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Unit 1 College Life

Unit 2 Interpersonal Skills Unit 3 Credit System Unit 4 Youth Lifestyle Unit 5

Unit 6

Unit 7

Unit 8

Unit 9

Unit 10

Food and Health Sports and Games Humor and Appreciation Love and Romance Leisure Activities Science and Fantasy

Unit 1 College Life (王进) Text A

Get the Most out of University Life

http://www.studentastic.co.uk/get-the-most-out-of-university-life.html

University is a crazy time in your life - full of possibilities, excitement and adventures. It can be really hard to harness all the potential opportunities that university life offers because it is also a time of uncertainty, home sickness and personal development.

It is worth remembering that getting a degree is often a very expensive business - what with tuition fees, student debt and no definite job at the end of it - so the importance of the social aspect of your next three years may be falling behind the practical elements of your experience.

Here are some ideas of how to maximise what you gain from your next three years at university

Don't Go Home too Early in Your First Term

In fact, try not to go home at all until Christmas is you can manage it. This is the term when everything changes the quickest and going home can make you feel so homesick that you don't put your all into your time.

Join at Least One Club or Society

There are so many to choose from that you can find out about at Freshers Week, so whatever your hobby there will be something to get involved with, whether it be drama, pot holing, religion or sailing. If you don't have a particular hobby already, now is the perfect time to try something new. Think about the type of people you would like to meet - like-minded thoughtful types or creative extroverts - and join something appropriate. This will help give structure to your extra -curricular activity, too.

Keep Alert in Lectures and Take Notes

Yes, this is what you're there for but it can be too easy to think that university is all about beer and parties. It will make sure you keep on top of your workload.

Think Carefully About Whom You Want to Flat Share With

If you have been in halls in your first year, you may be expected to find your own accommodation in your second and third years. The best housemates may not be your best friends. It is worth bearing in mind that you will need to pay bills, do housework and not cause a load of noise when it comes to getting an essay written.

Don't Blow All Your Money

It may sound boring, but actually having a budget and sticking to it will allow you to have more fun throughout the year, rather than just a crazy few weeks and then the rest of the term with baked beans and no booze.

Learn How to Cook a Few Basic Meals

Not only will it make you friends, but it may even help you with potential girlfriends! Ask your mum or grandma before you leave for university, or get a decent student or meals for one type recipe book. If you can master a few basics you can make a whole host of meals - for example, a good minced beef and tomato sauce can be used for spaghetti bolognaise, lasagne, cottage pie and shepherds pie. A roast chicken can make meals for a few days - curry, risotto or stir fry.

Don't Get in With the Wrong Crowd

If you start feeling like you're getting out of your depth with your new groups of friends, take subtle steps to break the bond. They may drink or be getting into drugs more than you are comfortable with or not taking their studies as seriously as you want to. Don't make a big deal of it and 'break up' with them, just get more involved with other friends, your club or society or go home for the weekend to break the habit of hanging out with them.

(617words)

Text B College is a major commitment financially, emotionally, and in terms of the amount of time you need to spend to be successful. Are you ready?

Is a college education right for you -- and right now? There are plenty of good economic

arguments for why a college education is a good idea. In fact, according to the New York Times, a typical college graduate will earn over twice as much money over their lifetime than a typical high school graduate.

However, this doesn't mean that everyone needs a college education, and it certainly doesn't mean that everyone needs a college education right out of high school. College is a huge commitment, and an expensive one, and if you're not ready, you might just be setting yourself up for failure.

If you're unsure whether you're ready to go to college, here are some good honest questions to ask yourself.

Are You Ready for College Academically?

One of the most difficult things college students need to learn is that In addition to more reading and more difficult

assignments, the most difficult part of the transition is the expectation that you're going to work independently. There's no more handholding in college; if you don't come to class or turn in an assignment, you lose out, and no one's going to hold your hand to help you make up the work. Moreover, incoming college students often are shocked by how much more work outside they're expected to do in college than in high school.

This means you need to be ready to do two things. First, you need to be prepared with the necessary academic skills to go to college. This includes reading, writing, listening, and math skills. If you're still in high school, talk to your guidance counselor to get an honest assessment of whether your skills are up to par. If they're not, find out what high school classes you need to take to improve. If you're out of high school, you might consider getting yourself a tutor. Of course, if your skills aren't strong enough for a four-year college, consider starting out at a community college and taking remedial classes.

Second, you need to be prepared to make the academic time commitment needed to be a

successful college student. To succeed, the hours you spend in class combined with the hours you spend doing homework should equal the hours you would spend at a full time job. Are you ready for this?

Are You Mature Enough to Go to College?

College comes with quite a bit of adult responsibility. Are you ready to deal with some of the typical stressors that college students face, such as:

?

?

?

?

?

? working independently in your classes without much help from professors? succeeding in college without much help from your parents? balancing a heavy course load with a social life and possibly a busy work schedule? dealing with the financial burdens that come with college? dealing responsibly with the temptations that come with college life, like alcohol and sex? dealing with lots of new people, like roommates, professors, and others?

If these sound challenging, you're not alone. Many incoming college students are overwhelmed with these things. But if this sounds like too much for you to handle, it's possible that you're not ready.

Are You Ready for College Financially?

This is a difficult question, and you might need some good advice to find out if you are indeed prepared for college financially. Talk to your high school guidance counselor or a college financial aid advisor about your specific situation.

The first thing you're going to need to figure out is how much college is going to cost. You'll need to figure in all expenses, including living expenses, commuting costs, books, travel expenses, and fees. The second thing you're going to need to figure out is how you're going to pay for everything. Again, talk to a guidance counselor or financial aid representative to find out about financial aid and scholarships.

So what if the numbers don't add up? This might mean that starting at a community college, or a school that wasn't your top pick, is the best option. Or, in some cases, it might be a good idea to go to school part time and work. However, find out what all of your financial aid options are, because you may very well have access to more money than you realize.

So are you ready for college? This isn't an easy question, but it's an important one. Think careful about whether you are prepared academically and financially, and whether you have the maturity to handle college. Sometimes, not going to college right away is the best option. (797words)

Resource

Leonhardt, D. (2011, June 25). Why college brings a huge return. The New York Times. Available at .

Unit 2 Interpersonal Skills张洪岩

Text A

The next time you are tempted to say something hurtful to someone just because you‘re angry, you might want to stop and remember this story: The Nails in Your Fence

The concept of thanksgiving is so important and the words we say can help. This inspiratinal

thanksgiving story of a little boy who has problems controlling his bad temper not only learnt how to control it but also learnt the meaning of friendship and how sometimes, the things we say actually hurt the people we love.

A boy and the nails on the fence

There once was a little boy who had a bad temper. His father was very concerned for his son‘s future and thought hard about how he could explain to his son why relationships are so important and controlling his temper is a key factor in this.

After much thought his father gave him a bag full of nails and told him, ―Every time you lose your temper, hammer a nail into the back of the fence.‖ His son did not understand but knew that his father was wise so he agreed.

On the first day that the boy received his bag of nails he ended up driving about 37 nails into the fence. Each day he learned little by little to control his temper. He discovered it was easier to hold his temper than to drive those nails into the fence.

Finally the day came when the boy didn‘t lose his temper at all.

He was very proud of himself and went to share his good news with his father. His Father was very proud of him and offered a challenge to his son. ―Why don‘t you pull out a nail everyday that you are able to hold your temper?‖

As there were many nails in the fence it took the boy sometime to finally remove the nails from the fence. But eventually that joyous day arrived. He was so pleased with himself and he wanted to share this with his father.

