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新目标动词时态复习课件

发布时间:2014-07-08 13:51:29  

初中英语动词时态讲解

Go for it! 九年级

动词的构成
1.
2.

3.
4. 5.

be 动词 助动词 情态动词 系动词 实义动词

be 动词
?

be动词的几种形式
1) 2) 3) 4)

am is are was were being Been

be动词的用法
1.

与名词、数词、形容词、介词连用
1) 2) 3) 4)

I am a doctor. He is ten. They are tired. The cat is under the table.

be动词的用法
2.

There be 句型
用于不可数名词和可数名词单数之前 There is a pen on the desk. There is some water in the glass. 2) 用于复数名词之前 There are some sheep in the hill. 3) 用于一般将来时 There is going to be a film in our school next Sunday. 4) 用于一般过去时 There was a book on the desk yesterday. 注意:请根据时态和句中的名词选择适当形式。
1)

be动词的用法
3.

Be 动词在时态中的运用
1)

在现在进行时中
We are talking.

2)

在过去进行时中
We were talking at this time yesterday.

助动词
?

助动词的几种形式
1) do

/don’t 2) Does/ doesn’t 3) Did/ didn’t 4) will /won’t 5) have haven’t /has hasn’t/had hadn’t

助动词的用法
1.

对句子进行否定和疑问
1) 2) 3) 4)

Do you get up early every day? I didn’t have lunch yesterday. Will you be back soon? He hasn’t finished the work yet.

2.

在反意疑问句中
1) 2)

He works in a school, doesn’t he? She has never been there,has she?
They helped the farmers , so did we. I won’t visit the famous singer,neither will he.

3.

在倒装句中
1) 2)

情态动词
1.

共同特点
1) 情态动词后面跟动词原型 2) 无论否定、疑问、倒装句、或反意疑问句都用情 态动词 3) 只有时态变化,没有人称变化

情态动词
2.

解释
1)

can / could
在表示请求允许的时候两者和互换, could比can语 气更委婉。 Can I help you? Could you open the window? 在表示有能力作某事时,could是can的过去式。 I can swim. I could swim at the age of five.

情态动词
2.

解释
2)

Must /have to Must 表示主观意愿,否定句用Mustn’t,否定回 答用needn’t I must go now. You mustn’t play in the street. Must I clean the room now? No,you needn’t. have to表示客观条件的限制的“不得不”,它有 时态和人称变化,需要助动词来否定和疑问。 I don’t have to carry the big box. He had to wash his clothes.

情态动词
2.

解释
3)

May
表示请求别人允许。 May I use your bike? 表示可能性。 He may be a teacher. He may live in this building.

系动词
1.

我们所学过的系动词是
1) 2)

Get,turn,be come,be动词 感观动词look,sound,smell,taste, feel

2.

系动词只和形容词连用,构成系表结构
1) 2) 3)

I feel hungry. The day gets longer and longer. He looked happy.

实义动词
1.
2. 3.

实义动词指的是有具体行为意思的动词。 实义动词在句中可以做谓语动词和非谓语 动词。 做谓语动词的用法 动词会有

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