

D. help, to D. catch up with

eg. He turned a deaf ear to the rumors(谣言).

4 be deaf of an(in one) ear ◇

1

2

聋了一只耳朵

34. imagine: v. △ 想象; 设想 △ 误以为, 胡乱猜想, 猜测

A imagine sth. ○

eg. I can't imagine life without the children now.

C imagine sb. doing sth. ○

B imagine doing sth. ○

1 She imagined walking into the office and handing in her resignation(辞呈) . eg.○

2 I can just imagine him saying that. ○

D imagine+ that-clause ○

E imagine + wh-clause ○

24.

1 Close your eyes and imagine (that) you are in a forest. eg. ○

2 He's always imagining (that) we're talking about him behind his back. ○

3 Can you imagine what it must be like to lose your job after 20 years? ○

25. They’re going to

△ 料想, 认为 eg. I don't imagine (that) they'll refuse.

3

F imagine + so ○G imagine + not ○26. —Where would you like to work? —.

1 —Can we still buy tickets for the concert? —I imagine so. eg. ○

2 —Is there going to be a film tonight? —I imagine not. ○

1 imaginative : adj. 富于想象力的; 创新的 un+ ∽ (反义) □

2 imaginatively : adv. □

1

27. the city park?

3 imagination : n.(U./C.) □

35. difficulty: n. △(C./U.) 困难; 难题; 难事; 困境

1 ____________difficulties ○

2 run ___difficulties/difficulty ○

3 ________into difficulties ○

4 be ____difficulty/difficulties ○

5 ___________difficulty ○

B. set up

学习困难 遇到困难 陷入苦难 在困难中 轻而易举

28. I’m not very busy. I’d like to A. help, to A. come up

B. helping, to B. come up with

29. a plan. Let’s have lunch first. 30. What do you like doing?

A. play the football C. play football

B. playing football D. playing the football

6 have difficulty (in) __________sth. ○做某事有困难

with little/no difficulty

△ (U) 艰难; 困难; 费劲; 辛苦

2

1 I had much difficulty in persuading(劝说) her to leave. eg. ○31. Jin.

20.

2 I had no difficulty (in) making myself understood. ○

3 The changes were made with little difficulty. ○

4 He spoke slowly and with great difficulty. ○

5 We found the house without difficulty. ○

1

A. calling up B. call

A. will send B. will take A. want, left C. wants, leaves A. working

C. calling D. call up

32. The volunteer work each of them several hours a week.

C. will pay D. will cost B. will want, leaves D. will want, will leave

D. walking D. cleans D. To being D. plan D. put up

33.

36. open: vt.& vi. △ 开; 打开; 张开; close

1 Mr. Chen opened the car door ________his wife. eg. ○

2 The door opened and Alan walked in. ○

3 Shall I open another bottle? ○

4 He opened the letter and read. ○

5 She hardly ever opens her mouth. ○

6 Open your books ___page 25. /Open the map ___the table. ○

34. in an animal hospital.

B. looking C. reading

C. cheer C. To C. will plan C. put on

35. A. clean B . cheers A. Being A. plan to A. put off

B. Be B. will plan to B. put away

36. ____________a volunteer is great.

37. 38. Don’tthe meeting. Because it’s important. 39.

A. repair B. repairing C. repaired D. repairs 40. A. ran out B. ran out of A. give up 1. A set up C. look like 3. A. give out C. give away 4. A. not…any more C. not …at all 5. A. work out B. mend

B. fix up B. look after

C. run out of C. cheer up C. start B. be similar to D. hand out B. put away D. no more B. no longer D. no more C. fix up

D. repair D. run out D. put up D. set off

41. You shouldn’t _________your hope. Everything will be better.

△ 开始营业; 开业

2

1 What time does the bank open? eg. ○

2 The company opened its doors for business a month ago. ○

△ 让(行人、车辆、货物等) 通行; 开放

3

1 The road will be opened again in a few hours after eg. ○

the police have cleared it.

2 When did the country open its borders(边界)to ○

Western business?

1open doors ____sb.: 为…敞开大门, 提供良好及 【词组】 ◇

2 open one's/sb's eyes _________sth. : ◇

(使人) 长见识(或开眼界、认清事实)

eg. Traveling really opens your eyes to other cultures. 3 open the _______for sb./sth. to do sth. 开方便之门 ◇

4 open one's ______to sb. 向某人敞开心扉; 倾诉衷肠 ◇

1 open into/onto sth. : 通向,通往(他处) 【动词搭配】◇

2 open ________ : 变大; 变宽 ◇

六、从A、B、C、D四个选项中找出一个意义不同的选项。

2. A. take after

eg. The street opened out into a small square.

3 open out _________sb. : 不再害羞,大方起来 ◇

4 open _____: □1 畅所欲言 ◇

2 开门; 营业; 开业 □

eg. It helps to discuss your problems but I find it hard to open up.

1 I open up the store for the day at around 8:30. eg. ○

2 There is a new restaurant opening up in town. ○3 张开,裂开 □

4 打开,翻开 □

七、句型转换。

1. The girl looks like her mother very much. (改为同义句) The girl _________ ________ her mother very much. 2. My teacher told me. Don’t be late again. (合并为同义句) My teacher told me________ ________ be late again. 3. Water and food have run out. (改为同义句) We have _______ ________ _______water and food. 4. He is talking to his friends on the phone. (改为同义句) He is _________ __________ his friends. 5. I can use my arms and legs well. (改为否定句) I__________ use my arms __________ legs well. 6. Are you angry? (用unhappy改为选择疑问句) __________you angry________ __________? 7. Being angry is easy. (改为同义句)

1 The wound opened up and started bleeding. eg. ○

2 She laid the book flat and opened it up. ○

37. door: n. △ 门

1

△ 出入口; 门口

2

1 a _______ on the door eg. ○敲门

2 to_____/_____/______/ slam /____/ bolt the door ○

开/关/闭/砰地关上/锁/闩门

3 to _______the door ○

4 the______/_____ door ○

5 the ________door ○

6 the __________ door ○

1 come ______the door eg. ○

应门 前/后门 卧室门 冰箱门 踏进门

21.

2 to walk _____the door ○

走出门 △ 住户; 人家

4

It_________ easy________ _______angry.

8. The sports meeting will be put off because it is raining.(改为同义句)

The sports meeting will be put off________ ______rain. __________ _________you_______ to do?

10. Lily doesn’t have a computer. Lucy doesn’t have it ,either. (合并为一句)

_______ ________Lily______ ______Lucy______ ________a computer.

11. Last year my father didn’t smoke any more. (改为同义句) Last year my father__________ __________.

12. He told the teachers about his problems. (改为一般疑问句) ______ _______ _______ the teachers about his problems? 13. Tom is similar to his father. (改为同义句)

Tom _________ __________ his father.

14. It took us about two days to do the job. (改为同义句) _______ _______ about two days ________ the work. 15. (就划线部分提问) ______ ______ _______ ______ could you________?

9. 对画线部分提问)

△ 门边; 门旁

3

1_____the door : 在门口 ◇

2 live three doors: 三户住户 ◇

1 There's someone at the door. eg. ○

2 'Can I help you? ' asked the man at the door. ○

3 The family lives three doors up from us. ○

4 Our other branch(分店) is just a few doors down the road. ○

1 be _________ the door : 【词组】◇

把门(在戏院、夜总会等门口做检票等工作)

2 close/shut the door ________sth.: ◇

使不可能; 拒……于门外; 把……的门堵死

3 from ________to ______: 挨家挨户 ◇

eg. The journey takes about an hour, door to door.

4 (open) the door ____sth.: (为…提供)达到目的的手段 ◇

eg. Our courses are the door to success in English.

5 leave the door open ____sth. : 不把门堵死,保留可能性 ◇

5 out ______doors = in the open air 在户外, 露天 ◇

eg. You should spend more time out of doors in the fresh air.

6 shut/slam the door _____sb's face : 蒋某人拒之门外 ◇

7 by/through the back door : 走后门(通过不正当或间接方法) ◇

8 beat a path(小路) to sb's door: 使门庭若市;蜂拥而至 ◇

9 ________its doors: 停业,歇业,关闭 ◇

八、根据本单元所学内容完成短文。

A. Students Who Volunteer

Some students from Riverside High School, for example Mario Green and Mary Brown, gave __________ several hours each week to help others.

Mario loves animals and wants to be an _______doctor. He v______________ at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. Mario believes it can help him a _____and learn ________about how to care ___________animals. He can

◇ _______closed doors : 与外界隔绝; 秘密地; 暗地里

10

11 open doors ____sb. : 为……敞开大门;提供良好机会 ◇

12 ________sb. the door: 下逐客令;要某人离开 ◇

13 keep the wolf _________the door : 勉强度日, 糊口 ◇

38. carry: v. △ 拿; 提; 扛; 般; 背

1

get such a strong feeling of _______________when he sees the animals get better and the look of ___________on their owners' faces. Mary, however, a book ___________, could read _______herself at the age of four. Last year, after trying ________for a volunteer

after-school __________program, Mary still works there now to help kids learn to read. 'Each new book can make the kids go ________a different journey in their eyes.' Mary said. She can do what she loves to ________and helps others __________the same time.

1 He is carrying things for the old lady. eg. ○

2 He was carrying a suitcase. (提着箱子) ○

3 She carried her baby in her arms. ○

△ 能记住; 能回想起 carry sth. in one's head/mind

2

△ 支撑; 承载

3△ 携带; 佩带

4

1 The road bridge has to carry a lot of traffic. eg. ○

2 Police in many countries carry____. (携带武器) ○

【词组】

1 be/get carried________: 变得很激动; 失去自制力 ◇

2 carry the can _________ sb./sth. : ◇

B. A Letter To Miss Li

Ben Smith wrote a thank-_____ letter to Miss Li. In the letter, he wants to thank her for giving money to Animal __________, which was set ______to help disabled people. Just because of her generous donation(慷慨的捐助), Ben was able to have Lucky, a s___________ trained dog. Lucky makes a big _______________to Ben's life.

Ben is a disabled person, who can't use his arms or legs ________, so he can't do normal things like ____________

承受责难; (尤指)代人受过;背黑锅

3 _______/win the day : 得胜;占上风 ◇

4 carry/take sth. too far : 做得过分 ◇

5 as fast as your legs can carry you : as quickly as you can尽快 ◇

6 _______and carry (for sb.) : (为某人) 打杂; 当听差; 跑腿 ◇

【动词搭配】

1 carry sb. _______to sth. 使回想起; 使回忆起 ◇

1

2

the telephone,___________ and _____________doors, or _________ things. But a friend of his helped him _________through Lucky.

Ben loves animals and he was excited _________the idea of

2 carry sth._____: △ 赢得; 获得 △ 成功地对付 ◇

22.

3 carry ______: △ 继续移动 ◇

1

1 eg. ○

2 ○

4 carry on_____◇

1 eg. ○

2 ○

3 ○

5 carry sth. ______: △ 履行; ◇

1

eg. to carry out a promise/a threat(△ 完成(任务) eg. 2

6 carry sb.__________◇

帮助……渡过难关

7 carry sth. through : ◇

eg. 8 ◇

eg. 39. train : v. 训练; 培训; 1 train sb. as / in / for sth. □

1 eg. ○

2 ○

3 ○

2 train sb. to do sth. □

2 ○

1 eg. ○

2 They train dogs to sniff(嗅出 ○

【搭配】train sth. at/on sb./sth. :

(written) 把(eg. A trainee : n. 接受培训者; ○

B trainer: ○

=training shoe =sneaker △ 教员; 驯兽师; 教练员

2

1 teacher trainers: eg. ○

2 ○

40. training : n. (U) + ____1 eg. ○

2 ○training college : n. (BrE.) eg. a police training college

41. 刺激; 使紧张不安; 激发; 引发; 1 eg. ○

2 Don't excite yourself. ○

3 ○

23.

A

;

excitedly ○

1

1 ______change : 无变化 ◇2 hate changes ◇

3 ______ /political / economic changes 社会/政治/经济变革 ◇

4 a _________change 可喜的变化 ◇

5 _____a change 换一换 ◇

6______a change 变换一下 ◇

1The children were excited about opening their presents. eg. ○

2 I'm really excited at the thought of studying abroad. ○

3 Don't be too excited by the sight of your name in print. ○

1 Let's stay in tonight for a change. eg. ○

2 Can you just listen for a change? ○

3 ○

7 a change of_______: 地址的变更 ◇

8 a change of _______◇

△ be excited+ to do sth.

2

1 He was very excited to be asked to speak. eg. ○

2 The new restaurant is nothing to get excited about. ○

3 An excited crowd of people gathered(聚集) around her. ○9 a change of______: 一双替换的鞋 ◇

B exciting : adj. 令人激动的; 使人兴奋的 ○

1 He waited and waited for something exciting to happen. eg. ○

2 I still find the job exciting. ○

1 Don't forget your change! △(U) 找给的零钱; 找头eg. ○

2

2 The ticket machine gives change. ○3 That's 40 yuan change. ○

△ (U) 辅币, 硬币, 分币

3

C excitement : n (U) 激动; 兴奋; 刺激 ○

1 cause great excitement : 引起兴奋不已 ○

2 feel a thrill of excitement : 感到一阵激动 ○

3 with excitement : 激动 ○4 in one's excitement: 激动 ○

1 Do you have any change for the phone? eg. ○

2 I didn't have any ○

3 Could you give me change for a ten pound note? ○

1 a change of__________: 改变态度(看法) 【词组】 □2 a change of___________: 改变主意 □

3 a change for the _________/_______: 变好/变坏 □

42. kindness : n. △ (U) 仁慈; 善良; 体贴; 宽容

1

eg. to treat sb. with kindness and consideration (待人体贴周到) △2

★ change: vt. &vi. △ 变化; 改变

1

名声) hasn't really changed him ______A to /into B (使) 变换; 改换; 变成

魔杖一挥), she changed the

change sb./sth. (______替代; 替换;

change sth. (______sth. ) 更换

1 We changed our car for a bigger one. ○

She changed her name to his. 她改用了他的姓。 I want to change my doctor./ We change our car every two years. change + 复数宾语 (with sb.) 互换; 交换

1 Can we change seats?=Can I change seats with you? eg. ○

2 At half-time the teams changed ends. ○

△ change (_______ 换衣服; 更衣

5

change (out ______

1 I went into the bedroom to change. eg. ○

2 She changed _____her swimsuit and went swimming. ○

3 You need to change out ________those wet things. ○

4 I didn't have time to ○

5 I didn't have time to ○

1 change________: 换主人; 易主; 转手 【词组】 ◇

2 change one's __________: 改变决定 ◇

3 change one's __________: 换个活法 ◇

4 change one's _____: 改变调子;改变态度; 变卦 ◇

5 chop and change: (BrE.) 变化无常; 反复变换 ◇

24.

Unit 3. Could you please clean your room?

一、单词学习:

1(U) (esp. BrE.) 垃圾; 废弃物 1. rubbish : n. □

1 a rubbish _______ /_____ ○垃圾袋/桶 2 a rubbish dump/heap/tip ○垃圾场/堆/倾倒处 3 garden/household rubbish 花园/生活垃圾 ○

4 The streets were littered______ rubbish. 到处是垃圾 ○

I work my happiness.

2 (U) (esp. BrE.) 劣质的东西; 废话; 瞎说 我劳动我快乐! □

1 I thought the play was rubbish! 2 Do we have to listen to this rubbish music? 3 Rubbish! You're not fat! ○○○4 You're talking a load of rubbish!(一堆废话) 5 It's not rubbish—it's true! ○○1 拿出; 取出 2. take out : □A take sth. out : 2 切除; 摘除 ○□

3 获得; 领到 □

B take sb./ sth. out : 4 杀死; 毁灭 ○□

C take sth. out ____sth. : 扣除;减去; 抽出 ○

D take it/sth. out ____sb. : 向…发泄;拿…撒气 ○

E take sb. out of themselves: 使摆脱苦恼 ○

1 fold sth. (up) 3. fold : vt. 折叠; 对折 □

1 He folded the map up and put it in his pocket. eg.○

eg. He took some keys out of his pocket. eg. How many teeth did the dentist take out? eg. They took out an ad in a newspaper. (在报纸上刊登) eg. They took out two enemy bombers(轰炸机). eg. The fine will be taken out of your wages(工资).

1 OK, so you had a bad day. Don't take it out on me. eg. ○

2 She always takes her anger on her family. ○

2 fold sth. (back/down/over etc.) □

2 First, fold the paper in half/ in two. ○

3 The blankets(毛毯) had been folded down. ○4 The bird folded its wings./ The table folds up when not in use. ○

3 fold sth. away/down 折小; 叠平; 可折小(叠平) □

4 fold A. in B. □

5 fold B. round/over A. 包; 裹 □

eg. The bed can be folded away during the day.

1 She gently folded the baby in a blanket. eg. ○

1 fold sb. _____one's arms: (文学)拥抱; 楼住 2 She folded a blanket around the baby. ○【词组】◇

2 fold one's ________: 双臂交叉在胸前 ◇

3 fold one's __________: 十指交叉合拢交叠 ◇

【词组】fold sth. in /fold sth. into sth. 把……调入;拌入

1 扫; 打扫 4. sweep : v. (swept, swept) □

2 (迅猛地)推走; 吹走; 冲走; 带走 □

1 The little boat was swept out to sea. eg. ○

3 猛烈吹过; 掠过; 席卷; 横扫 □

4 扫视; 掠过; 搜索 eg. His eyes swept around the room. □

eg. She kept her hands folded in her lap.

1 She sweeps the floor/street/stairs every day. eg. ○

2 The classroom has been swept clean. ○

2 She let herself be swept along by the crowd. ○

1 Rain swept in through the broken windows. eg. ○

2 Strong winds regularly sweep the islands. ○

1 sweep the board : (在比赛中) 囊括所有奖项 【词组】 ◇

中国乒乓球队于2014年(4月28-5月5日)在东京举行的世乒赛上囊括所有的奖项。

eg. China table tennis team in the World Table Tennis Championships in 2014 (April 28-5 months 5) held in Tokyo swept the board.

2 sweep sb. ______their feet : 使某人立刻迷上自己; 使某人对自己一见倾心 ◇

4 sweep sth. __________the carpet(rug) : 掩盖某事 3 sweep sb. ____power: (使某人)以压倒性优势在选举中获胜 ◇◇

1 sweep sb. ______/away : 驱使某人专注 eg. They were swept along by the force of their feelings. 【动词搭配】 ◇

2 sweep sth. _____: 对…置之不理; 不理会; 全然无视 ◇

3 sweep sth. _______ : 消灭; 彻底消除; 完全打消 ◇

4 sweep sb.______: 一把抱起某人

eg. All their advice was swept aside.

eg. Any doubts had long since been swept away. eg. She swept her baby into her arms.

1 a wooden/concrete(水泥)/marble(大理石) floor eg. ○

21(C) 地板; 地面 5. floor : n. □

2(C) 楼层

1 Her office is ___the second floor. eg. ○

2 The young man lives two floors above. ○

1 get/be given /have the floor 【词组】◇

25.

(讨论或辩论中) 取得发言权

3 take (to) the floor: (在舞池) 开始跳舞 ◇

4 be/get in on the ground floor: ◇

5 wipe the floor with sb. : ◇

2 ___________the floor: 发言; 长篇大论地发言 ◇

eg. Couples took the floor for the last dance of the evening. 在开始时参与

(在辩论中或比赛中) 彻底战胜

2. (the) factory floor: 厂房; 车间 □

1. dance floor: 舞厅; 舞池 【搭配】 □

3. shop floor : (工厂的) 生产区 eg. to work on the shop floor □5. floor plan : 楼层平面图 4. floor lamp: 路灯 □□

1. in a mess : 杂乱不堪 eg. The room was in a mess. 1(C) 杂乱; 不整洁; 肮脏 ◇6. mess: n. □

2. make a mess : 搞得一塌糊涂 ◇

3. what a mess! 真是一片狼藉! ◇

1. in a mess : 2. (C) 麻烦; 困境; 混乱 ◇□

2. make a mess of... ◇

1 The kids made a mess in the bathroom. /You're a mess! eg. ○

2 Your hair is a really mess! ○

eg. The economy is 陷入困境) /The whole situation is a mess.

1. 扔; 掷; 抛; 投 □

1 扔石头 throw _______________ ○

eg. I feel I've made a mess of things. /Let's try to sort out the mess. (我们来收拾一下残局吧。)

eg. Stop throwing stones _____the window. eg. Can you throw me that towel?

对……产生怀疑 对某人大加威胁

使心烦意乱; 使困惑; 使惊奇

7. throw: v. threw; thrown

2. 抛球throw a ball eg. She threw the ball up and caught it again. ○

3. 把…抛/扔给… throw sth. to sb.=throw sb. sth. ○

2. 把……对准; 向……作出; 对……施加 □

2 throw blame____sb. ○

4 throw sth. back at sb. ○

1 throw doubt ______... ○

3 throw threats at someone ○

对……加以责备 反过来向某人

5 throw sb. off : eg. He threw the question back at me. ○

1 throw sth. aside: 【动词搭配】◇拒绝接受(某种看法、生活方式等)

2 throw oneself _____sth./sb.: 冲向(人或物); 向…猛扑过去

3 throw sth._______: □1=throw sth. out扔掉; 丢弃; 抛弃 ◇

1 I don't need that—you can throw it away. That old chair should be thrown away. 2 失去; 错过; 浪费;白费 eg. You must take the exam—you can't throw away all that work! □

4 throw sth. back _______sb. : (尤指为使人烦恼) 使想起; 提醒; 重提 ◇

5 throw sb. back ________sth. : 迫使依靠(因别无他物) ◇

eg. There was no TV so we were thrown back on our own resources.(自娱自乐)

6 throw sth._________: 格外赠送; 百搭; 加插评语 ◇

eg. You can have the furniture for $200, and I'll throw in the two stools as well.

7 throw sth./sb. _____: 摆脱; 甩掉; 匆匆脱掉; 拽掉; 扯掉(衣服) ◇

1 I can't throw off a cold these days. eg. ○

2 She entered the room and threw off her wet coat. ○

8 throw sth. ______: 匆匆穿上(衣服) ◇

9 throw sth. ______: 脱口而出; 随口说 ◇

10

3 You should throw off your worries/stress quickly. ○

eg. She just threw on the first skirt she found. eg. He just threw out a suggestion at the meeting.

eg. She leaves the lights on all the time. eg. The letter was in my pocket all the time.

◇ throw sb. out of... : 撵走; 轰走; 逐出 eg. You'll be thrown out of my house if you don't pay the rent.

1 very often; repeatedly频繁; 经常; 总是; 老是 8. all the time : □

2 (在某一段时间内) 一直; 始终 = the whole time: □

1 __________time: 争分夺秒; 抢时间 【搭配】◇

3 at all __________: always 总是 ◇

5 at___________ time : 每次; 逐一; 依次 ◇

2 ahead/___________time : 提前/拖后 ◇

4 at the ___________time : 同时; 一起; 然而; 不过 ◇

6 at ___________: sometimes 有时; 间或 ◇

7 ______time _____time: 不时; 有时; 偶尔; 间或 8 in time for sth. /to do sth.: 来得及;及时 ◇◇

9 take one's time ______sth. 从容不迫 ◇

◇ nine times out of ten 十有八九;几乎总是

10

take one's time to do sth. 慢慢来 take one's time doing sth.

1 He didn't remember and neither will I. eg. ○

3 —I can't understand a word of it. —Neither can I ○

ninety-nine times out of a hundred eg. Nine times out of ten she gives the right answer.

2 I hadn't been to New York before and neither had Jane. ○

4 — I don't know. —Me, neither. ○

9. neither : adv. (否定的陈述同样适用其他人或物)也不

【结构】neither A. nor B. (否定的陈述适用于两个方面) 既不……也不……

1 I neither knew nor cared what had happened to him. ○2 Their house is neither big nor small. eg. ○

26.

1 Neither you nor he is right at this point. ○2 Neither these TV plays nor the new film is good enough to watch. ○

2 Neither of my parents speaks/speak English. ○

2 Neither person was chosen for the job. ○

2 He likes wearing a shirt and a tie. ○

1 Neither of them has /have a car. neither : pron. 两则都不 eg. ○

1 Neither answer is right. neither : adj. 两者都不的 eg. ○

1 a short-sleeved shirt短袖衬衫 10. shirt : n.(尤指男士的) 衬衫 eg. ○

1 keep one's shirt ___________: 别生气;保持冷静 【词组】◇

eg. Keep your shirt on! It's only a joke.

2 put one's shirt on sb./sth. : (BrE.) 把……所有的钱全押在……上 ◇

11. as soon as: as early/quickly as 一……就……; 尽快 1 We'll deliver(送交) the goods as soon as we can. 2 Please send it as soon as possible. eg. ○○

1 soon ___________: 在……后不久 【搭配】◇

2 the sooner..., the sooner : 越早……,越早 ◇

eg. She sold the house soon after her husband died. eg. The sooner we set off, the sooner we will arrive.

3 no sooner said than done :一说就办; 立马完成 4 ___________sooner...than... : 一……就; 刚……就 ◇◇5 the _________, the __________: 尽早; 早晚有一天 eg. No sooner had she said it than she burst into tears. ◇

eg. —When shall I tell him? —The sooner, the better.

7 sooner rather than later : 赶早不赶晚; 及早 ◇

6 sooner___________ later : 迟早; 早晚有一天 ◇

eg. Sooner or later you will have to make a decision. 宁愿做A. 而不愿做B.

eg. Do you think she'll be back anytime soon?

eg. We urged(敦促) them to sort out(解决) the problem sooner rather than later.

8 Sb. would rather do A. than do B. ◇

eg. She'd rather share a house with other students than live at home with her parents.

9 anytime soon : (用于否定句和疑问句) 即将; 马上 ◇

10

◇ Sb. would just as soon do sth. 同样高兴; 同样乐意; 同样愿意eg. I'd just as soon stay at home as go out tonight.

1. 给; 递; 传递 pass sth. to sb.=pass sb. sth. eg. Pass me over that book./Pass that book over to me. 12. pass: v. □2. 通过; 走过 □

1 Several people were passing but nobody offered to help. eg. ○

3 She passed me in the street without even saying hello. ○

2

2 The road was so narrow that cars were unable to pass. ○

3. 消磨; 度过; 打发eg. ○1 We sang songs to pass the time. □

1 pass the ______round / around : 凑份子(送礼) 2 pass the time of day with sb. 【词组】◇◇1 pass by sb. / sth. : 通过; 经过…旁边 【动词短语】 ◇

2 pass sth. __________: 使世代相传; 流传 ◇

3 pass for/as sb./sth. : 被认为; 被当作 ◇

4 pass ___________sth. : 融入; 纳入 ◇

eg. Many foreign words have passed into the English language.

6 pass on = pass away : ( 婉辞, 指去世) 亡故 ◇

eg. He speaks the language so well he could easily pass for a German.

8 pass sth. _________o sb. 转交; (用后) 递给; 传给 ◇

9 pass___________ : 昏迷; 失去知觉 ◇

7 pass sb. /oneself / sth. off as sb./sth. : 装作; 佯装; 假装 eg. He escaped by passing himself off as a guard. ◇

eg. Pass the book on to me when you've finished with it.

11 pass sth. ___________: 放弃; 不要(机会等) ◇

◇ pass ___________ : 经过; 路过

10eg. Imagine passing up an offer like that!

eg. We were passing through, so we thought we'd come and say hello.

1 Can I borrow your umbrella? 13. borrow: v. 借; 借用 borrow (sth. ) _________sb./sth. eg. ○2 Members can borrow up to ten books from the library at any one time. ○

4 She borrowed $ 2,000 from her parents. ○

1. 活过寿限; 大难不死 【词组】be (living) on borrowed time: □

1. 借给; 借出 14. lend : v. (lent; lent) □

1 lent out : eg. She never lends out anything. ◇

1 I've lent the car to a friend. eg. ○

3 Has he returned the book you lent him? ○

3 How much did you have to borrow to pay for this? ○

5 I don't like to borrow from friends. ○

2. 做很快就会遭到制止的事 □

2. (银行或金融机构) 贷款 lend sth. ______sb./lend sb. sth. □

2 lent sth. to sb./lend sb. sth. : ◇

2 Can you lend me your car this evening? ○

4 The bank refused to lend the money to us. ○

1 lend an ________to sb./sth. 聆听; 倾听 5 They refused to lend us the money. ○【词组】◇

2 lend sb. a helping ___________with sth. 帮助; 援助; 搭把手 eg. I went over to see if I could lend a hand. ◇

3 lend one's __________to sth. : 公开表示支持; 以……的名字命名(某地方) ◇4 lend support /weight to sth. : ◇

eg. I am more than happy to lend my name to this campaign (运动).

对……提供支持

27.

15. finger : n. (拇指以外的任何一个) 手指 eg.

2 I cut my finger and I'm trying not to get it wet. ○1 She ran her fingers through her hair. ○3 He was about to speak but she raised a finger to her lips. ○

2 have a finger _____every pie: 多管闲事; 到处干预 1 get/pull one's finger________: 干起来; 加把劲 ◇【词组】◇

eg. You're going to have to pull your finger out if you want to pass this exam.

eg. I never laid a finger on her. 我从来没有碰过她。

6 ___________one's fingers/get one's fingers burnt : ◇3 have one's fingers in the till (n. 交款出; 收银台) : ◇4 lay a finger _______sb. : (通常用于否定句) 触动; 动…的一根毫毛 ◇偸自己工作单位的钱; 内盗; 监守自盗 5 work one's fingers _______ the bone : 拼命干活 ◇(尤指生意上)没有先见之明而蒙受损失,因不慎而吃亏

eg. He got his fingers badly burnt doing business at first.

7 be able to count sb./sth. _________the fingers of one hand : ◇屈手可数; 寥寥无几 eg. She could count on the fingers of one hand the people she really enjoyed being with. 她真正喜欢交往的人寥寥无几。 8 _________one's fingers : (手指交叉) 祈求好运; 祈求成功 eg. I'm crossing my fingers that I can pass the exams. ◇

9 be all (fingers and) thumbs : ◇笨手笨脚; 笨拙; 手脚不灵活

◇ point a/the finger ___________sb. : 指责 10eg. The children never lift a finger to help around the house.

11 let sth. slip(v.溜掉) through one's fingers: 错过/失去(机会) ◇eg. The article points an angry finger at the government. eg. Don't let the chance to work abroad slip through your fingers.

12 snap one's fingers : 弹指头(捻拇指作响) ◇eg. He snapped his fingers for the waiter to bring more wine. 13 have sticky(黏性的) fingers : 好偷东西的; 有顺水牵羊的毛病

◇ not lift/raise a finger /hand to do sth. : 一点忙也不帮; 油瓶倒了都不扶 14

1 hate sb./sth. 1. 厌恶; 讨厌; 憎恶 ◇16. hate: v. (不用于进行时) □

1 I hate Monday mornings. ○2 I hate the way he does things. eg. ○

3 I'd hate anything to happen to him. ○

2 hate doing sth. ◇

3 hate (sb) to do sth. ◇1 She hates making mistakes. eg. ○1 He hated to be away from his family. eg. ○2 He hates anyone parking in his space. ○2 She would have hated him to see ○ 3 I hate to think what would have happened if you hadn't been there. ○

4 hate it + 从句 eg. ○1 I hate it when people cry. ◇ how her hands shook. 2 He hates it when his mother often talks his ears off. ○

2. 憎恨; 憎恶; 仇恨(某人) + sb. for sth. □

1 The two boys hated each other. eg. ○【词组】hate sb's guts(直觉;胆量) : 对某人恨之入骨 2 I hated myself for feeling jealous(嫉妒心). ○

17. chore: n. 日常事务; 例行工作; 令人讨厌的任务; 乏味无聊的工作

1 She hates doing household chores(干家务杂活). eg. ○2 Shopping's a real chore for me. ○

1 与……同时 eg. You can go swimming while I'm having lunch. 18. while: conj. □

1 While I was waiting at the bus stop, the buses went by in the opposite direction. 2. 当…的时候; 在…期间 eg. ○□

2 Her parents died while she was still at school. ○3 We must have been burgled(入室盗窃) while we were asleep. ○

3. (对比两件事情)…而…; …然而 eg. While Tom's very good at science, his brother is almost hopeless. □

4. (用于句首) although虽然; 尽管 eg. While I am willing to help, I do not have much time. □

1. for a while=for a time eg. They chatted for a while. □while: n. 一段时间; 一会儿

2. in a little while= in a short time eg. I'll be back in a little while.

3. quite a while= a fairly long time eg. I haven't seen him for quite a while. □

4. all the while=all the time eg. They walked back together, talking all the while. □

1 (every) _______in a while: 偶尔地; 间或 eg. My father does the housework once in a while. 【词组】◇

2 ___________one's while: 对……有好处(或用处); 值得 ◇

1 It will be worth your while to come to the meeting. 你来参加会议对你会大有好处。 eg. ○

2 He'll do the job if you make it worth his while. 你要是给他的报酬丰厚,他会做这份工作的。 ○

19. snack: n. 点心; 小吃; 快餐 1 I only have time for a snack at lunch-me. eg. ○

3 Do you serve bar snacks?你这卖不卖快餐? 2 a snack lunch : 快餐午餐/a mid-morning snack上午吃的点心 ○○

snack: v. ______sth. 吃点心(快餐、小吃) eg. It's healthier to snack on fruit rather than chocolate.

28.

1 ___________stress : 在压力之下 1. (U/C) 精神压力; 心理负担; 紧张 ◇20. stress: n. □

2 suffer ___________stress : 有精神压力 eg. Things can easily go wrong when people are under stress. ◇

3 cope ___________stress : 应对压力 4 have enough stress _________school : 来自学校的…压力 ◇◇

2. (U/C) 压力; 应力+ on sth. eg. When you have an injury(受伤), you start putting stress on other parts of your body. □

1

She lays great stress on her study/work. 3. (U) 强调; 重要性+ on sth. eg. ○□

2 I think the company places too much stress on cost and not enough on quality. ○

stressful: adj. 压力重的; 紧张的

1 It was a very stressful time for all of us. eg. ○2 a stressful job/situation/lifestyle ○

a waste of time/money/paper/resources(资源)

2 It seems such a waste to throw good food away. ○1. (U) 浪费; 滥用+ of sth. 21. waste: n. □1 I hate unnecessary waste./What a waste of paper! eg. ○

3 I hate to see good food.=be thrown away 2. (sl.) 白费; 糟蹋 eg. These meetings are a waste of time. ○□

【词组】a waste of space : (spoken) 无用的人; 废物; 饭桶; 干什么都不行的人

3. waste paper : (U) 废纸 4. waste.basket=waste-paper basket: 废纸篓;废纸箱 □□

A waste: adj. 荒芜的; 未开垦的; 废弃的;无用的 eg. The car was found on a piece of waste ground. ○

1 + sth. ______sth. 浪费; 滥用 B waste: v. ◇eg. Why waste money on clothes you don't need? ○

2 + sth. (in) doing sth. eg. You're wasting your time trying to explain it to him. ◇

3 waste sth. ___________sb./sth. 白费; 糟蹋 eg. Don't waste your time on him—he won't listen to you. ◇

1 waste one's___________: 白费唇舌 【词组】◇2 waste not, want not: (saying) 勤俭节约; 吃穿不缺 ◇

1 in right / correct order : 按正确的顺序 ◇2 in order of ___________按大小排序 1. 顺序; 次序 ◇22. order: n. □

1 put one's life _____order : 安排某人的生活 2. 条理 ◇eg. It was time she put her life in order. □

2 keep sth. _______good order : 将……保持的井井有条 eg. The house has been kept in good order. ◇

3. (U) 治安; 秩序; 规矩 □

1 keep sth. __________order : 维持治安 ◇

2 call sb./sth. _____order : 要求安静下来 ◇ eg. Some teachers find it difficult to keep their classes in order. eg. The two boys argued until the teacher called them both to order. 4. (C) 指示; 命令+ for sb. to do sth./ to do sth.

1 ___________orders: 下命令 eg. He gave orders for the work to be started. ◇

2 __________orders: 服从命令/听从命令 eg. Dogs can be trained to obey orders. ◇

3 ___________orders: 听从命令 eg. She takes order only from the president. ◇

4 ___________orders: 奉命 eg. I'm under orders not to let anyone in. ◇

5 doctor's orders: 医嘱 eg. No sugar for me—doctor's orders. ◇

5. (C/U)+ for sth. 订货; 订购; 订单 □

2 place an order: 下订单 ◇

3 be ___________order : 在订购中 ◇

4 make sth. ___________ order : 可订做 ◇1 an order form : 订货单 ◇ eg. I'd like to place an order for ten copies of this book. eg. The machine parts are still on order. eg. The clothes can be made to order.

1 take sb's order: 点菜 ◇6. (C)点菜; 所点的饮食菜肴 □

2 an order for steak and fries: ◇eg. May I take your order? 3 a side order : 配菜 ◇点一份牛排炸薯条

1 in order to do sth.(可放句首) = so as to do sth. (不可放于句首) 目的是; 以便; 为了 【词组】◇

1 She arrived early in order to get a good seat. eg. ○2 In order to get a complete picture, further information is needed. ○

2 in order that: so that sth. can happen 目的在于; 为了; 以便 ◇

3 in order: 正常; 准备好; 就序; 妥当; 适当 ◇

4 out ___________order: ○a 有毛病; 出故障 ◇1 Is everything in order, sir? ○2 I think a drink would be in order. eg. ○1 The phone is out of order. eg. ○

2 I checked the files (文件) and some of the papers were out of order. eg. ○

3 You were well out of order taking it without asking. ○

6 in short order: 麻利; 简单省事 ◇b 安排不当; 不整洁;行为不当 ○5 put/set one's own house in order: ◇ 先管好自己的事; 律人先律己

7 be a tall order : 难以办到; 要求苛刻 ◇eg. That thing is a tall order for me to do.

29.

23. provide: v. 提供; 供给; 给予

1 provide against : 预防; 预备 【动词搭配】◇

provide sb. _________sth. =provide sth. _________sb.

2 provide for sb. : 为某人提供生活所需 ◇

eg. We are here to provide the public with a service.= We are here to provide a service for the public.

2 provide for sth. : 为……做好准备; (法律、规定等)作出决定; 使有据可依

provided=providing : conj. + (that) 如果; 假如; 在……条件下

1 We'll buy everything you produce, provided of course the price is right. eg. ○

2 Provided that you come here on time, we'll go together. ○

1. 而且; 加之; 反正 24. anyway=anyhow: adv. □

2. 尽管; 即使这样eg. ○1 The water was cold but I took a shower anyway. □

2 I'm afraid we can't come, but thanks for the invitation anyway. ○

1 It's too expensive and anyway the color doesn't suit you. eg. ○

2 It's too late now, anyway. ○

25. depend : v. 依靠; 依赖

3 I might not go. It depends how tired I am. ○

1. depend ________/upon sb./sth. 【动词搭配】□

【词组】that depends/it (all) depends: 那得看情况

2 I don't know if we can help—it all depends. ○

4 —Your job sounds fun. —It depends what you mean by 'fun'. ○

5 I shouldn't be too late. But it depends if the traffic's bad. ○

1 He was the sort of person you could depend on. eg. ○

1 —Is he coming?—That depends. He may not have the time. eg. ○

△ 依赖;依靠 △ 相信; 确信; 指望

1

2

2 He knew he could depend upon her to deal with the situation. ○3 Depend upon it we won't give up. ○

4 Can we depend on you coming in on Sunday? ○

5 You can depend on his coming in on Sunday. ○

2. depend on/upon sb./sth. ___________ sth. : (通常不用于进行时) 需要; 依靠 (提供资金、帮助等) □

1 I don't want to depend too much on my parents. eg. ○

1

2 Although he is already over 30, he still depends on his parents. ○

2 develop sth. _____sth.

1 develop sth. _____ sth. 26. develop : v. △ 发展; 壮大 ◇

1 She developed the company from nothing. eg. ○

2 The child is developing normally. ○

3 The place has rapidly developed from a small fish village into a beautiful tourist resort(旅游胜地). ○

4 Doing chores helps to develop children's independence and teaches them how to look after themselves. ○

developed country : 发达国家

eg. Most African countries are less developed countries.

developing country : 发展中国家

eg. China is still a developing country though having made much progress.

2 The car developed engine trouble and we had to stop.

△ 患(病); 出现(问题); (疾病)开始侵袭; (问题) 开始影响

2

1 Her son developed a serious illness when he was two. eg. ○

1

eg. Cuba gained independence from Spain in 1898. sb. /sth.

发展孩子的独立性

1 △(国家的)独立; 自主; 自立 eg.2 He values his independence. 3 The earlier kids learn to be independent, the better it is for their future. ○○

2

Independence Day : 美国独立纪念日(7月4日, 美国国庆日, 纪念1776年美国宣布脱离英国)

eg. The country became independent in 1975. 28. independent : adj. △+ from/of sth. 独立的; 自主的; 自治的

eg. It is important to me to be financially(经济上地) independent of my parents. △ + of sb./ sth. : 自立的; 自食其力的

1 a man of independent means : 有个人收入的男子 2 an independent school : 私立学校

【搭配】◇◇

eg. We should have the fairness of the game. △ 公正性; 合理性 1

2

1

△ 白皙; 浅色

2

eg. The fairness of her face is so beautiful.

1 In all fairness to him, he did try to stop her leaving. ○

2 It also helps them to understand the idea of fairness. ○

1 a fair deal(交易)/wage(工资)/price/question ○

3 Was it really fair to him to ask him to do all the work? ○

eg.

1 be fair to /on sb. eg. ◇

2 The punishment(处罚) was very fair. ○

1 be fair: (spoken) 要讲道理 【词组】◇

2 fair enough: (spoken) 有道理; 说得对 ◇

3 _________sb. a fair shake: 给某人公平待遇 ◇

4 It's not fair on the students to keep changing the timetable. 【句式】It's fair/unfair for sb. to do sth. ○

eg. Be fair! She didn't know you were coming.

eg. If you don't want to come, fair enough, but let Bill know.

4 ___________a fair shake: 得到公平待遇 ◇

30.

6 fair(adv.) and square= fairly(adv.) and squarely: 诚实; 光明正大; 直截了当 ◇

1 We won the election fair and square. 2 I told him fair and square to pack his bags. eg. ○○

1 Life seems so unfair sometimes. 31. unfair: adj. + on/to sb. 不公正的; 不公平的; 不合理的 eg. ○2 It seems unfair on him to make him pay for everything. 3 It would be unfair not to let you have a choice. eg. ○○

32. since: prep. (与现在完成时或过去完成时连用)

自……以后;从……以来 eg.

2 We've lived here since 1994. ○

4 He's been working in a bank since leaving school. ○

6 —They've split up(分手了). —Since when. ○

1 She's been off work since Tuesday. ○

3 I haven't eaten breakfast since breakfast. ○

5 Since the party she had only spoken to him once. ○

7 That was years ago, I've changed jobs since then. ○

1 Mike hasn't phoned since he went abroad. eg. ○

A since: conj. △ 自……以来; 从……以后 ○

1

2 It was the first time I'd had visitors since I'd moved to London. ○3 How long is it since we last went to the theatre? ○

4 It's twenty years since I saw her. ○

2

5 She had been worrying ever since the letter arrived. ○

△ 因为; 由于; 既然 eg. We thought that, since we were in the area(地方), we'd stop by and see them.

B since: adv. △ 从那以后; 自那以来; 到现在 ○

1

△ 此后; 后来

2

eg. He left home two weeks ago and we haven't heard from him since. eg. We broke up with each other at that time and we have lost touch since .

33. neighbor=neighbour: △ n. 邻居 eg. △ 身边的人; 靠近的东西; 邻近的人(或物)

1

2

1 We've had a lot of support from all our friends and neighbors. ○

2 Our next-door neighbors are very noisy. ○

eg. Stand quietly, children, and try not to talk to your neighbor.

1 We grew up in the same neighborhood. eg. ○

1 在邻近的地方 【词组】in the neighborhood of : ◇

2 This is a poor/quiet neighborhood. ○

3 the neighborhood police services ○

【扩展】neighbourhood (BrE.)= neighborhood (AmE.) : n. 街区; 城区; (某街区/城区) 的居民

社区警察服务

eg. Houses in the neighborhood of Paris are extremely expensive.

1

2 (数量) 大约; 上下 eg. It cost in the neighborhood of $ 500. ◇

34. take care of sb./sth. /oneself: △ to be careful about sth. 照顾; 照料; 爱护

1 Who's taking care of the children while you're away? 2 She takes great care of her clothes. eg. ○○

△ to be responsible for...负责; 处理

2

3 He's old enough to take care of himself. ○

1 Don't worry about the travel arrangement. They're all being taken care of. eg. ○

2 Celia takes care of the marketing side of things. ○

西莉亚负责产品营销方面的事宜。

1 Her father in hospital.(病的严重) ○

3 We both started to○

5 He f_______ ill and died soon after. (生病) ○

35. ill (BrE.) : =sick (AmE.) adj. 有病; 不舒服 eg. 2 She (患病) ○

4 Uncle Bob cancer. (患有……病) ○

1 ill at ease(舒适): 局促不安的 【词组】◇

2 It's an ill wind that blows nobody any good. ◇

3 bad/______ feeling(s) : 恶感; 交恶; 不满; 反感 ◇

eg. I felt ill at ease in such formal clothes. 没有绝对的坏事; 任何坏事都会有利于某些人

eg. There was a lot of bad feeling between the two groups of students.

ill : adv. 恶劣地; 讨厌地 【词组】speak/think _______of sb. : 说…的坏话;把…往坏处想 eg. Don't speak ill of the dead.

1 The climber slipped and dropped to his death. eg. ○36. drop : v. 落下; 掉下

2 Be careful not to drop that plate. 1 drop one's voice : 降低声音 ○【词组】□

eg. She dropped her voice slowly. 2 drop one's ______/gaze : 垂下眼睛 eg. Her eyes dropped to her lap. □3 drop ________price : 降价 eg. Shares(股价) dropped in price by 14 yuan.

□4 drop sb. (______) : 中途卸客; 中途卸货 eg. ○1 Can you drop me near the bank? □

2 You left your jacket, but I can drop it off on my way to work tomorrow. ○

5 drop sb. a line/note: 寄/送/写给某人信eg. Drop me a line when you get there. □

7 drop a hint: 暗示; 透漏 □

9 drop___________ : 暴死; 突然死去; 猝死 □

8 drop a___________ : 失言伤人; 出言不慎 □

10 let sb./sth. ___________ : 不再提起; 放弃 □

eg. I suggest we let the matter drop.

31.

11 die/fall/drop like_______: 大批死亡; 大批倒下 eg. People were dropping like flies in the intense heat(酷热). □

1 drop back/_________: 后退; 落后 eg. We cannot afford to drop behind our competitors(对手). 【动词搭配】□

1 Drop by sometime. 2 She often drops in/round. 2 drop by/in/round: 顺便访问; 顺便进入 eg. ○○□

3 drop in ______sb. : 顺便访问某人 eg. I thought I'd drop in on you while I was passing. □

4 drop ________sth. : 顺便拜访某地 eg. Sorry we're late—we dropped into the pub(酒馆) on the way. □

1 I dropped off and missed the end of the film. 5 drop ________: 打盹儿; 小睡; 减少; 下降 eg. ○□

2 Traffic in the town has dropped off since the bypass(旁道)opened. 6 drop out ________sth. : △ 不再参与; 退出; 脱离 ○□

1

1 He has dropped out of active politics. eg. ○2 A word has dropped out of her speech. ○

△ 退学; 辍学

2eg. He started school at the age of five but dropped out after only a year.

二、本单元词组:

1. 做出有礼貌的请求 2. 要求许可 3. 倒垃圾 4. 做杂事; 做家务 5. 刷碗碟 8. 叠衣服

make _____________________________ ask_______________________________ _________________________

_____________________ _____________________

6. 扫地

_____________________ 9. 打扫客厅

_____________________ 12. 举行篮球赛 _____________________ 15. 两小时的电视 _____________________ _____________________ 19. 生某人的气 _____________________ 21. 想散步___________ 23. 放学回家_________________

26. 走过来___________ 28. 在家帮帮忙

_________________________ 31. 走掉______________ 33. 下班回来

_____________________ 36. 有一个舒适的家 38. 和某人闲逛 _____________________ 41. 割破了我的手指 _____________________ 43. 邀请某人参加聚会 __________________________ 45. 帮干家务

________________________ 47. 有时间学习

_________________________________

三、本单元重点与句式:

1. any time(=second/moment/time) now: 随时; 马上; 在任何时候

2 We're expecting them any moment now. ○

1 The guests are arriving any time now but we're still not ready. eg. ○

2. take构成的短语拓展

2 take a___________散步 ○

3 take____________收回 ○

5 脱下; 起飞 take ________ ○

6 休息 take a__________ ○8 量体温 ○

1 拿走; 取走 ○

7. 整理床铺 _____________________ 10. 在外逗留很晚_________________ 11. 搭一辆便车 __________________ 13. 在用电脑 ____________________ 14. 帮忙做… ____________________ 16. 购物回来 ____________________ 17. 随时; 马上; 在任何时候 18. 收拾垃圾clean _______________ 20. 相当干净整洁

___________________________ 22. 解决问题_________________ 25. 遛狗 ________________________ 27. 一直; 始终___________________ 29. 干了一整天___________________ 30. 回嘴_____________________ 32. 一个干净的盘子_______________ 34. 惊讶地 _____________________ 35. 分担家务_____________________ 37. 出去吃晚饭

___________________________ 39. 回来太晚________________ 40. 没问题__________________ 42. 进行露营旅行

__________________________ 44. 在周一进行测试

____________________________ 46. 来自学校的足够压力 ____________________________

take _________

3 发生 ○

take _________

7 占据 ○

take _________

10 拿下 ○

take one’s ________________

11 不急;慢慢来take one’s_____ ○

12 拿出;取出take _________ ○

take __________

13 把……拿到 ○

take

1 拿; 取 □take..._____...

eg. Please _______some books to the classroom.

2 吃; 喝; 服用 □

eg. ______this medicine 3 times a day.

3 乘(车、船等) □

24. 放下某人的包______________________________

eg. They usually ______the bus to work.

4 花费(时间; 金钱) □

eg. It ________me two hours to do it.

的搭配: 【结构1.】 do the +名词

do the_____________/__________/衣服/洗餐具 【结构2.】do the +动词-ing

do the _____________/__________打扫卫生/做饭 【结构3.】do one’s+名词 {做家务/家庭作业/尽职} do one’s ____________/___________/_________ 【结构4.】do some +动词-ing

do some ___________/___________读写书/购物

____________________________

5. do构成的短语拓展

1 (偶然) 发现 ○

2 回来come _______ ○

3 实现 come _______ ○

5 下来come _______ ○

7 进入,进来 ○

come ___________

4 想出come up_____ ○

6 来自,出生于 ○

________from=be from come ______/_______

32.

48. 浪费时间

__________________________ 50. 为了____________________ 51. 得到好成绩

__________________________ 53. 依靠; 依赖_______________ 55. 发展孩子们的独立性 56. 公平的理念

___________________________ 2◇

_________________________ 49. 花时间在学业上 _________________________ 52. 进入好的大学

__________________________ 54. 这些天_______________ 57. 尽某人的力量参与…… ________________________ 38 赶快,加油 come ____ ○

9 走吧, 过来, 快点 ○

10 来来去去 ○

come and________

11 上来 come ____ ○

come__________ 6. time相关的短语:

2 及时________time ○

4 上次 _______time ○6 同时 ○

12 出来, (花)开, (照片)冲洗出来 come _______ ○

1 按时 _____time ○

3 有时 _______times ○

5 下次 ________time ○7 偶尔 ○

_______________________________

at the _________time

8 一再; 经常 ○

_________time to time

time and time ________

1 n. 需要; 必须 ○9 看钟表______the time 7. need: □

1 There is no need for sb./sth. to do sth. ◇

1 There is no need for you to get up early tomorrow. eg. ○

2 There is no need to cry. ○

4 feel the need to do sth. ◇

1 I had no need to open the letter—I knew what it would say. eg. ○

2 She had no more need of me. ○2 I'm in need of some fresh air. ○

1 The house is in need of thorough (完全的) clean. eg. ○

eg. She felt the need to talk to someone.

2 need: vt (需要用于肯定句, 是实义动词。) □

1 sb. need sth./sb. 1 Do you need any help? /It's here if you need it. eg. ○◇

2 sb. need to do sth: 某人需要做某事 2 Don't go—I might need you./They badly needed a change. ○◇

1 I need to get some sleep. eg. ○

2 He needs to win this game to stay in the match. ○3 You don't need to leave yet, do you? ○

3 sth need doing sth= sth need to be done eg. This shirt needs washing.=This shirt needs to be washed. ◇

1 needn't do sth. 2 needn't have done 3 need: modal v. 需要 □◇◇

1 You needn't finish that work today. eg. ○

2 I need hardly tell you that the work is dangerous. ○

3 If she wants anything, she need only ask. ○

1 You needn't have hurried. ○

2 Need you have paid so much? ○

4 needn’t = don’t have to 没有必要 □

5 need ,must 引导的一般疑问句,肯定会的用must, 否定回答用needn’t □

1 Need I pay the whole amount(数额) now? eg. ○

2 —Must I go there now? —Yes, you must/No, you needn’t. ○

四、根据所学单元完成短文: A. Nancy's Anger

Some children have to help________with chores at home, but they sometimes wouldn't like to do so.

Last month, Nancy was tired when she came home _________school. After throwing ___________her bag, she went to the living room. The ___________she sat down in front of the TV, her mother came _______and asked her to take the dog for a ___________.

Nancy's mother complained that Nancy watched TV all the _________and never helped out __________the house. Nancy replied a_________that she worked all day at school and she said she was tired as well.

Nancy's mother didn't say anything and walked _______. For one week, _______Nancy's mother _________Nancy did any housework. As a ___________, Nancy couldn't find a clean dish or a clean shirt.

The next day, Nancy's mother was ________________to

B. The Parents' opinions

The Sunday ________magazine invited parents to write down whether they think young people should do ________ at home.

Ms Miller and Mr. Smith have different ideas. Ms Miller doesn't understand why some parents make their kids help with housework and chores ________home. She thinks kids nowadays already have enough _____________from school and they don't have time to __________and do housework, which is a __________of their time. She also thinks students should spend their time _________schoolwork in ________ to get good ____________and get _________a good university. And as kids get older, they will have to do housework so there's no __________for them to do it now. It's parents' job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home __________their children.

Mr. Smith, however, has his own ideas about this. He thinks it is important for children to learn ________to do chores and help their parents __________housework.

33.