His father was so proud of his son, but he wanted him to understand that holding his temper was more than just being able to add or remove nails from a fence. He took his son‘s hand and

showed him all the holes that were left from the nails. ―As you see my son, this fence will never be the same, the fence is scarred with holes from your temper. Think of these holes as the words you have spoken in anger, the wounds you have left in people‘s lives. Words really are like weapons they leave a wound, that does not heal easily. Son, your family and friends will make you smile and encourage you to succeed, they will lend an ear, share words of praise and they always want to open their hearts to us. Always remember the fence before you speak words of anger.‖

(483 words)

Text B What to Do If You Hate Your Roommate

How to Approach Roommate Problems . . . Or Know When It's Time to Switch

By Kelci Lynn Lucier, About.com Guide

Frustrated with your roommate? Roommate conflicts are, unfortunately, part of many people's college experiences and can be incredibly . With a little patience and communication, though, it doesn't have to be the end of the roommate-relationship.

First Things First

If you think you're having roommate problems, there is one of two things going on: your roommate knows it, too. Things may be tense when the two of you are together in the room; conversely, your roommate may have no idea how frustrated you are at how often he finishes off your cereal after rugby practice.

In a space other than your room, sit and think about what is really frustrating you. Try writing down what is frustrating you the most. Is your roommate not respecting your space and/or things? Is she coming home late and making a lot of noise? Having too many people over too often? Something like "she doesn't respect my space and stuff, even though I've asked her to" might address the problem more and be easier for your roommate to handle.

How to Address It

Once you've figured out the main issues, try to talk to your roommate at a time that is good for both of you. It's a very good idea to try to set this time in advance. Ask if you can talk when you are both done with morning classes on Wednesday, on Saturday at 2:00, etc. Chances are, your roommate knows that you guys need to talk, so give him a few days to possibly put his thoughts together, too.

On the same note, however, if you don't feel comfortable talking to your roommate directly, that's okay, too. But you do need to address it. If you live on campus, talk to your RA (Resident Adviser) or other . They are trained to help residents with roommate problems and will know what to do, even if you don't.

Speak Your Mind . . . But Listen, Too

Using the list and notes you made let your roommate know how you are feeling. Try not to attack your roommate too much, no matter how frustrated you are. Try using language that won't make her defensive, too. For example, instead of saying, "I can't believe how selfish you are when it comes to my things," try saying, "It really frustrates me that you borrow my clothes without asking." The more you verbally attack your roommate (or anyone else, for that matter), the more her defenses are going to go up. Take a deep breath and say what you need to in a way that is constructive and respectful.

And try to listen to what your roommate has to say without getting interrupting. It may take you biting your cheeks, or sitting on your hands, but do your best. Your roommate may have some valid reasons behind what's going on and be frustrated, too. The only way is to put it out on the table, talk about it, and see what you can do. You're in college now; it's time to address this like the adult that you are.

After the Discussion

After you guys talk, give your roommate a little time to make the changes you discussed. Be patient, but also make it clear that you two came to an agreement and he needs to keep his end of the deal, too.

If things just aren't working out, it's not the end of the world. It doesn't mean you or your roommate did anything wrong. Some people just don't live well together! It may be that you both

are much better friends than roommates. Or that you will rarely talk to each other for the rest of your time at school. Any situation is fine, as long as you feel safe and ready to move on. (635 words)

Unit 3 Credit System张洪岩

Text A

http://registrar.berkeley.edu/gradeskey.html

Grade and Credit Code Definitions

Definition of Grades

The work of all students on the Berkeley campus is reported in terms of the following grades:

Plus and minus grading: Only the grades of A, B, C and D may be modified by a plus (+) or minus (-) suffix. The grade of A+, when awarded, represents extraordinary achievement but does not receive grade point credit beyond that received for the grade of A.

Definition of Transcript Credit Codes

There are various credit codes that may appear on your transcript. Please refer to the chart below in order to interpret them.

UC Berkeley Credit Code Definitions

Transcript code

Q1

Q2

RD

RF

RR

RZ

SF*

SJ

SU*

T1;T2;T3

Sequence course in progress Graduate courses only offered on Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis. I replaced with S or U for a graduate Graduate grading option Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory Replacement of original grade; no credit calculation Original NP, I, or NR; no credit calculation Original F grade; units attempted counted Original D grade; units attempted, units passed and grade points counted IP grade lapsed to I Interpretation I lapsed to F

TP

TS

TX

Sequence course in progress, Taken P/NP Sequence course in progress, taken SF Sequence course with variable terms, in progress

2T;3T;TT;PT;ST Final term of sequence course with total units and final grade

G+

G--

G1

G2

G5

GB

GE

GI

GO

GP

GT

J1 D+ grade repeated; additional grade points calculated D- grade repeated; additional grade points calculated D grade repeated; additional grade points calculated F grade repeated; units passed and grade points calculated No credit allowed; C- or better grade repeated 2nd repeat of an F without permission; only units passed calculated Units attempted and grade points calculated units passed not calculated I repeated without permission; units attempted, units passed, but no grade

points calculated NP grade repeated for a letter grade; units attempted, units passed, grade points calculated; incomplete grade repeated with permission P grade repeated; no credit allowed I (lapsed IP) grade repeated; units attempted, units passed grade points

calculated I replaced with letter grade

J5

JT

K1

N1

PN*

PI

PF*

PG

PJ I to be retained permanently by an undergraduate I replaced with a grade for final term of sequence course Credit by examination; see memoranda Grade corrected by Instructor Undergraduate grading option Passed/Not Passed I lapsed to NP Course only offered on Pass/Not Passed basis NP grade repeated; passed/not passed units calculated I replaced with a P or NP for an undergraduate

* PF, PN, SF, SU courses are included in Credits Completed, which are units toward degree, but not in units ATTM (attempted) or units PSSD (passed). Units ATTM (attempted) are all units taken for a letter grade. Units PSSD (passed) are all units taken for a letter grade and passed, with a

grade of D- or above.

(640 words)

Text B

http://www.news.cornell.edu/chronicle/97/4.10.97/Goldwater.html

Three students are Goldwater Scholars in science and math By Larry Bernard and Blaine P. Friedlander Jr.

Three Cornell undergraduates have been awarded prestigious Barry M. Goldwater Scholarships for science and mathematics.

The students are: Ilarion "Larry" Melnikov, a sophomore in the College of Arts and Sciences; Howard Moskowitz, a junior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences; and

MiroslavShverdinovsky, a junior in the College of Engineering.

The Goldwater Scholarship was established in 1986 in recognition of the long government service of Sen. Barry M. Goldwater and to foster and encourage excellence in science and mathematics. Up to 250 awards are made annually, each scholarship providing a maximum of $7,000 per year for tuition, fees, books and room and board. Sophomore applicants are eligible for two years of support; junior applicants are eligible for one year.

This is the second year in a row that Cornell has had three Goldwater Scholarship recipients. The university has had 10 since 1992, said Jacqueline Soltys, fellowships coordinator at the Cornell Career Center.

Eligible for the scholarships are current sophomores and juniors who have demonstrated

outstanding potential for and commitment to a career in mathematics, the natural sciences or some fields of engineering. The students' ultimate educational goal should be the Ph.D.; the competition is not appropriate for students intending to go to medical school or stop their education at the master's level, according to Soltys.

