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初三英语各单元语法总结练习

发布时间:2014-07-10 12:06:05  

人教版初三英语各单元语法总结及练习

第一讲

知识目标:1. 提建议的表达方法

2. aloud, loud与loudly的用法

重点:提建议的表达方法

难点:aloud, loud与loudly的用法

Unit 1 How do you study for a test

点 击 要 点 通过……方式 如:

by 还可以表示:―在…旁‖、―靠近‖、―在…期间‖、―用、‖

―经过‖、―乘车‖等

如:I live by the river. I have to go back by ten o‘clock.

The thief entered the room by the window.

The student went to park by bus.

如:The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影。3. 提建议的句子:

①What/ how about +doing sth.?

如:What/ How about going shopping?

②Why don‘t you + 如:Why don‘t you go shopping?

③ 如:Why not go shopping?

④Let‘s + 如: Let‘s go shopping

⑤如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

4. a lot 许多 常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

5. too…to 太…而不能 常用的句型

如:I‘m too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法

三个词都与"大声"或"响亮"有关。

①但声音不一定很大,

常用在读书或说话上。通常放在动词之后。aloud没有比较级

形式。如: He read the story aloud to his son.

他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听。

②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk,

laugh等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后。如:

She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。

③loudly是副词,与loud同义,有时两者可替换使用,但往往 含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后。如:

He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

7. not …at all 一点也不 根本不 如:

I like milk very much. I do我非常喜欢牛奶。我一点也不喜欢咖啡。

not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾

8.

如:

我对去北京感到兴奋。

1

9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做某事 如: 晚会以唱歌而结束。 ②如:

晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

10. first of all 首先

. to begin with 一开始

later on 后来、随

11. 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间 也 (用于肯定句) 常在句末

12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don‘t laugh at me! 不要取笑我!

14. take notes 做笔记,做记录 喜欢做…乐意做… 如: 她喜欢踢足球。

过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。

16. native speaker 说本族语的人

17. make up 组成、构成

…其中之一 如:

她是最受欢迎的教师之一。

19. 对于某人来说)做某事… 如:It‘s difficult (for me ) to study English.

对于我来说学习英语太难了。

句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English

如:

她经常练习说英语。

如:

李雷已经决定去北京。

22. unless 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句

如:You will fail unless you work hard..假如你不努力你会失败。 I won‘t write unless he writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem. 担心某人/ 某事

如:Mother worried about his son just now.

妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如:

I was angry with her. 我对她生气。

26. perhaps === maybe 也许

27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。

28. 看见某人正在做某事 看见某人在做某事 如:

如: 她看见他正在教室里画画。

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29. each other 彼此

30. regard… as … 把…看作为…. 如:

The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

31. too many 许多 如:

too much 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:

much too 太 修饰形容词 如:32. change… into… 将…变为…

如:The magician changed the pen into a book.

这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书。

33.

如:with the help of LiLei == with LiLei‘s help

在李雷的帮助下

34. compare … to … 把…与…相比

如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky.

你和安娜相比,你是幸运的。

35. instead 代替 用在句末,副词(字面上常不译出来)

如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I‘m going to Shanghai instead.去年夏天我去北京, 今年我将要去上海。 I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去。

He stayed at home instead of going swimming.

他呆在家里而不是去游泳。

基础巩固

一单项选择

( )1.---- How do you study ______ a test?

---- I study ______ working with a group.

A: for by B: by in C: for from

( )2.Have you ever ______ with a group?

A: study B: studying C: studied

( )3.My sister said she studied by ________ English-language videos.

A: watch B: watching C: watched

( )4.What about _______ the textbook?

A: reading B: read C: to read

( )5.It improves my _______ skills

A: spoken B: speak C: speaking

( )6.I have trouble ________ the new words.

A: memorize B: memorizing C: to memorize

( )7.I don‘t know how ________ commas.

A: use B: to used C: used

( )8.Miss Li regards all his students _______ his children.

A: as B: for C: to

( )9.If you don‘t know how to spell new words, look them _____ in a dictionary.

A: up B: for C: after

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( )10.The small boys decided ________ to each other.

A: not talk B: not talking C: not to talk

三.完形填空 (10分)

I like English very much. I think English is very important and . Here are my opinions of I think there are many ways learn English. For example, asking the teacher said he had trouble English. His English is very poor. So he reads aloud every morning. Now he can speak English very well. Watching English shows on TV can also be helpful. You can learn many words them. Remember ―Where there is a , there is a way.‖ Believe you can do it .

( )1.A: useful B: use C: used

( )2.A: learn B: learns C: learning

( )3.A: to B: for C: of

( )4.A: to B: for C: of

( )5.A: friend B: a friend C: friends

( )6.A: learn B: learning C: to learn

( )7.A: speak B: spoken C: speaking

( )8.A: by B: in C: from

( )9.A: shall B: can C: will

( )10.A: well B: good C: bad

四.阅读理解(20分)

A

This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English. Many said they learnt by using English. Some students had more specific suggestions. Lillian Li, for example, said the best way to learn new words was by reading English magazines. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. When we asked about studying grammar, she said, ―I never study grammar. It‘s too boring.‖

Wei Ming feels differently. He‘s been learning English for six years and really loves it. He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. He also thinks that watching English movies isn‘t a bad way because he can watch the actors say the words. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly.

Liu Chang said that joining the English club at school was the best way to improve her English. Students get lots of practice and they also have fun. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. ―We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese,‖ she said.

阅读文章,判断下列句子是否正确,正确的写 ―T‖,错误的写 ―F‖

( )1. Lilian Li thought the best way to learn new words was by memorizing them.

( )2.Lilian Li never studied grammar.

( )3.Wei Ming has learned English for seventy-two months.

( )4.Joining the English club at school was Liu Chang‘s best way to improve her English.

( )5.Liu Chang thought having conversations with friends was helpful.

B

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根据日历选择正确答案

( )1. What activity does the Community Center have on Tuesday?

A: Chess Club Meeting B: Bing go C: Movie

( )2. When is the sewing class?

A: on Monday B: On Friday C: On Wednesday

( )3. What time does the movie start on January 9?

A: 9 pm B: 8 pm C. 10-11 pm

( )4. If you want to go to Shopping Trip, when can you go?

A: On Jan 11 B: On Tuesday 7-9 pm C. On Jan 27

( )5. What is happening on Jan 20?

A: Dance Class B: Dinner and Dancing C: Shopping Trip

五.翻译句子(10分)

1.I study by reading the textbook.

______________________________________________________________.

2.I can‘t pronounce some of the new words.

_______________________________________________________________.

3.It wasn‘t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked.

_______________________________________________________________.

4.He thinks making flashcards is a good way to learn English.

_______________________________________________________________.

5.Tom said studying grammar is not helpful at all.

________________________________________________________________.

5

六.根据中文完成句子(10分)

1.我的叔叔经常询问我的学习情况。

My uncle often ________ me _________ my study. 2.他说最好的学习新单词的方法是通过看英语杂志。

He said the best _______ _______ learn the new words was _______ reading English magazines. 3.听磁带是一种好的学习英语的方法。

________ _______ _________ is a good way to study English. 4.他们以中文结束了对话。

They ______ ______ ________ in Chinese.

七.写作(10分)

以―How do I study English?‖为题写一篇小短文。可以写你学习英语的困难以及学习方法。

要求:不少于30单词;字迹工整;

How do I study English?

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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第二讲

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:1. used to do sth.

2.反意疑问句

重点难点: 反意疑问句

Unit2 I used to be afraid of the dark

1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

否定形式: didn‘t use to do sth. / used not to do sth.

如:He used to play football after school. 放学后他过去常常踢足球。

.

He 他过去不吸烟。

2. 反意疑问句

①肯定陈述句+否定提问 如:Lily is a student, isn‘t she?

②否定陈述句+肯定提问 如:

She You ③提问部分用代词而不用名词 Lily is a student, isn‘t she?

④陈述句中含有否定意义的词,如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等。其反意疑问句用肯定式。 如: He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗? 他们几乎不明白,不是吗?

3. play the piano 弹钢琴

4. ②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣

如: English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物

6. still 仍然,还

用在be 动词的后面 如:I‘m still a student.

用在行为动词的前面 如:7. the dark 天黑,晚上,黑暗

8. 害怕… 如: 如:9. on 副词,表示(电灯、电视、机械等)在运转中/打开,

其反义词off. with the light on 灯开着

10. walk to somewhere 步行到某处 walk to school 步行到学校

11. spend 动词,表示―花费金钱、时间‖

①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)

② 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事 如:

He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着 他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

7

如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元买这本书。

常用的结构有:

take sb. … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book.

13. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊 如:

我喜欢和他聊天。

worry 是动词

be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 worried 是形容词

如:Don‘t worry about him. 不用担心他。

Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。

15. all the time 一直、始终

如:

A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院。

刘把我送回了家。(home 的前面不能用to)

17. hardly adv. 几乎不、没有

hardly ever 很少

hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义

动词之前 助动词/情态动词+hardly

hardly + 实义动词 如:

I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们。

I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了。

18. miss v. 思念、想念、 错过

19. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时连用 如:

在过去的几年内我在中国住。

20. be different from 与…不同

21. how to swim 怎样游泳

不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定工短语。如: 问题是什么时候开始。

I don‘t know 我不知道去哪。

22. 23. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

24. it seems that +从句 看起来好像…… 如:

It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多。

25. 帮某人某事 帮某人做某事 她帮助我学英语。

她帮助我学习英语。

26. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 15岁的

fifteen-year-olds 作名词指15岁的人

fifteen years old 指年龄 15岁 如: 一个15岁的男孩 岁的人喜欢唱歌。 我是15岁。

27.支付不起…

8

如:I can‘t/couldn‘t afford I can‘t/couldn‘t afford 我买不起这个辆小车。

28. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力 如:

她尽她最快的能力去跑。

29. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦

30. in the end 最后

31. make a decision 下决定 下决心

32. 令某人惊讶 如:

to their surprise 令他们惊讶 to LiLei‘s surprise令李雷惊讶

33. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如:

他的爸爸总是以他而自豪

如:

You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友。

如:

She is able to do it. 她能够做到。

36. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 如:

My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。

37.不再 ①

I play tennis no more/ longer.我不再打网球。

② 如:

I 我不再打网球。

38. go to sleep 入睡

基础巩固

一 单项填空(本大题有15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

在每小题的三个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案,将答题卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。

[ ]26. Mario is afraid of A. be B. being C. is D. /

[ ]27. You used to be outgoing, A. do you B. don‘t you C. didn‘t you D. did you

[ ]28. I haven‘t A. see B. saw C. seen D. seeing

[ ]29. I used to have short hair, but now I have A. curly B. long C. straight D. brown

[ ]30.----- You used to be short, ------Yes , I A. didn‘t, did B. usedn‘t, used C. didn‘t, used D. usedn‘t, did

[ ]31. Playing basketball is very A. interesting, interesting B. interested, interesting

C. interesting, interested D. interested, interested

[ ]32. ----Who do you often swim -----I swim with my classmates, because I am A. /, on B. with, on C. with, in D. with, of

[ ]33. The glass is broken, Try to A. find out B. look C. see D. found

9

[ ]34. My life has changed A. a lot of B. lots of C. a lot D. a lots of

[ ]35. He‘s always busy. And he A. gets used to B. used to C. got used to D. is used for

[ ]36. The light in his room was .

A. in, in B. on, on C. in, on D. on, in

[ I‘m so busy.

A. that B. what C. how D. /

[ ]38. You can find out the answer to it only in the A. rightly B. right C. wrong D. true

[ ]39. I used to A. take, to play B. cost, playing C. spent, on D. spend, playing

[ ]40. His father makes a living A. by B. with C. for D. through

二、完形填空(本大题有10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后在各小题所给的三个选项中,选出一个最佳答案,将答题卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。 There is a factory near No.14 Middle School. It opened in 1989.Uncle Wang has worked there

as Class 3‘s turn. They arrived about the factory. Then the students followed him to No.1 Machine Shop. Uncle Wang told them the machines because they were dangerous. He was afraid that the students might hurt , In one corner they saw cutting machines. These machines cut big pieces of metal into small pieces. In They saw a big and different pieces of metal together. The workers there all

lot of things there.

[ ]41. A .in B. for C. form D. since

[ ]42. A. in B on C./ D. at

[ ]43.A. everything B. nothing C. something D. anything

[ ]44. A. not touch B. not to touch C. didn‘t touch D. don‘t touch

[ ]45. A. themselves B. them C. theirs D. their

[ ]46. A . other B .the other C. another D. others

[ ]47.A. noise B. noisy C .loud D. loudly

[ ]48.A. worked B. took C. joined D made

[ ]49.A. wore B. wear C. put on D. dressed

[ ]50.A. safely B. safe C. health D. healthy

三 阅读理解(本大题有15小题,每小题2分,共30分)

阅读下列短文,并做每篇短文后的题目。从每小题所给的四个选项中,选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案,将答题卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。

A

Perhaps you have heard a lot about the Internet, but what is it, do you know? The Internet is a network.. It uses the telephone to join millions of computers together around the world.

Maybe that doesn‘t sound very interesting. But when you‘re joined to the Internet, there are lots and lots of things you can do. You can send E-mails to your friends, and they can get them in a few seconds. You can also do with all kinds of computers now. They can all be joined to the Internet. Most of them are small machines sitting on people‘s desks at home, but there are still many others in schools, offices or large companies(公司). These computers are owned by people and companies, but no one really owns the Internet itself. There are lots of places for you to go into the Internet. For example, your school may have the Internet. You can use it during lessons or free time. Thanks to the Internet, the world is becoming smaller and smaller. It is possible for you to work at home with a computer in 10

front, getting and sending the information you need. You can buy or sell whatever you want by the Internet. But do you know 98% of the information on the Internet is in English? So what will English be like tomorrow?

[ ]51. What is the passage mainly about?

A. Internet. B. Information C. Computers. D.E-mails

[ ]52. Which is the quickest and cheapest way to send messages to your friends?

A. By post B. By E-mails C. By telephone D. By satellite(卫星)

[ ]53. Which may be the most possible place for people to work in tomorrow?

A. In the office B. At school C. At home D. In the company

[ ]54. Who‘s the owner of the Internet?

A. The headmaster B. The officer C. The user D. No one

[ ]55. What does the writer try to tell us with the last two sentences?

A. English is important in using the Internet

B. The Internet is more and more popular

C. Most of the Internet is in English

D. Every computer must have the Internet

B

Cell Phones

Do you still remember a few years ago when the pagers ( BP机) were popular and cheap? At that time, cell phones were expensive But now, more and more people have got cell phones in China. In fact, there are more cell phone accounts than regular phone accounts! Business people, school children, and even grandmothers have cell phones.

These new phones get better all the time. We can use them to talk to people, write and send short messages, and go onto e-mails. We can also play games on them. Some cell phones can even take pictures like a camera.

Choose the best answer:

[ ]56 .What things were cheap a few years ago?

A. Computers. B. Cell phones C. E-mails D. Pagers

[ ]57. What does the underlined word ‖them‖ refer to?

A. Pagers B. Cheap phones C. Cell phones D. Computers

[ ]58. Now, cell phones are very A. common B. expensive C. boring D. unusual

[ ]59. According to the passage what CANNOT you do with cell phones?

A. Go on-line B. Read e-mails C. Watch TV D. Send messages

[ ]60. Which of the following are cell phones like?

A. Televisions B. Computers C. Books D. Pagers

C

配对阅读,右栏是8条信息,请将这些信息与左栏的问题配对,并将答案的字母编号填写在答题卷的相应位置上。

61.I wonder if a writer can learn a lot from other writers‘ A. For a student, he or she should do the reading

books and stories.

62.I think writers are great. So I also wish to be a writer

some day. But I want to know how to be a good writer.

63. I want to be a writer, but I spend much time in

watching TV instead of reading books. Is it good?

64. My friend says a good writer can do the reading

homework well. B. It isn‘t good. Nearly all great writers read too long before they started to school, and read for hours and hours every day since they became good writers. C. You should become a good writer. D. Yes, that‘s right. A good writer can read well, so you 11

homework my teacher asks us to do easily. Is that right? will find it easy to do the reading homework your teacher

65. I want to read all kinds of books but my mother

doesn‘t let me do so. I am worried about it. asks you to do. E. Your mother is right. Only doing good reading can help

you to be a good writer. Some of the books are not good

for students.

F. As we know books are our best friends, they can give us

much knowledge and make us happy. So a writer can learn

a lot from other writers‘ books and stories.

G. I would like to remind you that you will need to be a

To:esalon@263.net

From:Kate@tom.com

Subject: The mobile phone problem

Dear Editor:,

I am a reader of English Salon, I like English Salon very much. Now I have a problem. I hope you can give me some

advice.

I am a middle school student. I used to bring a mobile phone with me during school hours. But the teachers of out

school think using mobile phones is a distraction(分散注意力的事)during school hours and it also causes so much

trouble in class. So now we are not allowed to bring mobile phones to school.

I find it really inconvenient(不方便的). My parents feel unhappy because they can‘t get in touch with me. But I can‘t

make our school change this rule. What do you think I should do to settle this problem>

Yours sincerely,

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Kate

Information Card

Occupation(职业)of the writer Problem Reason for writing the e-mail

The school rule

第三讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:指示代词用法,名词复数变化规则

重点难点:名词复数变化规则

Unit 3 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes

点 击 要 点

1.语态:

①英语有两种语态:主动语态和补动语态

主动语态表示是动作的执行者

被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者

Cats eat fish. (主动语态)猫吃鱼。

Fish is eaten by cats. (被动语态)鱼被猫吃。

②被动语态的构成

由―助动词be +及物动词的过去分词‖构成

助动词be 有人称、数和时态的变化,其变化规则与be 作为连系动词时完全一样。

时态 被动语态结构 例句

一般现 English in many

在 时 are +过去分词 countries.

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一般过去 时

情 态

动 词 ③被动语态的用法

当我们不知道谁是动作的执行者,或者没有必要指出谁是动作的执行者,或者只需强调动作的承受者时,要用被动语态。

Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视。

be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事(被动语态)如:

LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州。

3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞

让/使(别人)做某事 get sth. done(过去分词)

have sth. done 如:

I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车

4. enough 足够

形容词+enough 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮

如:enough food 足够食物

足够…去做… 如:

I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。

她够大去读书了。

5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 请停止说话。

请停下来说话。

6. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth. = it seems that +从句

他看起来好像很伤心。

7. 系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起构成谓语。常用的连系动词有:be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词。 如:

They are very happy. He became a doctor two years ago. She felt very tired.

8. 倒装句:

由so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语 意为:…也是一样

She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。

她刚才去学校了,我也是

她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。

她将去学校,他也是。

9. yet 仍然,还 常用在否定句或疑问句当中

10. stay up 熬夜如:我经常熬夜到12点。

11. clean up 打扫 整理 如:

I have cleaned up the bedroom. 我已经打扫完了卧室。

12. 程度副词:

always总是 usually经常 sometimes有时 never从不

如:I am always/usually/sometimes/never late for school.

我总是/经常/有时/从不上学迟到。

13. 曾经做某事:

Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don‘t.

14 were + 过去分词 The work right now.

.

14. go shopping(去购物), go fishing(去钓鱼), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去划船), go hiking(去登山), go trekking(去徒步)

15. be strict with sb. 对某人严厉 如:

妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。

16. take the test 参加考试

pass the test 通过考试

fail a test 考试失败

17. the other day 前几天

18. agree 同意 反义词 disagree不同意 动词

agreement 同意 反义词 disagreement 不同意 名词

18. keep sb/ sth. +形容词 使某人/某物保持…. 如:

We should keep our city clean.我们应该保持我们的城市干净。

19. +动词复数形式

如: Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.

如: 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语

如:22. at present 目前

23. at least 最少 at most 最多

24. 花费 take ,cost, spend , pay

sb. sb. sb. 25. have +时间段+off 放假,休息 如:have 2 days off

26. reply to 答复某人 如:She replayed to MrGreen. 同意某事 如: 如:28. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍 如:

Her social life got in the way of her studies. 她的社会生活妨碍了她的学习。

29. success n. succeed v. successful adj. successfully adv.

30. think about 与think of 的区别

①当两者译为: 认为、想起、记着时,两者可互用

I often think about/ of that day. 我经常想起那天。

②think about 还有―考虑‖之意 ,think of 想到、想出时两者不能互用

At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主意。

We are thinking about going Qinzhou. 我们正在考虑去钦州。

31. 对… 热衷,对…兴趣 如:She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞热衷。 如:She is serious about him. 她对他感兴趣。 练习做某事 33. care about sb. 关心某人 如:Mother often care about her son.

34. also 也 用于句中

either也 用于否定句且用于句末

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too 也 用于肯定句且用于句末

I am also a student. 我也是一个学生

I am a student too. 我也是一个学生。

I am not a student either. 我也不是一个学生。

基础巩固

一、 单项选择:(15分)

( ) 1.—Jim enjoys listening to pop music. — .

A. So does Helen. B. Also is Helen

C. Helen likes also D. So Helen does

( ) 2. Our English teacher is very strict ___ us and he is strict ____his teaching.

A. with, at B. with, with C. at, at D. with, in

( ) 3. —What‘s the matter?

—They said I should not be allowed here. They don‘t allow __in the waiting room.

A. smoking, to smoke B. to smoke, smoke

C. to smoke, smoking D. smoking, smoking

( ) 4. He doesn‘t do his homework __________, though he has ___________.

A. carefully enough, enough time B. enough carelessly, time enough

C. carelessly enough, enough time D. enough carefully,enough time

( ) 5. The little child was too ____________to hear the end of the long speech.

A. sleepy B. asleep C. sleep D. sleeping

( ) 6. Everyone ____________to have at least eight__________sleep at night.

A. needs, hour‘s B. need, hours‘ C. needed, hour‘s D. needs, hours‘

( ) 7. We should go to school at 8:00 ______________ school mornings.

A. at B. in C. on D. of

( ) 8. Something is wrong with my PDA.I will get it ___________ .

A. repair B. repairing C. to repair D. repaired

( ) 9. ——Excuse me, you are _________ of my passing through. ——I‘m sorry, here you go.