C. can’t C. lend; lent

D. couldn’t

D. borrow; borrowed B. to use C. using D. used

B. cleaned B. works B. such many B. arrive B. give B. feel B. make

C. cleaning C. work C. such much

C. arrives C. buy C. felt C. does A. of B. at

D. cleans

D. working D. so much

D. arrived D. borrow D. to feel D. makes C. for D. in

A. could A. borrow; lent

B. can

B. lend; borrowed

2. —Mom, could I go shopping with you? — 3. —— 4. ——Sorry. It doesn’t work. A. use 6. He didn’t A. enough confident

B. confident enough

A. so does Tom

B. neither does Tom

. 11II. 根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词

1.There is some rubbish (垃圾扔)a piece of meat to it. 都不)of his parents agrees with him. 折叠) the clothes now.

A. clean

A. to work A. so many

A. will arrive A. lend A. feeling A. do

5.—Could you please take out the trash? — A. Not at all B. You’re welcome C. No way D. No problem

C. enough confidence D. confidence enough

C. so Tom does D. neither Tom does

15. He doesn’tIII. 根据汉语意思完成句子

6. 为了通过考试,他每天都努力学习。 he studies hard every day.

7. 如果你努力学习,你会取得好的成绩。 IV. 句型转换

11. The boy is ill. The doctor is saving the boy.(合并成一个句子) boy. 12. I can provide him with some help.(改为同义句) 13. The poor child didn’t know where he could go.(改为简单句) The poor child didn’t14. He can look after himself well.(改为同义句) 15. I borrowed some money from him.(改为同义句)

?

【英语俚语习语小对话第5期】"胆小鬼"英语怎么说?【习语】a chicken guy

【讲解】chicken是指小鸡, 温驯而胆小, 用之比喻“胆小、懦弱的人”。 【英语学习笔记】1. be scared of sb /sth

eg. I am scared of my English teacher because I am poor in English.

我害怕我的英文老师,因为我的英文很差。

2. be scared of doing sth. eg. I am scared of taking part in my friend's party because there are many fools for women. 3. be scared to do sth 4. be scared that ...

我不敢参加我朋友的聚会,因为聚会上有很多色狼。

34.

Unit 4. Why don't you talk to your parents?

一、单词学习:

1. allow: vt. 允许; 准许

1 allow sb.______do sth. ◇1 He is not allowed to stay out late. eg. ?2 His parents won't allow him to stay out late. ?

4 Smoking isn't allowed in the hall. ?3 They shouldn't be allowed to get away with it. ?

2 allow doing sth. 1 We do not allow smoking in the hall. 2 Schools don't allow fighting. eg. ??◇

3 allow sb. sth. to do sth. 1 He allowed his mind to wander. 他听任自己的思绪飞翔。 eg. ?◇

2 You're allowed half an hour to complete the test. ?3 I'm not allowed visitors to visit. ?

4 allow sb. __________: 让某人通过 eg. The crowd parted to allow her through. ◇

5 allow sb. __________: 让某人下床 eg. You won't be allowed up(=out of bed) for several days. ◇

6 allow sth. __________sb. /sth. : 为某人/某地留出(给出) ◇

1 How much time would you allow for the trip? 2 You need to allow three meters of room for yourself. eg. ??

7 allow________ sb. /sth. : 将…计算在内; 考虑到; 估计到 eg. ?1 All these factors(因素) must be allowed for. ◇

2 It will take about an hour to get there, allowing for traffic delays(交通阻塞).

?

【词组】allow me : (spoken) (礼貌地表示主动帮忙) 让我来

2. wrong: adj. △ 错误的; 不对的;不正确的 1 _______sth. wrong: 弄错eg. ?2 He was driving on the wrong side of the road. 1 I got all the answers wrong. ?◇

2 dial (拨) the wrong number: 拨错号码 eg. Sorry, I must have dialed the wrong number. ◇

3 the wrong way __________: 拿颠倒 eg. You're holding the camera the wrong way up! ◇

4 the wrong way __________: 拿/挂反了 eg. The picture is the wrong way round. ◇

5 wrong __________sth./sb. | wrong to do sth. eg. I think she lives at number 44, but I could be wrong. ◇

1 You were wrong about Tom; he's not married after all. 2 We were wrong to assume(假定)that she'd agree. eg.??1△ 有毛病; 不正常; 引起问题(或麻烦) 21 something wrong with... ◇1 There's something wrong with the printer. eg. ?2 I have something wrong with my foot. ?

2 anything wrong (with...) eg. Is anything wrong? You look worried. ◇

3 nothing wrong (with...) 1 The doctor could find nothing wrong with him. ?2 —What's wrong? —Oh, nothing. eg. ?◇

1 be the wrong sth. /for sth./sth to do △ 不合适的; 不适当的; 不合意的 ◇

1 He is the wrong person fro the job. 2 I realized that it was the wrong thing to say. eg. ??3

3 It was his bad luck to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. ?4 We don't want this document falling into the wrong hands. ?

△ 不道德; 不义; 不诚实 4

2 She said that she'd done wrong. ?1 do...wrong eg. ?1 This man has done nothing wrong. ◇2 It's wrong of sb. to do sth. eg. It was wrong of him to get so angry. ◇

3 It's wrong to do sth. 1 It's wrong to tell lies. eg.?◇

1 take sth. the wrong way : 误会本意良好的话

【词组】 ◇

2 be barking up the wrong tree : 把方法搞错(或想偏); 路子不对头 ◇2 It's wrong to say such stupid words. ?

eg. You're barking up the wrong tree if you're expecting us to lend you any money. 3 get out of bed on the wrong side: (无缘由地) 一起床 ◇

get up on the wrong side of the bed : 就整天情绪不好 4 not far off (out) wrong : =almost correct几乎正确 eg. Your guess wasn't far out at all. 你的猜测几乎一点不错。 ◇

5 get/start off on the right/ wrong foot with sb. : 开始时关系良好/不好 ◇

6 rub sb. up the wrong way : (BrE.) eg. I seem to have got off on the wrong foot with the new boss. ◇

7 get on the right/wrong side of sb. : rub sb. the wrong way : ( AmE.) ◇

讨得某人的欢心/惹得某人恼怒

A wrong: adv. (用于动词后) 错误地; 不正确; 不对 ○

1 My name is spelt wrong. eg. ?2 What am I doing wrong? ? (无意中) 惹人生气, 触怒别人 1 spell/do/come out /think wrong ◇3 I was trying to apologize but it came out wrong. ?

35.

4 —I thought you were going out. —Well you must have thought wrong, then! ?

1 get sb. wrong : (spoken) 误会; 误解; 曲解 【词组】 ◇

2 _______sth. wrong: (spoken) △ 误会; 误解; 曲解 ◇

3 _______wrong: △ 犯错误; 做错事; 搞错; 弄错 ◇

1

1

eg. Don't get me wrong; I think he's doing a good job, but...

1 No, you've got it all wrong. She's his wife. eg. ?

2 I must have got the figures wrong. △ 把……搞错 ?

2

1 If you do what she tells you, you won't go far wrong. eg. ?2 Where did we go wrong with those kids? ?

△ 发生故障; 出毛病 eg. My watch keeps going wrong.

2△ 出现问题; 遇到困难 eg. What else can go wrong?

3

B wrong: n. △ (U) 不义行为; 欺骗行径; 邪恶 ○

1△ (C) 犯罪; 欺骗; 罪恶

2

1 Her son can do no wrong in her eyes. eg. ?

2 Children must be taught the difference between right and wrong. ?

1 _________the wrong : 有错; 应承担责任 【词组】◇

eg. It is time to forgive(宽恕) past wrongs if progress is to be made.

eg. The taxi driver was clearly in the wrong.

2 Two wrongs don't make a right. 怨怨相报永无完了; 怨怨相报何时了 ◇

1 They had to leave ________midnight. eg. ?3. midnight: n. (U) 12 o'clock at night午夜; 子夜

2 She heard the clock strike(敲) midnight. ?

4 on the stroke(钟声)midnight/shortly after midnight午夜时刻; 子夜刚过 ?

1 _______the midnight oil : 挑灯夜战; 熬夜 【词组】 ◇

3 We have to catch the midnight train. ?

2 do a moonlight/midnight flit (掠过): ◇

(通常为了躲债) 夜间逃走

eg. She looked through her notes before the exam. 4. look through sth. : (无被动语态) 快速查看; 浏览

eg. She just looked straight through me. look through sb. : (无被动语态) 佯装没有看见而不理会某人

1 I don't really know. I'm just guessing. eg. ?5. guess : v. 猜测; 估计△ + at sth.

1

2 We can only guess at her reasons for leaving. ?

2

3 He guessed right/wrong. ?4 Can you guess his age? ?

2 I guess (that) you'll be looking for a new job now. ?

2 You'll never guess what she told me. ?

1 I'd guess that she's about 30. △ guess + that... eg. ?

1 Can you guess where I've been? △ guess + wh-... eg. ?

3

【词组】keep sb. guessing : 让某人捉摸不定(或猜不透)

1

eg. It's the kind of book that keeps you guessing right to the end.

1 cut a deal : 做交易 eg. Did you cut a deal? 【词组】 ◇6. deal : n. △ (C) 协议; (尤指) 交易

2 _______a deal : 做交易 eg. We did a deal with the management on overtime. 我们与资方在加班问题上达成了一项协议。 ◇

3 pay deal : 工资协议 eg. They were hoping for a better pay deal. 4 strike a deal : 达成了协议 ◇◇5 get a good deal _____sth.: 买得很便宜 eg. I got a good deal on the car. 6 It's a deal! 就这么办吧! ◇◇

1 a fair deal : 公平待遇 ◇2 a square deal : 公平合理 ◇△ (C) 待遇the way that sb./sth. is treated.

1 We tried to ensure(确保) that everyone got a fair deal. 2 It was a square deal for everyone. eg. ??

2

△ a good/great deal ( _______sth.): much ; a lot 大量; 很多 eg.

3

1 They spent a great deal of money. ?

2 It took a great deal of time. ?

1 I'm feeling a good deal better. /We see them a great deal(=often). eg. ?

1 big deal : (spoken) 没什么了不起 【词组】◇

2达成(对双方都有利的) 协议 eg. So he earns more than me. Big deal!

1

eg. Although she's wrong, it's not a big deal.

2 Things have worked out quite well for us. 1 My first job didn't work out. ?成功地发展; 解决 eg. ?

1 I worked out regularly to keep fit. 2 He never works out at night. eg. ??△ 锻炼身体; 做运动

1 work out _____sth. : 计算; 计算出 eg. It'll work out cheaper to travel by bus. / She can work out at it quickly. □

2 work sth. out : ○1 计算; 算出 eg. He tried his best to work out the answer. □

1. to work out a problem/puzzle/code 解决问题/弄清疑团/破译密码 2 找到……的答案; 处理; 解决 eg. ?○

2. Can you work out what these words mean? 3. I couldn't work out where the music was coming from. ??

2

3 计划; 思考 eg. I've worked out a new way of doing it. ○3 work sb. out : 了解; 理解(某人的性格) □

8. get on ________sb.: to have a friendly relationship with sb. eg. I've never been able to work her out.

1. She's never really got on with her sister. ? 与某人和睦相处; 与某人关系良好 eg.

2. She and her sister have never really got on. 3. We get along/on just fine together. ??

1 get on/along _______sth.: △1 进展; 进步 □

eg. I'm not getting on very fast with this job.

△ (指中断后) 继续做某事

2

1. Be quiet and get on with your work! ?2. Get on with it! We haven't got all day. eg. ?

36.

2 get on=get along : 进展; 进步 □eg. He's getting on very well at school./We can get on perfectly well without her.

3 get on ______sb. : △1 (用电话或书信) 与某人联系 △2 觉察; 察觉; 识破 (某人的不法行为)

1. The heating(暖气) isn't working; I'll get on to the landlord(房东) about it. eg. ?

2. He had been stealing money from the company for years before they got on to him. ?

4 get on _______sth. : 开始讨论; 转而谈论(新课题) eg. It's time we got on to the question of costs(成本). □

2 relations with sb./sth. 1 relations between A and B ○9. relation : n. (relations) △ 关系; 联系; 交往 ○

1. There are complex relations between China and the US. 3. ____________relations 国际关系 eg. ??2. We seek to improve relations between our two countries. 4. ___________ relations 外交关系 ??3. Relations between my parents have become difficult. 5. ____________relations 师生关系 ??1 in relation to: 与……相比 □1 in relation to: 关于 6. ___________ relations 美中关系 □?

1. Its brain is small in relation to its body. 2. I have some comments(评论,看法) to make in relation to this matter. eg. ??

1

△ (C) 亲属; 亲戚

21. He's called Brady(布雷迪) too, but we're no relation. ?2. Is he any relation to you? eg. ?

3. a __________/near/distant relation of mine ?

1

我的一位近亲/远亲

△ (U) 通讯; 联络 (also communications)

2

10. communication : n. △ (U) 交流; 沟通; 表达; 交际; 传递

1. Speech is the fastest method(方法) of communication between people. eg. ?

2. All channels(渠道) of communication need to be kept open. ?

3. Doctors do not always

?

4. We are ?

1. communication systems eg. ?

通讯系统

2. communication technology ?

通讯技术

3. Snow has prevented ?

A communicate : v. + _______sb. ○

1

1. We only communicate ____e-mail. eg. ?

2. They communicated____sign language. ?

the outside world for three days.

4. The new airport will improve ?

3. ?

communication between the islands.

△ 传达; 传递(想法、感情、思想等)

2

1. 2. Her nervousness(紧张不安) was communicating itself to the children. ?

3. Teachers should be able to communicate well with students. ?

1

B communicative : adj. ○

爱说话的; 健谈的; 语言交际能力的

2. communicative skills 语言交际能力 ?

1. They argued for the right to strike. eg. ?

1. I don't find him very communicative. 11. argue : vi. △ 争吵; 争论; 争辩+ _________sb. about/over sth. eg. ?1. My brothers are always arguing. ?2. I don't want to argue with you—just do it! eg. ?

3. We're always arguing with each other about money. ?

2

2. He was too tired to argue the point. ?△ 论证; 说理; 争辩+ for / against sth. | + for/against doing sth.

1 argue + that... eg. He argued that they need more time to finish the project. 【搭配】 ◇

2 argue + wh-... ◇

eg. They argued when they would have the picnic.

1 argue sb. __________doing sth. : 说服某人做某事 【动词搭配】◇2 argue sb. _________of doing sth. : 说服某人不做某事 ◇

1. They argued him into withdrawing his complaint. (撤回投诉) eg. ?

3 argue with sth. : (通常用于否定句)不同意(说法); 不承认(表达) ◇

2. She succeeded in arguing her mother out of being angry. ?

eg. He's a really successful man—you can't argue with that.

argument : n. (C./U.) + with sb. about/over sth. 争论; 争吵

; 争辩; 辩论

1 have an argument with sb. eg. We had an argument with the waiter about the bill. ◇

2 get_______an argument with sb. eg. She got into an argument with the teacher. ◇

3 _______an argument : 赢得辩论 ◇

4 _______an argument: 输掉辩论 ◇

5 have a heated argument ◇

1

eg. They have won the argument at the meeting. eg. He never loses an argument with his mother.

eg. After some heated argument, a decision was finally taken.

12. cloud : △ n.(C./U.) 云; 云朵

1. The sun went behind a cloud. eg. ?

△ n.(C.) 阴影; 忧郁; 焦虑; 令人忧郁的事

2

2. The plane was flying in cloud most of way. ?

1 ________a cloud: 有嫌疑; 被怀疑 eg. He is still under a cloud about the car theft happening in the place. 【词组】 ◇

2 have one's head _____the clouds: 心不在焉; 走神; 想法不切实际; 想入非非 ◇

1 cast a cloud__________ sth. 【词组】 ◇

eg. He had his head in the clouds when asked a question in class.

让……蒙上了一层阴影

37.

2 have a cloud of sth. 有……的疑团 ◇eg. Her father's illness cast a cloud over her wedding day.

eg. He still has a cloud of suspicion(怀疑) hanging over him.

3. the elder of their two sons 1. my elder brother ?2. his elder sister ?13. elder : adj. 年纪较长的 eg. ?

2. elderly relatives 年老的亲戚 1. an elderly couple 一对老年夫妇 ?elderly : adj. 年纪较大的; 上了年纪的 eg. ?

1. Lee was ill so I went instead. 14. instead : adv. in the place of sb./sth. 代替; 顶替; 反而; 却 eg. ?2. He didn't reply. Instead, he turned on his heel(鞋跟) and left the room. ?

3. Instead he watches whatever he wants... ?

1. We just had soup instead of a full meal. instead of : prep. in the place of sb./sth. 代替; 作为……的替代 eg. ?2. Now I can walk to work instead of by car. ?

3. He would like to go there tomorrow instead of today. ?

15. whatever : pron. any or every; anything or everything 任何; 每一; 任何事物; 一切事物; 无论什么; 究竟什么

1. Take whatever action is needed. eg. ?

2. Do whatever you like. ?

3. Whatever decision he made, I 'd support it. ?

5. Whatever do you mean? ?

4. You have our support, whatever you decide. ?

1 or whatever : (spoken) 或诸如此类的东西; 等等 【词组】◇

2 whatever you do : (警告某人决不要做某事)无论如何 ◇

eg. It's the same in any situation; in prison, hospital or whatever. eg. Don't tell Paul, whatever you do!

2. —Is there any doubt about it? —None whatever. ?

whatever : no, nothing, none, ect. whatever一点儿都不; 丝毫不; 什么都没有

1. They received no help whatever. eg. ?

他们没有得到一点儿帮助。

1. Consumers are very nervous about the future. eg. ?

3. The horse may be nervous of cars. ?

—对此有怀疑吗? —丝毫没有。

2. He had been nervous about inviting us. ?

4. I felt really nervous before the interview. ?

16. nervous : adj. +__________ /of sth. 焦虑的; feel lonely and nervous

5. a nervous glance/ ________/ __________/ a thin, nervous girl ?胆怯的一瞥/微笑/声音/瘦削而又胆怯的女孩儿

【词组】be frightened/nervous/scared of one's own shadow(影子): 非常胆小; 十分紧张

A nervously : adv. eg. She smiles nervously. ○

17. offer : v. 主动提出; 自愿给予

1. He offered £4,000 for the car. eg. ?

3. He offered some useful advice. ?

5. I gradually took the cup of coffee she offered me. ?

2 have sth. to offer: 能提供; 能适合要求 ◇

B nervousness : n. (U) eg. He tried to hide his nervousness. ○

1 offer sth. __________sb. for sth.=offter sb. sth. ◇

2. Josie had offered her services as a guide. ?

4. They decided to offer the job to Jo.= offer Jo the job. ?

6. The kids offered to do the dishes. ?

7. She offered him 500 dollars to do the work. ?

3 offer one's __________: 伸出手(以便同别人握手) eg. Oxford has a lot to offer its students in the way of education. ◇

18. proper : adj. 正确的; 恰当的

2 in one's proper place /◇3 proper food ◇

1. Nothing is in its proper place. eg. ?

1 have a __________discussion : 进行恰当的讨论 ◇

eg. We should have had a proper discussion before voting(表决). eg. Eat some proper food , not just toast and jam!

4 __________and proper: 完全; 彻底 2. When are you going to get a proper job? 【词组】◇ ?

5 __________and proper : 天经地义 ◇

eg. That's messed things up good and proper. 这就把事情彻底弄砸了。

1. Make sure the letter is properly addressed. eg. ?

3. How much money do we need to do the job properly? ?

eg. It's right and proper that parents take responsibility for their children's attendance at school(上学).

properly : adv. 正确地; 恰当地 2. The television isn't working properly. ?

【词组】properly _______________: 严格地说 19. secondly : adv. (用于列举) 第二; 其次 20. explain : v. 解释; 说明

1. First, I'll explain the rules of the game (to you). eg. ?

eg. The subject is not, properly speaking(=really), a science. eg. Firstly, it's expensive, and secondly, it's too slow.

△ explain sth. _________sb.=explain _________sb. sth.

1

2. It was difficult to explain the problem to beginners. ?

3. She explained to them what to do in an emergency(紧急情况). ?

△ explain that.../wh—...

2

1. I explained that an ambulance(救护车) would be coming soon. ?2. Alex explained that his car had broken down. eg. ?

3. He explained who each person in the photo was. ?

4. Can you explain how the e-mail system works? ?

5. Well, that doesn't explain why you didn't phone. ?

2. Can you explain yourself a little more?—I didn't understand. ?

【词组】explain oneself: 为自己的行为作说明(或解释)

1. I really don't see why I should have to explain myself to you. eg. ?

38.

【动词搭配】explain sth. __________: 为……作辩解 eg. He tried his best to explain mistakes away. explanation : n. (C./U.) 解释; 说明; 阐述+ for (doing) sth.

1. I can't think of any possible explanation for his absence. eg. ?

2. He didn't give a very clear explanation for being late. ?

1 offer / __________an explanation: 提供解释 ◇

eg. She offered an explanation for her mistake.

2 ______________explanation: 未作解释 ◇

eg. She left the room suddenly without explanation.

3 with an explanation: eg. The book opens with an explanation of what some drugs(药物) are banned(禁止). ◇

4 ________way of explanation: 通过解释的方法 eg. "I had to see you," he said, by way of explanation. ◇

1. She gave me clear directions. 21. clear: adj. △ 清楚易懂的; 明白清楚地; 不含混的 eg. ?

2. Are these instructions clear enough? 3. You'll do as you're told, is that clear? ??1

1 make oneself clear: 将自己表达清楚 【搭配】◇eg. This behavior must stop—do I make myself clear? 2 make it clear to sb. that...

eg. I made it clear to him that he was no longer welcome here. ◇

△ clear to sb. that... | clear what( how, whether ect.) 明显的; 显然的; 明确的

1. It was quite clear to me that she was lying. 2. It is not clear what they want us to do. eg. ??2

△ clear__________ / on sth. | clear what( how, whether ect.) 无疑的; 清楚的; 明白的 3

1. Are you clear about the arrangements for tomorrow? ?

3. I'm still not clear what the job is about. ?2. My memory is not clear on that point. ?4. We need a clear understanding of the problems. ?

1 keep a clear head_______ ...保持清楚的头脑 eg. You'll need to keep a clear head for your job interview. 【搭配】◇

2 as clear as a __________: 非常清楚 ◇eg. She was in Australia but I could hear her voice as clear as a bell.

eg. On a clear day you can see France. / a clear blue sky △ 无云(或雾) 的; 晴朗的 4

1 be clear sailing (AmE.) =be plain sailing : 顺利; 一帆风顺

【词组】 ◇

2 as clear as __________: 显而易见; 容易看见; 容易理解; 容易懂 ◇

3 as clear as _________: (spoken) 一点也不清楚; 难懂 ◇

4 _________the clear: 不再有危险; 不再被认为有罪 ◇

5 keep a clear/cool head: (在困境中) 保持冷静 ◇eg. Oh well, that's all as clear as mud, then. eg. It seems that the original suspect(原先的嫌疑犯) is in the clear. eg. He can always keep a clear head when in trouble. 6 ________and clear : 清楚明白 eg. The message is coming through loud and clear. 消息传达得清楚明白。 ◇

22. copy : v. △ 抄写; 誊写

△ 作弊; 抄袭+ from/off sb. 1

21. She copied the phone number into her address book(通讯录). eg. ?2. I copied out(抄录下) several poems. ?

eg. Mike is my best friend, but he always copies my homework.

△ 模仿; 效法; 仿效 3

2. Her way of doing things has been copied by other students. ?

1. They copied (临摹)the designs from those on Greek vases(希腊花瓶). eg. ?1. She copies everything her sister does. eg. ? △ 复制; 复印; 仿造 4

12. Everything in the computers' memory(计算机的内存) can be copied onto diskettes(磁盘). ?23. return : v. △ 回来; 回去; 返回+ to.../from...

1. I waited a long time for him to return. 2. She's America tomorrow after six months in China. eg. ??

3. I to find the house empty. (下班回家) 4. When did she the trip? ??

5. I had to return to the store to look for my purse. ?△ 归还; 带回; 送回; 放回; 退换+ sb./sth. (to sb./sth.

1. I must return some books to the library. 2. Don't forget to return my pen! / I returned the letter unopened. eg. ??2

△ 回报; 回应 eg. 31. return a __________/__________ /stare 报恩/回应问候/回瞪一眼 ?

2. She phoned him several times but he was too busy to return her call. ?3. He did not return her love. ?

4. It's time we returned their invitation. ?恢复正常 return to _____________

1. on one's return/on the return journey/trip/flight ?

3. I saw the play on its return to Broadway(百老汇). ?return : n. △ (sing. 单数) 回来; 回去; 返回 1

2. He was met by his brother on his return from Italy. ?

39.

eg.The judge ordered the return of the child to his mother. △ (U.) 归还; 放回; 退回

1 __________return (for sth.) : 作为(对……的) 回报; 作为回应 【词组】◇

1. Can I buy you lunch in return for your help? 2. I asked her opinion, but she just asked me a question in return. eg. ??2

2 many happy returns (of the day) : (生日祝福) 生日快乐; 长命百岁 ◇

24. any·more=any more : adv.(常用于否定句和疑问句) 再也(不);(不) 再

1. She doesn't live here any more. 2. Why doesn't he speak to me any more? eg. ??

3. Your best friend doesn't trust you anymore. ?4. Next year she won't have to go out to work any more. ?

1. She is a member of the family./a member of staff/society eg. ?

2. He often talks to the other families when in trouble. ?25. member : n. 成员; 分子+ of sth. 26. pressure : n. △(U) 压力; 挤压 1

1. The nurse applied pressure (实施压力) to his arm to stop the bleeding. eg. ?

2. The barriers(路障) gave away under the pressure of the crowd. ?

△ (U) (also pressures) 心理压力; 紧张 21. She was unable to attend because of the pressure of work. eg. ?

3. How can anyone enjoy the pressures of the city? ?2. You need to be able to handle(处理) pressure in this job. ?

3△ (U) 催促; 要求; 呼吁; 强迫+ for sth.| on sth.| to do sth.

1. The pressure for change will continue. 2. There is a great deal of pressure on young people to conform (守规矩). eg. ??

1 ______pressure on sb.(to do sth.) 强迫; 促使;劝说 【词组】◇3. popular pressure : 群众压力/ peer pressure : 同伴的压力 ?

2 _____________pressure : 被迫; (急于完成某事的) 压力 ◇eg. Advertisements put pressure on girls to be thin.

1. The president is under increasing pressure to resign.(请职) eg. ?

3 _________sb. a lot of pressure : 给某人很多压力 ◇2. The team performs well under pressure. ?eg. My parents give me a lot of pressure about school.

2 pressure point : 加压止血点 ◇1 pressure cooker : 高压锅; 压力锅 【拓展词】◇

127. compete : v. △ 竞争; 对抗+ __________/against sb. __________sth.

1. We can't compete with them on price. eg. ?2. Several companies are competing for the contract(合同). ?

3. Young children will usually compete for their mother's attention. 小孩子经常都会在母亲面前争宠。 ?

4. Small traders cannot compete in the face of cheap foreign imports. 面对廉价的外国进口商品, 经营规模小的商人无法与之抗衡。 ?

5. I have to compete with my classmates at school to get better grades. ?

△ 参加比赛(或竞争) +_______sth. against sb. eg. He's hoping to compete in the London marathon. A competition : + between /with sb. for sth. △ 竞争; 角逐 △ (C) 比赛; 竞赛 ○212

1. We are in competition with four other companies for the contract. eg. ?

3. a music/ photo / swimming competition 音乐/摄影/游泳比赛 ?2. to enter/win/lose a competition. ? 参加/赢得/输掉比赛

竞争性的比赛/体育运动/在竞争激烈的市场 B competitive : adj. 竞争的; (与……) 一样的好; (比……)更好的; 有竞争力的; 努力竞争的 ○1. competitive games/ sports/in a highly competitive market eg. ?

2. a shop selling clothes at competitive prices ?3. We need to work harder to remain competitive with other companies. ?

C competitively : adv. eg. competitively priced goods ○

D competitiveness : n. eg. to improve the competitiveness of Chinese industry ○

E competitor : n. (尤指商业方面的)竞争者; 对手 eg. Over 200 competitors entered the race. ○

28. opinion : n. (C) 意见; 想法; 看法+ about/of/on sb./sth. | that...

1. We were invited to give our eg. ?

2. I've recently changed my ?

4. He expressed the he wanted it a lot. ?3. Everyone had a different ?5. He has very strong political opinions. ?

1 in one's opinion=in the opinion ___________sb. 依某人之见 【词组】◇

1. In my opinion, it's a very good idea. eg. ?2. What's the opinion of the others? ?

2 a difference of opinion: 意见分歧 3 a matter of opinion: 看法问题 ◇◇

3 have a good/bad/high/low opinion__________ sb./sth. : 对……评价好/不好/高/低 ◇

1. The boss has a very high opinion of her. eg. ?

12. The teacher has a good opinion of this excellent student. ?1. The job requires(要求) some skill at managing. 29. skill : n. △(U) 技艺; 技巧 + in/at (doing) sth. eg. ?

40.

2. The excellent photographer has l skill in capturing(捕捉) the moment. ?

△(C) 技术; 技能 21. We need people with practical skills like carpentry(木匠). ?2. He has good management skills. eg. ?

3. Many of them are learning exam skills so that they can get into a good high school and later a good university. ?

30. typical: adj. + __________sb./sth. △ 典型的; 有代表性的 1

1. This is a typical Italian cafe. eg. ?

3. This meal is typical of local cookery(当地风味). ?2. This is a typical example of Roman pottery(瓷器). ?4. The weather at the moment is not typical for July. ?

5. The Taylors are a typical American family. ?

2. Being late is typical of her. ?

1. play football / a football match/team/stadium eg. ?

2. football boot: 足球鞋/footballing skills足球技巧 ?△ 不出所料; 特有的+ of sb./sth. 21. It was a typical of her to forget. eg. ?31. football : n. (美式)橄榄球; 足球 32. cut sth. out : △ 删除; 删去 1

eg. I would cut out the working experience as a waitress. △ 裁剪 eg. She cut the dress out of some old material. 2△ 住口; 打住

△ (尤指光线) 阻挡

A cut sth. out of sth. : △ (用剪刀) 剪下 ○

△ 停止做(或使用、食用)

B cut sb. out of sth. : 剥夺继承权=cut sb. off [2] ○

C be cut out for sth.| be cut out to be sth : ○3412eg. I'm sick of you two arguing—just cut it out! eg. Thick overhanging (垂落下来) branches cut out the sunlight. eg. I cut this article out of the newspaper. eg. I've been advised to cut sugar out of my diet. 1 Furious(盛怒的), her mother cut her out of her will(遗嘱). eg. ○2 He cut his son off without a penny. ○ 是……的材料; 具有所需素材及才能

2 cut sth. down to sth.| on sth.: 消减; 缩小 ◇

3 cut in __________sb./ sth.: 打断(谈话); 插嘴 ◇eg. He's not cut out for teaching./He's not cut out to be a teacher. eg. I usually cut across the park on my way home. 1 We need to cut the article down to 1,000 words. eg. ○2 The doctor told him to cut down on his drinking. ○

4 cut sb. __________: 中断(电话通话) ◇1 cut through/ _________sth : 抄近路;走近路 【动词搭配】◇eg. She kept cutting in on our conversation.

5 cut sth. __________ : 切碎; 剁碎 ◇eg. We were cut off in the middle of our conversation.

6 cut sb. / sth. off: 打断; 停止;中断(供给) ◇eg. He cut up the meat on his plate.

7 cut sb. __________ : 杀死某人 ◇1 My explanation was cut off by a loud shout. eg. ○

2 Our water supply(供给) has been cut off. ○

3 They were cut off for not paying their phone bill. ○

9 cut sb./sth. from sb./sth. 切断……的去路;使……与外界隔绝 ◇eg. He was cut down by a sudden bullet(子弹). 8 cut sth.______________: 砍倒 ◇eg. Many trees have been cut down in the area.

◇ cut sth. __________: 减少; 消减; 缩减 101 He has been cut off from his family for long. eg. ○

2 He cut himself off from all human contact. ○

1 She gave him a quick glance(迅速地瞥一眼). eg. ○

3 Would you like a quick drink? (小饮一杯) ○

5 The doctor said she'd make a quick recovery(快速康复). ○

7 It is quicker by train. ○

9 Have you finished already? That was quick. ○

1 The kids were quick to learn. ○

3 Her quick hands(敏捷的双手) suddenly stopped moving. ○

5 We need to make a quick decision. ○eg. If we don't sell more we'll have to cut back production(产量). 33. quick : adj. △ 快的; 迅速的; 时间短暂的 12 These cakes are very quick and easy to make. ○4 Are you sure this is the quickest way?(最快捷的方法) ○6 His quick thinking saved her life.(敏捷的思考) ○8 They have a quick dinner, and then it's time for homework. ○△ 敏捷的; 迅速的+ to do sth. eg. 22 She was quick to point out the mistakes I'd made. ○4 Try to be quick! We're late already. /He's a quick study. ○

6 Once again, his quick wits(机智)(=quickly thinking) got him out of an awkward situation.(尴尬境地) ○

1 to have a quick temper: 性子急;容易发脾气 【词组】◇

2 be quick/fast on the draw(n.抽签): 领悟敏捷; 反应迅速 ◇eg. She has a quick temper when she was in trouble. eg. You can't fool him, he's always quick on the draw.

1 Come as quick as you can! ○

3 It's another of his ideas to迅速致富). ○quick : adv. 迅速地; 快速地 eg. 2 Let's see who can get there quickest. ○

【词组】(as) quick as a flash =very quickly极快; 神速;旋即 eg. Quick as a flash she was at his side.

1 The exhibition ○34. continue : v. △ 持续; 继续存在 eg. 1

41.

2 The exam is required to ○

2

3 The rain all afternoon. ○

△ 继续做; 不停地干+ with sth. | doing sth.| to do sth.

1 Are you going to continue with the project? eg. ○

2 She wanted to continue working after she was married. ○

3 He continued to ignore(置若罔闻) everything I was saying. ○

35. compare : v. 比较; 对比

△ compare A with/to B eg. 2 My own problems seem nothing compared with other people's. ○

4 She is beautiful and young compared with the same age women. ○

1

△ compare A and B

1

1 As a parent, you shouldn't often compare your child and theirs. ○2 It's interesting to compare their situation and ours. eg. ○

1 We carefully compared the first report with the second. ○

3 This school compares with the best in the country. ○

5 And they are always comparing them with other children. ○

【词组】compare notes with sb. 与…交换看法/意见 eg. After class she likes comparing notes with her deskmates.

A comparative : adj. 比较的; 相比的 eg. He was living in comparative comfort(舒适). ○

B comparatively : adv. 相对地 eg. He died comparatively young. ○

C comparison : n. 比较+ with sb./sth. eg. It's difficult to 以前的)book. ○

36. crazy: adj. △不理智的; 疯狂的; 愚蠢的; 儍的=stupid It's crazy of sb. to do sth.

1 Are you crazy? We could get killed doing that. eg. ○二、本单元词组: 2 She must be crazy to lend him money. ___________________________ ○1. 提出建议 3 He drove like a madman, passing in the craziest places. ___________________________ ○2. 学的太多

1

4 What a crazy idea! ○

5 I know it sounds crazy but it just might work. ○

3. 得到充足的睡眠 4. 有做…的自由时间 5. 与……闲逛 6. 课后补习班 7. 与…陷入殴斗 8. 学到子夜

9. 入睡 ___________ 11. 打电话与…聊天 12. 与……打架 13. 看上去难过 ___________________ 15. 归还某物给某人 16. 忘记某事 ___________________ 19. 一件大事 ___________________ 22. 与家人相处的好

_________________________

24. 跟某人说某事

25. 一片又大、有黑的云 26. 悬挂_________________ 28. 是某人的年龄 ________________________

30. 主动帮助_________ 31. 在家里多做的活 32. 恰当的沟通 33. 与…沟通 34. 一直看电视

___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 10. 给…打电话_____________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 14. 翻看/浏览……的东西 ___________________________ ___________________________ 17. 说对不起________________ 18. 是朋友__________________ 20. 起作用_________________ 21. 学校的顾问

___________________________ 23. 常打架 ________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 27. 感到孤独和紧张

___________________________ 29. 有这样的情感

___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________

△ very angry非常生气

2

1 That noise is driving me crazy. eg. ○

2 Mary said he went crazy and beat his son heavily. ○

△ 热衷的; 狂热的+ about sth.

3

1 Rick is crazy about football. eg. ○

2 I'm not crazy about Chinese food. ○

3 The crowd○

4 You're so beautiful you're ○

△ 迷恋上; 爱上的+ about sb.

4

eg. I've been crazy about him since the first time I saw him.

A crazily : adv. ○

B craziness: n.(U) ○

【词组】like crazy/mad : 非常快地;拼命地;疯狂地

1 We worked like crazy to get it done on time. eg. ○

2 Rick ran away like crazy for his life. ○

3 People shouldn't push their kids so hard. ○

37. push : v. △ 鞭策; 督促

1

1 The music teacher really pushes her pupils. eg. ○

2 Lucy should push herself a little harder. ○

△ 推动(人或物); 移动(身体部位)

2

1 We pushed and pushed, but the piano wouldn't move. eg. ○

2 使劲推) ○

3 She pushed at the door but it wouldn't budge.(纹丝不动). ○

4 推开) ○

5 He walked slowly up the hill pushing his bike. ○

6 把…向前推) ○

7 He pushed his chair back and stood up. (把…向后推) ○

42.

8 (把…推开) ○

9 She pushed her face towards him. ○

10 (挤入) ○

35. 对……会更好 ____________________ 37. 让某事明朗 _____________________ 40. 抄其他人的作业 _____________________ 42. 其他家庭成员 _____________________ 44. 给出某人的观点 45. 在周末

_____________________ 47. 学习考试技巧 _____________________ 49. 一个典型的中国家庭 50. 进行篮球训练 _______________________ 52. 送某人去上钢琴课 53. 减掉几项活动 54. 疲惫的孩子们 55. 到家_____________

36. 做这道数学题

___________________________ 38. 学业分数_______________ 39. 最后一分钟

___________________________ 41.做运动__________________ 43. 给某人很多学业压力 ___________________________ ___________________________ 46. 参加很多课后补习班 ___________________________ 48. 进入好的大学

___________________________ ___________________________ 51. 进行足球训练

___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 56. 匆匆的吃了一顿晚饭 ___________________________ 58. 这样的压力_____________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 66. 在…之间差异点和相同点 ___________________________ ___________________________ 69. 早休息_________________ 70. 安静地做某事

___________________________

△ 说服; 劝解; 鼓励; 敦劝+ sb. into (doing) sth.

3

eg. My teacher pushed me into entering the competition. push sb. to do sth.

eg. No one pushed you to take the job, did they?

1 be pushing 40/50 : 接近40岁/50岁 【词组】◇

eg. She is pushing 50 although she is full of energy.

2 push one's ___________: 在冒一次险; 继续碰运气 ◇

eg. You didn't get caught last time, but don't push your luck!

3 push sth. to the back of one's mind : ◇

刻意忘掉(不愉快的事); 把……丢到脑后

eg. I tried to push the thought to the back of my mind.

1 push sb. about /around : 【动词搭配】◇

粗暴命令; 任意摆布

2 push sth. _________ : 不考虑; 不去想 ◇

eg. He pushed aside the feelings of fear.

3 push sth. __________ : 推迟; 延迟 ◇

eg. The start of the game was pushed back from 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. 不断要求; 争取; 催促

4 push______sth. | push sb. for sth. : ◇57. 一位三个孩子的母亲

_______________________________

59. 各种各样的课程

60. 把某人逼得太紧 62. 对…导致很多压力 63. 为某人自己思考 65. 身体锻炼

_____________________ 67. 从很小的年龄开始学

68. 依某人之见 _____________________

71. 关小电视

eg. I'm going to have to push you for an answer. eg. Don't push in, young man!

7 push sth. out : 大量生产 ◇

5 push ______(BrE.) = cut in (AmE.) : 加塞儿; 插队 ◇

61. 有利于一个孩子的成长

6 push sb. ____: 驱逐; 开除 eg. He's been pushed out. ◇

eg. The factories are pushing out cheap cotton shirts.

8 push sb./sth. __________ : 推倒; 推翻 ◇

64. 成功的/幸福的孩子们___________________________

eg. Sam pushed me over in the playground.

9 push sth. ___________ : 使通过; 使得到批准 ◇

eg. The government is pushing the changes through before the election.

10 push ahead/forward with sth. : 毅然推行计划 ◇

eg. The government is pushing ahead with its electoral reforms (选举改革).

1

_______________ 72. 在多等几天 38. development: n. △ (U) 发展; 发育; 成长; 壮大 1 Doctors say too much pressure is not good for a child's development. eg.○三、完成短文 ___________________________ 2 This is helpful for a person's career development. ○A.

△ (U./C) 开放; 研制; 研制成果

2

A sad-thirteen teenager wrote a letter to Robert Hunt, a

school counselor. His problem is that he can't _______ on with his family, for __________between his parents

1 The government is encouraging the development of small business. eg. ○

2 This piece of equipment is an exciting new development. ○

39. cause : v. 造成; 引起; 导致; 使发生

1 Do they know what caused the fire? eg. ○

2 Are you again? ○

have become difficult. They __________a lot and their argument is like a big,__________ cloud___________ over his home. And his elder brother is not very__________ to him. His brother doesn't let

him watch his favorite TV show while he watches __________ he wants until _________at night. He always

3 The bad weather is causing problems for many farmers. ○

4 The poor harvest caused prices to rise sharply. ○

43.

5 The project is still causing him a lot of problems. ○feels lonely and ___________.

Here is the reply _______Robert Hunt _______the boy. He suggests him talking about these feelings with his family. He should do more jobs __________the house so that his parents can have more time for proper________________. He can also sit _________and communicate _________his elder brother well about watching TV.

6 All these activities can cause a lot of stress for children. ○

cause : n. △ (C) 原因; 起因

1

1 Drinking and driving is one of the most common eg. ○

causes of traffic accidents.

2 There was discussion about the fire and its likely cause. ○

△ (U) 理由; 动机; 缘故+ for sth.

2

1 不必担心。 eg. ○

2 The food was excellent—抱怨). ○

3 with/without good cause : 理由充分/无缘无故 ○

1 be for/in a good cause: 做好事; 行善 【词组】◇

2 make common cause with sb. : ◇

B.

There are differences and similarities between Chinese and American families. Chinese children are busier on weekends than weekdays because they have to ________so many after-school classes, learning _________skills so that they can ________into a good ________school and later a good university.

The Taylors, a ______________American family, have three children, two sons and a daughter, who are very busy on most days after school. Cathy Taylor, the mother of the three, has to take one of her two sons to basketball ____________and the other son to piano _________ while her daughter has to be sent to do football ___________. The tired children don't get home _____________after 7:00 p.m. They have a ________dinner and then it's time________homework. Mrs Taylor thought she could cut__________ a few of their activities, but she also believes these activities are important for her children's ____________. In some families, ___________________starts very young and continues until the kids get _____________. Mothers send their

small kids to all ___________of classes and they are always _____________them with other children.

Doctors say too much ____________is not good for a child's _______________. Kids should have time to relax and think ___________themselves, too. Parents should let their kids be kids. They shouldn't _____________their kids so hard. Although it's normal to want __________children, it's even more important to have _______________children.

A. buy

B. to buy

C. buying C. improving

与某人联合起来; 与某人合作(以达到共同的目的)

40. usual : adj. 通常的; 寻常的; 惯常的 1 usual for sb./sth. : ◇

1 It's usual for him to be on time to school. eg. ○

2 She 找借口) ○

3 He came home later . (比平时) ○

4 She sat in her usual seat at the back. ○

5 He didn't sound like his usual happy self. (乐天派) ○

2 usual to do sth. : ◇

eg. It is usual to start a speech by thanking everyone for coming.

1 as usual : 照例; 照旧; 像往常一样 【词组】◇

1 Steve, as usual, was the last to arrive. eg. ○

2 As usual at that hour, the place was deserted. ○

3 Though having difficulties, she carried on working as usual. ○

2 business as usual : (尽管处境艰难) 一切照常; 不受干扰 ◇

3 as per usual/normal : (spoken)照常; 按惯例 ◇

eg. Everyone blamed(责怪) me as per usual.

41. perhaps : adv. 可能; 大概; 也许

1 —Are you going to come? —Perhaps. I'll see how I feel. eg. ○

2 Perhaps he's forgotten. ○

3 This is perhaps his best novel to date(迄今). ○

4 —You could do it yourself. —Yeah, perhaps. ○

Unit 4 Why don't you talk to your parents? 【单元检测】 1. How about ____________ a calendar?

2. I believe that singing English songs help me ____________ my English. A. as important as

B. the most important

C. the same

A. too, to A. bore

A. call in her A. reading

A. either

A. improve B. improved

3.—In our English study, reading is more important than speaking, I think. —I don’t agree. Speaking is _________ reading.

D. more important B. so, that B. bored C. to get B. call up her B. read B. too

C. enough, to C. boring D. got C. call her up C. reads C. also

4.This box is ___________ heavy ___________ I can’t carry it. 5. The book is ____________, I couldn’t finish it. 7. Maybe you should ____________. 8. Brian doesn’t like ____________.

6. Mum’s birthday is coming. What about _______ her some flowers? A. get B. getting

9. Yesterday I went to the library. Henry went there, ___________.

44.

10. Charles’ cousin is the same age __________ him. They get on well __________ each other. A. as, with

B. as, on

C. as, in

11. ___________ he’s old, he can still carry this heavy bag. 12. I hurried ______________ I wouldn’t be late for class. 14. We won’t start ______________Bob comes.

15. Teachers complain about ___________tired kids in the classroom. 16. I ____________home until I finish my homework. 17. It’s time ____________homework. 18. It’ s time __________ do homework. 19. They’ re ____________.

A. enough busy

20. I feel under_____________(press).

22. Parents should give us more___________(free). 25. If you don’t go to the park, I won’t go, ___________. A. too

B. also

C. either

27. —When will she go home?

A. at A. at

B. busy enough

A. Though B . Since C. For A. since B. so that C. unless

B. so that

C. because

A. until B. if C. unless A. teach

B. for B. for C. enough busies

B. taught C. teaching D. teaches

C. go C. to C. to

D. went D. with D. with

A. won’t go

B. will go

13. The teacher raised his voice _________ all the students could hear him. A. for

D. busy to enough

21. He may find it difficult____________(learn) English. 23. ______________(一方面), He is a good student. 24. _____________(另一方面), He speaks English very well. 26. We saw his sister ___________ here at that moment. A. play A. won’t go A. reading

B. played B. didn’t go

A. in

B. to read B. Of course C. so cold as

C. surprising; surprising

C. hear of him

A. other A. lived with C. was married with A. sometime C. at times C. 管好自己。 C. 难吃的食物

B. the other C. a

D. went to see B. all the time D. some times D. 别松劲儿。 D. 有小狗图案的袋子

D. another

C. playing C. will go B. of C. on C. reads C. Good idea

—She __________ home until she finishes her work. 29. My sister spends some time __________ on weekends. 30. —Let’s go to the zoo .—______________. A. as hot as

A. surprised; surprising A. call him up

eg. A reward was offered for the animal's safe return.

28. Yesterday, they talked about something important _________ the phone.

A. Hold on, please

31. —It seems that today is __________ yesterday. —Yes, you should wear a warm coat.

B. as cold as B. surprising; surprised B. keep him out

32. She looked ___________ when she heard the _____________ news. 33. —I can’t find him. What should I do? —Maybe you should __________.

2002年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS) 初赛初二组试题

B. got married to

【词组】

△ in safe hands / in the safe hands of sb. : 在可靠的人手里

1

3. Judy sometimes drinks coffee before lunch.

eg. I've left the kids in safe hands—with my parents. A. 耐心点儿。 A. 袋装狗食

B. 牵好马。 B. 打包袋

4. —I have no time. Hurry up! —6. There __________ only one desk and three chairs in that room last night. A. was B. were C. to be D. are 7. My sister always says she is too thin. But I think she is just __________ thin. A. more

9. —What are you doing here?

—I don’t like this skirt. I’m trying to find _______ to wear. 10. —__________? —I caught a bad cold. A. What do you do?

B. What did you catch?

C. Why are you here?

D. What’s the matter?

B. much

C. a few A. on

B. at

A. else anything C. something else

D. a little C. for B. everything D. new something

D. of

8. We all laughed ___________ Johnny when he made faces.

45.

11. The boy is short __________ fat.

12.—__________ do you like China? —Oh, very much. A. a;不填;The;the

B. a;the;A;the

A. with A. Why

B. or B. How

C. so C. What

D. but D. When

13. There is __________boy playing ________ football under the tree. _________ boy lives near _________Changjiang River.

C. 不填;the;The;the A. to think

B. waiting

D. 不填;a;The;不填 C. be worried

D. healthy

14. The bus kept the people _________ for so long. 15. —Help yourself to some fruit! —__________ A. Oh, I’m hungry.

B. Yes, please.

C. No, I can’t.

D. Oh, thank you.

D. No, you needn’t.

D. two; mine

C. fifth; me D. English

C. the best

D. the younger D. finds; look out C. were C. passed

D. be D. threw

16. —I’ m sorry about that. —____________ A. That’s all right. B. I’m OK. C. Thank you. 17. —Which umbrella is yours? —The ________ one is _______. A. second; mine B. four; my 18. In __________, “the ground floor” has the same meaning as “the first floor” in China. A. the USA

B. Chinese

C. England B. liker

19. Mel looks __________ of the two boys. A. older A. looks at; find

B. is watching; find out

20. Fred’s daughter __________ the machine over there. She wants to __________ how it works.

C. is looking for; know A. are B. is A. dressed

B. found

2003年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)初二组样题

1. The news _____________ for my brother.

2. “Handed” in “He handed the coat to his wife.” means ___________ 3. —Would you like some more coffee? —__________. I’m full A. You, please.

B. Yes, please.

C. Thanks all the same. A. the; a A. first C. little; much C. Tom and Lily C. May; must C. each; Some

A. put it away B. put them away

A. say B. on; for

B. tell

A. to; to

B. the; the B. middle

D. Don't trouble me. C. the; / C. together D. less; more

D. of Tom and Lily D. May; mustn’t D. other; Many C. put away them C. talk C. to; from

D. put away it D. speak D. for; at D. a; the D. last

4. We can’t see _________ moon in _________ daytime. 5. Most English people’s family name comes_________. A. fewer; more A. Tom’s and Lily’s A. Must; needn’t A. both; All

B. more; less B. Tom and Lily’s B. Can; may B. every; None

6. It will be bad for your health to eat _________ food and take _________ exercise. 7. —Who’s the woman in the blue car? —She is _________ mother.

8. —_________ I go out to play now, Mum? —No, you _________ finish your homework first.

9. There are shops on _________ sides of the street. _________ of them do not close until 1 o’clock at night. 10. Look! Here are your shoes. You must __________.

11. —What's this in English? —Sorry. I don’t know how to ____________ it. 12. Here is a letter _______Linda _______her friend in America. 13. Did the teacher say ____________ in the last lesson? A. something interesting

B. anything interesting

C. interesting something B. Don't say so C. 碰钉子 B. to go out B. a quite C. I’d like it.

C. not go out C. quite an C. That's good

D. interesting anything D. No, it’s not nice D. 品头论足 D. go out not D. an quite D. I’d be happy to.

14. —Your watch is very nice. —___________. A. Thanks A.发疯

17. It is _________ useful book. A. I’ve no time.

B. 去摘香蕉

A. not to go out A. quite

B. I’d rather not.

16. We’d better __________ so early.

18. —I’ll be away on a business trip. Do you mind(介意)looking after my cat? —Not at all. _________

19. —_______ does your brother go back home? —Four times a month. A. How long B. How much C. How soon D. How often 20. —I don’t like chicken _________ fish. I like beef. —I don’t like chicken, _________ I like fish very much. A. and; and

B. and; but

C. or; and

D. or; but

46.

Unit 5. What were you doing when the rainstorm came?

一、单词学习:

1. rainstorm : n. a heavy fall of rain暴风雨

1 What were you doing when the rainstorm came? eg. ?

1

2 at the time of the rainstorm ?

2. alarm: n. △=alarm clock闹钟 eg. The alarm went off at 7 o'clock.

1 The doctor said there was no cause for alarm. △ (U) 惊恐; 惊慌; 恐慌 eg. ?

2

2 I felt a growing sense of alarm when he did not return that night. ?

3 "What have you done?" Eric said _________alarm. ?

惊恐地

3 a burglar/fire/smoke alarm ?

防盗/防火/烟火警报器

△ (C) ( usu. sl.) 报警

3

1 She decided to 发出警报 eg. ?

2 I knocked at all the doors to ?让大家警觉

△ (C) 报警器

3

1 The cat (碰响警铃) eg. ?2 A car alarm went off in the middle of the night. ?

2 alarm clock : 闹钟 ○

1 alarm bells ring/start ringing : 警钟响起; 发出危险信号 【词组】○

eg. Listen! The alarm bells are ringing/start ringing. Let's run quickly. eg. I set the alarm clock _______7 o'clock.

1 (闹钟、警报器等) 发出响声 eg. My alarm didn't go off so I woke up late. 3. go off : ◇

2 离开(尤指去做某事) 3 开火; 爆炸 1 The bomb went off in a crowded street. eg. She went off to get a drink. ◇eg.?◇

4 (电灯) 熄灭; (电)中断; 停止运行 5 入睡; 睡着 2 The gun went off by accident. ?◇◇

7 (质量)下降 1 Suddenly the lights went off. eg. Hasn't the baby gone off yet? eg.?◇

6 (食物、饮料) 变质; 变坏 2 The heating goes off at night. eg. Her books have gone off in recent years. ?◇

A go off sb./sth. : eg. The milk has gone off already. ○

不再喜欢某人/某事物;失去对……的兴趣

1 Jane seems to be going off Paul. 2 I've gone off beer.

B go off with sb. : 与某人私奔 eg.??○C go off with sth. : 携他人之物而去 eg. He went off with his best friend's wife. ○

eg. He went off with $ 10,000 of the company's money.

4. begin : v. began, begun, beginning 开始; 启动

1 We began work on the project in May. eg.?

3 He always begins his lessons with a warm-up exercise. ?

2 begin to do sth. ◇

1 begin sth. ◇

2 I began this novel last month and I still haven't finished it. ?

4 He began his political career as a student. ?

1 I began to feel sleepy. ?2 She began to cry. ?3 At last the guests began to arrive. eg. ?

1 It was beginning to snow. eg. ?

1 Everyone began talking at once. eg. ?

2 I was beginning to think you'd never come. ?

2 When will you begin doing this job? ?

3 be beginning to do sth. ◇

3 begin doing sth. ◇

1 at first 起初; 开始 【词组】to begin with: ◇1 I found it tiring to begin with but I soon got used to it. eg. ?