The process for applying for the scholarship lasts about four months. Faculty members -- usually faculty who are not familiar to the student -- critique the students' applications during the process. Melnikov, a dean's list student, studies physics in the College of Arts and

Sciences. He does research with EberhardBodenschatz, assistant professor of

physics, and David Egolf, research associate at the Cornell Theory Center, and

has presented his research on "Quantifying Spatiotemporal Chaos" to the

American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics.

Melnikov's current interest is in non-equilibrium pattern formation and

research on the physical models found in nature. "I find physics a very

beautiful science; it's like painting," he said. "Things are simple and they make sense."

While at the Evanston Township High School in Evanston, Ill., Melnikov was a computer system administrator and a member of the math club.

Shverdinovsky majors in applied and engineering physics in the College of

Engineering. He is a member of the Cornell Engineering Physics Society, the

Chess Club and the Math Club and is a member of Tau Beta Pi National Honor

Society.

Shverdinovsky came with his family to the United States 10 years ago from

Belarus. His father, a chemical engineer, and mother helped encourage his love

of science, he said, which was evident in high school. He credits them, as well

as his academic adviser at Cornell, John Silcox, the David E. Burr Professor of Engineering and

director of the Materials Science Center, with fostering his scientific prowess. He also gives credit to Hans Fleischmann, professor of applied and engineering physics.

Moskowitz, a junior from Great Neck, N.Y., became fascinated with science --

and more specifically biology -- long before he came to Cornell. "My interest

in science started very early," he said. "For an elementary school science

project, I worked on the genetics of fruit flies. The science of it just grabbed

me. That's why I applied to Cornell as a biology major," he said. In high school

he worked on a project that focused on recombinant DNA and on a

Westinghouse Science Talent Search project on heats of evaporation.

Moskowitz performs research in neurobiology and behavior and, following graduation next year, expects to pursue a combined M.D.-Ph.D program in neurobiology. And he hopes one day to have his own laboratory.

(598 words)

Unit 4 Youth Lifestyle王进

Text A

5 Reasons to Study in China

http://www.cucas.edu.cn/HomePage/content/content_126.shtml

In 2009, more than 240,000 students from over 180 countries came to China to study for both degree and non-degree programs. Here are five reasons to join them.

1. Travel and exploration

Studying in China is an excellent opportunity to explore the world's most populous country. You will experience China's unique blend of ancient and modern civilization, as well as its scenic beauty and bustling nightlife. Visit new places with other students from around the world that you'll meet, and you'll find yourself opening your eyes not just to China, but to the whole world.

The sheer size of China‘s territory means a tremendous variety of climates, cultures and landscapes await. Head northeast to Harbin to enjoy the ice festival, hit the ski slopes or just to see the water in your eyes form icicles around your eyelashes. If -25°C sounds a little too cold, then head south to the tropical beach paradise of Hainan Island and kick back in the sunshine.

Following rapid economic development over the last 30 years, Chinese cities now boast eye-catching works of modern architecture - from the towering skyscrapers of Shanghai to Beijing‘s Olympic Bird‘s Nest - in addition to impressive ancient structures like the Great Wall and the Forbidden City. China‘s 5000 years of history has bequeathed a seemingly endless amount of tourist attractions to visit, while natural wonders of breathtaking beauty are also scattered about the country. Perhaps less well known, but equally unmissable for international students, is China‘s unique nightlife made up of private karaoke rooms and extravagant mega-clubs.

Getting around in China is convenient and inexpensive thanks to a well-developed and modern transportation infrastructure. All cities are well-served by buses and taxis, and larger cities have modern subway systems. For long-distance travel, every city can be reached by airplane or train. China's high-speed railway reaches a maximum speed of over 300 km/h and provides beds as well as dining services.

2. It's Affordable

Studying and living in China is cheaper than studying and living in European countries, the U.S., Japan, South Korea and many other countries. For example, for non-EU citizens the tuition fee for studying at a UK university is at least 7000 pounds (about 10,000 U.S. dollars) annually. The cost of living can even reach up to 13,000 pounds. Meanwhile, the United States and Australia have the world's most expensive tuition fees.

Even in other parts of Asia studying is not cheap. Japan boasts high living expenses soaring up to 1800 dollars a month, while South Korea is one of the world's five most expensive countries for foreign residents.

On the other hand, in China, the tuition fees per semester are generally no more than 1000 U.S. dollars, a number of short-term language courses cost just a few hundred dollars. Food and consumption in China are as affordable as it gets. A good pair of jeans sells for 10-20 U.S. dollars, the bus fare only 15 cents, and a subway ticket in Beijing only 30 cents. All in all, everything is more than affordable in China; it's cheap! Find out more about .

3. Employment advantage

When it comes to economics, China has been the world's fastest growing country for the past 30 years. Even during the financial crisis, China's economic growth has maintained a level of 8%, a pace unthinkable in other countries. China's GDP recently surpassed Japan's to become the world's second largest economy after the United States. The world's top 500 companies all do business in China, with many choosing to base their Asia-Pacific headquarters in the bustling Chinese cities of Hong Kong, Shanghai and Beijing.

The current rise of China has made it very clear that people who can speak Chinese and have firsthand experience of living in China are going to have a great advantage in terms of employment. China serves as a huge market for multinational corporations, and employers are well aware that a real understanding of China, Chinese culture and Chinese people is a big plus for those who want to become the world's next generation of leaders.

4. Quality of education and international recognition

China is striving to build more world-class universities, and investing heavily in higher education. Aside from China's unique Chinese language, calligraphy, martial arts and other cultural subjects, Chinese degree programs in majors such as engineering, science, medicine, economics and trade, MBA as well as finance are highly revered. As for those who don't know any Chinese, many universities offer degree programs taught in English, so you can earn your degree while learning the most widely spoken language in the world.

The academic qualifications awarded by Chinese universities are recognized by most developed

countries. The Chinese government has signed an agreement on mutual recognition of academic qualifications with a number of countries including the United States, Britain, France, Japan and 65 other countries and regions.

5. Experiencing the Culture Firsthand

Though it may surprise many, Chinese culture and people are extremely diverse and multicultural, consisting of 56 different ethnicities. For example, in Lijiang, in the southern province of Yunnan, twelve different minorities have dwelled together in social harmony for thousands of years, practicing an array of religions spanning from Chinese Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, and Islam, to many lesser known ones like Tibetan Buddhism and Bimo Religion of Baiyi.

Compare that to completely different Inner Mongolia, where drinking Chinese rice wine is practically mandatory when entering the homes of locals, and whole lambs are eaten in one meal. You'll run into unique customs as you travel to different parts of China, but everyday life, believe it or not, will be just as new and fulfilling. Living and interacting with local Chinese and immersing yourself in Chinese society will provide you with a new way of visualizing the world and giving you the kind of insight that just doesn't come from textbooks.

(976 words)

Text B

https://www.chinabusinessreview.com/public/0407/smith.html China's Youth Define "Cool"

A new survey may help companies capture the hearts, minds, and wallets of Chinese youth

by Jeff Smith and Jean Wylie

Imagine a population roughly the size of the Netherlands', made up of a generation of only children. Add the words "newly rich," "fashion-savvy," and "young," and you have just described China's millions of university students. To tap into this lucrative market, companies must first discover what these students want and how they think.

