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2012人教版(新目标)初中七上Unit_2_This_is_my_sister知识整理

发布时间:2014-07-11 09:24:34  

人教版(新目标)初中七上Unit 2 This is my sister知识整理

重点词汇

grandfather称祖父,grandmother叫祖母,father父mother母,brother兄弟来称呼,sister姐或妹,

parent父或母,uncle伯、舅、叔,aunt姨、婶、姑,daughter女儿son儿子,friend 朋友、友人

picture 不仅指照片,也可指画,画像,图片等

单元生词“秀”

尊敬长辈是美德,儿(son)女(daughter)共唱幸福歌,parents包括mother and father,grandparent只指grandfather 或grandmother

一个。

兄弟(brother)姐妹(sister)很快乐,堂兄们(cousin)也不错,

拍张照片(picture,photo)在这里(here),叔叔(uncle)、婶子(aunt)笑呵呵。

he(他)的本领确实大,前加 “s” 变成“她(she)”

这些(these)那些(those)一字差,亲爱的(dear)朋友(friend)是(are)一家。

重点句型

This is /That is……. Are those your ... ? This/That is… These/Those are…

交际用语

Who is he/she? He/she is… Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you,too.

Thanks. Bye! This/That is my… Who is she/he? Who are they?

重要语法 代词

【课文讲解】

1. This is my sister. 这是我的姐妹。

1) 当我们把一个人介绍给另一个人时,常用句型This is…意为“这是……”。如果介绍距离我们较远的人时,则用That is…或That’s…意为“那是”,一般不用He is… 或she is…。一般来说,从交际习惯上来看,先把年轻人介绍给长者;在宾主之间,先介绍宾客;男女之间,先把男士介绍给女士。如:

Hi, Lisa. This is my classmate, Linda. 喂,丽沙。这是我的同学,琳达。

—Mom, this is my friend, Tom. 妈妈,这是我的朋友,汤姆。

—Tom, this is my mother. 汤姆,这是我母亲。

2) that’s是that is的缩写形式,但须注意,this is是不能缩写的。

2. These are my brothers.这些是我的兄弟们。

Those are my parents. 那些是我的父母亲。

当介绍的是两个或两个以上的人时,可用“These are…(这些是……) ”或“Those are…(那些是……)”。these和those做主语时,后面的动词be要用are,动词后面的名词也要用复数形式,以保持数的一致。如: These are my classmates and those are my teachers. 这些是我的同学,那些是我的老师。

these 或those也可用来修饰名词时,名词要用复数形式。

These books are new. 这些书是新的。

Those newspapers are old. 那些报纸是旧的。

注意:回答主语是these 或those的一般疑问句时,通常用they来代替问句中的these或those做主语,以避免重复。肯定回答用Yes, they are.(不能缩写成they’re);否定回答用No, they aren’t. 如:

—Are those your friends? 那些是你的朋友吗?

—Yes, they are. 是的,是我的朋友。

3. This is my friend Jane. 这是我的朋友Jane。

句中my friend和Jane是同位关系,Jane是my friend的同位语,我的朋友my friend和Jane是同一个人。因此该句也可以说This is Jane, my friend. 这是Jane,我的朋友。如:

①This is my sister, Lucy. 这是我的妹妹露茜。

②That is Jane, my girl friend. 那是珍妮,我的女朋友。

4.These are my brothers

这是我的兄弟们。

These are…是This is…的复数形式。与此相应,That is…与Those are…也可作介绍语。只不过this指离说话人较

近的人或物,意思是“这个”,that指离说话人较远的人或物,意思是“那个”。如:

This is my mum and that is my dad. 这是我的妈妈,那是我的爸爸。

This is a pen and that is a pencil. 这是一支钢笔,那是一支铅笔。

5. Here are two nice photos of my family.

这是由here引起的倒装句型,在“Here + is(are)+主语(名词或名词短语)”句型中,here是副词,置于句首起强调作用,应重读。动词is(are)须位于主语之前,主语如是单数,用动词is,主语是复数用动词are。如: Here is a pencil. 这儿有支铅笔。