2 We'll go slowly to begin with. ?

2 首先; 第一点 eg. —What was it you didn't like? —Well, to begin with, our room was far too small. ◇

A beginner: n. 新手; 初学者 eg. She's in the beginners' class. beginner's luck: 新手的好运 ○

1 at the beginning of... : (指开始的时间和起点) B begining: n. + of sth. 开头; 开端; 开始部分 ○◇

2 since the beginning of... eg. We're going to Japan at the beginning of July. ◇

3 from the beginning of... eg. She's been working there since the beginning of last summer. ◇

4 from beginning to end eg. Let's start again from the beginning. ◇

5 in the beginning=at first 与后来相对 eg. I've read the whole book from beginning to end and still can't understand it. ◇

1 He fell heavily. ?2 It was raining heavily. eg.?5. heavily : adv. 在很大程度上; 大量的

3 He likes drinking heavily.(豪饮) ?4 to be heavily taxed ?6. heavy : adj. △ 重的; 沉的

1

1 My brother is much heavier than me. /How heavy is it? eg.?2 He tried to push the heavy door open. ?

1 There was heavy fighting in the city last night. eg.?

3 There was a heavy rain/snow/frost last night. ?

2 They have a heavy schedule. ?

2 Look! That's a heavy cake! ?

△ (在数量、程度等方面) 超出一般的; 比一般严重的

2

2 She spoke with heavy accent (浓重的口音). ?

1 She had a heavy day today. △ 工作(活动) 多的; 繁忙的 eg.?

1 She never has a heavy dinner/lunch. eg.?△ 量大的; 厚实的

34

47.

△ (做某事) 过量的; 超出一般程度的; 过度的 eg. a heavy drinker/ eater/smoker /breather/sleeper酒鬼/烟鬼/饭量大的

1 _________heavy: 变得严重; 变的激烈 eg. They started shouting at me. It got very heavy. 【词组】 ◇

2 heavy _________: 难以打交道; 难以处理; 难以理解 1 She's a bit heavy going. 她有点难缠。 eg. ?◇

3 heavy___________: 严厉手段; 粗暴方式; 暴虐行为 2 I found the course rather heavy going. ?◇

4 a heavy ___________: 悲哀的心情 eg. She felt her children behind with a heavy heart. ◇

5 make heavy weather of sth. : 小题大做 eg. Don't make heavy weather of it, for it's just a piece f cake. ◇

1 I suddenly realized what I had to do. eg. ?7. suddenly: adv. 突然; 忽然; 猛地; 骤然

2 It all happened so suddenly. 3 "Listen! " said Dave suddenly. ?? sudden: adj. 突然的; 忽然的; 骤然的

1 Don't make any sudden movements. 2 His death was very sudden. 3 a sudden change/decision. eg. ? ??

5

【词组】all _________a sudden : 突然; 猛地

1

eg. All of sudden someone grabbed (抓住) me around the neck.

3 Sales have picked up 14% this year. ?

8. pick up : △ 改善; 好转; 增强 1Trade usually picks up in the spring. 2 The wind is picking up now. eg. ??

2

eg. Let's pick up where we left off yesterday. △ 重新开始; 继续

eg. All seem to do is cook, wash and pick up after the kids. △ (为某人) 收拾; 整理

2 让人乘车; 搭载 1 (开车) 接人 A pick sb. up : ◇eg. I'll pick you up at five. ◇○

3 (从海里或危险处) 营救; 搭救 ◇eg. A lifeboat picked up survivors(幸存者). eg. The bus picks up passengers outside the airport. 4 (警察) 逮捕; 抓捕 5 提神; 使人觉得舒服 eg. He was picked up by police and taken to the station for questions. ◇◇

3

1 拿起; 举起; 提起 B pick sb. /sth. up : ◇○

2 接收(信号、声音、图像等) ◇eg. Try this—it will pick you up.

1 She went over to the crying child and picked her up. eg. ?

3 We were able to pick up the BBC World Service. ?

1 (偶然) 得到; 听到; 学会eg. C pick sth. up : ◇○

2 He picked up the phone and dialled (拨打) the number. ?

4 I called at seven and you didn't pick up=pick up the phone. ?

1 He has picked up some bad habits. ?

3 She picked up Spanish when she was living in Spain. ?

3 取回; 收集 ◇

2 Here's a tip I picked up from my mother. ?

2 辨认; 识别出 ◇

eg. Scientists can now pick up early signs of the disease.

eg. We managed to pick up a few bargains there.

4 (碰巧或廉价地) 买到 ◇

5 得; 感染; 得到 ◇

6 找到; 跟踪; 追寻 ◇

7 回到(本题) ; 恢复原状 ◇

eg. I picked up my coat from the cleaners.

eg. I seem to have picked up a terrible cold from somewhere./I picked up£30 in tips(小费) today. eg. We can pick up the motorway (高速公路) in a few miles.

eg. He picks up this theme(主题) again in later chapters of the book.

eg. Will you pick up all your toys?

◇ 收拾房间

10

8 觉察; 发觉; 注意到 eg. I picked up the faint(微弱的) sound of a car in the distance(在远处). ◇

9 收拾; 整理(esp. AmE.) ◇

eg. She is picking up her room.

D pick up _________sth.: 领略; 意会; 意识到 eg. She failed to pick up on the humor (幽默) in his remark (话语). ○

E pick sb. up on sth.: 挑毛病; 算旧账; 提到某人的错误 eg. I knew he would pick me up on that slip(过失) sooner or later. ○

1 He just picked himself up and went on running. F pick oneself up: (跌倒后) 站起来 eg. ?○

2 She didn't waste time feeling sorry for herself—she just picked herself up and carried on. ?

9. strange : adj. △ 奇特的; 奇怪的; 异常的+ that/how...

1

1 It's strange (that) we haven't heard from him. eg. ?

2 It's strange how childhood impressions longer. ?

4 She was looking at me in a very strange way. ?

1 something strange: 有些异常 【搭配】◇

2 strange to __________: 说来奇怪 ◇

3 A strange thing happened this morning.

?

5 That's strange—the front door's open. ?

eg. There was something strange about her eyes. eg. Strange to say, I don't really enjoy television.

2

3 ______________strange : 感觉不自在; 感觉不舒服 △ 陌生的; 不熟悉的+ sb. ◇

1 She felt strange sitting at her father's desk. eg. ?

2 It was terribly hot and I started to feel strange. ?

eg. At first the place was strange to me.

A strangely : adv. 异常地; 奇怪地; 不可思议地 ○

1 She's been acting very strangely lately. eg. ?

2 The house was strangely quiet. ?

3 Strangely enough, I don't feel at all nervous. ?

3 We've told our daughter not to speak to strangers. ?

B stranger : n. 陌生人; 外地人+ to sb. ○

1 There was a complete stranger sitting at my desk. eg. ?

2 They got on well together although they were ?

素未谋面)

48.

4 She remained a stranger to me. ?5 He must have been a stranger to the town. ?

【词组】be no/a stranger to sth. : 熟悉/不熟悉某事; 习惯/不习惯某事 eg. He is no stranger to the lifestyle here.

10. storm : n. △ 暴风雨 △ 浪潮+ of sth.

1

2

1 A few minutes later the storm broke(=began). eg. ?

2 I think we're ?3 fierce/heavy violent storms 狂风暴雨 ?4 a storm of applause (雷鸣般的掌声) ?

1 a storm in a teacup : 大惊小怪; 小题大做;茶杯里的风暴(小事引起的风波) 【搭配】◇

2 take sth./sb. by storm : 在某处大获成功; 使观众等倾倒; 突然攻占某处

1 The enemy took the town by storm last night. eg. ?2 The play took London by storm. ?

3 any pork in a storm : 慌不择路; 饥不择食; 有病乱投医 ◇

11. wind : n. △ 风; 气流

1

1 The wind is blowing from the south. eg. ?

3 A gust of wind (一股风) blew my hat off. ?

2 The trees were swaying(摇曳) in the wind. ?

4 The weather was hot, without (一丝的风) ?

5 The wind is getting up. ?

6 The wind has dropped. ?

【搭配】

1 ________wind : 强劲的风 ◇

2 _________wind: 大风 ◇

4 a __________ wind: 南风 ◇

3 a ________wind ◇

△ 胃气; 肠气

2

△ (运动或吹奏乐器时的) 呼吸

3

北风

5 east/west wind ◇

1 I can't eat beans—they ?2 Try to bring the baby's wind up. eg. ?

3 I need time to get my wind(呼气) back after that run. ?

1 break wind: 放屁 【词组】◇

6 a chill/______/biting north wind ◇

东风/西风

冷飕飕的/寒冷的/刺骨的北风

7 wind ______: 风速 ◇

8 wind direction : 风向 ◇

4 _________the wind : 即将发生; 在酝酿中 ◇

2 get wind of sth. : 听到……的风声; 获悉……的秘密消息 ◇

3 get/have the wind up about sth. : 因……害怕(或忧虑) ◇

5 _________the wind : =very quickly一阵风似地; 飞快地 ◇

6 put the wind up sb. : (BrE.) 使害怕 ◇

eg. Once again, changes are in the wind.

7 _________the wind out of sb.'s sails : ◇

8 throw /cast caution (谨慎; 小心) to the winds: 不顾危险; 鲁莽行事; 冒险 ◇

出其不意地打击某人的信心; 突然减轻某人的怒气

9 a ___________wind: ◇

eg. He threw caution to the wind and dived into the water after the child. ◇ _________close to the wind: 冒大风险; 干危险或可能违法的事

10

顺风

11 a straw in the wind : 迹象; 苗头; 征兆 ◇

12. light : n. △ (U) 光; 光线; 光亮 eg.

1

1 The light was beginning to fail. ?

4 Bring it into the light so I can see it. ?

2 bright/dim light明亮/暗淡光线 ?

6 a beam/ray of light ?

3 She could just see by the light of the candle. ?

7 This is a room with good/poor natural light. ?

一束/一缕光线

2 A light was still burning in the bedroom. ?

4 Check your car before you drive to make sure that your lights are working. ?

6 to turn down/up the lights关小/开大 ?

3 headlight : 前灯;头灯 ◇

1 Suddenly all the lights went out. △ (C) 电灯; 发光体; 光源 eg. ?

2

3 Keep going—the lights(=traffic lights) are green. ?

5 to turn/switch the lights on/off 开/关灯 ?

1 brake light : 刹车指示灯 【拓展】◇

7 to turn out the lights把灯关掉 ?

4 leading light : 重要的活跃人物 ◇

2 green light : 绿灯 ◇

△ (sing) 火柴; 打火机; 点火器

3eg. Have you got a light?(BrE.)=Do you have a light? 你有火儿吗?

2 be _______sb's light: 挡住某人的光线 ◇

受尊敬的人物

5 red light : 红灯 ◇

1 be/go out_________a light : 很快入睡 【词组】◇

3 bring sth.________ light: 揭露; 披露; 暴露; 揭发 ◇

eg. Could you move—you're in my light.

eg. These facts have only just been brought to light.

5 come _________light : 为人所知; 变得众所周知; 暴露 ◇

4 throw light ___________sth.: 使(问题等)较容易理解 ◇

eg. Recent research has thrown new light on the causes of the disease.

最近的研究可以使人进一步了解导致这种疾病的原因。

7 see the light :终于领悟; 最终明白; 最后接受 ◇

8 see light________ sth. : 点燃; 引火烧 ◇

eg. New evidence (证据) has recently come to light.

6 __________the light of sth.: 考虑到; 鉴于 ◇

eg. He rewrote(重写) the book in the light of further research.

9 _________ the lights : 闯红灯 eg. Don't jump the lights. ◇

◇ in a good/bad light :从好/坏等角度

10

A light : adj. 充满亮光的; 明亮的; 浅色的; 轻的; 轻柔的; 轻松地; 少量的 ○

1 It gets light at about 5 o'clock. eg. ?

2 She always gets up before it's light. ?

3 She has light blue eyes. ?

5 The little girl was as light as a feather. ?

8 I just want something light for lunch. ?

2 a light _________: 灵巧的处事能力 ◇

4 He's lost a lot of weight—he's three kilos lighter than he was. ?

6 She felt a light tap on her shoulders. ?

7 You can do some light housework. ?

1 be light _______sth. : (BrE.) 不足; 缺乏 eg. We seem to be light on fuel.(燃料) 【词组】◇

3 make _________of sth. : 轻视; 对…等闲视之 ◇

eg. She handles(处理)this difficult subject with a light touch.

49.

eg. I didn't mean to make light of your injuries.

B light : v. (lit; lit) 点燃; 点火; 开始燃烧; 燃起来 ○

3 The fire wouldn't light. ?

4 make light _________of sth. : 轻而易举地做某事 ◇

5 many hands make light work : (saying) 人多好办事; 众人拾柴火焰高 ◇

1 The candles were lit. eg. ?2 She lit a candle. ?

4 I put a lighted match to the letter and watched it burn. ?

1 light ______/upon sth.:(文学) 偶然遇见;偶尔发现; 【动词搭配】◇

1

2

eg. His eyes lit upon a small boat on the sea.

3

2 light _______/ light sth. up : △ 开始吸一根烟 △ (使) 光亮; 放光彩 △ 喜形于色; 喜气洋洋

1 They all lit up as soon as he left the room. eg. ?

1 There were fireworks and the whole sky lit up. eg. ?

1 His eyes lit up when she walked into the room. eg. ?

2 He sat back and lit up a cigarette. ?

2 The night sky was lit up with fireworks. ?

2 A smile lit up her face. ?

C light : adv. 【词组】travel light: 轻装上路 ○

1 报道; 公布; 发表; 宣布 13. report : v. △

1 She reported on royal stories(王室的活动) in the local press.

eg. Many people like traveling light nowadays. report_________ sth.

2 It was reported that several people had been arrested(逮捕). ?

2 The news on TV reported that a heavy rainstorm was in the area. ?

2 She is reported to earn over $ 10 million a year. ?

2 report sth. to sb. □

1 eg. ?

2 汇报; 报告; 通报 □1 report _________sth. to sb. △

eg. The committee will report on its research to us next month.

3 report sth. /sb. □

eg. Call immediately if you have anything to report to us.

4 report sth. /sb. as sth./as doing sth. □

eg. The crash(飞机坠毁) happened seconds after the polite reported engine trouble.

6 report to be/do sth. □

1 The house was reported to be in excellent condition. eg. ?

7 report sth.+ adj. □

eg. The house was reported as being in excellent condition.

5 report doing sth. □

eg. The neighbors reported seeing him leave the building around noon.

2 She was reported by doctors to be making excellent progress. ?

eg. The doctor reported the patient fully recovered.

1 report sth. to sb. □

3 举报; 告发 △

eg. Have you reported the accident to the police yet?

2 report for (doing) sth. □

1She has reported her daughter for missing. eg. ?

2 He's already been reported twice for arriving late. ?

1 Find out as much as you can about him and report back to me. eg. ?

2 report sb. to sb. eg. She has reported her husband to the police. □

1 report back : 回归; 返回 【动词搭配】◇

eg. Take an hour for lunch and report back at 2.

2 report back ______sth. to sb. : 汇报(所需信息) ; 反馈 ◇

2 One person in the group should be prepared to report back to the class on your discussion. ?

1 报道+ on/of sth. report : n. △

2 汇报; 报告; 记述+ on sth. △

【词组】of bad/good report : 名声坏/好

1

1 Are these newspapers reports true? eg. ?2 a weather report天气预报 ?

1 Can you give us a report on this? ?2 reports on the health service eg. ?

eg. She is of good report in the class.

3 John is the London area manager. ?

4 mountainous/desert area ?

1 There is heavy traffic in the downtown area(商业闹市区) tonight. 14. area : n. △ (C) 地域; 地区 eg. ?2 She knows the local area very well. ?

2

山区/荒漠地域 △ (C) 地方; 场地; 区 eg. a play/parking/dining area

1 The room is 12 square meters in area. ?2 the area of the room △ (C/U) 面积 eg. ?

15. wood : n. △ (U./C.) 木; 木头; 木料; 木材; 木柴 △ (C.) (woods) 树林; 林地

1 He chopped some wood for the fire. 2 All the furniture was made of wood. 1 a large wood: 一大片树林 eg. ??eg. ?

3

1

2

3 Ben's dad was putting pieces of wood over the windows. ?

1 not see the wood for the trees : (BrE.) 见树不见林 【词组】◇

2 a walk in the woods ?

not see the forest for the trees : (AmE.) <比喻> 没有注意主要点, 而过多注意一些小细节

2 not out of the woods : 尚未渡过难关; 尚未摆脱困境 eg. We're not out of the woods yet, you know. ◇

3 knock________wood ( AmE.) =touch wood (BrE.) : 表示希望继续走好运 4 neck of the woods : 某地区; 某地方 ◇◇eg. I've been driving for over 20 years and never had an accident—touchwood! eg. He's from your neck of the woods. 1 wood.block: 木条; 木块 【拓展词汇】◇

3 wood.cock : 丘鹬(yù) ◇

2 wood carving : 木雕; 木雕品 ◇

4 wood.cut : 木版画; 木刻 ◇

50.

wooden : adj. 木制的; 木头的; 木讷的; 呆板的 woodenly : adv. eg. She speaks her lines very woodenly. 16. window : n. △ (C) 窗; 窗户; 窗口; 窗玻璃 2 the bedroom/car/kitchen window/ a broken window ?

1

2

1 a wooden box eg. ?

2 The actor playing the father was too wooden. ?

1

She looked out of the window. eg. ?

3 Do you mind if I open the window? ?

eg. I saw the dress I wanted in the window. △ (C) (商店的)玻璃橱窗; 陈列窗

a window display

【词组】fly/go out (of) the window: (infml.) 化为乌有; 消失殆尽 eg. As soon as the kids arrived, order went out of the window.

孩子们一到, 一切就都乱了套。

1 window box : 窗口花坛; 窗口花箱 2 window dressing : (U) 橱窗装饰艺术 【拓展词汇】◇◇

3 window—shopping : (U) 浏览橱窗(通常无意购买) eg. to go window-shopping ◇

4 window sill : 窗台; 窗沿 ◇

eg. Place the plants on a sunny window sill.

1

17. flashlight : n.(AmE./BrE.) =torch (BrE.) △ 手电筒

eg. Since the torch on the lock while I try to get the key in.

2 the Olympic torch 奥林匹克火炬 1 a flaming torch (燃烧的火炬) ?△ 火炬; 火把eg. ?

2

3 They struggled to keep the torch of love and hope. ?【词组】 put sth. _______the torch : (文学上) 将……付之一炬

2 torch light : ◇

18. match : n. △ (C) 火柴

1

手电筒光; 火炬的光条

3 to put a match____ sth. =to set fire to sth. ?

1 a ______of matches 一盒火柴 eg. ?2 to _________a match 划火柴 ?

1 a football match: 足球比赛 ?

△ (C) 比赛; 竞赛 eg.

2

用火柴点燃某物

1 a tennis match: 网球比赛 ?

3

3 They are playing an important match against another team on Saturday. ?

△ (C) a match _________sb.=sb's match 敌手; 旗鼓相当的人 1 I was no match for him at tennis. 2 I was his match at tennis. eg. ○○△ (C) 相配的人(或物) ; 般配的人(或物)

4

1 Joe and Laura are天设地配一对) eg. ?

2 the man of the match : ◇

2 The curtains and carpet are. (非常相配) ?

1 find/meet one's match in sb. 遇到对手; 棋逢对手 【词组】 ◇

(在某项比赛的) 最佳运动员

19. beat : v. (beat, beaten) △ 敲打; 捶打 eg.

1

1 Somebody was beating against the door. ?

3 Someone was beating a drum. ?

5 An elderly man was found被打死) ?

2 Rain beat against the windows heavily. ?

4 She was beating dust out of the carpet. ?

2

△ (在比赛或竞争中) 赢; 打败(某人) + sb. _________sth. 1 He beat me at chess. 2 They are the ones to beat at tennis. eg.○○△ 比……更好; 赛过; 胜过

3

2 You can't beat Italian shoes. ○

1 Nothing beats home cooking. eg. ○

4

2 It beats me why he did it. 1 The problem beats even experts. ?△ 难倒 eg. ?

2 She's alive—her heart is still beating. 1 We heard the drums beating. ?△ (使) 有规律运动 eg. ?

1 Beat the eggs up well before cooking this dish. △ beat sth. (up) | beat A and B together: 快速搅打 eg. ?

1 beat about the bush 拐弯抹角地讲话 2 Beat the flour and milk together. ?【词组】 ◇

56

beat around the bush 绕圈子 eg. Stop beating about the bush and tell me what you want.

4 beat sb. _________and _________: ◇

2 beat one's brains_________ : 绞尽脑汁; 反复推敲 ◇

3 beat one's breast : 捶足顿胸(尤指刻意表示悲伤或愧疚) ◇

5 beat time (to sth. ) : (随着音乐) 打拍子 ◇

(把某人打得) 青一块紫一块; 伤痕斑斑 eg. She beat time with her fingers.

20. against : prep. △ 倚; 碰; 撞

1△ 对……不利

2

1 Put the piano there, against the wall. eg. ○

2 The rain beat against the windows. ?

1 The evidence(证据) is against him. eg. ○

2 Her age is against her. ?

△ 反对; 与……相反; 逆; 违反

3

△ 以……为背景; 衬托

4

1 We're playing against the other teams next week. eg. ○

2 That's against the law./ They're fighting against terrorism. ?

3 She was forced to marry against her will. ?

1 His red clothes stood out clearly against the snow. eg. ○

2 The love story unfolds against a background of civil war. ?

这爱情故事以内战为背景开展。

51.

4 Are you for or against the rules of the playing? ?

5 I'd advise you against doing that. ?

【词组】as agansit sth.: 与……相对照; 和……相比较

eg. They got 27% of the vote(选举) as against 32% at the last election.

21. asleep : adj. sleeping (not before noun) 睡着

1 sound (adv.) asleep: very deeply asleep 酣睡; 睡得沉 eg. The baby was睡的很香) 【词组】◇

2 _________asleep : 进入梦乡; 睡沉 ◇

3 _________asleep : 睡的很香 ◇

1 He was so exhausted that he at his desk. eg. ?

2 He finally fell asleep when the wind was dying down. ?

5 eg. The police on the street. ◇

eg. I waited until they were all

4 _________asleep : 半睡半醒; 睡眼惺忪 ◇

eg. She was stillwhen she arrived at work.

22. die down : to become gradually less strong, loud, noticeable, ect 逐渐变弱; 逐渐消失/降低/暗淡/平息 1 The flames finally died down. 2 When the applause(掌声) had died down, she began her speech. eg. ??

A die _________: 逐渐减弱; 逐渐模糊; 逐渐消失 eg. The sound of their laughter died away. ○

B die_________ : (植物) 叶凋而不死 C die_____: 相继死去; 先后死去 D die _________: 灭绝; 死光; 消失 ○○○eg. The plants have died back recently. eg. His parents died off last year. eg. This species(物种) has nearly died out because

1 be dying for sth. / to do sth. 【词组】◇

渴望(做)某事; 极想(做)某事

2 I'm dying to know what happened. ?

its habitat(栖息地) is being destroyed(破坏).

2 die a /the death : 彻底失败 ◇

1 I'm dying for a glass of water. eg. ?

3 die ____one's bed : 善终; 寿终正寝 ◇

4 die laughing : 可笑极了; 笑死人 ◇

5 die _____: 就是去死也要; 不管怎样都要 ◇

1

eg. His grandfather died in his bed. eg. She was wearing a dress to die for.

完全消失; 不复存在

6 die /fall/drop like flies: ◇

eg. I nearly died laughing when she said that.

大批死去; 大批倒下

3 Unemployment rose (by) 3%. ?

23. rise : v. (rose; risen) △ 升起; 增加; 提高

1 The sun rises in the east. eg. ?

2

eg. People were dropping like flies in the intense heat(酷暑).

2 The price of gas rose. / Gas rose in price. ?

3

△ 上升; 攀升; 提高; 达到较高水平(

△ 起床; 起立; 站起来

1 Smoke was rising from the chimney. 1 He was used to rising(=getting out of bed) early. eg. ?eg. ?

2 The river has risen (by) several meters. 2 They rose from the table./She rose to her feet. ? ?△ 休会; 闭会; 散会

4

1Her voice rose angrily. eg. ?

5

eg. The House(下议院) rose at 10 p.m. 2 He felt anger rising inside him. ?3 Her spirits rose at the news. ?

1 rise to one's full ______________: 昂首挺胸地站立(以示决心或地位高) 【词组】◇

2 make sb's hackles rise=raise sb's hackles 激怒某人 ◇

hackles: (狗、猫等害怕或发怒时竖起的) 后颈毛 她那篇有争议的文章肯定会激怒某些人的。

eg. Her article is bound(一定会) to make people's hackles rise.

rise : n. △ + in sth. (数量或水平) 增加; 提高

1△(BrE.) (raise AmE.) 加薪

2

eg. There has been a sharp rise in the number of people out of work.

1 get a rise _________of sb. : 惹恼; 故意激怒 【词组】◇

eg. I'm going to ask for a rise. / get a rise

2 give rise _________sth. : 使发生(或存在) ◇

△ 突然倒下; 跌倒; 倒塌; 下垂; 低垂

1

24. fall : v. fell; fallen △ 落下; 下落; 掉落; 跌落

1

1 Some books have fallen onto the floor. eg. ?

2 One of the kids fell into the river. /The rain was falling heavily. ?

3 The handle(把手) had fallen off the drawer. ?

4 September has come and the leaves are beginning to fall. ?

1 She slipped on the ice and fell. eg. ?

2 I fell over and cut my knee. ?

3 The house looked as if it was about to fall down. ?

4 Her straight long hair fell over her shoulders. ?

△ (数量) 减少; 下降; (强度) 减小

3△ 进入(某状态); 开始变成(某事物)

4

1 Their profits(利润) have fallen by 30 per cent. eg. ?

2 The temperature fell sharply in the night. ?

3 Her voice fell to a whisper./ Share prices(股价) fell 30p. ?

4 Prices continued to fall on the stock market(股票市场). ?

1 He has fallen asleep on the sofa. eg. ?

2 The book fell open on the desk. ?

3 The room has fallen silent. ?

4 I fell into conversation with a man on the train. ?

△ 发生=happen/take place

5△ 突然来到; 突然出现

6

eg. My birthday falls on a Monday this year.

1 fall _________ : + doing sth. 【动词搭配】 ◇

eg. A sudden silence fell. / Darkness falls quickly in this area.

2 fall ____________: 破碎; 破裂; 破裂; 崩溃 ◇

捧腹大笑; 笑得前仰后合eg. We all fell about laughing.

1 My car is falling apart. eg. ?

52.

3 fall _________: 减少; 减小; 消失; 消散 ◇

2 Their marriage finally fell apart. ?

4 fall back _______sb./sth. 求助于; 借助于; 转而依靠 ◇

eg. All our doubts fell away./The houses fell away as we left the city.

5 fall_________ (sb./sth.) : 落后; 落在……后面 ◇

eg. I have a little money in the bank to fall back on.

6 fall _________: 掉落; 脱落 eg. His hair is falling out. ◇

8 fall _______________: 成为泡影; 落空; 失败 ◇

eg. She soon fell behind the leaders.

7 fall _________sb./sth. : 被……绊倒 ◇

eg. I rushed for the door and fell over the cat in the hallway.

9 fall_________ with sb./sth. : 同意; 赞同 ◇

eg. Our plans fell through because of lack of money.

10 fall _________: 数量减少; 质量下降 ◇

eg. She fell in with my idea at once.

1 The road was blocked(堵住) by a fallen tree. eg. ?

eg. The number of the students has fallen off.

2 Fallen trees, broken windows and rubbish were everywhere. ?

1________apart : 分开住 ◇

3 ________... apart : 分辨出 ◇

4_________apart : 万念俱灰 ◇

25. fallen : adj. (only before noun) 倒下的; 落下的; 落在地上的 26. apart: adv. 分离; 分开

2 ________oneself apart from... : 与……保持距离 ◇

eg. She keeps herself apart from other people.

5 _________sth. apart : 将……分离/分开 ◇

eg. We're living apart now. eg. I can't tell the twins apart.

eg. When his wife died, his world fell apart.

6 joking( joke: v.) apart/ aside : 言归正传; 说正经的 ◇

eg. Although the storm broke many things apart, it brought families and neighbors closer together.

eg. Now it's time for joking apart. You must study hard.

7 be poles(柱子) apart : 天南地北; 南辕北辙; 截然相反 8 rip(撕破)sb./sth. apart : 摧毁; 毁坏 ◇◇

9 be worlds apart : (在态度、看法等方面) 有天壤之别; 截然不同 eg. Her own friends were poles apart from his. ◇

1 except for 除了……外(都); 要不是 eg. I've finished apart from the last question. apart from=aside from : prep. □2 =besides除了……外(还); 此外; 加之 □

eg. Apart from their house in London, they also have a villa(别墅) in Spain.

1 have a look (at...) : 看一看 2 take a look _________sth. ◇◇

27. look: n. △ 看; 瞧

3 take a look_________: 到处看看 ◇

1

eg. Here, have a look at this. eg. Take a look at these figures!

eg. It's an interesting place. Do you want to take a look around?

2

4 ____a good look at: 仔细看清 eg. Make sure you get a good look at their faces. ◇

5 take a close look at... : 仔细审查 eg. We'll be taking a close look at these proposals(方案). ◇

eg. I've had a good look for it, but I can't find it. △ 查找+ _________sb. /sth.

1 a look of surprise/ alarm: 惊讶的/惊恐的表情 2 He didn't like the look in her eyes. eg. ○○△ 眼神; 表情; 神情; 脸色

3 It's going to rain today by the look of it. 4 I don't like the look of the guy. ○ 样子; 外观; 相貌; 外表 ○

3

1 She has her father's good looks. 2 He lost his looks in later life. eg. ○○△ (looks) 相貌; 容貌

2 icy winds/water. 1 My feet were icy cold. ○28. icy : adj. △ 冰冷的; 冰冻的 eg. ○

1 The roads were icy because of the heavy snow from the night before. eg. ○△ 覆盖着冰的; 结满冰的

2 Icy roads made me hard to go to work. 1 I didn't mean it. I was only kidding. ○29. kid : v. △ 开玩笑; 戏弄eg. ○

4

1

2

1

2 I thought he was kidding when he said he was going out with a rock star. ○

2

3 I'm not kidding you. It does work. ○

1

△ 欺骗; 哄骗+ sb./oneself eg. ○

2 I tried to kid myself (that) everything was normal. 我试图让自己相信一切都正常。 ○

1 no kidding : (spoken) 真的; 可不是; (表示认真)不是开玩笑; 我说的是真的 【词组】◇

1—It's cold. —No kidding. 2 I want the money back tomorrow. No kidding. eg. ○○2 you're kidding/you must be kidding : (spoken) 你是在开玩笑吧 ◇

30. realize/ realise : v. 理解; 领会; 认识到; 意识到

1 I didn't realize that you were so unhappy. eg. ○

1 realize + that...(从句) ◇

2 The moment I saw her, I realized (that) something was wrong. ○

2 realize +wh-...(从句) eg. I don't think you realize how important this is to her. ◇

3 realize + sth. eg. ○1 I hope you realize the seriousness of this crime. ○2 Only later did she realize her mistake. ◇

31. make one's way _________/towards sth. : 去; 前往; 到……地方去; 前进

1 Will you be able to make your own way to the airport? eg. ○2 Is this your plan for making your way in the world? ○

make way______sb./ sth. : 让…通过; 给…让路; 让出位置

1 Make way for the president! eg. ○

这就是你要获得成功的计划吗?

2 Tropical forest(热带森林) is cut down to make way for grassland. ○

53.

eg. Read the following passage and answer the questions below. 32. passage : n. △ (C) 章节; 段落

1 A dark narrow passage led to the main hall. 2 This is a secret underground passage. ○△(C) 通道; 走廊 eg. ○

33. pupil : n. (esp. BrE.) △ (C) 学生; (尤指) 小学生 △ (C) 弟子; 门生; 门徒

1

2

1

2

1 How many pupils does the school have? eg. ○

2 She now teaches only private pupils. ○

3

eg. The painting is by a pupil of Rembrandt(伦勃朗).

△ (C) 瞳孔; 眸子; 瞳入 eg. Her pupils were dilated(扩大).

3 The explosion(爆炸) completely destroyed the building. ○

34. completely : adv. (用于强调紧跟其后的词或短语) in every way possible彻底地; 完全地

1 I've completely forgotten her name. eg. ○

2 This is completely different. ○

35. shocked : adj. 惊愕的; 受震惊的

shock : v. 震惊; 使惊愕

be shocked to do sth.

1 It shocks you when something like that happens. eg. ○

2 We were all shocked at the news of his death. ○

1 For a few minutes we stood in shocked silence. eg. ○

2 I was shocked to hear that he had resigned(辞职). ○

3 My parents were completely shocked. ○

1 come _________a shock : 感到震惊 ◇

eg. The news of his death came as a shock to us all. shock : n. 震惊; 惊愕; 令人震惊的事 2 in a state of shock : 惊魂未定 3 _________a shock : 吓一跳 4 be in for a shock : 大吃一惊 ◇◇◇eg. He's still in a state of shock.

1 shocking news eg. ○

1

eg. I got a terrible shock the other day.

3 a shocking waste of money ○

eg. If you think the job will be easy, you're in for a shock.

4 The house was left in a shocking state. ○

2 an embarrassed silence. ○

5 a two-minute silence ○

shocking : adj. 令人气愤的; 惹人憎恶的; 不道德的

2 shocking behavior ○

37. silence :n. △ (C/U) 沉默; 缄默; 默不作声 eg.

3 They finished their meal ○

2

1 I got used to his long silences. ○

4 a moment's silence ○

1 Their footsteps echoed(回声) in the silence. 2 A scream broke the silence of the night. ○△ (U) 寂静; 无声 eg. ○

1 She broke her public silence in a TV interview. △ (U) + on sth. 缄默; 缄口不言; 拒绝回答 eg. ○

3

2 The company's silence on the subject has been taken as an admission of guilt (承认有罪). ○3 the right of silence :沉默权 ○

silent: adj. 不说话; 保持沉默; 无声的

2 They stood together in silent groups. ○

4 At last the traffic fell silent. ○

1 to remain/stay/keep silent eg. ○【词组】Silence is golden. 沉默是金

3 As the curtain rose, the audience (观众). ○

6 The streets were silent and deserted. (无一人的) ○

5 They nodded in silent agreement. ○

silently: adv. 默默地; 不说话地 1 They marched silently through the streets. ○2 She crept silently out of the room. eg. ○

38. recently : adv. not long ago 不久前; 最近

1 We received a letter from him recently. eg. ○

3 I haven't seen them recently. ○

1

【词组】sit/stand silently by...:

袖手旁观; 坐观

recent: adj. in recent years

2 Until recently they were living in Dandong. ○

4 Have you used it recently? ○

eg. Workmen arrived to take down the houses. /take down a tent/fence 39. take sth. down : △ 拆掉; 拆除; 拆卸

△ 往下拽; 拉低 (下身衣服) eg. Please take down your trousers/pants. △ 写下;记录

eg. Reporters took own every word of his speech. 40. terrorist : n. 恐怖主义者; 恐怖分子

2

3

1 The terrorists are threatening(威胁) to blow up the plane. eg. ○2 a terrorist attack/bomb/group 恐怖分子的攻击/炸弹/团体 ○

terror: n. (U/C) 惊恐; 恐慌; 惊骇; 可怕的人; 恐怖的事; 可怕的情况; 恐怖

1 Her eyes were wild . eg. ○

3 She lives losing her job. ○

2 People fled from the explosion(爆炸) . ○

4 Death ○

5 The terrors of the night were past. ○

eg. an act of terrorism terrorism: n. (U) 恐怖主义

terrorize (BrE.) = terrorise: v. 恐吓; 恫吓; 威胁+ sb. (________doing sth.) eg. Thousands of people were terrorized into leaving their homes.

41. date : n. (C) 日期; 日子

1 —What's the date today? —The 10 th. eg. ○

2 Write ○

4 They haven't ○

3 定个日期) (今天的日期) ○(确定日期)

5 I can't come on that date. ○

6 Please give your name, address, .=birth date ○

1 _______date: until now 迄今为止; 到目前为止; 直到现在 【词组】◇

(出生日期) 7 There's no date on this letter. ○

2 out of date: 过时的; 缺乏信息的; 陈腐的; 失效的; 过期的 ◇

1 To date, we have received over 200 replies. eg. eg. ○

2 The exhibition contains some of his best work to date. ○

1 These figures are very out of date. ○

2 Suddenly she felt old and out of date. ○

54.

3 _______to date : 现在的; 最新的; 时髦的; 新式的 ◇

3 an out-of -date map/driving licence ○4 out-of-date technology ○

3 up-to-date equipment/methods 最新的设备/方法 ○

4 up-to-date information/records 最新的信息/记录 ○

2 the Tower of London ○3 the Eiffel Tower ○

6 _________tower: (机场的) 指挥塔台; 控制塔 ○

1 This technology is up-to-date. eg. ○2 She likes up-to-date clothes. ○

4 We are keeping up to date with the latest development. ○

42. tower : n. 塔; 塔楼 eg.

4 a _________tower: 电视塔 ○

7 _________tower : 冷却塔 ○

1 a clock/bell tower ○

5 a CD tower : 光盘柜 ○

8 _________tower : 象牙塔(有逃避问题、脱离现实的小天地) ○9 watchtower : 瞭望塔 ○

10 _________tower: (自来)水塔

【词组】a tower of strength : (危难时的) 可以靠的人; 主心骨

43. at first: 首先; 最初=at/in the beginning

3 If at first you don't succeed, try, try again. ○

1

1 I didn't like the job much at first. eg. ○

2 At first I thought he was shy, but then I discovered he was just not interested in other people. ○

4 I didn't believe him at first, but then I trusted him. ○

3 the _________truth: 全部真相 ◇

44. truth : n. △ (the truth) 真相; 实情; 事实; 真实情况 1 ________the truth: 讲实话 eg. Do you think she's telling the truth? ◇

2 get at the truth: 查出真相 eg. We are determined to get at the truth. ◇

1 There is no truth in the humors(谣言). eg. △ (U) 实情性; 事实 ○

2

eg. I don't think you are telling me the whole truth about what happened.

2 There is not . ○

_________-truth : (尤指旨在欺骗人的) 半真半假的陈述

1 _________the truth : 扭曲事实; 歪曲事实 【词组】◇

没有一句真话

2 the _________of truth : 考验的时刻; (决策的) 关键时刻 ◇

二、本单元词组:

1. 在下暴风雨时

_______________________ 4. 醒得晚 _____________ 6. 雨下的很大

______________________ 8. 在七点电话 ________________ 11. 接电话

______________________ 13. 大风_______________ 15. 外面无光

______________________ 17. 电视播报的新闻 ______________________ 20. 玩了一圈扑克 ______________________ 23. 睡着_______________ 25. 一片狼藉___________ 27. 破窗_______________ 29. 打扫社区

______________________ 31. 洗车_______________ 33. 做早饭_____________ 35. 马上_______________ 37. 在这些时候

______________________

2. 在街上________________ 3. (闹钟) 发出响声_________ 5. 洗个热水澡

_________________________ 7. 错过汽车______________ 9. 又打电话 _____________ 10. 打了那么多遍电话 _________________________ 12. 接电话________________ 14. 黑云 ________________ 16. 感觉就像半夜

________________________ 18. 做晚饭________________ 19. (雨)重重地敲打在窗户上 _________________________ 21. 首先 _________________ 24. 逐渐变弱_____________ 26. 倒在地上的树_________ 28. 把…分开_____________ 30. 在困难时期

_________________________ 32. 离开家_______________ 34. 广播新闻_____________ 36. 在坏的状态中 ________________________ 38. 在学校里发生

三、根据本单元完成短文:

A.

The Storm Brought People Closer Together The news on TV reported that a heavy rainstorm was in Alabama. At that time strong __________ could be heard and black ___________ were making the sky very dark, like midnight with no __________outside.

Everyone in the neighborhood was busy. Ben's dad was putting pieces of wood _________the windows while his mum was making ___________the flashlights and radio were working. She also put some candles and matches on the table.

Ben was helping his mother __________dinner when the rain began to __________heavily against the windows. After dinner they tried to ___________a card game, but it was hard to have fun __________a serious storm ___________outside.

At around 3:00 a.m., the wind was _________down. Now the sun was rising. Ben went outside with his family and found the neighborhood in a__________. __________trees, broken windows and rubbish were everywhere. They joined the neighbors to help _________up the neighborhood together. Although the storm broke many things __________, it brought families and neighbors closer together.

22. 伴随外边的暴雨玩得高兴_________________________

B.

Do You Remember What You Were Doing? People often remember what they were doing when they heard the news of important events ________history.

In America, for example, many people remember the date— April 4, 1968, on which Dr. Martin Luther King was killed. _________some people may not remember who killed him, they

【注意】times : 时期; 时代; 年代; 世道

55.

remember what they were doing ________they heard the news. Robert , over 50 now, was a school pupil ______that time. He remembers he was eating dinner in the kitchen with his family when they heard the news ________the radio. His parents were completely ___________!

Well, another important event—the World Trade Center in New York taken _________by terrorists on September 11, _________, which has ______________to most Americans.

Kate Smith will never forget the day. She remembers _______ in her office near the two towers. A shout from her friend—A plane just ________the World Trade Center! Kate didn't believe him at ________, but then she looked _______the window and realized it was true. So scared _________she that she could hardly think ______________after that.

四、单元测试:

1. Don’t go out, it is raining A. hardly A. pick it up A. want A. win A. rise A. because

B. heavily B. pick it out B. would like B. beat B. rises B. but

C. heavy C. picked up it C. feel like C. beats C. raise C. so

C. where Jim live

C. more

D. big D. picked it up D. decide D. wins D. raises D. because of D. where is Jim D. less than

3. She doesn’t B. where does Jim live A. over

B. less

A. where Jim lives

five thousand years’ history.

9.— ? —It’s May 4th.

A. What day is it today? C. When is it? A. with

B. for B. in time B. at

B. What time is it? D. What’s the date today? C. in

D. / D. when D. in

10. Last night, he left home silence. 11. What were you doing the rainstorm? A. at that time A. by

C. at the time of C. on

13. All the houses in the flood(洪水). A. were taken off C. were taken out

B. were taken away D. were taken down

A. shopped

B. is shopping

C. was shopping

D. shops

56.

15. Her dog was playing with another dog when Linda out of the station. A. gets

B. getting

C. was getting

D. got

16. __________ I got back, I found my mother cooking for me. A. When

B. Before

C. Since

D. Although

17. There aren’t many tickets left for the concert, you’d better

___________ that you got one today. A. make sure of A. clean up

B. make a decision B. look up

C. make sure C. give up

D. make plans D. set up

18. We will________ the City Park next Sunday morning.

19. —Linda, I called you this morning, but nobody answered the phone.

—I am sorry. I ________ football with my friends then. A. play

B. played

C. am playing

D. was playing

20. —I didn’t see you at the meeting yesterday. Why? —I _________ for an important telephone call at that moment. A. wait

指的是美国东部时间2001年9月11日上午(北京时间9

A. is teaching

B. waited B. teaches B. while B. before

C. am waiting C. taught C. as C. when

D. was waiting D. was teaching D. / D. while

21. When I got there, he ________ them to dance.

22. We were reading the newspaper _____suddenly the light went out (熄灭).

A. when 括美国纽约地标性建筑世界贸易中心(双子塔)在内的6

A. after

23. Newton was playing under an apple tree ______an apple fell onto his head. 座建筑被完全摧毁,其它23座高层建筑遭到破坏, 美国国 24. What _______when the earthquake happened on May 12th. A. are you doing 楼在遭到攻击后相继倒塌。事件共造成3201人(包括343 名消防员)遇难,大楼倒塌后,仅救出3名幸存者。

C. do you do A. fell , was riding C. is falling, rode A. played

B. was playing

B. were you doing D. did you do B. fell, rode

D. had fallen, was riding C. were playing

D. plays

25. My brother ___________ while he _________ his bicycle and hurt himself.

六、本单元语言知识讲解

1. outside, it midnight. 【解析1 】with + n +adv, 在句中做伴随状语 with +n +adj.

eg. She can see stars in the dark sky with the window open eg. I feel like _____________ (catch) a clod today.

26. Mary was dancing while Mike _________ the piano. 27. All the students were sweeping the floor _________ they

heard a man _________ “help”.

B. while , to shout D. while , shouting

A. when, shouting C. when , to shout

【解析2】feel like doing sth = would like/want to do sth想要做某事 2. So, when the rainstorm suddenly came, what were you doing? 【解析】so 的用法: so

: 无实际意义,表示惊讶或领会,引出后面内容 eg. So, you were the first one to enter the room. 作副词: so + adj./ adv “如此……” eg. The book is so interesting. 作副词: so + adj./adv +that 从句

eg. He ran so fast that no one could catch up with him. 作连词so + 从句 "所以"

eg. I was ill yesterday, so I didn't go to school. 作连词so that +从句 “以便,为了……”

A. is having A. when A. cooks

28. While I ___________ my breakfast , the postman came and

brought me the newspaper. B. was having B. while B. cooked

C. has had C. as C. is cooking

D. had D. and D. was cooking

29. He was just falling asleep ___________ there was a loud knock at the door. 30. When my father came back, my mother ___________ in the kitchen. 31. —Were you at home at 7:00 last night? —Yes, I ___________ a shower at that time. A. took

B. was taking

C. was taken

D. am taking

32. —Did you watch the football match yesterday?

—Yes, I did. You know, my brother __________ in the match.

3. also /too/as well/ either

57.

(1) also: 也,用于肯定句句中,用在实义动词之前,系动词、 A. is playing 助动词、情态动词之后。 (2) too: 也, 用于肯定句句末 (3) either: 也, 通常放于否定句末 【练习】用either, also , too, as well 填空 ① Tom can sing this song . I can sing it, ___________. ② Tom can sing this song, I can sing it ____________. ③ Tom can sing this song, I can ____________sing it. ④ Tom couldn’t sing this song, I couldn’t , _____________. 4. work有三个意思很容易弄混:

1 表示“工作”, 是不可数名词。work →worker ◇

B. was playing B. reads

C. plays D. will play

33. My sister _________ her book in the classroom when her teacher came in. A. read

C. is reading D. was reading

34. —I called you yesterday evening, but there was no answer. —Oh , I’m sorry I _________ dinner at my friend’s home. A. have A. is playing

B. had B. plays

C. was having

D. am having D. played

35. When I went to say goodbye to Anna, she ____________ the piano.

C. was playing

36. I ______ my homework while my father _____ TV last night. A. was doing, watched C. did , watch A. has worked A. listened to A. had

C. have been having A. was speaking

B. was working B. listened

B. did, was watching D. was doing, was watching C. had been working D. had worked C. was listening to

D. is listening to

eg. He has too much work to do. 他要做的工作太多。

2 表示“著作”或“作品”,是可数名词,但多用复数。 ◇

36. I first met Lisa three years ago. She _________at a radio shop at the time. 37. My mother was reading while I _________ the music. 38. I _________ my breakfast when the morning post came.

B. had been having D. was having B. spoke D. had spoken C. after C. doesn’t rain C. in the, in

D. if D. isn’t rain D. in, in

39. When I arrived at his office, he ______ on the phone.

eg. He has read many of Hemingway’s works.

3 表示“工厂”,只用复数形式,但可表示单数意义。 ◇

1 The glass works(=factory) is [are] near the station. eg. ○

玻璃工厂在车站附近。

2 My mother is a doctor , and my father is a ______ (work). ○

5. beat与win

辨析: beat + 比赛、竞争对手(如人或球队等) 获胜, 赢得 战争

1 We beat them by the score of 2 to 1. eg. ○

奖杯、奖牌/ 比赛、游戏 C. had been speaking 我们以2:1赢了他们。

2 Which team won the football match? ○

40. I met a friend of mine___________ I was walking in the park. A. before A. will not rain A. in the, in the

B. when B. isn’t raining B. in, in the

41. We’ll go for a walk if it___________ tomorrow.

42. I met Li Lei_______ hospital last Sunday. He was ill_______ hospital then. 43. You go to see a doctor in a hospital. When he asks you, “What’s your trouble?” You should say“_________.” A. I’m feeling terrible C. Give me some medicine, please A. at, police B. in, policeman A. run off

B. go off

B. Don’t trouble me D. Please take care of me C. in, police D. at, policeman C. give out

D. give up

哪个对赢了那场足球赛? 6. against 倚;碰;撞 for :

(1) 表示“反对”,其反义词为 for。若表示“强烈反对”,一般 用副词 strongly。

eg. Are you for or against the plan? 你对这个计划是赞成还是反对呢? (2) 表示位置,意为“靠着”、“顶着”、等

1 The teacher’s desk is against the wall. eg. ○

44. When you are_______ trouble, why not phone the_______? 45. I was late today because my alarm clock didn’t________. 46. —What a big storm last night! —Yes. I was doing my homework. Suddenly, all the lights in my house_________. A. went off

B. turned off

C. took off

D. got off

46. How I wish could sleep longer! However, I had to get up as soon as the alarm clock ___________. A. ran off A. brightly

B. went off B. lightly B. heavy

C. took off C. heavily C. strong

D. put off D. strongly D. strongly

老师的办公桌靠墙放着。

2 He stood leaning against the tree. 他站着斜靠在墙上。 ○

7. sleep / asleep 辨析:

(1) sleep: v =be in bed睡觉, 指睡的动作状态。

(2) get to sleep =fall asleep 入睡,强调进入睡眠的状态。 (3) go to bed 上床睡觉,强调睡觉的动作。

eg. He at ten last night , but he didn’t

47. The sun is shining ______. You'd better wear sunglasses while you are out. 48. Sometimes it rains _________in Guizhou in summer.

1 The baby is asleep. eg. ○

2 My father was so tired that he fell asleep quickly. ○

【拓展】fall asleep, sleep, go to sleep, get to sleep, go to bed A. heavily

58.

49. — I___________ the early bus and I had to wait for the next one on such a cold morning. — Bad luck! A. missed

B. caught

C. followed

D. left

D. give up

C. set up C. I’m sorry C. either

D. use up D. I see

D. neither

50. The workers in the Huashan Mountains have to__________ rubbish to keep the mountains clean. A. turn up

B. pick up

C. mix up

51. It seems that the aged people ___________ the H7N9 more easily from the recent case. A. pick up A. I’m OK

B. mix up B. I don’t know B. also

52. —It’s bad for your eyes to read in the sun. — ___________.

53. He can’t swim .I can’t,__________.

A. too

54. Mr. Wang is strongly__________ keeping animals in the zoo, because he thinks animals should also enjoy freedom.

B. for

C. against

D. down

55. I'm __________ building a new zoo because I think zoos are terrible places for animals to live in. A. against

B. on

C. in

D. for

56. When you want to work for our country in the future, __________, we should have strong body and rich knowledge. A. at first

B. first of all

C. for the first time

D. after all

57. We can do a lot to stay healthy. ___________, we should eat a balanced(平衡的) diet. A. At a time

B. In fact

C. First of all D. All together C. sleeping

D. sleepy D. be sleepy D. Look up

A. up

58. — Jim, Where is your sister? —A. going to bed B. in her bedroom A. sleeping A. Wake up

B. fall asleep C. be asleep B. Make up

C. Grow up

60. _________, Tom! It’s time to get up and go to school.

61. —What’s wrong with you, Eric? You look tired. —I __________ to prepare for the final exam last night. A. picked up A. rose A. anywhere

B. woke up B. raised B. everywhere

C. stayed up C. are getting up C. somewhere

D. put up D. grow D. nowhere

62. The river __________ two inches this morning.

63. There has never been such a beautiful village _________ in the world.

64. We arrived at the station too early and had_________ to go, so we sat there and chatted with each other. A. somewhere

B. anywhere

C. everywhere

D. nowhere D. die of

65. Until the strong wind___________, they didn’t go out. A. died down B. died from C. died for 66. —I suppose we’ll go to plant trees next week.

—Terrific! Planting trees is a lot of fun. I’d like to ______ you.

59.

(1) join=be a member of: 参加,指加入某种组织, 并成为其中的一员。

1 join the army / party: 入伍/ 党 eg. ○

2 join the club: 加入俱乐部 ○

A. visit B. join C. follow D. meet

67. —Mary, would you like to ___________ this game? —I’d love to, but I have to finish _______ the composition first. A. join in; to write C. join; to write A. protected A. turn on A. turn on A. turn up

B. produced B. get on B. turn off B. turn down

B. attend; writing D. take part in; writing C. joined C. try on C. turn down C. turn on

C. Turn on C. reach C. get away C. took place C. at C. was happing C. told C. meeting

D. received D. put on D. turn around D. turn away D. Put on D. arrive D. get off D. took places D. on D. was happen D. hold D. meets

◆ join in:后接活动名称 ◆ join sb. in (doing) sth.

◆ join sb. : 加入到某个人群之中

(2) take part in: 参加, 指加入群体活动中并在活动中发挥重要作用。 12. happen: 发生;碰巧(指偶然性发生)

(1) happen : v “发生”没有被动语态, 主语是物, 强调某事发

1 sth. happen to sb. 某事发生在某人身上。 生的偶然性。◇

68. He __________an English club last year and has improved his English a lot. 69. It’s time for CCTV news. Let’s _______ the TV and watch it. 70. It's getting dark. Please ________ the light. 71. The boy is sleeping. Please _________the radio. 72. _________a light when necessary. You will bring light to other people and yourself. A. Try on A. get A. get along A. happened A. with

B. Get on B. arrive at B. get up B. happened to B. to

eg. What happened to you?=What was wrong with him?

2 sb. happen to do sth. 某人碰巧做某事。 ◇

eg. She happened ________(be) out when we called. (2) take place: 发生,指事情有计划有安排地发生。 eg. The sports meeting took place in our school last week. (3) It happened that…碰巧

eg. It happened that she was out when I came. 13. be surprised to do sth: 做某事很吃惊

1 surprise v 使吃惊→surprising adj. 令人吃惊的 【拓展】○

2 to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是 ○

3 in surprise 吃惊地 ○

4 be surprised at 对……感到吃惊→surprised adj. 吃惊的 ○

1 hear意为“听见”,强调听的结果。 14. hear的用法: □

73. —When will the plane ___________Shanghai? —Sorry, I don’t know.