A recent survey conducted by Hill & Knowlton (China) Public Relations Co. Ltd., in conjunction with Seventeen magazine (China) and Sinomonitor International, set out to uncover students' dreams and aspirations, their role models and preferences, and their definition of "cool." The April 2004 "China Cool Hunt" survey polled 1,200 18- to 22-year-old students from 64 universities in Beijing and Shanghai about the who, what, and why of cool. Half of those surveyed were from Beijing and half from Shanghai; the gender split was also 50-50. The surveyed students majored in 97 different subjects—though English was the most common—and came from 229 cities in 27 provinces.

Student traits, beliefs, and role models

The China Cool Hunt survey found some expected, but also unexpected, views among students. When asked to describe their personality traits, survey participants defined themselves as honest, friendly, and easy-going. Yet Chinese students also displayed a remarkable independent streak—26 percent defined themselves as individualistic and 76 percent described themselves as entrepreneurial. These students also know what they want—including independence within the workplace. Almost two-thirds agreed that, "Sooner or later it would be better to work for myself than be employed by a company."

China's university students are optimistic, full of confidence in themselves and their judgment, and believe they can achieve their goals. Seventy-two percent of the survey participants—young men and women scored nearly the same—are optimistic about their future. Just over half of the students surveyed agreed with the statement, "I usually manage to get what I want." And according to the survey results, students also do not seek guidance—they are happy to make their own decisions and follow their own ideas.

Along these lines, the survey queried students on their role models. More than one-third of respondents report that their parents—not celebrities, businesspeople, or government leaders—are their role models. This is especially true for young women, of whom 41 percent considered their parents as role models, compared to 28 percent of young men. But like young people everywhere, Chinese students do not always listen to their parents. About 83 percent of those surveyed agreed, "It's better to follow my own ideas than to do exactly what my parents want me to do." A mere 5 percent disagreed.

When students were polled on dating, the survey found that nearly 70 percent of those surveyed dated during high school or college. This marks quite a change from only a few decades ago, when Chinese society frowned on dating, and even picking one's own mate was uncommon. At the same time, a full two-thirds reported that they would not allow a relationship to compromise their studies.

"Cool" defined

In an unprompted and open-ended question on what brands students view as cool, the Nike brand was the clear winner, making 30 percent of students' lists.

Yet a closer look at the students' lists of the top 10 global brands reveals that no single industry dominates—not fashion, sports, or technology. The list covers two athletic companies, Nike and Adidas; four technology firms—Microsoft, Samsung, Nokia, and IBM; and two fashion clothing and accessory brands, Christian Dior and Only (a subsidiary of Bestseller A/S). Just two Asian brands, Samsung and Sony, made the list.

Because so many of the chosen brand names were not consumer products, we wondered what Nike, Microsoft, and Nokia had in common with BMW, Coca-Cola, and IBM, which all ranked among the coolest brands in the world on the students' lists (see p.34). To find out, we asked the students, "In one sentence please describe what you mean by 'cool'." Just under half of male and female respondents in both Beijing and Shanghai indicated that individuality and innovation make a company cool. As might be expected by students' descriptions of themselves as individualistic, they recognize, and bond with, brands that are unique and that show an individual style. Students seek products that help them stand apart from the crowd.

The survey results revealed a few surprises about how students perceive Chinese brands. Fifty-one percent of respondents stated that China does not have any cool brands. Thus, for many

respondents, Chinese companies do not even register on the global scale of cool. If the perceptions of the surveyed students are any gauge, "China Inc." has far to go to develop a cool image, regardless of its impressive business success.

Though Chinese brands may not be cool on a global scale, they are not completely out of the running. When asked specifically about cool Chinese brands, Haier topped the list. Who would have thought that a white goods manufacturer would be the trendsetter for a whole new generation of Chinese students? The presence of computer-maker Lenovo (formerly Legend) and sports gear maker Li Ning on students' lists is perhaps less of a surprise. But there is a strong point to make here: Haier, Lenovo, and Li Ning all have dynamic and inspirational leaders—and have received loads of good publicity.

Interestingly, fashion items (in the Western sense) did not score particularly high in the cool stakes—only Christian Dior and Only made the top 10. When students were asked to name their top three favorite fashion brands, Nike was the clear leader but three technology companies—Sony, Nokia, and Samsung—also made the list. Li Ning was again the only Chinese brand. The results demonstrate that a company does not have to be a fashion brand per se to be perceived as one. In China, fashion is about lifestyle, so any product has the ability to become a fashion brand.

Though foreign brands scored near the top in many survey categories, music is one area where they fell short. Asian, not Western, musicians are viewed as cool by this generation. No international pop stars were among students' top 10 favorites. China's Wang Fei was the most popular singer, with 17 percent of the votes. Though language may play a factor in music selection, culturally, Chinese pop music is preferred to Western.

Spending power

But the million-dollar question is: Do students have money to burn, or at least to spend? The answer is a resounding yes.

More than 60 percent of the students interviewed spend more than ¥500 ($60.38) per month—a huge sum considering that in 2002, Beijing's per capita annual income was ¥13,252 ($1,600) and Shanghai's was ¥14,396 ($1,739). Ten percent of these students spend more than ¥1,000 ($121) a month. Female students in Beijing and Shanghai have similar disposable income levels—roughly ¥300 ($36.23) per month. But there are some exceptions. While more than three-quarters of the male students polled in Shanghai have more than ¥500 to spend per month, less than half of male students polled in Beijing have more than ¥500 to spend each month.

Students were also polled about how they would spend their money if they became successful entrepreneurs. When respondents were asked which brand of car they would buy if they earned ¥1 million ($120,773) per year, respondents mentioned 75 brands and models. Initially it seemed that German cars made a clean sweep—31 percent of university students would buy a BMW, followed by a Mercedes-Benz, and then a Volkswagen. But on closer examination a more complicated trend emerged: Students chose a range of cars that were either backed by companies with strong corporate reputations or that possess a distinct style, such as Ferrari.

Translating cool into profits

Today's students perceive brands and companies in a similar way. Brand names and corporate reputation overlap. Common themes that the top-rated global cool brand Nike and the top-rated Chinese cool brand Haier share are individualism and inspiration. Nike symbolizes empowerment because it encourages individuals to believe in themselves and that they can "just do it," while

Haier's CEO is a charismatic, inspiring figure who leads by example and stands out from the crowd. Possessing a unique product may give students a sense of empowerment. So for companies to build strong consumer brands in China, and to reach China's youth, they must also build strong corporate reputations. Corporations seeking to succeed with this group of Chinese consumers, then, must work to embody and project an image of individualism, entrepreneurship, and empowerment.

(1,438 words)

Unit 5 Food and Health陈潇

Text A

Food in China

As you may have noticed from eating Chinese food in North American restaurants, each region of China has its own type of food. Szechuan is hot and spicy; Beijing cooking is done with a lot of meat and vegetables (including the most famous Chinese dish of all, Peking Duck); Cantonese traditions include dim sum and delicacies like shark's fin soup; Shanghai cuisine is prepared with plenty of seafood and oil.

All over China you will see the remains of people's lunches in the form of white styrofoam boxes. You'll be fighting a losing battle if you try to save the environment in China by resisting the boxed lunch. Often on trains and boats this will be the only food you can get, and sometimes it's not all that bad! If you really want to do your bit to save the Earth, try bringing along your own bowl, which is what many Chinese do (this means someone else gets to use your styrofoam box).

The Chinese have long been famous for their tea-if you're a tea drinker, you won't be disappointed. Coffee addicts should bring their own. And don't expect to see fortune cookies at the end of your meal; they don't exist in China because they are uniquely American.