—Here are some apples for you. 这儿有些苹果给你。

【语法详解】

代词

1.this/these是近指代词,指时间或空间上较近的人或事物。that/those是远指代词,指时间或空间上较远的人或事物。如

这位是史密斯先生,那位是布莱克先生。

这些是梨,那些是苹果。

2.that和those可用来代替前面说过的名词。如 The we上海的天气不像北京那么冷。

3.this,that,these,those和冠词(a,an,the)以及形容词性物主代词(his,her,its,my等)合不来,它们从不连用。

4.在回答一般疑问句时,不直接用this,that,these,those,而要用it,they来代替上文的指示代词以避免词汇重复。如 —Is this your pen?这是你的钢笔吗?—Yes,it is./No,it isn’t.是的。/不,不是。

5.this,that和单数名词相处得很好,常放在名词前面,these,those则和复数名词相处得很好,常放在复数名词前。如

我喜欢那些香蕉,它们看起来不错。

6.this is常用于电话用语中的自我介绍。that常用于询问并指代对方,用that/it,不用you。 如—喂,你是李明吗?

—Yes,this is Li Ming是的,我是李明。

7.向第三者介绍旁边的熟人时,常用This is...;向第三者介绍距离较远的熟人时,常用That is...。

【中考连线】

1.You can call your father and mother p .(完成单词

思路解析:“爸爸与妈妈”就是父母。因为父母是两个人,因此要用复数,有的同学没有用复数形式而失分。答

2.—Have you heard of the accident about Lucy and her father? —Accident?No,I haven’t.Tell me about

思路解析:这是一道考查代词用法的题。it常用来代替事物、时间等;her“她”为she的宾格,常用来代替女性;him“他”为he的宾格,常用来代替男性;them“他们”为they的宾格,可用来代替第三人称的复数。根据句意,此处是用于代替Accident,要用it。答案为A。

提示:本题由于受前句Lucy and her father的影响,学生容易误选D。实际上,如果把答语中的accident去掉,选D也可以。但在答语中有accident提示,说明告诉的重点是事故的情况,所以A项才是最佳答案。

B:

思路解析:这是一道考查交际能力的试题,上句是一句表示感谢的语言,那么下句就应当是对表示感谢的答语。My pleasure意为“甭客气”;No,thanks意为“不,谢谢你”;Never mind意为“别介意”;All right意为“可以;好”。根据情景可以判断答案选A。

提示:本题在于:一是分不清语言情景,二是对所给情景不能作出正确的回答。

同步测试题

一、选择填空。

( )1.-Is he your friend? -Yes, ________.

A.it is B.it isn’t C.he is D.he isn’t ( )2.-Is this your father? -No, ________.

A.it is B.it isn’t C.he is D.he isn’t ( )3.Is that your ________ ?

A.a picture B.picture C.pictures D.nice pictures ( )4.Are ________ Kate’s ________?

A.this, book B.that,book C.these,books D.those,book ( )5.Is Zhang Fu your brother? ________.

A.Yes,it is B.No,it isn’t C.Yes, she is D.No,he isn’t ( )6.Thanks ________ your last letter.

A.of B.from C.for D.to

( )7.Anna is not my sister. ________ my cousin.

A.He B.He’s C.She D.She’s ( )8.Is ________ your aunt? What’s ________ name?

A.he,his B.she,her C.he,her D.she,his ( )9.What are those? ________.

A.They are apple trees B.They are apples trees

C.Those are apple trees D.Those are apples trees

二、将下列句子变为一般疑问句,并作简要的肯定回答和否定回答

1.This is Gina.

2.

3.He is my good friend.

4.These are nice pictures.

5.

三、用am,is,are填空

1.Excuse me! ________ this your eraser?

2.What ________ those? ________ they birds(鸟)?

3.This ________ his ruler. Where ________ my ruler?

4.I ________ in Class Three. ________ you in Class Three,too?

5.________ these her English books?

6.Those ________ their apples. Where ________ his apples?

7.She ________ eleven. How old ________ that boy?

8.He ________ my friend. ________ your friend a boy or a girl?

9.________ those maps? No,they ________ not. They ________ pictures.

10.These ________ your bananas. Here you ________.

四、连词成句,注意标点符号

l.his, here, is, photo, family, (.)

2.your, the, for, of, thanks, photo, family, (.)

3.your, is, brother, Paul, (?)

4.are, not, these, grandparents, his, (.)