74. I used to quarrel a lot with my parents, but now we _______ just fine together.

75. An accident _________ at the school gate this morning. 76. What happened __________ the boy?

【结构】hear sb. do sth听见某人做某事; hear sb. doing sth听见某人正在做某事

1 We can often hear some children play on the playground. eg. ○

77. A serious bike accident _______ her, and she was badly hurt. A. happened to B. was happened to A. took the place

B. happened B. meet

79. I happened __________him last night.

我们经常能听见一些孩子在操场上玩耍。

2 I heard my sister singing an English song in her room when I came back. ○

当我回来时, 我听见我的姐姐正在她的房间里唱一支英文歌。

2 hear也有“听说”之意,这时后接that引导的宾语从句。 □

1 hear about意为“听说”,相当于hear of,后面接词或短语。◇ A. to meet

eg. I have heard about/of the story before. 我以前就听说过这个故事。

2 hear from: 意为“收到.......的来信;有.......的消息” ◇

80. Great changes _________ in Tongren in the past five years. A. have happened C. have been happened A. take after A. take care A. over A. over A. to

B. take off B. take place B. on B. with B. /

B. have taken place D. have been taken place C. take place

D. take away

=get/receive a letter from.

eg. I haven’t heard from my mother for months. 我已经好几个月没有收到我妈妈的来信了。 15. trouble : n 困难; 苦恼; 忧虑

(1) in trouble: 处于困境中 get sb. into trouble: 使某人陷入困境 (2) What's the trouble with you? = What’s the matter with you? = What's wrong with you? 你怎么啦? (3) have trouble (in) doing sth: 做某事有麻烦 ◆ have problem /difficulty/fun (in) doing sth 做某事有问题/困难/乐趣

81. The Olympic Games of 2016 will _________ in Brazil. 82. —It’s hot today, isn’t it? —Yes, it is. Why not __________ your jacket?

C. take after D. take off C. under C. behind C. at

D. below D. beside D. on

83. —Can I join Oxfam Trailwalker? —Only if you are _____ eighteen. 84. Mrs. King put a coat________ the sleeping girl to keep her warm. 85. I’ll make my way _______ home now. 86. —Who is the little girl in the picture? —It’s me. The picture ________ 10 years ago.

2005年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)初赛 初二年级组试题

1. She at a very young age.

60.

A. is married A. dressed

B. is marrying B. passed

C. got married D. married to

D. threw

C. found

A. took B. is taken B. have gone B. silently B. in silence

C. has taken D. was taken C. will go C. silences C. silence

D. went D. silent D. sliently

2. He the coat to his wife. 87. I know a little about Thailand, as I ___________ there three years ago. A. have been A. silence

88. We should keep __________ in the library.

3. As the eldest child in the family, Tom has to help his little sisters. A. look at

B. look for

C. teach C. Hope to B. all the same D. just a moment B. something else D. other something C. to C. to not keep B. At the end of D. By the end of

D. with D. not kept D. take care of D. Can we

4. have a rest and enjoy every minute of it? A. How to B. Why don't we A. at the moment C. now and then A. large anything C. nothing big A. about A. not keep

B. on B. not to keep

5. They're talking about the movie star

89. They stood ___________ as a mark of honor to her. A. in silent

90. — Did you watch the TV news? The whole event was full of _________. — Yes, I did . Those _________were all caught by the police at last. A. terror; terrorist C. terror; terrorists A. almost A. quickly

B. hardly B. easily

B. terrorist; terrors D. terrors; terrorists C. usually C. nearly

D. nearly D. hardly

6. The pie was too small, so she decided to look for ____________ to eat. 91. Speak aloud, please! I can _________ hear you.

92. Mike hurt his back seriously and can________ get out of bed without help. 93. — Did you go to the cinema to see 3D Titanic last night? —No, I______ go to the cinema. The tickets are too expensive. A. hardly

B. nearly

C. still

D. only

94. — How often do you exercise?

— __________ ever. Because I am very busy with my work. A. Hardly A. nearly A. At

B. Nearly B. hard B. To

C. Always C. ever C. In C. relaxing

D. Almost D. hardly D. On D. amazed

95. David was so excited at the good news that he could ________ say a word. 96. ________his surprise, she succeeded in climbing up the high mountain. 97. A. excited B. amazing

98. —Henry, you _________ tell the teacher if you want to go out of the classroom. —Sorry, sir. A. are supposed to

B. are surprised to

C. are afraid to

99. The fans were _________to know the death of their favorite singing star Whitney Huston. A. glad

B. angry

C. excited

D. surprised

100. — Is it __________ that he missed the bus?

— No, he didn’t tell the ________. He was late because he got up late. A. true; truth A. to finish

B. real ; truth B. finishing

C. true; reality C. finishes

D. real; reality D. finish

101. I had trouble __________ my homework. 102. —Mr. Wang, I have trouble __________ the text. —Remember __________ it three times at least. A. to understand; reading C. understanding; to read

C. Help yourself to some fish.

B. understanding; reading D. to understand; to read

D. You should go to school.

7. If she felt he was right, she would agree __________ him. 8. You’d better ___________ silent about this. 9. _________ the street, there is a bus stop. A. On the end of C. In the end of A. came

10. John ________a few minutes later. Stay and wait, please.

B. leaving C. is going to call back D. finishes

B. interested; interested D. interesting; interested B. slower and slowest D. much and more slow C. go fishing C. a few

D. boating D. few

11. She has a great _________ in reading _________ stories. A. interest; interested C. interest; interesting A. slow and slow C. slower and slower A. to skate A. more

B. swam B. a little

12. We are too tired and hungry. So our steps (脚步) are getting _______.

13. We are going to have fun _____on the lake this afternoon. 14. Mr. Jackson has only _________ money in his pocket. 15. _________ I tell him to close the window every day, _________ he always forgets to do so. A. As; but

B. Till; /

C. Though; / D. Even; and

C. Where?

D. When?

16. —Do you think he'll come back home this evening? —_________ —Don't you miss him? A. Maybe.

B. So.

17. —_________ —Nothing but a little sick. —Take care of yourself, dear. A. What’s that? C. Is it wrong? A. You are too careless.

B. What’s your name? D. What’s the matter? B. I'm sorry to hear that.

18. —Miss Lin, Tim broke his leg. So he can’t come to school today. —_________

61.

19. —A pair of glasses would be a good present for Dad. —_________ —Then let’s go and buy a pair for him. A. Me, either. A. But I’m too busy to go. Sorry.

B. I like your idea. B. I’m afraid not.

A. so A. about A. opened A. in a rush

C. Happy birthday, Father. C. Sorry about it.

B. well B. almost B. closed B. hurry up

C. very C. next to C. turned off C. walking quickly

C. the same

D. Your glasses are so modern.

D. You can go alone.

D. far D. near D. rested D. running D. an interesting

20. —Can you go to the concert with me? —I’d love to. _________

2005年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决赛 初二年级组试题

4. Sorry, I can’t stop, I’m in A. second; third A. as often as A. feel hungry

A. orange small; in the front of A. can’t; needn’t help A. rainy; big

B. two; three B. as more often as B. keep me going

A. a not good B. a different

6. This is the ________ time in ________ days he has made the same mistake.

C. two; third C. often

C. make me fill

C. old wooden; in front of C. mustn’t; needn’t to help C. sunny; large

A. worked on A. hardly; such

B. preparing for B. not; so

D. second; three D. very often

D. letting me full

D. big black; in front

D. can; doesn’t need any help

D. dry; heavy

C. to work for C. good; these

D. getting preparing to D. almost; that

7. Helen goes to visit his friends in town ________________ she can. 8. I’ll eat a piece of cake to ____________ until dinner time. 9. An ________ cupboard stood __________ the window.

B. empty new; at the front of B. must; doesn’t need to help B. wet; many

10. He __________ catch up with the top students all by himself, and he __________. 11. The south should be _________, but everywhere else will have _________ rain. 12. The boy is busy __________ tomorrow’s lesson. 13. This is _________ the time to discuss ________ problems. 14. ________ a successful party ________ a lot of energy. A. To have; taking A. worst

B. Holding; takes B. better

C. Take; take C. best

D. Gave; is taking D. worse

15. I like this room so much. It’s clean and comfortable, and ________ of all, it’s very cheap.

二、句型转换: 对划线部分提问) ________ ________ those foreigners like hot pot? 3. None of them agree to meet again. (改为反意疑问句) None of them agree to meet again, ________ _______? 5. It is a beautiful shot. (改为感叹句) ________ a beautiful shot it ________!

7. I don’t know where we can grow some vegetables. I don’t know ________ ________ ________ some vegetables. 9. Which apple should we give her, the bigger one or the smaller one? ______we _______her the bigger apple _____the smaller apple?

2. Pass the note back to me. (改用委婉客气的表达方式) ________ you pass the note back to me, ________? 4. It’s going to be (对划线部分提问) __________ the ________ going to be like this afternoon? 6. The children must close their eyes now.

The children ________ ________ their eyes ________ now. 8. Holly’s best friend likes to do the same things as she does. _______Holly ______her friend ______to do the same things. 10. The Smiths drive five hours to and from work every day.

________ ________ the Smiths five hours ________ drive to and from work every day. 三、完成短文:

Hello. This is the South Seas Travel Agency (旅行社). I’m sorry, n________(1) can speak to you right now. We moved to a________(2) part of town last month. We a________(3) have a new phone number. Please ring us a________(4) 847 2297. Our new a________(5) is 98 Warnock Road. It’s easy to f________(6)—it’s near the park, at the end of the road. We will open for business at our n________(7) office on 21st December. We have many exciting trips for holidays. And we have a p________(8) for anyone who spends (花费) $350 or m________(9) on a holiday. That is if your holiday costs more than $350, we will give you a travel bag f________(10). Thank you for calling the South Seas Travel Agency.

62.

Unit 6. An old man tried to move the mountains.

一、单词学习:

1. shoot : (shot; shot) △ 射击; 发射

1

△ 打猎; 狩猎; 猎杀

2

1 Don't shoot—I surrender(投降). eg. ○

2 He shot an arrow(箭) from his bow. ○

1 shoot ______sb./sth.: 朝……射击 1 shoot sb./sth.: 射死/击毙 【搭配】◇◇

1 They shot at the enemy at once. eg. ○

2 He shot at the bird but didn't shoot it. ○

4 A man was shot in the leg. ○

4 shoot ...dead : 打死 ◇

3 He shot himself in the room last night. ○

3 shoot sth. _______: 射下;射落 ◇

5 shoot _______sight : 当即开枪 ◇

eg. They shot the lock off.

eg. Three people were shot dead during the robbery.

6 go __________________: 去打猎 ◇

eg. The guards were ordered to shoot on sight anyone trying to escape.

2 shoot the breeze/bull : (AmE.) 聊天; 闲聊 ◇

3 shoot ________the hip : 轻率应对; 鲁莽行事; 仓促应对 ◇

1 be/get shot ________sth./sb.: 失去; 摆布; 处理 eg. I'll be glad to get shot of this car. 【词组】◇

eg. We sat around in the bar, shooting the breeze.

4 shoot oneself ____________the foot : ◇

5 shoot one's mouth _______about sth. : 吹嘘; 大吹大擂 搬起石头砸自己的脚 ◇

1 shoot sb./sth. _________: 射到; 击毙; 击落 【动词搭配】◇

2 shoot ___________sth. : 力争达到; 努力获取 ◇

eg. Several planes were shot down by enemy fire.

3 shoot ___________: 迅速离开 ◇

eg. We've been shooting for a pay rise for months.

3 shoot ______________: 离去; 躲避 ◇

eg. I had to shoot off at the end of the meeting.

4 shoot __________ : 迅速长高; 陡增; 猛涨; 迅速上升 ◇

eg. I was only five when my Dad shot through.

1 Their kids have shot up since I last saw them. eg. ○

2 Ticket prices shot up last year. ○

2 This is a stone bridge/floor/carving(石雕). ○

3 These are stone walls./ a flight of stone steps ○

2. stone : n. △ (U) 石头; 石料; 岩石

1

1 Most of the houses are built of stone. eg. ○

1 a _________of stones : 一堆石块 △ (C) 石块; 石子 eg. ○

2

2 Some children were throwing stones into the lake. ○

△ (C) (加工成某形状为谋用途的) 石块

3

1 leave no ________unturned : 千方百计; 想尽办法 eg. These words are carved on the stone beside his grave. 【词组】◇

2 a stone's ___________: 很近的距离; 近在咫尺 ◇

在他的墓牌上刻着这样的话。

2 The hotel is within a stone's throw of the beach. ○

1 We live just a stone's throw from here. eg. ○

3 like getting blood 水中捞月; 缘木求缘 ◇

stone: v. 向……扔石块; 用石头砸

A stone _____________: 冰凉的; 凉透的 ○

eg. Getting an apology from him was like getting blood from a stone.

4 carved in stone : 不能改变的; 铁定; 铁板钉钉 ◇

eg. The soup was stone cold.

B stone _____________: adj. 完全死了的 ○

eg. People should remember that our proposals(建议) aren't carved in stone.

5 have a _____________of stone : 铁石心肠; 冷酷无情 C stone _____________: adj. 失聪的 ○◇

6 kill two birds ________one stone : 一石二鸟; 一箭双雕; 一举两得 D stonework: (U) (建筑物的) 石造部分 ○◇

3. weak : adj. △虚弱的; 无力的

△ 懦弱的; 软弱无力的

1

2

1 She after her illness. eg. ○1 He is a weak and cowardly man.(懦弱胆怯) eg. ○

2 In a weak moment, I said she could borrow the car. ○

2 His legs . ○

3 She suffered __________a weak heart. ○

4 a _____________ smile: 淡淡的微笑 ○

, 同意她借用汽车。

4

△不善于; 不擅长; (能力) 弱的; 差的 5 a weak _______/__________/signal : 微弱的光/声音/信号 ○

△ the weak : 穷人; 病人; 弱者

3

△ 稀的; 稀薄的; 稀释的 eg. weak tea/coffee

5

【词组】weak _______the knees : 两腿发软 eg. His sudden smile made her go weak at the knees.

1 Do you believe in God? ○2 Good luck and God bless you. eg. ○

2 God willing : 如上帝许可 3 God's gift to sb./sth. ◇◇

4. god : n. (God) (不与冠词连用) 神; 上帝

1 God bless : 愿上帝保佑; 祝一路平安 【词组】◇

5. remind : v. 提醒; 使想起

1 remind sb. about/______ sth. ◇

上帝(对……)的恩宠

1 You remind me of your father when you say that. eg. ○2 That smell reminds me of France. ○

63.

2 remind sb. /sth. ◇3 remind sb. ________do sth. ◇

eg. I'm sorry, I've forgotten your name. Can you remind me?

4 remind + that... ◇

eg. Remind me to phone Alan before I go out.

5 remind + wh- ◇

eg. Passengers are reminded (that) no smoking is allowed on his train. eg. Can someone remind me what I should do next?

6. bit : n. △ 有点; 一点

1

1 These trousers are a bit tight. ○2 —Are you tired? —Yes, I am a bit. eg. ○

4 I can lend you fifty pounds, if you want. That should be help a bit. ○

6 Can you turn the TV up a bit?

1 a bit of cake: 一小块饼 ○

1 bits of grass/ information/paper ○

3 It costs a bit more than I wanted to spend. ○

5 I'll be a lit later home tomorrow. ○

△ 小量; 小块 + ______+ (U).

2

3 With a bit of luck, we'll be there by 12. eg. ○

1 bit_______bit : 一点一点地; 逐渐地 【词组】◇

2 a bit of a... : 相当; 有点儿 ◇

3 a bit much : 不应当; 不合理 ◇

4 bits and _________: 零七八碎; 零星物品 ◇

5 do one's _____________: 干分内的事 ◇

6 not a bit/ not one (little) bit : not at all ◇

一点也不; 毫不

not a little=very much

4 I've got a bit of shopping to do. ○

eg. Bit by bit memories of the night came back to me. eg. We may have a bit of a problem on our hands. eg. It's a bit much calling me at three in the morning. eg. She stuffed all her bits and pieces into a bag and left. eg. We can finish this job on time if everyone does their bit.

5 to bits : 成为碎片; 变成小块; 非常; 十分 ◇

1 The book fell to bits in my hand. / I love my kids to bits. eg. ○

2 She was thrilled to bits when I said I'd come. ○

1 Are you cold? Not a bit. ○2 It's not a bit of use. eg. ○

1

7. silly : adj. △ 愚蠢的; 不明事理的; 没头没脑的; 儍的

1 That was a silly thing to do! eg. ○

4 You silly boy! ○

6 I feel silly in these clothes. ○

2 Her work is ____of silly mistakes. ○

5 a silly idea/question ○

7 She had a silly smile ______her face. ○

3 —I can walk home. Don't be silly. ○

—It's much________ far.

8 I got it for a silly price. ○

1 ___________/laugh/shout oneself silly : ◇2 play silly games _________sb. : 与某人耍花样; 玩把戏 【词组】◇

喝/笑/叫等傻里傻气的

1 We just had soup instead of a full meal. eg. ○

2 Now I can walk to work instead of going by car. ○

eg. Don't play silly games with me; I know you did it.

8. instead ____: prep. =in the place of sb./sth. 代替; 反而 instead : adv. in the place of sb./sth.

1 Lee was ill so I went instead. 代替; 顶替; 反而; 却eg. ○

2 He didn't reply. Instead, he turned on his heel(鞋跟) and left the room. ○

1 He can turn himself into different animals. ○

3 He turned up the collar(衣领) of his coat and hurried into the rain. ○

9. turn...into : 变成; (使) 松开; 释放 eg.

2 They turned the horse into the field. ○

1 turn ____________sb./turn sb. against sb. 与…反目成仇 eg. She turned against her old friend. 【搭配】◇

2 turn __________/turn sb. around/round : (使) 翻身; 转身 eg. Turn around and let me look at your back. ◇

3 turn sb. ________from sth. : 把某人拒之门外; 不准某人进入 ◇

eg. Hundreds of people were turned away from the stadium.

2 I turned away and looked out of the window. ○

1 He turned back to his work. eg. ○

1 She turned her head away. turn one's head away : eg. ○

4 turn ________/ turn sb./sth. back : (使)原路返回; 往回走 ◇

2 The weather became so bad that they had to turn back. ○3 Our car was turned back at the border(边境). ○

5 turn sb./sth. _________: 拒绝;顶回(提议、◇建议或提议人) turn 的小用法:

1 Why did she turn down your invitation? eg. ○

2 He has been turned down for ten jobs so far. ○

1 turn ... _____________... : 向……方向; 对准;朝 着 ◇

1 He turned the gun on himself. eg. ○

2 Don't turn your anger on the children. ○

2 turn ...inside_____________ : 把……里面翻出来 ◇

turn sth. ________: 把……调低; 关小

1 Please turn the TV down. eg. ○

2 He turned the lights down low. ○

6 turn sb. __________: 把……扭送(到警察局); 使自首 ◇

1 He decided to turn himself in. eg. ○

2 She threatened(威胁) to turn him to the police. ○

7 turn sth. __________: 交还; 退还; 上交; 呈交; 提交 ◇

eg. Turn the sweater inside out before you wash it.

3 turn + adj. /n. 变成; 成为 ◇

1 The leaves were already turning brown. eg. ○

2 The weather has turned cold and windy. ○

3 The heat turned the milk sour. ○

8 turn sth. ___________: 关掉;截断(电流、煤气、水等) 4 He has decided to turn writer.【注意】名词前无冠词 ○◇

64.

9 turn sth. __________: 接通(电流、煤气、水等); 打开 4 turn : (不用于进行时) 到达; 超过(某一年龄或时间) ◇◇

eg. I'll turn the television on./ turn on the light/heating turn _____________sth. : 依靠; 依……而定; 取决于 turn _____________sb. : 突然攻击

1 The dogs suddenly turned on each other. eg. ○

2 Why are you all turning on me? ○

1 She turns 21 in June. ○2 It's turned midnight. eg. ○

11 turn _____________: 翻身; 翻转 ◇

turn sth.__________: 使转身; 使翻转

1 If you turn over, you might find it easier to get to sleep. eg. ○

2 Turn the meat over and brown it. ○

12 turn sth. _____________: 开大; 调高(音量、热量等) ◇

◇ turn sth. _____________: 关掉(灯或热源); 熄灯

10

eg. Remember to turn out the lights when you go to bed. eg. Could you turn the TV up?/The music was turned up loud.

3 _______________/household objects : 日常/家庭用品 ○

10. object : n. △ 物体; 物品; 东西

1

1 Monkey King can turn himself into different animals and objects. eg. ○

2 Glass and plastic objects are on the shelves. ○

△ 目标; 目的; 宗旨

2

1 Her sole(唯一) object in life is to become a travel writer. eg. ○

2 The object is to educate people about road safety. ○3 If you're late, you'll defeat(打败,毁坏) the whole object of the exercise. ○

【词组】Expense/Money ect. is no object. 费用不在话下。/钱不成问题。

eg. He always travels first class—expensive is no object.

5 She hides herself ___________in her office all day. ○

11. hide : v. (hid; hidden) △ 隐藏; 隐蔽

1

1 He hid the letter ________a drawer. ○2 I keep my private papers hidden. ○3 I hid ___________the bed. eg. ○

4 They hid me ____________the police in their room. ○

△ 遮住; 遮挡

2△ 掩盖; 隐瞒(尤指感情)

3

1 He hid his face in his hands. eg. ○

2 The house was hidden by trees. ○

3 No amount of making-up could hide her age. ○

1 She struggled to hide her disappointment. eg. ○

2 I have never tried to hide the truth __________my past. ○

3 She felt sure the letter had some hidden meaning. ○

【词组】hide one's head in the ________ 不正视现实; 回避问题

_________—and—seek: 捉迷藏游戏

12. tail : n. △ (C) 尾巴; 尾

1

1 eg. ○

2 There is no magic way for passing exams—only hard work. ○

1 The dog ran up, wagging (摇摆) its tail. eg. ○

2 The male has beautiful tail feathers. 雄鸡有魅力的尾羽。 ○

△ 神奇的; 有魔力的; 美好的

2

△ (tails)=tail.________燕尾服; 男子晚礼服

2

1 It was a magic moment when the two sisters eg. ○

eg. The men all wore top hat and tails.

1 ______sb's tail : (尤指开车) 盯梢; 尾随 【词组】◇

were reunited after 30 years.

2 She has with the children and they do ○

2 _______tail : (危急时刻)转身逃跑; 逃逸; 临阵脱逃 everything she asks. (有神奇的力量) ◇

A magic : n. (U) 魔法; 法术; 巫术; 魔力; 魅力 eg. When they heard the sirens(警笛), they turned tail and ran. ○

3 with one's tail between one's legs: 1 Do you believe _________magic? eg. ○◇

夹着尾巴; 垂头丧气; 灰溜溜的

4 __________or tails ? (spoken) 正面还是反面 ◇

14. stick : n. △ (C) 棍; 条

1

2 He suddenly appeared as if. ○

3 A passage was cleared through the crowd . ○

B magic : v. (使) 用魔术变出 ○

1 magic ___________: (可载人飞行的) 魔毯 【搭配】◇

eg. Here are pieces of pineapple on sticks.

1 chopsticks: 筷子a pair of chopsticks 【拓展】◇

2__________.stick: 火柴棍;火柴杆 ◇

△ (C) 枝条; 枯条; 火柴棍

2

2 magic lantern : 幻灯; 幻灯机 ◇

3 magic realism : n.(U) 魔幻现实主义 ◇

4 magic ___________: 魔杖 ◇

1 We collected dry sticks to start a fire. eg. ○eg. I wish I could wave a magic wand and make everything all right again.

2 The boys were throwing sticks and stones at the dog. ○

3 Her arms and legs were like sticks. ○

1 a stick to beat sb. ___________: 【词组】◇

15. excite : v. △ 使激动; 使兴奋

1

eg. The wish of a year in America greatly excited her.

△ 刺激; 使紧张不安

2

用以责备或惩罚某人的事实依据(或把柄等)

2 the _________stick : 大棒政策(以武力或权力相威胁) ◇

3 get the ________end of the stick : 抽到倒霉签 ◇

1 Don't excite yourself. eg. ○

2 Try not to excite your baby too much before bedtime. ○

△ 激发; 引发; 引起+ sth. _________sb.

3

65.

4 up (v.) sticks : 突然迁居 ◇eg. She tried her best to excite attention in the students.

1+ __________/at/by sth. A excited : adj. ◇?5______/hold of the wrong end of the stick : 误解; 误会 2 excited _________do sth. 激动的; 兴奋的 ◇◇

1 a teaching stick : 教鞭 ◇2 a walking stick : 拐杖 1 The children were excited about opening their presents. 【搭配】◇eg. ?

1 西方国家的;(尤指) 欧美的 2 I'm really excited at the chance of working abroad. ?16. Western : adj. ◇

1Western art 西方艺术 ?2 Western Europe 西欧 3 Don't get too excited by the sight of your name in print. eg. ??2 western 西方的; 西部的 4 He was very excited to be asked to play for the national team. ◇?

1western Spain/__________________(中国西部) B excitedly : adv. 兴奋地, 激动地 eg. ??2 the western slopes(西坡) of the mountain eg. She waved excitedly as the car came along. ?

3 Western children became interested in the story. C exciting : adj. 令人激动的; 使人兴奋的 ??

eg. They waited and waited for something exciting to happen. 17. once ________a time : 从前; 很久以前

1 Once upon a time there was a beautiful princess. D excitement : n. (U./C) 激动; 兴奋; 刺激 eg. ??

1 cause __________excitement : 引起极大的兴奋 2 Once upon a time there was a very old man. ?◇

eg. The news caused great excitement among her friends. 18. step_________: 继姐; 继妹

2 ______________an excitement: 感到兴奋 A step.___________: 继父 B step.________: 继母 ◇??

3 ____________excitement: 感到兴奋 C step.________: 继兄/弟 D step._______: 继子 ??◇

eg. He upped sticks and went back to France.

E step.___________: 继女 ?

G step.________: 继子/女 ?

1

F step.________: 继母 ?eg. He was flushed(面脸通红) with excitement at the thought.

4__________(one's) excitement : 在兴奋中 ◇

1 The dog jumped and wagged(摇摆) its tail in excitement. eg. ?

2 In her excitement she dropped her glass. ?

20. fall _________love : 爱上; 喜欢上

H stepping_________: 脚踏石 ?

19. prince: n. △ princess: 公主

1 the Prince of Wales : 威尔士亲王 eg. ?

2 Prince Charming:白马王子; (女子的)梦中情人 ?

△ (某一领域的) 杰出人物; 巨子; 大王+ of/among sth.

1 the prince of comedy : 喜剧王子 eg. ?

2 the prince among men: 男人中的佼佼者 ?

21. fit: v.(fitted; fitted; fitting) △ (形状和尺寸) 适合; 合身

21

eg. I fell in love with the house. /They felt in love with each other.

1 be_________ love : 爱上; 喜欢上 ◇

eg. He's in love with his work. /She was in love with her cat.

2 give/send one's love_________ sb. : 向某人问候(或致意) ◇

eg. Give my love to Mary when you see her. /Ben sends his love.

3 head over heels(鞋跟) in love : 深深爱着某人 ◇

1 I tried the dress on but it didn't fit. eg. ?

2 That jacket fits well./I can't find clothes to fit me. ?

3 The key doesn't fit the lock. ?

eg. She's fallen head over heels in love with her boss.

△ (大小、式样、数量适合) 可容纳; 装进

2

1 I'd like to have a desk in the room but it won't fit. eg. ?

2 All the kids will fit in the back of the car. ?

△ 试穿(衣服) + sb. _______sth.

3

eg. I'm going to be fitted for my wedding dress today. △ 安置; 安装(在某处)

4

eg. They fitted a smoke alarm(烟雾报警器) to the ceiling. △ 使合适; 使胜任+ sb./sth. _______ sth.| to do sth.

5

22. couple : n. △ (人)一对; (尤指)夫妻; 情侣

1 Here come some married couples. eg. ?

2 Several couples were on the dance floor(舞场). ?

3 a young/elderly couple ?

4 The couple was/were married in 1976. ?

△ 两个; 两件事情; 几个人; 几件事情+ of sth.

1 I saw a couple of men get out. /a couple of minutes eg. ?

2 We went there a couple of years ago. ?

3 I've seen her a couple times before. ?

1

2

1 His experience fitted him perfectly for the job. eg. ?

2 His experience fitted him to do the job. ?

a couple: pron. & adj.

1 Do you need any more glasses? I've got a couple I can lend you. eg. ?

1 fit (sb.) _______a glove : (大小、形状) 完全合适; 2 It's only a couple blocks (街区) away. 【词组】 ◇?

恰好合身 eg. The dress fits me like a glove.

2 fit the bill : 符合要求; 合格 ◇

eg. On paper, several of the applicants(申请人) fit the bill.

3 if the cap fits, /if the shoe fits, wear it : ◇

有则改之无则加勉

【词组】in a couple of shakes /in two shakes : 立刻; 马上 23. smile : v.笑; 微笑+ _________sb./sth.

1 She smiled at him and he smiled back. eg. ?

2 I had to smile at his optimism(乐观态度). ?

3 He never seems to smile with relief(宽慰). ?

66.

67.

2

I can't get the stupid thing open! ○

3 Get your stupid feet _________the chair! ○

1 He cheats _____cards. / cheat_____exam——考试作弊 eg. ○

eg. Please do not cheat in exams. 请不要在考试中作弊。

2 You're not allowed to look at the answers—that's cheating. ○

2 cheat sb. out of (doing) sth. 阻止某人做某事/得到某物 ◇

stupid : n. 傻子; 笨蛋

eg. Yes, stupid, it's you I'm talking to!

stupidly : adv. 愚蠢地; 笨地; 傻地

1 I stupidly agreed to lend him the money. eg. ○

2 Tom stared stupidly at the screen. ○

eg. They cheated him _____________of going out in the rain.

cheat : n. 骗子; 作弊者; 欺骗手段; 欺诈行为

1 You little, cheat! eg. ○

2 It's really a cheat, but you are willing to believe it. ○

stupidity : n. (U/C) 愚蠢行为; 糊涂

eg. I couldn't believe my own stupidity.

32. wife : n. (wives) 妻子; 太太

eg. She's his second wife. / the doctor's wife

1 fishwife: 骂街的泼妇; 粗野的女人 【拓展】○

2 ___________wife: 主妇; 家庭主妇 ○

3 _________wife: 助产士; 接生员; 产婆 ○

33. husband : n. eg. This is my husband——Steve.

【词组】husband and wife: 夫妇

eg. They lived together as husband and wife.

34. whole : adj. 全部的; 整体的; 完全的; 所有的

1 He spent the whole day writing. eg. ○

2 We drank a whole bottle each. /The whole buidling was burning. ○

3 Let's forget . 【注】all指“一个不剩”(即“全部”) 【词组】an old wives' tale: 不经之谈; 无稽之谈 ○

4 whole 指“一点不缺”(即“整个”) ○35. scene: n. △ (戏剧或歌剧的) 场; 场景

1 a whole___________ : 非常; 很多 eg. Act 1, Scene 2 of Macbeth. 《麦克佩斯》第1幕第2场。 【词组】◇

eg. I'm feeling a whole lot better. △ (尤指不愉快事件发生的) 地点; 现场+ of sth.

1

2

2 a whole ___________ of sth. : 许许多多; 大量 1 the scene of the _____________/_______ /crime ◇eg. ○

事故/袭击/犯罪的现场

2 Firefighters were _______the scene immediately. ○

1 There were a whole lot of people I didn't know. eg. ○

2 I lost a whole lot of money. ○

3 the whole (lot) : 一切; 全部; 所有eg. ○1 I've sold the whole lot. ◇

△ 事件; 场面; 情景+ __________sth.

3

1 She witnessed some terrible scenes. eg. ○

2 a scene of panic/terror/violence(暴力) ○

2 the whole of the money / the tea 全部的钱 / 茶 ○

1 Four quarters make a whole. whole : n. 整个; 整体eg. ○

2 The effects will last for the ____________of his life. ○

△ 景象; 景色; 风光

4

1 They enjoyed the delightful rural___________. 这些将会持续影响他的一生。 eg. ○

(赏心悦目的乡村风光)

2 They went abroad for a _________of scene. ○

1 ________ a whole: 作为一个整体; 总体上 【词组】◇

eg. The festival will be great for our city and for the whole country as a whole.

2 ________the whole: 总的说来; 大体上; 基本上 ◇

△ 活动领域; 界; 坛; 圈子

5

1 After years at the top, she just vanished(销声匿迹) from the scene. eg. ○

2 A newcomer has appeared on the fashion scene. ○

1

eg. On the whole, I'm in favor of the idea.

36. moonlight : n. (U) 月光

【词组】do a moonlight/______________ flit: (通常为了躲债)夜间逃走

1 _________the scenes: △ 在后台; 在幕后 eg. Let's go out for a walk ________moonlight./ ______the moonlight 【词组】◇

eg. The students were able to go behind the scenes to see how programmes are made. △ 秘密地; 背地里;在幕后

2

moonlight : v. moonlighted; moonlighted

(暗中)兼职;从事第二职业

1

eg. A lot of things have been going on behind the scenes.

2 _______the scene for sth.: △ 为…做好准备/铺平道路 ◇

eg. His arrival set the scene for another argument. △ (向…)介绍背景; 事前介绍情况

2

38. bright: adj. brighter; brightest △ 明亮的; 光线充足的

1

1 Her eyes were bright _____________tears./a bright room eg. ○

2 The room has bright sunshine./a bright morning ○

2

eg. The first part of the programme was just setting the scene.

1

37. shine: v. shone; shone △ 发光; 反光; 照耀 △ (of a color) 鲜艳夺目的

1 The sun shone brightly in a cloudless sky. eg. ○

2 Her eyes were shining ___________excitement. ○

3 Excitement was shining in her eyes. ○

1 I like bright colours. / a bright yellow dress eg. ○

2 Jack's face turned bright red. ○

△ 快活而生气勃勃的

3

△ 擦亮; 擦光(shined; shined)

2

1 His eyes were bright and excited. eg. ○

68.

eg. He shined shoes and sold newspapers to make money. eg. She has set a shining example to us in our class.

2 _____________hay __________the sun shines : ◇

2 She gave me a bright smile. ○

1_______a shining example: 树立光辉榜样 3 Why are you so today ○【词组】◇

4 His face○

趁有太阳时晒干草; 抓紧时间; 打铁趁热 eg. Her old professional skills shone through.

△ 聪明的; 悟性强的; 有希望的

1 Do you have any bright ideas? eg. ○

4

2 He is the ______________pupil in class. (最聪明的学生) 【动词搭配】shine ___________ (sth.) : 显现出来; 很明显 ○

3 This young musician has a bright_______. (有一个光明的前程)○

1 bright and ___________: 大清早 【词组】◇

eg. You're up bright and early today.

shine: n. 光泽; 光亮

eg. This shampoo gives your hair body and shine.

1__________a shine to sb./sth. : 一眼就看上;一见钟情 2 (as) bright as a _____________: 机灵的; 聪颖的 【词组】◇◇

2 take the shine _________sth. : 使……黯然失色 3 the bright _______________: 城市生活多姿多彩 ◇◇3 come_____, come shine| (come) rain or shine: eg. Although he grew up in the country, he's always had ◇

a taste for the bright lights. 不论是雨或是晴; 不管发生什么事

eg. He goes jogging every morning, rain or shine.

4 a/the bright __________: (不幸或逆境的) 闪光点 ◇

39. ground : n. △ (U) the ground 地; 地面

1

eg. The win last week was the only bright spot in their last ten games.

5 look on the bright side: 持乐观态度; 看到光明的一面 ◇

bright: adv. 光亮地; 明亮地

1 I found her lying ___________the ground. eg. ○

2 He lost his balance and fell_________ the ground. ○

3 Most of the monkeys' food is found ○

4 2 meters 地上/地下2米 ○

【注意】通常与动词burn; shine 连用.

1 The stars were __________________bright=brightly. eg. ○

2 'Hi!' she called brightly(轻快地). ○

△ (U) 土; 土地; 土壤

2

eg. The ground is quite fit ____________planting crops.

40. lead : v.(led; led) △ 带路; 领路

1

△ (U) 开阔地; 空旷地

3

1 He the grounds. eg. ○

2 She led the horse ______________into the stable(马厩). eg. The kids were playing _____waste ground behind the school. ○

△ (C) (特定用途的) 场地; grounds (某种用途的)地域;水域

4

3 You have to lead them to water. 你必须引导他们到水源地。○

1 a football/sports ground eg. ○

2 __________ / _____________grounds: 渔/猎场 ○

3 the _________/__________ grounds: 校园/医院的院子 ○

1 cut the ground from __________sb's feet 【词组】◇

△ 导致; 造成(后果); 引导(某人) + __________sth.

2

1 Eating too much sugar can lead to health problems. eg. ○

2 This has led you to this conclusion. ○

△ sb./sth.+ in sth. 最擅长于; 处于首位

3

挖某人的墙角; 破坏某人的计划; 拆某人的台

2 gain/make up ground _______sb./sth. : 逼近; 迫近 ◇

eg. We lead the way in space technology.

1 lead sb. _________ the nose : 【词组】◇eg. The police car was gaining ground on the suspect(犯罪嫌疑犯). 牵着某人的鼻子走; 完全操控/控制某人 3 get (sth.) _________the ground : (使) 顺利开始; 开始发生 2 lead sb._________________: 毫无成果 ◇◇

eg. Without more money, the movie is unlikely to get off the ground.

4 give/lose __________ (to sb./sth.) : 退让; 让步; 失利 ◇

eg. This discussion is leading us nowhere.

3 lead sb. a __________: 给某人造成许多麻烦/忧虑 ◇

4 lead from the __________: 带头; 带动; 引导 ◇

5 lead sb. __________/down the garden path : ◇

eg. They are not prepared to give ground on tax cuts.

5 _________to ground : (BrE.) 躲藏起来; 潜伏下来 ◇

6 __________/__________ one's ground : ◇

误导某人

6 one thing leads to ____________: ◇

坚持主张; 坚持意图; 坚持立场

1 Don't let him persuade you—stand your ground. eg. ○

2 It is not easy to hold your ground in front of someone with a gun. ○

7 _________the ground : 当场; 在现场; (尤指) 战火之中 ◇

(暗示事情的发展过程显而易见)一来二去; 自然而然 eg. He offered me a ride home one night, and, well, one thing led to another and now we're married.

1 lead off (from) sth. 起始于(某地) 【动词搭配】◇

eg. On the ground, there are hopes that the fighting will soon stop.

8 have/keep one's feet on the ground : 实事求是; 脚踏实地 ◇

9 hit the ground ____________ : 一炮打响; 一举成功 ◇

eg. The narrow streets lead off from the main square.

2 lead off | lead sth. ___________: 开始(某事) ◇

◇ suit sb. __________to the ground :

10eg. Who would like to lead off the debate(辩论)?

69.

对某人非常方面; 很合某人的心意 eg. This job suits me down to the ground.

3 lead _________to sth. : 是…的先导; 是导致…的原因 ◇

eg. There are two weeks leading up to the exam.

41. voice : n. 嗓音; 说话声; 歌唱声

1 I could hear ________in the next room. (说话的声音) eg. ○

2 Her voice shook ________________emotion(情感). ○

3 'There you are,' said a voice behind me. ○

4 She has a good _____________voice. (歌唱的歌喉) ○

42. brave : adj. (braver; bravest) △ 勇敢的; 无谓的

1

1 I wasn't brave enough to tell her what I thought of her. eg.○

2 These are brave men and women./ Be brave, young boy! ○

△ 需要有勇气的; 表现勇敢的

2

1 She died after a brave fight against cancer eg. ○

1 speak ______a deep/soft/loud voice : 2 He felt homesick, but made a brave attempt to appear cheerful. ○【搭配】◇

△ brave _______________: 新颖的; 崭新的

2 ____________one's voice: 提高声音 A bravely : adv. ○B bravery : n. (U) ◇○3 l___________ one's voice: 降低声音 ◇【词组】△ (a) brave new world: 美好的新世界 4 __________one's voice down: 说话轻一些; 压低声音 ◇△ put _____ 强装自信快乐 5 __________one's voice/ one's voice break : 声音变粗 put a brave face ____sth. : 佯装满不在乎 ◇

eg. When did his voice break? 43. 女娲补天 ________________________________________ 6 ____________one's voice : 嗓子哑了 ◇44. 后羿射日_________________________________________ eg. He was suffering from flu(流感) and had lost his voice. 45. 大闹天宫 Making Havoc in Heaven 7 be ____________a good voice : 好声音; 唱得不错 46. 愚公移山_________________________________________ ◇

eg. She was in good voice at the concert tonight. 二、本单元词组:

1 _______voice to sth.: 表明心迹; 表白心迹 __________________________________ 1. 移(动) 山脉 【词组】◇

2 _________one's voice heard : 发表意见; 表达感情 2. 又高又大 3. 补天___________________________ ◇

3 __________one voice : 异口同声; 众口一词 _________________ 4. 射日___________________________ ◇

深沉地/轻声地/大声地说话

3

1

2

eg The answers speak with one voice on this problem.

4 __________one's voice/tongue : ◇

能说出自己的看法; 能表达自己的意见

5. 把……从移开 ___________________ 7. 做某事的好方法 ___________________ 11. 而不是

___________________ 13. 第一次

___________________ 15. 美猴王

___________________ 19. 做出72种变化 ___________________ 22. 一个魔棒 ___________________ 24. 让中国的儿童兴奋 26. 帮助弱者

_____________________ 28. 没时间做某事 _____________________ 30. 爱上某人/某事 31. 适合某双鞋

6. 愚公的故事

__________________________________ __________________________________ 10. 放弃__________________________ 12. 一部新的电视剧

__________________________________ 14. 对中国孩子来说是新的

__________________________________ 16. 西游记

__________________________________ 20. 把…变成______________________ 21. 把尾巴藏起来

__________________________________ 23. 把……放进耳里

________________________________ 25. 出来________________________ 27. 主要人物

________________________________ 29. 做衣服

________________________________ ________________________________ 32. 结婚了______________________

5 ______the top of one's voice : 高声地; 放声地; 扯着喉咙地 8. 有一点傻 ◇9. 保持努力/战斗________________________

eg. She was screaming(尖叫)at the top of her voice.

6 _______the sound of one's own voice : (贬义) ◇

爱啰嗦; 喜欢说个没完

三、完成短文: A.

How Yu Gong Moved Away Two High Mountains

There were _________high mountains between Jizhou in the ________and Heyang in the north. One was__________ Taihang Mountain and the other Wangwu Mountain. _____ of the mountains were very high. Just to the north of the mountains_____________ an old man called Yu Gong who was nearly _________years old. With the two high mountains __________ in front of his house, his family and he had to walk a long way ___________the mountains__________ they had something to do on the other side of

the mountains. One day, Yu Gong called all his __________ together to talk about how to move the two mountains to other places. His__________ said, "An old man like you cannot even__________ a small hill, not to mention the two high mountains. Even if you can, where can you throw so much __________and stone?" "The Bohai Sea is big

17. 实际上__________ 18. 看起来像______________________

_______________________________

70.

雅各·格林( 1785年—1863年)和威

为某人保留某物

为某人制作特殊衣服 住在森林附近 制定计划做某事 扔白石块

睡了很长时间 仍面包碎片 找到出来的路 引导某人来到

33. 听起来愚蠢

_______________________________ 35. 丝绸和金子___________________ _______________________________ 37. 从前_______________________ 39. 整个家人

________________________________ 41. 在月光下弄到东西

________________________________ 43. 一路上______________________ 44. 照耀的鲜亮

________________________________ 46. 出去赏月

________________________________ 48. 在地上_____________________ 51. 听到从屋里传出某人的声音

________________________________ 52. 迷路________________________

一个由面包, 糕点和糖盖的神奇的房屋 ___________________________________________ 54. 足够的勇敢

________________________________ 55. 改变某人的计划

________________________________ 57. 由于________________________ 59. 坏孩子/人

________________________________

廉·格林(1786年—1859年)两兄弟 56. 在月光下

是德国童话搜集家、德国著名的语 _____________________ 言学家。格林兄弟在语言学研究方 58. 指引某人回家的路 面成果丰硕,他们是日耳曼语言学 _____________________

的奠基人。1816至1818年,他们 60. 绕城市步行

年出版了《德国神话》。《格林童话集》于1857年格林 兄弟生前出了最后一版,共收童话216篇,为世界文学 宝 库增添了瑰宝 。《格林童话集》是一部脍炙人口 的传世佳作,如今已被译成各国文字多次出版,成为世界 Hansel and Gretel 《韩赛尔与葛雷特》

出版了两卷集《德国传说》,1835 __________________________________

四、语言点:

1. An old man tried to move the mountains.

1“试图,设法” eg. I am________ to solve the maths problem. try: v. ○

2○ try: “试”、“尝试”,“试用” eg. Have you________ the medicine?

2 试图干……, 强调付出努力, 但不一定成功。 ○

1 努力做某事 儿童文学的珍宝,深受孩子们的喜爱。其中的《灰姑娘》、 try to do sth.: ○

"尝试某事, 干……试试",含有"看结果如何"之意。

1 He didn't try to do it. ○

他不肯努力去干。

2 She tried washing her hair with a new shampoo. 年出版,其后还有多个改编版本,包括《格林童话》版本。 ○

她试着用一种新的香波洗头发。

3 Please try to finish this work in thirty minutes. Once upon a time next to a great ________there lived a ○

poor woodcutter with his wife and his two children. The boy's 请尽量在30分钟完成这项工作。 name was Hansel and the girl's name was Gretel. He had but he could no longer provide even their daily bread. 在大森林的边上,住着一个贫穷的樵夫,他妻子和两个孩子与他相依为命。他的儿子名叫汉赛尔,女儿名叫格莱特。他们家里原本就缺吃少喝,有一次一场大的饥荒来袭,樵夫一家更是吃

4 Why didn't you try riding a bike to go to school? ○

little to eat, and once, when a great famine came to the land, 为什么不试着骑车去学校呢?

5 —I usually go there by train. ○

—Why not _________ by boat for a change? A. to try going B. trying to go 【拓展】try on: 试穿

C. to try and go D. try going try out: 尝试; 实验

71.

了上顿没下顿,连每天的麵包也无法保证。 try one’s best: 尽全力 have a try: 试一下

One evening as he was lying in bed worrying ________his 2. As soon as the man finished talking, Yu Gong said that problems, he sighed and said to his wife, "What is to become his family could continue to move the mountains after he died. ______ us? How can we feed our children when we have continue doing sth =go on doing sth 继续做某事(前后做同一件事) nothing more for ourselves?"

tomorrow morning we will take the two children out into the thickest part of the woods, make a fire ______them, and give ________themselves and go _______to our work. They will not find their way back home, and we will be rid of them." 这天夜里,愁得辗转难眠的樵夫躺在床上大伤脑筋,他又是歎气,又是呻吟。终於他对妻子说: " 咱们怎么办哪!自己都没有一点吃的, 又拿甚么去养咱们那可怜的孩子啊?"听我说,孩子他爹," 他老婆回答道:" 明天大清早咱们就把孩子们带到远远的密林中去,在那儿给他们生一堆火,再给他们每人一小块麵包,然后咱们就假装去干咱们的活,把他们单独留在那儿。他们不认识路,回不了家,咱们就不用再养他们啦"

bring myself to abandon my own children alone in the to________."

"Oh, you fool," she said, "then all four of us will starve. All you can do is to plan the boards for our coffins." And she gave him no ___________until he agreed.

"不行啊,老婆," 樵夫说: " 我不能这么干埃我怎么忍心把我的孩子丢在丛林里喂野兽呢?" "哎,你这个笨蛋, " 他老婆说,"不这样的话,咱们四个全都得饿死了。你所要做的就是给我们四人准备棺材。" 接着她又叽哩呱啦、没完没了地劝他,最后,他也就只好默许了。

continue to do sth = go on to do sth 继续做某事(停顿一段时间后

2 Many students hope to continue ________ (study) ○

1 Let’s continue__________(read) the text. "Man, do you know what?" answered the woman. "Early 做某事) eg. ○

after _______(finish) school.

A. play B. to play C. playing D. played

3 The two teams continued ________ the game after half an hour. each of them a little piece of bread, then leave them ○

五、单项选择:

1.There used to be a river in front of the city, ________? A. did it B. usedn’t it C. didn’t there D. did there 2. Let’s turn the radio down. Your father ________. A. is sleeping A. is going B. has built A. lend A. live

B. slept B. has been

C. sleeps C. went

D. is sleep D. has gone A. built

D. will being built D. get

D. to living

3. —Where is Bob? —He__________ to the library. 4. Another zoo_______ in the city.

C. is being built B. borrow B. to live

C. keep C. living

"No, woman," said the man. "I will not do that. How could I 5. How long may I__________ your bike? woods? Wild animals would soon come and tear them 6. The animals are made____________in the zoo.

7. I don’t know when he __________, but if he __________, I’ll call you. A. comes, comes C. comes, will come A. her A. up

B. herself B. down B. from B. turn it on B. are built

B. will come, comes D. will come, will come C. hers C. out of C. of

D. by her D. out D. out

8. She built ____________a house out of trash. 9. The building was being pulled_________. 10. The bridge is made__________ big stones.

"But I do feel sorry_______ the poor children," said the A. in

man. The two children had not been able to fall asleep 11. The radio is too loud. Will you please___________? because of their ________, and they heard what the A. turn it down stepmother had said to the father.

Gretel cried bitter _____and said to Hansel, "It is over A. were built worry. I know what to do."

C. turn off it D. turn down it C. is built

D. will be built

12. Some new buildings__________ for the farmers in the village every year.

_______us!" "Be quiet, Gretel," said Hansel, "and don't 13. ________you________ your breakfast? Yes, I_________ it at school.

A. Did; have; had

B. Have; had; have D. Did; have; have had C. will feed

D. am feeding

D. already; yet D. yet

And as ______as the adults had fallen asleep, he got up, C. Have; had; had outside. The moon was shining ______and the white pebbles A. have fed bent ________and filled his jacket pockets with them, as house and said, "Don't worry, Gretel. Sleep well. God will not

A. yet; yet A. just now

B. fed

pulled ______his jacket, opened the lower door, and crept 14. Mom, I must go to school at once. By the way, I________ the cat. in front of the house were glistening like silver coins. Hansel 15. I have watered plants___________ but I haven’t fed the cat____________.

B. yet; already C. already; already B. after a moment

C. in a minute

_________as they would fit. Then he went back into the 16. I'll clean out the refrigerator_____________.

72.

forsake us." Then he went back to bed.

樵夫说, "可是我真的为我可怜的孩子们感到难过。"那时两个孩子正饿得无法入睡,正好听见了继母与父亲的全部对话。听见继母对父亲的建议,格莱特伤心地哭了起来,对汉赛尔说: "这下咱俩可全完了。" "别吱声,格莱特,"汉赛尔安慰她说,"放心吧,我会有办法的。"等两个大人睡熟后,皎洁的月光照得房前空地上的那些白色小石子闪闪发光,就像是一块块银币。汉赛尔蹲下身,尽力在外衣口袋里塞满白石子。然后他回屋对格莱特说: "放心吧,小妹,只管好好睡觉就

是了,上帝会与我们同在的。"说完,他回到了他的小床上睡觉。

17. Every day my mother has____________ to do. A. so many housework C. so much chores A. to save

B. saving B. found B. to kill B. couldn’t he B. of

B. such many chores D. so much housework C. saves C. finds C. killing C. didn’t he C. from

D. saved D. discovers D. killed D. should he D. into

18. Animals are our friends. We must try __________the endangered animals. 19. Do you know who___________ America? 20. I’m against __________the animals. A. kill A. did he A. in

21. Peter should hardly see the words on the blackboard, _________?

他便穿上小外衣,打开后门偷偷溜到了房外。这时月色正明,A. discovered

At__________, even before sunrise, the woman came and 22. What is cheese made___________? woke the two children. "Get up, you lazybones. We are going into the woods to _________wood." Then she gave each one Dn't eat it any sooner, for you'll not get any________."

23. He disagreed ______me. A. lock

B. locked

A. with B. on C. to D. in C. to lock

D. locking

a little piece of bread, saying, "Here is something for midday. 24. Don’t forget _______the door when you leave the classroom. Gretel put the bread under her apron, because Hansel's 25. My sports shoes are too old. My mother will buy a new pockets were _______of stones. Then all together they set ___________ for me this Sunday. forth into the woods. After they had walked a little way, A. pair __________toward the house.

天刚破晓,太阳还未跃出地平线,那个女人就叫醒了两个孩子,"快起来,快起来,你们这两个懒虫!" 她嚷道,"我们要进山拾柴去了。" 说着,她给一个孩子一小块麵包,并告诫他们说: " 这是你们的午饭,可别提前吃掉了,因为你们再也甭想得到任何东西了。" 格莱特接过麵包藏在她的围裙底下,因为汉赛尔的口袋里这时塞满了白石子。

随后,他们全家就朝着森林进发了。汉赛尔总是走一会儿便停下来回头看看自己的家,走一会儿便停下来回头看自己的家。

B. one

C. ones

D. them

Hansel began stopping again and again and looking 26. I _________ Mr. Smith since he moved to Shanghai.

A. didn’t hear from C. won’t hear from

B. don’t hear from D. haven’t heard from

27. —Could you tell me _________? —More than a month. A. when was Yangzhou-Taizhou Airport built B. how often you go to Yangzhou-Taizhou Airport C. how soon will Yangzhou-Taizhou Airport be built D. how long Yangzhou-Taizhou Airport has been in service 28. The two boys __________ sang a song last night, and the two songs both sounded beautiful. A. both

B. every B. raise

C. each C. put

D. all D. make

The father said, "Hansel, why are you stopping and looking 29. More and more people ____________ money to support the education. _______? Pay attention now, and don't forget your legs." A. rise is sitting ______the roof and wants to say good-bye to me." The woman said, "You fool, that isn't your cat. That's the morning sun __________ on the chimney."

"Oh, father," said Hansel, "I am looking at my white cat that 30. The __________ you work, the __________ you will learn about history.

A. more hard; more C. more harder; much

B. will read B. is; but B. Since B. In the way

B. harder; more D. hard; more C. reads C. are; and C. After C. By the way

D. has been reading D. is; or D. Before D. Out of the way

31. Alison _________ this long novel for three days. She’ll finish it this Sunday.

However, Hansel had not been looking at his cat but instead A. read path.

他的父亲见了便说: "汉赛尔,你老是回头瞅甚么?专心走你的路。" "哦, 爸爸,"汉赛尔回答说: "我在看我的白猫呢,他高高地蹲在屋顶上,想跟我说'再见'呢。" "那不是你的小猫, 小笨蛋," 继母讲, "那是早晨的阳光照在烟囱上。" 其实汉赛尔并不是真的在看小猫,他是悄悄地把亮亮的白石子从口袋里掏出来,一粒一粒地丢在走过的路上。

had been ________he shiny pebbles from his pocket onto the 32. This pair of skates _________ very nice ________ expensive.