Everywhere you look, you'll most likely see the ubiquitous coffee jar now converted into a tea thermos. Fill the jar with tea leaves, pour in boiling water, and let it steep. It's not a bad idea to get your own coffee jar for traveling in China, and you'll find that it's also useful for instant noodles. Drinks

Soft drinks abound in China, both foreign brands and local. You can also buy bottled water everywhere, as well as bizarre-looking cans of Chinese stuff with suspect-looking, gelatinous things floating inside. Some of these are not so bad, so be brave.

Other than tea, soft drinks, or bottled water, beer is your best bet. Chinese beer is generally quite good, Qingdao being the best-known brand, and almost every town has its own brew which varies from watery-but-incredibly-cheap to not-bad-and-incredibly- cheap. Beware of Chinese "wine" which is actually powerful grain alcohol.

Popular Dishes

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? Jiaozi. Dumplings. These are popular all over China, and come fried, steamed or boiled, and are stuffed with just about everything. Traditionally, families make and eat jiaozi for the Chinese New Year or Spring Festival. Making jiaozi is a social event with a group of people stuffing the dumplings together, the idea being that many hands make light work, and the result is all the tastier for your having participated in the preparation! You can order a plate of jiaozi in a restaurant, or you'll find them served in little snack food joints, often in soup (jiaozi tang). Baozi. Steamed buns stuffed with a variety of fillings. These are great snacks that you'll find all over China in various different sizes and varieties. In the Muslim areas, in the southwest or northwest, baozi are stuffed with pork; in Sichuan, they can be spicy and dipped in hot sauce; around the Shanghai area, you'll find vegetarian baozi filled with spinach and tofu. Chaomian. Fried noodles. For breakfast, lunch, or dinner, chaomian hits the spot. Sometimes they're served plain, or often they are stir-fried with a few vegetables or some meat. Chaofen. Fried rice. Most people eat mi fan, just plain white rice, and they eat more of it and more often than you will have ever thought possible. Notice how in different parts of China, people eat their rice differently-in small clay bowls in Hunan, on plates in the north, and it's serve yourself out of a big pot in Sichuan. Zhou. A common breakfast food, we might call it rice porridge. This is common in the southeast, where you can get your zhou with pork, chicken, beef, or with pieces of thousand-year-old egg. (642words)

Text B | 7 August 2012

Sleep: Are you a lark or an owl?

Claudia Hammond

About the author

Claudia is a writer, broadcaster and lecturer in psychology. She presents on BBC World Service every Wednesday and her new book is titled Time Warped:

Unlocking the Mysteries of Time Perception.

People are divided into those who can bounce out of bed each morning and those who need several hours to wake up. But as Claudia Hammond discovers this doesn’t tell the full story.

The myth of the eight-hour sleep

We often worry about lying awake in the middle of the night - but it could be good for you. A growing body of evidence from both science and history suggests that the eight-hour sleep may be unnatural.

I have hated getting up early all my life. My dad used to have to pull me out of bed by my feet to make sure I got to school on time. The moment the alarm goes off in the morning I feel sick and it‘s hard to stomach any food until mid-morning.

Nights, though, are a different story; I‘ll happily stay in the studio until the small hours

interviewing people in timezones on the other side of the world. I‘ll do anything to escape an early start.

This makes me an owl, but I know plenty of larks who insist that dawn is the best part of the day. While I stumble into work bleary-eyed they have been up for hours and even seem cheerful about it. By the evening the roles are reversed and while the larks are flagging and even nodding off at the dinner table, the owls like me are happy to stay up chatting. This is where we come into our own.

But it is a myth to say that society is neatly divided into lark and owls.

Questionnaires that explore what time of day people prefer to do activities (what scientists call diurnal preference), such as jogging or have business meetings, reveal that only 20% of adults are true larks or owls. That leaves 80% of us – half of which lean towards one direction or the other,

That‘s little consolation for those owls around the world who have to exist in a society organized around the larks. Schools and work often start very early, and there‘s a sense of virtuosity in

getting up early, while the owls are simply lazy. One early riser admitted to me that if he is staying in a house full of people he loves to be the first one up so he can relish the feeling that everyone is lazy.

But are owls really slovenly? Some work into the night burning the midnight oil, but no one suggests that the larks are lazy for having an early night while owls are working.

Fortunately science is on my side. I‘m not sleeping my life away or missing the best part of the day. I‘m behaving according to my genes. Researchers at Surrey University in the UK have found Powerful pulls

These variations, or ―chronotypes‖ as they are known, have an impact on various aspects of our physiology.

Larks have the highest body temperature in the middle of the afternoon while for owls the peak comes several hours later. First thing in the morning the lucky larks experience a massive spike in shock of moving from sleep to wakefulness. The unfortunate evening types have to wait until later for the same chemical boost.

So it seems that when I try to get up early I am fighting my genetics. Which leads to the obvious question of whether I could train myself out of it.

Sadly this is a myth too. With the help of an alarm clock you can of course force yourself to get up early, just as shift workers can force themselves to stay awake all night. But as soon as you fail to set the alarm your genes will return you to your old ways.

Evening-types with small children have no option but to fight their body clock and get up early, but their bodies will still revert the moment they have the chance to. The pull of your genes is powerful – owls won‘t be skipping around the park at dawn.

In theory, drugs could be developed to intervene at a molecular level. The problem is that they would need to be taken permanently to avoid reversion to chronotype.

There is just one hope for the owls and that is to age – a solution that is, after all, inevitable. As people get older their patterns tend to shift slightly towards mornings. For me that‘s to come, but until then, at least I can enjoy the nightlife.

(767 words)

Unit 6 Sports and Games陈潇 Ye hits out at U.S. coach Leonard

Xinhua, August 3, 2012

? Chinese swimmer said on Thursday that American swimming coach John

Leonard, who kept accusing her of doping, was unprofessional.

"The coach was not professional," said Ye, who broke the women's 400m medley world record to win an Olympic gold last Saturday and won the 200m medley title on Tuesday. Ye's good results aroused questions about whether or not she had doped to achieve success.

Leonard, head of the American Swimming Coaches Association, described Ye's freestyle time of 58.68 seconds for the last 100 meters in her 400m individual medley victory as "unbelievable" and raised suspicions about the authenticity of her swims.

The Chinese swimmer, who set a world record of 4:28.43 in the 400m medley, swam a faster last-50 meters than men's 400m medley winner Ryan Lochte from the United States.

"It doesn't add up," said Leonard. "She swam three competitive splits in pine wire what women are doing right now and then she unleashed an historic anomaly. There's something not quite right there."

Ye said that she was no match with Lochte. "How can I be compared with Lochte," she said. "His 400m result was more than 20 seconds faster than mine, and he was totally relaxed over the last part of the race. But I was trying my best to come back from behind."

"Freestyle was my favorite in the medley, but I still cannot be compared with professional men's freestylers," she added.

Ye broke the Olympic record to win the 200m medley Tuesday. Leonard said her last 50m time - 29.32 seconds - was far behind what she did in 400m medley, and hinted that Ye intentionally slowed down to avoid suspicions.

"Freestyle turn is different from breaststroke-to-freestyle transition and the former is much faster than the latter," Ye said. "So it's normal the last 50m in the 200m medley is slower than that in the 400m medley."

Ye has been among the world top women's medley swimmers since 2010. She won the 200m medley at the 2011 world championships in Shanghai after a strong sprint in the last 50m free, which timed 29.77 seconds.

Ye and her teammate Li Xuanxu, bronze medalist in the 400m medley at London Olympics, are the only two female swimmers able to swim within 30 seconds in the last 50m of both the 200m and 400m medley.