A. on the way B. in the way

C. out the way D. off the way

( ) 10. Jill didn‘t finish the homework,_________.

A. either B. too C. also D. neither

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( ) 11. You must concentrate more _________ your English.

A. to B. in C. on D. at

( ) 12. That is a good way to keep _________ teachers and students happy.

A. either B. none C. all D. both

( ) 13. Don‘t get_________ when you study in groups.

A. noise B. noises C. noisy D. noising

( ) 14. We should learn _________ each other.

A. to B. from C. for D. of

( ) 15. The children often take time to do things like_________.

A. volunteer B. to volunteer C. volunteers D. volunteering

二.完形填空(15分)

Small cars may take the place of(代替)big cars in the future(将来). There is 1 for only two people in such a car. If everyone 2 such a car , there will be less pollution 3 (污染)the air. There will also be more space for 4 cars in cities, and the streets will be less crowded. The little cars will cost 5 less. Driving will be 6_ ,too, as these little cars can go only 65 kilometers per hour. If big cars are still used along with the small 7, two sets of road will be8 in the future. Some roads will be used 9 the big, fast cars, and 10 roads will be needed for the slower small ones.

( ) 1. A. place B. space C. a room D. seat

( ) 2. A. rides B. drives C. pushes D. pulls

( ) 3. A. for B. on C. in D. at

( ) 4. A. stopping B. stop C. parking D. park

( ) 5. A. lots of B. many C. much D. more

( ) 6. A. danger B. dangerous C. safe D. safer

( ) 7. A. one B. ones C. seat D. seats

( ) 8. A. need B. needing C. needs D. needed

( ) 9. A. as B. by C. for D. in

( ) 10. A. the other B. the another C. another D. other

三.阅读理解:(20分)

( A )

Hundreds of years ago there lived a king in a small country. He liked swimming. When summer came, he always went to another palace by a forest with his guards and returned to the capital in autumn.

One afternoon the king went swimming in a river in the forest but he didn‘t tell others about it. He was very happy when he swam in the water. After that he heard a great noise and saw a big bear coming at him. He tried his best to run away. He ran and ran and at last he lost his way. He was hungry and tired when he found an old house. There was an old farmer in it. ―It‘s your king,‖ he said to the old man.‖ I‘m hungry now. Bring me something to eat quickly!‖

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The old man had nothing dear. He only had four eggs. The king ate them and felt better.‖ How much must I pay you for that?‖ ―Eighteen pounds.‖

―How dear they are! Are eggs rare(稀有的)here?‖

―No,‖ answered the old farmer. ―We have only one king in our country!‖

( ) 1. _________, he was happy.

A. The river was beautiful B. He was swimming in the water

C. The water was warm D. The king could swim for a long time

( ) 2. When the king saw the bear, he _________.

A. asked the old farmer to help him B. cried for help

C. ran away quickly D. ran outside the forest

( ) 3. At last the king found _________.

A. an old house B. his guards C. his capital D. the bear

( ) 4. The king felt better because _________.

A. he could sleep in the farmer‘s house B. the bear couldn‘t find him

C. he ate four eggs D. the farmer knew he was a king

( ) 5. Which is the best title of the story?

A. The King and the Old Farmer B. The King in the Forest

C. The King and the Bear D. The Kind hearted King

( B )

An old scientist recently made several tests with different animals to find out which was cleverer than other animals.

In one test the old scientist put a monkey in a room where there were several boxes. Some boxes were inside other boxes. One small box had some food in it. The scientist wanted to watch the monkey and to find out how long it would take the monkey to find the food. The scientist left the room. He waited a few minutes outside the door. Then he got down on his knees (膝盖) and put his eyes to the keyhole. What did he see? To his surprise, he found himself looking into the eye of the monkey. The monkey was on the other side of the door and looked at the scientist through the keyhole.

( ) 6. The scientist did the test to see ____________.

A. if the monkey would steal (偷) the food B. if the monkey would look for the food

C. if the monkey was cleverer than other animals

D. if some boxes were inside other boxes

( ) 7. In one test the scientist put a monkey __________.

A. into a small box B. into several small boxes

C. into a box where there was some food D. in a room

( ) 8. After the scientist left the room, the monkey_________.

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A. began to eat food B. began to look for food

C. looked at the scientist through the keyhole D. came into the boxes one after another

( ) 9. The scientist_______________.

A. got down on his knees and waited outside the door

B. got down on his knees and heard with his ears

C. left the room for a long time

D. looked at the monkey through the keyhole with his eyes

( ) 10. To the scientist‘s surprise ______________.

A. the monkey got down on its knees B. the monkey came out of the room

C. the monkey looked at the scientist through the window

D. the monkey put its eye to the keyhole

四.任务型阅读: (10分)

Country Capital Language(s)

India New Delhi Hindi and English

Canada Ottawa English and French Russia Moscow Russian

Egypt Cairo Arabic

Singapore Singapore City Malay, Chinese, Tamil and English 根据上面的表格用一个或两个词完成下面句子:

1. If you go to , maybe some people can understand you.

2. Egyptians speak .

3. If you go to , you must learn Russian well.

4. The capital of Singapore is .

5. From the form(表格), we can see that is the most important language.

五.词汇

(一)根据所给汉语和首字母,写出正确的英语单词,使其句意完整: (10分)

6. —What‘s the result? —My mother will make the ________________(决定).

7. .Don‘t get your ears p_______________.

8. Only then will I have a chance to a____________ my dream.

9. All the students must c__________________ their attention on their work.

10. At last, they s_______________ in finishing that hard work.

(二)综合填空(15分)

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用方框中所给词的适当形式填空,使短文意思正确通顺。

go, with, difference, anymore, wonder, be, do, family, interest, friend, daughter,in

Most parents shout at their children when their son or 1 fails to do his/her homework. But my parents are 2. They often say, ―Play more, read more, and watch more.‖ Sometimes when I am doing my homework at night, my dad will say to me, ―Do not do it 3. Go to play!‖ Sometimes I am puzzled and 4 about the reason. Then they will answer, ―You are a big girl now. You can do what you‘re 5 in. We think you have the right.‖ I thank my parents for 6 so thoughtful.

In many 7 , parents and children can‘t communicate well. Parents usually make their children 8 what they don‘t want to do. Things are different 9 me. I have open-minded and humorous parents. My family also has a 10 warm atmosphere(气氛). I like my parents very much, and I think they are very cool.

1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5.________

6.________ 7.________ 8.________ 9.________ 10.________

六、书面表达: (15分)

国有国法,校有校规。在你的学校中一定有很多规章制度来规范中学生的行为,使学生们都能健康成长。请你写一篇小短文向大家介绍某条校规、校纪,如能用自己的观点来评价就更好了。(70词左右)

第四讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:虚拟语气

重点难点:虚拟语气

Unit 4 What would you do?

点 击 要 点

1. if 引导的非真实性条件状语从句 即 虚拟语气

通过动词形式的变化来表示说话人对发生的动作或存在的状态

所持的态度或看法的动词形式称为语气,虚拟语气表示说话人所说的

话不是事实,而是一种祝愿,建议或是与事实相反的假设等。

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If 引导的条件状语从句分为真实和非真实条件句,非真实条件

句应用虚拟语气。如果要表示与现在或将来事实相反时,其虚拟语气结构为:

句 型

谓语动词形式 条件从句 动词过去式(be动词用

were) 主 句 would+动词原形

即:(从句)if +主语+动词过去式(be 动词用were), 一般过去时

(主句) 主语 过去将来时

如:如果我有时间,我就会去散步。(事实上我现在没有时间)

假如我是你的话,我会带上雨伞。(事实上我不是你) 假如有人请我当电影演员,我会表示拒绝。(事实上瑞没有人请我当电影演员)

2. pretend to do sth. 假装做某事

pretend +从句 假装…

3. be late for 迟到 如:

4. a few 与 a little 的区别,few 与 little 的区别

⑴ a few 一些 修饰可数名词

a little 一些 修饰不可数名词

如:他有一些朋友。

在瓶子里有一些糖。

⑵ few 少数的 修饰可数名词

little 少数的 修饰不可数名词 但两者表否定意义

如:他没有几个朋友。

在瓶子里没有多少糖。

5. still 仍然,还 用在be动词之后,行为动词之前 如:

我仍然是个学生 我仍然爱他。

6. hundred, thousand , million, billion (十亿)词前面有数词或several

一词时要不能加s ,反之,则要加s 并与of 连用, 表示数量很 多 如:several hundred/ thousand/ million/ billion people

几百/千/百万/十亿人 hundreds of trees 上百棵树

如果…怎么办, 要是… 又怎么样 如:

What if she doesn‘t come? 要是她不来怎么办?

What if LiLei knows? 如果李雷知道了怎么办?

8. add sth. to sth. 添加…到… 如: I added some sugar to water. 我把糖添加到水里。

9. 系动词与形容词连用 get nervous 变得紧张

feel shy 觉得害羞 look friendly 看起来友好

10. too +形/副+to do sth. 太…而不能 如:

I‘m 我太累了而不能站。

11. help with sth. 如: help sb. do. 如:他们帮助你放松

12. in public 在公共场所 如:

Don‘请不要在公共场所吸烟。

如:她是一个活力的女孩。

如:她有活力。

14. 叫…做某事

叫…不要做某事

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告诉…做某事 告诉…不要做某事

如:Teacher asked me to clean the classroom.

15. start doing == start to do. 开始做某事 如:

他开始说话。

如:

I borrowed a book from Lily. 我从莉莉那里借来一本书。

如:我正在等他。

如:

I introduced Lily to Anna. 我把莉莉介绍给安娜。

如:

莉莉邀请我去她家吃晚饭。

20. have dinner/ supper 吃晚饭

have lunch/ breakfast 吃午餐、吃早餐

21. plenty of 修饰不可数名词,也可以修饰可数名词 许多 如:

他们有许多的食物/苹果。

22. 给某人某物 give sth. to sb. 如: give an apple to me

give sb. sth. give me an apple 给我一个苹果

23. get along with sb. 与…相处 如: 你和你的朋友相处得好吗? 表示愿做某事而不愿做某事 如:

25. whole 整个

26. in fact 事实上

27. let sb. down 让某人失望 如:

Don‘t let your mother down. 不要让你的妈妈失望。

28. come up with sth. 提出 想出 如:他提出了一个好主意。 catch up with sb. 追上 赶上 如: 莉莉赶上了安娜。

29. have experience doing 在做某事有经验如:

我在教英语方面有经验。

如:这种杂志每周出一次。

31. by accident 偶然地,无意之中 如:

Last week I cut my finger by accident. 上个星期我不小心割到自己的手指。

32. hurry to do 匆忙… 33. more than 超过

宾语从句 宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。

常由下面的一些词引导:

他说他在家里。

㈡由if , whether 引导 表示 一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等)

I don‘t know

我不知道韦华是否喜欢鱼。

你知道他想要买什么吗?

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㈣从句时态要与主句一致

当主句是一般现在时,从句根据情况使用任何时态

他说他在家里。

I 我不知道她正在唱歌。

她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。

你知道他将会什么时候回来? 当主句是一般过去时,从句应使用过去某时态(一般过去时, 过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时)

他说他在家里。

I 我不知道她正在唱歌。

她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。 你知道他将会什么时候回来?

基础巩固

一、单项选择(15分)

( )1.If I____ you, I‘d take a small present with some nice words on it.

A. was B. were C. am D. be

( ) 2.What____you ____if you got hurt at home?

A. has; done B. will; do C. would; do D. are; doing

( ) 3.The girl won____ dollars in a lottery.

A. a million B.millions C.million of D.two millions

( ) 4.What____you fell and hurt your knee?

A.weather B.whether C.if D.though

( ) 5. If I ____not so busy, I____ go with you.

A. was; would B. were; would C. was; should D. were; should ( )6. ----Are you going to buy a camera?

----Yes, but there are so many kinds that I can‘t decide ____to buy.

A. what B. which C. how D. where

( ) 7. ----The box is ____heavy ____to carry. Can you help me? -----Certainly.

A. so; for B. much; of C. very; to D. too; for

( ) 8.I found Tom easy to get along_______.

A. to B .for C. with D. about

( ) 9. -----Could you give the book _____ Alice ____ me?

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-----Sure.

A. to; for B. for; to C. to; to D. for; for

( )10.Tomorrow you must _____your exercise-book to me。

A. take B. bring C. carry D. get

( ) 11.We stopped_____ carefully, but heard nothing.

A. hearing B. to listen C. listening D. to hear

( ) 12.If you don‘t fell well, you may just _____.

A. stopped working B. stop working C. stopped to work D. stop to work

( ) 13.Who do you think _____ English best in your class?

A. learn B. learning C. learns D. learned

( )1 4.Jenny is ill. She ____a cold since last week.

A. has caught B. caught C. had D. had

( ) 15.He won‘t____ you____. He will always help you.

A. let; down B. ; out C. give; down D. ; out

二、完形填空(15分)

My son Joey was born with club feet. The doctors said that with treatment he would be able to walk, but would never run very well. The first three years of his life was (16)____ in hospital. By the time he was six, you wouldn‘t know he has a problem when you saw him (17)____.

Children in our neighborhood always ran around during their play, and Joey would jump and run and play, (18)_____. We never told him that he probably wouldn‘t be able to run like the other children. So he didn‘t know.

In his(19)_____ grade, he decided to join the school running team. Every day he trained. He ran more than any of the others, (20) ____only the top seven runners would be chosen to run for the school. We didn‘t tell him he probably would never make the team, so he didn‘t know.

He ran four to five mile every day - even when he had a fever. I was (21) ____, so I went to look for him after school. I found him running (22) _____. I asked him how he felt. ―Okay,‖ he said he had two more miles to go. Yet he looked straight ahead and kept (23) _____.

Two weeks later, the names of the team (24) _____ were caked. Joey was Number Six on the list. Joey had made the team. We never told him he couldn‘t do it … so he didn‘t know. He just took it. How (25) ____he was!

( ) 16. A. spent B. taken C. cost D. paid

( ) 17 A. talk B. sit C. study D. walk

( )18 A. either B. too C. though D. yet

( )19. A. six B. seven C. eighth D. nineth

( )20. A. so B. if C. then D. because

( )21. A. excited B. tired C. pleased D. worried

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( )22. A. alone B. away C. almost D. already

( )23. A. riding B. walking C. playing D. running

( )24. A. jumpers B. runners C. doctors D. teachers

( )25.A.good .B. lucky C. clever D. well

三.阅读理解(20分)

A

Mexico's neighbors are the United States to the north and Guatemala and Belize to the south. Mexico is about one quarter of the size of the United States. Mexico has more than ninety million people. The language of Mexico is Spanish. This makes Mexico have the most people who speak Spanish in the world.

Mexico City is the capital and largest city of Mexico. The city is also very high. It is 7349 feet high (2,240 meters). This makes it one of the highest capital cities in the world. The population, of Mexico City grows bigger every day. About thirty million people live there. It has more people than any other city in the world, even more than Tokyo.

Mexico also has its specialties. Many of the foods we eat started in Mexico. Foods like beans, maize, avocados, tomatoes, peanuts, chili peppers, vanilla, and chocolate come from Mexico.

Mexico is also famous for its cactus (仙人掌) plants. Mexico has more kinds of cactus than any other country.

( ) 26. Mexico is ____the USA.

A. on the south of B. on the north of

C. a part of D. as large as

( ) 27. Mexicans speak______.

A. English B. French C. Spanish D. Latin (拉丁语)

( ) 28. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Mexico City is the capital of Mexico.

B. The population of Mexico City is 30,000,000.

C. Tokyo is one of the cities with the largest population.

D. Mexico City is one of the highest cities in the world.

( )29.Tomatoes were originally (最初) grown in ______.

A. America B. Spain C. Tokyo D. Mexico

( ) 30. The best title of the passage is ___.

A. Mexico City B. Mexico's plants

C. Mexico D. Mexico's population

B

Mr. White lives in a village. He has a big farm and he is the richest there. He has pigs, chicks, cows and sheep .He works in the fields with some workers and his wife has to do all the housework at home. So she is very busy and often asks her husband to employ a girl to help her, but he doesn‘t agree.

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―There‘re so many chicks, dear,‖ said the women one day,‖ I can‘t look after them at all.‖ That‘s easy,‘ said Mr. White,‖Mr. Black‘s farm is nest to ours. We‘d better make a few holes in the walls and our chicks will go to his farm though them and eat his vegetables.‘‘

―That‘s a good idea!‖ The women said happily.

Soon Mr. Black found it. He told the Whites about it, they promised they would stop their chicks doing it, but they didn‘t keep their promises at all. The man thought for a while and found a way. He put nearly twenty eggs near the holes one afternoon. And that evening when he was counting his chicks, he called out in his farm,‖Oh, I‘m lucky today! I have found twenty eggs in my farm.‘‘

Of course, the woman saw it herself, and the next morning Mr. Black found all the holes had been stopped up.

( ) 31.Mr White‘s farm and Mr. Black‘s farm were_________.

A. in different villages B. in different towns

C. far from each other D. next to each other

( ) 32.Mrs White is busy because___________.

A. she has a few farms. B. she has to do much housework.

C. she has to help her husband. D. she isn‘t strong enough to do all.

( ) 33. Mr. White doesn‘t agree with his wife because_______.

A. he has little money to emply a helper for his wife.

B. he thinks his wife is very lazy.

C. he tries his best to save money.

D. He has enough time to help his wife.

( ) 34. Mr. White made some holes in the walls to_________.

A. let his chicks go to Mr. Black‘s farm.

B. let his chicks to lay some eggs in Mr. Black‘s farm.

C. make Mr. Black angry.

D. Watch his chicks.

( )35. The Whites thought_________,so they stopped up the holes in the walls.

A.Mr Black will kill their chicks

B. their chicks laid the eggs outside

C. Mr. Black‘s chicks would go to their farm

D. Mr. Black would tell the police about it

四.任务型阅读(10分)

Every morning at eleven o‘clock, a well-known millionaire(百万富翁) drove his car through Central Park in New York. Each time he noticed a poorly dressed man sitting on a park bench. (1)The man always sat there, watching a hotel in which the millionaire lived.

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One day, the millionaire stopped his car and said to the man,‖ Excuse me, I just want to know why you sit here, watching my hotel every morning.‖ ―Sir,‖ said the man,‖(2)我没有钱,没有工作,没有家. I sleep on the bench and every night I dream that one day I will sleep in that hotel.‖ The millionaire had an idea then said ,‖ (3)今晚你的梦想会实现的.I will pay for the best room in that hotel for you for a whole month.‖

A few days later, the millionaire went by the man to ask him how he was enjoying himself.(4) To his surprise, he found the man had moved out of the hotel, back to his park bench.

When the millionaire asked why, the man said,‖ You see, when I‘m down here sleeping on my bench, I dream I‘m up there, in that hotel. It‘s a wonderful dream. But when I was there, I dreamed I was back on this cold bench. It was terrible, I couldn‘t get any sleep at all.‘‘

根据短文内容,完成下列各题。

1. 将(1),(4)处划线部分翻译成汉语:

(1)_____________________________________________________________

(4)_____________________________________________________________

2.将(2),(3)处划线部分翻译成英语:

(2)____________________________________________________________

(3)______________________________________________________________

3.请给短文拟一个适当的题目(不多于10个词)

_________________________________________________________________

五.词汇(25分)

(一)单词拼写: 根据句意和所给单词首字母或汉语提示填空(10分)

1. I asked his p______ to use his bike, but he didn‘t allow me.

2. He is very c______ and he believes he can do everything well.

3. He didn‘t agree me, so he r______ to do it with me.

4.Miss Li________(介绍) a new student to the class yesterday.

5.You needn‘t get________(紧张)before an exam, or you will fail to pass it.

(二)综合填空(15分)

根据短文意思,用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空(有两项是多余的)

well; how; try; home; want; find; why; kill; way; for; they; at

Thousands of years ago, people didn‘t live in cold places because they didn‘t know how to keep(1)_____warm. Later they learned to make clothes. When an animal was (2) _____, they made use of its skins to cover their bodies. The skins kept them warm.

Nature is people‘s good friend. It once helped people (3) ___ fire. When lightning hit a forest and started a fire, People took some of this fire to their (4) ____.The fire kept them warm and also frightened wild animals. Soon people found the food cooked tasted much (5)_____,so they began to use the fire to cook food .

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But people still didn‘t know (6) _____to make a fire. When they got a fire from the forest, they (7) _____ to keep it burning. If it went out, they had to wait for years. Later they found different (8) ______ to make fire. For example, they made fire by burning wood or knocking two pieces of stones.

Today it‘s easy (9) _____ people to make fire because they have matches, lighters and different kinds of heaters. They can make fire(10)___any time they need .

(1)______ (2)______(3)_____(4)______(5)_______ (6)______(7)______(8)______(9)_____(10)_______ 六.书面表达(15分)

请以―If I were a teacher‖为题,写一篇80字左右的短文。 If I were a teacher

第五讲 温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。 2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:现在完成时态; belong to用法 重点难点:现在完成时态

Unit 5 It must belong to Carla

点击要点

现在完成时态

⑴由have/ has + 过去分词

⑵表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果 常与already, just , yet , ever, never 连用

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是的。我刚刚完成了。 我已经完成了。 你曾经去过中国吗? 没有,我从来也没有去过。

⑶①表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作 或状态和表示过去某一时刻延续到现在(包括现在在内)的一段时间的状态连用如:(for + 时间段,since + 时间点,或过去某一动作, 以及how long ) ②注: 非延续性动词在现在完成 时态中不能和for, since 引导的表示一段时间的状语的肯定句连用。

应转为相应的延续性动词 如:buy---- have die---- be dead join ---- be in ⑷①have (has) been to + 地点 去过某地 已经回来

②have (has) gone to + 地点 去了某地 没有回来

③have been in + 地点 一直呆在某地 没有离开过 如: 她去过上海。(已经回来) 她去了上海。(没有回来) 她呆上海两天了。(没有离开过上海)

1.情态动词must, may , might, could, may , can‘t表示推测含义与用法后面都接动词原形,都可以表示对现在情况的揣测和推断但他们含义有所不同

must 一定 肯定 (100%的可能性)

(20%-80%的可能性)

can‘t 不可能,不会 (可能性几乎为零)

The dictionary must be mine. It has my name on it.

he likes listening to pop music.