A. are; but A. When A. On the way

33. —How long have you been skating? — ___ I was 6 years old. 34. —_______, have you seen John lately? —Sorry, I haven’t seen him. 35. As soon as Joan saw David, she ___________ him. A. fall in love with

B. falls in love with

73.

When they arrived in the middle of the woods, the father

C. fell in love with D. falling in love with B. continued to move D. to continue to move C. include C. way, sides C. noise

D. including D. sides, way D. voice D. moving

D. laugh at

said, "You children gather some wood, and I will make a fire 36. Yu Gong said that his family could _________ the mountains after he died. so you won't freeze." Hansel and Gretel gathered together A. continued moving some twigs, a pile as high as a small mountain. 到了森林的我给你们生一堆火。" 汉赛尔和格莱特拾来许多枯枝,把它们堆得像小山一样高。

C. continue moving A. instead B. instead of A. ways, sides B . sides, ways A. sound

B. shout

深处,他们的父亲对他们说: " 嗨,孩子们,去拾些柴火来,37. What could she do __________ working hard?

38. There are many ________ to a story and many ________ to understand it. 39. My sister has a sweet _______ and she wants to be a singer. 40. We wanted to stop to have a rest. But the coach ordered us to keep ____. A. moved B. to move C. move

41. I think your idea is very great. I totally _________ you. A. argue with B. agree with C. disagree with A. new something C. something new A. clever B. smart

B. new anything D. anything new

C. stupid D. intelligent

D. little

42. There is _______ in the newspaper. Do you want to know it?

六、完成句子: 1. 你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?

So what do you __________________ the story of Yu Gong? 2. 把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。

It doesn’t seem very ______________ to move a mountain. 3. 这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化, 可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。

This is because he can ______________to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects. 4. 有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。 Sometimes he can make the stick_________ small ____________ he can keep it in his ear.

5. 这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。 Because they were so big that it ___________a long time ___________ to the other side.

6. 当他们忙着搬运石头时,一场交通事故发生了。 When they were ____________ moving the stone, a ________ accident happened.

7. 对愚公一家来说搬动大山似乎不可能。

It doesn’t ______ ________for Yu Gong’s family to move a mountain. 8. 汤姆乘早班车去上学而不是步行去。

Tom caught the early bus to school__________ _________walking. 9. 孙悟空如此的聪明以至于他能把自己变成不同的动物。 10. 为了使他父母高兴,下周他们要结婚。 11. 他变得对观看足球赛感兴趣。

He__________ ___________ ________ ________ a football match. 12. 她坚持努力学习,从不放弃。

She ________ ________ _________ , and never _______ _______. 13. 三年前这本书出版了。

This book _________ __________ three years __________. 14. 美猴王能使他的金箍棒变小吗?

___________ the Monkey King ___________ his stick _________? 15. 雾正在渐渐消退。 43. The lady is so __________ and she believes the man who always tells lies. 44. She was _____tired. She said that she needed to have a rest. A. a little bit. B. a bit of C. a few A. so, that B. as, as A. shoot A. and A. to A. to A. will go

B. shot B. of B. of B. with B. go

45. She is ________ young _________ she can’t go to school.

C. as, such D. such, that C. shoots D. shooting C. unless D. if C. with C. and C. went

D. on D. in D. goes

46. Tom __________ a bird with his parents yesterday. 47. You won’t catch up with your classmates __________ you work hard. 48. The photo reminded me _______ the life of the countryside.

49. Lucy got married _________ Tom last year.

Sun Wukong is so clever _________he can turn himself __________different animals.

To________ their parents_________, they will _______ ______next week. 50. I’ll hide the medicine as soon as I _________ home.

51. In the past, few students ________ go to high school or college in a poor mountain village.

A. is able to B. are able to C. was able to D. were able to 52. They _________ waste paper _________ money ago. A. turned, on B. changed, with A. leads

B. lead

C. turned ,into D. changed, under C. leading D. leaded

D. on D. will arrive

53. They made her _________ them to the wonderful house. 54. She was born ___________ a hot morning.

A. in

B. at C. with

C. am arriving

55. I will send you an E-mail as soon as I _______ in Canada.

B. arrived

2006年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)初赛初二年级组试题 ( ) 1. A. At last

B. Then

C. Next

D. At least

(

A. arrive

56. My sister has practiced tennis for a long time. She plays tennis ______you.

74.

A. really busy B. working hard A. look at me C. lend me your basket A. enjoy themselves C. help themselves A. many

B. much

C. not at work B. help me D. have a rest

D. on business A. as good as A. after A. it is

B. so well as B. to work B. When B. either B. or B. that

C. as well as D. as well so C. working C. Before C. instead of

D. worked D. Unless D. instead

( ) 3.

57. As soon as you finish ________, you will call me.

she won’t pass the exam. .

60. I didn’t go to bed__________11 o’clock.

C. because D. until C. it

D. that is

( ) 4. B. go on a picnic D. have no trouble C. a little

D. a lot

( ) 5. ( ) 6. She began to study English _________ the age of ten and now she can write a letter _________ English. A. on; at

B. in; on

C. at; for

D. at; in

( ) 7. —Did you do well in your _________ history exam? —Not too bad. I got _________ “B”. A. /; an A. bought A. Wednesday

B. the; a B. eating B. a fine day

C. /; a

D. a; the

61. We found ____________ very interesting to learn about Chinese culture. 62. I want to know _________the day after tomorrow. A. what she will do C. what she did

B. out down

B. what will she do D. what did she do C. gone through D. got

63. We haven’t _____________ all the difficulties yet. 64. Not all the students are in the classroom and _______ are playing football on the playground. A. little A. easy enough

B. few

C. a little B. enough easy D. enough difficult

D. a few

65. The work is___________. You can finish it by yourself. C. difficult enough

( ) 8. I like fruit salad very much. Can you tell me how ________ it? A. done without

C. will I have D. to make C. 4th April

D. a cloudy day

( ) 9. —What was the date yesterday? —It was ____________. ( ) 10. The famous writer would like to ___________ time in the beautiful countryside. A. spend

B. cost

C. take

D. pay

( ) 11. —Did she play basketball yesterday afternoon? —No, she _________. A. goes shopping C. will stay at home A. A small number of; is C. A number of; are A. Would you like C. What about

B. visited her aunt D. is doing some cleaning

B. The number of; are D. The number of; is B. How about D. Why not

66. ___________ we were eating dinner in the restaurant ,the owner’s dog took my bag away quietly. A. While A. as A. too

B. As soon as B. while B. also

C. Because C. when

D. Until D. since

67. The young American stood quietly __________British guards searched his clothes.

68. If you don’t go, I shall not __________.

C. neither D. either C. on

D. for

69. How much did you pay_________ that bike? A. over B. off A. stay A. bring A. is washing A. when

70. It’s cold, so we decided___________ at home.

B. to stay C. staying D. stayed B. to bring B. washing B. while

C. brought D. bringing C. washed C. before

D. was washing D. so

71. Don’t forget__________ your homework tomorrow. 72. She __________her clothes at eight last night.

73. Some boys were talking _________others were playing football on the playground.

74. He asked his father__________?

B. where did it happen D. how did it happen

( ) 12. ________ people ________ walking along the beach.

( ) 13. —It's very late. ______take a taxi? —Good idea.

( ) 14. My Japanese is not very good, so I can _________understand a Japanese when he speaks too fast. A. nearly

B. almost

C. hardly

D. ever

( ) 15. —When you finish _________ your novel, remember _________ me a call, OK? —All right. A. to write; gave C. read; to send

B. writing; to give D. reading; giving

( ) 16. —What does your cousin look like? —________________. —Can he play volleyball? —Of course. A. He is a student C. He is tall and thin —_________.

B. He likes bananas very much D. He went fishing this morning —OK, I'll do that.

A. where it happens C. how it happened

2006年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)初二年级组样题

( ) 17. —Dad, I'm not sleeping well these days. ( A. return the book

B. buy the book

75.

A. That sounds like a good idea B. Really? You'd better go to the doctor ( ) 12. Don’t copy ______homework. Do it by yourself. ( ) 14. Keep your window _________ when you sleep. A. where does Mary live A. It’s my pleasure A. That’s right A. She is fine. Thank you A. That sounds great

B. where do Mary lives B. Well, I’m sure to get well soon B. That’s all right B. She is a doctor B. You’re good

C. get the book A. over

B. under

D. find the book

C. below

D. on

D. How often D. two others

( ) 3. —When will we go to visit our grandmother? —A. How long A. another two A. goes to A. much too

B. How far B. two another B. comes from B. too many

C. How about C. many two

( ( C. flies to D. rides to C. too much

D. a lot

( ) 7. There is _________ else in the box. It’s empty. A. something B. anything A. good; well A. /; the A. from; as A. each others’ A. close

B. good; good B. the; / B. as; with B. each other’ B. closed

C. nothing D. everything C. well; well C. the; the C. with; as C. each other’s C. Because; so C. opened

D. well; good D. /; / D. as; from D. each other D. Because; / D. opens

B. came C. goes D. winner

( ) 11. Sandy works very hard. They are sure that she will _________ in the end. A. win ( ) 13. _________ it was so cold, _________ he went out without a coat.

A. Although; but B. Although; / ( ) 15. Mary is Tina's new friend, so Tina wants to know _________.

C. where Mary lives C. I’m sorry to hear that C. I really can’t agree with you

C. She likes watching TV C. Don’t thank me

( ) 16. —Oh, I’m not feeling well. I’ve got a cold. —___________.

D. where Mary lives in D. Fine. I’m glad to D. It doesn’t matter

D. She is helpful and kind D. You’re welcome

( ) 17. —I like eating at a KFC restaurant. Food there is delicious and healthy! —_________. Eating too much junk food is bad for your health. ( ) 18. —What’s your best friend like? —_________.

( ) 19. —Thank you very much for helping us. —____________.

76.

Unit 7. What's the highest mountain in the world?

一、单词详解:

1. square : n. △ 平方; 二次幂

1

eg. ○1 The square of 7 is 49. ○2 The Sahara is about 9,600,000 square kilometers _________size.

△ 正方形; 四方形; 正方形物

2

eg. ○1 First break the chocolate into squares.

○2 The floor was tiled(铺上) ins squares of grey and white marble(大理石方砖). △ 广场

3

eg. ○1 The hotel is just off the main square.

○2 the ____________/_______________/________________ sqaure : 集市/镇/村广场 【词组】back to square one: (因无进展) 回到起点; 从头再来 eg. If this suggestion isn't accepted, we'll be back to square to one.

A square : adj. △ 正方形的; 四方形的 eg. This is a square room/table. ○

△+ with sb. 打平的; 平局的 eg. The teams were all square at half-time.

△ + with sth. 相一致的 △ (尤指在生意上) 公平的; 公正的; 诚实的

1

23

4

eg. ○1 This is a square deal ○2 Are you being square ____________me?

3 That isn't quite square ______what you said yesterday. ○

1 a square _________: 一顿丰盛的饭 【词组】◇

○B square : adv.

(仅用于动词之后) 正对着地; 径直地

eg. He looks as though he hasn't had a square meal for weeks. eg. I looked her square in the face. 【词组】fair and square =fairly and squarely :

2. meter : n. (AmE.) =metre (BrE.) △ 米; 公尺

1

eg. ○1 She came second_________ the 200 metres. 诚实; 光明正大; 直截了当; 不偏不斜

1 We won the election fair and square. ○2 He took part ______the 4 X 100 metres relay. eg. ?2 I told him fair and square to pack his bags. △ meter : (用于测量电、煤气、水等) 计量器; 计量表 ?

2

eg. ○1 A man came to ________the gas meter. ○2 The taxi driver left the meter running while he waited for us.

1

3 I hit the target fair and square. ?

4. desert : n. (C./U.) 沙漠;荒漠; 荒原

2 Somalia is mostly desert. ○

1 the Sahara Desert 3. deep : adj. △ 深的; 厚的; 有……深的 eg. ○

3 burning desert sands eg. ○1 a deep hole/well/river ○2 deep water/snow ○3 The water is only a few inches___________. ○

4 How __________is the wound(伤口)? ○

4 a c________desert : 沙漠文化 ○

△ 深处的; 深入的+ _________sth.

2

5. population : n. (C + 单数/复数动词) 人口; 人口数量

eg. ○1 The population is increasing(增加) at about 6% per year.

2 The entire(全部的) population of the town was at the meeting. ○

3 China about 13,900,000,000. ○

4 Chinese make up 91.51% of the population of China. ○

5 One third of the world's population consumes/consume(消耗) ○

eg. ○1 He stood with his hands deep in his pockets. ○2 There is a small house deep in the forest.

△ 深(呼吸)的; 深沉的; 低沉的

3

eg. ○1 She ______. 深深地吸一口气 ○2 . (深深叹口气)

3 I heard his deep warm voice filling the room. ○

two thirds of the world's resources(资源).

6. Asia : n. 亚洲 Asian : 亚洲人

7. free : adj. △ 能随自己意愿的; 随心所欲的

1

△ 酣睡的; 沉睡的 light : 轻度的

4

1 be free ______do sth. ◇

2 have a free choice ◇

eg. You are free to come and go as you please. eg. Students have a free choice of courses in their final year.

eg. She is in a __________sleep. 她已进入酣睡中。

△ 专心; 全神贯注; 沉陷

5

eg. ○1 She was _______in thought/conversation.

2 He is often so deep in his books that he forgets to eat. ○

3 The firm(公司) ended up deep in debt((债务). ○

1 go ___________the deep end : 【词组】◇

3 ___________free to do sth. : (可以) 随便(做某事) ◇

eg. ○1 —Can I use the phone? —Please feel free.

2 Feel free to ask me anything on today's Great Wall tour. ○

(突然) 火冒三丈;大发脾气;非常激动

2 _____deep water(s) :=in trouble or difficulty ◇

△ 不收费的 △ 受……伤害

23

eg. You can't expect people to work _____free. eg. They are free ________difficulty/fear/doubt.

1 free and _________: 随便; 无拘束; 轻松; 自由自在 【词组】◇

77.

◇3 jump/be thrown in ______the deep end: eg. Life was never going to be so free and easy again. (使) 陷入未曾料到的艰难处境 ; 一筹莫展 eg. ○1 He gazed (凝视) deep into her eyes. ○2 They sat and talked deep into the night. ○3 The miners(矿工) were trapped(被困) deep under ground. eg. Deep down I still loved him. □2 本质上; 实际上; 事实上

eg. He seems confident but deep down he's not quite sure. 强烈; 深厚; 深入内心

eg. You'll need to dig deep into the records to find the figures you want.

2 get/have a free ___________: 可以全权处理; 有自主权 ◇

deep : adv. + into/under/below 深深地; 在深处 eg. I was given a free hand in doing anything as I please.

3 be home and dry = be home ________: 做成某事(尤指难事) ◇

eg. I could see the finish line and thought I was home and dry.

8. tour : n. △+ of/round/around sth. 旅行; 旅游 △ 游览

1

2

1 I like a walking/sightseeing tour. ○2 a tour guide: 导游 1 在内心深处; 在心底 eg. ○【词组】◇1 deep_________: □

3 a coach tour ______/around Dandong ○4 give sb. a guided tour ○

tour: v. 在……旅游; 在……作巡回演出(或比赛、广告宣传等)

1 We spent four weeks touring _________Europe. eg. ○

2 He toured America _________his one-man show. ○

3 She toured the country promoting(促销) her new book. ○◇3 ________deep (into sth.) : 探究; 搜索; 细查

Atourism : n. (U) 旅游业; 观光业 ?

Btourist : n. (C) 旅游者; 观光者; 游客 ?

1 foreign___________外国游客 ○2 the local tourist office eg. ○

9. wall : n. (C) △ 墙; 壁; 墙壁

1

eg. ○1 I'm going to paint the walls white and the ceiling(天花板) pink. ○3 She leaned(倚着) ____________the wall. △ 城墙; 围墙 eg. ○1 The fields were divided by stone walls.

2

10. amazing : adj. 令人大为惊奇的; 令人惊喜的

3 It's amazing how quickly people adapt (适应环境). ○

4 an amazing success/ performance/achievement ○

1 大为惊奇+ at/by sb./sth. A amazed: adj. ◇○

2 to see/find/learn... ◇

3 + how/that... ◇

2 The meal was amazing cheap. ○2 Hang the picture _____the wall opposite the window. eg. ○1 That's amazing, isn't it? ○

○2 He sat on the wall and watched the others playing. 【词组】◇1 ________the wall : 奇妙的; 有点儿出格的 eg. Some of his ideas are really off the wall.

◇2 ________the wall : crazy or angry发狂; 愤怒 eg. ○1 That noise is driving me up the wall. ○2 I mustn't be late or Dad will go up the wall. ◇3 walls have________ : 隔墙有耳

eg. ○1 I was amazed ________her knowledge of French.

2 We were amazed ________his bravery. ○

3 We were amazed ________find that no one was hurt. ○

4 She was amazed ________little he had changed. ○

5 I was banging(敲门) so loudly I'm amazed (that) they didn't hear me. ○

B amazement : n. (U) 惊奇; 惊愕; 惊诧 ◇4 have one's back _______the wall : 背水一战; 没有退路 ○

11. ancient : adj. 古代的;古老的

eg. ○1 ancient history/civilization (文明)/Greece ○2 Why did the ancient emperors build the wall?

1 + sb./sth. 12. protect : v. 保护; 防护 ◇

1_______one's amazement ◇2 ________amazement ◇

eg. ○1 To my amazement, he was able to recite(背诵) the whole poem from memory.

2 She looked at him in amazement. ○

eg. The main reason was to protect their part of the country. ○C amaze : v. 使惊奇; 使惊愕; 使惊诧

1 ___________/from+ sth. ◇

eg. ○1 Just the size of the place amazed her!

2 What amazed me is how long she managed to hide it from us. ○

eg. ○1 They stayed together to protect themselves from the wind. ○2 They have been sent to protect the workers against the accident. protection : n. (U) 保护; 防卫

=as far as I can remember/see/tell ect.

eg. ○1 As far as we knew, there was no cause for concern. 就我们所知, 没有什么要担心的。

○2 As far as I can see, you've done nothing wrong. ○3 She lived somewhere in Dandong, as far as I can remember.

13. wide : adj. (wider; widest) 宽的; 宽阔的

eg. ○1 Sam has a ________mouth. ○2 a wide river/road

4 It's about 2 meters wide. ○

5 The road was just wide enough for two buses to pass. ○

1 ________sb./sth. a wide berth : 退避三舍; 【词组】◇

3 Her face broke into a wide grin(满脸堆笑). 14. as far as I know :就我所知; 依我看; 尽我所记得的 ○

对……避而远之 【注意】berth : (船或火车等的) 卧铺 eg. He gave the dog a wide berth. 他远远地避开那条狗。

2 wide of the ___________: 不准确; 离谱 ◇

15. achievement : n. △1 (C.) 成就; 成绩; 功绩

eg. ○1 They were proud of their children achievements. ○2 These are the greatest scientific achievements.

eg. Their predictions turned out to be wide of the mark.

wide : adv. 尽可能远地; 充分地

78.

△2 (U) 达到; 完成

eg. Even a small success gives you a sense of_____________. achieve : v. △ (凭长期努力) 达到(某目标、地位、标准)

1

eg. ○1 The door was wide open. 门四敞大开。

2 He stood with his legs . (张得开开) ○

3 In a few seconds she was . (完全醒来) ○

4 Open your mouth wide. ○

eg. ○1 He had finally achieved success.

○2 The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to

【词组】____________and wide : 到处; 各处; 广泛地 eg. They searched far and wide for the missing child.

△ 完成 eg. ○1 I haven't achieved very much today.

216. southwestern : adj. 西南的; 西南方向的 (SW)

eg. The Himalayas run along the southwestern part of China. 1 厚的; 粗的 17. thick : adj. △

eg. ○1

2 a think carpet/slice of bread ○

3 a thick book/coat ○

○2 All you've achieved is to upset your parents.

△ 成功 eg. Their background(家庭背景) gives them

3

little chance of achieving at school.

18. include : v. △ (没有进行时) 包括; 包含+ sth.

1

(厚厚的一层灰)

4 thick fingers ○

eg. ○1 The tour included a visit to the Science Museum. ○2 Does the price include tax? include doing sth. eg. Your duties include typing letters and answering telephone. △ + sb./sth. ( as/in/on sth.) 使成为……的一部分

2

2 浓(密) 的; 稠密的;茂密的 eg. ○1 a thick forest/smoke △

2 He likes thick soup. ○

3 She has thick dark hair. ○

3 (BrE.) 迟钝的; 愚笨的 eg. Are you thick, or what? △

1 _______sb./get a thick ear : 打耳光; 挨耳光 【词组】◇

2 a thick____________: 晕头涨脑; 稀里糊涂 ◇

3 sb's____________ head : 笨脑瓜; 木头脑瓜 ◇

4 a thick ___________ : 厚脸皮; 不计较面子 ◇

5 thick /thin ________the ground : 为数众多/不多 ◇

eg. You should include some examples in your essay(文章).

?A included : adj. 包括……在内的

eg. ○1 We all went, me included. (放在所包含的部分之后) ○2 There are five people killed in the accident an old man included.

?B including : prep. 包括……在内

○2 Six people were killed in the riot (暴乱) including a policeman.

eg. ○1 I've got three days' holiday including New Year's Day. eg. Customers are thin on the ground at this time of year.

1 ________the thick of sth. : thick : n. (U) 【词组】◇

在……最繁忙的时候; 处于……最活跃部分;在密集处 eg. As a player, he's always in the thick of the action.

2 through thick and thin : 不顾艰难险阻; 赴汤蹈火 ◇

19. freezing : adj. 极冷的; 冰冻的

eg. ○1 I'm freezing! ○2 It's freezing in here! ○3 freezing _______________/fog 寒冷的温度/雾 ?A freezing _____________: 冰点; 冻结点 ?B freezing : adv. eg. It's freezing cold outside. ?C freeze : ( froze; frozen) v. △ (使) 冻结; 结冰

1

eg. He's supported the team for over ten years through thick and thin.

20. condition : n. △ 条件; 环境; 境况

1

eg. ○1 _________/__________ /__________conditions

生活/住房/工作条件

3 The plants grow best in cool conditions. ○

4 Conditions are ideal for sailing today. ○

1___________condition that=only if 尽在……条件下 ◇

eg. ○1 Water freezes at 0 ℃. ○2 changing economic conditions 不断变化的经济状况

○2 It's so cold that even the river has frozen. ○3 The cold weather had frozen the ground. ○4 The clothes froze solid (冻成了硬块) on the washing-line. △ 冷冻贮藏藏; 冷藏 △ (使) 冻死; 极冷

2

3

eg. They agreed to lend us the car on condition that we returned it before the weekend.

2on one ____________________: 有一个条件 ◇

eg. ○1 These meals are ideal(理想的) for home freezing. ○2 Can you freeze these cakes? ○3 Some fruits freeze better than others.

○4 Two men to death on the mountain. (冻死了) ○5 Every time she opens the window we all freeze.

eg. They will give us the money on one condition—that we pay it back within six months.

△ (U) 状况; 健康状况

2

【词组】freeze one's___________ /make one's blood freeze : eg. ○1 He is overweight and out of condition. 健康状况不佳 ○2 You are in no condition to go anywhere. 身体状况太差 使人恐怖万分; 令人毛骨悚然

on no condition = ____________no condition 21. take sth. _____________ : △吸入; 吞入(体内) 【词组】

1

eg. ○1 Fish taken in oxygen through their gills(鳃).

2 It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top. ○

无论如何都不; 决不

eg. You must on no condition tell them what happened.

△ 改小; 该痩(衣服)

222. succeed : v. △ 实现目标; 成功+ _____ (doing) sth.

1

eg. This dress needs to be taken in at the waist(裙腰).

eg. ○1 Our plan succeeded.

79.

2 He succeeded in getting a place at art school. △ 包括; 包含 △ 理解; 领会; 记住 ○

3

4

eg. ○1 The tour takes in six European capitals.

○2 Halfway through the chapter(文章) I realized I hadn't taken anything in.

2 欺骗; 蒙骗 take sb. _______: △1 留宿; 收留 △

3 I tried to discuss it with her but only succeeded in making her angry. ○

△ 成功; 有成就; 有作为 succeed ________ sth.

2

succeed __________sth.

eg. ○1 You will have to work hard if you are to succeed.

2 He succeeded in his career recently. ○

3 He had hoped to succeed as a violinist. ○

eg. ○1 He was homeless, so we took him in. ○2 She took me in completely with her story. ○3 Don't be taken in by his charm(迷人的风度) —he's ruthless(冷酷无情).

23. challenge : v. △ 向(某人) 挑战; 强烈建议

1

【词组】Nothing succeeds like success. 一事成; 百事顺。 A success : n. ○

△ (U) + in (doing) sth. 成功;胜利; 发财; 成名

1

1 challenge sb. ________sth. /challenge oneself ◇eg. ○1 What's the secret of your success?

2 I didn'tfinding a job. ○

3 Confidence is ○

4 Their plan will probably ○

5 They didn't ○

6 She was surprised by the book's success. ○

eg. ○1 Mike challenged me to a game of chess.

○2 One of the main reasons is because people want to in the face of difficulties. ◇2challenge sb. ___________do sth.

eg. The leader challenged the workers to go on a strike.

△ 考查; 考验

2

△ (C) 成功的人(或事物)

2

eg. The job doesn't really challenge her. △ 对……怀疑/质疑; 拒绝接受

3

eg. ○1 The party was a big success.

2 She wasn't a success as a teacher. ○

3 He's proud of his daughter's successes. ○

eg. She doesn't like anyone challenge her ability.

challenge : n. △ 挑战

1【词组】△ make a success _________: 创造成功

1

1 an exciting/interesting challenge ◇eg. He was determined to make a success of the business.

面临挑战 迎接挑战 接受挑战

他决心把这门生意做红火。

◇2 ___________ a challenge ◇3 ___________ a challenge

◇4 ___________/take up a challenge ◇5 the most serious challenge

1

△ the sweet smell of success: 成功的喜悦; 成的美妙滋味

B ○

2

最严峻的挑战 达到目的; 有成效的

1 They were successful in winning the competition. 24. ________the face of : △ 面对(问题、困难等) eg. ○

eg. She showed great courage(勇气) of danger. 2 I wasn't very successful at keeping the news secret. ○△ as a result of sth. 由于; 因为 25. force : n. △(U) 力; 力量

2

1

eg. He was unable to deny(否认) the charges(指控) in the face of new evidence(证据).

2

eg. The force of the blow(打击) is so strong.

△ (C) 力量大的人/事物; 影响大的人/事物

1 Ron is the driving force (主心骨) behind the project. A ________the face to do sth. : 恬不知耻做某事 eg. ○○

2 Economic/Market forces are changing fast. 经济/市场力量 ○B face _______face with sth. : 面对某种处境 ○

eg. She was at an early age brought face to face with the horrors of war. △ (U) 武力; 暴力 △ (U) 权利; 效力

eg. The rioters(聚众闹事者) were taken away force. ○C ____________face: 丢脸; 使面子

eg. These rules do not have the force of .(法律效力) ○D ________/________ faces /a face at sb. :

(对某人)耷拉着脸; 板着脸; 做鬼脸 △ (C/U) an effect that causes things to move in a particular way力

3

4

5

eg. What are you pulling a face at now?

1 The moon exerts(存在) a force on the earth. eg. ○

2 Humans can live here because of the force of gravity(地心引力). ○E________one's face against sb./sth. : ○

1 bring sth. _____________force: 坚决反对某人/某事 【词组】◇eg. Her father has set his face against the marriage.

(使法律、规则等) 开始生效; 开始实施

○F do sth. till you are blue ______the face : eg. They are hoping to bring the new law into force before the end of the year.

2 ___________/_________into force: 开始生效; 开始实施 徒劳无功; 徒然拼命地干 ◇

eg. You can argue till you are blue in the face, but you won't change my mind. 你可以进费尽口舌,但改变不了我的主意。

eg. When do the new regulations(新规则)come into force?

3 force of ____________: 习惯力量 ◇

80.

○G put _____

○H ________已生效; 在实施中 更多的人出席。 ○I have 使显得愚蠢同…) 联合 eg. ○J __________eg. ○1 ○2

大自然(Nature)

就顺其自然吧。 27. even even和if,状语从句。 eg. 2 ○

○3 ○4 ○4 她生性很自私。

; 违反天性; 不道德的

; 返朴归真 ; 大自然的力量 1 【拓展】◇

eg. (the ocean)

◇2 even 恰恰在……eg. ○1 the Arctic Ocean : 北冰洋 Antarctic Ocean : 南冰洋(南极洲)

○2

沧海一粟 eg. ○1 2 ○ 九牛一毛

△ 2

诞生

eg. ○1 ○2 1 【搭配】◇

◇2 eg. ○1 ○2 ○3

从出身

81.

__________birth to sb./sth. : 生小孩; 产仔

1 She died shortly after giving birth. ○

2 Mary gave birth to a healthy baby girl. ○

1 birth mark : 胎记; 胎痣 ◇ birth place : 出生地; 发源地 _____: △ 到达(某数量、程度等); 至多有; 不多于

1

I can take up to four people in my car. 我的汽车最多能带四个人. ○2 The temperature went up to 35℃ = until sth. 直到; 不多于; 不迟于

1 Read up to page 100. ○

2 Up to now he's been very quiet. ○

与……一样高/好

水平). up to (doing) sth.: (体力或智力上) 能胜任

1 He's got up to the job. ○

2 I don't feel up to going to work today. ○

(spoken) 正在干; 从事着(尤指坏事); 在捣乱 1 What's she up to? ○2 What've you been up to? ○3 I'm sure he's up to no good. 我敢说他在打什么坏主意。 ○1 up __________sth.: 提供作…… eg. The house is up for sale. 正被考虑; 被提名 候选人) are up for election.

愿意参与(某活动)

be up to sb. : 是……的职责 (或责任); 由……决定

__________and down : 起伏; 上下波动; 来回; 往复 1 The boat moved up and down on the water. ○2 She was packing up and down in front of her desk. ○

成人; 成年动物

1 Children must be accompanied(陪伴) by an adult. ○2 Why can't you two act like adults? ○3 The fish return to the river as adults in order to breed. ○ 这种鱼成长以后回到河中产卵。

成年的; 成人的

1 Young people should prepare for adult life. ○

2 These are adult monkeys. 成年熊猫 ○

(U) 成年教育 __________________

1 a bamboo chair: 竹椅 ○2 bamboo shoots :竹笋 ○

3 Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating ○

36. bamboo : n. (C./U.) (bamboos) 竹子; 竹

about 10 kilos of bamboo.

[r?`sЗ: t∫] [`ri: sЗ: t∫] : n. (U) 研究; 调查

82.

cities about pandas and other endangered animals. endanger : vt. 使遭危险; 危机; 危害

eg. ○1 That one mistake seriously endangered the future of the company. ○2 The health of our children is being endangered by polluted air.

【搭配】research into/on sth./sb. :

1 He has carried out some research into cancer. ○

2 Recent research on deaf children has produced some ○

interesting findings.

对失聪儿童的最新研究已经取得了一些令人关注的结果.

3 ______________research ○

4 ______________research ○

5 _______________research ○

6 _______________research ○

7 ___________/ carry out research ○

8 _____________ research ○

39. keeper : n. (C.) 饲养员; 保管人

eg. She is a shop keeper. panda keeper : 熊猫管理员 ○1 game keeper : (私有猎场的) 猎物看守人

2 goal.keeper : (BrE.) ( 足球、曲棍球) 守门员 ○

医学研究 经济研究 历史研究 科学研究 进行研究 市场研究

○3 zoo.keeper : 动物园里的管理员

40. awake : (不可以放于名词前) adj. 醒着

eg. ○1 I was still awake when he came to bed.

2 She was awake during the operation on her leg. ○

research [r?`sЗ: t∫] : v. + into/in/on sth.

研究; 探讨; 调查

1 They're researching into the ways of improving people's diet! eg. ○

2 He spent 20 years researching on Chinese history. ○

3 research a _____________ ○

4 research a _____________ ○

5 research a _____________ ○

【搭配】 ◇1 (be) _____________awake: 半睡半醒 ◇2 (be) _____________awake : 睡意全无 ◇3 (be) _____________awake : 毫无睡意 ◇4_____________...awake : 让某人醒着 eg. The noise was keeping everyone awake. ◇5 _____________awake : 保持醒着的

eg. I was finding it hard to stay awake. 我已困得难熬。 ◇6 _____________awake : 躺着未睡

eg. He lies awake at night worrying about his job.

研究一个问题 研究一个课题 研究市场

research and development : n. (U) 研究和开发

41. excitement : n. △ (U) 激动; 兴奋

1

1 cause great excitement : 使兴奋不已 ◇

awake : v.(awoke; awoken) (使) 醒来

◇1 awake sb. _____________/to do sth. : eg. ○1 I awoke from a deep sleep. ○2 He awoke to find her gone. ○3 Her voice awoke the sleeping child.

eg. The news caused great excitement among her friends.

2 _____________excitement : 带着兴奋的心情 ◇

1 His face was red with excitement at the thought. eg. ○

2 When the babies see the keepers, they run over with excitement. ○

3 ______________excitement : 兴奋地 ◇

【搭配】awake to sth. : 察觉到; 意识到; 醒悟到 eg. The dog leapt(跳跃) and wagged(摇着) its tail in excitement. eg. It took her some time to awake to the dangers of her situation.

4 in one's excitement : 兴奋地 ◇

42. walk_____________ sth./sb. : 走路时撞着

eg. ○1 Some of the pandas even walk into their friends and fall over. ○2 He accidentally waked into a tree.

【拓展】△ walk_____________ sth.: 不意落入; 陷入

1

eg. In her excitement she dropped her glass.

43. fall ________sb./sth. : 被…绊倒; 几乎被…绊倒

eg. I rushed for the door and fell over the cat in the hallway.

1 fall _____________oneself to do sth. : 【拓展】◇

eg. I realized I'd walked into a trap(陷阱). △ walk____________: 愤然离去; 拂袖而去

2

特别卖力; 迫不及待; 煞费苦心; 不遗余力

eg. He was falling over himself to be nice to me. 他尽力对我友好。

2 fall __________: 捧腹大笑; 笑的前仰后合+ doing sth. ◇

△ walk sth. off : 散步消食

34

△ walk sth. off ___________sth. : 顺手牵羊; 顺便偷走 eg. We all fell about laughing. △ walk out _____________sth. : 半途而废

5

3 fall_____________: 破碎; 破裂; 崩溃 ◇

eg. I never walk out on a job half done.

6

1 My car is falling apart. eg. ○

2 Their marriage finally fell apart. △ walk (all) ________sth. : 苛刻对待; 轻而易举地打败 ○

eg. She'll always let him walk all over her. 她对他总是逆来顺受。 △ walk away ___________sth. : 轻易取胜; 轻易获得

7

4 fall behind / fall behind sb./sth. : 落后; 落在… 后面 ◇

eg. She soon fell behind the others in her class.

5 fall ____________with sth. : 拖欠(付款) ; 没有及时做 ◇

eg. She walked away with the gold medal.

△ walk up (______sb./sth.) : (尤指自信地) 向…走去; 走近

8

eg. He's fallen behind with his school work again.

44. illness : n. △(U) (身体或精神上的)疾病; 病

145. remaining : adj. 遗留的; 剩余的

eg. Scientists say there are now fewer than 2,000 pandas

eg. ○1 I missed a lot of school through illness last year.

83.

living in the remaining forests.

46. _________so =about: 大约

1 It'll cost £ 100 or so= about £ 100. eg. ○

【词组】or somebody/something/somewhere

=somebody/something/somewhere or other : ( 表示对人、事、地点不太有把握)

1 He's a boss or something. eg. ○

2 —Who said so? 这是谁说的? 啊, 某个人吧,我记不清是谁了。 ○

对于第二件艺术品,我有一种非常特别的感觉。

—Oh, somebody or other. I can't remember who it was.

48. wild : adj. ( wilder, wildest) △ 野生的

1

1 The plants eg. ○

2 There are many wild animals/ flowers there. 野生动物/野花 ○

△; 荒芜的

2

eg. The island is a wild and lonely place.

△ 缺乏管教的; 无法无天; 放荡的

3

49. government : n. △ (govt) (C) 政府; 内阁

1

1 The boy is a wild and completely out of control. eg. ○

2 He had a wild look in his eyes. ○

eg. ○1 Foreign governments have been consulted(咨询) about this decision. ○2 She has resigned(辞职) from the Government. ○4 ___________a government ○5 ___________a government ○6 the government of the_________ ○7 government _________________ ○8 government _________________ ○9 a government ________________ ○10 a government ________________

领到政府 组成内阁 当时的政府 政府政策 政府官员 政府部门 政府机构

4

△; 狂热+ __________sb./sth.

1 She's totally wild about him. eg. ○

2 I'm not wild about the idea. ○

1 run wild : 变得荒芜; 自由生长; 任其发展 【词组】◇

○3 The Government has/have been considering further tax cuts.

eg. The grass has run wild everywhere in the garden.

2 beyond one's wildest dream : ◇

做梦多没想到; 远远出乎所料; 大大超出希望 eg. This is quite beyond my wildest dream.

50. whale : n. (C) 鲸

eg. Humans catch whales for meat, fat and oil.

2 ___________whale : 逆戟鲸; 虎鲸; 恶鲸; 杀人鲸 ◇

3 ___________whale : 巨头鲸; 领航鲸 ◇

△ (U) 统治; 治理

2

1 _________whale : 蓝鲸 (己知的现存最大动物) eg. The Chinese Communist Party is now 【拓展】◇

51. oil : n. △ (U) 石油; 原油

1

eg. The workers are drilling(钻探) for oil .

2

3

3 sperm whale : 抹香鲸 △ (U/C) 油; 食用油 △ (U) 燃料; 润滑油 ◇

2 olive oil 橄榄油 eg. ○1 There is little oil left at home. ○【词组】have a whale of a time : (infml.) 玩的好开心; 过得非常快活

○3 vegetable oils 植物油 ○4 an oil lamp ○5 Put some oil in the car.

eg. She studies very hard and often burns the midnight oil.

52. protection : n. (U) 保护; 保卫; 保险

eg. Remember to bring clothes that provide enough

1 _______the midnight oil : 挑灯夜战;熬夜 ◇1 protection +_______________ /from sth. 【词组】◇

protection against the wind and rain. ◇2 _________oil on troubled water(s) : 努力调节争端

2 protection + ___________/of sb./ sth. ◇53. huge : adj. 巨大的; 极多的; 程度极高的 eg. ○1 He gazed(凝视) up at her with huge brown eyes.

2 巨大的成功 ○

eg. People should pay attention to the protection of the environment.

3 under ... protection ◇

○3 This is going to be a huge problem for us. 巨大的问题 ○4 There was a huge crowd around here. ○5 huge debts / losses : 巨大的债务/损失

hugely : adv. 极度; 及其; 非常; 深深地;大大地

eg. He asked to be put under police protection.

4 child_________________ laws ◇

5 consumer protection laws ◇

儿童保护法 消费者保护法

6 offer protection_________ fire and theft : 承保火灾及盗窃风险 ◇

84.

二、本单元重点 :

1. ... about 9,600 ,000 大小约9,6000,0000平方公里。

【解析1. 】square : adj. “平方米” , 用于数字后表面积。 eg. an area of 95 square meters 95平方米的面积 square : n 正方形;广场

eg. Many old people like dancing on the square after supper. 【解析2.】in size = have /has an area of... (面积) 大小 2. 1, 025 meters : 深1, 025米 主要有两种表达方式: 【结构1.】

【注】如果数词超过1,单位名词要用复数形式。 【注】单位词有: meter; foot; inch; kilogram 等

1 Yao Ming is over 2 meters tall. eg. ○

2 The river is 50 meters wide. ○

三、本单元词组 :

1. 最高的山脉 2. 在世界上 _________________ 5. ……米深/长/高 6. 其他任何一座山 _______________________ 9. 有最多的人口 11. 随意地做某事 13. 的组成部分 _________________ 16. 据我所知 _________________

19. 跨越…… _________________ 21. 冰冻的天气 _________________ 24. 到达接近顶端 _________________ 27. 那么多爬山者 29. 冒生命之险

______________________________ 3. 地理和自然__________________ 4. 在面积上 ___________________ _______________________________

7. 在所有的咸水湖中 _________________________

8. 与……一样大/比……大多了____________/_____________

______________________________ ______________________________ 12. 进行今日的长城之旅

_______________________________ 14. 古代的皇帝_________________ 15. 正如你所见_________________ 17. 人造物体 _________________ 18. 世界最危险的运动

_______________________________ 20. 茂密的云 __________________ 22. 大暴雪_____________________ 23. 呼吸空气 __________________ 25. 到达顶峰___________________ 26. 中国第一个爬山队

_____________________________ 28. 第一批做某事的人们

_______________________________ 30. 挑战自我___________________ _______________________________ 33. 实现某人的梦想

____________________________ ___________________________ 36. ……的精神_________________ 37. 世界上没有海洋

____________________________ 39. 每天吃重……公斤的食物 ___________________________ 41. 幼年熊猫___________________ 43. 在成都研究基地

___________________________ 45. 为……准备牛奶

______________________________ 47. 兴奋地跑过去

_______________________________ 49. 摔倒 ______________________ 50. 那么聪明和可爱 ______________ 52. 对…非常特别__________________

【解析1.】在英语中,表示事物的长、宽、高、深等时, 10. 最古老的国家之一 “基数词 + 单位名词+ 形容词 (long, wide, tall, deep等)”。 _________________

“基数词+ 单位名词+ in + 名词(length; width; height; depth等)

1 two meters long = two meters in length 2米长 eg. ○

2 three feet high = two feet in height. 3英尺高 ○

【结构2.】长、宽、高、深还可用复合形容词表示。 “数字+ 量词(单位) + 形容词(long/ wide/ tall/ deep等)” 。 各个词间用连字符连接,常作前置定语修饰名词。 eg. Jeremy Shu-How Lin is a 1.91-meter-tall- basketball player. 【拓展】 adj → n deep → depth wide → width

long → length high→ height big → size

strong → strength

【解析2.】deep adj. 深的 eg. take a deep breath 深深呼吸 _________________

_________________ 31. 面临困难 32. 放弃做某事 _________________ 34. 自然界的力量 _________________ 38. 比较实事

_________________________

_________________ 42. 活到

_________________ 44. 熊猫饲养员 _________________ 46. 醒着 48. 撞到某人 _________________

51. 照顾;照料 _____________

3. Qomolangma is ___________ than mountain in the world. 珠穆朗玛峰比世界上任何山都__________.

【解析】 “any other +可数名词的单数” , 任何其他的。 [指在同一范围内除了某人或某物以外的其他任何人或物] 通常用于比较级,多用于同一范围内相比较。 eg. Shanghai is bigger than 可数名词复”互换,也可用最高级形式表达。

1 Lucy is more careful than eg. ○

【用法1.】any other “其他任何一个” ,后接可数名词单数, 35. 虽然;尽管

【用法2.】 “any other +可数名词单数” 可与 “the other + 40. 在出生的时候

(any other + 可数名词单数)

=Lucy is more careful than the other students in her class. (the other + 名词复数)

2 Lucy is the most careful student in her class. ○

【2013山东烟台】China is larger than __________ in Africa. _________________ A. the other countries C. any of the other countries

B. any other D. any other country

4. It’s of the US.

85.

(中国) 人口比美国多对多。

【解析1.】a lot … ……..得多; 很多; 非常 之后。相当于very much。 eg. He knows ____________ about this event. A. a lot of B. lots of

C. many D. a lot

(2) a lot of = lots of + 复数名词=many +复数名词=much+ 不可数名词 eg. He drinks _____. He’s got ____money but not ___ friends. A. a lot; plenty of ; much C. a lot of; a lot of; many

B. much; a lot of ; many D. a lot of ; a lot; a lot of

53. 每两年 _________________ _________________ 59. 研究中心 _________________ 61. 濒危动物 62. 做艺术品 _________________ 65. 为…捕猎鲸 _________________

67. 对鲸保护的规则

68. 水保护

_________________________

54. 死于各种疾病_______________ 55. 成年熊猫 __________________ 57. 砍伐林木___________________ 58. 住在剩余的林子里

_______________________________ 60. 教育项目___________________ ___________________________ 63. 中国政府___________________ 64. 大熊猫越来越少

___________________________ 66. 跳出水 ____________________ _____________________________ 69. 处于危险之中_______________ 70. 拯救这些动物的重要性

【辨析】(1) a lot 很多, 做副词短语, 修饰动词, 放在动词 56. 竹林

【解析2.】 population 人口;人口数量 eg. The population increasing faster and faster. eg. Three quarters of the populationworkers. ③ 表示人口的 "多"或"少"时, 用"large"或"small"

① population: 做主语且强度整体人口时,谓语动词一般用单数,

② 当主语时“人口的百分之几、几分之几”时,谓语动词常用复数形式。 二、本单元重点: _____________________________

26. When the babies see the keepers, they with

and some of them even walk into their friends and fall down!

倒它们的伙伴,绊倒在地!

eg. The population of China is very 中国人口众多。 当熊猫幼崽们看到饲养员时便激动地跑了过来,有些甚至撞 The population of the town is much ________than that of your town. A. less B. fewer C. smaller D. more ④ 询问某国、某地有多少人口时, 用"How large...?" eg. How large is the population of your hometown? 你们家乡有多少人口?

提问有多少人口,常用“ What is the population of …?” eg. What is the population of Canada? 加拿大的人口有多少? 【注】表示 “某地有多少人口” 时,常用 “… has a population of …” 句型

eg. India has a population of more than one billion. than China’s 【解析1.】run_________撞倒 run _________追逐,追求 run away ______ 从……跑掉;逃避 run ______ (某物)被用完 run out ______ 用完(某物) run ______无意间碰到,和……相撞

1 excite : v "(使)兴奋eg. The news excited him a lot. ◇

2 exciting: adj. 表示"令人兴奋的;使人激动的",指人、事、◇

【解析2.】excitement

激动;兴奋to one’s excitement 使某人兴奋的是

物本身让人兴奋、激动。eg. He told us an exciting story yesterday.

3 excited 形容词,表示"兴奋的",指人、物对......感到兴奋,是(主动地感到)兴奋的 ◇

be excited about 对……感到激动

1 Are you excited about going to Beijing? The experts think that India’s population may be eg. ○

【解析3. 】fall down 跌倒fall “落下,跌落,降落”,指在重力的作用下落下,或失去

平衡而跌落。eg. The leaves fall in the autumn.

fall down强调的是“滑倒、倒下”,后接宾语时应加上介词from eg. The book fell down from the table to the floor. 【短语】 fall _______倒下 fall ______落在...之上, 脸朝下跌倒 fall_______下降, 跌落 fall________向前摔倒、跌倒

A. much; by B. more; in C. larger; by D. larger; on 【2013湖北荆州3.】The word’s population is growing _______and there is _______land and water for growing rice. A. more; less B. larger; fewer C. larger; less D. more; fewer 【湖南衡阳1.】 — ________ the population of China? — It’s about 1.3 billion.

A. What’s B. How many is C. How much is D. How is 5. It has a (中国) 比美国历史长得多。

【解析】much ……得多 (修饰比较级)

类似的词还有: even “更......” , a lot “很多;......得多” a little “比......一点” eg. My classroom is a little bigger than yours.

【2013湖北黄石】I am good at math, but his English is _______ than mine.

四、完成短文。 A.

珠穆朗玛峰(Qomolangma) 简称珠峰,又意译作圣母峰, 尼泊尔称为萨加马塔峰,藏语的 “珠穆朗玛”意为“第三女神”。该峰 位于中华人民共和国和尼泊尔交 界的喜马拉雅山脉之上, 终年积

A. much better B. more better C. very better D. pretty better 6. The US is not ___________years old.

Qomolangma

[`t??um?ula: ?m?]

雪。常年低温。珠穆朗玛峰海拔 8844.43米,同时每年增长1.2厘

米,是世界第一高峰,是一条近似东西向的弧形山系,位于

86.

87.

【2011昭通】I was very surprised when the alien went into a souvenir shop. 9. The bus driver always says to us, “Don’t get off______ the bus stops.” A. excited B. amazing C. relaxing D. amazed world by himself _________ within about 130 days A. terrified, successful B. scary, successfully C. amazing, successfully D. convincing, successful —Yes, but I think it’s ______. I fell asleep when I saw it. A. exciting

B. boring C. bored D. excited

10.The main reason was to protect their part of the country. 主要的原因是保卫自己的国家。

【解析】 protect v “保护” eg. We should protect children. protect sb./ sth from 保护某人/ 某物使其不受…… 11. you can see , it’s quite tall and wide. 正如你所看到的, 长城非常高,也非常宽广。 eg. I was surprised as he opened the door. as ② prep. 作为 eg. I get job as a teacher.

a pet because she hates cats. A. for B. on C. as D. with 【2011山东聊城】 We’ll have dinner at Qianxilong Restaurant, which is famous __________ its food. A. of B. to C. for

D. as

12. there are no man-made objects as big as this. 据我所知,没有任何一个人造物有长城这么长。 【解析】as far as I know据我所知

eg. Protect your eyes from the sun. 不要让阳光伤害你的眼睛。

A. when

B. while

C. until

D. if D. off; as

【2013青岛】 It is _________ that Mr. Guo sailed across the 10. —Do you know that Mr. Zhang passed last week?

—Yes. He died A. away; of

B. on; from

C. by; with

11. —Peter has changed a lot, hasn’t he? —Yes. He used to A. plays; interested C. play; interesting —China, of course. A. the largest

B. play; interested D. playing; interest

D. the least D. give it up

【2011广东2】—Have you ever seen the movie called Los Angles 2011? the guitar, but now he is more in playing soccer.

12. —Which country has population, China, the USA, or Canada?

B. the smallest C. the most B. find it out

C. take it in

13. It seems that this plan is impossible to achieve. Let’s .

A. turn it down

14. —I hear some of the mountain climbers were killed inside Pakistan several months ago. —B. I’m sorry to hear that D. It doesn’t matter

C. I hope so

【解析】as ① conj.像……一样,正如 (用来引导状语从句) A. Glad to hear that

15. —Excuse me. Can you tell me what time A. the plane will reach Beijing C. the plane will arrive Beijing B. the cleanest A. laugh

B. will the plane arrive in Beijing D. will the plane get to Beijing

D. the most cleanest

D. crying D. took D. those

【2011本溪】 Mrs. Black doesn’t agree to keep a cat ______ —At about 8 o’clock, sir.

16. Our room is than theirs. A. much cleaner

C. more cleaner B. laughing B. paid for B. this

C. cry C. cost C. that C. any one

C. longer

. 18. The coat him 160 yuan.

as far as “就......来说,至于......” , 引导状语从句,强调范围 A. spent 【记】as far as I can remember 据我所记得的 as far as I can see 依我所见

A. as far as B. as well as C. as soon as D. as much as 登山是世界上最危险的运动之一。 【2011曲靖中考】

A good book may be one of your best __________(friend). 【2011曲靖中考】

many people living and working here.

A. the largest B. the large C. larger D. largest 【重庆市2012】—What do you think of the film you saw yesterday? —Oh! It’s one of __________films I’ve ever seen. A. interesting

B. more interesting

A. it

或程度,常与动词know, see,等连用,可放在句首或句中。 19. The weather in Beijing is colder than in Guangdong.

20. John is taller than boy in the class.

B. any other

D. some other D. most long D. very older D. other

21. We all know the Yellow River is the second _________ river in China.

A. long

B. longest

22. Miss Black looks ___________ than she does.

B. more older

C. much older C. the others

23. Tom is taller than ____________boy in our class. A. the other

B. any other

24. This room is ___________ that room.

B. three times as bigger as D. as big as three times

C. three times as big as

【2011山东潍坊】The magazine was started by Becky, _______ I know. A. the other 13. One of the word’s most dangerous sports is mountain climbing,… 【解析】one of + the adj. 最高级 + 可数名词复数 A. the more older

Qujing is one of ________cities in Yunnan , and has attracted A. as three times big as

25. Mother told me ______ you eat junk food, ______I will be. A. the less; the healthier B. the more; the healthier C. the less; the more healthier

D. the more; the more healthier

26.The bridge is about ____________ long.

88.

C. most interesting D. the most interesting A. six hundred meter C. six hundreds meters A. come in

B. takes in

B. six hundred meters D. six hundred of meters C. take off

D. take in

14.

【解析】southwestern 西南方向的

在所有的山峰中, 珠穆朗玛峰最高,最有名。 【解析】famous = well – know adj. 著名的, 有名的 (1) be famous___: 因……而著名(某人因某种知识、技能或特征而出名) eg. China is famous for the Great Wall and Pandas. (2) be famous____: 作为…….而出名 (某人以某种身份而出名) eg. Lu Xun was famous as a writer.

① Einstein was famous _________ a great scientist. A. for A. to

B. as B. for

C. like C. as

D. because D. of

② Suzhou is famous ________a beautiful city in our country. 16.Even more serious difficulties (比这) 更严重的困难包括冰冻的天气条件和强烈的暴风雨。 → including : prep 包括 (放在被包括的对象之前) ① I have many pen pals ____________(include) Lucy. ② All the people must take part in the activities, _________ the monitors and the teachers.

A. include B. including C. included D. to include 【2012贵州遵义】Many people will go to the concert, __________(include) teachers, students and parents. 【解析2.】freeze: v freezing: adj. 冻冰的;结冰的 eg. ?1 Today it is freezing cold.

freeze: v frozen adj. 冻结的,被冰覆盖的 eg. ?2 I don’t like frozen food. 【解析3.】 condition: 条件;状况

1 out ________condition 不健康,身体不好 ◇

15. Of all the mountains , Qomolangma rises the highest and is the most 28.Our country is becoming ___________.

A. more beautiful and more C. more and more beautiful A. cut them up C. cut down them A. wake

B. sleep

B. more beautiful and beautiful D. more beautiful and beautifuler B. cut up them D. cut them down C. asleep

D. awake

29.The trees are old, so we can __________and plant some young ones.

30. I was so excited that I stayed _________ last night. 31. I enjoy playing computer games, but I can’t _________ too much time ____________that. A. take; doing C. spend; to doing A. to finish A. wide A. good A. protect A. any

B. finish B. deep B. better B. stop

D. take; to do C. in finishing C. difficult C. best C. take

D. to finishing D. thick D. well D. have

B. spend; doing

32. Work hard and you will succeed________your homework by six o’clock.

【解析1. 】include: v. 包括;包含 included : adj. 包括的 33. The ____ book has so many pages. I can’t finish reading it in a month.