According to FINA, the American Swimming Coaches Association is an unofficial association, and is outside FINA and USA Swimming Association. FINA had made a statement Wednesday to support Ye and said there was no factual basis to support this kind of insinuations related to the performances of Ye.

"If a foreign swimmer achieved this result, they may say it is a miracle," said the 16-year-old Ye. "I won't be affected by any accusations."

Ye's competition at the London Games came to an end after the women's 4X200m freestyle relay Wednesday, and what she wants most is not celebration but a good sleep. "Because of doping tests and press conferences, I went back to my room very late these

days," she said. "I am very sleepy. As the competition is over, I can finally have a good sleep."

(526 words)

Text B

Official Emblem of the 16th Asian Games

2010-April-1 Source: Newsgd.com

The Official Emblem of the 16th Asian Games, Guangzhou 2010

The concept: The design of the Games emblem is derived from a legend about the City of

Guangzhou: As the legend goes, a long time ago, the farm lands in Guangzhou ran dry, food could not be grown and the people experienced a famine. They could do nothing but pray to the heavens for luck. Moved by their piety, Five Immortals descended from the sky, riding on goats with coats of different colors, each holding rice ears in its mouth. The Immortals gave the rice ears to the people and declared that the land would be free from famine.

Afterwards, they disappeared into the sky. The five goats that were left behind turn into stone. From that time on, Guangzhou reaped a bumper harvest of grain every year and grew into one of the most prosperous cities in China.

For this reason Guangzhou is also known as the City of Goats or the City of Rice Ears.

The Statue of the Five Goats in Guangzhou's Yue Xiu Park is a reminder of this legend and has, over the years, become the symbol of the city and one of its most well known landmarks.

Stone Statue of Five Goats in Yuexiu Hill in Guangzhou, a symbol of the host city of the 16th Asian Games and original element of the official emblem design.

In traditional Chinese culture, the "goat" is an auspicious animal that brings luck and in the language of ancient China, the character "羊" (yang or goat) is identical to the character "祥"

(xiang, meaning luck). The character "美" (mei, beauty) is composed of the characters "羊" (yang, goat) and "大" (da, big), in keeping with the traditional Chinese belief that a ―big goat" is beautiful.

In the Chinese language, many words and characters associated with the meaning of beauty are often related to the character "羊" (yang, goat).

The beloved goat is embodied in the emblem design, representing Guangzhou its people and their readiness to embrace the 2010 Asian Games and present the best of the city to people across Asia and the world

The soft and uplifting lines in the emblem design outlines a contour of the Five Goats that is

identical to the shape of a torch. The design of the emblem, a combination of the concrete and the abstract, of grace and ease, manifests the ever-burning sacred flame of the Asian Games. The emblem represents a perfect symbol of Guangzhou, the best wishes of its people, and the dynamics of the Asian Games.

About the Emblem: The soft and vibrant contours of the emblem symbolize the running lanes of an athletics track, the sacred, forever burning flames of an Asian Games Torch and finally, the silhouette of the Statue of the Five Goats. The design, a combination of the concrete and the abstract, of grace and finesse, therefore cleverly combines elements of Guangzhou and the Asian Games at the same time. The Emblem perfectly represents Guangzhou, the sports aspirations of its people and the dynamism of the Asian Games.

(516words)

Unit 7 Humor and Appreciation陈曦

Text A

English Humour vs. American Humor – Is There a Difference? Humor is a phenomenon which is influenced by culture. It can be difficult to determine what

aspects define a certain sense of humour. A nation‘s wit is linked to the historical development of the country. How funny somebody finds a certain incident depends on many factors including age, personal experience, level of education and geographical location. Therefore humour is something which is not always transferrable in another country. What somebody from one area may find hilarious may not be amusing at all to somebody from another location. Whether or not someone gets a joke is determined by their interpretation, filtered by the cultural context.

What about when both countries speak the same mother tongue? Does that mean that they will then share the same sense of humour, or can differences still occur? Let‘s take the example of Britain and America. Time and time again, people say that Brits and Americans don‘t ?get‘ each other‘s sense of humour. To what extent is this true, if at all?

It is often argued that one of the most common differences between the British and American sense of humour is that Americans don‘t understand irony. Simon Pegg explores this topic in depth in his article He concludes that this statement isn‘t true and I am inclined to agree with him.

One of the major differences seems to be how often both nations use irony. Brits use irony on a daily basis, whereas it is not the foundation of American humour. I think Americans understand British irony (most of the time anyway!), what they don‘t understand is the need to use it so frequently. When Americans use irony they tend to state that they were ―only kidding‖. They feel the need to make a joke more obvious than Brits do, maybe this stems from a fear of offending people.

The American sense of humour is generally more slapstick than that in Britain. I think this arises from a cultural difference between the two. Their jokes are more obvious and forward, a bit like Americans themselves. British jokes, on the other hand, tend to be more subtle but with a dark or sarcastic undertone. There is usually a hidden meaning. This may stem from the fact that British culture is more reserved than American culture.

Certain American comedies have gained huge success in Britain and vice versa. Therefore, although there are differences between both comic styles, there is still an appreciation and understanding of the other sense of humour. Both the British and America versions of the comedy The Office are hugely successful on both sides of the Atlantic. Both shows have their own cultural differences, yet they portray a lifestyle which both Americans and Brits alike can relate to.

Although both nations have subtle differences in their wit, they can both appreciate the other‘s sense of humour. For some great insight into differences between American and British English check out , which served as inspiration for this article. (502 words)

Text B

From

Some humorous cross-cultural advertising gaffes

Many of you may have heard of these infamous errors made by multinational corporations when translating brands or slogans abroad. Language, of course, is only

one of many cultural barriers you may have to bridge with your partner organization. We hope this list will entertain you while giving important insight on the potential pitfalls of cross culture communication and serving as a reminder of the importance of a good sense of humor! American and Canadian groups may need to explain to their international partners some of the finer meanings of certain words used below.

v When Kentucky Fried Chicken entered the Chinese market, to their horror they discovered that their slogan "finger lickin' good" came out as "eat your fingers off" v Chinese translation also proved difficult for Coke, which took two tries to get it right. They first tried Ke-kou-ke-la because when pronounced it sounded roughly like Coca-Cola. It wasn't until after thousands of signs had been printed that they discovered that the phrase means "bite the wax tadpole" or "female horse stuffed with wax", depending on the dialect. Second time around things worked out much better. After researching 40,000 Chinese characters, Coke came up with "ko-kou-ko-le" which translates roughly to the much more appropriate "happiness in the mouth".

v Things weren't much easier for Coke's arch-rival Pepsi. When they entered the Chinese market a few years ago, the translation of their slogan "Pepsi Brings you Back to Life" was a little more literal than they intended. In Chinese, the slogan meant, "Pepsi Brings Your Ancestors Back from the Grave".

v But it's not just in Asian markets that soft drinks makers have problems. In Italy, a campaign for "Schweppes Tonic Water" translated the name into the much less thirst quenching "Schweppes Toilet Water".

v General Motors had a perplexing problem when they introduced the Chevy Nova in South America. Despite their best efforts, they weren't selling many cars. They finally realized that in Spanish, "nova" means "it won't go". Sales improved dramatically after the car was renamed the "Caribe."

v When Braniff translated a slogan touting its upholstery, "Fly in Leather," it came out in Spanish as "Fly Naked."

v The Dairy Association's huge success with the campaign "Got Milk?" prompted them to expand advertising to Mexico. It was soon brought to their attention the Spanish translation read "Are you lactating?"

v Scandinavian vacuum manufacturer Electrolux used the following in an American campaign: "Nothing sucks like an Electrolux"

v Clairol introduced the "Mist Stick," a curling iron, into Germany only to find out that "mist" is slang for manure.

v An American T-shirt maker in Miami printed shirts for the Spanish market which promoted the Pope's visit Instead of "I Saw the Pope" (el Papa), the shirts read "I Saw the Potato" (la papa)

(466 words)

Unit 8 Love and Romance王琼

Text A

The happy marriage

http://bbs.fobshanghai.com/viewthread.php?tid=2692792&page=114#pid52494761

[ 本帖最后由 grace200705 于 2011-8-23 11:15 编辑 ]

A man and his girlfriend were married. It was a large celebration.