The hair band Bob‘s. After all, he is boy!

2. whose 谁的 疑问词 作定语 后面接名词

如:Whose book is this? This is Lily‘s.

如: 4. 当play 指弹奏乐器时,常在乐器前用定冠词 如:

play the guitar play the piano play the violin

当play 指进行球类运动时,则不用定冠词 如:

play football play basketball play baseball

5. if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时, 从句用一般现在时代替将来时 如:

If you don‘t hurry up, you‘ll be late.如果你不快点,你将会迟到

6. if you have any idea== if you know 如果你知道

7. on 关于(学术,科目) 尝试做某事 如: 我尝试爬树。

9. because of , because

because of + 名词/代词/名词性短语

because + 从句 如: 我做这件事是因为我喜欢。

因为工作的原因我得搬家。

10. own v.-owner n. listen v.-listener n. learn v.-learner n.

11. catch a bus 赶公车

12. neighbor 邻居 指人

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neighborhood 邻居 指地区也可指附近地区的人

13. local 当地的 如:local teacher 当地的教师

14. noise n. 噪音 是个可数名词 noises

如:Quick! Call the police! 快!叫警察!

16. anything strange 一些奇怪的东西

当形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,放在这些词的后面 如: 如:

他从燃烧的大概中逃出来。

19. an ocean of + 名词 极多的,用不尽的 如:an ocean of energy.

20. unhappy 不高兴的 反义词 happy 高兴的

21. final adj. 最后的 finally adv. 最后地

22. dishonest 不诚实的 反义词 honest 诚实的。

24. use up 用光、用完 如:他们已经用完了所有的钱。

25. attempt to do 试图 如:

The boys attempted to leave for Beijing. 男孩子们试图想去北京。

26. wake 动词 唤醒 常用的词组:如:

Please wake me up at 8 o‘clock. 请在8点钟叫醒我。

27. look for 寻找 指过程

如:

I am looking for a pen. 我正在找一支笔。(指找的过程)

I found my pen just now. 我刚刚找到了我的笔。(指找的结果)

28. hear 听 指听的结果

listen 听 如: 你听到了吗?(指听的结果,听或没听到)

I often listen to the music. 我经常听音乐。(指听的过程)

29. 如:

He tried his best to run. 他尽他的最大努力去跑。

30. 名词所有格 名词所有格的构成有两种形式

①是在名词后面加 ’s 或是以s结尾 的名词,只在名词的后面加 ’

如:Ann‘s book 安的书, our teachers‘ office我们老师们的办公室

如:

Lily and Lucy‘s father 莉莉和露西的爸爸(她们的爸爸是同一个人)

②有…of …介词短语表示无生命东西的所有格 如:

a picture of my family 我家人的相片

有时也有‘s表示无生命的东西的所有格 如:

today‘s newspaper, the city‘s name

基础巩固

一、单项选择(每小题2分,共40分)

( ) 1. —Who‘s that girl swimming in the pool? Is it Lucy?

—It ____be Lucy. She is sleeping in her bedroom now.

A. may B. can‘t C. must D. should

( ) 2. Whose volleyball is this? It must belong to ____.

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A. Bob B. he C. she D. Carla‘s

( ) 3. I have ____to show you.

A. different something B. something different

C. anything different D. different anything

( ) 4. The football can‘t be Susan‘s, because she doesn‘t like it. She likes playing ___piano.

A. the B. a C. an D. /

( ) 5. —Who do you think the owner might be?

—Well, it could be a boy. The flowers might be a present ___his girlfriend.

A. for B. to C. with D. on

( ) 6. My friend has used ____all his money.

A. on B. up C. out D. down

( ) 7. He ___off his bike and hurt himself.

A. drop B. fell C. fall D. dropped

( ) 8. There is _____snow outside, and it‘s ____cold.

A. too many, too much B. too much, too much

C. much too, much too D. too much, much too

( ) 9. The woman said she saw the thief escape ______the shop.

A. to B. with C. on D. from

( ) 10. —What‘s that in the tree, can you see?

—There must ____some birds ___in it.

A. are, sitting B. be, sit C. have, sitting D. be, sitting

( ) 11. What do you think ―joy‖____?

A. means B. to mean C. meaning D. mean

( ) 12. I didn‘t go to the party not ____the weather, but ____ I didn‘t feel well.

A. because of , because B. because, because of

C. because, because D. because of, because of

( ) 13. I was really ____about you. You shouldn‘t have left home without a word.

A. anxious B. strange C. careful D. worry

( ) 14. The boy was pretending __his homework when I came in. In fact, he was playing games online.

A. do B. be doing C. doing D. to be doing

( ) 15. Please stop making so much ____. We are studying.

A. sound B. voice C. mess D. noise

( ) 16. —Do you know where Xiao Li is?

—Yes, she is ___her friend‘s appointment in the park.

A. in B. for C. at D. with

( ) 17. The book is on Lily‘s desk. ____it is hers.

A. May be B. Can C. Maybe D. Might

( ) 18. If you have ___question, come to me.

A. a B. an C. any D. some

( ) 19. He is attempting ____the problem all by himself.

A. solve B. to solve C. solving D. solved

( ) 20. Stay away ! Be ____of the fire!

A. care B. careful C. carefully D. not careful

二、句型转换(每小题2分,共10分)

1. I can finish the work all by myself.(写出同义句)

I can finish the work __________ ___________.

2. What‘s happening? (同上)

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What‘s __________ __________?

3. The volleyball might be Jenny‘s. (同上)

The volleyball might ___________ __________ ____________.

4. There are some students in the classroom. They are studying.(合并为一句)

There are some students __________in the classroom.

5. He must be running for exercise, __________ ___________?(完成反意疑问句)

三、完成句子(每空1分,共30分)

1. 这是谁的发带?

__________ hair ____________is this?

2.这支笔肯定是李敏的。上面有她的名字。

This pen must be Li Min‘s. It _______ her name _________it.

3.这件T恤衫不可能是汤姆的。对他来说太小了。

This T-shirt can‘t be Tom‘s. It‘s ________ __________small for him.

4. 这次口语测试在期末考试中占30%。

The oral test _________ __________30% of the ________exam.

5.猫追着老鼠,但抓不住它。

The cat is ____________the mouse but can‘t ___________it.

6. 团结就是力量。

One ___________can not __________a small ___________.

7.井底之蛙。

When an ___________says ―_______‖, he‘s talking about a small pool.

8.我隔壁的领导是一位公司主管。

My next door ____________is a ____________of a company.

9.天空中有一种奇怪的气味。

There is a strange __________in the _________.

10.明枪易躲,暗箭难防。

___________ ___________ _________the person who does not talk and

11. 别为昨日的事烦忧。

Don‘t let yesterday_____________ ___________ too much of today.

12.一个好汉三个帮。

He who would do great things should not __________them ___________ ___________.

13. 我明天有一场面试。

I will be __________tomorrow.

四、看图填词(每空一分,共10分)

根据图画所提供的语景,在空格中填入适当的词,使其意思完整、语法正确,每空一词。

the dog that does not ___________.

It was late last Monday, but Tom was still __1__TV in his room. There was a wonderful football match on TV. __2__excited he was! That night he __3__ go to bed until 12 o‘clock.

The next morning, it was a quarter to eight. It was too late for Tom to get to __4__ on time. But he was still in __5__.

When Tom __6__to school, it was eight. The __7__ had already begun her lesson. As soon as Tom came into the classroom, she got 32

angry and said, ―What time is it now, Tom?‖ Tom felt sorry and could say nothing.

In English class, he __8__a test. As he didn‘t know the lessons at __9__, Tom __10__his English test.

1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 4. ________ 5. ________

6. ________ 7. ________ 8. ________ 9. ________10. ________

五、阅读理解(每小题2分,共10分)

What‘s the sky? Where is it? How high is it? What lies above the clouds? I am sure that you have many questions about the sky. Some of them are very difficult to answer, aren‘t they?

If someone asked you, ― What color is the sky?‖ Perhaps you would answer, ―Blue.‖ That would be wrong. The sky has no color. Is the sky full of air? Yes, there is air all over the world. We could not live without air. Birds can not fly very high because as they go higher, the air gets thinner. If we go far enough away from the earth, we will find that there is no air.

Perhaps we can answer some of the questions now. What is the sky? The sky is the air. Where is it? It is all around the earth. In this space there is the sun ,the moon and all the stars.

( ) 1. What color is the sky?

A. Green. B. Yellow. C. Blue. D. No color.

D. fruit ( ) 2. According to the passage, we could not live without ____. A. water B. food C. air

( ) 3. What is the sky?

A. The sky is the sun.

C. The sky is the air. B. The sky is the moon. D. The sky is the stars.

D. farther ( ) 4. The _________the birds go, the air gets thinner. A. taller B. higher C. stronger

( ) 5. Where is the sky?

A. It is above the clouds.

B. It is below the clouds.

C. It is all around the earth.

D. It is under the sun, the moon and all the stars.

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第六讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:定语从句

重点难点:定语从句

Unit 6 I like music that I can dance to.

点击要点

1. prefer动词 更喜欢 宁愿

更喜欢某事 我更喜欢英语。

宁愿做某事 我宁愿坐着。 同…相比更喜欢… I prefer

与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着。

2. along with 伴随… 同… 一道

I will go along with you. 我同你一道去。

I sing along with music. 我伴随着音乐唱歌。

3. dance to sth. 随着…跳舞

She likes dancing to the music. 她喜欢随着音乐而跳舞。

4. different kinds of 各种各样different kinds of clothes 各种各样的衣服

5. music n. 音乐 musician n. 音乐家 musical

6. take … to … 带…去…. 如:

我的爸爸经常带我去公园。 请拿这个盒子到我的办公室。

7. remind sb. of sb./sth. 提醒 使…记起….

这首歌使他记起了他的妈妈。

8. clear adj. 清楚的,清澈的 clearly adv. 清楚地

9. be important to sb. 对…重要

be important for sb. to do. 做某事对某人很重要

10. unfortunately adv. 不幸运地 fortunately adv. 幸运地

我的笔丢了。你能帮我找一下吗?

12. though == although 作连词 虽然,尽管

放在句子中间/句首,不能和but 连用 虽然很晚了,但他还在工作 史密斯先生虽然年轻,却做得很好。

13. fun n. 有趣 funny adj. 有趣的

14. be sure to do 一定做某事 肯定做某事 如:

肯定要下雪 千万不要忘记呀!

15. known adj. 有名的 著名的 know v. 知道 认识

16. on display 展览

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17. over the years 很多年来,常与现在完成时连用如: , they‘多年来他们已在山上种植了许多树。

18. energy n. 活力 energetic adj. 有活力的

19. most of … …的大多数

20. keep healthy 保持健康

21. get together 聚在一起

22. discuss v. 讨论 discussion n. 讨论 …有坏处的

做…有坏处

24. for example 例如

25. take care of === look after 照顾 关心 如:

26. stay away from 远离… 如:

Stay away from me , I have a cold. 请远离我,我得了感冒

27. to be honest 老实说 如:

老实说我真的很喜欢花。

28. dislike 不喜欢 反义词 like 喜欢

29. fisherman 渔夫 复数形式 fishermen

30. photography n. 摄影 photograph n. 照片 相片

photographer n. 摄影师

31. be in agreement 意见一致 常与介词on /about连用如:

他们对那个问题意见一致。

32. even if 甚至

33. mainly adv. 主要地 首要地 main adj. 主要的

基础巩固

一、用所给单词的适当形式完成句子。

1. My father likes French food, while my mother prefers ______ food. (Italy)

2. Kevin is ______ in stamp collection. (interest)

3. Look at these ______! I took them in Paris. (photo)

4. Are there many ______ students in your university? (India)

5. We will consider your ______ later. (suggest)

6. As is ______ to all, the earth is round. (know)

7. There will be a Chinese painting ______ in the national museum next week. (exhibit)

8. We had a great time with the ______in this village. (fisherman)

9. In your spare time, what do you like for ______ besides watching TV? (entertain)

10. Gu Changwei is one of the top ______ in China. (photograph)

二、单项选择

1. I prefer watching TV to ______ music every day.

A. listen to B. listen C. listening to D. listening

2. Look at that girl ______ name is Lucy.

A. who B. whose C. which D. whom

3. My money is not the only thing ______ is missing.

A. which B. that C. who D. whose

4. I hate people ______ talk much but do little.

A. who B. that C. which D. whose

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5. Do you know what ______?

A. his favourite song is B. is his favourite song

C. his favourite song D. his most favourite song is

6. I like the music that I can sing ______.

A. along and B. along with C. with D. along

7. I like this kind of music that I can dance ______.

A. to B. in C. with D. along

8. The story reminded me ______ an experience I once had.

A. of B. to C. at D. on you do, you can‘t change the situation.

A. whoever B. wherever C. whatever D. what ever

10. Beijing is one of the ______ in the world today.

A. busiest city B. busiest cities C. busy city D. busy cities

11. I mean ______ class meeting on Monday afternoon.

A. have B. to have C. having D. to having

12. Mary sings English songs well and ______.

A. Jane does too B. either does Joes C. so Janes does D. so does Jane

13. I didn‘t know ______.

A. where does he live B. where do he lives

C. where he lives D. where he lived

14. What the boy said sounds ______.

A. reason B. reasonable C. reasonably D. reasoning

15. I feel my heart ______ fast now.

A. beated B. beating C. beat D. to beat

1. One of my classmates was very glad to ______ Bill Clinton.

2. The policeman arrived just ______ to save the boy.

3. This book is very popular with the students ______.

4. When the doctors learned about the accident, they ______ to the spot.

5. People who are watching football games sometimes ______. They might fight with each other.

四、完成对话。

Man: What do you think of the speeches?

Woman: I learned a lot about international business.

Man: Is this your first meeting?

Woman: Yes, it is. 1______ I‘m Marie Pirelli. Please call me Marie.

Man: Okay…Marie. My name is Mayumi Yamada.

Woman: 2______ I didn‘t catch your first name.

Man: It‘s Mayumi. 3______

Woman: I‘ m with Coca-Cola. 4______

Man: I work for the Sony Corporation.

1. A. Where are you from? B. What‘s your name? C. It‘s very nice to meet you. D. it‘s a nice day.

2. A. Nice to see you again. B. I‘m sorry. C. What a strange name! D. I‘m happy.

3. A. Who do you talk with? B. What company do you work for? C. Where is your company? D. When did you start to work there?

4. A. How are you? B. How much is it? C. How do you do? D. How about you?

五、按照要求写句子。

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1. Albert found the key. I lost the key yesterday.(合成一句)

__________________

2. She is the tallest girl in her class. She can play the violin.(合成一句)

__________________

3. Where is the beautiful picture? You bought it last week.(合成一句)

__________________

4. We are looking for the nurse. She looked after my little sister.(合成一句)

__________________

5. She was ill, but she still went on working.(改为同义句)

______ she was ill, she still went on working.

6. The mother told her son, ―Don‘t read in the bed.‖(改为简单句)

The mother ______ her son ______ ______ read in the bed.

7. They prefer this kind of fruit to that kind.(改为同义句)

They ______ this kind of fruit ______ ______ that kind. (对划线部分提问)

__________________

9. How about the book?(改为同义句)

What do you ______ ______ the book?

10. I didn‘t know how I could repair the bike.(改为简单句)

I didn‘t know ______ ______ repair the bike.

六、完成句子。

1. Tom的确在这场篮球赛中表现出色。

Tom __________________ in this basketball match.

2. 她喜欢能够一起舞起来的快歌。

She likes music __________________.

3. 我有一个月没收到我澳大利亚亚笔友的来信了。

__________________

4. 王叔叔教我们如何修自行车。

Uncle Wang teaches us __________________.

5. 妈妈脸上露出了满意的笑容。

Mother __________________ on her face.

6. 这幢建筑使我想起了我的母校。

This building __________________.

7. 你对这部新影片有什么看法?

What do you __________________ of the new film?

8. 这顶帽子非常适合您,女士!

This hat __________________, madam!

9. 导演正在为他们的新影片寻找一位女演员。

The director __________________ for his new film.

10. 快,电影已经开演约十分钟了。

Hurry up! The film __________________ for about ten minutes.

七、完形填空

Concorde‘s Birthday

CONCORDE, the world‘s fastest passenger plane, will soon be over 33 years old. It first 1______ on 2 March 1969 in France. Concorde was developed by both France and Britain. From 1956 these two countries had a 2______ of a supersonic passenger plane. In 1962 they started to 3______ together on the project. The plane 4______ over 1.5 billion pounds to develop. It is the most tested plane in the history. It was given over 5000 hours of testing. Concorde flies at twice the speed of 5______. This means that it 6______ only 3 hours 25 minutes to fly between London and New York, compare with 7—8 hours in other passenger jets. Because of the five-hour time difference between the USA and Britain, it is 7______ to travel west on Concorde and arrive in New York before you 37

leave London! You can catch the 10:30a.m. 8______ from London, Heathrow and start work in New York an hour 9______! Concorde is much used by business people and film stars. Each Concorde is built at a cost of 55 million pounds. Twenty have been built so far. Air France and British Airway 10______ the most. They each have seven planes. 1. A. invented B. produced C. flew D. took off 2. A. talk B. dream C. meeting D. fight 3. A. work B. do C. carry D. finish 4. A. paid B. wanted C. needed D. cost 5. A. voice B. sound C. noise D. shout 6. A. spends B. takes C. covers D. travels 7. A. possible B. impossible C. real D. unreal 8. A. plane B. passenger C. flight D. airline 9. A. later B. late C. earlier D. early 10. A. build B. make C. sell D. own 八、阅读理解。

The idea of what shaking the head means is not always the same in different countries. Maybe some visitors would be surprised when they first came to India. When talked to an Indian, he would often shake his head. The visitors might think that the Indian did not like what they said. But, in fact, they would be completely wrong.

Indians always shake their heads when they talk to each other. It does not have the same meaning as our ―No‖. If someone wants to visit India, he should know this, or it will give him some trouble.

One day, a foreign officer went to India on business. He hired a car and an Indian to drive it. When he told his driver to send him to his office, the Indian shook his head at once. The office said again, and the driver shook his head again. At last, the office, of course, got angry.

―How dare you refuse my order?‖ he shouted. ―Drive me to my office at once!‖

The driver answered in quite loud voice, too. ―Yes, sir!‖ But to the officer‘s surprise, the driver shook his head at the same time. The car started, and the foreign officer was now too surprised to say a word. He thought about it for a while, and then he nodded with a smile, ―No mean Yes here!‖

1. An Indian would shake his head when ______.

A. he didn‘t want to do anything B. he agreed with others C. he talked to others D. other people were wrong 2. The foreign officer was surprised that ______.

A. the driver could not understand him B. the driver refused his order

C. the driver drove him to another place D. the driver shook his head as he said, ―Yes‖ 3. The sentence ―No mean Yes here!‖ means ______. A. in India the words Yes and No have the same meaning B. Indians don‘t say No when they don‘t agree with each other C. there is no difference between Yes and No D. We shake our heads to say No, not Yes as Indians do 4. India is ______.

A. a developed country B. in America C. next to Australia D. to the southwest of China 5. Which of the following sentences isn‘t true?

A. Shaking the head doesn‘t always have the same meaning in different countries. B. When an India shakes his head, he really means Yes. C. In India shaking the head means No. D. In China shaking the head means No.

九、请你以―The more money one owns , the more friends he will have ?‖为话题,写一篇80-100词左右的短文。 要求:文字通顺,条理清楚。

_______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

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第七讲

知识目标:1. 想要做…

重点:想要做… 难点:be supposed to do

Unit 7 where would you like to visit

点 击 要 点

1. tired 累的 tiring 令人疲惫的 bored 讨厌 boring 令人厌烦/讨厌的 excited 兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋/激动的 amazed 惊讶的 amazing 令人惊讶的 2. education n. 教育 educational 有教育意义的 3. 想要做…:想要…: 常用的句型有:

你想要做什么? 我想去参观桂林。 你想要什么? 我想来些茶。

你来不来参加我的晚会?(表邀请) Yes, I‘d l你是要点茶还是咖啡? Yes, I‘d 你想去哪呢?(本单元的重点句型) 4. go on vacation 去度假

go on a trip 去旅行 go on a picnic 去野炊

5. 希望做某事 我希望去北京。

我希望她能通过考试。

我喜欢人们友好的地方。 where 关系副词,引导定语从句

where引导定语从句修饰表示地点的先行词如:the place, the city等

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那就是我10年前所就读的学校。

7. 不定代词 参看课本P141

我正在考虑换工作。

The book 这本书花了我10元。

10. in general 一般来说, 大体上, 通常 应该做….如:

科学家们应该知道更多。

12. take a trip 去旅行 供应某人某物 如: 14. how far 问路程 多远

how old 问年龄 多少岁

how long 问时间 多久 多长

how often 问频率 多久一次

15. be away 离开 如: 我两天前离开了。 我将离开一些天。

16. inexpensive adj. 不贵的 反义词 expensive adj. 贵的

17. let sb. do 让某人做某事 让我帮你吧。

let sb. not do 让某人不要做某Let us not laugh. 让我们不要笑了。

18. in the future 将来 在将来她将会是一个好妈妈。

问题的答案 这扇门的钥匙

20. as soon as possible 尽可能的快 如:

她继续唱歌。

22. according to 根据

如:

我愿意帮你。

24. on the other hands 另一方面

25. hold on to sth. 保持,不要放弃

不要放开我的手。

如: 我的梦实现了。

基础巩固

一、单项选择:(15分)

( ) 1.—There is a ticket on the floor, is it yours?

—Oh, yes, it‘s mine.

—Let me _____for you.

A. to pick up it B. to pick it up C. pick up it D. pick it up

( ) 2. The teacher asked the boys ____on the wall.

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A. to not draw B. don‘t draw C. not draw to D. not to draw

( ) 3.The little girl often makes his mother ______him_____ .