34. Which would you like__________, basketball or football?

35. I think the best way to _________ us against illness is to exercise more. 36. Tom is taller than ___________ student in his class.

B. the other C. any other D. other any

【兰州】 Ten people ________(包含) a baby, were hurt in the crash. 37. —What’s ___________ mountain in the world?

—Qomolangma. It’s 8,844.43 meters high. A. highest

A. friendlier

A. better A. kept

B. the highest C. higher B. louder

C. softer

D the higher D. lovelier D. the best D. cut

38. Could you speak in a __________ voice? We can hardly hear you. 39. —Which one do you like___________? — Neither, thanks.

B. the better C. best B. put

C. improved

2 _____good condition 情况良好;◇完好 40. The store has ____________ the prices. The things there are cheaper than before.

17. 并且越接近顶部呼吸越困难。 【解析】take in 吸入; 吞入(体内) take ______: (外貌) 相像 take_______: 写下,记下 take ______ : 起飞; 脱下

take ______: 拿开 take it______: 别紧张

41. —Did you know China is one of the oldest countries in the world?

—Yes, I did. It’s__________ than the US. A. much older —Movie Palace. C. the most popular

B. more older A. popular

C. much elder B. more popular D. much more popular

D. more elder

take ____ : 吸收,吸纳 42. —Which is ________, Town Cinema, Screen City or Movie Palace?

take ____: 喜欢,开始从事 take ________: 照相 take care ____: 照顾,照料 take ______: 接管

43. You are ________ now, Victor. So you should wash your clothes by yourself.

【2012江苏常州】—Why have you got so much water here? A. enough young B. young enough C. enough old D. old enough — For the trail walkers. After they finish the tough hike, they 44. Yao Ming is one of__________ most popular___________ in China. need to __________ lots of water.

A. a ; players

B. the ; players

C. an; runners

D. much; runners

89.

How far is it from school? —About ___________.

A. 5 minutes on feet walk C. 5 minutes’ walk A. in ;in

B. to ; to

B. 5 minutes D. 5 minutes-walk C. to ; in

D. in ; to

47. —How does your father go to work? —On foot. Our house __________ his office. A. is different from C. is far from —Mary. Of course. A. Who

B. When

B. is close to D. is the same as

48. — __________ do you think is the best performer?

C. What D. Why

49. There isn’t an airport near here. The __________ one is about 90 miles away.

A. busiest B. farthest C. newest D . nearest 50. —No ocean in the world is __________ the Pacific Ocean. A. big than B. biggest than A. the

B. a

C. as big as C.不填

D. as bigger as D. an D. is; be D. be D. a lot

D. aren’t D. the taller D. have had D. those

D. every D. look like

—That’s right! It’s the biggest ocean in the world. 51. There is no living thing on___________ moon.

52. The population of China ______ large. About four fifths of the population __________farmers. A. is; are

B. are; is

C. are; are

53. There __________still some milk in the fridge. It’s necessary to go to the store today. A. am A. a lot of

B. is B. a lots of

C. are C. lots of C. need C. tallest C. were having C. it C. each C. look at C. in danger

54. Thank you ____________for having us.

55. You are tired. You ____________go to the party. A. should B. shouldn’t A. tall A. had A. that A. both

B. taller

56. Alan is as ___________as Lucy in their class. 57. I __________my breakfast when the telephone rang.

B. was having B. one B. all

58. There is a book on the desk, and ______is an English book. 59. There are many trees on _________ side of the river. 60. The boy is too young to _________himself. A. look up B. look after

B. in dangerous

61. He is ____________and he needs some help.

D. out of danger

62. __________ he practices, _________he does. A. Much; better

B. The much; the better D. The more; the well

C. The more; the better

90.

63. If there is ________pollution, the air in our city will be ________dirtier.

B. more; much

C. less; less

D. more; more

64. Jenny is one of ___________girls in our school. A. creative A. that

B. the creative C. much creative D. the most creative B. one

C. it

D. those

65. This picture book is not so interesting as that ________. 66. How to read 4, 444, 444 in English?

B. four million, four hundred forty-four thousand, four hundred forty-four C. four, four four four, four four four

67. China is ___________ country in the world.

hundreds and forty-four

B . the largest third

C. the third large

D. a third largest

—Go and buy back, Bob.

A. it B . other C. that D. one

than any other player at the sports meeting.

B. taller C . high D. higher —Mum, could I have an MP3 like this?

— B. a cheapest

C. a cheaper

D. the cheapest

Traveling by train is____________ excited than a rushed trip by air.

B. a little C . far more D . little five days in Shanghai. B. the other

C. another

D. others

of listeners in the meeting room. B. the large numbers D. large number

—Lily doesn't look so happy as her sister Rose.

B. less unhappy D. less unhappier C. No, it isn't.

D. No, it is.

—No, she's

—Isn't Yantai in the east of China? —__________. B. many C. much D. little

A. big B. large

C. great

D. giant

B. Yes, it isn't. panda weighs 50 kilos more than a man.

eg. Our English teacher was preparing the lessons when I came into the office. 我进办公室时,我们的英语老师在备课。 ◇2 prepare to do sth.表示"准备做......"。

eg. They were the river when it began to rain. 他们正准备过河,突然下雨了。 ◇3 prepare for sth.表示"为......做准备"。

eg. The students are busy preparing for the final exam.

A. in B. of C. at D. with 79. —What do you think of Miss Li’s teacher?—Oh, no one teachesA. well B. better C. best D. good

80. You looked for it twice, but you haven’t found it. Why not try ?

A. three times B. a third time

C. the third time

D. once

91.

学生们正在准备期末考试。 81.【2013四川凉山】— What happened to Mare? —He fell ______ the bike _______ a snowy morning. 25. At 9:00 a.m, they find that most of the babies are already and hungry.

上午9:00的时候, 他们发现大部分熊猫幼崽已经醒来并且饿了。

A. off; in B. down; at C. off; on A. died; dead

C. has been dead; dead

B. died; death

D. down; in

82. He _____ for two years. We are still sad about his _____.

D. has been dead; death B. saved; dead D. has saved; death

【解析】awake : adj. 醒来 (反义词)asleep 睡着的 eg. She was awake all night. 【2013江苏苏州】

83. The doctor ______a ________ boy yesterday.

C. has saved; dead

awake : V. 唤醒; 使醒来 = wake up eg. The noise awoke me. A. saved; dying

84.—The national hero Wu Bin , a bus driver, hardly had time

to think about himself when in danger. 【2012曲靖中考】 —Yes, His _________ is starting to make people think a lot. A. die A. of C. by; with

B. take B. death B. from

C. dead C. with D. off; as

C. spend【2013黑龙江绥化】 D. pays 【2012曲靖中考】

D. took, to drive

D. costs D. buy

C. buying D. spends

D. died D. for

A. away; of

B. on ;from

86. —Do you know that Mr. Zhang passed ____________ last week? — Yes. He died ________ illness. 【2013湖北荆州】 87. It will _________ them several years to learn English well. A. cost A. takes A. takes, to drive

B. spends B. took, drive

【2013四川雅安】

C. uses C. takes, drive A. in C. takes

B. to buy

88. —Are you always online? —Yes. It _____________ me a lot of time to read the web pages I likes. It’s the best way to kill time. 89. It only__________ him 20 minutes __________to his office every day. 【2013鞍山】

【2013湖北荆州】 A. pays B. takes C. spends A. pays A. took; to finish A. spent A. costs, pay A. eat up

—OK. I’ll do it right away. A. much difficult than

92. — Do you know the price of the ticket? —Yes. Each__________¥180. 【2013山东济宁】

B. costs B. cost; finishing B. paid B. cost, spend B. use up

93. It ________ me about 10 days ______ painting the walls.

【2013湖北黄石】 C. took; finishing C. took C. pay, spend C. pick up C. use up

C. less difficult than

A. bad A. took A. stay A. flying B. Because B. tired

D. spent; to finish D. cost

D. spends, pay 【2013山东青岛】

【2013四川宜宾】

D. more difficult than B. badly B make

C.OK C. remained

D. cut up D. cut up

94. Paul’s parents were worried that he 【2013四川遂宁】 95. — How much is the ticket to Central Park? —A one-way ticket _____ $40, and you can ______ another $20 for a round-trip. 96. President Xi Jinping calls on Chinese people to __________ all the food each meal.

97. —Alice, could you help me ___________ the meat? I want to make some dumplings for dinner. 【2013山东济南】

A. put up B. give up

B. so difficult as

98. —Many boy students think math is ___________ English. —I agree. I’m weak in English. 【2013十堰】 99. Though he has been working hard, his math remains__________. 100. At the meeting ,they said nothing but __________quiet.

2007年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)初二年级组样题

( ) 1. ( ) 3. ——Yes, that’s right. ( A. But

B. live C. try D. help B. moving C. leaving for D. coming

C. Though C. another C. relaxing

D. However D. some D. worry

( ) 2. A. hardly B . important C. easy D. difficult

( ) 5. —? —No, that’s enough. A. other B. else ( ) 6. After a long walk, the old man felt very __________. A. luck

92.

( ) 7. What should I do next? Could you please give me __________? A. advices A. How often A. to be; want A. do; have

B. some advices B. How far B. will be; let B. did; mending

C. some advice C. How long C. to be; make C. were; to sell

( ) 8. —_________ is it from the hospital to the cinema? —It’s thirty miles.

D. an advice

D. How soon D. be; wish

D. was; buying

( ) 9. —What do you want _________when you grow up? —A doctor, but my grandparents ________me to be a scientist. ( ) 10. —When _________ you finish _________ the watch? —Three hours ago.

( ) 11. —Sorry, I can’t go to the theatre with you _________ Saturday evening, because I have _________ homework to do. —It doesn’t matter. A. /; too many A. funny; popular A. a lot

A. where the bookshop is A. a; /

A. I’m fine, thank you A. I’ve no idea A. It was very boring

B. funnier; popular B. a lot of

B. where can I find the bookshop B. the; the B. You’re welcome B. I will go to New York B. I usually go home by bus

B. on; too much C. at; too much D. on; too many

D. calmer; more outgoing D. few

D. where will I buy this book D. the; /

D. Sure, I’d love to D. I will stay at home D. We had so much fun D. He’d like to go fishing D. Who celebrates Thanksgiving

C. looks after D. thinks about C. lend C. a lot C. bad

D. bring D. many D. the matter

C. outgoing; calm C. many

C. where is the bookshop C. /; the

C. I’m sorry to hear that C. I’d like some milk C. It will be very sunny C. He is always late for school C. How is it going

( ) 12. Paul is _________ than Mary, but he is not as _________ as Mary.

( ) 13. —I hear there is _________rain in this country every year. Is that true? —I’m afraid so.

( ) 14. —Excuse me, do you know _________?—Sorry, I’m new here. Why don’t you ask the man over there? ( ) 15. —Bruce, do you like playing __________ basketball? —Yes, but I like playing __________ violin better. ( ) 16. —Mrs. Lee isn’t feeling well and she is ill in hospital now. —___________. That’s bad news.

( ) 17. —What are your plans for the weekend? —_________.—It’s a great place to visit. Have a good time there. ( ) 18. —Did you go to the party last night? What do you think of it? —_________. I really liked it.

( ) 19. —Do you know the boy named David? —Yes, he is my friend. —What does he look like? —____________. A. He went to the supermarket B. He’s short and has curly hair A. How old are you

B. How do you go to school

( ) 20.—Nice to see you again, Ann!___________? —Not too bad. What about you? —Oh, I’m fine.

2008 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPC) 初二年级组样题

( ) 1. She the sick after the earthquake. A. cares about B. takes after

( ( (

( A. /; the A. thousand of A. At; out

B. the; / B. thousands B. On; off

A. borrow A. few A. happening A. had a good time C. /; / C. thousand C. In; on

A. well

B. tired B. have B. less B. right B. left for

C. went sightseeing D. took a vacation D. the; the D. thousands of D. In; off C. excited B. took

C. joined C. will; spend

D. hungry D. joined in D. did; want

( ) 6. Paul likes playing _________piano, but he doesn't like playing __________golf.

( ) 7. During the exams, there are _______________parents waiting for their children outside the test center. ( ) 8. __________my day_____________, I will go to the countryside to visit my grandma. ( ) 9. I’m not feeling_______. I want to go to see the doctor.

( ) 10. —_________ do your parents exercise?—Three times a week. A. How far B. How long C. How often D. How soon ( ) 11. Deng Yaping ______ the national table tennis team in 1988. A. took part in ( ) 13. I’m quieter than most of the kids in my class. _________ my friend.

( ) 12. What _________ you ________ to the party tonight? A. are; going to wear B. were; going

93.

A. So is B. So does C. Neither is

B. posting B. take it out B. the more D. two another

D. Neither does C. post C. take out them C. the most

D. to post D. take out it D. more

( ) 14. Don’t forget _________ the letter for me. It’s urgent. A. posted ( ) 15. Here is some trash. Could you please ___? A. take them out ( ) 16. He is one of _______young stars in China. A. two more

B. two others

A. most C. another

( ) 17. —Do you have enough students to carry the boxes? —No, I think we need ________ students. ( ) 18. —Would you like to come to dinner tonight?—___________. —What a pity. A. Of course I will. I like to have dinner with you C. Sorry, I cannot cook delicious food for you A. Thank you very much A. You are here.

B. Have a nice trip B. That’s a good idea. B. I’d love to, but I am too busy D. My mother will come with me, too

C. I sure will

D. Good luck

D. Sorry, we only have tea.

the Caspian Sea (里海) 中文名: 外文名: 属 性 面 积 最大深度 蓄水量 岛屿数量 入海河流

里海

( ) 19. —Be sure to write to me as soon as you get there. —__________.

( ) 20. —May I have a cup of coffee, please?—____________.

C. It tastes really good.

地理常识介绍 :

地理位置: 38.64万1025m 7.6万Km3 50个 130条

2007 Two friends were walking through a forest. During the journey they had a quarrel (吵架), and(1)_________ slapped (打) the other in the face. The one who got slapped was hurt, but he didn't say (2)_________. He just wrote in the sand, “Today my best friend slapped me (3)________the face.”

They kept on walking until they found an oasis (绿洲) and they decided to take (4)_________ bath. The one, who was slapped, fell into the river, (5)_________ the friend

saved him. After he woke up, he wrote (6)_________ a stone, “Today my best friend saved my life.” The friend, who slapped and saved his best friend, said to (7)_________, “After I hurt you, you wrote something in the sand and now, you are writing something on a stone. (8)_________?”

The other friend (9)_________, “When someone hurts us, we should write it down in the sand and winds can erase (抹去) it away easily. But, when (10)_________ does something good for us, we must carve (雕刻) it on the stone and no wind can erase it away.”

1. The boy is too young, so he can't look after himself. 2. Jack's father will go to Japan by plane next Tuesday.

1. The boy can't _________ _________ _________ himself, because he is too young. 2. Jack's father will _________ _________ Japan next Tuesday. 3. Book B is easier than Book A. Book A is _________ _________ than Book B.

94.

Unit 8. Have you read Treasure Island?

95.

96.

97.

舰壳两边的漆开始脱落。

○7 这艘船定于第二天启航。

a _______________ship a _______________ship a _______________ship a ship's ______________ a ship's ______________ a ship's ______________ a ship's ______________

帆船 游艇 货船 船长

船运公司 船上厨师

1 jump ship : 擅自弃职离船【词组】◇

◇2 (like rats) leaving a sinking ship :

(像) 逃离沉船(的老鼠)

◇3 __________a tight ship : 管理有方; ship : (-pping, -pped) v. 船运; 运输1 eg. ○

2 ○

请通知我们什么时候装运货物。

3 ○

4 ○9. tool : n. (C) 工具

1 ___________tools eg. ○

2 a_____________ tool ○

3 ______________tools ○

园艺工具 切削工具 电动工具

4 ○ 一定要选对干活的工具。

5 Don't injure yourself with that tool. ○【词组】down (v) tools : 阁下工作; 10. gun : n. (C) 枪; 炮

1 to ______a gun at sb.: eg. ○

2 a ________gun: 玩具枪 ○

向某人开火 23 Look out, he's got a gun! 在压力之下仍能这样保持冷静,这就是冠军相。 ○

4 The gun has a carry of 400 yards. 这枪的射程为四百码。 △2 (C) 符号; 记号 ○

1 __________/put a gun______ sb's head : eg. ○1 You can see_______ him the marks of an educated man. 【词组】◇

威胁某人; 胁迫某人就范 从他身上你可以看到受过教育的人的特点。

2 I put a mark in the book to remind me to check the figure. ○

◇2 be going _____________guns : 做得快; 顺利; 成功

eg. Work is going great guns now.

抢跑; 过早行动 ◇3 _____________the gun :

打乱对手的计划 ◇4 _____________sb's guns :

不听别人劝告; 坚持己见; ◇5 _________to one's guns :

一意孤行 ◇6 _____gun: 气枪, 空气枪

枪未响就起跑, 起跑犯规; 抢先行动 ◇7 ______the gun :

的确 ◇8 as ________as a gun :

我在书里做了个记号来提醒我核对一下这个数字。

△ (C) 污点; 污迹; 斑点; 疤痕

3

1 The children left dirty ________all over the kitchen floor. eg. ○

2 The scandal left a mark ___________his reputation. ○

那件丑事玷污了他的名声。

3 Detectives(侦探们) found no marks on the body. ○

△ (C) 成绩; 分数; 等级

4

98.

◇9

◇10◇11 get a ___________mark in English get a ___________mark in maths 英语得分高 数学得分低 给某人高/低分

○5 to give sb. a ______/low mark 2My mark was 7 ______of 10. ○3○

我的分数是10分得了7分。

1 be _____________to/near the mark: ○4 5○

) 接近准确; 几乎无误

be ______the mark : (猜测、陈述等)不准确; 相去甚远 ___________the mark : 没有达到目的; 猜测错误 ___________the mark : 达到目的; 猜测正确 ___________a/one's mark ___________sth./sb. : ○7○8 (尤指坏影响)

1

○9△ 做记号; 做标记

(1) mark... ________... : 在……上做记号/标记

1 Prices are marked on the goods. eg. ○

2 Mark the price on the goods. 把价格标在商品上。○

○10 The ship has come to rest _______the fine sand. 这艘船停靠在细沙滩上。

1 We went for a walk_________ the sand. △ (U/C) 沙滩eg. ○

2

○2 The children on the sand were shouting _________excitement. 沙滩上的孩子们兴奋得大喊大叫。

3 The kid dug a tunnel____________ the sand. ○

(2) mark... ____________... : 用……标记

1 Mark the place ___________a cross. 用叉来做标记。 eg. ○

2 The box of eggs was marked "With Care". ○

小孩在沙堆里挖了一个地道。

○4 Many sands will sink a ship. 积沙沉船。

5 The sands are running ______________. 时间不多了。 ○

1________one's head in the sand : 采取鸵鸟政策 【词组】◇

这个鸡蛋盒标上了"小心"字样。

△ (学生作业) 打分; 评分; 评成绩

2

1 I hate marking exam papers. eg. ○

2 Why have you marked this wrong? ○

采取逃避措施逃避现实 (鸵鸟在遇到危险的时候会把头埋在沙子里) ◇2

◇3 ◇4 ◇5 ◇6 ◇7 ◇8 ◇9 ◇10 2 ○

3 ○

I spend at least six hours a week marking. The teacher marked the examination papers. 教师给试卷打了分数。 Sir, did you mark my exam paper? 老师你改我试卷了吗? 1 mark _______________: 等待时机 I'm just marking time in this job—I'm hoping to get into journalism.

mark sb. ___________: 给低分; 压低成绩

: n. (C) 食人肉者

1 a tribe(部落) of cannibals ○

We're dealing with a cannibal. 我们对付的是食人者。 I have heard the cannibal tribe _________stories. 1eg. ○我在故事里听说过食人部落。

Some fish are cannibals. 有些鱼是食同类的。 △ (U) 陆地; 大地

1

4 ○

1 _________land : 在陆地上 1 We are glad to be on land again. 我们很高兴又踏上陆地了。 ○ 2 Most mammals live on land. 大多数哺乳动物生活在陆地上。○

___________land : 通过陆路 5 ○6 ○We made the journey

_______________animal : 陆地动物 表示“land animal.

99.

不含有达到某地之意,而to则往往带有“已达某地”

towards是较通用的词, 英国人大都使用它, 另外,在美国,toward和towards【与之类似区别的词有】

_____ward(s) : adv. 后来 _____ward(s) : adv. 向前_____ward(s): adv. 向后 _____ward(s) : adv. 向下 inward(s) : adv. 向内

(backward(downward(inward也可用作形容词)_____ward(s) : adv. 向下 (upward也可用作形容词eg. ○1 我们的房子是向山而不是面海港。 现在巡行队伍正在向市政厅行进。

○2 10○

4 Her husband's body lies buried 2,000 miles away in a __________land. ○

16. fiction : n. △ (U) 小说

1

1 a work of popular fiction 通俗小说作品 eg. ○

2____________fiction ○

3____________fiction ○

历史小说 传奇小说 恐怖小说

轻松小说,通俗小说

她丈夫的遗体埋葬在两千英里外一个陌生的国度。

4 美国是自由与机遇之邦。○○4____________fiction ○5_____________fiction ○6____________fiction ○7_____________fiction ○8_____________fiction

纯粹的谎言,十足的谎言 科学幻想小说,科幻小说

宇宙小说,

○9 Real life is sometimes stranger than fiction. 现实生活有时比小说还离奇。

2○

△ (C) 虚构的事; 假想之物

2

1 eg. ○○2 It's important to tell fact_______fiction. 3 His words are complete fiction. 他的话全是虚构。 ○

4 Her cup was a fiction, but this is reality. ○

她的酒杯是杜撰出来的,但是这酒倒是真的。 【习语】Truth is stranger than fiction. 现实比虚构更不可思议。

真理比幻想更奇特。

科学技术 医疗技术 现代的技术 高科技

17. technology : n. (U/C) 科技; 工艺

1 __________and technology ○

2 __________technology ○

7 ○2

○3 __________technologies ○4 ____________technology

1 The ship landed the goods at New York. 这船将货卸在纽约。 △ 卸货 eg. ○

2 A _____________gang landed the huge shipment on the Cornwall coast. ○5 ______________technology 信息技术 ○

科技日新月异。 ○6 Technology is _______________fast. 五人团伙在康沃尔海岸卸下这一大批货。

technological : adj. technologically : adv.

1 technological ___________________ ○

1 I landed a big trout. △ 钓上(鱼等) eg. ○

3

科技改革 科技进步 科技发展

2 One angler landed fish of 10 lb and 9 lb ________the same day. ○

○2 technological ___________________ ○3 technological ___________________

一名垂钓者在同一天分别钓到了10磅和9磅重的鱼。

△ 搞到;弄到;捞到

4

18. French : n. (U) 法语

eg. He landed a place on the __________ ___________scheme.

1 She will write a book report about it next week for her French class. 他在毕业生培训计划中赢得了一个位置。 eg. ○

100.

2 He was lucky to _____a good job. 他很幸运,找到一份好工作。 ○2 The French are good ________their cooking. 法国人擅长烹饪。 ○

○3 He speaks not only English but also French. 他不但会说英语,而且还会说法语。

○4 I've only______________ started learning French. 我是最近才开始学法语的。 ○5 This student is good at French.

这个学生法语好。

△ 给予(打击) eg. Richard landed him a _________on the left eye.

5

理查在他左眼上打了一拳。

△使陷于eg. Hunting without a license will land you _____trouble.

6

无证狩猎将会使你陷入麻烦。

1 __________/fall ________one's feet: 特别走运; 幸免于难 【搭配】◇

French : adj. 法国的; 法国人的; 法语的

1 Do you like French films? 你喜欢法国影片吗? eg. ○

确切含义: 你在经历了一些困难后最后又回到一个稳定的状态;逢凶化吉。

2 land a ____________: 打中; 击中 ◇

○2 It 's one of the best French restaurants in Boston. 这是波士顿最好的法国餐馆之一。

○3 He knows a few French words. 他知道一点法语词。

eg. She landed a blow on his chin(下巴).

19. pop : n. △(U) 流行音乐; 流行乐曲=pop music

1

eg. He likes pop; he doesn't care ____________classic music. 他喜欢流行歌曲,不喜欢古典音乐。 △ (C) (短促清脆的爆裂声) 砰

2

【词组】take French ___________: (BrE.) 擅离职位

【搭配】 ◇1 French ______( BrE)= green bean : 青刀豆; 四季豆 ◇2 French _________( AmE)=French window : 落地窗

法式色拉调料 ◇3 French _____________ : n.

◇4 French _____________ =French chips : n. 薯条 20. rock : n. △ (U) 摇滚乐=rock music

1

eg. The balloon burst _________a loud pop. 气球砰地一声爆炸了。 △ (单数) 爸; 爹

3

eg. "Pop, what are you talking about?" the son screams. “爸爸,你在说什么呀?”儿子惊叫起来。

A pop : adj. 流行音乐的; 通俗风格的 ?

1 I have _____interest in pop music. 我对流行音乐不感兴趣。 eg. ○

2 We've got many students study pop psychology in our school. ○

1 The 1970s were best known for rock music. eg. ○

20世纪70年代以摇滚乐而闻名。

2 Again, I'm not saying Tom was a rock star. ○

我们学校有很多学生学习通俗心理学。

3 a pop _______/_________/________/_________/______/________/video ○

必须重申,我不是说汤姆是个摇滚明星。

1

△ (U/C) 岩石; 礁石 (C) 碎石; 石子; 小石块

流行音乐乐队/音乐会/歌手组合/歌手/歌曲/歌星/音乐录像

4 pop __________________ ○

1米处。 通俗文化

【词组】____pop : (BrE.) 爆裂; 爆炸eg. The balloon went pop. B pop. (缩略)=population : 人口 eg. pop. 200,000 ?

C pop : △ v. (使) 发出砰砰声; (使)爆裂, 发出爆裂声 ?

1

1 The champagne cork popped when he pulled it out. eg. ○

他拔香槟酒的瓶塞时它砰的一声开了。

2 She jumped as someone popped a balloon behind her. ○

有人在她背后弄爆了一个气球,把她吓了一跳。

1 I'll 赶去) eg. ○

2 I must ○

2 (突然或匆匆)去; (迅速或突然)放置;突然出现;冷不防冒出 △

我得到面包店去(转一转)买一个面包来。

3 He seem to露面) ○

在他似乎绝不可能到的地方,他往往就在那里出现。

4 The window opened and a dog's head 探出) ○

5 An idea suddenly his head. (突然闪现) ○

1 pop _________: to die 一命呜呼; 翘辫子 【动词搭配】◇

1 He popped off last night and everyone was sad at the news. 2 He popped off a couple of shots to scare away the bear. ○

为了把熊吓走他开了几枪。

2 pop sth. _________: 穿(衣服); 开启(电器) ◇

eg. I'll just pop on a sweater and meet you outside.

101.

○4

1 He persuaded(劝说eg. ○○2 A band of robbers held up the train. △ (C) 一伙人; 一帮人

2

△ (C) 带; 箍

31 eg. ○

○2 1 eg. ○

○2 要不停地提醒自己, ○4 No one can live forever. ○3 It takes her forever to get dressed. ○5 I shall remember that happy day forever. △ (与动词进行时连用) 老是; 2

1 eg. ○

○2 ○3 He's forever mending his motorbike. 他不断修理他的摩托车。

7We can’t go abroad this year, so we’ll have to content ourselves with a holiday in London. ○

○4 John's forever asking silly questions like a stupid. 约翰像个笨伯一样老是问些愚蠢的问题。

1 Well, what did she actually say? eg. ○

我们今年不能出国,所以只好在伦敦度假了。

【注意】abroad是副词,不是名词,因此不能与 in, to,

【正】He went abroad last year. 他去年出国了。 【误】 He went to abroad last year. 【误】He went to the abroad last year.

【误】abroad 之前虽不能用 in, to 之类的介词,但可用介词from。

eg. He just came back from abroad. 他刚从国外回来。

1 at _________and abroad 国内外 【词组】◇

25. actually : adv. (在句中起强调作用) 真实地; 实际上 at等介词连用; 其前也不用冠词:

○2 It's not actually raining at the moment. ○3 That's the only reason I'm actually going.

4 There are lots of people there who can actually help you. ○

1______fact可作状语或表语, 可单独使用, 既 【注意】◇

可用于书面也可用于口语中, 相当于really和truly。

1 I thought Betty was in the garden, but in fact she was in her room. eg. ○

eg. He was famous, both at home and abroad.

2 be ___________abroad ◇

3 __________abroad传播 ◇

我以为贝蒂在花园,其实她在自己的房间里。

2 In fact the earth is actually a bit nearer to the sun during our winter. ○

感到莫明其妙

4 ____________abroad传开 ◇

在冬天地球离太阳实际上还要近一些。

尽管没有人相信, 但实际上玛丽确实考试及格了。

5 ___________abroad: 近邻国家 ◇6 ___________abroad: 在国外学习 ◇

○3 No one believed it, but in fact, Mary did pass her exam. ◇2 actually: adv. 有以下含义: 1. 实际上, 真的

1 Did you actually see him _____________the window? eg. ○

26. ever_________________ : 自从 (起副词作用)

2 I went to the U.S. in 1956 and lived there ever since. ○

1 I was bitten by a dog once and I've been afraid of them ever since. eg. ○

我1956年去了美国,从那以后就一直住在那。

你真的看到他打破窗户吗?

○2 She looks young, but she's actually 50. 她看上去年轻,可是实际上已五十岁了。

2. 竟然 eg. ○1 It was actually quite fun after all. 她一气之下竟然将信撕碎了。

ever since... : 自……以后; 从……起(起连词作用)

1 He's had a car ever since he was 18. eg. ○

2 He's been in _________________ever since she left him. ○

自从她离开他以来,他一直有麻烦。

自从我们在学校认识之后,我们就一直是好朋友。

4 I've been try to _______the pain ever since you left me. ○

3 We've been ____________ever since we met at school. ○2 She was ________angry that she actually tore up the letter. ○

27. fan : n. △ (C) 迷; 狂热的爱好者; 狂热的仰慕者

1

○1 __________fans : 电影迷

2 a big ______of : 狂热的仰慕者 ○ 自从你离开了我, 我一直在掩饰内心的伤痛。

102.

1 ever since引导从句时, 表达"自从"的意思; ○3 My boss is a ______________fan. 我的上司是一位足球迷。 【注意】◇

△ 风扇; 扇子

2 主句用现在完成时, 从句用一般过去时。

eg. Ever since he moved to London, I haven't seen him.

2 ever since不接从句, 用在句尾时, 所表达 ◇

eg. ○1 Please switch ___________the electric fan. 打开电扇。 我们的厨房里有台排气扇,用来消除油烟。

○3 Please turn the electric _______on. 请打廓电风扇。 ○4 She glanced shyly at him behind her fan. 她羞怯地从她的扇子后面看了他一眼。

2 We have an extractor fan in the kitchen to get rid of the smell of cooking. ○

的时间应在上文中交待出来或是听话者知道的那个时间,表 达"就从那时起, 一直到现在"。

她是个非常好的女人。

【搭配】ever so+ adj. /ever such a + n (单数) : 非常; 很; 确实

1 She's ever __________a nice woman. eg. ○

2 He looks ever________ smart. ○5 I'm a _________fan of soap operas TV. 我从不声张我是电视连续迷。 ○他的样子真帅。 这非常容易。 现代汉语 中国近代史 现代生活

28. southern : adj. 南方的

eg. ○1 He lives ________southern China. 他住在中国南部。

2 Only in the southern part of Taiwan ________I seen such scenery as this. ○

3 It's ever so easy. ○

29. modern: adj. 现代的; 当代的

1 ______________Chinese eg. ○

2 Modern Chinese history ○

3 modern ______________ ○

唯有在南台湾我才见过像这样的风景。

○3 Rice is the _________crop in most southern provinces. 稻子是大多数南方省份的主要作物。

○4 Do you prefer __________food or _____________food? 你喜欢北方的食物还是南方的食物?

1

4 Modern agriculture is spoiling our beautiful countryside. ○

现代农业正在破坏我们美丽的农村。

5 He can't adjust himself to the ________modern life in this big city. ○

30. success : n. △ (U) +_______

(doing) sth. 成功; 胜利; 发财; 成名

eg. ○1 What's the secret of your success? ○2 I had success in finding a job 在……没什么结果 ○3 Confidence is the key success. 成功的关键 ○4 They didn't . 一生取得很大成就 ○5 The plan will probably with little success. 难有成就

他无法适应这个大都市的现代生活的忙碌。

6 Her novel is __________life in modern London. ○

她的小说描写的是伦敦现代的生活。

7 Girls often shop ________modern clothes. ○

女孩子们经常去商店买时髦衣服。

7 This kind of furniture is modern ____________style.这种家具款式时髦。○ 8

△ (C) 成功的人或事 eg. ○1______a writer, he is a success.

2

2 The meeting held yesterday was a great ___________. ○ 很多现代人都长寿。 ○3 The party was a big success. ○4 She wasn't a success as a teacher. ○5 He's proud of his daughter's successes. 把……变成功

eg. He was determined(决心) to make a success of the business.

9 ○

10 It's more useful to learn _________ languages, such as ○

English and German, than Latin.

学习英语和德语等现代语言比学习拉丁语更为有用。

1 ______success does not usually occur(发生) early. 大器晚成。11 _____________is essential to modern men. 【比较】◇ ○

◇2 His new book was a ________success. 他新出版的书获得了巨大成功。 教育对于现代人十分重要。 【改错】◇1 你说服她改变主意了吗? 31. belong : vi. 属于; 归属

Did you have any success to persuade her to change her mind? {1} 表示适合在某处或放在某处,其后可根据情况选用不同

的介词(如 in, on, under等)或接副词。 belong 不用于进行时或被动式。 ◇2成功没有捷径。There's no shortcut to succeed.

eg. ○1 Where does this belong? 它应放在哪儿呢? 32. one another : 互相

2 The book belongs _______that shelf. 这本书应放在那个架子上。 eg. ○1 We should help one another. 我们应该互相帮助。 ○2 The members of the team support one another. 队员们相互支持。3 This chair belongs ________ the living room. 这把椅子应放在起居室里。○ ○

【辨析】one another与one after another 有时与介词 with 连用表示“与……在一起”。

{1} one after another 一个接一个地,一个又一个地。用作状语。 eg. A child belongs _______ its mother. 小孩应与母亲生活在一起。 eg. ○1 They _______the room one after another. 他们一个一个地离开了房间。 {2} 表示“属于”,通常与介词 to 连用。

2 We __________victories one after another. 我们取得了一个又一个的胜利。 eg. ○○1 Does this book belong to you? 这本书是你的吗? 3 Difficulties arose one after another [the other]. ○

2 The house belongs ________my grandfather. 这房子是我祖父的。○

问题一个一个地冒了出来。 {2} one after another: 有时用作主语。 eg. One after another stood up and went out.

{3} belong to可引申指“是……的成员”。

eg. ○1 What party do you belong to? 你是属于哪个党派的?

2 Do you belong to the tennis club? 你是网球俱乐部的吗? ○

103.

人们一个一个地站起来,走了出去。

【注】按传统语法,one after another 两者则用one after the other, 但在现代英语中, {3} one another: 作宾语=each other。

another [each other]. 大海与蓝天似乎融为一体。 {4} one another: 可以有所有格形式。

eg. Those two are a other’s+ homework. 【辨析】one another与each other

○2 other] in this seesion. {2} 两者均有所有格。

eg. T 他们都彼此了解对方的缺点。

eg. We helped each other.= 我们互相帮助。

another(如help each other){5} 这两个短语均不能用作主语。【判断正误】

eg. ○1 2 ○

{1} 一般认为 each other 指两者,one anothereg. ○1 We respect each other [one another]. {3} each other 可折开用 (each…the other), 而 {4} 汉语的“互相”是副词,但是英语中的 (如talk to each other, learn from one another 等)

eg. ○1 We each know what the other thinks. ○2 35. million : num. 一百万

{1} 前面用了数字时,不管带不带of○3 some million一百万左右 ○4 some millions2 five millionseg. ○1 five million五百万 ○

○5 ○6 She often listens to music_____the million. ○7 He was prepared to _________two million. ○8 Thanks ______million. 非常感谢 ○9 The three Dutch paintings fetched a million.

但是,当这些词后面的名词有了the, these, those或其后的接的是us, them 他们当中约有3,000,000人离开了那儿。

3○

4 The happiest are not those _______own all the best things, {2} 当这些词不与具体数字连用,而是表示不确定的泛指数 ○

时, 则不仅要要用复数, 而且要后接介词of,然后才能接名词。 but those _________can appreciate the beauty of life.

104.

eg. ○1 阳光灿烂,数以百万计的人躺在海滩上。

○2 一个粗心的错误使公司蒙受数百镑的损失。 ○3 His fortune was in the millions of dollars. ○4 He has millions of books. 他有许多许多书。

最幸福的人们并不一定什么都是最好,只是他们懂得欣赏生活的美好。

1 美容师 【短语】◇

2 选美比赛 ◇

3 美容术 ◇

4 美容业 ◇

5 _____________ <美>美容院 ◇

6 名胜,美人痣 ◇

7 打出一个好球 ◇

8 beauty ________________ 美容觉 ◇

9 睡美人 ◇

10 美丽只是外表。 ◇

11 Beauty is in the

of the beholder. ◇

情人眼里出西施。 健康和财富能创造美。 11 ◇

12 A thing of beauty is a joy for ever. 美的事物是永恒的喜悦。 ◇

13 _______________ 古色古香 ◇

37. introduce : v. {1} 介绍; 引见

【词组】◇1 look/feel like a million dollars :

看上去/感觉好极了

2_______in a million : 万里挑一的人/物;不同寻常的人/物 ◇

eg. He's a man in a million./ She is a kind woman in a million.

36. record [ `rek?: d] : n. △ (C) 唱片

1

eg. ○1 As a result of this meeting, he . 由于这次会议,他制作了他的第一张唱片。 ○2_______________a record : ○3 a record ___________________: ○4 a record ___________________:

播放唱片 收藏的唱片 唱片公司

△ (C) 记录; 记载+ of sth.

2

1__________________ a record of... : 记下; 记录下 ◇

eg. ○1 You should keep a record of your expenses. 你应该记下你的各项开支。

志愿者记录下他们一周所吃的所有食物。

○3 Keep a record of all the payments. 所有付款都要作记录。 2 __________________the record of... : 打破……的记录 ◇

eg. He did very well, but failed to break the record. 他做得很出色,但未破纪录。

3 ___________________the record of... : 保持……的记录 ◇

eg. She holds the world record for the 100 meters. 4 _________________a record of... : 创造……的记录 ◇

eg. He has just set a new record of the swimming.

◇5 _________record : 有记录/ _______record : 世界纪录 eg. Last summer was the wettest on record. 去年夏天是有记录以来降雨量最大的。 6 a record ___________________: 有人数记录 ◇

7 a record ____________:最高记录 ◇

主要用于介绍两个不认识的互相认识,或是向听众或观众宣 布并介绍演讲者或广播、节目等的细节。

eg. ○1 Allow me to introduce my wife. 让我介绍一下,这是我太太。

○2 It is my pleasure to introduce tonight’s speaker. 我很荣幸来介绍今晚的演讲者。

1 introduce A (_______________B) 【搭配】◇

3 introduce oneself to... 2 introduce A _______B ◇◇

○2 The volunteers kept a record of everything they ate for a week.

3 He introduced me to a Greek girl at the party. ○

4 She has introduced her boyfriend and me. ○

5 Can I introduced myself? I'm Helen Smith. ○

{2} 有时汉语中说“介绍”,其实是指“推荐”,此时应用

recommend,而不能用introduce。 eg. ○1 Can you recommend me a good novel? 你给我介绍一本好的小说行吗?

○2 Jamie sought out all inexpensive boarding-house recommended to him by a sailor aboard ship.

杰米找到了一个便宜的供膳宿舍,那是船上一名水手向他介绍的。

eg. There was a record number of candidates(候选人) for the post. {3} 经常听到有的人在表示“介绍情况”“介绍某学校”“介

绍某国家”“介绍某机构”等场合使用introduce,其实也是对introduce的误用。

【判断正误】1. 班上的同学互相介绍自己的国家。

eg. ○1 The students in the class introduced their own countries to each other.

eg. Unemployment has reached a record high.

8________ record : 过去的记录/_____record : 无记录 ◇

eg. There's no record of any marriage or children. 没有任何有关婚姻或子女的记载。

9___________/________record : 病例/ 牙科病例 ◇

10◇ equal /match a record : 平纪录

2 The students in the class told each other about their own countries. eg. Her past record counts against her. 她过去的经历对她不利。 ○

2. 现在我们的美国朋友要向大家介绍她自己的研究情况。 eg. ○1 Our friend from America will now introduce her research to us.

2 Our friend from America will now tell us about her research. ○

eg. The result will go on your medical records. 结果将记入你的病历。 3. 莎士比亚的戏剧向我们介绍了当时生活的许多情况。

eg. ○1 Shakespeare’s plays introduce to us a lot about contemporary life.

2 Shakespeare’s plays tell us a lot about contemporary life. ○

11◇ ___________record : 国家纪录 Asian record: 亚洲纪录

105.

record [ r?`k?: (r)d] : v. △ 录制; 录(音)

1eg. ○1 The broadcast was recorded, not ________. 这次广播是事先录音的,不是现场直播。 ○2 Did you remember to record 'Friends' for me? 你记得为我录下电视节目《朋友》了吗? △ 记录; 记载

2

2 ○

eg. ○1 I recorded the score in a notebook. 我在笔记本上记下了分数。 ○2 We record our thoughts and experience in diaries. 我们把自己的思想和经验记录在日记中。

○3 The thermometer recorded 40℃. 温度计上显示出40C. ○4 She has recorded several songs. 她已录了好几首歌。 ○5 We should record the events of the past.

○6 What became of him is not recorded. 他后来怎样没记载下来。

{4} 要表示把某人介绍给另一

人,可用introduce…to…这样的结构。【判断正误】 让我把我的朋友介绍给你。

eg. ○1 Let me introduce my friend to you. ( )

2 Let me introduce you my friend. ( ) ○

汉语中说“作自我介绍”,英语用 introduce oneself。 eg. ○1 Permit me to introduce myself. 请允许我介绍自己。

2 Excuse me, may I take the opportunity to introduce myself ○

38. line : n. △1 行; 排; 列

○2 They were stuck in a line of traffic. 他们塞在汽车长龙里面了。 ○3 stand/wait in line sth. 站队/排队等候 ○4 For as I said, there was ________ line. 就像我说的那样, 人们不排队。 ○5 Children clutching empty bowls ___________a line. 紧紧抓着空碗的孩子们排成一队。 △2 字行; 便条; 留言条

as an interpreter? 作为译员,我可以冒昧自我介绍一下吗? 只能用“及物动词+直宾+to+间宾”结构而不能用“及物动 词+间宾+直宾”结构 也就是说不能用introduce sb sth。

eg. ○1 The children all stood 孩子们全都站成一排。 【注意】explain,introduce等词,其后跟双宾语时,

二、本单元词组:

2. 爱丽丝梦游仙境

1. 金银岛

Treasure ______________ 3. 小妇人 Little ___________ 5. 鲁滨逊漂流记 6. 汤姆. 苏亚历险记 Tom ___________________ 9. 充满珠宝的岛

_________________________ 12. 成长;长大_____________ 14. 把它放下_____________ 16. 至少 ________________ 18. 读书报告_____________ 20. 两周后到期了 ________________________ 23. 带回_________________ 25. 失去了生命

______________________ 27. 做一艘小船 ______________________ 29. 带一把枪出去 ______________________ 31. 种水果和蔬菜

_________________________ 35. 一些食人肉者 ______________________ 37. 给我的狗取名Jerry

Alice in ______________________ 4. 雾都孤儿 Oliver ______________

情况的) 转折; 转变

eg. ○1 I can only remember the first two lines of that song. 2 【注】twist : (故事或 Robinson _________________

波特 Harry ___________

8. 出海 _________________

________________________

页________________________

19. 读得快______________

eg. ○1 Hang the clothes ______the line. 把衣服晾在绳子上。 17. 快点 _______________ ○2 She put her washing on the line. 她把洗好的衣物晾在绳子上。

○3 There is a piece of __________here. 这有一节钓线。 21. 以……为基础 _____________ ○4 The winds downed_________ lines. 风吹落了电线。 22. 在岛上 __________________ △5 电话线路;电话号码 {她是在波士顿家中打电话。} eg. ○1 She's _________the line from her home in Boston. ○3 It's not a very good ________. Shall we call you back Susan? 电话线路不太好。苏珊,我们再打给你好吗? 6△ 皱纹 eg. She has fine lines _____________her eyes.

24. 失去了一切 ______________________ 28. 砍伐树木

______________________ 30. 猎杀……为食 ______________________ 33. 发现……迹象 34. 在沙滩上人的足迹 36. 一艘破损的船

○2 The telephone lines went ______. 电话断线了。 26. 放弃做某事___________________

三、知识小贴士: A. 美国乡村音乐

乡村音乐 (Country music), 又称“乡村与西部音乐”(Country and Western), 是当代音乐的一种风格形式。其根源可追溯 认田纳西州纳什维尔地区是乡村音乐的故乡,并肩有专门的

至上世纪20年代,起源于美国南部与阿帕拉契山区,人们公 ______________________

106.

______________________ 38. 一块土地 40. 科幻小说

______________________ _______________________ 45. 在乐队中

______________________ 47. 对……有所了解 50. 在国外学习 ______________________ 52. 回家_______________ 53. 通过收音机 55. 逐渐意识到

______________________ 58. 美国乡村音乐的歌迷 59. 现代生活

_______________________

61. 对彼此和善 63. 人生中最美好的东西 ______________________

______________________ ______________________ 41. 科学与技术

______________________ 43. 有点无聊_____________ 44. 演奏流行乐曲 ______________________ 46. 听起来更像摇滚乐 ______________________ 49. 与某人因某事争辩 _________________________ 51. 充满情感的一首歌 ______________________ 54. 想起某人的家人和朋友 _________________________ 56. 自那时起_____________ 57. 南部各州_____________ _________________________ 60. 美好的过去时光 _________________________ 62. 相信彼此

_______________________ 64. 大自然的美丽

_________________________ 66. 对……做一些研究 _______________________ _________________________ _________________________ 71. 其他什么事实

________________________ 73. 弄清关于……的事情 _________________________ 75. 在……享受成功 ______________________ 77. 在大城市里生活 ________________________ 79. 在一天结束的时候 _________________________ 81. 学法语词汇

______________________ 83. 买一张音乐CD唱片 ________________________

39. 把…已落在后; 遗忘; 留下

42. 等不及要做某事

______________________

______________________

_______________________ _______________________ 65. 一天_____________ 67. 乡村音乐名人堂博物馆 68. 乡村音乐会 69. 在美国历史上 ______________________ ______________________ 74.在歌曲中的第一行 76. 在某人身上看起来好 ______________________ 78. 如此饿以至于 _____________________ ______________________ 82. 上法语课程

Country Music Hall of ______________Museum

70. 看某人现场演唱

72. 首次成功

_______________________

80. 参加读书俱乐部

______________________

四、完成短文: A. Tom Sawyer

107.

108.

10. My shoe is here, but where is ____________? A. the others B. the other A. come A. been to

C. another one B. arrived B. go to

C. got C. gone to

D. other D. been D. been in A. died D. has died

12. How long have you _____________here? 14. He is not at home, he has___________ Jiefangbei. 16. His grandpa__________ since 2000. B. has been death

C. has been dead

11. Do you have __________to say?

A. anything other C. else anything A. for, at

B. at, with B. been, arrived B. never B. Look down B. Yes, I have.

B. something else D. anything else C. at, for C. arrived, been C. already C. Turn down C. No, I have.

D. for, at D. got, been D. yet D. Put down D. No, I don’t.

13. Hurry up, your mother is waiting ______the bus stop______ you. 15. She _________in Chongqing 5 days ago, she has______ in Chongqing for 5 days. A. arrived, arrived

A. neither A. Cut down

— Not ______. I will do them in a minute.

19. ___________ your name on the paper and you can get a magazine. 21. —Have you ever read English novels? —__________ 23. —What kind of show do you like?

—Oh, I like the show which is going out __________. A. alive

B. live

C. living

D. living

25. Beijing __________ a lot in the past ten years. Now it has

become one of the biggest modern ___________in the world.

B. changed; city D. changed; cities B. No, there will. D. Yes, there be

B. speaking

C. to speak

D. speak in

A. changes; cities

18. —Which dress do you like best, Madam? (2012· 呼和浩特 —Sorry, I can’t decide _________now. A. to buy which one B. buy which one

C. which one to buy

D. which I should buy it

20. —Why don’t you read today’s newspaper? (2012·河北) —Because there’s _________ in it. A. nothing interesting C. interesting something A. leaves for A. other

B. is leaving for B. another

B. anything interesting D. interesting anything C. left to C. the other

D. is leaving to D. others

A. Yes, I do.

22. He does business in Shanghai. He_____Shanghai the day after tomorrow.

24. Lily and her sister look the same. I can’t tell one from _______.(2012·山东济宁)

26. In our school library there _______ a number of books on science, and in C. has changed; cities these years the number of them _________ growing larger and larger. A. are; is A. to work

B. is; are B. work

C. have; are C. works

D. has; is D. working

28. Let’s keep __________ hard until we succeed.

30. —I feel very lonely. My friend, Arthur, has gone to Paris for holiday. —Really? When ______ he ________ there? A. will; go

B. is; going

C. has; gone B. so C. will teach C. was

D. did; go C. too D. to D. taught D. did

A. Yes, there won’t C. Yes, there will A. speak B. how to do A. very

27. —Will there be fewer trees? —__________. (2013·贵州安顺)

29. Our teacher often tells us _________ to the old politely. 31. Nobody told us ___________.

C. where to do B. so that B. has been to

A. what to do it D. when to do it

D. that

D. went

32. The soccer match was ________exciting that everyone was 33. Tom runs fast _________ he can catch the dog. cheering and jumping. A. very A. was teaching A. do

B. has taught B. have

C. so

C. goes

34. Ben is a foreign teacher. So far, he _________ in Taian for five years.

35. Mr. Wang isn’t here. I think he _________ Guiyang. A. has gone to

36. —Have you ever been to Beijing? — Yes, I _________. 37. —Have you ever been to Shanghai? —Yes, I _________ there last year.

A. went B. have been A. have; bought

B. did; buy

C. have gone D. has been C. are; bought

D. were; getting

D. will see D. the other D. has left

38. —Where is your father? A. has been to; has been in C. has been in; has been to A. happens

B. will happen

39. —I’ve just got a new MP4. —Where ________ you _______ it? —In a shopping mall near here. B. has gone to; has been in D. has gone to; has been to C. happened

D. has happened

40. —Will you go and see the movie Net Mother with me? —Thank you. But I _________ it already. A. saw A. another

D. need

A. has been to C. is; are

A. used to drink; is used to drinking

B. have seen B. some other B. has gone to

C. see C. other C. has been away D. are; are

—He _____ Australia and he _______ Sydney for two weeks.

41. I began watching here an hour ago, but now nothing ____________ yet. 43. —Look! A book is on the floor. Whose is it? —It __________ be Rick’s. It has his name on it. A. mustn’t A. is; is

B. can’t

C. must B. are; is

42. It’s sometimes hard to tell one twin from _________.

44. —Hello, may I speak to Mr. Smith? —Sorry, he isn’t in. He ________ the office.

45. —A number of volunteers _______willing to teach in China’s rural areas. —Yes, the number _______getting bigger and bigger. 46. Her son ________ coke, but now he __________ milk.

109.

B. used to drinking; drinks A. belonged to A. Hong long

C. is used to drinking; used to drink

B. was belonging to B. How many

C. was belonged to C. How much

A. just

D. is used to drink; is drinking

D. had been belonged to

D. How often C. Have, readed B. yet C. When C. to read C. at 10 Page C. anything C. lost, lost C. else, got

C. is named C. play the C. in

C. already

D. Do, read D. before D. What D. reads D. on 10 Page D. nothing D. lost, lose D. else, arrived

D. named with D. plays the D. on

47. He took up my cell phone and made a long distance call as if the phone ____________him. 48. —_________ have you lived with your grandparents? —About three years.

49. —_________ you ________ Little Women yet? —Yes. It’s interesting. A. Did, read B. Have, read 50. —Could you see the film Iron Man 3 ? —No, thanks. I have _______ seen it. 51. —_________ do you think of the book? —It’s fantastic. 52. I haven’t finished __________ the classic. 53. Please look at your book __________.

54. I’m hungry because I had _________ for breakfast. 55. Although he ________ everything, he hasn’t ________ his life. 56. —Where ________ has he __________ ? —Japan. A. others, to

B. the others, towards

A. How A. reading A. Page 10 A. things A. has lost, lost

A. other, got C. other, to A. named A. play A. to like A. A number, are C. feel, listening

C. used to fighting over

C. full of feeling A. didn’t see A. is

C. cheap A. like A. look well A. up, went A. In the end A. has A. How, about B. the home

B. think of B. look good B. up, went to B. By the end B. is B. What, about C. the home of B. other place B. saw B. belong to B. has the name B. plays B. likes B. The number, is B. Where B. read B. on Page 10 B. something B. loses, lost B. other, arrived

57. Two of the five men died, ___________ are running __________ the bank(岸上). 58. He ___________ the land America. 59. Liu Wei __________ piano with his feet.

60. His songs are popular __________ people from all over the world. 61. She looks ____________ his mother.

62. ________ of population of China ________ 1.3 billion. A. to feel, hearing A. used to fighting A. full with feelings 67. Success __________ us. A. free

B. to feel, listening to B. used to fight over B. filled of feelings

B. expensive

D. another, towards

A. with B. to

C. more like D. much like C. A number, is D. The number, are

D. used to fight

D. filled with feeling C. doesn’t see C. are D. best C. think C. looks good C. on, goes C. have

D. think over D. looks well D. on, goes to D. has D. hasn’t seen D. belongs to

D. feel, listening to

63. How does the music make you __________ when you are ___________ it? 64. Sarah ____________ almost everything with her family. 65. She saw a film __________ about returning home. 66. Ever since then, he ___________ his mother.

68. The country is very rich. Everything there is ___________ for its people. They don’t use money. 69. —What do you _________ the picture? —It’s beautiful. 70. —This dress ___________ on you. —Thank you. 71. She grew __________ in China, but later she __________ abroad. 72. __________ of the story, the writer showed his own opinion. 73. The number of records he has sold _________ 3000. 74. —________do you feel ______ her music?—It’s boring. 75. West Lake is ___________ tea. A. the country of 76. —___________ do you want to go? —Xi’an. A. to

A. reading, other

B. towards B. read, other

C. At the end D. At the beginning C. How, like D. What, on D. the home with C. What else D. away from D. reading, another C. is staying

D. has stayed D. Where else

A. Where other

C. away

77. The policeman held a gun and ran ___________ the museum quickly as soon as he got a call. 78. I will finish ________ the book in _________ 10 minutes.