All of their friends and family came to see the lovely ceremony and to partake of the festivities and celebrations. All had a wonderful time.

The bride was gorgeous in her white wedding gown and the groom was very dashing in his black tuxedo. Everyone could tell that the love they had for each other was true.

A few months later, the wife came to the husband with a proposal, "I read in a magazine, a while ago, about how we can strengthen our marriage," she offered. "Each of us will write a list of the things that we find a bit annoying with the other person. Then, we can talk about how we can fix them together and make our lives happier together."

The husband agreed. So each of them went to a separate room in the house and thought of the things that annoyed them about the other. They thought about this question for the rest of the day and wrote down what they came up with.

The next morning, at the breakfast table, they decided that they would go over their lists.

"I'll start," offered the wife. She took out her list. It had many items on it, enough to fill 3 pages. In fact, as she started reading the list of the little annoyances, she noticed that tears were starting to appear in her husband's eyes.

―"What's wrong?" she asked. "Nothing," the husband replied, "keep reading your list."

The wife continued to read until she had read all three pages to her husband. She neatly placed her list on the table and folded her hands over the top of it.

"Now, you read your list and then we'll talk about the things on both of our lists," she said happily.

Quietly the husband stated, "I don't have anything on my list. I think that you are perfect the way that you are. I don't want you to change anything for me. You are lovely and wonderful and I wouldn't want to try and change anything about you."

The wife, touched by his honesty and the depth of his love for her and his acceptance of her, turned her head and wept.

In life, there are enough times when we are disappointed, depressed and annoyed. We don't really have to go looking for them. We have a wonderful world that is full of beauty, light and promise. Why waste time in this world looking for the bad, disappointing or annoying when we can look around us, and see the wondrous things before us?

(438words)

Text B

A promise kept

http://bbs.fobshanghai.com/viewthread.php?tid=2692792&page=114#pid52494761

I always believed that my parents had a good marriage, but just before I, the youngest of four children, turned sixteen, my belief was sorely tested. My father, who used to share in the chores around the house, gradually started becoming despondent. From the time he came home from his job at the factory to the time he went to bed, he hardly spoke a word to my mom or us kids. The strain on my mom and dad‘s relationship was very evident. However, I was not prepared for the day that Mom sat my siblings and me down and told us that Dad had decided to leave. All that I could think of was that I was going to become a product of a divorced family. It was something I never thought possible, and it grieved me greatly. I kept telling myself that it wasn‘t going to happen, and I went totally numb when I knew my dad was really leaving. The night before he left, I stayed up in my room for a long time. I prayed and I cried and I wrote a long letter to my dad. I told him how much I loved him and how much I would miss him. I told him that I was praying for him and wanted him to know that, no matter what, Jesus and I loved him. I told him that I would always and forever be his Krissie...his Noodles. As I folded my note, I stuck in a picture of me with a saying I had always heard: ―Anyone can be a father, but it takes someone special to be a daddy.‖

Early the next morning, as my dad left our house, I sneaked out to the car and slipped my letter into one of his bags.

Two weeks went by with hardly a word from my father. Then, one afternoon, I came home from school to find my mom sitting at the dining room table waiting to talk to me. I could see in her eyes that she had been crying. She told me that Dad had been there and that they had talked for a long time. They decided that there were things that the both of them could and would change and that their marriage was worth saving. Mom then turned her focus to my eyes.

―Kristi, Dad told me that you wrote him a letter. Can I ask what you wrote to him?‖

I found it hard to share with my mom what I had written from my heart to my dad. I mumbled a few words and shrugged. Mom then told me that Dad cried after he read my letter. He called to ask if he could come over to talk.

A few days later my dad was back, this time to stay. We never talked about the letter, my dad and I. I guess I always figured that it was something that was a secret between us.

My parents went on to be married a total of thirty six years before my dad‘s early death at the age of fifty three. In the last sixteen years of their marriage, their love had grown stronger every day, and my heart swelled with pride as I saw them grow closer together.

When Mom and Dad received the news from the doctor that his heart was deteriorating rapidly, they took it hand in hand, side by side, all the way.

After Dad‘s death, we discovered the letter and the picture that I had given my Dad as we went through his things. It was then that I knew the impact of my letter that day so long ago. My unsentimental dad, who never let his emotions get the best of him; my dad, who almost never outwardly showed his love for me, had kept the one thing that meant so much to him and me. I sat down and the tears began to flow, tears that I thought had dried up from the grief of his death. Mom told me that Dad kept both the picture and that letter his whole life. I have a box in my home that I call the ―Dad box‖. In it are so many things that remind me of my dad. I pull that picture out every once in a while and remember. I remember the unspoken promise that was made between a father and his daughter. (742 words)

Unit 9 Leisure Activities陈曦

Text A

http://www.articlesfactory.com/articles/hobbies/why-having-a-hobby-is-so-important.html Why having a hobby is so important? “I have no time for hobby” statement is all too often ruling our lives. We are unwilling to break the said routine thinking that a hobby will only consume our valuable time giving nothing in return. How wrong we are! As if we all forgot how it was when we had a passion. And how much joy, pleasure, energy and positive feelings it brought us. We tend to underestimate the power of hobby in improving our well-being and quality of life.

Hobbies simply make us feel good. We pursue some passion out of interest. It gives us a great satisfaction, sense of achievement, and fosters positive emotions. If you work all day long, pastime helps escape from everyday monotony and muddling routine. For the retired hobby is a blessing that kills time, keeps in shape, improves memory, and alleviates the effects of aging.

It has been proved that engaging in a hobby is great for your brain. When you feel good, the nucleus accumbens, the brain region playing an important role in reward, laughter, and pleasure, is

stimulated. If you enjoy the activity you are pursuing the proper signal is sent to your brain which stimulates the pleasure zone and you feel happy.

Hobbies and passions develop talents, creativity and imagination. Hobbyists are creative thinkers and good experts in the area of their interest. They are able to stay highly focused and concentrated on the subject. Pursuing a passion promotes self-esteem and self-confidence. Hobbies encourage broader perception and wider horizons. They develop the capacity of reaching beyond what is on the surface and getting a deeper insight. You are no longer limited to evaluate yourself by professional performance at work or by fulfilling a family role.

Hobbies encourage friendships. Hobbyists communicate with each other through a variety of media, such as Internet blogs and forums, clubs, meetings to share ideas and knowledge. It feels great to be a part of a larger group of people that have the same passion as you do. You are not alone.

Pastime is a powerful de-stresser. After a tough day's work, engaging in the activity you like brings relaxation, quiet and piece of mind. You stop thinking about work and deadlines. Hobby is a very effective way of resting and enjoying a good night's sleep.