A. talk, something interesting B. tell something interesting

C. say, interesting something D. speak, interesting something

( ) 4.Exeuse me, would you please tell me ______buy a digital camera?

A. what to B .where to C. what I can D. where can I

( ) 5. We want to play basketball after school .Would you like to ____us?

A. invite B. play C. get D. join

( ) 6. What would you like to _____us about your hometown.

A. speak B. talk C. say D. tell

( ) 7.The teacher told the students _____in class.

A. not B. don‘t talk C. didn‘t talk D. not to talk

( ) 8.-How about going hiking this weekend?

-Sorry, I prefer _____rather than _____.

A. to stay at home, go out B. to go out, stay at home

C. staying at home, go out D. going out, stay at home.

( )9. Have you decided _________ Shanghai?

A. to visit B. visit C. visiting D. to visit to

( )10. Can you provide us _________ some information _______ the computer?

A. for, with B. with, about C. about, with D. with, with

( )11. Beijing is cold this time _________. You need _______ warm clothes if you go there.

A. of the year, to pack B. of year, packing

C. of year, pack D. of year, to pack

( )12. They were _________ when they heard the _______ news.

A. excited, exciting B. exciting, excited

C. excited, excited D. exciting, exciting

( )13. ―I hope _________ play soccer with us tomorrow. ‖

―Yes, I hope _________. ‖

A. him not to, not too B. he won‘t, it too

C. him not to, that too D. he won‘t, so too

( )14. The two men walked _________ the forest and got to a small house.

A. across B. through

C. crossing D. over

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( )15. It looks _________ people _________ the work.

A. hundreds of, finishing B. hundred of, to finish

C. hundreds of, to finish D. hundred of, finishing

二.完形填空(15分)

American people have the habit of saying ―Thank you‖when something kind is done for them or something polite is said to them, no matter how easy the thing is. This habit is learned by people of many 1 countries.

You should say ―Thank you‖when someone 2 you the salt on the table, when someone steps aside to let you 3 in a corridor (走廊), when someone 4 ahead of you keeps the door open 5 you, when someone says your work is well 6 or you have bought a nice thing, or your city is very beautiful.

―Thank you‖is 7 not only between strangers or new friends, but also between old friends, parents and children, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives. Parents often tell 8 children that they should say ―Thank you‖in answer to a kind word or act when they are only four 9 five years old. Perhaps that‘s 10 almost everyone has got this habit.

( )1. A. others B. another C. other D. else

( )2. A. puts B. passes C. carries D. borrows

( )3. A. pass B. jump C. sing D. dance

( )4. A. jumps B. walks C. sits D. walking

( )5. A. to B. with C. for D. on

( )6. A. made B. done C. built D. doing

( )7. A. tell B. said C. to say D. told

( )8. A. his B. theirs C. their‘s D. their

( )9. A. but B. and C. or D. so

( )10. A. why B. because C. when D. reason

三.阅读理解(20分)

Strange things happen when you travel, because the earth is divided into twenty-four zones (分区). The time difference between two zones is one hour. You can have days with more than twenty-four hours and days with fewer than twenty-four hours. You can have weeks with seven days and weeks with fewer than seven.

If you make a five-day trip across the Atlantic Ocean (大西洋), your ship comes into a different time zone every day. As you come into each zone, the time changes one hour. If you travel west, you set your watch back. If you travel east, you set it ahead. Each day of your trip has either twenty-five or twenty-three hours.

If you make a trip by ship across the Pacific Ocean (太平洋), you across the International Date Line (国际日期变更线). This is the point where a new day begins. When you cross the line, you change one full day. If you travel east, today becomes yesterday; if you travel west, it is tomorrow.

( ) 1. The time difference between two time zones is ___________.

A. twenty-four hours B. one hour

C. two hours D. twenty-three hours

( ) 2. If we cross the Atlantic Ocean, we _____________.

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A. change one full day B. set our watch back

C. set our watch ahead D. set our watch back or ahead

( ) 3. If we travel east across the International Date Line on July 5th, the date becomes July _________________.

A. 3rd B. 4th C. 5th D. 6th

( ) 4. The Atlantic Ocean ____________.

A. is in one time zone B. is divided into twenty-four zones

C. is divided into five time zones D. can not be crossed in five days

( ) 5. Which of the following sentences is true?

A. If we travel around the world, we will get into trouble in telling the time.

B. If we travel west across the Atlantic Ocean, we will have twenty-three hours.

C. If we travel by ship across the Atlantic Ocean, we will cross the International Date Line.

D. If we travel across the Pacific Ocean, today becomes tomorrow.

B

The British Museum is the biggest museum in the world. Inside, you feel smaller than usual. There are about a hundred things to see.

The story of the British Museum goes back three hundred years to one unusual man, Sir Hans Sloane, doctor to King George II. The doctor collected books, drawings, clothes, money, animals, flowers, things from all over the world. The doctor wanted everything to stay together when he died, so that people could come and have a look. The British Museum began. King George II gave his library, and the museum started to grow.

The British Museum opened in 1759, six years after Sir Hans Sloane died. At first the museum was only open three days a week and only ten people could enter in an hour. There wasn‘t much time to see things. Visitors had to run though the rooms.

By about 1800, things began to get better. Wonderful statues, three thousand years old, arrived from Egypt.

King George IV sold all his books to the museum secretly. A hundred years ago not only old books but also new ones arrived at the museum, and more people came to read them. Since them many famous men have written and studied there. And the library is growing faster and faster. There are four kilometers of new shelves every year and there are about two million visitors every year.

( ) 1. Sir Hans Sloane was interested in _______________.

A. collecting all kinds of books B. collecting all kinds of drawings

C. collecting all kinds of money D. collecting all kinds of things

( ) 2. When you go inside the British Museum, you feel smaller than usual because __________.

A. the museum is empty B. the museum is very big

C. there are too many things in it D. you are too small

( ) 3. Sir Hans Sloane died ____________.

A. in 1753 B. in 1975 C. in 1765 D. in 1800

( ) 4. At first, the visitors had to run through the museum because ____________.

A. there are only several things to see

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B. the museum was the biggest one in the world

C. they were not interested in the things in it

D. they had only one hour to see all the things in it

( ) 5. The passage is mainly about ______________.

A. Sir Hans Sloane B. George II

C. the history of British Museum D. the books in the museum

四.任务型阅读(10分)

Many people go to school for education. They learn languages, history, politics, maths and so on. Others go to learn a skill so that they can make a living. School education is very important and useful. Yet, no one can learn everything from school. A teacher can‘t teach his students everything. The teacher‘s job is to show students how to learn. The teacher teaches them how to read and how to think. So the students themselves shall learn much more outside school.

根据短文内容,填上正确的单词或句子:

1. As a student, we go to school for __________________________.

2. Jim wants to find a job, at first, he‘d better go to school ____________________________.

3. If we want to know the development of our country, we must learn ________________ well.

4. In class, the ride(角色) of a teacher is ___________________________.

5. The student who _____________________________________________ is the best student.

五、词汇(25分)

(一)根据首字母和句意写出单词。(10分)

1. Twenty visitors will come this evening. Can you p enough food and drink for them ?

2. What does this ―x‖ r in this sign ?

3. Mr. Smith is a v . He can operate on sick animals.

4. Li Ming would like to go somewhere t .

5. The police are busy s______________ the killer all over the city.

(二)综合填空。(15分)

pleased next started others before tried stand with move other write good

Paul got on the bus to go to the town. It was very crowded, and he had to ___1____ for about five minutes. Then some of the passengers got off. Paul sat down ____2____ to a fat lady. She had several shopping bags, and Paul didn‘t have more room on the seat. At last the bus got to the town. All the passengers_____3___ get off. Paul was polite, so he stood up to let the fat lady get off _____4___ him. She said, ― Thank you.‖ Then she___5___ to get out of the seat ___6___her bags. But she couldn‘t ____7____.

Paul had to push the lady. The ____8___ passengers pulled her. Finally they got her free but she was not ___9____. ―I will ____10_____ to the bus company,‖ she said, ―I will tell them not to make buses with such small seats.‖

六、书面表达(15分)

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你喜欢旅游吗?我们的祖国地大物博,有着很多让人流连忘返的美丽景观。你去过的那些地方中,你最喜欢哪里? 请你用英语写一篇短文,介绍一处给你留下深刻印象的自然景观或旅游圣地。

题目自拟,短文不得少于80个单词。

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

第八讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:短语动词结构; not only … but (also) …

重点难点:短语动词结构

Unit 8 I 'll help clean up the city parks.

点 击 要 点

常见短语动词结构有下面几种:

1.动词+副词 如:give up 放弃 turn off 关掉 stay up 熬夜

这种结构有时相当于及物动词,如果其宾语是代词,就必须放在动

词和副词之间,如果是名词,则既可插在动词和副词之间,也可放

在短语动词后。

2. 动词+介词 如:listen of 听 look at 看 belong to 属于

这种结构相当于及物动词,后面跟宾语。

如:come up with 提出,想出 run out of 用完,耗尽

4. 动词+名词(介词) 如:take part in参加 catch hold of 抓住

如:cheer me up 使我高兴

clean up 打扫 clean-up n. 打扫

2. homeless adj. 无家可归的 a homeless boy 一个无家可归的男孩

home n. 家

3. hand out 分发 hand out bananas

give out 分发 分….给某人 放弃… 放弃吸烟

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give away 赠送 捐赠 give away sth. to …. give away money to kids

give sb. sth. 给某人某东西 give me money 给我钱

give sth. to sb. 给某人某东西 give money to me 给我线

4. sick adj. 生病的

ill adj. 生病的 作表语,不能作定语

5. volunteer to do v. 志愿效劳、主动贡献

volunteer n. 志愿者

catch up with 赶上 追上 推迟做某事 put on 穿上 (指过程) put up 张贴

8. write down 写下 记下

9. call up 打电话 make a telephone call 打电话

10. set up 成立 建立 这座医院是在2000年成立的。

11. each 每个 各自的 强调第一个人或事物的个别情况 常与of 连用

every 每个 每一个的 一切的 则有―全体‖的意思不能与of 连用

12. put …to use 把… 投入使用,利用

They put the new machine to use. 他们把新机器投入使用

13. help sb. (to) do 帮助某人做某事 help him (to) study

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 help him with English

help do 帮助做某事 help study

I plan to go to Beijing. === I plan (that) I will go to Beijing. 我计划去北京。

15. spend … doing 花费…做… I spent a day visiting Beijing.

我花了一天的时间去参观北京。

I spent 3 years on English.

16.not only … but (also) … 不但… 而且… 用来连接两个并列的成分

(1)引导以 not only …but (also)… 开头的句子往往引起部分倒装。

因此 ⑴Not only do I feel good but (also)…. 是倒装句。也是说得要

把前面的句子中的助动词或者是情态动词放在主语的前面。如:

我不仅能做到而且做得最好。

⑵Not only…but (also)… 接两主语时,谓语动词随后面的主语人称和数的变化 也就是就近原则 如: ①不仅莉莉而且你也喜欢猫。

②不仅你而且莉莉喜欢猫。 常见的就近原则的结构有:

Neither… nor…即不…也不… (两者都不) 我和你都不喜欢他。

Either… or… 不是…就是… (两者中的一个)

Either Lily or you are a student.

Not only …but (also)…

There be

17.

join是"加入"的意思,后常接―某组织、团体、俱乐部等‖

例如:入党(join the Party) 参军(join the army)

而"join in"是"参加"的意思,常用于:join sb in +活动名称

如:join us in the games

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take part in 参加某一种活动

take part in 参加 (指参加活动) 如: 参加运动会

:参加歌咏小组(take part in the singing group)

当join和join in当―参加‖讲时,

join表示参加某一团体、组织、机构,并作为其中一员(如:入党、入团、入会、参军等)

e.g.He joined the Labour Party/this company in 1999.

他1999年加入了工党/这家公司。

join in: to take part in an activity 参加(活动)

e.g.We all joined in the singing.我们大家一起唱歌。

另外:join也有to take part in an activity的意思

但join后接的名词似乎更加抽象

e.g.Come on in and join the fun!快进来一起玩吧

至于join 与be a member of的区别如下;

join是短暂性动词,不能与―for + 一段时间‖搭配,而―be a member of‖是延续性动词,能和―for + 一段时间‖搭配。比较常见于现在完成时的句型转换中。

如:He joined the army in 2002.

He has been a member of the army for five years.

18. ①run out of == use up 用完 用尽 我已经用完了钱。

②run away 逃跑 这只猴子已经从动物园里逃跑了。

③run to + 地方 跑到某地

19. take after (在外貌、性格等方面)与(父母等)相像

be similar to 与..相像

take after 相像 look after 照顾 take care of 照顾

情况的结局非常好

你已经算出这道数学问题了吗?

21. hang out 闲荡 闲逛

我喜欢和我的朋友一起去购物中心闲荡。

22. be able to do 能 会 不能 不会

如: 谢谢做帮助我

24. for sure 确实如此,毫无疑问

You don‘t have money. That‘s 你没有钱,这是毫无疑问的。

25. 使…充满… 用…填充…

她用水填满碗。

26. like prep. 像…

27. help sb. out 帮助…做事,解决难题(摆脱困境)

I can‘t work out this math problem. Please

我不能算出这道数学问题,请你帮我解决。

28. train n. 火车

train v. 训练

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训练某人做某事

她训练她的狗去取东西。

如: 马上去做。

I‘ll go there 我马上去那里。

30. one day 有一天 (指将来/过去)

some day 有一天(指将来) 如: 有一天我去了北京。 有一天我将去北京。

31. specially adv. 特意地 专门地 特别地 special adj. 特别的

32. donation n. 捐赠物 donate v. 捐赠 赠送

33. part of speech 词性 词类

34. disabled adj. 肢体有残疾的 disable v. 不能

基础巩固

一、单项选择:(15分)

( )1.Tony could help ______ the city parks.

A. clean B. clean up C. clean out D. cleans up.

( )2. We need to ____ up with a plan on Clean-up Day.

A. come B. go C. work D. study

( )3. I _______ some clothes to charity because they are too small for me.

A. take after B. hang out C. give away D. put off

( )4. Now I spend time _____ what I love to do.

A. to do B. doing C. do D. did

( )5. After my teacher gave me a lesson, I didn‘t do that _______.

A. any B. more C. any more D. no more

( )6. ____ of them like to play basketball.

A. Each B. Everyone C. Every D. Both

( ) 7. I first met Joe three years ago. He ____at a CD shop at the time.

A. will work B. is working C. has worked D. was working

( )8. Amy ____the windows already, so the room looks much bright.

A. cleans B. has cleaned C. is cleaning D. will clean

( )9.–I‘m sorry to keep you waiting. --Oh, not at all. I _ _here for only a few minutes.

A. was B. is C. have been D. had been

( )10. Li Hong ___ English .

A. does like B. do likes C. does likes D. do like

( ) 11. I don‘t know if it ___ tomorrow. If it ___, I won‘t go.

A: will rain; rains B: will rain; will rain C: rains; rains D: rains; will rain

( )12. Not only he , but also you ___ English.

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A. liking B. to like C. like D. likes

( )13.Tom‘s bike is broken. It needs ___. A. repaired B. repairs C. repairing

( )14.I‘ll ___ finish my homework tomorrow.

A. am able to B. can C. is able to D. be able to

( )15. ____ black eyes and black hair.

A. They both have B. Both they have C. They have both

二、完形填空。(15分)

Last week everyone ___1___to cheer up Jimmy the Bike Boy. But this week, Jimmy is happy again. ___2___ Monday he told a radio interviewer that he ___3___ to buy old bikes. He also put up signs ___4___ old bikes and called up all his friends and ___5___ them about the problem. He even ___6___ advertisements at a local supermarket. Then he told the teachers at school about his problem ___7___ they set up a call-in center for parents. The strategies that he came up with ___8___ fine. He now has sixteen bikes ___9___ and give away to children ___10___ don‘t have bikes.

( ) 1. A. wants B. was trying C. hopes D. is hoping

( ) 2. A. On B. In C. Next D. At

( ) 3. A. has used up B. has got C. lent D. had run out of

( ) 4. A. asking about B. selling C. buying D. asking for

( ) 5. A. telling B. said C. asked D. told

( ) 6. A. handed out B. handed in C. gives away D. giving out

( ) 7. A. when B. while C. because D. and

( ) 8. A. working out B. was C. worked out D. is

( ) 9. A. fixing up B. to fix up C. to buy D. to sell

( ) 10. A. which B. whose C. who D. when

三、阅读理解。(20分)

A

Each nation has many good people who help to take care of others. For example, some high school and college students in the United States often spend many hours as volunteers in hospitals, orphanages (孤儿院) or homes for the aged. They read books to the people in these places, or they just visit them and play games with them or listen to their problems.

Other young people volunteers go and work in the homes of people who are sick or old. They paint, clean up, or repair their houses, do their shopping or mow their lawns. For boys who no longer have fathers there is an organization called Big Brothers. College students and other men take these boys to baseball games or on fishing trips and help them to get to know things that boys usually learn from their fathers.

Each city has a number of clubs where boys and girls can go to play games or learn crafts. Some of these clubs show movies or organize short trips to the mountains, the beaches, museums or other places of interest. Most of these clubs use a lot of high school and college students as volunteers because they are young enough to remember the problems of younger boys and girls

Volunteers believe that some of the happiest people in the world are those who help to bring happiness to others.

( ) 1. Where can you often find volunteers in the United States?

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A. At a bus-stop. B. In a park. C. In a hospital. D. In a shop.

( ) 2. How do volunteers usually help those who are sick or old?

A. They mow their lawns, do their shopping and clean up their house.

B. They cook, sew or wash their clothes.

C. They tell them stories and sing and dance for them.

D. They clean, wax and repair their cars.

( ) 3. What is Big Brothers?

A. It‘s the name of a club.

B. It‘s a home for children who have no brothers.

C. It‘s the name of a film.

D. It‘s an organization for boys who no longer have fathers.

( ) 4. Why so most of the boys‘ and girls‘ clubs use many high school and college students as volunteers?

A. Because they have a lot of free time.

B. Because they can still remember what they felt when they were younger.

C. Because they know how to do the work.

D. Because they like younger boys and girls.

( ) 5. What do volunteers believe?

A. To make others happy, they have got to be unhappy.

B. The happiest people in the world are those who make themselves happy

C. the happiest people in the world are those who help to bring happiness to others.

D. when they are happy, the others will be happy.

B

A middle school organized a ―No TV Week‖ program. All the teachers, parents and students worked together for this program and most of them found it to be a very good one. The headmaster said, ―The idea was not to stop watching TV completely but for the students just to find how much time they watch TV and try to use the time for other things.‖

What did the students say about this ―No TV Week‖? One boy said, ―I can‘t believe I haven‘t watch TV for a week, but it‘s been fun doing it.‖ A girl student said, ―I‘m going to give up all TV program except for ?Our Animal World‘ and other language-teaching program. I‘m really pleased that I have more time to do things like walking and thinking. I enjoy this ?No TV Week‘ very much…‖ But not all the students thought it was good. Here one student Tom said something different, ―I don‘t like ?No TV Week‘ because I like watching TV. I have lots of favorite programs and I don‘t want to miss them. But we have to do it.‖

( ) 1. ―No TV Week‖ program was organized _____________.

A. for all the students in the country

B. by one middle school

C. in middle schools all over the country

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D. by teachers all over the country

( ) 2. The aim of ―No TV Week‖ program is to ________.

A. let students watch TV for long

B. stop students watching TV completely

C. let students find much time to watch TV

D. ask students to find time for other things

( ) 3. Watching no TV was _____________ what the boy thought.

A. as hard as B. not harder than C. harder than D. easier than

( ) 4. The girl decided ___________.

A. only to watch some of the TV programs B. not to watch TV at all

C. to watch no TV at all D. to watch TV all the time

( ) 5. ________________ took part in ―No TV Week‖.

A. All the teachers, students and parents

B. None of the students in the school

C. Not all the students in the school

D. All the teachers in the school except one

四、任务型阅读(10分)

以下是某校的校规,请根据内容按四个不同场所归类,并将其序号填入下面相应的横线上。每一横线只能填一个序号:

1. Classroom

______ ______

2. Library

______ ______

3. School bus

______ ______

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4. Playground

______ ______

请你按照以上校规,用英文为自己学校制订一条合理的校规:

5 .

_________________________________________________________________

五、词汇

(一)根据首字母及汉语意思在横线上填入恰当的单词。(10分)

1.The worker often went h_________ because the boss didn‘t give him enough food to eat.

2. Mr and Mrs Smith have been m_________ for thirty years.

3. Her father has just had his _________(四十)birthday.

4.Xiao Hua has _________ (买) the book for two days

5. It‘s said that the aliens have landed on the earth _________ (安全).

(二)综合填空。用方框中所给词的适当形式填空,使短文意思正确通顺。(15分)

The 26-year-old Sui Feifei who is known as ―beauty‖ on the sports ground shines in basketball games. 1 her pretty face and her talent(才能) attract many sports fans.

Because Sui is one of the top basketball 2 in Asia(亚洲), she was chosen to play in the WNBA(women‘s NBA) in the U.S.A. It‘s the 3 time she has worked abroad. She said she was ready for the challenges ahead. She finds friendship and help from her teammates and fans. So she always has confidence in 4 . Much of her confidence comes from her good 5 English.

―My best point is that I enjoy speaking—I‘m never afraid 6 my mouth!‖ She likes speaking English to 7 .

Off the sports ground, she is a good writer. She reads 8 , from foreign novels to Chinese Kungfu stories. That makes her love writing very much. She writes for many newspapers, and she enjoys 9 diaries. She feels free to put her 10 down on paper.

This is Sui Feifei, a popular new star.

1.___________ 2.____________ 3.____________ 4.______________ 5.______________

6.___________ 7.____________ 8.____________ 9.______________ 10.______________

六、书面表达(15分)

你愿意帮助他人吗?如果你有机会成为志愿者,你愿意做什么工作呢?为什么?

根据以上要求,写一篇短文。

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

52

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

第九讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:被动语态 ; 现在完成时的被动语态的结构

重点难点:被动语态

Unit 9 When was it invented?