C. reading, others

A. stays B. stayed

79. Henry speaks Chinese very well. He _________ in China since 2002. A. Have, done, are leaving

B. Have, done, left

80. —___________ you ___________ your chores? We __________ in an hour. —Yes. I’ve done some of them.

C. Did, do, shall leave

D. Are, doing, will leave

110.

81. —Has your mother washed the dishes at home __________? —Yes. She washed them ten minutes ago. A. ever A. yet, yet A. Yes, I have A. just then A. waited

B. already B. yet, already B. No, I haven’t B. just now B. will wait

C. yet C. already, already C. Yes, I did C. yet C. am waiting A. some day A. wear

B. some days B. put on B. cost

D. still

D. already, yet

D. No, I didn’t D. already D. was waiting C. everyday C. take D. will go

D. can do it tomorrow C. returns; to

D. has cleaned D. can’t

D. had been away

D. In 2006

C. improved D. improves D. has lost

B. give in B. catch up with B. looks like B. cheered up B. establish B. Bike B. set up B. come up with B. call B. will take

C. give away D. give off C. think up D. keep in touch with C. looks for C. set up C. build

C. A food bank

C. cheer up C. catch up C. calling C. will pay

D. follows D. looked up D. put up D. Repair bikes

D. use up D. help, to D. catch up with D. call up D. will cost D. sells; to

D. every day D. spend

C. have on D. dress

82. —Have you packed the beach towels __________ ? —Yes, I have _________ packed them. 83. —Haven’t you seen the film yet? —____________. I’ve learned a lot about it.

84. — Bill hasn’t finished reading Treasure Island yet. What about you? — I’ve read it twice. 85. —Mum, it's so late. Why are you still here? —86. I hope to go to Australia.You know I was born there. 87. The child isn’t old enough tohimself.

88. Digital cameras are becoming more popular, but some still A. pay A. has been A. have no time

B. has gone

B. haven’t watered them

C. went

89. —Where is your father, Jenny? I can’t find him. —to Shanghai on business. He will come back in a week. 90. —Could you please water the flowers in the garden? —.

C. have watered them A. borrows; from

B. lends; to

A. looked for; find A. cleans A. mustn’t A. has left A. A long time ago

B. looked for ; finding B. cleaned B. needn’t to B. had left

B. Since two years

it.

C. have found; look C. is cleaning C. don’t have to C. has been away C. For about a year

D. have found; looking

93. Amy __________ the windows already, so the room looks much brighter. 94. You ____________ buy the TV guide for next week. I have already bought a copy. 96. —How long have you been a league member? —97. The parents encouraged their daughter A. improving B. to improve A. hasn’t appeared

B. has come

C. hasn’t spoken A. give up A. keep up with A. looks after A. repaired A. set off A. clean up A. come up

C. play football A. calling up A. will send

yet. He must have something important to do. 100. __________ __________

103. They’re going to _____________ 107. We need to a plan. Let’s have lunch first. 108. —What do you like doing? — A. play the football

B. playing football

109. —What is she doing? —110. The volunteer work

104. —Where would you like to work? —. A. School work 106. I’m very busy. I’d like totheir school work. A. help, to

B. helping, to C. help, with

D. play the football

A. want, left B. will want, leaves C. wants, leaves D. will want, will leave

111.

112. Jim spends every Sunday morning in an animal hospital. A. working B. looking 114. ___________ a volunteer is great.

116. Don’tthe meeting. Because it’s important. 117. —What is Jim doing? —money.

A. clean A. Being A. plan to A. put off A. repair A. ran out

B. cheers B. Be B. will plan to B. put away B. repairing B. ran out of

C. reading C. cheer C. To be C. will plan C. put on C. repaired C. run out of

D. walking D. cleans D. To being D. plan D. put up D. repairs D. ran out

六、翻译句子: 1. 我很外向, 我跟我的父亲很像。

I’m outgoing. I my father. 3. 她每个星期天弹钢琴。

She every Sunday 2. 为什么不考虑把会议延期呢?

Why not consider 4. 我不但会唱歌而且会跳舞。

___________ ____________ can I sing but also I can dance.

5. 他过去常吃面条,但现在习惯吃水饺。He used dumplings. 6.《雾都孤儿》是关于一个男孩出海,并发现了一个充满宝藏的岛屿(的故事)。

Olive Twist is about a boy_______ goes______ to_______ and finds an island ________ ________ _____________. 7. 你已经决定英语课写哪本书了吗? 8. 它是关于四姐妹成长的故事。

It's about four _________ __________ _________.

Have you_________ yet ___________book to write _______for English class?

9. 它真的很好,所以我爱不释手。

It was_________ good, so I couldn't _______it ________.

10. 你应该快点。读书报告两周后必须交。You should _______ _______. The _______ ________is _______in two weeks. 11. 我们已把教室打扫干净。教室到处都很干净、整齐。 We __________ already _________ the classroom. It’s clean and tidy everywhere. 12. 我已经看完这部电影。I _________ _________ the movie already.

13. 这支钢笔我只用过三次。它仍然是好的。

I ___________ ___________ this pen only three times. It is still good.

14. 我的叔叔是一位作家,自从1990年以来他已经写了10多本书了。 16. 我甚至学会了种植水果和蔬菜。

My uncle is a writer He __________ _________ more than ten books since 1990.

15. 我已经砍倒了树木,建造了房子。

I'm _______ ________to _________fruit and ___________. I have already ________ ________trees and built a house. 17. 几周前,我在沙子上发现了另一个人的脚印。A few weeks ago, I _________the _______of another man's feet ________the sand. 18. 你喜欢那种音乐?What ______ _______music do you like? 20. 很多人去过万里长城。

________ number of _______have been to the Great Wall.

19. 这个乐队的人数是五个人。

___________ ________ of the band ______(be) five. 21. 你去过北京吗? Have _________ ___________ to Beijing?

23. 拉是一个青少年的时候, 她常常因几乎所有的事与她的家人争吵。

When Sarah was a ___________, she used to ___________ __________almost everything with her family. 22. —你爸爸在吗?—他去了北京。

—Where is your father? —He _________ _________ to Beijing.

24. 她逐渐意识到,事实上她是多么思念他们所有的人。 She came to____________ how much she ____________missed all of them. 25. 然而,乡村音乐带给我们回到善待彼此、信任彼此的“过去的好时光”。

However, country music _______us_______ to the "good________ _________"when people were ____________to each other and ___________one__________. 26. 莎拉还没去过纳什维尔, 但有一天能去那里是她的梦想。

Sarah hasn't _________ _________Nashville yet, it's her __________to go there ________day.

27. 加思是美国历史上最成功的音乐家之一。 Garth is _____of the most ______________musicians in __________history. 29. 鲁宾逊用枪杀动物和鸟喂食。 Robinson ____________animals and birds for food with guns. 30. 你还有什么要说的?

31. 我看他在尽力杀死来自破船上的两个人。 32. 他迫不及待地到达陆地。

33. 你能想象100年后世界将会是什么样子?

You can imagine what the world ___________ _________ __________ in 100 years. 34. 一首乡村歌曲永远改变了她的人生。

A country music song ________ _______ _________forever.

35. 自从那时起, 她就是刘欢的歌迷。

E_______ since then, she has been a _________ of Liu Hua.

________ __________ do you want to say?

I saw him __________ to kill the two men from the ___________ ship. He _________ __________to ___________on the land.

112.

Unit 9. Have you ever been to a museum?

一、单词详解:

1. amusement : n. (U) 可笑, 娱乐, 愉快

△ amusement ______: 游乐场 eg. go to an amusement park

游戏机厅, 电动游乐场 △ ____________arcade :

△ ________one's amusement : 掩盖笑出声来

123

二、本单元词组归纳:

1.谈论过去的经历 talk about past _____________________ 2. 一家科技馆 _____________________________ 3. 国家科技馆 ____________________________ 4. 太空博物馆 ____________________________ 5. 历史博物馆 ____________________________ 6. 艺术博物馆 ____________________________ 7. 在水上公园 ____________________________

____________________________ 8. 游乐场

eg. She could not hide her amusement at the way he was dancing.

△ _______one's amusement : 使某人感到好笑的是

4

eg. To my amusement, he couldn't get the door open.

△ ___________amusement : 愉悦地; 高兴地

5

9. 去不同的某个地方 _________________________

A amuse: v. (常用被动式) to make sb. laugh or smile 逗乐, 逗笑 10. 乘地铁 ____________________________ ○

1 This will amuse you. eg. ○____________________________ △ amuse sb. 11. 去滑冰

2 My funny drawings amused the kids. ○____________________________ 12. 成就了彩色电影

____________________________ △ amuse sb. ___________do sth. 13.在山里露营

eg. It amused him to think that they were probably talking about 14. 搭帐篷 ____________________________ him at that very moment. ____________________________ 15. 有关于……的信息

____________________________ △ amuse oneself: 自娱自乐 16. 以这样快速的方法

eg. Her eyes twinkled (闪耀) with amusement.

123

17. 下棋 _______________ 18. 相信某人自己的眼睛

B amused: adj. 逗乐的, 觉得好笑的 ____________________________ ○19. 很多不同种类的马桶

_______________________________________ △ be amused _________/by sth.

eg. ○1 There was an amused look _____her face. 20. 马桶的历史和发展 ____________________________

2 We were all amused ________ his stories. ○____________________________ 21. 鼓励某人去做某事 3 I was amused ______his funny action. ○____________________________ 22. 社会群组

____________________________ △ be amused to see, find, learn ect. 23. 一个休闲和宁静的地方

eg. He was amused to see how seriously she took the game. ____________________________ 24. 茶艺表演

eg. I'm sure I'll be able to amuse myself for a few hours.

12

C amusing: adj. funny and enjoyable 逗人笑的,有趣的,好笑的 ○

25. 沏完美的一杯茶 ________________________ eg. ○1 She writes very amusing letters. ________________________________ 26. 一套美丽的茶具

2 I didn't find the joke _____all amusing. ○________________________________ 27. 与……一样令人愉快 3 an amusing story / game/incident (事件) ○____________________________ 28. 热爱饮茶

____________________________ 2. somewhere : adv. =some.place (AmE.) 在/到某处 29. 收集茶具

eg. ○1 I've seen him ______________before. ____________________________ 30. 几次

2 Can we go ______________warm? ○____________________________ 31. 德国绘画 3 I've already looked there—it must be 32. 迪斯尼人物 ○____________________________

____________________________ △ ________somewhere : 或在某个地方(不太确定) 33. 在卡通片中

eg. He went to school in Beijing or somewhere. ____________________________ 34. 一个特殊的主题

____________________________ △ somewhere or __________: 在某个……地方 35. 迪斯尼主题

eg. They live somewhere or other in France. ____________________________ 36. 乘船兜一段风

____________________________ somewhere : pron. 某地 37. 一艘迪尼斯游艇

eg. ○1 We need to find somewhere to( a place to) live. ____________________________ 38. 兵马俑

2 I know somewhere we can go. ○____________________________ 39. 鸟巢

____________________________ 【词组】 △ __________somewhere: 有进展 40. 故宫

△ somewhere __________/between ect. sth. 大约...,...左右 41. 尝试中餐 ____________________________ eg. It cost somewhere around two thousand dollars. 42. 花时间去表达(反馈) _________________________________

12

1

2

113.

3. camera : n. 照相机, 摄影机, 摄像机

___________________________ 43. 来自中国的游客

___________________________ eg. ○1 Just ______the camera (对准照相机) and press the button. 42. 在东南亚

2 Cameras started clicking(喀嚓喀嚓) as soon as she stepped out of the car. 43. 在一方面……, 在另一方面…… ○

3 a _______/video camera电视/摄像机 ○

1

4 a camera ________摄制组 ○ _______________________________________

【词组】 △ _____ camera : (law律) 秘密的, 不公开地

eg. The trial (审判) was held in camera.

44. 只讲普通话 ___________________________

45. 一个讲英语的国家

______________________________________

△ __________camera : 在摄制中, 在电视上播放 eg. Are you prepared to tell your story on camera?

2

1

2

_________________________ 46. 食草动物

4. invent : vt. △ 发明, 创造 △ 编造, 捏造, 虚构 47. 一次摘苹果之行

____________________________________ eg. ○1 Who invented the steam engine (蒸汽机)?

2 Thomas Edison invented many things in his life. ○

48. 一个暖人心扉的故事

________________________________________

eg. ○1 What excuse did he invent this time?

2 Many children invent an imaginary friend. ○

49. 了解了一些发明

_______________________________________

_____________________________

5. invention : n. △ (U) 发明, 创造;创造力

1

○1 Such changes have not been seen since the invention of the printing press. 50. 中国以外

2 John was full of___________—always making up new ideas. ○

2

_____________________________ 51. 尝试新食物

△ (C) 发明物, 创意 52. 夜间野生动物园 ______________________________ eg. ○1 Fax machines were a wonderful invention at that time. 53. 在白天期间 ______________________________ 2 I learned about the inventions that led _______color movies, too. _________________________________ ○54. 睡着

_______________/_________________ △ (C/U) 虚构, 编造, 虚构的故事 55. 醒来/醒着的

eg. ○1 The story is completely an invention. 56. 在一个更自然的环境中 A invent________: n. (C) 发明家 ____________________________________ ○

B invent________ : adj. 善于创新的; 有创意的 __________________________ ○57. 全年

6.___believable : adj. △ 难以置信的,非常好/坏/极端的 58. 靠近赤道 __________________________ eg. ○1 The cold was unbelievable. 59. 印度食品 __________________________

2 Conditions living here are unbelievable. __________________________ ○60. 在黑暗中 3 We had an unbelievable time in Paris. ○三、单元小测试:

3

1

1. Where _________you________, John? I'm looking for you everywhere.

A. have; been

B. have; been to D. Did; go to B. has; gone to D. has; been in C. have forgotten

D. have left

eg. ○1 It's unbelievable that they have permitted this here.

○2 It's unbelievable that technology has progressed in such a rapid way! C. have; gone

△ 不真实的, 难以相信的

2

2. How long ________your father _________Shanghai? C. has; been to A. left B. forgot A. ago B. before

eg. I found the whole story bizarre(荒诞不经), not to say unbelievable. A. did; come

7. progress: n. (U) 进步, 进展, 进程

eg. ○1 to make ________/ steady/ ________ /_______ progress 进展缓慢/平稳/迅速/良好

2 to make __________/ __________/ technical progress ○

3. I _________my watch in my bedroom yesterday. 4. She has worked in the factory__________.

C. never D. ever C. before D. a moment ago

B. changed; good D. changed; better C. have known D. knew

5. Have you met Mr. Li ____________?

取得经济的/科学的/技术的进步

3 We have made great progress ________study. ○

4

工程极度报告) A. just B. ago ○

【词组】_____—Yes. I hope it will be even ___________.

eg. ○1 Work on the new offices is now in progress.

2 Please be quiet—examination in progress. ○

A. has changed; well C. has changed; better A. know B. had known

progress: v. △ 进步, 改进, 进展 △ 前进, 行进

1

2

7. We __________ Xiao Li since she was a little girl.

eg. ○1 The course allows students to progress ________their own speed.

2 Work _______the new road is progressing slowly. ○

8. Harry Potter is a very nice film. I _________it twice.

114.

eg.○1 The line of traffic progressed slowly t_________ the town.

2 There wasn't much traffic so we made good progress. ○

A. will see B. have seen C. saw D. see

9. —__________you________ your homework yet? —Yes. I __________it a moment ago. A. Did; do; finished C. Have; done; have finished A. has gone

B. Have; done; finished D. will; do; finish

8. rapid : adj. (usually before noun) 迅速的, 快速的

2 rapid_________迅速的增长 eg. ○1 rapid ________迅速的改变 ○3 a rapid rise _______sales ○

销售额的急剧上升

4 The patient made __________ recovery. (恢复) ○ 10. Miss Green isn't in the office. She __________to the library. A rapidity : n. (U) 增长 ○

B. went C. will go D. has been

A. Have; gone D. Had; gone B. visited D. is visiting

B. came to C. has been in

eg. China has the rapidity of economic growth now.

B rapidly : adv. 迅速地, 快速地 ○

11. —___________ you ever ___________ to an aquarium? —Yes, we had a good time there. B. Had; been C. Have; been

A. have visited C. was visiting A. has come to

eg. Crime figures(数字) are rising rapidly.

9. unusual: adj. 特别的, 不寻常的, 罕见的;与众不同的

eg. ○1 It's unusual _________the trees to flower (开花) so early.

2 She has a very ____________name. ○

3 I've recently been to a very unusual museum in India. ○

4 The clothes here have many unusual colors. ○

1

12. I ___________ my grandpa last Sunday.

13. She __________ Shanghai for a month.

14. Mr. Hu died last year. He ________for several months already. 10.toilet: n. (C) △ 厕所,卫生间,盥洗室( bathroom AmE.)

A. has been dying B. has died eg. ○1 Every flat has its own bathroom and toilet.

2 Who's in the toilet? 4 ____________toilets 公共厕所

C. has been dead D. died ○○

5 Could you tell me where the ladies' toilet is, please? ○

15. Fanny __________ TV at this time last Saturday. A. has watched

B. was watching C. watched

16. —Have you __________ been to our town before? —No, it's the first time I __________ here. A. even, have come C. ever, have come A. borrowed A. already A. been to A. So do I

B. lent B. ever

B. ever, come D. even, come

C. kept C. yet

D. bought D. since

△ 坐便器, 抽水马桶

2

1 a toilet ________: 马桶座圈 ○

2 Have you flushed (冲) the toilet? eg. ○

3 I need to go to the toilet(= use the toilet). (BrE.) ○

B toilet _______: 香皂 A toilet_______: 卫生纸,手纸 ○○

eg. a roll of toilet paper eg. The toilet soap smells good. C toilet _________: 花露水 D toilet ______: 手纸卷 ○○

11. encourage : vt. △ 鼓励, 支持, 激励 △ encourage sb. ________sth.

1

1

17. May ___________ the book for two weeks. 18. We haven't seen the film ___________. 19. Mary isn't here. She has ________the shop.

B. went to C. gone to D. /

B. So have I D. Either do I

B. Me, neither B. Yes, I haven't B. gone B. Neither B. never B. both

C. all

C. So do I C. Yes, I have C. went C. All C. neither D. each

20. —I have never heard of the news. —__________.

△ encourage sb. __________do sth.

2

eg. ○1 Banks actively encourage people to borrow money.

2 Music and lighting are used to encourage shoppers to buy more. ○

△ encourage sb. __________sth.

3

eg. We were greatly encouraged by the positive(积极的) response of the public. C. Neither have I

A encouraging : adj. 乐观的, 鼓舞的, 振奋的 ○

21. —I don't want to watch TV. —___________. A. Me, too A. No, I have A. been A. Both A. ever A. either

22. —Have you ever seen the film? —__________ 23. Have you ever_________ to a watch park? 24. _________of my parents likes music. 25. Have you __________heard about the story? 26. There are shops on ___________sides of the street.

eg. ○1 This month's unemployment figures (失业统计数字) are

not very encouraging.

2 You could try being a little more encouraging. ○

B encouragingly : adv. 鼓舞地, 令人振奋地 ○

eg. ○1 to smile /nod encouragingly

2 Your words were encouragingly high. ○

12. social : adj. 社会的, 交际的, 联谊的

2 social class: 社会阶层 eg. ○1 social problems /reforms (改革) ○3 a call for social and economic change ○

4 a busy _____________life ○

5 __________a child's social skills ○

繁忙的社交生活 培养孩子的交际能力

115.

B social __________ : 27. His father_________ the Party since 1978. A social ____________: 社会科学 ○○

C social _______: 社会福利工作 A. joined C. was in D. has joined 社会科学家 B. has been in ○

△ socially: adv. 社交场合地 △ society : n. 社会 28. —How long have you __________here? —About two months.

1

2

eg. We meet at work, but never socially

eg. Their daughter married into (上层社会)

A. been A. has begun A. is

B. gone B. had begun B. has

C. come C. has been on C. will B. have been to D. have gone in

D. arrived D. began D. was

29. Hurry up! The play __________for ten minutes. 30. It _________ten years since he left the army. 31. My parents _________Shandong for ten years.

13. peaceful : adj. △ 好和平的, 寻求和平的,不爱争吵的

1

2 a peaceful _________: 和平解决 eg. ○1 a peaceful society ○3 The aims of the organization are wholly peaceful. ○

△ 安静的, 平静的, 安宁的

2

eg.○1 a beautiful peaceful evening

2 He has a peaceful life. ○A. have been in C. have gone to A. has come here C. has lived there

3 It's so peaceful out here in the country. ○

A peacefully : adv. eg. The baby slept peacefully. ○

B peacefulness : n. (U) ○

C peace : n. (U) 和平, 太平 ○

1 _____and peace : 战争与和平 eg. ○

2 a peace______: 和平会谈 ○

5 a _______ peace : 永久和平 ○

7 be _______peace : 公平相处 ○

9 leave sb. ________peace : ○

32. His uncle ___________for more than 9 years.

B. has started to work D. has left the university

3 _______peace : 议和 33. —Do you like this_______________trip very much? ○

4 ______the peace : 维护和平 ○

6 _______in peace : 和平相处 ○

8 have some peace and quiet ○

—Yes, we had a good time there. A. appled-picking B. apple-picked A. have visited

C. apple-picking

B. visited

C. was visiting

34. I __________ my grandpa last Sunday.

35. I ________how much you will be able to do in the future.

别打搅某人

10 peace of _______: 心里踏实 eg. He just wants to be left in peace. ○

1

B. know C. want 【词组】 △ _________one's peace : 忍不住说, 保持缄默 A. wonder

△ ________(one's) peace with sb. : (经道歉)与人和解, 言归于好 36. Lu Xun ___________ more than fifty years ago. D peace.______________ : 维护和平 A. died B. has died C. has been dead ○

E peace—__________: 37. He ________newspapers at this time last Saturday. 爱好和平的 ○

F peace.___________ : A. has read B. was reading C. read 调解人, 调停人 ○

G peace.___________: 和平时期 38. —Do you know our town at all? —No, this is the first time I ______here. ○

A. was B. have been C. came 14. performance : n. △ (C) 表演; 演出

2

1

2 an evening performance eg.○1 The performance starts at seven. ○3 a performance of Lang Lang's piano ○

4 __________performances : 现场演出 ○

5 give the greatest performance of one's life ○

39. —Have you been to our town________? —No, it's the first time I ___________here. A. yet; come

A. gone

B. before; have come

B. been

C. ever; came C. visited

40. —Have you ever __________Dandong before? —No, I haven’t.

6 tea art performances ○7 the performing arts: 表演艺术 ○

A perform_____ : n.(C) 表演者,演出者, 演员 41. —I enjoy ice skating. —___________. ○

B perform : v. △ 表演; 演出 A. I do so. B. So I do. C. So do I. ○

42. —I have__________ been to U.S.A. —Neither has Jim. eg. ○1 The play was first performed in 1987.

1

2 I'm looking forward to hearing you perform _______the flute. (笛子) ○A. never B. ever

B. more than 30

C. already C. more 30 than

△ 做, 履行, 执行

2

43. My teacher is __________years old. A. 30 more than A. exercise

44. You can rent a bike if you want to get some ___________.

B. exercises C. exrecising

C. traveled

45. I’ve never ____________other countries.

A. traveled B. traveled to

eg. ○1 She performs an important role ______our organization.

2 A computer can perform many tasks at once. ○

1

15. perfect : adj. △ 完美的, 完全的, 完备的

eg. ○1 He is ______perfect condition. 他状态极佳。

2 Well I'm sorry—but___________________. (人无完人) ○

2

△ 完全正确的, 准确的, 地道的eg. She speaks perfect English. 46. All I ever wanted to do ________become a teacher.

A. is B. is to C. is to want △ 极好的, 很好的 eg. The weather was perfect.

△ be perfect ________sb./sth. : 正合适 47. To improve my listening skills _________very important.

34

116.

eg. ○1 It was a perfect day____________ a picnic.

2 She's the perfect person for the job. ○

3 The job is quite perfect for you. ○

1

A. is A. studied A. millions

B. am B. studying B. million

C. are C. study C. millions of C. heart-warmed

48. —How long have you been _________here? —For 6 years.

16. collect : v. △ 收集, 采集 collect sth. _______sb./sth. 49. There are eighty _________people in this city.

eg. ○1 I have been collecting stamps since I was quite young.

2 Blood samples(血样) were collected from over 200 patients. ○

2

50. The _________story is about a boy who saved his mother's life.

B. heart-warming △ 领取, 领走, 接走 collect sb./sth. _______... A. heart-warm eg. ○1 What day do they collect the rubbish/garbage? 四、句型转换

2 She's gone to collect her son _______ ________. (从学校接) 对划线部分提问) ○

△ 募捐, 募集 eg. ○1 We're collecting for local charities.

3

2. Miss Gao left an hour ago. (同义句转换)

2 We collected over $ 5,000 for this performance. ○

【词组】 collect __________/ one's thoughts : Miss Gao _______ _______ ________ ________ an hour ago. 3. Her mother has been a Party member for three years.(同义句)

Her mother _______ the Party three years ________ . 4. Both answers are right. (改为否定句) ________________________________

5. All of us like the trip to the mountain village. (改为否定句)

△ (尽力) 镇定下来,敛神专注

1

eg. I'm fine—I just need a minute to collect myself.

△ 为……作好精神准备

2

eg. She paused (停下来) to collect her thoughts before entering the interview room.

_____ ____ us like/likes the trip to the mountain village. a couple of ...

△ 两人, 两件事情 eg. I saw a couple _______ men get out. 五、A. 根据所学单元, 完成短文内容。 △ 几个人, 几件事 eg. We went there a couple ____years ago. There are many kinds of museums in the world, for

12

eg. ○1 a couple _____minutes

3 a young couple ○

2 a couple _______ times ○example, the American _________Museum, the Indian International Museum of _________and the Hangzhou National ___________Museum.

The American Computer Museum has much information __________different computers and who _________them. The old computers were much bigger. It's ______________that technology has __________in such a ___________way!

In India, the International Museum of Toilets is a very ____________. There are so many different kinds of ____________there. Well, what's the aim of it? The museum teaches people about the _________and _______________of toilets.

The Hangzhou National Tea Museum is a relaxing ___________place near a lake. In the museum, the tea __________performances show how to __________a perfect cup of tea with beautiful tea ______. Watching the tea preparation is just as ____________as drinking the tea itself.

4 There are a couple more files to read first. ○

18. German : n. (U) 德语; (C) 德国人(Germans) adj. 德国的, 德语的; 德国人的

2 two Germans sitting there eg. ○1 Can you speak_______? ○

3 There are some special German paintings there right now. ○

eg. He'll go to Germany. Germany : n. 德国

19. theme : n. 主题, 题目, 主题思想

eg. ○1 the main__________ of this song : 这首歌的主题

2 the central _________of Greek art : 希腊艺术的中心主题 ○

3 a boat ride with a Disney theme ○

20. ride : n. △ 供乘骑的游乐设施,

2 a roller coaster ride: 坐一趟过山车 eg.○1 The rides are free. ○

1

△ (乘车或骑车的) 短途旅行

2

eg. ○1 It's from here to town.

2 Steve on his motorbike. ○

3 We ○

4 We'd better take a train ride through beautiful countryside. ○

△ (AmE.) =lift 搭车

3

eg. ○1 She got a lift _____________the station.

2 We managed to get a ride into town when we missed the bus. ○

B. 根据所学单元, 完成短文内容。

Singapore——A Place You Will Never Forget!

新加坡共和国, 是东南亚的一个岛国, 也是一个城市国家。该国位於 【词组】

△ _____/go along _____the ride : 随大溜,凑凑热闹, 逢场作戏 马来半岛南端, 毗邻马六甲海峡南口,其南面有新加坡海峡与 △ have a rough /an _________ride : 举步艰难/一路顺风 印尼相隔, 北面有柔佛海峡与马来西亚相隔, 并以长堤相连於 △ give sb. an _________ride : 使某人举步艰难/祝某人一路顺风 新马两岸之间。新加坡的国土除了本岛之外, 还包括周围数岛。

123

117.

△ take sb. _______a ride : 欺骗, 愚弄

4

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is an ________ country

located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. It Malaysian state of Johor and _________ of Indonesia's remaining true city-states in the world. It is the

Riau Islands. At 707.1 km2 (273.0 sq mi), Singapore is one of four smallest nation in ___________________Asia.

Singapore is a wonderful and __________place to____________ a

eg. It's not a pleasant feeling to discover (揭示) you've been taken for a ride by someone you trusted.

1

2

21. province: n. △ 省份 △ (pl) (BrE) 首都以外的地区

eg. ○1 the provinces of China

outside one's province: 不归某人管

2 The show will tour the provinces after it closes in London. ○

22. thousand : num. 一千

thousands of : 数以千计的; 许许多多的 eg. ○1 There were thousands of people there.

holiday. More than three ____________of the people are__________, so tourists ____________China can ____________ speak Putonghua a

country, so it's also a good place to ________________ How about food __________of China, have you tried it? There are many kinds of food in Singapore, an excellent place to _________new food—Indian food, Western food, Italian food or Japanese food all in it. Singapore has something unusual, for example, —a Night __________, where we can see the animals that only ________up at night. People can watch them in a more __________environment than a normal zoo. the same all________ round, just because the island is so close to the _____________. So people can choose

to go ____________you like. And, of course, it's not too far from China! One great thing about Singapore is that the temperature is almost

2 The cost ran into thousands. 成本达到数以千计。 ○ lot of the time. However, Singapore is an _______________

【词组】bat (用球板击球) a thousand : (AmE.) 非常成功, 大获全胜 (引出不同的,尤指对立的观点、思想等) 一方面…, 另一方面… eg. On the one hand they want to make much progress in study, but on the other, they don't want to study hard.

23. on the ________ hand...on the ______(hand) : your English!

24. safe : adj. 安全的,

eg. ○1 be quite_____: 十分安全

3 ______ safely : 安全抵达 ○

2 _______safe : 感觉安全 ○

4 safely____: 有把握地说 ○

△ be safe__________ do sth. :

1

○1 Is the water here safe to drink?

2

2 It's not safe to swim in the river. ○

△ be safe ________sb. to do sth. : eg. The street is not safe for children to play in. △ safe and__________: 平平安安

3

eg. The missing child was found safe and well. △ safe and __________: 安然无恙

4

2012年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS) 初赛初二组试题

A. in; at

A. on; in

B. at; on C . by; for C. off; in

B. on; out

D. at; from D. off; out

eg. They turned up safe and well. △ safe___________: 安全送还

5

1. I usually get up ___________ 11 o’clock ____________ Sundays.

2. Our flight is taking _______ soon. Let’s run and check ______.

3. ________ she told you was a lie. ________ was true.

A. Something; Everything C. Everything; Nothing

B. Nothing; Something; D. Nothing; Anything

eg. A reward was offered for the animal's safe return.

【词组】

1

△ in safe hands / in the safe hands of sb. : 在可靠的人手里 eg. I've left the kids in safe hands—with my parents. △ __________ (it) safe : 谨慎行事, 不冒险

2

△ on the safe___________: 谨慎为是, 不冒险

34. —Cafes in London are ___________than cafes in Paris.

—No! Cafes in London are much ____________. A. better; worse

B. the same; better

C. much good; bad D. better; best

5. —_________ do you get to work? —I usually take the subway.

A. How often

eg. I took some extra cash (额外的现金) just to be on the safe side.

safety : n. (U) 安全; 平安; 安全性, 无危险 △ __________safety: 安全地……

1

eg. This is the place where children can play in safety.

2

△ __________one's own safety: 为了某人自己的安全 eg. He stayed at my home just for his won safety.

3

6

B. Where C. When C. have we

C. mine; me

D. How D. shall we D. me; ours

6. It’s so cold today. Let’s take a taxi _________?

A. are we B. do we

A. our; ours

△ ________safety : 道路安全 △ safety________: 安全记录 △ ... to safety : ……到达安全地带

7

7. To _________ surprise, my parents bought__________ a new television.

B. my; us

8. There are __________ buildings in this city. But there aren’t __________ parks for children.

A. too many; enough

B. too many; less

eg.○1 He took his children to safety at once when he saw the dog.

2 I managed to swim to safety. ○

1

25. simply : adv. just △ 仅仅; 只; 不过

118.

1 Simply add hot water and stir(搅拌). eg. ○

2 You can enjoy all the water sports, or simply lie on the beach. ○

C. too much; more

9. —May I put my luggage here?

D. very much; any

△ (用来强调说法) 确实, 简直

2

—No, you ____________.You should put it up on the shelf.

A. wouldn’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. won’t

C. to tell; should D. to tell; may

10. Don’t forget _______Ron the departure time or he _______ not be able to catch the train. A. telling; will B. telling; can

11. —I’m sorry I’m late. The weather’s too bad today. — ________. Come in and sit down .We’re at Page 25. A. You are welcome C. Don’t worry

B. It’s a shame D. You are lucky

2 That is simply not true. eg. ○1 You simply must see the play. ○

○3 The view(风景) is simply wonderful. ○4 I haven't seen her for simply ages.

1 to be frightened of sb./(doing) sth. 害怕,惧怕 26. fear: v. □△ fear sb. /sth.

1

2 to fear death/the unknown eg. ○1 All his employees fear him. ○

○3 Don't worry, you have nothing to fear from us.

△ _____do sth. eg. She feared to tell him the truth.

2

12. —It’s very hot here. Can I open the window? —_________? —The window, can I open it? —Yes,_________.

B. Pardon; of course D. What; here you are

eg. She feared being alone at home.

△ It is feared that...

3

eg. It is feared (that) he may have been fired (解雇).

4

A. How come; you please

C. Why is; it is

△ fear for sb./sth. : be worried about sb./sth. 为……担心

1 We fear for his safety. eg. ○

2 He feared for his mother, left alone on the farm. ○

2 (引出不好的事情) 恐怕 □

1

13. —Good morning. Dixons Electrical. How can I help you? —Good morning.________?

—I’m afraid Mr. Smith isn’t in his office at the moment.

—___________?

—Thanks. I’ll call later.

A. Can I speak to the manager please; Can I take a massage B. Have you got my invitation please; Can I have a massage C. Can I have his last name please; Can I leave a massage D. Are you Mr. Smith please; Can I bring a massage

14. —Hi! Cici. What club are you in? —_____________. —______________? —Once a week.

A. I got two tickets for the club; When did you meet B. I am in the Movie Club; How often does your club meet C. I like taking pictures; How do you like your members

D. I want to be a singer; How many times do you practice

△ fear so eg. —He must be dead then. —I fear so.

△ fear not eg. —She's not coming back? —I fear not. fear: n. (C/U) 害怕, 惧怕, 担忧

1 His eyes . fear _______sb. /sth. eg. ○

2

2 She ○

○3 The child was shaking fear. (害怕的发抖) ○4 Alan spoke of his fears for the future.

【词组】△ ________fear of (doing) sth.

eg. We spoke quietly for fear of waking the guards.

1

△ ________fear that...

23

eg. I had to run away for fear that he might one day kill me.

△ ________fear of one's life : 害怕会丧生; 为生命安全担忧 15. —What will you do this weekend, Mary?

—I’ll go to the book store,____________? △ _______fear: (表示决不愿做某事) 绝不, 当然不

4

eg. —Are you coming climbing? —No fear!

5

—I’m going to visit an old people’s home with my friends.

—Sure you can. △ ___________fear or favour : 公正地,不偏不倚地 —So nice ! ________?

A fearful : adj. 担心, 担忧, 忧虑 A. Why not come together; Can I help you ○

△ be fearful______sb. eg. Parents are ever fearful for their children. B. Do you want some; would you like to come △ be fearful _____(doing) sth. eg. He is very fearful of an attack. C. What did you say; Do you like them

D. How about you; Can I go with you △ be fearful that... eg. She was fearful that she would fail.

B fearfully : adv. eg. We watched fearfully. 2012年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)初二年级组试题 ○

C fearfulness : n.(U) 1. —What did you do on Sunday? — I did my homework _________ day. ○

D fearless: adj. 大胆的, 无谓的, 不怕的 A. all a B. the whole C. the all D. whole ○

2. It is a school with a ____________ history. 27. whether : conj.

B. 30 years C. 30-years D. 30-year △ (表示迟疑或两个可能性之间的选择) 是否 A. 30 year's

eg. ○1 He seemed undecided whether _____go or stay. 3. We have _____________ rain this year, so the trees and grass don't grow well.

2 I'll see whether she's at home. A. little B. a little C. few D. a few ○

4. My paint lesson will be ______ 4:00 pm _____8:00 pm. ○3 It's doubtful (怀疑的) whether there'll be any seats left.

1231

119.

4 It remains to be seen whether or not this idea can be put into practice. ○

2

A. at; and B. from; to

C. from; and D. at; to △ (表示两种情况都真实) 是…(还是), 或者…(或者),不管…(还是) eg. ○1 I'm going whether you like it or not. 5. He studied English and Japanese, but he had no interest in ____________ subject.

2 Whether or not we're successful, we can be sure that we did our best. A. both B. none C. all D. either ○

6. —I have a terrible stomachache. 28. fox: n. △ (C) foxes狐狸 △ (U) 狐皮

△ (C) 狡猾的人, 老狐狸, 老滑头 —You _______go to the hospital at once. Nothing can make you feel better.

1

2

3

eg. He's a wily ________fox. 他是个诡计多端的老狐狸。 A. maybe B. perhaps C. have to B. likes to B. Don't

C. loves to C. Doesn't

D. could D. enjoys D. Didn't

29. all _____round :全年 all _______long : 整天 7. My father _______ reading newspapers in the morning.

eg. The museum is open all (the) year round.

A put years _______sb. : 使感到年迈, 使显得年老 ○

B take years______sb. : 使觉得(或显得) 年轻 ○

C year_________year: 年年,每年 ○

D year ______year : 年复一年的, 一年一年地 ○

A. wants A. Not

8. __________ call me Mimi! It's my cat's name. 9. —___________you wash your clothes? —No. But I ___________ tomorrow. A. Do; do

B. Did; wash

eg. Year by year his love for drawing grew stronger.

C. Did; will D. Are; will wash 30. whenever: conj.

△ at any time that; on any occasion that 在任何…的时候; 10. The underlined phrase(划线短语

water that day." can be replaced(被代替) by _______. 无论何时; 在任何……的情况下

1

eg. You can ask for help _____________you need it. A. much B. many A. wrong nothing C. something wrong

C. a lot D. more B. wrong something D. nothing wrong

D. for

△ every time that : 每当, 每次

2

11. There is _________with my computer. It doesn't work.

eg.○1 _____________she comes, she brings a friend.

2 The roof leaks (渗漏) whenever it rains. ○

3 We try to help whenever possible. ○

12. They could not go camping _________ the heavy rain. A. because of B. because C. as

13. The girl is going to do_____________.

A. what does she want to do B. she wants to do C. she wants to do what A. Yes, we do. C. No, there isn't? 15. —_______ —What about you? A. Do you like the coat? C. I don't think it's boring.

D. what she wants to B. Good idea! Let's go. D. It's behind the school. —I think it's boring.

B. What do you think of the film? D. I will go to the cinema.

14. —What not visit the museum? —___________

△ 别的什么时候(也可以), 任何时间(都行)

3

eg.○1 —When do you need it by? —Saturday or Sunday. Whenever.

2 It's not urgent (紧急的) —we can do it next week or whenever. ○

whenever: adv. (用于问句,表示惊奇) 究竟什么时候

eg. Whenever did you find time to do all the cooking?

31. spring: n. △(C/U) 春天

1

2 She was born in the spring of 1998. eg. ○1 Flowers bloom ___spring. ○

△ (C) 弹簧, 发条eg. She likes _______bed/door. (弹簧床/门)

2 spring water △ (C) 泉 eg. ○1 a mountain spring 山泉 ○

32. mostly: adv. mainly主要地; generally 一般地; 通常地 eg.○1 We're mostly out on Sundays.

23

2 He mostly stays at home on weekends. ○

A. 阅读下面短文,根据其内容在空格处填入适当的单词补全短文,每空一词。

33. location: n. △ (C) 地点, 位置

1

Dear Herman,

Thanks for your e-mail. It was great to eg. What is the exact location of the ship?

2

△ (C/U) (电影的) ______location: 在拍摄 Of course you can stay at our

away. We can leave keys with Mandy Petit at No.53. eg. The movie was shot(拍摄) entirely (完全地)

A locate : v. △ 找出……的准确位置 ○

1

Take the underground from Heathrow airport to Waterloo and get a train to Farnham. Turn right when you leave the station. Lynch Road is the second road on the left. We leave at No.57.Here’s a so you know what it look like.

When you arrive, please give Henry (that's the cat)his food. He gets food

evening. He must sleep in the kitchen, he mustn’t sleep in the

eg. Rescue planes are trying to locate the missing ship.

△ 把……安置在(或建造于)

2

eg. They located their headquarters(总部) in Shanghai.

B located : adj. 位于, 坐落在 ○

eg. ○1 A small town is located 30 miles south of Chicago.

2 Dandong is located on the Yalu River. ○

120.

34. cruise : n. 乘船游览, 航行

2 He has a luxury cruise ship. (豪华游轮) ○

bedrooms. Also, please leave a on if you go out at night.

And of course, don’t forget to take the keys bake to

Mandy when you leave. That’s all for now. Best wishes,

Sarah and Mike.

eg. ○1 I'd love to go on a ________________cruise. ……周游世界

cruise : v. 乘船游览

eg. ○1 They cruised down the Nile.

2 We spent two weeks cruising the Bahamas(巴哈马群岛). ○

B. 阅读下面短文,根据其内容在空格处填入适当的单词补全短文, 每空一词。

Yesterday I was watching TV at home when I suddenly(突然) remembered that 1.__________ was my father's birthday the next day.

I put my coat 2. __________ quickly, and then I ran outside to catch a bus. I went into a music shop,3._________ I couldn't remember which CD my dad wanted, so I didn't buy anything. Finally, I decided 4.__________ go to the bookshop and bought him a book about racing cars.

I went home and told my mum about the present. She looked at me strangely 5.__________ some time and said, "But your father's birthday is next month!"

海陵区2013——2014学年度八年级第一学期期中考试

一、听力测试:

A. 听对话

, 选择与句子内容相符的图, 每小题读2遍。

B. 听对话, 选择正确的答语 (听两遍). (

) 5. Who will probably go to cook? A. Jim’s father. C. Jim’s sister.

( ) 2. What do you think of the book?

A. Four yuan. C. Twenty yuan.

in Shanghai? B. By underground.

( ) 3. What did Miss Yang talk to you just now?

A. Last August. C. Last October.

( ) 4. Is this a photo of your family?

A. Wash her clothes. C. Have dinner.

B. Jim’s mother.

B. Five yuan.

A. By bus. C. By taxi. B. Last September.

B. Finish her homework.

( ) 1. What do you usually have for breakfast?

( ) 6. How much should the man pay?

( ) 7. How does the man like best to travel

(

) 8. When did they visit Shanghai Zoo?

( ) 9. What will the girl do first?

( ) 10. When does the library open? A. At 7:30. B. At 7:45. C. At 8:00. C. 听下面的对话,回答问题。(听两遍)

听下面一段材料,回答第11—12题。听两遍。 ( ) 11. Why didn't John go to the party? B. Because he had a lot of homework to do. ( ) 12. Where will they meet? ( ) 13. When does the man start work? ( ) 14. What does Mr Wang do? B. Mr Wang gets up early every day.

A. At the bus stop.

听下面一段材料,回答第13—15题。听两遍。

A. Late in the morning. A. He works in a TV station.

A. Because he had to look after his mother at home. C. Because he fell off his bike and hurt his leg. B. At the hospital gate

C. Outside the school gate.

B. In the afternoon. B. He is a news reporter.

C. At midnight.

C. He works for a newspaper.

( ) 15. Which is RIGHT according to the dialogue? A. The woman knows about Mr Wang's job very well. C. Mr Wang does some reading in the morning.

121.

D. 听短文, 根据短文内容选择正确答案。(听两遍)

( ) 16. Where will they go?

( ) 17. How long will it take them to go there? ( ) 18. What will they have for lunch? ( ) 19. What’s the speaker’s mobile phone number? ( ) 20. What can they do after lunch?

A. China. A. Three hours.

A. Bread and water.

B. A park.

B. More than four hours. B. Apples. B. 13926158856. B. Go camping. A .a; a

C. A town. C. Less than four hours. C. Both A and B. C. 13726158856. C. Go boating.

D. an, the

A. 13726156656. A. Go shopping.

二、单项选择。

( ( ) 2. I feel _________ because my job is too _________. A. bored, boring A. to stop crying

B. bored, bored B. to stop cry

B .an; / C. a; the D. boring, bored D. stop to cry C. oldest

C. boring, boring C. stop crying

A. old B. older

C. much more beautiful

C. The busier, the happier

( ) 3. How did you make her ? ( ) 4. My brother is two years _________ than I. ( ) 5. Millie draws____________ than Jim. A. much beautiful A. The busier, the happy

B. much beautifully B. The busy, the happy

( ) 6. _______ he is, ________ he feels.

D. the oldest

D. much more beautifully

D. The busier, the happiest B. it C. this D. one

B. many C. some D. a lots of

D. with, the tallest

( ) 7. The weather in Guangzhou is hotter than __________ in Beijing. A. that ( ) 8. The girl _______ long hair is ___________ in her class. A. has, tallest

A. likes playing football

B. has, the tallest B. is like tall and thin

C. with, taller

( ) 9. —What’s your best friend like? —He _______________.

( ) 10. I’m thirsty now. Would you please give me _________ milk to drink? A. any ( ) 11. Betty is __________careful as I, but I’m _____________ than you. A. as; much careful A. more, fewer A. to practice reading A. No problem

B. so; more careful B. more, more B. practice reading B. I hope so

C. is like to help me a lot D. is helpful and kind

C. as; much more careful D. so; very careful C. fewer, less C. practicing reading C. That’s all right

D. more, less

D. practice read D. That’s a good idea

B. her C. himself D. herself

( ) 12. You have __________ money than me, but you have ____________ friends than me. ( ) 13. You’d better _____________ short passages every day.

( ) 14. —Could you help me put up the maps on the wall? —___________.

( ) 15. Millie could look after _________though she was only five years old. A. she

三、完形填空。

Bill and Fred were students at a university and they were friends. They didn’t have money, so when it was time their summer vacation, Bill said, “Let’s活动房车than a hotel. I can borrow my father’s trailer.” Fred was very happy, so they got into the trailer and began their vacation.

They early the next day to go fishing, didn’t have an alarm clock.“ That’s , Bill,” Fred said, “ I have a good way. I’ll putbread on the roof of the trailer tonight and they will wake us up in the morning.” Bill was very, but he didn’t say anything. Fred was right. When it was at the first light came down to eat the bread, and their noise on the roof (屋顶) of the trailer woke them up quickly. ( ) 1. A. many ( ) 2. A. in ( ) 3. A. take ( ) 4. A. cheap ( ) 5. A. to get up

B. much B. to B. taking B. cheaper B. getting up

C. a lot C. for C. takes C. expensive C. gets up

D. some D. on D. to take D. more expensive D. get up

122.

( ) 6. A. and ( ) 7 A. right ( ) 8. A. a ( ) 9. A. happy ( ) 10. A. birds

B. but B. true B. some pieces B. surprised B. dogs

C. so C. all right C. many C. excited C. elephants

D. or D. wrong D. some pieces of D. sad D. ants

四、阅读理解。

(A.) A wife and a husband had just come back from London. It was a long journey. They were both very tired. When they went up to the door of their house, the husband put his hands into his pockets and suddenly stopped. “Alas, I lost my key!” he cried out. “What? I knew it well that a man like you must always be careless, so I hid another one,” the wife said with a smile. “That’s wonderful! Dear! Hurry up to open the door!”

“Oh, I put it in a drawer(抽屉), ”said the wife with a red face. ( ) 1. The wife and the husband were very tired because __________. A. they went a short way and had little rest C. they both hurried up to the door A. The husband was too tired to move. C. The husband found the door open. A. his wife hid another key to the door C. he found the door was not locked ( ) 4. Where did the wife hide their key?

A. The wife was more careless than the husband. C. The wife was as careless as the husband.

( ) 5. What do you think of the wife and the husband?

B. they had just returned from London D. they walked from morning till evening B. The husband lost all the money he had. D. The husband lost the key to the door. B. his wife was so kind to him as before D. he himself found the key to the door A. In a box.

B. In a drawer.

B. The husband was more careless than the wife. D. The husband was as careful as the wife.

C. In a bag.

D. In a pocket.

( ) 2. What happened when they got to the door of their house? ___________

( ) 3. The husband was happy again because _____________.

(B.) Tibet is in the southwest of China. It is the home to many natural wonders, such as valleys, mountains, lakes and even deserts. Tibet is very large, so it is perfect for traveling, especially the bike tour(旅游).

You can start the wonderful bike tour in Tibet’s capital, Lhasa. It is 3600 metres above the sea level. It’s very high, isn’t it? So it is important to spend a few days there to get used to(习惯) the thin air there, or you may feel sick and get hurt. The bike tour will pass rivers, large open grassland and high mountains, including the world's famous Mount Everest(珠穆朗玛峰).

After finishing the bike tour, people will feel quite successful. They will also have hundreds of photos of the wonderful places. ( ) 6. Tibet is the home to _____________. A. valleys ( ) 7. Tibet is a perfect place for the bike tour ___________. B. because bike is cheap B. To get used to the thin air there.

( ) 8. Why do people have to stay in Lhasa for a few days?

C. To go home in the first week.

( ) 9. People usually feel ____________ after the bike tour. A. unhappy A. a bad cold

B. a broken bike

B. mountains C. deserts D. many natural wonders A. because of the old people there

D. because it is large A. To meet friends there. D. To wait until it rains.

B. sad C. blue D. successful

D. a lot of new friends

C. because it is very rich

( ) 10. People often have ___________ when they finish the difficult journey.

C. hundreds of photos

五、句型转换 1. There is nothing in the fridge. (改为同义句) There ___ _____ in the fridge.

2. Amy runs the fastest among all the students in her class. (改为同义句) Amy runs than in her class. 3. I have more orange juice than Betty. (改为同义句)

Betty orange juice than me.

(对划线部分提问) does Daniel spend playing computer games and playing chess?

123.

Unit 10. I've had this bike for three years.

一、单词详解

1. yard : n. △ 院子 △ 码=3英尺/0.9144米

1

2

1 _______ the yard ○2 the prison yard: 监狱里的院子 ○

eg. The children were playing in the yard at the front of the school.

【词组】______sb. an inch and they will______a yard 得寸进尺 _______sale: a sale of things from sb's house, held in their house 庭院拍卖会

_______the yard sale 【比较】

garage [`g?rɑ:?](车库) sale: (在私人住宅的车库里进行的)旧物销售

1

二、本单元词组归纳:

talk about _________________ 1. 谈论财产

__________________________ 2. 骑在自行车上

at/ in_____________________ 3. 在庭院拍卖会

__________________________ 4. 卖/保留旧东西 5. 带回来甜美的回忆

_______________________________________________

6. 把……送给 _____________________________ ______________________________ 7. 需要的人

2. sweet : adj. sweeter; sweetest 8. 花75美分买了一本旧书

________________________________________________ △ make you feel happy and/or satisfied甜蜜的,令人愉快的

1 Good night. Sweet dreams. 2 the ________smell of success 9. 一台旧面包机 ___________________________ ○○

3 I can't tell you how sweet this victory is. ○10. 玩具熊/狮子 _________________/_________ 4 The old things can bring back people's sweet memories. 11. 布绒玩具, 软体玩具 ___________________________ ○

1 a cup of hot ______tea △ 含糖的; 甜的 ○

2

12. 儿童阳光家园

_______________________________________________

2 Too much sweet food is bad for your teeth. ○

3 The wine is too sweet _______me. ○4 I like sweet fruit. ○

△ 香的, 芳香的, 悦耳的, 好听的; 纯净的, 清新的, 新鲜的

3

1 a sweet-smelling rose. ○2 She has a ________voice. ○

3 We can enjoy the sweet air of a mountain village here. ○

△ 善良的,好心的, 和蔼的, 温柔的

4

1 a sweet old lady ○2 He is a very sweet person. ○

3 She gave him her sweetest smile. /have a sweet temper ○

4 It was sweet of them to offer to help. ○

1 have a sweet ____________: 爱吃甜食 【词组】 ◇

2 in one's own sweet_________/way : 任凭自己的意愿 ◇

3 __________sb. sweet : 讨好某人,哄着某人 ◇

4 the sweet ______of success : 成功的喜悦, 成功的美妙滋味 ◇

5 home sweet___________: 可爱的家, 家总是家 ◇

5 ________and sweet : 短暂而美好, 简明扼要, 紧凑 ◇

eg. We haven't much time so I'll keep it short and sweet.

13. 拥有某物长达两年的时间_____________________ 14. 几个月的时间 ___________________________

___________________________ 15. 核实; 查实

___________________________ 16. 成长得快

___________________________ 17. 在初中

___________________________ 18. 变得渐大

___________________________ 19. 变得渐小

___________________________ 20. 儿童之家

21. 丢掉;清理 ___________________________

___________________________ 22. 不再

___________________________ 23. 相当难过

___________________________ 24. 起初

25. 玩某人的旧玩具

__________________________________

26. 拥有一套火车和铁路装置

_____________________________________

sweet—and—sour: 糖醋的, 甜酸的 eg. Chinese sweet-and-sour pork

1

______________________________ 27. 玩具猴

1 childhood memories 3. memory : n. △(C) 记忆, 回忆 ○28. 更善解人意 ____________________________

2 I have vivid (栩栩如生的) memories of my grandparents. ○29. 与……分别 ____________________________ 3 What is your earliest memory? _____________________ ○30. 坦率地说 4 The photos bring ______lots of good memories. _____________________ ○31. 玩了一段时间

_____________________ △(C/U) + for sth. 记忆力, 记性 32. 年纪较大

1 I记忆力差) ○33. 进行庭院拍卖会 ___________________

34. 处理, 应对 2 People have______they soon forget). _____________________ ○

3 He _____________________ ○35. 募集资金 him.谁让他失望,他总是记恨在心。 36. 最古老的建筑物 ___________________ 4 She can recite the whole poem(诗歌) 凭记忆 _____________________ ○37. 一所小学

2

124.

