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任务型阅读一

发布时间:2014-07-10 09:19:09  

任务型阅读(一)

一..任务型阅读的训练方向

1.找到阅读短文中的相应信息

2.使用词汇的正确形式

3.提炼长句的“关键词”

3归纳总结加标题

4.分析结构复杂的长句

5.熟练各种文体的篇章布局

二.训练方法

a.原文直接寻找法

Their father’s word is the law.

They have to listen to their father.

b.词形转换/句型转换

Is it possible for the police to find the lost boy?

Is there any possibility that the police will find the lost boy?

c.同义词/反义词

d.前缀/后缀

I am unable to cycle to school because my bike is broken. (be able to)

e.词的固定搭配

In minutes, you can contact another person who shares your love of kites or stamps. Within a short time, it lets you contact another person who has interest in common. f.意译法(paraphrasing)

People who in the dark.

g.句型法 your method. to your method.

解题指导

定位—利用表格中的提示,准确的在文中找到答案的信息来源

选词—尽可能准确完整的表达出文中信息

先确定词义,再确定词性,最后所选词的适当的词形变化

动词,注意时态,语态,三单

名词,主要单复数

形容词副词,注意不同的修饰作用

连词,注意行文的逻辑关系

1.词性转化/前缀后缀

Nowadays, a good education benefits more and more people

1

Nowadays, more and more people ________from good education.

Nowadays, a good education is of ______more and more people.

Nowadays, a good education is _________to more and more people.

2.同义词转化

I think my long and active life must lie in regular exercise.

I think my long and active life must ______from regular exercise.

I think regular exercise must_________/_________to my long and active life.

I think my long and active life must be ___________to regular exercise.

3. 句子结构转换

Tom couldn't agree with his boss’s decision more.

Tom __________to/ ___________ of / was in ___________ of his boss’s decision.

4. 另选其它词来释义

1)Each person may believe that he is correct and that the other person’s view is wrong. we are always __________________ in communication with others.

2). We are continually picking up meanings from others’ behaviors and we are constantly providing behaviors that have communicative value for them.

We are constantly ______________meanings by what we do.

5. 反义词

In the night of that first day of sight, I should not be able to sleep, so full would be my mind of the memories of the day.

_________to sleep, so full would be her mind of the memories of the day.

6.近义词

Children act more like adults than they used to.

Children today _______as if they were adults.

7. 语法转换

Huge waves are created and spread outwards from the hole. The wall of water, a kilometer high, rushes towards southern Africa. Cities on the African coast are totally destroyed and millions of people are drowned.

The sea boils and a huge hole is made in the seabed. A tsunami(海啸)hits southern African,___________ cities on the African coast, and __________ millions of people.

8.格式一致

In the arrival statement, Wen said he is looking forward to the meeting with Singapore on ways to deepen East Asia cooperation between two nations so as to contribute to the building of a peaceful,

三.注意点

1.大小写要区分

2.字母书写要规范 r, v g, y f,t va, w u,n

3.卷面整洁

4.一空一词!!

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四.任务型阅读常用词语

归纳类常用词汇:

原因和结果:reason (for) , result; cause (of) , effect; consequence

异同点与优缺点:difference , similarity; advantage/benefit , disadvantage

功能:function

观点与态度:opinion , view (on/about) , viewpoint , idea ;attitude to/towards

评论、评价:comment (on) , remark (on/upon) , assessment

方式、方法:means , way , method (of) ; solution , approach ( to doing sth. );

take measures to do sth.

目的:purpose , aim , goal 积极和消极:positive/ negative, active /passive;

建议: advice [u] , suggestion , tip 概括、总结: summary , conclusion

特点: feature , characteristic 种类:kind , type , category , class

精神上与身体上:mentally ,physically 影响 : influence , impact , effect (on ) 情形 ,状况 : situation,condition 建立:build , create , establish , found,set up

出现:appear ,occur 实现,完成:reach , realize , accomplish

必要,必需 : must /necessity 方面,项目条款:item / aspect

材料 : materials 知识消息:knowledge / information

日程计划 : schedule / agenda 百分比:percentage

性别 :sex 年龄 : age

满意 :satisfaction 忧虑,担忧,焦急 : concern

(不)熟悉 :familiar /unfamiliar 个人,个人的: individual

细节 :description , detail 文化 : culture

责任 : (take) responsibility 贡献 : (make) contributions to

重要 : value importance significance 比较 : contrast comparison 时期 : period / time 存在 : existence exist 花费 : cost / expense 人口 : population

天气与气候 : weather[u] / climate [c] 位置 : location

主题 : theme 背景 : setting,background

情节 : plot 高潮 : climax

结尾 :ending 反对者与支持者:supporter , opponent

转换类常用句型: make full use of = make the most of 5. consider … = take … better job. 3

reasons = reasons housing = be very = make sense = make a difference ’s life … 28.besides = on top of = in addition to = apart from

32.stop = quit = give up 35.every year = yearly = annually

36.use up = run out of (主动)

37.run out = give out = be used up (被动) ’’s ….

42.be tired out = be worn out = be exhausted = be weary

43.socially responsible = social responsibility

44.sth. benefit sb. = be beneficial to sb. = be of benefit to = sb. benefit from sth .

45.commit oneself to doing sth. = promise to do sth.

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