点 击 要 点

1. 被动语态

(1). 被动语态表示句子的主语是谓语动词所表示的动作承受者。

(2). 被动语态基本结构:be+及物动词的过去分词

(如果是不用物动词,其过去分词应带有相应的介词)

(3). 被动语态中的

一般现在时被动语态为:am/is/are+过去分词

与情态动词连用的被动语态:情态动词+ be + 过去分词

(4). 被动语态中动作的发出者或执行者做介词by的宾语,放在句

末,by 表示―由,被‖的意思 如何理解被动语态?

为取胜更清晰、更深刻地理解被动语态的含义,可以将主动语态和被动语态的句子结构进行比较。 主动语态: 主语+ 谓语动词 + 宾语 + 其他成分

被动语态: 主语+ be +过去分词 + by +宾语 +其他成分

如: Many people speak English.

被动语态 English is spoken by many people.

2. 发明 可数名词 4. be used for doing用来做…(是被动语态) 如:

笔是用来写的。 笔不是用来吃的。

5. 给某人某样东西

give sth. to sb. 如:I gave a pen to him. 我给他一支笔。

give sb. sth. I gave him a pen. 我给他一支笔。

6. all day 整天

7. salty adj. 咸的 salt n. 盐

8. by mistake 错误地 如:

我不小心拿错了雨伞。

9. make sb./sth. +形容词 使…怎么样 它使我高兴

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make sb./sth. +名词 让…做… 它让我发笑

10. by accident 意外 偶然

我在公共汽车站意外地见到了她。

11. not…until… 直到…才做… 如:

I did我直到完成我的工作才去睡觉。

12. according to +名词 根据… 如: 根据这篇文章 根据一个神话

13. over an open fire 野饮

14. leaf n. 叶子 15. nearby adj. 附近的 如: the nearby river

16. fall into 落入 掉进 如:The leaf fell into the river. 叶子落入了河里。fall down 摔倒 如:She fell down from her bike. 她从她自行车摔倒了。

17. quite 非常 adv. 与冠词a连用时,冠词a必须放在它的后面

如: 一个漂亮的女孩

very 非常 adv. 与冠词a连用时,冠词a必须放在它的前面

如: 一个漂亮女孩

注:当不与冠词a 连用时,两者可以互用 如:

我非常高兴。

18. in the way 这样

19. pleased adj. 表示外部因素引起人发自内心的欣慰和愉快

pleasant adj. 愉快 高兴 指天气、时间、旅行令人高兴愉快

please v. 使高兴 使同意

20. battery—operated adj. 电池控制的是名词+动词的运动分词构成的合成形容词

21. in the sixth century 在第6世纪

22. travel around 周游

23. more than === over 超过 如: more than 300 == over 300 超过300

24. including prep. 介词 包括 可以与名词和动名词连用

如6个人包括一个小孩受伤了。

现在完成时的被动语态的结构:have /has been +过去分词

26. be born 出生 他在加拿大出生 安全 安全的

28. knock into 撞上(某人)

29. divide sth. into … 将…划分成..

通常指将一个整体分成几个对应相对的部分 如:

Let‘s 让我们把我们自己划成4组。

30. since then 自从那以后 常与完成时 态连用 如: 自从那以后,我已经离开了北京。

基础巩固

一、词汇:(10分)

1. About 5000 cars were p_________ in the factory last month.

2. This class is too large. We shall have to d________ it.

3. The price of oil has r_________ to $100 a bucket.

4. Of the 7 brothers only 4 now r________, the rest are dead.

5. She was wearing a new dress, but he didn‘t even n_________ it.

6. After reading the letter, he t_________ it in the waste-paper basket.

54

7. Please k_________ on the door before entering.

8. I hope we‘re not moving t__________ the war again.

9. Xi‘an is the city where many a_________ emperors made the capital.

10. Today is so cold. The temperature is b__________ zero.

二.用所给词的适当形式填空。(10)

1. The students don‘t know the _______________ (different).

2. Knives are used for ______________ (cut) .

3. English is the most widely__________ (speak) in the world.

4. English is spoken as the ____________ (one) language by most people in the U. S. A.

5. He couldn‘t get into the house because the door ___________ (lock).

6. I think English is very ______________ (use), too.

7. ______________ (travel) also use computers.

8. He spoke very ________________ (clear), so it was easy to follow him .

9. China is one of the _______________ (large) countries in the world .

10.Three quarters of the _________________ (world) books are written in English .

三.单项选择 (20)

( )1. Sam, you hair is too long and it looks dirty. You‘d better ________ it _______.

A. have, to cut B. get, cutting C. have, cut D. get, cutted

( )2. ---Your dress is so nice. ---Thanks! It ______ by my uncle as a birthday present.

A. gave B. was given C. has given D. will give

( )3. The new bridge over the Yuan Shui River______last year.

A.built B.was built C.has built D. is built

( )4 .All the books will _______ to the children who live in the small village.

A. be sent B. sent C. be send D. send

( )5.Which language is the most widely ______ in the world?

A.speaking B.speak C.spoke D. spoken .

( )6. When ______ the car ________?

A. did, invent B. was, invented C. does, invent D. in, invented

( )7. Jack ______ leave _____ his teacher comes back.

A. doesn‘t, until B. /, until C. won‘t, / D. won‘t, until

( )8. Keys _______ used for ______ the doors.

A. is, opening B. is, opened C. are, opening D. are opened

( )9. My mother told me that my homework must _______ on time.

A. finish B. be finish C. be finished D. finished

( )10. Was a car invented _____ March 4, 1876?

A. on B. in C. at D. of

( )11. The man is made _____ some extra hours.

A. work B. to work C. worked D. working

( )12. This is my new pen. It _______me 18 yuan.

A. cost B. spent C. paid D. took

( )13. When __________ the car __________?

A. did, invent B. was, invented C. does, invent D. is, invented

( )14. A talk on Chinese history ___________ in the school hall next Tuesday.

A. be given B. has given C. will be given D. will give

( )15. The number of teachers in our school ________ 60 and a number of them ________ male teachers.

A. is; are B. are; is C. am; are D. be; are

( )16. Please take the medicine three times a day, __________ it won‘t work well.

A. and B. but C. or D. so

( )17. The boy was often seen __________ on the sports ground.

55

A. to play B. play

C. played D. to playing ( )18. Gilbert __________ electricity, but Edison ________ the light bulb. A. discovered; created C. found; created

A. that; to solve B. invented; discovered D. discovered; invented D. it; to solve

D. another ( )19. He found ________ very difficult ___________ the math problem. B. this; solving C. himself; solve ( )20. Now many Chinese farmers like traveling from one place to _________ to enjoy the beautiful views of our country. A. other B. others C. the others

四、完型填空.( 15分)

Jack was a rich young man. One day, he was ___31___ very happily down a street. Suddenly from his car came a terrible sound. He felt ___32___, so he stopped his car and looked around. He saw a child standing nearby with a few small stones in his hand. He jumped ___33___the car and found a dent (凹痕) in the door. He was so ___34___that he caught the boy and shouted at him, "Who are you? ___35___ did you throw a stone at my new car?"

"Please, sir, please...I'm sorry! But I didn't know what else to do!" said the child. "I threw the stone ___36___ I wanted to get you to notice me. I need your ___37___!‖

Tears (眼泪) were running down the child's face. He said, "My brother ___38___ out of hiswheelchair (轮椅) and was almost under it. He is hurt and too ___39___ for me. Could you give me ___40___to get him back into his ___41___?"

After hearing this, Jack was moved (感动) and ___42___to help him. He lifted the child's brother___43__back into his wheelchair. He looked over the boy carefully to make sure that he was OK. Then he watched the child ___44___his brother towards their home. Suddenly the child ___45___ and bowed (鞠躬) to him. Jack looked at the dent in his car and smiled.

( )1A. walking

( )3A. into B. riding C. jogging D. driving D. tired ( )2A. excited B. interested C. surprised B. across C. over D. out of

( )4A. happy B. sad C. angry D. sorry

( )5A. Why B. How C. When D. Where

( )6A. if B. because

( )7A. money B. car

( )9A. difficult

( )10A. a hand

( )11A. car

( )12A. hurried

( )13A. quietly C. though D. while C. help D. phone ( )8A. fell B. got C. climbed D. pulled B. weak C. heavy D. thin B. a touch C. a pull D. a ring B. wheelchair C. house D. place B. preferred C. wanted D. planned B. gently C. calmly D. tightly

( )14A. carry B. send C. take D. push

( )15. A. cried out B. looked around

五、阅读理解(30分)

(A)

Life in the twenty-first century will be very different from life today. Between then and now many changes will take place, but what will the changes be?

The population is growing fast. There will be a large number of people in the world and most of them will live longer than people live now.

Computers will be much smaller and more useful, and there will be at least one in every home. And computer studies will be one of the important subjects in schools then.

People will work fewer hours than they do now and they will have more free time for sports, watching TV and traveling. Traveling will be much easier and cheaper. And many more people will go to other countries for holidays.

There will be changes in our food, too. Maybe no one will eat meat every day. Instead they eat more fruits and vegetables. People will be much healthier.

Work in the future will be different, too. Dangerous and hard work can be done by robots. Because of this, many people will not have enough work to do. This will be a problem.

56 C. turned around D. got up

( )1. There will be _________ in the future.

A. small population B. few changes C. more people D. few people

( )2. In the future more people will _________.

A. go to other countries for holidays B. study at school

C. will go earlier D. work for many hours

B. meat; fruits and vegetables D. meat and vegetables; fruits ( )3. People will prefer _________ to _________ in the future. A. fruits and vegetables; meat C. fruits and meat; vegetables

A. all the work

( )4. The robots will do _________ in the future. B. the dangerous work D. the easy work for people C. only housework

( )5. Which of the following sentences is TRUE about the computer?

A. It will be much bigger, so few people will use it.

B. It will be much smaller and more useful for people

. C. It will be smaller and not many people will use it.

D. It will be bigger and a lot of people will use it.

(B)

An invention in front of your eyes

What is the most important invention of all time? Is it the written word that helps us to record information? Is it the telephone that lets us talk to people from all over the world? Is it the car that lets us travel at great speeds to meet others? Umberto Eco, an Italian writer, thinks it is something quite different. He says the most important invention might be right in front of your eyes. He is talking about a simple pair of glasses. Modern eye glasses were invented around 1000 years ago. They were more than just a conventient way to read. Before glasses, writers, scientists or teachers who could not see properly had to memorize everything. After about ten years of poor eyesight, they could not remember well enough and could not work. Glasses meant that people could work into their old age. People who wanted to remember some information could write it down and read it. Eye glasses are one of the world‘s greatest inventions and were probably worn by the people who designed the first telephones and cars.

( )6. The invention of the written word is important because________.

A. we need it to listen B. we need it to record informationC. we just need it to read

( )7. The author thinks _____ is the greatest invention of all time in his passage.

A. the telephone B. the car C. simple pair of glasses

( )8. Before glasses were invented, writers, scientists and teachers had to ____.

A. memorize everything B. write down everything C. read everything

( )9. What happened after glasses were invented?

A. People could not remember well enough

B. People could not work

C. People could write down some information and read it

( )10. From this passage, we can know______.

A. modern eye glasses were invented 100 years ago

B. people who designed the first telephones and cars probably wore those glasses

C. the author of this article is an American

(C)

Now some women are spending a weekend at Mother‘s Camp(营地). There, husbands and children are not allowed. Why would a woman want to take a vacation without her family? Some women say they need time to be alone.

At Mother‘s Camp a woman has room to herself. She can sleep, read or watch TV, and no one will bother her. No children will ask, ―Mom, what‘s for dinner?‖ No husband will say, ―Oh, dear, I can‘t find any clean socks.‖ In fact almost 50% of women in the United States work outside the home. Many of them work full-time and then come home to a second job-taking care of their homes and families. These working women say one of their biggest problems is housework.

In the United States, working wives do about 75% of the housework. Many of their husbands say they want to help. But then they burn the rice or they can‘t find the pans. They ask so many questions that their wives decide it is easier to do the job themselves.

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Some women go to Mother‘s Camp just to get a break from housework. For two days they don‘t cook, they don‘t clean, they don‘t look after their children and husbands. What do they do? They enjoy warm, sunny weather, walking, swimming or boating in a clear blue lake and sing songs around the campfire. They relax away from home. They have a really wonderful vacation at Mother‘s Camp. ( )11. From this passage we can see in the United States.

A. women want to work outside the home

B. working wives do most of the housework

C. husbands do as much housework as their wives

D. women do not like to stay at home with their families

( )12. At Mother‘s Camp, women can‘t .

A. watch TV B. read newspapers

C. swim in the lake D. bring their husbands and children

( )13. Why would some mothers like to be alone? Because .

A. they don‘t like their husbands and children B. they have to work full-time

C. they are too busy to relax themselves D.they want a new life

( )14. _______ is one of the biggest troubles for working wives in the United States.

A. Housework B. Working outside the home

D. Looking after their children

B. Welcome to Mother‘s Camp

D. Mothers in the US C. When to take a vacation A. Busy Working Mothers

六、按要求完成下列句子(5)

1. People believe that Bell invented the first telephone in 1876.(改为同义句)

_______ ________ ________ that Bell invented the first telephone in 1876.

2. They were invented by Julie Thompson( 对划线部分提问)

________ ________ they invented _________?

3. I was asked to play the piano .( 对划线部分提问)

________ _______ you ________to do ?

4. The water is used for watering the flowers (对划线部分提问)

________ __________the water used for ?

5. They stayed there until 11 o‘clock. (同义句)

They _________ leave there _______11 o‘clock.

The bicycle is one of the simplest yet most useful inventions in the world. What is most surprising is that it was not ___1___ earlier, although the great inventor Leonardo da Vinci had ___2___ pictures for bicycles and also __3___ flying machines and some other things. Those things were not produced ___4___ long after he died.

A person riding a bicycle uses very energy ___5___ the bicycle move, and there is no pollution at all when you are riding. Even so, in __6___ countries, most people don‘t travel to work ___7___ bicycle. It is not ___8___ the bicycles are expensive or people feel ___9___ if they ride to work. It‘s because the number of cars on the roads becomes ___10___, it certainly becomes ___11___ to ride a bicycle. As a result, more people put ___12___ bikes away and go to work in their cars, and in this way, the situation is made more serious. Perhaps the ___13___ way to make riding safer and more popular is to create paths ___14___ for bicycles, and to make it so difficult and expensive for drivers to take their cars into the city that they ___15___ back to use their bicycles.

八、书面表达(15分)

A) 雨伞也是我国一项古老的发表,请根据右表的内容,用被动语态写出5个句子

58 ( )15.What‘s the best title(标题)for this passage? C. Mothers Relax Away from Home

d. ___________________________

e. ___________________________

B)

Notes: ball-point pen圆珠笔 tanner制革工人 refill再充填 leak 漏

How was the ball-point pen invented?

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

第十讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:过去完成时

重点难点:过去完成时

Unit 10 By the time I got outside,the bus had already left.

点击要点

1. 过去完成时

(1) 构成:由助动词had + 过去分词 构成

否定式: 缩写形式:hadn‘t

(2) 用法 过去完成时表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作。

(3) 它所表示的时间是―过去的过去‖。

①表示过去某一时间可用by, before 等构成的短语来表示

②也可以用when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句来表示

当我到达那里时,你已经开始吃了。

到他到达这里时,汽车已经离开了

2. by the time 直到…时候

指从过去某一点到从句所示的时间为止的一段时间 如:

在我们到达他就已经吃完了晚饭。

3. 英语中表示―把某物遗忘在某处‖常用 leave + 地点

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而不是forget+地点 如:Unluckily, I left my book at home

. 不幸的是,我把书忘在家里了。

4. close v. 关 adv. 接近地 靠近地 closed adj. 关的

5. come out 出来

6. on time 按时 准时 既不早也不迟 in time 及时 指在时限到来之前

7. luckily adv. 幸运地 lucky adj. 幸运的 luck n. 好运

8. give sb. a ride 让某搭便车 如:

他经常让我搭便车去学校。

9.only just 刚刚好、恰好 (闹钟)闹响 刚才警钟响了。 坏掉

12. fool n. 傻子 呆子 v. 愚弄 欺骗 如: 他是一个呆子。 We can‘t 我们不能欺骗我们的教师。(动词) 出现 出席 She didn‘t 昨晚她没有出现 邀请某人做某做事 如:

我的朋友邀请我看电视。 激起 出发 建立

16. ①如此…以致于

引导结果状语从句,so后面接形容词、副词.

②so that作―为了‖时,引导目的状语从句,从句常出现情态动词,

作结果状语从句时,从句中一般不用情态动词 。

如:She got up early so that she could catch the bus.

为了能赶上车,她起得很早。(目的状语从句) she couldn‘t say a word. 她悲伤得一句话也说不出来。(结果状语从句) 从…逃跑 避开如:他们从他们的家里逃了出来。

18. thrill v . 使人非常激动,使人非常紧张

thrilled adj. 指某人感到激动或感到紧张

thrilling adj. 指某事物使人心情激动 结婚

20. convince v. 使信服 convincing adj. 令人信服的

21. land v. 着落 迟到 一片/块/张 如: a piece of paper/ bread

一张纸/ 一块面包

基础巩固

九年级英语第十单元测试题

一、根据句意及首字母的提示,填写所缺的单词.(10)

1. Can you d_______ the picture in English?

2. The soup isn‘t s______. Put some salt again, please.

3. The truth will be r _________ someday.

4. Salt is p_____ in East and South China.

5. His questions made me very e_______.

6. He gave me a r________ when he saw me walking alone.

7. Mr. Wang a _________that we we‘ll have a picnic tomorrow.

8. His sister is going to m _________a businessman next week.

9.I was waiting for the school bus but it didn't come. Then I r_____ it was Saturday.

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10.Tom was e______ because he had stayed up all night working.

二.用所给词的适当形式填空.(12)

1. By the time I got to the bus stop, the bus had already _________(leave).

2. They _______ (make) a lot of friends since they came to our school.

3. She was so ________ (embarrass) that he didn‘t know what to say at the moment.

4. They have been _______(marry) since eight years ago.

5. We _______(learn)eight units by the end of last week.

6. It is three years since he _________ (leave)

7. My sister _______ (watch) TV when I ________ (get) home yesterday.

8. Keep quiet. Dad _______ (listen) to the news now.

9.By the time my parents reached home yesterday, I _______ (cook) the dinner already.

10.I saw Lucy yesterday. We _______ (not see) each other for ten years.

11. Traveling by air is ____________ (expensive) than by train.

12. Changjiang River is ___________ (long) river in China.

三、单项选择.(28)

( )1. What is a telephone used _____, class?

A. to B. in C. for D. about

( ) 2. Was a car invented _____ March 4, 1876?

A. on B. in C. at D. of

( )3. Rice is grown in South China _____ them.

A. by B. in C. with D. for

( )4. The man is made _____ some extra hours.

A. work B. to work C. worked D. working

( )5. This is my new pen. It_____ me 18 yuan.

A. cost B. spent C. paid D. took

( )6. This kind of food is cooked by a cook _____ Jack.

A. call B. calls C. called D. calling

( )7. By the time I wanted to pay for this sweater, I found I my money in the pocket.

A. lost B. have lost C. had lost D. lose

( )8. Our classroom _____ every day, so it‘s very clean.

A. cleans B. is cleaning C. is cleaned D. cleaned

( )9. Li Ming came to school his Dad‘s car this morning.

A. on B. in C. by D. at

( )10. My mother is ill. I stay at home and look after her.

A. had to B. must C. have to D. want

( )11. The film _______ for ten minutes when we got to the cinema.

A. began B. had begun C. was D. had been on

( )12. There _______ great changes in my hometown by the end of 2000.

A. have been B. were C. had been D. had had

( )13. How long have you and your wife ________? —For over twenty years.

A. married B. had married C. got married D. been married

( )14. Ten years _______ since I came to China.

A. has passed B. have passed C. passed D. was passed

( )15. Oh, Danny. It‘s raining outside. You‘d better ________ your raincoat.

A. put on B. put up C. dress D. wear

( ) 16. _____ Ted _____ I take the bus to school every day . We both ride bikes instead.

A Neither;nor B Both;and C Either;or D Neither;or

( ) 17. What happened _____ you _____ April Fool‘s Day ?

A with;in B to;on C with;on D to;in

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( )18. His cousin _____ a foreigner last year.

A married with B married C was married D got married

( ) 19. I wonder whether they _____ to the dinner party tomorrow.

A invited B will invite C are invited D will be invited

( )20.—When did you ________?

—I've _______ for two months.

A.be married; been married B.get married; been married

C.be married; married D.get married; got married

( )21.This is ________ that most of the Chinese people become excited.

A.such good news B.so good a news

C.so a good news D.such a good news

( )22.—When shall we go to the zoo?

—Make _________ any day you like. It's all the same to me.

A.the time B.the date C.it D.sure

( )23.On April Fool's Day people like to play jokes ________ other people.

A.with B.to C.about D.on

( )24.It was such an _________ joke that everyone felt really __________.

A.embarrassing; embarrassed B.embarrassed; embarrassing

C.embarrassed; embarrassed D.embarrassing; embarrassing

( ) 25. Nancy said that she _____ the magazine to the library already.

A has returned B returned C hadn‘t returned D had returned

( ) 26. At that time Mr. Li was too busy to _____ me.

A reply to B answer to C reply D answering

( ) 27 – It is said that _____ people lost their lives in the earthquake.

– I‘m sorry to hear that.

A ten thousands B thousand of C thousands of D ten thousands of

( ) 28. Our teacher told us that there _____ a speech contest the next week.