1 _________memory of sb.=to the memory of sb. : 38. 在周末 ______________________________ 【词组】 ◇

______________________________ 作为对某人的纪念 39. 音乐厅

eg. He founded the charity in memory of his love wife. ______________________________ 40. 在周围 2 if my memory ______me well/correctly...如果我没有记错的话 ______________________________ ◇41. 离开农村

______________________________ 4. cent : n. 分, 分币( abbr. c/ ct) 【美国货币】 42. 住在家乡

美国货币由美元dollar和美分cent组成, one dollar= 100 cents。 43. 一年一两次 ______________________________

______________________________ 纸币bill有一、二、五、十、二十、五十和一百美元等面值; 44. 寻找工作

______________________________ 硬币(coin)有一美分(或a penny) 五美分(或a nickel) 45. 一位46岁的父亲

十美分(或a dime) 二十五美分(或a quarter) 46. 在彩色铅笔工厂 ______________________________

$500表示五百美元; 在数字前加$ 表示美元, 如: 47. 寻找更多时间 ______________________________

_______________/______________ 50C表示50美分; 在数字后加C表示美分, 如: 48. 返还回家

______________________________ 表示由美元和美分组成的钱数时, 常用$表示,如: $6.50。 49. 真是遗憾! 1 per cent( BrE.) /percent(AmE.) =% 【词组】 ◇

50. 带着极大兴趣审视/看待

2 red cent : n. a very small amount of money ◇______________________________________ (尤用于否定词后) 很少的钱 【如】我做了那么多工作, 可什么也没得到。 51. 二十世纪中叶 ______________________________ eg. I didn't get a red cent for all my work. ______________________________ 52. 这样的发展

______________________________ 5. toy: n. (C) 玩具, 玩物, 玩意儿/adj. 玩具的 53. 保持一样

1 The children were playing happily with their toys. ______________________________ eg. ○54. 依据,按照 2 a toy car/telephone 3 toy soldiers ○○55. 一棵又大又古老的树 ______________________________ 4 His latest toy is the electric drill (电钻) he bought last week. ______________________________ ○56. 在学校对过 6. bear: n. (C) 熊

______________________________ 57. …的一种象征 2 _____bear : 北极熊,白熊 3 a ______bear: 玩具熊, 泰迪熊 ______________________________ ○○58. 一起玩

4 grizzly [ `gr?zli ] bear灰熊, 银光熊 (居住在北美和俄罗斯部 59. 这样一个美丽的童年 ○

1 a _____bear 黑熊 eg. ○

分地区的大型棕熊)

5 a bear _____________: 熊市(在证劵市场等) ○

_________________________________________________

60. 温柔甜美回忆 _____________________________

______________/____________ 【词组】like a bear with a _______head : bad-tempered 脾气暴躁 61. 中国人/全中国

7. maker: n. (C) 生产者; 制定者+ _______sth. 62. 在城市里工作 ______________________________ 1 a ________/_______/policy maker :作出决定/制定法律/制定政策的人 63. 在接近三年 ______________________________ ○

2 programme makers : 方案拟订者

3 ○______________________________ 64. 为了 5 a new film/movie maker 6 an electric coffee-maker ○○65. 拥有某人童年的记忆

7 If it doesn't work, send it back to the maker. ○

8 One of the best winemakers is France. ○

_______________________________________________

66. 从儿童时期 ______________________________ 【词组】meet your Maker : (esp.幽默) 死, 见上帝 67. 给某人许多回忆___________________________________

_______________/_______________ 8. scarf: n( scarfs/scarves) 围巾, 披巾, 头巾 68. 做笔记

1 a woolen/ silk scarf 2 wear a scarf _______________________________ ○○69. 对…多说些关于… 9. soft: adj. (softer, softest) △ 软的, 柔软的 70. 到目前为止 _______________________________

1

1 a soft feather pillow ○2 a soft toy ○

1 soft skin / hair/ fur ○

三、单元测试:

1. — I can sing the song in English. —___________. A. So I can B. So can I C. I can so D. Too can I

A. beautiful enough

B. enough beautiful D. beautifully enough B. but; high D. because; low

△ 柔滑的, 细滑的, 细腻的

2

2 a dress made from the finest, softest silk ○

△ 柔和的, 悦目的, 柔和悦耳的

3

2. —Why don’t you buy one of the scarves for your mum? —They are not _____.

2 a soft voice/ soft music ○

1 a soft pink /soft candlelight ○

4

△ 不够严厉的, 态度偏软的 + ________sb./sth. | _______sb. C. too beautiful

1 The government is not becoming soft on crime. ○

2 If you're too soft with these kids, they'll never respect you. ○

3. The food in the restaurant is good_________ the price is too_________.

A. and; high

1 have a soft ____for sb./sth. (infml.) : 喜欢某人/某物 C. but ; expensive 【词组】◇

125.

eg. She's always had a soft spot for you. eg. Unfortunately, my father is no soft touch.

1 检查, 审查+ sth. ____sth. 10. check : v. ◇

4. I think a dog is a good pet for ___________ child.

A. a 6-year-old C. a 6-year old A. one’s B. the A. has gone C. has gone to A. So do I C. Neither do I

A. by taxi B. by a taxi

B. an 6-year-old D. a 6 years-old C. his D. their B. has been D. has been to B. So have I D. Neither have I

2 an easy / a soft touch: (尤指在钱财方面)有求必应的人 ◇

5. Everyone should do ____________best to win the match. 6. —Where is Bruce? Is he at home?—I think he ______ school.

1 Check the house for something suspect [`s?spekt ](可疑的). ○

2 Check your work before handing it in. ○

2 查明; 查看+ ________sb. ◇

| that... | wh—从句

1 You'd better check with Jane what time she's expecting us tonight. ○

2 Go and check (that) I've locked the window. ○

3 克制; 抑制+ sth. /oneself ◇

7.—I have never been to European countries. What about you? —___________.

1 She tried to check her anger/ laughter/tears. ○

2 She wanted to tell him the whole truth but she checked herself ○

8. Yesterday he _________to work, so he wasn’t late.

C. take a taxi D. took a taxi

B. 5 years ago D. 5 years before C. arrived D. arrived at B. what was your name D. what your name was

B. Yes, you may D. Yes, not at all C. lent C. yet

D. borrowed D. later

—it wasn't the right moment. 【动词搭配】

9. —How long have you studied English? —___________.

A. For 5 years C. Since 5 years

1 check _____(at..) | check into...: (在旅馆、机场等) 登记, 报到 ◇

eg. Please check in at least an hour before departure. (飞机起飞)

2 check sth. ________: 托运(行李) ◇

10. Has the train _____________yet? A. got to 11. The teacher asked ____________. A. what’s your name C. what your name is

eg. We checked in our luggage and went through the departure lounge(候机室). B. reached

3 check _________sb./sth.: 核实, 检查(是否一切正常) ◇

eg. I'll just go and check on the children.

4 check _________of...: 结账离开(旅馆等) ◇

eg. Guests should check out of their rooms by noon.

12. —Do you mind if I stay here a little longer? —_________.

A. No, you can’t C. Certainly not

A. kept A. ago

B. bought B. before

5

□1 调查, 查证, 核实 □2 观察,观察 □3 借出 ◇

1 The police are checking out his alibi(不在案发现场). eg.○

2 Check out the prices at our new store. / Hey, check out that car! ○

3 The book has been checked out in your name. ○

6 check _______/ _________sth.: 仔细检查; 核实; 核查 ◇

13. How long has his brother ________ the book?

14. I’ve never seen such a fine picture ___________.

eg. Check over your work for mistakes.

7 check up________ sb. : 监督, 督促 ◇

15. —Has the foreigner been to many interesting places in Beijing?

A. already

B. still

C. yet

D. never

eg. My parents are always checking up on me. —Yes, but he has not _______been to many other parts of China.

8 check up _______sth. : 查证, 核实 ◇

eg. I need to check up on a few things before I can decide. 16. —Have you ever been to an aquarium? —No, _____.

11. board : △ n. 板, 木板 board games : 棋类游戏 A. I have B. I am not

1

C. I haven’t D. I hasn’t B. Me, neither D. Me both

1 a ________board : 黑板 ○

3 a bulletin board: 布告牌 ○

5 a _________board : 棋盘 ○

2 a ________board : 布告板 ○

17. —I’ve never been to a water park. — _________.

A. Me, too C. Me also

4 a ____________board : 跳水板 ○

6 a__________.board : 木质地板条 ○

7 The results went up on the board. ○8 She jumped off the top board. ○

9 He removed the figure from the board. ○

10 I'll write it up on the board. ○

A. bad. B. very. C. many. D. nice. 19. Did everyone have a good time?

△ (公司或其他机构) 董事会, 委员会, 理事会

2 A. have fun.

C. have lunch.

B. have a rest. D. have time.

1 She has a seat on the board of directors. (董事会成员) ○

2 The board is/are unhappy about falling sales(销售额下降). 20. — ○

1 ___________the board : 全体, 整体, 全面 【词组】◇

eg. The industry (行业) needs more investment (投资) across the board. 2 be _________ board : 开诚布公,公开 ◇

hospital to see a doctor. — I’m sorry to hear that. A. healthy B. ill C. happy D. well

21. I have worked all day, now I’m A. not tired B. relaxed C. very tired D. excited

126.

eg. Don't worry; the deal was completely above board.

3 go ____________the board : 被废弃, 被忽视 ◇

22. How long has his brother ________ the book? A. kept B. bought A. ago B. before

C. lent D. borrowed C. yet D. later

23. I’ve never seen such a fine picture _________.

eg. All her efforts to be polite went by the board and she started to shout.

4 ____________board : 在船上(或飞机上、火车上) ◇

eg. Have the passengers gone on board? 乘客们登机了吗? eg. I told her what I thought but he didn't take my advice on board.

24. —Has the foreigner been to many interesting places in Beijing?

A. already B. still them is interesting.

A. none B. neither C. both D. all —No, I __________. A. gone, hasn’t C. been, haven’t A. borrowed C. bought A. has B. have

B. gone, haven’t D. been, hasn’t B. lent D. kept

C. get D. need C. yet D. never

5 __________sth. on board : 采纳, 接纳(主意、◇建议) —Yes, but he has not _________been to many other parts of China.

12. junior : adj. 地位(或职位、级别) 低下的

1 They are junior employees. ○

3 junior_________: 大专 ○

25. There are two books on the desk, but_________ of

2 She is junior ______me. ○

4 junior __________ : (英国) 实习医生 ○

5 junior _________: n. (C/U) (in Britain) a school for ○26. —Have you ever _______ to the Summer Palace, Lily?

children between ages 7 and 11 (英国) 小学

6 ________high (school) : n.(C/U)(in the US) a school for young ○

people between the ages of 12 and 14 (美国) 初级中学 people between the ages of 14 and 18 (美国) 高中

【词组】be…years sb's junior | be sb's junior by... : 小某人…岁

1 She's four years his junior. eg. ○

1

____________high (school) : n.(C/U)(in the US) a school for young 27. I have __________ the book for three days.

2 She's his junior by four years. ○

28. Neither her brother nor she ________a dictionary. 29. Alice is German. She is an Australia. A. both; and C. neither; nor A. so do I C. neither do I

B. either; or D. not; but B. so am I D. neither am I

13. clear : v. △ 清理, 清除

clear A. ________ B. clear B. _________/_______ A.

○1 I cleared my desk papers and got down to work.

2 ○

3 I had cleared my desk before I left. ○

4 It's your turn to (收拾餐桌) ○

5 She on the sofa for him to sit down. ○

6 The streets had been ○

6 The remains of the snow had been ed ________ the streets. ○

7 It was several hours before the road was cleared after the accident. ○

30. Mike doesn’t know French. And

31. —Which sweater do you prefer, the yellow one or the pink one? —I like a light blue one. A. Either B. Both A. Neither have I C. So have they A. has been to C. go to

C. Any D. Neither B. Nor have we D. So do they B. has gone to D. goes to

32. We have been to Water City.

△ 转晴, 放晴, 变晴朗 ○1 The sky cleared after the storm.

2

2 The raining is clearing slowly. (雨正在慢慢地退去。)(天转晴) ○

△ (烟、雾等) ( clear__________) 消散, 散去, 消失 The mist (雾) will clear by mid-morning. 雾将在上午十时左右消散。

3

1 clear the air : (通过倾诉) 改变困境, 缓解紧张状态 【词组】◇

2 clear one's_____________: 清喉咙,清嗓子 ◇

2 clear the ________for sth./ for sth. to happen :(为……)清除障碍 ◇

3 the ___________is clear : (infml) 没有被发现(或抓住)的危险 ◇

33. John

34. —May I speak to John?

—Sorry, he

eg. As soon as the coast was clear, he climbed in through the window.

1 clear ______ clear sth. _________ : 【动词搭配】◇

A. has been to; will come back B. has gone to; will be back C. has been in; would come back

A. is B. are A. have come C. have been in

D. has gone to ; won't come back C. am D. be B. have been to D. have come to

36. The Smiths

把……清除掉(以留出空间)

1 He cleared away and made coffee. eg. ○

2 It's time that your toys were cleared away. ○

2 clear _______: (infml) to go or run away 离开; 逃离; 逃跑 ◇

eg. ○1 He cleared off when he heard the police siren(警铃).

2 You have no right to be here. Clear off! ○

3 clear _______( of...): (infml.) to leave a place quickly 迅速离开 37. — ◇

127.

eg. He cleared out with all the money and left her with the kids. eg. ○1 He cleared out a drawer to put his old photos.

2 We cleared out all our old clothes. ○

3 I found the letters when I was clearing out after my father died. ○

5 clear_____________: 放晴; 转晴|痊愈; 治愈; 消失 ◇

—Three years ago.

A. has; died C. did; die

A. at B. in A. nothing interesting C. interesting A. hadn’t seen C. didn’t see

B. is; dead D. is; died C. of D. on B. interesting something D. anything interesting B. haven’t seen D. will not see

4

infml) 把……清空; 清理; 丢掉 ◇

38. He took an interest 39. There is not in today’s newspaper.

eg. ○1 I hope it clears up this afternoon.

2 Has your rash(皮疹) cleared up yet? ○

6 clear _________| clear sth. __________: 使整洁;清理 ◇

40. Nice to meet you. I _______ you for a long time.

2 Clear up your own mess! eg. ○1 It's time to clear up. ○3 I'm fed up with! ○

A clear: adj. △ 清晰易懂的, 明白清楚的 ○

1

41. Last night he had a bed to sleep __________, but I had only a chair to sit __________. A. in, on

B. /, /

C. on, in

D. in, to

make oneself clear eg. Did I make myself clear just now?

△ 明显的; 显然的; 明确的

2

be clear _______sb. that/what/how/whether... eg. It was quite clear to me that she was lying.

42. About _______of the workers in the factory were born in the _______.

A. two-thirds, 1970 C. two-third, 1970 B. same as A. How far

B. two-thirds, 1970s D. two-third, 1970s C. same to B. How often

B. in

D. the same as

C. How long D. How soon C. on

D. for

△ 无疑的; 清楚的; 明白的

3

be clear _________/______sth. | what, how, whether ect.

1 Are you clear about the date for the meeting? eg. ○

43. Is William’s lifestyle _________ David’s? A. the same

2 I'm still not clear on that point/ what will happen. 44. —_________have you been married?—For twenty years. ○

△ 头脑清醒的 keep a clear head______ sth.

4

eg. You'll need to keep a clear head for your interview. 45. If you sit in a chair _______a long time, your back may begin to hurt.

A. at

1 (as) clear as______: 显而易见; 容易看见;容易理解 【词组】 ◇

2 keep a clear/cool _______: (在困难中) 保持冷静 46. —I often have hamburgers for lunch. ◇

3 ____________and clear : 清楚明白 ◇

—You’d better not. It’s bad for you _________ too much junk food.

A. eat

B. to eat C. eating

D. ate

47. —When did you __________ the bike? —In 2012. I have __________ it for two years.

A. buy; bought

B. have; bought D. bought; bought

eg. The message is coming through loud and clear.

B clear : adv. + ______sth. 离开; 不靠近 ○

eg.○1 Stand clear of the train doors.

2 He injured(使…受伤) his arm as he jumped clear of the car. ○

【词组】 ________/_________clear of sb./sth. 避开; 回避; 躲避 C. buy; had eg. Keep clear of the center of town at this time of the evening.

48. —How long has Mr. Green lived in Lanzhou? —He’s lived here ____________ 1998. A. for

B. since

C. at

D. on

49. My best friend Tom is _________ honest boy. You can believe him. A. a

B. an

C. the

D. /

50. —Is Mr. Smith still in Shanghai?

—Yes, he _________ there for two months. A. has been B. has gone C. has been to D. has gone to A. in

B. on

C. with B. to clean D. cleaned

D. of

14. bedroom : n. △ a room _________sleeping in 卧室

1

2 a spare(备用的) room eg. ○1 a hotel __________ 20 bedrooms ○

△ -bedroomed : 有…个卧室的 eg. a three-bedroomed house 15. no longer/not ...any longer: 不再; 不复

used to say that sth. which was possible or true before, is not now

2

eg. ○1 I can't wait any longer.

2 He no longer lives here. ○

16. own : v. (不用进行时) 拥有, 有(尤指买来的东西)

eg. ○1 Do you own your house or do you rent it?

2 I don't own anything of any value. ○

【动词搭配】own _______to ( doing) sth.: 承认责任;认错; 坦白 51. You should drink some hot tea ______ honey. eg. ○1 He owned up to a feeling of guilt(歉疚).

2 She owned (that) she had been present. ○

3 I'm still waiting for someone to own up to the breakages(东西打碎了) . ○

52. The children decide _________their school yard this Friday afternoon.

A. clean C. cleaning

own: adj. △ (用于强调)自己的, 本人的

1

128.

1 _________one's own : 某人自己的 ◇

53. My uncle has moved to Beijing. He doesn’t live here ________.

A. at all C. no more

B. any longer D. any time

eg. Our children are grown up and have children of their own.

2 (all) _________one's own : ○a alone独自; 单独 ◇

1 I'm all on my own today. ○2 She lives on her own. eg.○

b without help 独立地 eg. He did it on his own. ○

3 ___________one's own business: 想自己的事, 别管闲事 ◇

54. —Do you miss your parents far away?

—Yes, very much. They ________the hometown since two years ago.

A. left

C. were away from A. begin

B. have left

D. have been away from B. has begun D. has been on B. has lent D. has kept

eg.○1 —What are you reading? —Mind your own business.

2 I was just sitting there, minding my own business, ○

55. Hurry up! The film __________ for fifteen minutes.

when a man started shouting at me. eg. I believe in education for its own sake. eg. The railway is still under construction(建设).

2

6 _________sth's own sake: 为某事本身的缘故, 鉴于某事本身的价值 C. is beginning ◇

56. She ____________this book since she bought it from the bookstore.

1

17.railway( BrE.) (line) = railroad (AmE.) : △ 铁路; 铁道

A. has borrowed C. has bought

△ 铁路公司; 铁道部门; 铁路系统

57. Mr Fan __________this watch in 2005.

He ________ it for 8 years. eg.○1 Her father worked on the railways.

2 Beijing Railway is a model railway. (模范铁路) A. bought; has had B. bought; has ○

3 a railway station/worker/company 火车站; 铁路工人/公司 C. has bought; has had D. has bought; had ○

18. part : v. △ 离开; 分别 +_________ sb. 58. Some students in Shanghai _______e-bags for several months.

A. have B. have had C. had D. will have eg. ○1 We parted at the airport.

1

2 I hated to part on such bad terms. (关系这么恶劣) ○

3 He has recently parted from his wife. (与妻子分居了) ○

59. I don’t believe that this _______boy can paint such a nice picture.

A. five years old C. five-year-old A. in B. to

B. five-years-old D. five years'old C. at

D. of D. from

△ 分离; 分开; 隔开 + sb. _____________sb.

2

eg. ○1 I hated being parted from the children.

60. According ________ Mr. Wang, we’ll go on a trip this weekend.

61. Look! She’s standing _______ the ten children.

B. between C. of

2 The puppies(小狗崽) were parted from their mother at birth. ○

1 part __________(with/from sb.) 离开; 分开; 断送关系 【词组】◇

eg. ○1 This is where we part company.

2 The band have parted company with their manager. ○

2 part __________sth. : 放弃; 交出 (尤指不舍得的东西) ◇

A. among

62. —Can you give me some information about vacation trips? —Why not _________ going to Hainan Island?

A. consider B. mind

C. keep

D. think

eg. Make sure you read the contract before parting with any money. 一定要注意先看清合约再交钱。

1

63. —Did you go to Kenli during the Peach Blossom Festival (桃花节)?

—Yes. The flowers were beautiful. Bees were flying them. C. between A. looked B. search

B. has come to B. another two

A. in D. through C. find

D. see B. among

19. certain : adj. △ (不提及细节时用)某种; 某事; 某人

eg. ○1 For certain personal reasons I shall not be able to attend.

2 Certain people might disagree with this. ○

△ (提及其名但不识其人时用) 某某, 某位

264. Nowadays millions of Chinese leave the countryside to______for the work in cities.

65. Mr. Jack ____________China for several years. A. has been to A. other two

C. has been in D. came to C. more two D. two others C. especially D. simply A. 90- words B. 90- word D. 90 word’s

eg. It was a certain Dr. Davis who performed the operation.

△ 确实; 确定; 肯定

3

○a _____/______ /_______certain ______do sth. eg. She looks certain to win an Oscar.

b be/look/feel certain _______(doing) sth. ○

66. —Would you like to have ________ apples? —No, thanks. I've had enough.

67. Don’t talk to anyone about the bad news _________ A. hardly B. usually

of about _________.

68. In this exam , you’re asked to write a composition C. 90 words

eg. If you want to be certain of getting a ticket, book now.

c be certain that... ○

not to my mother.

eg. It is certain that they will agree./They are certain to win.

4

△ 确信; 无疑 + _____/______ sth. | ...that to one's certain

eg. ○1 She wasn't certain (that) he had seen her.

2 Are you absolutely(完全地) certain about this? ○

69. —Jackie Chan has donated ______ dollars to charity.

129.

3 I'm not certain who was there. ○—He is an example to us all.

B. thousands D. thousands of

C. thousand of

4 To my certain knowledge, he was somewhere else at the time. A. thousand ○

我敢肯定他当时在别处。

1 _______certain : without doubt 肯定; 确定; 无疑 【词组】◇

四、句型展示:

eg. I can't say for certain when we'll arrive.

1. 你拥有那辆自行车多久了? How long _______you ______the bike?

2. 我拥有它三年了。I've _______it for three years.

3. 你也能把这些旧物品捐赠给需要的人。 4. 你能付75美分买它。

You can _________ it ________ 75 cents.

You can also _________ old things _________ to people in need.

2 _________certain (that...) : 弄确实; 弄清楚; 弄明白 ◇

eg. I think there's a bus at 8 but you'd better call to make certain.

3 make certain _______(doing) sth.: 确保(做某事) ◇

eg. You'll have to leave soon to make certain of getting there on time.

20. as _______sb./sth. : used to start talking about sb./sth. 至于; 关于

eg. ○1 As for Jo, she's doing fine.

2 As for food for the party, that's all being taken care of. ○

5. 我买着本杂志几个月了。I’ve_______ this magazine _____ ________ ________ _________months. 6. 自从我是一个孩子的时候我就拥有它们。

I've had them _________I _______ a child. Jeff’s family is __________a _______sale. 8. 小鸡在市场上出售。

Chickens are ________sale in the market.

10. 艾米认为卖掉她的旧东西很难。 Amy thinks________ hard to______ her old things. 11. 艾米想保留她的旧东西,因为它们勾起她的甜蜜回忆。

12. 她记忆力好。 13. 瓶子里有点儿水。

There is a _______of/a ________water in the bottle. 【语言点】

not a bit =not at all 意为“一点也不” not a little =very 意为“非常”

She has a good_________.

7. 杰夫的家人正在进行庭院拍卖会。

21. honest: adj. △ 诚实的; 老实的; 正直的

1

2 His father is an honest businessman. eg. ○1 He is an honest boy. ○

△ 坦率的; 坦诚的 + ___________sth. | ________sb.

2

1 an honest answer eg. ○2 Give me your honest opinion. ○

3 Are you being completely honest about your exams? ○

4 Thank you for being so honest with me. ○

=to be frank=what I really think is.... 9. 抱歉,它不出售。 I’m sorry, it’s not _____sale.

1 To be honest, it was one of the books I've ever read. eg. ○

2 As for me, I didn't want to give up my football shirts, ○

but, to be honest, I have not played for a while now. eg. Let's be honest, she's only interested in Mike because of his money.

A honestly: adv. in an honest way 诚实地; 正当地 ○

Amy wants to ______her old things because they _____ ______sweet memories.

eg. I can't believe he got that money honestly.

B honesty: n. (U) 诚实; 老实; 正直 ○

1 She answered all my questions with her usual honesty. eg. ○

2 His honesty is not in question. ○

14. 她一点儿也不快乐。 She is not _____ _______happy. 15. 他非常累。He is not ___ _______tired.=He is very tired.

16. 察看一下所有的儿童书籍。

_____ _______all the books for children.

17. 我们已经从我们的卧室清除了大量的物品。

We _____ ______ ______ ______a lot of things from our bedroom.

18. 我的女儿更善解人意,虽然她也对失去某些玩具感到悲伤。

My daughter was more understanding, although 19. 说实在的, 我现在已经一会也不玩了。 ______ ______ ______,I have not played for a while now. 20. 吉姆在日本三天了。

Jim ______ ______in Japan ______ three days. 21. 他对成功很有把握。 He felt quite ______ ____success. 22. 不要放弃你的梦想。

Don’t ____with your dream.

23. 可对我们来说, 我们是幸运的。

And ________ _______ us, we are fortunate.

【词组】________all honesty : 说实话; 其实 eg. The book isn't, in all honesty, as good as I expected.

22. while : n. a period of time一段时间; 一会儿

1 They chatted for a while. eg. ○

2 I'll be back in ○

3 I haven't seen him for ○

4 They walked back together, talking . ○

1 (every) ____________in a while : occasionally 偶尔地; 间或地 she also felt sad to _____ _____ _____ ______. 【词组】 ◇

eg. I don't know her well. I've only met her every once in a while.

2 ___________one's while: 对……有好处(或用处) ; 值的 ◇

1 It will be worth your while to come to the meeting. eg. ○

2 He'll do the job if you make it worth his while. ○

你要是给他的报酬丰厚,他会做这份工作。

while : conj. △ 在……期间; 当……的时候

1

eg. His parents died while she was still at school.

2

△ 与……同时 eg. You can go swimming while I'm having lunch.

130.

△ 然而; (对比两件事物) …而

34

24. 诚实的人不会说谎。An __________man does not _________lies.

25. 他们高兴地闲扯了一会儿。 They chatted away happily for a__________. 26. 他在度假期间仍与我们保持联系。 He kept in touch with us ______he was on vacation. 27. 自从我十岁我们就是朋友了。

We_____ ________ friends ______ I was ten years old.

eg. Tom's very good at science while his brother does well in chemistry.

△ (用于句首) 虽然; 尽管

eg. While I am willing to help, I do not have much time.

23. truthful : adj. ( of a person) saying only what is true

诚实的; 实的 + ____________sth./ ___________sb.

1 They were less than truthful about their part in the crime. eg. ○

2 Are you being completely truthful with me? ○

28. 我三年没有看见他了。I haven’t seen him ____ three years. 29. 这件我不再穿的毛衣将会送给我的妹妹。

The sweater I ______ ________wear will be given to my sister.

A truthfully: adv. 诚实地; 坦诚地 ○

eg. She answered all their questions truthfully.

B truthfulness: n. (U) 30. —你已经保管这本书多长时间了? —三天了。 _______ three days. ○

C truth : ( the truth) (C/U)真相; 实情; 真实性 _______ _______ have you kept the book? ○

31. 他们在森林里寻找那个走失的小孩。 △ ___________the truth : 讲实话

△ tell sb. the __________truth : 告诉某人全部实情 They ___________the forest __________the lost child.

12

△ _________truth : 的确; 实际上 △ a _________of truth : 一句实话 24. home_________ : n. 家乡; 故乡

34

32. 张伟一位46岁的丈夫兼父亲, 是他们中的一位。

_________these ______Zhang Wei, a 46-year-old husband and father. 33. 汤姆坐在你和我之间。Tom sits between ________and ________.

34. 莉莉是一个8岁的女孩

Lily is an _____________________girl. =Lily is a girl of _______ _______ _______.

35. 他对自己所做过的事不感到羞愧。

He felt ________ _________for what he had done. 36. 你不能留下来吃晚饭, 真遗憾。

It’s a __________(that) you can’t stay ________dinner.

1 _____one’s shame: 【拓展】◇令人感到羞愧的是 2 feel shame ____ … ◇

3 _______shame ◇

the place where you were born or lived as a child

eg. They miss their hometown a lot and hope to visit the place.

【补充】△ home_________: 祖国; 家乡

1

eg. He has been forced(被迫) to flee his homeland.

△ home _________: 喜欢呆在家里的人; 恋家的人

△ home_________: n. 购房者

△ home _________: (BrE.) (给老人或病人料理家务的) 佣人 △ home —_________: adj. 自家园子里产的

2345

eg. These are home-grown tomatoes.

因······而感到羞愧 羞愧的 无羞耻心

25. nowadays: at the present time adv. 现在; 现今;目前

1 Nowadays most kids prefer watching TV to reading. eg. ○

26. search : v. 搜索; 搜查; 搜寻; 查找 △ search sth. _________sth./ sb.

1 She searched in vain(徒劳) for her passport. eg. ○

2 The customs officers searched through our bags. ○

1

4 have _____shame ◇

2 We used to take buses a lot, but nowadays we drive our cars. 37. 我把你当做我最好的朋友。 ○

I ____________ you_________ my best friend. 38. 他把他们按年龄分成三组。

He divided them into three groups _________ ______ages. 39. 鲜花总是受到欢迎,尤其是冬天。

Flowers are always welcomed, __________in winter.

40. 我正在考虑换份工作。

I am considering _______________my job. 41. 他持有该公司的大部分股份。 He ___________a major share in the company.

3 Firefighters searched the buildings for survivors(幸存者). ○

4 I've ○

5 He is searching for a job right now. 四处搜寻 ○

△ search sb. _________sth. : 搜查; 收身

2

eg. The police searched him for the important evidence(证据).

3

△ search sth./sb. _________: 找出; 查到; 搜寻到 42. 有人把它给你了吗? Did someone ________ it ______ you?

43. 为什么你这么喜欢它? Why do you like it _______ _______ ? search : n. 搜索; 搜查; 搜寻; 查找

44. 你能说更多关于它的事情吗? Can you say __________ __________ about it? △ search _________sth./ sb.

1 After a long search for the murder weapon, the police found a knife. eg. ○45. 你现在在中国多长时间了? 2 The search for a cure(治疗) goes on. _________ _______ have you been in China now? ○

46. 依我看, 最好给我们的老师做些卡片。 △ _________search _________sth./ sb.

1 She went into the kitchen in search of a drink. ________my opinion, =In the __________of me, eg. ○

12

131.

2 They carried out a thorough (彻底的) search of the whole building. ○

it’s best to make some cards for our teachers. 47. 他是18世纪的一位作家。

He is an_________________________ writer

27. among : prep. △ 在……中

1

1 They sat among the crowds. ○2 My house is among the trees. eg. ○

3 I found the letter among his papers. ○

48. 一百年是一个世纪。A hundred years is a_______________. 49. 你哥哥参军多长时间了? (判断对错)

How long has your brother joined the army?

( ) ( )

How long has your brother been in the army/been a soldier?

△ ……之一

2

1 He was among the last to leave. 最后离开者之一。 eg. ○

2 A Chinese woman was among the winners ○

3

50. 这本书我买了5年了。I have bought the book for five years. ( ) △ among ______________(某人之间) 1 Discuss it among yourselves first. I’ve had the book for five years. ( ) eg. ○

2 The children are dividing the sweets among themselves. ○五、非延续性动词和延续性动词之间的转换。

28. crayon : n. 彩色的铅笔(或粉笔、蜡笔)

a colored pencil or stick of soft colored chalk, used for drawing

1 With a hard job in a crayon factory, he doesn't find much eg. ○

1. 转换为相应的延续性动词, 用于现在完成时。 borrow—___________ put on— ___________ get to know—_______ begin /start —be ____ close—be ________ leave — be _________ fall sleep — be ______

buy—___________ catch a cold— _________ get to sleep —_________ go out —be________ open — be ___________ finish — be __________ become — ___________

time to visit his hometown.

2 He likes drawing with crayons. ○

2. 转化为“be + 形容词/副词/介词/名词”

29. shame : n. (U) △ 羞耻; 羞愧; 惭愧

1

1 His face 羞愧而发烫) eg. ○

2 羞愧地低头) ○

3 ○

get to/arrive/reach—be (in) die— be __________

△ a shame: 令人惋惜的事; 让人遗憾的事

2

1 what a shame... eg. What a shame they couldn't come. eg. ○

2 it's a shame about... eg. It's a shame about Tim, isn't it? ○

join — be _______/be a member of make friends —______friends

come/go —_______+ 相应的介词短语

3 it's a shame that... eg. It's a shame that she wasn't here to see it. ○

4 a crying shame= a great shame 后悔莫及 ○

六、根据本单元所学完成短文。

1 put sb./sth. _______shame : 大大胜过; 使相形见拙; A. Family's Yard Sale 【词组】◇

使自愧不如 eg. Their presentation(表演) put ours to shame.

2 shame _________sb. : (责备时说) 真丢脸, 真不害臊 ◇

30. regard : v. 将……认为; 把……视为 △ regard sb./sth. ____________sth.

1

A family of five people wants to have a yard sale. Their children are __________fast. As they get ________ and their house seems to get _________. So they want to sell some of their things in a __________sale and give After they have cleaned _________a lot of things from their bedrooms, they have decided to each sell five things that they __________longer use.

Their son was quite ________at first. Although he hasn't played _______his old toys for a long time, he still wanted to ________them, especially a train and railway __________that he played with it almost every week company while he was a child.

she also felt sad to ___________with certain toys. To be __________, their father had the same feeling. He didn't want to _______up his football shirts, although he hasn't played it for a____________.

eg. I have always regarded him highly/ with the greatest admiration. the money to a _______________ home(儿童之家).

△ regard sb./sth. _____________sth.

2

eg.○1 I regard him as my brother/ as stupid.

2 He regarded himself as a hero. ○

3 She regarded him as (being) without principles(原则). ○

【词组】 ________regards sb./sth. : (fml.) 关于; 至于 eg. ○1 I have little information as regards her fitness (适合) for the post.

2 As regards the fist point in your letter, I quite agree with it. ○

1

regard : n. △ (U) regard _____/_____sb./sth. 注意,关注 from 4 to 7 and his toy monkey that also kept him

○a do sth. with no regard for sb./sth.: 做某事根本不顾及...

c __________regard to : 不理会 ○

b _________/________/_________ little regard for... : 不太爱惜... Their daughter was more _______________, although ○

eg. He was driving

△ (U) regard for sb./sth. 尊敬; 尊重; 敬佩 eg.○1 I had great regard for his abilities.

2

2 Children no longer have proper regard for their children and teachers. ○

B. Hometown Feelings

132.

△ regards: (pl.) (用于信函的结尾或转达问候) 致意; 问候 eg.○1 With kind regards, Yours...

2 Give your brother my regards when you see him. ○

1 ______this/that regard : 在这方面; 在这一点上 【词组】◇

3

Nowadays millions of Chinese leave the __________ to __________for work in cities. _________these is Zhong Wei, a 46-year-old husband and father. He has lived in Wenzhou for long. He doesn't find _______time

eg. I have nothing further to say in this regard.

2 in/_______ regard to sb./sth. : (fml.) 关于; 至于 ◇

to visit his hometown with a hard job in a crayon factory. He __________to return home at least once a year, but he hasn't been back for almost three years now, which is a _______. Zhong Wei like many people ______________with

great interest how his hometown has changed.

Perhaps large hospitals, new roads and new schools have appeared.

Zhong Wei has noticed that's ________of his hometown. A new school is going to be_______ because the old primary school building is really old.

eg. With regard to him, I will remember his kindness forever.

3 as regards sth./as to sth. : 关于, 至于 ◇

eg. As regards tax/As to tax, that will be deducted(扣除) from your salary.

31. count: v. 数数+ ________sth. ( to/up to sth.) 1 Billy can't count yet. ○2 She can count up to 100 in Italian. eg. ○

3 The little boy can count from 1 from 10. ○

1 count sth. _______: 计算(或清点) 总数 ◇

eg. She began to count up how many guests they had to invite.

2 It's the _________that counts. 贵在心意 Such developments are quite good, for his hometown ◇

3 count sb./sth. (as) sb./sth. |_____ sb./sth. : 认为; 看作; 算作 cannot always ________the same. However, some things ◇

1 She counts herself (as) one of the lucky ones. will never ________, according to Zhong. eg.○

2 I count myself lucky to have known him. A big old tree opposite the school is still there and has ○

1 be able to count sb. / sth. _______the fingers of one become a ___________of the place, where most of the 【词组】 ◇

children in Zhong Wei's time liked to play ________. hand : 屈指可数;寥寥无几

eg. She could count on the fingers of one hand the people she actually enjoyed being with.

Many soft and sweet memories have left in people's ____________.

2 don't __________your chickens before they are hatched 海陵区2013—2014学年度第一学期期中考试 ◇

别过早打如意算盘 (C.) Do you like drinking? Maybe you know many interesting stories 2 count __________: 数 (假想中跳栅栏的) 羊入睡 about it. Tea was first grown in China, but it is also very popular in ◇

1 count _________( to sth.) : 倒计时 foreign countries. 【动词搭配】◇

eg. She's already counting down to the big day. There is a saying that British people like a nice cup of tea in

2count __________sb./ count sth. against sb. : (被) 认为对某人不利 the morning and a cup of tea at night. And at half ◇

eg. For that job her lack of experience may count against her.

3 count sb. ________: 把某人算入; 包括 ◇

They like a cup of tea after their dinner time. Before they go to bed, there is a lot to be said about a nice cup of tea!

British people think they like tea best. But in fact, many people in other countries like drinking tea. People in the world like to drink different kinds of

good for their health. In China, many people like drinking green tea. They think green tea can help them keep healthy. ( ) 11. The main idea of the second paragraph is ________.

A. how many cups of tea British people drink every day. B. British people like talking about tea. C. British people can live without tea. D. Tea is very important in British people’s life.

count sb._________: 不把某人算入; 不包括 eg. If you're going out tonight, you'll have to count me out.

eg. I hear you're organizing a trip to the game next week. Count me in!

4 count _________sb./sth. : 依赖; 依靠; 指望(某人做某事) ◇

1 —I'm sure he'll help. —Don't count on it. eg. ○

2 I'm counting on you to help me. ○

3 Few people can count on having a job for life. ○

4 We can't count on this warm weather lasting. ○

32. century: n. 百年; 世纪=100 years

1 the 20th century (=AD 1901—2000 or 1900—1999) eg. ○

2 eighteenth-century writers ○

3 the turn of the century/year : 世纪之交; 表达方式; 辞旧迎新之交 ○

33. according _______: prep. 根(…所说) ; 按(…所报道) ( ) 12. The underlined phrase “idea of heaven”

1 According to Mick, it's a great movie. means ___________. eg. ○

2 You've been absent(缺席的) six times according to our records. A. the happiest thing for them C. their God ○

133.

3 The work was done according to her instructions. ○

B. the saddest thing for people A. 黑茶 B. 红茶

D. their worst thing C. 乌龙茶 D. 绿茶

4 Everything went按照计划) ( ) 13. The underlined phrase “black tea” means ___________ in China. ○

5 Each man will be paid according to his ability. ○

34. opposite: prep. 与……相对; 在……对面

1 I sat opposite him during the meal. eg. ○

2 The bank is opposite the supermarket. ○

3 Write your address opposite (=next to) your name. ○

A opposite : adj. 对面的; 另一面的 ○

( ) 14. From the passage we know ___________. A. Chinese people think no people in other countries like tea in the world. B. Chinese people think they like tea best in the world. C. British people think no people in other countries like tea in the world. D. British people think they like tea best in the world.

A. British people like drinking tea. B. Drinking tea is good for our health. C. There is only one kind of tea in the world. D. Many people in China like drinking green tea.

(D) Peter wondered why he didn’t have many friends. The reason was he was always taking, never giving.

One day Peter told Bill, “I’d like to give a party on Saturday, I’d like you to come and bring Martha, too.” “Thanks, Peter. We’d be happy to come.”

1 Answers are given ________the opposite page. ( ) 15. Which of the following is NOT true? eg. ○

2 We live further down ________the opposite side of the road. ○

B opposite : adv. 相反地; 对面地 ○

eg. There's a newly married couple __________ opposite. (住在对面)

C opposite : n. 对立的人( 或物); 对立面; 反面 ○

1 Hot and cold are opposites. eg. ○

2 What's the opposite of heavy? ○

3 —Is it better now? — ○

35. especially : adv. ( abbr. esp.) △ 尤其; 特别; 格外

1

1 The car is quite small, especially if you have children. eg. ○

2 I love Rome, especially in spring. ○

“Perhaps you’d like to bring your violin. You and Martha sing well together. I’m sure everyone will want you to sing for us.” That was

how Peter began to plan his party. Next he asked the world, Betty, and I like to eat your cake better than have one from the bakery.” Peter invited a few other friends to come to his party. He didn’t forget to ask something from each one of them. He even asked Jim and Mary Jackson to let him give the party at their house! They agreed.

another friend, Betty, to bring a cake. “You make the best cake in

△ 专门; 特地 eg. I made it especially for you.

23

1 I wasn't feeling especially happy that day. △ 十分; 非常 eg. ○

2 —Do you like his novels? —Not especially. ○

36. childhood : n. (U/C) 童年; 幼年; 孩童时期

1 in_________childhood 在婴幼儿时期 eg. ○

2 childhood ______________/experiences 童年的回忆/经历 ○

2 She had a __________childhood. (用有幸福童年) ○

【词组】a/sb's __________childhood : 老小孩时期 37. consider : v. △ 仔细考虑; 细想 1 consider sth. eg. ○1 Please consider my suggestion. ◇

2 She considered her opinions. / I'd like some time to consider. ○

3 She gave us a careful considered response/ decision. ○

1

The party was a big success. However, as the

guests were leaving, they said “Thank you ” to Bill and Martha for the music, Betty for the cake, the

Jacksons for the use of the house and to

others for their hard work. To Peter they just said, “ Thanks for the invitation.”

2 consider _________sth. eg. ○1 We're considering buying a new car. ◇

2 I am considering changing my job. ○

3 consider + wh-从句 ◇

1 He has never considered how to solve the problem. eg. ○

2 He was considering what to do next. ○

2

( ) 16. Peter asks Bill and Martha to bring ________.

A. a violin

B. some toys

C. a cake D. some juice △ 认为; 以为; 觉得 consider sb./sth. (______) sth.

1 This award is considered (to be) a great honor. ( ) 17. The party was held ___________ . eg. ○

2 He considers himself an expert on the subject. A. at Peter’s house B. in a large hall ○

3 These workers are considered (to be) a high-risk group. C. at Peter’s friend’s house D. in a secret place ○

4 Who do you consider ( to be) responsible for the accident? ( ) 18. __________ liked Peter. ○

38. close: adv. (closer, closest) near, not far away 接近, 靠近, 紧挨着, 不远地

1 They sat ○2 eg. ○

3 ○

A. Many of his friends B. Few people C. Everyone D . All his friends ( ) 19. Peter __________ to give the party. A. tried his best B. did nothing

134.

4 A second police car followed

○1 close ______| close_____: 在很近处, 很近地【词组】◇

1 The picture looks very different when you see close to. eg. ○

2 Zhong Wei hasn't been back in close to three years. ○2 close ________to sb. /sth.: very near in space to sb./sth. ◇

离…很近

eg. She stood close to her husband.

3 come ___________to (doing) sth.: to almost reach or do sth. ◇

1 He'd come close to death. ○2 eg. ○4 close _______: almost; nearly 几乎; 接近; 差不多◇

1 2 It is close on midnight. eg. ○○5 close _________hand : 在附近; 在顺手可及的地方 ◇

eg. There are good cafes and a restaurant close at hand. 【例句】She was in line for promotion. 她有望得到提升。 6 close _______sb./sth. : (离……) 不远; 在不远处 ◇

2 The river passes close by the town. 1 Our friends live close by. ○eg. ○

39. hold : v. (held, held) △ 拥有; 持有 1 Employees hold 30% of the shares. eg. ○

2 His hometown is the place that holds all his childhood memories. ○

eg. He was __________prisoners for two years. △ 抓住; 拿着; 抱住; 拖住; 夹着

1 She was holding a large box. ○2 I held the mouse by the tail. eg. ○△ 担任; 任职 eg. How long has he ________office? 3 The girl held her father's hand tightly. ○△ 保持不变 eg. How long will the fine weather____? 4 He was holding the baby _______his arms. ○△ ( 注意力或兴趣)持续不减, 吸引力 5 We were. (手拉手) eg. I can't always __________my attention in class. ○

1

2

567

2013年全国中学生能力竞赛(NEPCS)初赛八年级组试题 A. an; /

A. something; anything

B. a; an

B. anything, something

C. a; /

D. /; /

D. anything; nothing

( ) 1. The post office is quite far from here. It will take you half ________hour to get there by _________bus. ( ) 2. —Did you find ____________to eat in the fridge? —No, I found ____________in it.

C. nothing; anything

( ) 3. This chair is _____________than that one. A. very comfortable B. comfortable C. more comfortable D. the most comfortable ( ) 4. —Are you often late for school, Anna? —No, _______________. I get to school early every day. A. sometimes A. in; on

B. usually B. on; on

C. always C. on; in

A. can

C. two hundreds

A. to talk B. may

D. never D. in; in

C. must

D. might

( ) 5. My sister went to London ___________May 25th, and came back ___________a cold evening last week. ( ) 6. I _________leave now, or I will miss the meeting.

( ) 7. The farmers in that village planted ________trees last year. A. hundred of

B. hundreds of

D. two hundreds of B. talked

C. talks

( ) 8. —______will you stay in Shenzhen for your holiday? —For about three weeks. A. How long B. How often C. How soon D. How far ( ) 9. It's interesting__________ with him. He always likes telling jokes. ( ) 10. Jessica knows a lot of people ________she has few close friends.

D. talk D. while

A. and B. so

C. but

( ) 11. I often_________ that pink skirt because it looks beautiful _________me. A. put on; in B. wear; on C. dress; in D. try on; in ( ) 12. The population of the world __________still __________now. A. was; growing B. will; grow C. is; grows D. is; growing ( ) 13. Ted _______and hurt himself while he _______his bicycle. A. fell; was riding B. fell; rode C. fall; was riding D. falls; was riding ( ) 14. Don't worry. I'm sure you'll __________your classmates if you are kind and friendly to them. A. think about A. Thank a lot

B. make sure B. Enjoy yourself

C. get on well with C. I'm not alone

D. be angry with D. It sounds wonderful

( ) 15. —How about going fishing this afternoon? —__________!

135.

2014人教版八年级英语句式全册归纳复习:

Unit 1. What's the matter? 【重点句型】 Unit 2 I'll help to clean up the city parks. 【重点句型】

1. 这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。 1. 你怎么了? 1. What’ s the matter?

1 What’ s the ____________with you? ○

2 = What’s the ___________with you? ○

3 = What’ s ____________with you? ○

The boy could give __________food _______the food bank. 2. 清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。

Clean-Up ____________is only two weeks _________now. 3. 每周六上午,他都在一'家动物医院当志愿者。 He v_________ at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. 4. 去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。 Last year, she decided to try _________for a volunteer ____________ ______________program.

. . . you can see in their _______that they’re going______ a different journey _________each new book.

6. 我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。

2. 她该怎么办呢?What __________she do?

1 Should I take my_____________? 我应该量一下体温吗? ○

主语+ should/shouldn’t + 动词原形...

2 You should ______down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。 ○

3 You shouldn’ t ______out at night. 你晚上不应该出去。 ○

3. 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢? 5. ……从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每本不同的新书之旅。

Do you think it comes _________a newspaper or a book? 4. 我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。

I think I sat ______the same way for too long _________moving.

5.她说那个男人有心脏病而且应该去住院。 I want to put ___________my plan to work in an _____________hospital ____________next summer. She said that the man had a ________problem and should _____to the hospital. 7. 现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。

Unit 3. Can you please clean your room? 【重点句型】 Most people ___________ are only worried ________ getting good jobs to_____________ lots of money. 1. 你能整理一下你的房间吗?Could you please…..do sth. ?

Could you please _______________your room? 2. 我必须干些活。I have to __________some work. 3. 我可以用一下你的电脑吗? Could I + do sth. ? Could I ______________your computer?

4. 如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。 She won' t be _________if she sees this __________. 5. 整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。 6. 我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。

My mom came_____as soon as I _____down in front of the TV . Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came? 【重点句型】1. —昨晚8 点你在干什么?—我在洗淋浴。 — What ___________you doing ______eight last night? — I was _______________a shower.

_______rain, Ben was helping his mom __________dinner. 3. —琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在干什么?

— What was Jenny doing ________Linda was____________? —琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在帮玛丽做作业。

— While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helping Mary_______her homework. Unit 7 What's the highest mountain in the world? 【重点句型】1. It is ...adj. + (for sb. ) to do sth. eg. 当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。

It is also very hard to take ______air as you get _______the top. 2. ... is because...

8. 在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。

You helped to make _______possible for me to ______Lucky.

Unit 4 Why don't you talk to your parents? 【重点句型】 1. 我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。

I studied _________midnight last night so I didn’t get _______sleep. 2. 你为什么不忘掉它呢?Why don't you forget __________it? 3. 虽然她错了,但这并不是什么大事儿。

Although she's ___________, it's not a big__________. 4. 他应该跟朋友谈谈以便他能说声对不起。

He should talk to his friend so ______he can say he’s _______. 6. 我想我可以.但我不想让他感到惊讶。 I guess I could, but I don’t want to ___________him.

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains. 【重点句型】1. 你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?

So what do you think ________the __________of Yu Gong? 2. It doesn’ t seem + adj . to do sth... eg. 把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。

It doesn’t seem very ___________to move a mountain. 3. This is because... eg. 这是因为他会根据他的形状和大 小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。 This is because he can ________72 changes ___his shape and size, turning himself _______different animals and objects. … so… that+从句【例】有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变 得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。Sometimes he can _______

For one week, she did not do __________housework and ___________did I.

7. hate + ( to do/ doing) sth. I hate to do _______. 我讨厌做杂务。 5. 也许你可以去他家。_______you could go to his house.

2. 当开始下雨的时候,本正在帮他妈妈做晚饭。When it began What do you think about/of...?

136.

eg. 其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。 One of the __________reasons is ___________people want to_________ themselves in the _________of difficulties. 3. ... show(s) that... eg. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明: 我们永远都不应该放弃实现自己的梦想。

The _______of these climbers shows us that we should never give ________tryin g to_____________ our dreams. 4. How high/ deep/...is ... ?

eg. 珠穆朗玛峰有多高?How ___________is Qomolangma? 5. Although..., ... eg. 虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史, 但是日本比加拿大小多了。

Although Japan is ________ than Canada, it is ________smaller. 6. sb. spend time/money doing sth.

eg. 成年大熊猫一天要花1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约。 Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day ________about 10 kilos of_________.

Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum? 【重点句型】1. Have you ever been to... ? eg. 你曾经去过科学博物馆吗?

Have you ever been to a _________________museum? 2. Let’s... eg. 我们今天去个不同的地方吧。 Let’s go _______________different today. 3. It’s + adj. +that...

eg. 科技以如此迅猛的方式发展真是令人难以置信啊! It's _______________that technology has progressed _____such a rapid way! 食品还是日本食品,在新加坡你都能找到!

Whether you like __________food, ____________food or ___________food, you’ll find it all in Singapore! 5. One great thing is that...

eg. 新加坡一个很大的特征是它的气温几乎一年到头都是一样的。 One great thing ________Singapore is that the temperature is almost the same all ___________round. 6. It is best to do sth...

eg. 最好……游览新加坡。 It is best to visit Singapore. 【主要词组】1. 在…上面敷药 put some ___________on sth. 2. 课外阅读项目 3. 做某人分内的事 4. 独自消磨时光做某事 5. 对……有意义 6. 拍打…_______against 8. 在困难的时候 9. 自然界的力量 12. 兜风 _______a ride

______________reading program do one’s __________in (doing ) sth. spend time ____________alone have ____________to

7. 使……分离 break... _________ in___________of difficulty the _____________of nature the _______ of another man’ s feet

the stick so small that he can keep it _________his ear. 5. It take sb. some time to do sth ...

这些(山) 太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。 Because they were ______big that it took a long time to walk _________the other side.

6. …not...until 十从句 eg. 你们到达森林之后才能吃。 Don’t eat it ____________you get to the___________. Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet? 【重点句型】1. Have you….. yet?

eg. —你读过《小妇人》吗? —是的, 我读过。/ 不,我没有。 — Have you read __________ ___________yet? — Yes, I have. /No, I haven’ t.

2. Has... yet? eg. —蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗? —是的,她读过。她觉得它很棒。 — Has Tina read ________ ________yet? — Yes, she has. She thinks it's______________. 3. W ould you like ... ? eg. 你要来点喝的吗? Would you like something to_____________? 4. I heard...

eg. 我听说你丢钥匙了。I heard you ________your key. 5. . . . came to __________how much...

eg. 她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。 She came to __________how much she ____________missed all of them. Unit 10 I've had this bike for three years.

【重点句式】1. How long have you... ?

How long have you __________that bike over there? 2. sb. has/have done sth. for... eg. 艾米拥有她最喜欢的书3 年了。

Amy has _______her favorite book for three years. 3. sb. has/have done sth. since... eg. 自他4 岁生日起,他拥有这个东西了。 He’s __________it since his fourth birthday. 4. Some… Others...

eg. 有些人仍然住在家乡。然而,另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。 ________people still _______in their hometown. However, _________may only see it once or twice a year.

5. 至于我, 我不想放弃我的足球衣。但是, 说实在的, 我现 在巳经有一段时间没有踢(足球)了。

As______me, I did not want to give _______my football shirts, but, to ________honest, I have not played_____a while now. 6. 你是否曾经想过要举办一个庭院拍卖会来出售东西? Have you ever thought________ having a yard _______to sell your things? 7. 你会怎么处理你所筹集到的钱?

What would you do _______the money you___________?

4. Whether..., you'll ... eg. 不管你喜欢印度食品、西方 eg. 那边的那辆自行车你买了多久了?

10. 撞到某人walk _______sb. 11. 另一个人的脚印

137.

138.

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