You can try to turn your passion into a profitable activity and make money on it. I know people who created a successful rental business out of their lifelong motorcycling hobby! So get yourself some hobby to live

(423 words)

Text B

Find Your Own Hobby

"I love playing piano!" or" My passion is painting!" and" Writing is my delight!" All these different things are the embodiment of the human being uniqueness; we all have something we like and greatly enjoy doing.

Time has never been so compressed as it is today, work is overwhelming and it seems that anyone submits to this scheme: home- work- home- work.

Surprisingly, there still are individuals who understand that life is so much more than that, and they try to enlarge their spare time and take the advantages of it. Besides spending times with their families, some persons have an impulse to do a certain activity and they focus their attention and energy on the accomplishment of that "project". That is what happens when one has a HOBBY!

After they decided what their hobby is, they did everything necessary so that they would satisfy their new desire. To make things clearer, I will proceed by giving some examples.

An old existing hobby is the minute work of collecting stamps. Another one could be a special interest in sports or having a special interest in certain objects: motorcycles, skateboards, bikes, old automobiles, colorful kites.

Psychologists state the following theory, which I totally agree with because can be easily proved: having certain preoccupations (hobbies) makes your life quality grow by enhancing the level of happiness. This can be explained as follows: if you have a hobby and you succeed in its accomplishment, you feel a strong sensation of fulfillment, which eventually makes you happier. Further on, if you make the job you have your hobby, you shall get a double satisfaction: a material one (your salary) and a spiritual one (a benefic feeling). Another advantage from having a hobby is that you develop skills connected to it, you consume your extra-energy, and you might find new friends, people who are interested in the same thing that you are, etc.

Once reading all this, you might think that you do not have any particular interests or you are not good enough at doing anything. I really doubt this is reality!

You should start trying different activities. In order to help you, I can suggest a few activities: going fishing, going shopping, cooking, painting, singing, reading poems, why not, writing poems, playing an instrument, playing a game, making haircuts, learning foreign languages, make a psychology course, start traveling, collecting some objects, and there are so many other things you can start doing and just see you enjoy doing that certain thing.

It is like fixing a goal in life and then following it!

Another issue could be helping others while you practice your hobby. Maybe you discover that you enjoy so much donating material support to orphanages, or to all sort of institutions. Many people can take huge benefits from this.

However, you have a series of choices, and all of them are decent and delightful and can offer an enormous satisfaction. It is you who has to decide upon one or many, feeling optimistic about it and exploiting it at maximum.

Good luck with that!

(513 words)

By

Unit 10 Science and Fantasy王琼

Text A

The following is an excerpt from the science fiction the War of the Worlds Written by H. G. Wells

书名 床头灯英语学习读本 II

改编 Wheatley Barney

航空工业出版社2004年5月

The killing begins

I could not move, so amazed was I at all that I had just seen. Yet, I wanted so badly to see more, especially inside that entrance to their machine. I started to slowly walk in a wide circle around the pit that hid the Martians from view , never once taking my eyes off it..

Several long snake-like arms came wiggling out of the hole for a very brief moment, and then disappeared again, back down below. Then, a long, thin, metal rod rose up out of the pit. At the top of it spun a round object, similar to a mirror. I wondered what they could be doing?

Most of the people had gathered into two groups, one on the right of the pit, and the other, on the left. I was standing pretty much alone. I decided to try and get a better view from a small hill nearby. As I stood there, I saw that all around the pit, small groups of men had begun to gradually walk closer and closer.

They would move a few feet and then stop to wait and see if anything would happen. One of the little groups was holding and waving, high up in the air, a white flag on a stick. They, apparently, wanted to show the Martians that we were men of some intelligence, with whom they could communicate.

By this time, the pit was almost completely surrounded by people, who, little by little, were approaching the cylinder. A bright flame, suddenly, flew straight up into the air from the pit. The light reflected green from the surrounding peoples‘ faces and then quickly disappeared. Then a large domed object slowly rose out from the pit. Seconds later, a clear, almost invisible, beam of energy shot from the object, and the men, who gathered around the flag, one by one, burst into flames. The rest of the people, who had been following close behind, turned and ran.

I, again, could not move for a moment. I was so amazed by the sight before me. I had not yet realized that these flames running about in front of me were dying men.

That single shot of invisible heat from the Martian ship had quickly moved from man to man, and was now spreading to the surrounding trees and far away buildings. I followed the path of destruction to try and see in which direction the danger was headed I saw a horse suddenly catch on fire without even having time to cry out. Then, a row of bushes burst into flame; and it was at that moment, I could see that the heat ray was moving toward me, and, coming much too fast for me to be able to move out of its path.

Suddenly, everything became quiet, and the Thing in the pit slowly moved back down and out of sight. I had been lucky. If it had continued just a few seconds longer, I would not be here today to tell the story.

All around me, the ground was burned black. The group of men who had been holding the white flag had now completely disappeared into nothing. They were all dead. Houses could be seen burning in the distance toward the town of Woking. The smell of burnt flesh and wood filled the air. Nothing could be seen of the Martians, except for their metal rod with the spinning mirror on top.

(578 words)

Text B

The following is an excerpt from the book

Physics of the Future: How science will Shape Human Destiny

and Our daily Lives by the Year 2100

By Kaku

出版社New York: Doubleday

出版日期2011,3

Medical Care in the Near Future

A visit to the doctor‘s office will be completely changed. For a routine checkup, when you talk to the ―doctor‖, it will probably be a robotic software program that appears on your wall screen and that can correctly diagnose up to 95 percent of all common ailments. Your ―doctor‖ may look like a person, but it will actually be an animated image programmed to ask certain simple questions. Your ―doctor‖ will also have a complete record of your genes, and will recommend a course of medical treatments that takes into account all your genetic risk factors.

To diagnose a problem, the ―doctor‖ will ask you to pass a simple probe over your body. In the original Star Trek TV series, the public was amazed to see a device called the tricorder that could instantly diagnose any illness and peer inside your body. But you do not have to wait until the twenty-third century for this futuristic device. Already MRT machines, which weigh several tons and can fill up an entire room, have been miniaturized to about a foot, and will eventually be as small as a cell phone. By passing one over your body, you will be able to see inside your organs. Computers will process these 3-D images and then give you a diagnosis. This probe will also be

able to determine, within minutes, the presence of a wide variety of diseases, including cancer, years before a tumor forms. This probe will contain DNA chips, silicon chips that have millions of tiny sensors that can detect the presence of the telltale DNA of many diseases.

Of course, many people hate going to the doctor. But in the future, your health will be silently and effortlessly monitored several times a day without your being aware of it. Your toilet, bathroom mirror, and clothes will have DNA chips to silently determine if you have cancer colonies of only a few hundred cells growing in your body. You will have more sensors hidden in your bathroom and clothes than are found in a modern hospital or university today. For example, simply by blowing on a mirror, the DNA for a mutated protein called p53 can be detected, which is implicated in 50 percent of all common cancers. This means that the word tumor will gradually disappear from the English language.

Today, it you are in a bad car accident on a lonely road, you could easily bleed to death. But in the future, your clothes and car will automatically spring into action at the first sign of trauma, calling for an ambulance, locating your car‘s position, uploading your entire medical history, all while you are unconscious. In the future, it will be difficult to die alone. Your clothes will be able to sense any irregularities in your heartbeat, breathing, and even brain waves by means of tiny chips woven into the fabric. When you get dressed, you go online.

(487 words)

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