A will be B would be C will have D would have

四.完型填空(10)

Mary did not( 1 )such sentences as ―She is blue today.‖, ―You are yellow.‖, ―He has a( 2) thumb(大拇指).‖, ―He has told a little white lie.‖, and so on. And she went to her teacher (3 )help.―Mrs. Smith, there is a (4 )in each of these sentences. What do they mean?‖ she asked.―In( 5 )English, Mary, blue( 6) means sad. Yellow—afraid. A person( 7 )a green thumb grows plants well and a white lie is not a bad one, ― the teacher said. ―Would you give me an( 8) for a white lie, teacher?‖―Certainly. Now I give you a cake. In fact you don‘t like it, but you won‘t say it.( 9 )you say, ?No, thanks, I‘m not( 10 ).‘ That‘s a white lie.‖

( ) 1. A. know B. understand C. read D. see

( ) 2. A. blue B. yellow C. white D. green

( ) 3. A. for B. to C. with D. by

( ) 4. A. word B. colour C. mistake D. question

( ) 5. A. today B. common C. everyday D. usual

( ) 6. A. sometimes B. some times C. sometime D. some time

( ) 7. A. to B. with C. of D. at

( ) 8. A. answer B. book C. question D. example

( ) 9. A. And B. Instead C. But D. Also

( ) 10. A. ill B. happy C. full D. hungry

五、阅读理解(30分)

(A)

Perhaps you have heard a lot about the Internet,but what is it?

The Internet is many different networks around the world. A network is a group of computers put together. These networks joined together are called the Internet.

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Maybe that doesn‘t sound interesting. But when we‘ve joined the Internet, there are lots of things we can do.We can find lots of interesting information on the World Wide Web(www).We can use the Internet instead of a library to find all kinds of information for our homework. We can find information about our favourite sports or film stars and do shopping on the Inter-net. We can also send messages to other people by e-mail. It is much cheaper and quicker than calling our friends or sending a letter.

Thanks to the Internet, the world is becoming smaller and smaller. People can now work at home with a computer in front of them, getting and sending the information they need. They can buy or sell whatever they want by the Internet. But do you know 98%of the information is in English? So what will English be like tomorrow?

( )1.The passage is mainly about________.

A.the Internet B.information C.computers D.e mail

( )2.The quickest and cheapest way for people to send messages to their friends is________.

A.by post B.by e mail C.by telephone D.by TV

( )3. The Internet cannot be used to__________.

A.find information for our homework

B.get some information about our favourite sports stars

C.do some shopping

D.do our housework

( )4.Which of the following is NOT true?

A.The Internet is a big computer.

B.The Internet is lots of computer networks.

C.The Internet is very helpful.

D.People can work at home with the help of the Internet.

( )5. What does the writer try to tell us with the last two sentences?

A.The Internet is more and more popular.

B.All the information is in English.

C.English is important in using the Internet.

D.Every computer must join the Internet.

(B)

Zhou Yan, a Junior 3 student in Sichuan Province, wishes she never got a mobile phone. Last week, she went to see a doctor because her arms and fingers were hurting, and she could not see very well. The doctor told her that she had ―mobile phone disease‖. A growing number of teens are getting mobile phone disease because more are buying mobile phones.

Zhou only got her mobile phone two months ago. Her mum bought it for her to use if she ever got into trouble. But Zhou used it to send messages to her friends. She sent messages to them all the time, even after going to bed!

Zhou started to do badly in exams because she was spending so much time playing with her mobile phone. Her mum got very angry with her. But one day, Zhou‘s arms started to hurt. And that is why she went to see the doctor.

Yang Ling of the Northwest Teachers University says that if someone uses their mobile phone too much, like Zhou, they might get mobile phone disease.

Teens should try to use their mobile phones less, says Yang Ling, especially at school. They should try to have fun in other ways, such as by reading and doing sports. If teens find their arms and fingers hurt, she says, they should go to see a doctor as soon as possible. So, if you‘ve just bought a mobile phone, watch out!

( ) 1. Zhou Yan is _______.

A. a student studying in Beijing B. from the Northwest Teachers university

C. a middle school student in Sichuan D. seriously ill in hospital

( ) 2. Last week, she went to see a doctor because ________.

A. her arms and feet were hurting B. she caught a bad cold

C. she couldn‘t hear anything D. she had mobile phone disease

( ) 3. Zhou Yan mainly used her mobile phone to _________.

A. send messages to her parents B. send messages to her teachers

C. send messages to her friends D. make telephone calls to her classmates

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( ) 4. Which of the following is not mentioned?

A. Zhou Yan‘s mother bought the mobile phone for her.

B. Zhou Yan was ill in hospital for a week.

C. Zhou Yan started to do badly in exams.

D. When using a mobile phone, we should be careful.

( ) 5. What may be the best title of the passage?

A. A junior 3 student Zhou Yan. B. About mobile phone disease.

C. Stop using mobile phones. D. Advice on using mobile phones.

(C)根据短文内容,回答下列问题。

The clock struck(敲)eight,but I was still on the bed.I could hear it was blowing strongly.―It must be windy outside,‖ I thought. I came to the small town a week ago. I sold some clothes to a shop.Christmas was coming and I hoped to buy some presents for my family and friends.So I tried to meet the manager and ask him to pay for them.I was out of luck(运气不好).He went to London and I had to wait for him here.There was no theatre here but a cinema.The films were all too old.I preferred staying in the small hotel to sitting in the cold cinema. Half an hour later,I felt hungry.I had to get up.It was white everywhere and some children were skiing down the hill.On my way to the small restaurant,I saw a boy fall on to a rock (岩石).I ran to him quickly and carried him to a hospital.Soon his parents came here.Now I knew the boy was just the manager's son.He thanked me very much and gave me the money after we had a dinner.

1)What was the weather like today?

____________________________________________________________

2)What did the writer(作者)come to the town for?

____________________________________________________________

3)Why did the writer prefer staying in the hotel?

____________________________________________________________

4)When did the writer get up?

____________________________________________________________

5)Why did the manager thank the writer?

____________________________________________________________

六 补全对话(20)

A)从A—F选项中选择适当的答案使对话完整通顺:

Anna:You look unhappy,John.

John: I am. (1)______

Anna:What‘s the problem? I remember you‘ve never been late before.

John: I watched a TV program. It was very wonderful. (2)_____

Anna: Really? But it was too late. (3)______

John: You‘re right. I‘m sure I won‘t do that. (4)_____

Anna: Enough sleep helps study. (5)_____

John: Thank you. I will.

A. You should go to bed early and rise early.

B. So I didn‘t go to bed until 11:00.

C. Do your parents allow you to stay up too late?

D. I was late this morning.

E. You know we‘re not allowed to stay up on school nights.

F. I do feel sleepy today.

B)根据对话内容,用正确的单词填空,使短文完整、正确 .

Tina :I have never been late for school. But yesterday morning…

John: What ____1___?

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Tina: Well, first of all I ___2___.

John: Did you have an alarm clock?

Tina: Yes, but it didn't ___3___. By the time I got up, my brother had already gotten in the shower.

John: Oh, what a ___4___!

Tina: So, after he got out of shower, I ____5___ a quick shower and got dressed.But by the time I went outside, the bus ____6___. John: Oh, no! How did you go to school?

Tina: I ran all the ____7___ to school. But when I got to school, I ___8___ I had left my backpack at home.

John: You must be late for class, right?

Tina: You are right. I got to school very late. I made an ___9___ to my teacher.

John: No ___10___ you look stressed out.

C)选择适当的句子填入空白,使对话完整。(其中有两项是多余的)

A: Hello, Peter! 1_____

B: Certainly! 2_____

A: Which of these do you think is the most useful invention, a computer, a telephone or a television?

B: 3_____ the most useful one is a computer.

A: Why is that?

B: Oh, I think it can help us work and play.

A: 4_____ when it was invented?

B: 5_____, I don‘t know.

a. What is it used for?

b. May I ask you a question?

c. Sorry.

d. What is it used for?

e. I think

f. What is it?

g. Do you know

七、书面表达.(10)

要求:用一般过去时态及过去完成时态写你经历过的某件事.(80字左右)

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

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第十一讲 温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。 2. 讲解上周课后练习. 知识目标:宾语从句 重点难点:宾语从句

Unit 11 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?

点击要点

1.宾语从句 宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。 常由下面的一些连接词引导:

他说他在家里。

③由if , whether 引导 表示一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等) I don‘t know 我不知道韦华是否喜欢鱼。

你知道他想要买什么吗? ⑤从句时态要与主句一致

他说他在家里。

I 我不知道她正在唱歌。 她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。

你知道他将会什么时候回来? 当主句是一般过去时,从句应使用过去某时态(一般过 去时,过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时) 他说他在家里。

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I 我不知道她正在唱歌。

她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。 你知道他将会什么时候回来?

2. get v. 得到、买、到达

3. make a telephone call 打电话

4. save money 省钱、存钱

5. ①问路常用的句子:

②Can/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth. 表示十分客气地询问事情

③Could you tell me how to get to the park?

请你告诉我怎么才能去邮局好吗?中的how to get to the park 是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句,可是

相当于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)如:

I don‘t know ==

I don‘t know == 你能告诉我什么时候离开?

6. 日常交际用语:

take the elevator / escalator to the … floor.乘电梯/自动扶梯到…楼

turn left / right === take a left / right 向左/ 右转

go past 经过 go straight 向前直走 旁边、紧接着 如:莉莉就在安的旁边。

8. 在…和…之间

如: Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。 决定做… She 她决定去吃午餐。 decide v. n. 做个决定 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方?

如:There are something to eat. 这有吃的东西。中的to eat修饰代词something,作定语. 译为―有点、一点‖

如: She is kind of shy. 她有点害羞。

12. expensive 贵的 反义词 不贵的

13. crowded 拥挤的 反义词 不拥挤的

15. dress up 打扮 dress up as 打扮成..

如:He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas. 他想要打扮成圣诞老人。

16. on the beach 在海滩上 的介词用 on adv. 有礼貌地 polite adj. 有礼貌的

根据、依靠、依赖、决定于

生物对阳光有依赖性。

We can‘t 我们不能根据他的回答。

那决定于你怎样做这件事。

19. prefer动词 更喜欢 宁愿 常用的结构有:

更喜欢某事 我更喜欢英语。

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宁愿做某事 我宁愿坐着。

同…相比更喜欢… I prefer

与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着

prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。 另一方面

21. 把…借给某人lend sb. sth. = lend sth.to sb. 如: 莉莉把她的书借给了我。

22. such as

23. I‘m sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。

24. in a way 在某种程度说 为了做… 表目的如: 他起早床,是为了赶上头班公共汽车。

26. 等级/同级比较:as…as , not as/so…as

①as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as

表示―和…一样的…‖―…和…一样的…‖

如: 他工作和我们同样努力。

②否定式:not as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as

He does他工作没有我们那样努力。

基础巩固

I. 单项选择。(计15分)

( ) 1. Could you please ________ us Mary‘s telephone number?

A. to give B. give C. giving D. to giving

( ) 2. That is a good place ______ hang out.

A. for B. on C. to D. with

( ) 3. I really don‘t know if she it when she .

A. will find, arrives B. will find, will arrive

C. finds, arrives D. finds, will arrive

( ) 4. —Would you like some coffee? —No, I prefer tea coffee.

A. than B. with C. to D. of

( ) 5. —Do you know going to stay in London?

—No, I don‘t. Maybe a few days.

A. when he is B. how long he is

C. when is he D. how long is he

( ) 6. Can you please tell me where ____________ the post office?

A. to find B. can I find C. how to find D. find

( ) 7. Do you know where ______________ some maps?

A. can I buy B. can buy C. I can buy D. buy

( ) 8. Do you know ________ there are any good restaurants _______ this block?

A. if, on B. how, on C. if, to D. where, to

( ) 9. The teacher told us on the road.

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A. don‘t play B. not play C. not to play D. be not play

( ) 10. Nelson wanted to know .

A. when would the meeting begin

C. when the meeting would begin B. when will the meeting begin D. when the meeting will begin

( ) 11. Could you please ask George if he ________ to plant trees with us?

A. goes B. go C. went D. will go

( ) 12. He preferred _______at home rather than go to the cinema.

A. stay B. to stay C. staying D. to staying

( ) 13. You can _________ my dictionary, but you mustn‘t _________ it to others.

A. borrow, lend B. borrow, borrow

C. lend, borrow D. lend, lend

( ) 14. Look our teacher is sitting ______ Jenny _____ Mike.

A. at, with

C. between, in B. between, and D .about, on

( ) 15.—Could you please tell me where the restrooms are? —___________

A. Yes, I can. B. I could. C. Sure. D. I could tell you.

Ⅱ.完形填空。(计10分)

Once a man named Henry found a box of old papers in a room. He most of them, for he didn‘t like old things very much. one of these papers was an old letter. It was written by a famous writer. ―When this letter was written,‖ said Henry, ―writer. But now everyone knows him. Some people like to and keep letters like this. I will get a lot of money for this letter if I sell it to the right man.‖

There were a lot of dirty marks all over the letter. He thought, ―It doesn‘t look he cleaned the letter in New York. He knew that old papers of this kind were bought and sold there.

The man in the shop looked at the letter for a long time. Then he said, ―I‘ll you ten dollars.‖ ―Only ten dollars?‖ said Henry. ―But people pay a thousand a letter like this. I‘ve cleaned it and made it look nice.‖ ―I can see that,‖ said the man, ―That‘s the People who buy old papers like them to be dirty.‖

( ) 1.A. took

( ) 2. A. And

( ) 3. A. No one

( ) 4. A. read

( ) 5. A. dirty

( ) 6. A. carefully

( ) 7. A. cinema

( ) 8. A. spend

( ) 9. A. on

( ) 10.A. difficulty

Ⅲ. 阅读理解。(计20分)

A

Last Sunday, Mr Black and his neighbor went out to a place outside their city. It was sunny and the sea was blue on that day. How happy they felt! When they were climbing the mountain they saw some monkeys eating bananas in the big trees. After that they found a small house on the top of the mountain and there was a very nice smell coming out of house. The owner of the house must be cooking something delicious. So they couldn‘t wait to enter the house. To their surprise, when they came to the front of the house they heard some noise in the house. What was happening? Oh! Some students were having a picnic inside the house happily. Finally Mr Black and his neighbor joined the teenagers. They all had a wonderful time last Sunday.

( ) 1. Last week the weather was______ when Mr Black went out with his neighbor.

A. cloudy B. rainy C. fine D. snowy

69 B. burnt B. Because B. Anyone B. see B. true B. kindly B. shop B. lend B. in B. problem C. wrote C. But C. All C. buy C. worried C. heavily C. library C. send C. for C. question D. kept D. If D. Everyone D. sell D. nice D. suddenly D. bookshop D. give D. with D. answer

( ) 2.They saw some ________ eating some fruit in the trees.

A. lions B. tigers C. pandas D. monkeys

( ) 3. Some students were having a picnic___________.

A. at the foot of the mountain B. in a small house

C. in the trees D. out of the house

( ) 4. When Mr Black smelt the cooking smell, he and his neighbor ___________.

A. went into the house B. closed the door C. left the house D. went away

( ) 5. This story happened on the _______ day of a week in English.

A. first B. second C. third D. last

B

Good morning. The program today is about music. The word ―music‖ comes from the Greek word ―muse‖. The Muses are the goddesses of the arts. Music is only one of the arts. It is like the spoken language, but is uses sounds. Today‘s program brings together music from different corners of the world. Who invented music? Who sang the first song? No one knows exactly the answers to these questions. But we know that music plays an important part in almost everyone‘s life. Babies and young children love to hear people singing to them. When they are a little older, they like to sing the songs they have heard. When children go to school,their world of music grows. In the middle grades students take music lessons. When they reach high school,they become interested in listening to pop music. The records we have chosen for you today are form American country music,Indian music, pop music and so on. Music has

meaning for everyone. It can make people happy or it can make them sad. In this program we shall study the language of music. We shall be trying to find out more about how music works. We shall try to find out how music says what people feel.

Now, here comes the music today,I shall explain why they are all good music…

A.styles of music B.history of music

C.taste of music D.knowledge of music

.

A.a host B.a singer C.a dancer D.a teacher

8.Which is TRUE according to the passage?

A.The Muses invented music. B.Music can bring people some feelings.

C.Music was from a Greek village. D.Everyone is interested in pop music.

.

A.music is a spoken language B.music develops as we grow up

C.music is above the other arts D.music plays an important part in our life

10.What is NOT the purpose of this music program?

A.To study the language of music.

B.To learn more about the music.

C.To give a complete background to the music.

D.To give people some music to listen to.

IV.单词考查。(计25分)

A.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词。

out?

with people.

3. Ted w________ why the police called him, so he went to the police station yesterday.

air in?

7. This evening I‘llup for my friend‘s birthday party.

8. May I t____________ you to shut the door? It‘s a little cold in the room.

9. You should give a d__________ answer in order to make everyone understand you.

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10.I‘m sorry if I‘ve(冒犯)you.

B.用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

11. Excuse me. Do you know where I can _______ (buy) some shampoo?

12. Could you tell me how ________ (get) to the drugstore?

13. Can you tell me where the drugstores_____ (be)?

14. The Smith‘s restaurant is a good place__________ (eat).

15. Could you please _________ ( not park) you car here?

V.句型转换。(计5分)

1. He asked me, ―How can I get to the bank?‖(合并为一句)

He asked me how 2. Could you tell me how I can get to the supermarket? (改为同义句)

Could you tell me _________ _________ get to the supermarket?

3. Where does he work? Do you know? (合并为一个句子)

Do you know _________ he __________?

4. Yesterday I borrowed an English-Chinese dictionary from her. (改为同义句)

She __________ an English-Chinese dictionary _______ me yesterday.

5. Does Julie enjoy living in China? Could you tell us?(变为复合句)

Could you tell us living in China?

VI.完成句子。(计5分)

1.明天你必须按时交上你的作业。

You must _________ _________ your homework on time tomorrow.

2.他经常扮成小丑来取乐。

He often __________ _________ as a clown to make fun.

3.为了赶早班车,今天早晨他起的很早。

This morning he got up very early______ _______ _______catch the early bus.

4.药店位于家具店和书店之间。

The drugstore is ___________ the furniture store__________ the bookstore.

5.每天她都要用大量的时间来读书。

She __________ a lot of time __________ some books every day.

VII.补全对话。(计5分)

阅读下面对话,从方框内7个选项中选择5个恰当的句子完成此对话,使其意思完整。

A: Mr. Fred, you often help children.

B: Yes, of course. Children often write to me and ask me how to solve their problems.

A:

B: Many can‘t decide when to study and when to play. I think they should learn to achieve a balance between study and play. A: I agree. Sometimes I get too much homework and B: You must feel stressed from time to time, right?

A: Yes. Can you give me some advice?

B: OK. A: I see. Any more?

B: Yes. You can also get help from youth workers at your own school.

A: Thanks for your advice.

B:

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VIII.书面表达。(计15分)

请你以校办公室的名义用英语发一则Notice, 告知初二学生明天将去四个地方作调查,注意事项写在提示里,题目:Notice. 写作提示:

1.visit four places

2.tomorrow, leave after breakfast at 8:00

3.lunch at the place of visit

4.come back in the afternoon

5.four groups, each group to a place

6.each class a group, say which place you want to visit, then tell the office

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _

School Office in No.14 Middle School

May 16th,2010

第十二讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:be supposed to do .

重点难点:be supposed to do .

Unit 12 You're supposed to shake hands.

点击要点

1. be supposed to do .应该 如: We are supposed to stop smoking.

我们应该停止吸烟。

知识拓展 表示应该的词有:should, ought to ,be supposed to 72

2. shake hands 握手 shake 本意是―摇动、震动‖ 你本应该问清楚怎么样穿才得体。中的―should have asked‖是

―情态动词+现在完成时‖表示过去本应该做某事,事实上没有做

如:She should have gone to Beijing. 她本应该去了北京。(没有去)

4. be relaxed about sth. 对某事随意、不严格 如:

They are relaxed about the time. 他们对时间很随意。

5. pretty adv. 相当,很=very She is pretty friendly. 她相当友好。 adj. 美丽的 She is a pretty girl.她是一个美丽的女孩。

6. make plans to do == plan to do. 打算做某事 如:

She has made plans to go to Beijing.==She has planed to go to Beijing.

7. drop by 访问 看望 拜访 串门

We just dropped by our friends‘ homes.我们刚刚去朋友家串门。

8. on time 按时

9.after all 毕竟 终究 如:You see I was right after all.你看,毕竟还是我对了。

10. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 如:

Lily invited me to have dinner.莉莉请我吃晚饭。

11. without 没有

12. around the world == all over the world 全世界

13. pick up 捡起 挑选 如:He picked up his hat. 他捡起他的帽子。

14. start doing == start to do 开始做某事 如

He started reading.== He started to read. 他开始读。

15. point at 指向

16. stick v. 剌 截 n. 棒,棍

chopstick 筷子 是由chop(砍)+stick(棒)合成,通常用复数形式:chopsticks

17. go out of one‘s way to do 特意,专门做某事 如:

He went out of his way to make me happy. 他特意使我高兴。

18. make mistakes 犯错误(复数)make a mistake 犯错误(一个)

19. be different from 与…不同 如:

Chinese food is different from theirs. 中国菜与他们的不同.

20. get/be used to sth. 习惯于…

get/be used to doing 习惯于…

be used to do 被用于做…

be used for doing 被用于做…

used to do 过去常常做… 如:

I wash clothes everyday. But I‘m used to it.

我每天都洗衣服,但我习惯了

I am used to washing clothes. 我习惯于洗衣服了。

The knives are used to cut things. 小刀被用来切东西。

The knives are used for cutting things. 小刀被用来切东西。

She used to watch TV after school. 她过去放学后常常看电视。

21. 我发现要记住每一样事是困难的。 形式宾语 真正宾语

常见的形式宾语有: find / think + it/them +形容词 to do sth. 如: I think it hard to study English.

22. cut up 切开 切碎 如:Let‘s cut up the water melon. 让我们切开这个西瓜吧。

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23. make a toast 敬酒

24. crowd v.挤满 其形容词和过去式及过去分词都是:crowded

25. set n. 一套 v. 设置

26. can‘t stop doing 忍不住做某事

I can‘t stop laughing. 我忍不住笑

27. make faces 做鬼脸

28. face to face 面对面

29. learn…by oneself 自学 如:I learn English by my self. 我自学英语。

基础巩固

I. 单项选择。(计15分)

( ) 1. Everyone is supposed ________ a seat belt in the car.