5.she, aunt, his, is, (?)

五、完形填空

is Ben. 4 is Maria. Her husband(丈夫) is 5 . Mr Black is 6 , too. He and his son are 7 New York(纽约) now. Mrs Black and Maria are in China. 8 are classmates(同班同学), and we are 9 . I teach(教) teaches me English.

( )1.A.be B.is C.am D.are

( )2.A.She B.Her C.He D.His

( )3.A.His son B.His daughter C.Her son D.Her daughter

( )4.A.His son B.His daughter C.Her son D.Her daughter )5.A.Black Paul B.Paul Black C.Black Anna D.Anna Black )6.A.a student B.an English student C.a Chinese teacher D.an English teacher )7.A.at B.from C.in D.on

( )8.A.Ben and I B.I and Ben C.Maria and I D.I and Maria

( )9.A.good friend B.a good friend C.good friends D.friend

( )10.A.he B.she C.they D.her

六、阅读短文,然后答题

A

Look at this. What’s this in English, do you know? Ah, it’s a photo. Who’s that in the photo? It’s Li Yan. Li Yan is my good friend. She is a beautiful (漂亮)girl. Who’s that? The boy in black? It’s Jim. He is an English boy. He is very cool(酷). He is my friend, too. We are all in the same school. I like Jim and Li Yan.

根据短文内容选择正确答案。

( )1.What is t his? It’s ________.

A.a school B.a friend C.a photo D.an English friend

( )2.Li Yan is ________.

A.a good boy B.a cool boy C.a beautiful girl D.an English girl

( )3.What color is Jim in? ________.

A.Red B.Yellow C.Orange D.Black

( )4.Who’s English? ________.

A.I B.Jim C.Li Yan D.Jim and Li Yan

( )5.Who are in the same school? ________.

A.Jim and Li Yan B.Jim and I C.Li Yan and I D.Jim, Li Yah and I

B

My name is Nancy. I’m a student. I’m twelve. My father is a teacher. My mother is a teacher, too. John is my brother. We are all(都) in Beijing, China. The man in a black coat is my father. The woman in a red sweater(毛衣) is my mother. The boy behind(在……后面) the tree is John. We are very happy(快乐) here. We love Beijing.

根据短文内容回答下列问题。

1.How old is Nancy? _______________________

2.Who is Nancy’s brother? ________________________

3.What are Nancy’s father and mother? ________________________

4.Where are they now? ________________________

5.Do they like Bijing? ________________________

答案:

一、选择填空。

1.C(Is he…? 的肯定回答)

2.B(Is this…? 的否定回答)

3.B(your不和a连用,that是单数代词)

4.C(句子表示复数意义)

5.D(由句意可判断Guo Peng是男孩)

6.C(Thanks for sth. 因某事表示感谢)

7.D(Anna是女孩)

8.B(aunt为女性)

9.A(apple trees是复数)

二、将下列句子变为一般疑问句,并作简要的肯定回答和否定回答

1.Is this Gina? Yes,it is./No,it isn’t.

2.Is that his brother? Yes,it is./No,it isn’t.

3.Is he your good friend? Yes,he is./No,he isn’t.

4.Are these nice pictures? Yes,they are. /No,they aren’t.

5.Are these school things? Yes,they are./No,they aren’t.

三、用am,is,are填空

1.Is 2.are, Are 3.is, is 4.am, Are 5.Are 6.are, are 7.is, is

四、连词成句,注意标点符号

1.Here is his family photo.

2.Thanks for the photo of your family.

3.Is Paul your brother?

4.These are not his grandparents.

5.Is she his aunt?

五、完形填空

1.B(主语my English teacher是单数)

2.A(she“她”,代词主格)

3.C(Ben是男名)

4.D(Maria是女名)

5.B(Paul是男名,Black是姓氏)

6.D(由上文English teacher可知)

7.C(介词in表示位置)

8.C(由Mrs Black and Maria are in China可知)

9.C(we与friends相符合)

10.B(Maria是女名)

六、阅读短文,然后答题

A 1.C 2.C 3.D 4.B 5.D

B 1.She is twelve.2.Her brother is John.

3.They are teachers.4.They are in Beijing,China.

5.Yes,they do.

8.is,Is 9.Are, are, are .are, are 10

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