A. wearing B. to wear C. to be worn D. to dress

( ) 2. She felt A. bit B. a bit of C. a bit D. a little of

( ) 3. I find ________ difficult to remember everything, though I‘m still young.

A. that B. this C. it D. its

( ) 4. is really hard them to climb Mount Qomolangma.

A. It, for B. This, to C. This, for D. It, to

( ) 5. He gave up ______two years ago. That‘s to say, he is a non-smoker now.

A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked

( ) 6.She had never been to the Great Wall. Today she saw it ____ the first time.

A. at B. for C. in D. by

( ) 7. In Switzerland, people ________ visit a friend‘s house.

A. make plans B. make plans to

C. makes plans to D. make a plant

( ) 8. You‘d better not read today‘s newspaper because there is in it.

A. something interesting B. anything new

C. important thing D. nothing relaxed

( ) 9. It‘s too hot. Do you mind ______ the window?

A. my closing B. my opening C. open D. close

( ) 10. —Did you go to Li Lei‘s birthday party? —No, I .

A. wasn‘t invited B. haven‘t invited

C. don‘t invite D. am not invited

( ) 11. He used to football after school last term.

A. play B. played C. playing D. plays

( ) 12. We mustn‘t go into the teachers‘ office withouton the door.

A. knock B. to knock C. knocking D. knocked

( ) 13. My mother made me my homework first yesterday.

A. do B. did C. to do D. doing

( ) 14. I think our teacher was too strict, but now I A. used to, used to B. am used to, am used to

C. used to, am used to D. am used to, used to

( ) 15. — — She here on June, 26th.

A. arrived in, arrived B. arrived at, got to

C. reach to, got D. get to, arrived

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II.完形填空。(计10分)

Manners(礼貌)are important to happy relations(关系)among people. No one a person with bad manners. A with good to help them. When he asks for something, he says ――And when he receives something, he says ―Thank you‖. He does not interrupt(打扰) people when they are talking. He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly public. When he sneezes or spits(吐痰), he uses a make an apology(道歉)to the teacher either at the time 10 after class.

( ) 1. A. thinks ( ) 3. A. tries ( ) 4. A. Give me ( ) 5. A. never ( ) 6. A. every ( ) 7. A. on

( ) 8. A. book ( ) 9. A. can ( ) 10.A. or

B. likes

C. hates

D. loves

( ) 2. A. boy B. man C. person D. give D. enjoys D. in A

D. may D. but D. Hello D. other D. still

B. wants B. Please B. sometime B. some B. at B. cup B. will B. nor

C. has C. Yes

C. his

C. usually

C. of

C. could C. and

C. handkerchief D. hand

III. 阅读理解。(计20分)

We know good manners are important. Today I am going to tell you something about manners in different countries. I think you already know that people in different countries usually have different ways of doing things. Something that is rude in one country may be quite polite in another. For example, in Britain you mustn‘t lift your bowl to your mouth when you are having liquid food. That is considered bad manners in Britain. But in Japan you needn‘t worry about making a noise when you drink something. It shows that you are enjoying it. In Britain we try not to put our hands on the table at all during a meal. In Mexico, however, guests are expected to keep must be careful with our hands. You see, in Arabic countries you mustn‘t eat with your left hand. This is considered to be very impolite. So, what should you do if you visit a foreign country? Well, you needn‘t worry. You can ask the native people there to help you and you can just watch carefully and try to do what they do.

( )1. In Arabic countries you must be careful with your _____. A. feet B. mouth C . eyes D. hands ( )2. In Britain we try not to put our hands _____ during a meal . A. on the desk B. in the bed C. on the table D. in the pocket ( )3. Which of the following is true?

A. In different countries, the manners are the same.

B. Different manners in different countries. C. Good manners are not important.

D. In Arabic countries we mustn‘t be careful with our hands.

( )4.What‘s the meaning of the underlined word ―throughout ‖? A.穿过 B. 贯穿 C. 通过 D. 横过 ( )5. The mainly idea of this passage is ______ .

A. Manners B. Habits C. Traffic D. Lights

B

Have you ever studied abroad?Maybe it is an amazing experience,especially when you come to Australia as an foreign high school student.You can have a lot of fun there,especially on holidays.

There are many festivals in Australia.The most important one in Christmas.Each year,the summer holidays at every hign school last about two months from the beginning of December to February ,which covers the Christmas time.Since it is a long holiday,most foreigu students in Australia love to fly back to their home countries to spend the time with their families and friends,but a few students still stay in Australia during the holiday to get part-time jobs.It is quite easy to find a parttime job at Christmas.Students often take part in another major social activity.They go to the beach to have fun in the sunshine.The summer in Australia is from December to February,so going to

75

the beach in December is very popular among Australians.

Easter in March is another important holiday in the year.It actually combines ―Good Friday‖and ―Easter Monday‖.Almost every shop closes on Good Friday.And people usually go to see Easter Show.

The Chinese new year is not a public holiday in Australia,so every Chinese student still has to go to school to study and do his or her normal duties.

IV.单词考查。(计20分)

A.根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成句子。(10分)

1. In China, people usually s___________ hands when they meet for the first time. 2. The students are s___________ to wear their uniforms at school, aren‘t they?

3. You had better not k___________ the baby‘s mouth because she is ill.

4. W___________ spoon is this? It‘s Li Lei‘s.

5.—May I use the k___________ to cut the apple? —Yes, please.

6.—Could you please eat some delicious food again? —No, I am f_________ now.

7.Sometimes we can use some punctuation(标点) m_________ to express our emotions.

8.We should often _____________(实验)with our own ideas, so that we can improve our skills.

9.It‘s very important to use e-mail at the __________(合适的) time.

10.I‘m ___________(逐渐地) getting used to things.

B.用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。(5分)

11. When I entered the office, the boss stopped (talk) with me.

12. In e-mail English, punctuation marks are used for (show) feelings.

13. The host family did their best to make me ___________ (feel) at home.

14. You‘re not supposed to eat or drink while ____________(walk) down the street.

15. All of the students (suppose) to hand in their homework on time.

C. 根据短文大意和语境选择方框内的单词,并用其正确的形式填入空白处(每空填一词),使补全后的短文意思通顺,语法正确,结构完整。(10分)

Yesterday afternoon, the students were having a chemistry class. Miss. Lee was telling the children what

like. She asked her students, ―Could you say something more about water?‖ No one answered for a fewdon‘t you answer my questions?‖

Just then a boy his hand and said, ―Miss. Lee, you told us that water has no colors and no smells. But where to find such water? The water in the river behind my house is always black and it has a bad smell. ―Yeah, that‘s true!‖ Most of the children agreed him.

―I‘m sorry, children,‖ said the teacher. ―Our water is getting dirtier and dirtier. That‘s really aproblem. What should we do to make the river clean?‖

V. 按要求完成下列句子。(计10分)

1. The students should wear their uniforms at school. (改为同义句)

76

The students are_________ ___________ wear their uniforms at school.

2. His father went out and didn‘t say a word. (改为同义句)

His father went out __________ __________a word.

3. Wei Hua has learned two kinds of foreign languages by herself. (改为同义句)

Wei Hua has_________ _________two kinds of foreign languages.

就划线部分提问)

_________ did he ________ e-mail?

5. You are supposed to bow in Korea. (改为否定句)

You __________ ___________ to bow in Korea.

VI.补全对话。(计5分)

根据对话内容,在每个标有题号的空白处填入一个适当的句子,使对话完整,合乎情景。

A:Hi,Bill.You look unhappy. 1

B:I didn‘t pass the English exam again.

A: 2 But please don‘t give up.

B:Well,maybe my way of learning English is not right.

A:3

B:I learn it by doing my English homework early in the morning.

A:Oh,you should read books instead.It‘s easy to remember things early in the morning,don‘t you think so?

B:Mm...,perhaps you‘re right.I‘ll have a try.

A:Do you take notes in English class?

B:Never! I just listen to what the teacher says.What do you think of the way?

A: 4 You should write down the important things that the teacher tells you.After class,review it as soon as possible. B: OK.I‘ll do as you tell me.

A: Good luck to you!

B: 5

VII. 书面表达。(计15分)

最近你们学校要举行一次‖中学生该不该上网‖的讨论。请根据下表内容写一篇发言稿。要求:字数100词左右 注意:不要逐句翻译。

益处: 1.看国内外新闻,获取信息。 2.发e-mail,打电话。

3.上网络学校,阅读各种书籍,自学外语。4.提高我们操作电脑的能力

5.欣赏音乐,观看体育比赛,玩棋牌等游戏,网上购物,丰富我们的生活。

注意事项:1.不要沉湎于(be given to)上网以免影响生活和学习。

2.不要上不健康的网站。

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

第十三讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:不定式和形容词作make的宾补。

重点难点:使役动词

77

Unit 13 Rainy days make me sad

点击要点

1. 使役动词:有些动词例如:make,have,let,get,keep等常用来表示让…使…强制…,这些动词被称为使役动词。

2. make的用法:(1)make+宾+adj:使..感到(处于)..使某人或某事变得…Eg:Soccer makes him excited.足球使他感到兴奋。

(2)make+宾+n:使…成为…. Eg:If anyone came to set me free,I would make him king over the earth.如果有人放我出去,我会使他成为统治地球的君王。

(3)make+宾+不带to 的不定式:使…做某事。注:转为被动语态时要变成带的不定式。Eg:Sad music makes me want to leave.

(4)make+宾+现在分词:使某人或某事一直在….Eg:He makes the boy standing all the time.他使这个男孩一直在站着。

(5)make+宾+过去分词:使…怎么样,使某人或某事被做,宾语一般为反身代词。Eg:I just couldn‘t make myself understand while talking with him.

(6)make it及时赶到,取得成功,参加

(7)make在被动语态中,结构为:be made to +动词原形

3. rather相当,常用结构有:rather a/an +adj+n, rather than(而不是,选择前者,否定后者), would rather do,否定形式为:would rather not do , would rather do…than do …, prefer to do …rather than do…宁愿做..而不愿做.., prefer to do , 拓展:as…as , 否定形式为 not as…as

4. Me too.===So do I.我也是

5.so..that中 so 为adv,后面+adj/adv, so that 否定可以与too…to 互换 ,肯定形式可以与enough to 互换 ; such为 adj,后面 +n, 注:当n前有 many,much,few,或little等词修饰时,只用 so..that

6.serve(vt) (1)后面+宾语 (2)serve sb sth==serve sth to sb 招待某人

(3)serve sb with sth 用…招待某人

7.learn..from sb向..学习,以..为榜样,learn from sth. 从…中学习,

learn of听说,了解到 use sth to do sth用某物去做某事

8.therefore,(adv) 因此,所以,为正式用语,常使用逗号,可以和and连用;so 不可以与and连用.

9. design (vt)+n/pron做宾语,被动语态为be designed to be… 被设计成…

10.What‘s your opinion about…+n/pron/v-ing询问对某人或某事的看法

11. keep sb doing使..处于某种状态或保持…

12.keep可做实义动词,后+现在分词/过去分词/形容词/副词。Keep sb/sth out留在外面,置身于某物之外,不让某人或物入内;keep off避开,使..免受影响;keep away from使…远离;keep from doing sth阻止…做某事;keep on doing sth继续做某事;keep..in doing sth一直做某事;keep up with跟上

13.当回答带有ever的疑问句时,不可用ever,否定用never,肯定有时可用once,twice…Eg: No,never./ Yes but only once/twice….

14.shiny(1)His face was red and shiny他红光满面。

(2)Her eyes were shiningwithexcitement.她兴奋得两眼放光.

15.It worked really well. Work 起作用,产生影响。

16.agree with sb/one‘s opinion/view/idea 同意某人或某人的观点,看法,所说的话

Agree with sth 与...一致(气候,食物)适合Eg: The weather doesn‘t agree with him.

Agree on /upon 对..取得一致意见(主语常为协商一件事的人或单位,后+具体的协议,文件,计划,行动等) Agree to do sth 同意做某事

17. be aimed at 针对..旨在… aim at 朝…瞄准 aim sth at sb 用某物瞄准某人

18. price 物品有贵贱,价格有高低 lead sb to do sth 引导某人做某事

19.tell the truth说实话,说出真相 ask sb for sth向某人要某物

20.leave for 离开去某地 leave…to …离开某地去某地 leave sb sth==leave sth for sb 留给某人某物

21.be annoyed at sth 被某事激怒 be annoyed with sb 被某人激怒 make sb annoyed ..with oneself 使某人感到自己烦躁

22. no one 第三人称单数,指人不加 of, none 指人或物,可以加 of

23. If可引导条件状语从句和宾语从句,whether不能引导条件状语从句,以下情况只能用whether不能用 if :A.动词discuss后的宾语从句;B.介词后的宾语从句;C.与不定式连用;D.与or not连用,构成名词性从句如主语从句等。Eg:Whether Smith will come or not is still unknown; E.位于句首的宾语从句

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24. receive收到,接纳,指被动接收(具体实物);

accept 主观接受(工作,挑战,邀请,条件,计划,忠告,事实等) 25.pretend to do sth,pretend that从句 to be honest老实说

26.强调句:It is +被强调部分+that+剩余部分。如果被强调的主语时人,用who/that ;如果被强调部分是其他成分,必须用that.

Eg: It‘s the thought that counts. 那片心意就弥足珍贵。 27.It‘s fair to say that.说句公道话,说..才是公平的

to be fair 说句公道话be fair 公道些 .lost in thought==keep in thought陷入沉思中

基础巩固

I. 单项选择。(计15分)

( ) 1.You have so many shirts,but this shirt is too big for me.Please give me one. A. other A. nice, well A. in A. listen A. stopped A. with A. of

she left yesterday. A. to close, closing C. closing, close A. paid A. saying

A. to stay, to go

—Sure.

A. what to work it out B. what to work out it C. how to work it out D. how to work out it

( ) 13. So homework really makes the students feel tired. A. much A. waiting A. called

II. 完形填空。(计10分)

B. many B. waiting for B. to call

C. little C. to wait C. calling

D. few D. to wait for D. calls

( ) 14. I‘m sorry that I have kept you me so long.

( ) 15. When they came to the forest, they suddenly heard somebody for help.

B. closing, to close B. spent B. say

D. to close, close C. cost C. says

D. took D. said

D. staying, to go

B. another B. nice, good B. about B. to listen B. stops B. for B. part of

C. the other C. well, well C. with C. listening C. to stop C. from C. is

D. others D. good, nice D. at D. listenning D. stop D. about D. are

( ) 2. This kind of bike looks and sells . ( ) 3. —How do you feel the raining days? —It makes me sad. ( ) 4. I spend an hour to music every day.

( ) 5. My aunt played the light music to make the baby crying. ( ) 6. We should learn the others, because everyone has his advantages. ( ) 7. The room with three windows in front of our classroom. ( ) 8. My wife often forgets the door, but she remembered it when

( ) 9. I bought a new dictionary and it me 30 yuan. ( ) 10. . He left without anything just now. ( ) 11. He‘d rather at home than out.

B. to stay, going C. stay, go

( ) 12. —This physics problem is too difficult. Can you show me , Li Lei?

Herb was at home alone one night while his parents were out in the evening. He had often stayed alone before, so he wasn‘t As he waited for his parents to return home, he watched the latest films on TV. became heavier and heavier as the time passed.

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Suddenly Herb‘s eyes opened wide. What was that in the next room? Herb heard the window slowly being inched (一点一点地) open. For a minute Herb was so frightened that he could not 4 , and his body felt like ice.

He knew that he mustn‘t lose his and began to think of the things he could do. He couldn‘t the telephone without passing the window where he had heard the noise. Again he heard the sound of someone trying to into his room through the windows.

Herb‘s drums were standing near the TV. ―Wait, maybe there is something I can do.‖ thought Herb. He picked up the drumsticks and beat on the drums as as he could. The commotion (骚动) was so terrible that Herb surprised himself. He also surprised the person the window, who ran away as fast as possible. ( ) 1. A. worried ( ) 2. A. The films ( ) 3. A. talk ( ) 4. A. hear ( ) 5. A. head ( ) 6. A. reach ( ) 7. A. walk ( ) 8. A. fast ( ) 9. A. still

( ) 10.A. at

Ⅲ. 阅读理解。(计20分)

B. lonely B. His body B. noise B. cry B. heart B. touch B. run B. hard B. even B. to

C. afraid C. The night C. person C. move C. hope C. watch C. jump C. carefully C. perhaps C. on

A

Welcome to Franklin Hotel! We will make your stay here as enjoyable as possible. We hope we will give you the best service(服务). Room Service: You can use the service 24 hours a day.

Dining Room: You can have three meals a day in the dining room. Breakfast is from 8:00 to 9:30. Also the room waiter may bring breakfast to your room at any time after 7:00. If you need, please fill in a card and hang it outside your room before 6:00. Lunch is from 12:00 to 14:00. Dinner is from 18:30 to 20:30.

―0‖ before you make a call. We will tell you to wait a moment if the lines are busy.

Shop: The hotel shop is open from 9:00 to 17:30.

Coffee House: You can drink coffee here at the following times: 12:00 to 14:00, 20:00 to 23:30.

Other services: There is a cinema in the hotel. A film begins at 19:00 on Sundays and Wednesdays. Hot water is offered 24 hours. ( )1. If you want to have a meal at 5:30 a.m., what would you do?

A. Phone the service desk. B. Go to the hotel shop to buy some food. C. Go to the hotel dining room.

( )2. The underlined word ―dial‖ means _______.

A. 划 A. 12:00

B. 打 C. 拨 B. 1:00 C. 10:00

D. 摸 D. 11:30

( )3. If you want to have a two-hour business talk in the coffee house, you may go there at . ( )4.The instructions tell us that you can _______.

A. go shopping at any time in the hotel B. get at least seven services C. see a film when you want to

( )5. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Franklin Hotel offers supper from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.

B. If you want to make a call in Franklin Hotel, you must dial ―0‖ first. C. You can go shopping at 5:30a.m. in Franklin Hotel.

D. You can get your breakfast without leaving your room in Franklin Hotel.

B

More and more advertisements appear on the Web. You have to be careful not to be fooled or tricked(欺骗) by the advertisements , but it isn‘t always cheap. And some so-called new things just have a new outside.

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D. go to the coffee house twice a week D. Put a message outside the room.

D. sad D. His eyes D. thing D. think D. way D. catch D. climb D. strongly D. rather D. in

However, shopping online is a kind of fashionable thing today. I love to buy things for everyday use, so I often get lots of

information about them on websites online. For example, if I want an MP4, I can choose my favorite one, and look for what the users like or don‘t like about it, then decide whether to buy or not. And at the same time, you don‘t have to go to a shop or walk around a crowded shopping area, so you don‘t have to waste much time. The Internet is really useful for shopping, but be careful not to spend too much. A. spend too much B. always believe the advertisements

C. never believe the advertisements D. be careful not to be fooled

7. What does the writer think of the advertisements online?

A. They‘re always true. B. They‘re not useful.

C. They‘re sometimes not true. D. They‘re always fashionable.

8. What does the underlined word ―bargain‖ in the passage probably mean?

A. 谈判 B. 协议 C. 贵重物品 D. 便宜物品

9. What does the writer often buy online?

A. So-called new things. B. Things like an MP4.

C. So-called cheap things D. Things like a house. A. can save time B. have to waste time

C. have to get expensive things D. can only buy things with a new outside

Ⅳ A).根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词。(计10分)

1. Don‘t tell a lie. Please tell us the, so we can make a right decision.

2. What‘s in your ? — Some books and a pencil-box.

to be comfortable.

, but it makes Tina relaxed.

have to know how to make food. They also have to know how to make money.

6. —?

— I prefer pink.

7. Different people have very different 思想).

8. The quality of a (产品) is the most important.

9. We must protect 濒危的) animals because they are our friends.

10. The girl received a (神秘的) phone call last night.

B).用动词的适当形式填空。(5分)

11. I don‘t know if he (come), I will tell you.

12. He (learn) two thousand English words by the end of last year.

13. When I saw her, she was busy (write) a letter.

14. Last night I (invite) to my teacher‘s home for dinner.

15. The workers are made (work) fourteen hours a day.

him. They of them worked for him for very long, because they were young, and they did not meet any boys in a ladies shop.

was Kate, and she was very good.

After a straight to Kate, spoke to her for a few and then went out of the shop.

Mr. Miller was very , he went to Kate and said, ―That young man didn‘t buyWhat did he want to do?

Kate answered, ―He wanted to see me.‖

V.根据汉语提示,完成下列句子。(10分)

1.他很聪明,知道如何赚更多的钱。

He is very clever and he knows how to ______________

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2.我不喜欢阴雨天, 因为它常常使我伤感。

I don‘t like rainy days because it often ____________.

3.学生应该学会如何学习,否则你会觉得压力太大。

Students should learn how to study or you will __________..

4.我把钥匙忘在家了。

I ____________ at home.

5.那天我起的很早以便能赶上早班火车。

That day I got up early __________ I could catch the early train.

Ⅵ. 补全对话。(计5分)

从方框内选择恰当的句子完成对话,使对话意思正确、完整。

A: Hey!

B: I‘m watching TV, but there are two advertisements there.

A: It is necessary to advertise for a new company.

B: . And the TV station also benefits from the advertisement.

A: By the way, what kinds of advertisement do you like?

B: , especially mobile phones.

A: Oh, really? Have you seen the LG cell phone advertisement by a Korean actress? And it says ―I Chocolate You‖.

B: Of course I have. And I have bought a new cell phone of that type.

A: It looks like the advertisement really affects you deeply.

Ⅶ. 书面表达。(计15分)

据报道,中学生的身体素质有所下降。这一情况已经引起全社会的关注和教育部门的高度重视,这是某中学关于青少年体育锻炼的宣传标语(slogan):EXERCISE ONE HOUR A DAY KEEPS ILLNESS AWAY! 请你根据下面的要点和要求,用英语写一篇短文(15分)。80词左右。要点:

1.锻炼身体的好处:strong,healthy, energetic,…

2. 锻炼身体的方式:ball games,running,swimming.

3.请你谈谈对学校开展体育锻炼的看法或建议。

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

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第十四讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:have been to,have gone to

重点难点:have been to,have gone to

Unit 14 Have you packed yet?

点击要点

重点:1. 现在完成时:

A. 结构:肯定:have/has++动词的过去分词;否定:have/has not+过去分词;

疑问句:have/has提前

B含义:表示过去发生的动作到现在已经完成或对现在造成影响,也可以表示过去发生的动作一直持续到现在,有可能持续下去,标志词:already, yet,since等

C 用法:1)表示过去发生的动作对现在产生的结果和影响。

① 表开始于过去的动作,刚刚结束,常与just, already,yet等连用。Eg: Ming has just turned off the light.刚刚把

灯关上。

② 表示过去发生的动作的结果现在仍然存在着,一般不和时间状语连用。

Eg: I have lost my pen.我把钢笔弄丢了(说明过去某时丢的,现在还没找到)She has become a teacher.她已经成为一名老师。(现

在还是)

2)表过去开始的动作持续到现在,甚至还可能继续下去,常和表示从过去某一时刻延续到现在(包括现在在内)的一段时间状语连用,通常由for或since来引导。Eg:I have lived here since 1989.(现在仍然住在这)

D. 区别:现在完成时强调这一动作与现在的联系,对现在产生的结果,影响等;一般过去时则只表示过去的事实,不表示和现在的关系,表示过去固定时间状语只能与一般过去时连用,而不能与现在完成时连用。

Eg:He has cleaned the room. Now the room is very cleam.

He cleaned the room an hour ago,but it‘s dirty now.

注:一般过去时的时间状语:yesterday,last week,a week ago, just now , on Friday, ,in the evening,the other day等

现在完成时的时间状语: since Monday, until now, for a long time, since last week, up to now, lately, recently等

2.already已经,用于肯定句;yet然而,还,用在一般疑问句和否定句句尾。

3. some day==someday有朝一日,来日,用于一般将来时;

Eg:We‘ll meet again some day. 后会有期

One day某一天, the other day==a few days ago几天前,不久前

another day 改天,再一天,近期将来某一天。

4.in在..之后,后面应加一段时间;after在…之后,后面为时间点。但after用于过去时,in 用于将来时,如果对in引导的短语进行提问,用 how soon.

5.get sth ready/prepared把…准备好prepare for为..准备prepare sb for 使某人为…做准备 take sth/sb for a walk 带某人或物去散步

6.any of….+cn 复数:….中的任何一个it‘s one‘s turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事

7.have been to 去过某地,已经回来 have gone to 去某地了,未回来 have been in 某人已经在某地停留一段时间,现在仍在那里,常与表一段时间状语连用。

8.be sure to do do sth一定务必做某事,be/feel sure of/about sth确信…对…有把握

9.in the last+一段时间,最近一段时间,依赖,与现在完成时连用。

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In the top ten 前十位,have concerts举办音乐会

10.hear from 收到…的来信 say goodbye/hello to sb与某人告别或打招呼

11.what else 其他的,别的,用于疑问代词,或不定代词之后

12. .deed on 靠..为生,以..为食,Eg: sheep feed on grass.

Feed…to 把…喂给..吃 feed…on 用…吃

Eg:Mary is feeding a monkey on/with bananas.

13.be the last(first)person to do sth 最后一个(第一个)做某事的人

14.打某人身体的某一部位hit sb in/on the + 身体部位。该部位较硬或突出用on,该部位较软或下凹用in

15.beat打,强调反复性地连续地打,如殴打或体罚,也可指在游戏中击败对方 strike指急速的突然地一次打击或敲击,侧重猛地重重一击,用拳头或器械均可。 hit 侧重于重重一击或对准…来打,着重敲击或打击对象中的某一点

16.take a bath 洗澡 give sb a bath 给某人洗澡be off==be away from离开

17.get back 取回,回来 get back to回答 light 的过去式及过去分词为 lit

18..turn on 打开 turn off关掉 turn up调高 turn down 调低turn to翻倒 turn over 使(东西)翻倒 turn in 上交 in turn 依次,轮流

19.so far==up to now到目前为止,用于现在完成时

20.in the southern在南方,in the south of 在…南部(范围之内)

to the south of 范围之外Eg:India is to the south of China.

21. thanks to 多亏了你的帮助,含有没有你的帮助不行的意思。

Thanks for只因你帮助了我表达感谢,其实有没有你的帮助无关紧要。

22. on purpose故意地 look forward to +n/pron expect +n/pron/to do sth

基础巩固

I. 用所给词的适当形式填空。

I . I have____ (feed) my cat, so it is full now.

2. He used his car _____ (most) for sightseeing.

3. He hasn‘t _____ (finish) ______ (read) Harry Potter yet.

4. We needn‘t go in such a hurry. We still have thirty minutes _______ (leave).

5. I need to ______ (clean) my cupboard. I never use the things in for hours.

II.根据首字母提示,补全单词,完成句子。

1. It sounds like you guys are o_____ your way.

2. They are going to a_____ on TV next month.

3. Be sure not to m______ the New Ocean Waves if they come to a city near you.

4. I like music, so I often go to a c________ with my family.

5. It is really a p_________ experience. I consider it a t______ point in my life.

III .请你来当翻译家.

根据汉语提示,完成下列句子。(横线处不限词数)

1. 你给花浇水了吗?

_________________________________________________?

2.我今天有许多琐事要做,所以不能和你一起去看电影了。

I have many chores __________ today. So I can not _____________ with you.

3.请点着火,该做晚饭了。

Please ___________________________. It is time _______________.

4.----- 李雷,你好!能和我一起去拜访马力吗?

----- 我很想去,但恐怕现在我得去遛狗。

----- Hi, Li Lei! Would you like to _________ Ma Li with me?

----- I‘d like to. But I have to _______________________________。

5. Mary 家住在乡村,她每天都要到井里汲水。

Mary _______________ a village. She ______________ from the well every day.

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6. 谁是你最喜欢的影星?

_______________________________________________________________?

7. 她是一个害羞的女孩,所以不敢在别人面前唱歌。

She is a shy girl, so she is afraid ______________________________________.

8. 他们迫不及待地站了起来。

_____________________________________________________.

9. 我渴了,我感觉想喝杯水。

I am thirsty. I feel like ____________________________________.

10. 瓶子里还有水吗?

______________________________________________________?

IV.试试你的判断力,选择正确答案。

1. Please go to the station to _______ when the train to Beijing starts to leave.

A. find for B. look for C. find out D. find

2. Mr. Green is rich. He ______ his dog ______ meat.

A. feed, on B. feeds, on C. give, to D. feeds, for

3. ________ have you been in China?

A. How long B. How often C. How soon D. How far

4. He does business in Shanghai. He ____________ Shanghai the day after tomorrow.

A. leaves for B. is leaving for C. left to D. is leaving to

5. He _______ carefully but he could not ________ his teacher clearly.

A. heard, listen B. listen, hear C. listened, hear D. heard, listened

6. He kissed his wife and then ______ goodbye ______ her when he left home.

A. say, to B. said, to C. spoke, to D. said, with

7. We need friends to ________, or we will feel ________.

A. chat, alone B. chat with, lonely C. speak, lonely D. talk with, alone

8. Mike is _______ honest man. I __________ him.

A. an, believe on B. a , believe in C. an, believe in D. the, believe

9. This story ______ tells us how Bill Gates becomes successful.

A. mostly B. mainly C. most D. Both A and B

10. Many students have never been to China before and _________ any Chinese.

A. could hardly say B. can hardly talk C. can hard speak D. can hardly speak

V. 读书破万卷

(A)试试你的判断力,选择正确答案。

Have you ever planted a few trees on Tree Planting Day? Each year, millions of people, both 1.______, plant a lot of trees. But this may not be the best way to make your home a 2._____ place.

Last week we visited a park in Hebei. We were 3._____ to find most of the trees had been burned. The workers told us that the trees

4._____ soon after they were planted because they weren‘t watered well enough. 5._____ workers burned them and cleaned the place for

6._____ trees to be planted this year. 7.______ a card found in one of the dead trees, a student wrote,‖ I hope this tree will grow up with me to 8.______ the backbone (栋梁) of our country.‖ The workers said that the survival(存活) of the trees was really more important than 9.______ trees were planted.

Some people in Beijing now have a new idea that they can donate (捐赠) some money and let professional (专业人士) plant and

10.______ the trees.

1. A. students and teachers B. old and young C. boys and girls D. mother and father

2. A. smaller B. colder C. warmer D. larger

3. A. pleased B. happy C. interesting D. surprised

4. A. died B. grew C. bought D. planted

5. A. Though B. When C. Because D. So

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6. A. few B. old C. new D. dead

7. A. Over B. From C. On D. About

8. A. need B. hold C. plant D. be

9. A. how many B. when C. how soon D. why

10. A. take out B. take down C. take up D. take care of

(B)阅读短文,根据短文内容,回答问题。

I‘m Joan Croft. I must have to say that I came into nursing by chance. I didn‘t really like my first job, which was office work. It was all right-but that‘s just about all you can say about it. I stayed in the same place with the same people around me all day and every day. Then I became a singer, which I enjoyed very much. But after a while the singing group broke up(解散) and I had to start looking for something else.

Some girls have wanted to be nursed ever since they were children, but it never entered my head until I saw an advertisement in a paper. I wrote in and thought,‖Oh,well,I will give it a try.‖ One thing I liked about it was going away from home.

The training itself is very interesting and most of it is just on the wards (病房), so that you very quickly begin nursing real patients. I lived in the nurses‘ home when I arrived and I had my own room, which was very nice.

I like nursing more than I ever thought I would. I‘ll always carry on nursing. I have got a boy friend, who is a doctor, so I hope to get married sometime, but wherever I live there‘s sure to be a hospital in the place and there is always a job for a nurse.

1. What was Joan‘s first job?

_______________________________________________.

2. Why didn‘t Joan like her first job?

__________________________________________________

3. Why didn‘t Joan go on with her second job?

___________________________________________________.

4. How did Joan find out the information about the nursing job?

____________________________________________________.

5. What was Joan‘s plan for the future?

____________________________________________________.

VI. 下笔如有神 书面表达

你在2004年暑假到一家饭店工作,你为饭店刷盘子,打扫卫生。每天工作7个小时,为期4周,赚了200元钱。这项工作辛苦而枯燥,使你感到很疲劳,但你从中体验到了钱来之不易。每想到新学期,你将用自己赚的钱买书,便感到非常的骄傲与自豪…… 要求: 1.语言通顺,流畅,语法正确; 2. 适当发挥,谈谈自己的感想; 3. 词数为 80 词左右。

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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第十五讲

温 故 知 新

1. 抽查上一单元重点短语、句子。

2. 讲解上周课后练习.

知识目标:while与when的用法;a most, the most与most的用法

重点难点:while与when的用法

Unit 15 We're trying to save the manatees.

点击要点

1.try to do sth==try one‘s best to do sth 尽力去做某事 try doing sth 试着做某事 try sth on 试穿have a try 试一试Eg:I tried helping her but she refused me.

2.英语中表示事物的长宽高深远重等的基本结构为: be+基数词+n+adj(long/wide/high/deep/away等) Eg: The bridge is 150 meters long.

针对其提问的结构为:How +adj+be+主语

3.it +is +v过去分词+that从句 :it 为形式主语, that后的句子为真正主语。

4.keep on doing sth继续不断做某事,keep+adj保持某种状态,keep…in doing sth 让…不断地做某事 keep…from doing sth 阻止或防止做某事

5.be against doing sth反对做某事 to one‘s surprise 使某人惊奇的是 be surprised to do sth 做某事感到吃惊 .be like 性格方面上的像

6.be suitable( for sb) to do sth适合于某事 be fit for 指自然情况适合于

7.living活着的,有生命的,表语,做定语时,放在名词前; Eg:I like living things

alive与dead相对,表语 如果做定语,放在名词后; This cat is alive.

live 节目,赛事等现场直播.

8.educate sb about sth教育某人做某事 take care of==look after 照顾

urge sb to do sth强烈要求某人做某事

9.else修饰不定代词或疑问词,放被修饰词之后other修饰名词,放被修饰词前

10.在否定句中,当列举成分为主语,又在否定词之前时,用and;

当列举成分在否定词后,用or. Eg:Don‘t use paper towels or napkins.

Lucy and Lily can‘t speak chinese.

11.be made of表示在制成品中看得见原材料 be made from看不见原材料 be made in 在…制造 be made up of 由…组成后面接组成部分

12.be an inspiration to sb对某人是一个鼓舞 in one‘s spare time在某人空闲时间里

13.out of用..材料,从..里出来,在..外,由于,缺乏 hear of==hear about听说 hear..from 收到…来信 pull down 推到,拆除

14.raise(vt)把某物抬起来,举起来,提高 raise money for sb/sth为某人或物筹款 rise (vi) 物品本身的上升,不及物动词,不可直接接宾语

15.clothes 表示衣服,只有复数形式,不能和数词连用 happen to do/be碰巧

16.情态动词的被动语态结构为:情态动词+be+v过去分词

17.英语中评价某人或物的句式: A.how..feel about…..

B.what do you think of/about ….. C.how do you like….

D.how do you find… E: what‘s your impression of….?

19.tiny特别小,small多指面积,体积等的小,

little指娇小可爱,小巧的,有感情色彩,表喜欢怜爱

基础巩固

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一、单选(15分)

( )1.Mrs Green said everything went well .

A. that B. this C. these D. those

( )2. Have you finished the book ?

A. read B. to read C. reading D. reads

( )3( ). They wanted to know with his nose .

A. What is wrong B. What wrong is C. happy D. more happy ( )4. Last Sunday, children played in the park.

A. happy B. happier C. happily D. more happy ( )5. They should keep in the reading---room.

A. quiet B. quietly C. quite D. quickly ( )6. It is important paper to save the trees.

A. recycle B. to recycle C. recycled D. recycling ( )7. I couldn‘t believe I saw.

A. who B. how C. what D. when

( )8. Their classroom every day.

A. was cleaned B. is cleaned C. is cleaning D. clean ( )9. This pair of socks is made nylon.

A. of B. by C. from D. in

( )10. When your hometown , you may watch TV.

A. is done B. are done C. have done D. will be done ( )11. ---Will it be fine this afternoon?

--- I think _____________.

A. it B. that C.so D. this

( )12. You look so tired, you‘d better ______________.

A. stops working B. stop to work C. stop working D. stops to work ( )13. Ann is my pen---friend. I always ___________ her.

A. hear B. receive C. hear from D. hear to ( )14. The stamp is used __________ letters.

A. for send B. to sending C. send D. hear to ( )15. That star __________ by a Chinese hundreds of years ago.

A. discovered B. invented C. was discovered D. was invented

二.完形填空(15分)

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Food is very important. Everyone needs to 1 well if he or she wants to have a strong body .Our minds also need a kind of food. This kind of food is 2 . We begin to get knowledge even when we are very young. Small children are 3 in everything around them. They learn 4 while they are watching and listening. when they are getting older , they begin to 5 story books , science books … anything they like . When they find something new, they love to ask questions and 6 to find out the answers.

What is the best 7 to get knowledge? If we learn 8 ourselves, we will get the most knowledge. If we are 9 getting answers from others and do not ask why, we will never learn well. When we study in the right way, we will learn more and understand 10 .

( )1. A. sleep B. read C. drink D. eat

( )2. A. start B. exercise C. knowledge D. meat

( )3. A. interested B. interesting C. weak D. better

( )4. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything

( )5. A. lend B. read C. learn D. write

( )6. A. try B. have C. think D. wait

( )7. A. place B. name C. way D. news

( )8. A. on B. with C. to D. by

( )9. A. often B. always C. usually D. sometimes

( )10 .A. harder B. much C. better D. well

三.阅读理解 (20分)

A

Fifty years ago, zoos were places where people could go to see animals from many parts of world. The animals lived in cages that were easy to keep clean. However, for the animals, the cages were small and impossible to hide in. Although the zoo keepers took good care of them, many of the animals did not feel comfortable, and they often become ill.

In modern zoos, people can see animals in more natural conditions.

The animals are given more freedom in larger places so that they can live as they could in nature .In an American zoo , visitors can walk through a huge special cage that is filled with trees , some small animals and may birds .Some zoos have special places for visitors to watch animals that live in the desert or under water . Some other zoos have special places for animals that live in cold conditions like the bear from Arctic.

Modern zoos not only show animals, but also keep and save rare animals, for the reason the grandchildren of today‘s visitors will still be able to enjoy watching these animals.

( )1. Fifty years ago, animals in zoos often became ill because they .

A. were from different countries B. lived in dirty cages

C. were not taken good care of D. lived in very poor conditions

( )2. in modern zoos, __________.

A. animals are kept separately B.animals are not so well taken care of

C. animals have more freedom than before D. visitors can walk through a through a large cage freely

( )3. In modern zoos, _________ feel more comfortable than in the old ones

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A. the keepers B. the visitors, not the animals

C. neither the animals nor the visitors D.the animals

( )4. In some modern zoos, visitors can see ____________...

A. all the animals closely B. their grandchildren C. animals that live in special conditions D. desert or underwater animals which have lived fifty years

( )5. The main idea of this passage is that zoos are now places where _______________.

A. animals can live more naturally B. people can see all kinds of animals

C. trees are planted D. rare animals are kept and well treated

B

Do you want to live a happier , less stressful (有压力的) life 、Try laughing for no reason at all . That‘s how thousands of people start their day at Laughter Clubs around the world ---and many doctors now think that having a good laugh might be one of the best ways to stay healthy.

The first Laughter Club was started in Mumbai , India , in 1995 by Dr Madam Kataria . ―

Young children laugh about 300 times away. Adults laugh between 7 and 15 times a day , ‖says Dr Kataria .?Everyone‘s naturally good at laughing ---it‘s the with their lives.‖ There are now more than 500 Laughter Clubs in India and over 1 300 worldwide.

Many doctors are also interested in the effects of laughter on our health .According to a 5-year study at the UCLA School of Medicine in California ,with laughing there is less stress in the body .Laughter improves our health against illness by about 40%

So, what happens at a Laughter Club? I went along to my nearest club in South London to find out. I was quite nervous at the beginning of the class, to be honest ---I wasn‘t interested in laughing with a group of strangers, and I was worried about looking stupid. Our laughter teacher told us to clap our hands and say?ho ho ho, ha ha ha,‖ while looking at each other .However,our bodies can‘ t tell the difference between fake laughter and real laughter , so they still produce the same healthy effects.

Surprisingly, it works! After ten minutes everybody in the room was laughter for real—and some people just couldn‘t stop! At the end of the class I was surprised by how relaxed and comfortable I felt. So if you‘re under stress, then start laughter .You might be very pleased with the results!

( )6. In which country was the first laughter Club started?

A. Britain B. America C. Australia D. India

( )7. How did the writer feel at the beginning of the class?

A. Surprised B. Pleased C. Nervous D. Stressful

( )8. When did the people in the club begin to laugh for real?

A. After a few minutes B. After a few hours

C. After a few seconds D. After a few days

( )9. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. Fake laughter and real laughter are both good for health.

B. 40% of the people in Laughter Clubs are good friends

C. Adults laugh more often than children in a day.

D. Laughing is the best way to prevent illness.

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( )10. From the passage , if you‘re under stress what you will do ?

A. go the open air B. talk to your best friends C.start laughing D. sing songs

四.任务型阅读(10分)

Wu Lei began to cry as soon as he saw his father. [A.] ―What‘s wrong with you, Wu Lei?‖ asked his father. ―Did you fail in the exam?‖

―No, I have made great program. But my teacher didn‘t believe me ,‖ said Wu Lei , ―He said that I copied my deskmate when we had the exam.‖

―Don‘t worry,‖ said his father. ―I‘ll go to your school at once.‖Then he went to school by bike .[B.]It took him five minutes to go the school.

―Hello, Mr. Li!‖ said Wu Ming,―May I ask you some questions?‖

―Please come to my office .And you can ask me any questions,‖ said Mr., the headteacher.

―Why did you think that Wu lei copied his deskmate?‖ asked Wu Ming, ―Maybe his deskmate copied him‖ .

―Now please look at the papers. There are ten questions on it ,‖Answered the teacher .?Wu Lei and his deskmate gave the same answers to the nine questions. Look at the last one .His deskmate wrote down: I can‘t do it. Your son wrote down: I can‘t do it , either. Look at the ―either‖ please.

1. Who was Wu Ming?

2. Who was Mr. Li?

3. Was Wu Lei‘s home far from the school

4. 将【A】句同义句转换

5. 将【B】句画线部分提问。

五.词汇(25分)

(一) 根据句意及首字母提示完成单词(10分)

1.The African elephants are very big . They are e .

2. Manatees are quiet and not dangerous. They are g and shy.

3. Kangaroo has short front legs and long strong back legs with big pockets. I think they are very p .

4.Some students are for the school rules , but some are a them .

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5.I don‘t think this coat is s for my son .

(二) 根据短文意思,用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空。(有两项是多余的)(15分)

have , building , each , look , first , they , in , enough , finish , but , much , at

Do you know the differences between the new buildings and the old ones ?

Old buildings 1 brick (砖) and stone walls . The walls hold up the 2 .

In cities , many modern buildings 3 as if they are made just of windows . Walls of dark glass reach high into the air . Many buildings are 4 than 50 stories (层) tall .

Are walls of glass strong 5 to hold up the new buildings ? No. The new glass walls do not hold up the buildings , 6 they only cover up the frame (框架) made of steel . Have you ever watched a new building going up ? The steel frame is built

7 . Then the glass walls are hung on the frame . When the building is 8

, the frame doesn‘t show . The outside looks like windows without walls . The glass walls shine 9 the sun with no decoration (装饰) . Many people find 10 beautiful just as they are .

1.______________ 2._____________ 3. ________ 4. 5.

6. _______ 7. __________ 8. ______ 9. 10.

六.书面表达(15分)

请在旅客登山队路途上, 为旅客写几条规定,以保护环境。

1.不要在林中用火(start fire ),以保护树木。

2.不要乱扔垃圾,离开时, 请把废纸、罐头(tin )盒等带走。

3.请保护河流清洁,这是村民的饮用水源。

4.请勿伤害鸟类和动物。

5.请勿挖掘和采摘花草。

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