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仁爱版八年级英语上册导学案(完整修改版)

发布时间:2014-07-11 14:04:32  

111仁爱版八年级英语导学案 Unit1 Playing sports

Topic1 Are you going to play basketball? Section A

学习目标:

1. 掌握Page1—2的单词,重点短语及句型。

2. 熟练掌握“be going to +动词原形”的结构表示的一般将来时。 学习重难点:

1.一般将来时来时

概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。基本结构:be going to + do(动词原形); .句中一般有以下时间状语:

tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

否定句:1.在be动词(am, is, are)后加not;一般疑问句: be提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。 例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.

→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

We are going to go on an outing this weekend.

→ Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

2. see sb do sth “看见某人经常,习惯性做某事” 表示看见事件、行动的全过程,动作已经结束。

see sb doing sth “看见某人正在做某事”强调事件正在进行。

3.have a ? game against ? “同?进行一场?比赛”

4.cheer?on “为某人加油(喝彩)”

5.-- Would you like to do sth?

-- Sure, I’d love to.

6. Me,too. 7.动词做主语时要变动名词。

自学引导:

1、自学Page1-2的单词。(根据音标拼读、拼写单词并牢记)。

2、结合课后注释预习SectionA1a,为课堂展示作准备。

3、标出重要的短语和句型,标出疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。 预习自测:

用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. I (play)basketball after school this afternoon. 2. I (see) a film last night.

3. They see you (play) soccer on the playground every day.

4. We’re very happy, because our team (win) the last game,we are ______(win).

5.________(skate) is my favorite sport.

合作探究:

1. 组内讨论解决自学引导中的疑难问题。

2. 听录音分角色表演,完成听力部分。

3. 进一步熟悉一般现在时的句型。

同步训练:

改句子。

1. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

2.. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

3.. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

4.. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句) _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30? (对划线部分提问) ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

6.. My father and mother are going to the day after tomorrow.(同上)

_________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow? 课堂小结

112仁爱八年级上 Unit1 Topic1SectionB 导学案

学习目标:

1.掌握Page3-4的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列短语、句型。

quite a bit/a lot 很多 plan to do sth 计划做某事 have a skating club 举办滑雪俱乐部 grow up 长大成人 give up 放弃

in the future 今后 take part in 参加

What’s your favorite sport? = What sport do you like best?

你最喜爱的运动是什么?

. What are you going to be when you grow up?

当你长大后做什么?

自学引导:

1. 自学P3-4的单词。(根据音标拼读,拼写并牢记)

2. 预习Section B为课堂展示作准备。

3. 标出重要的短语和句型,疑难点,准备课堂中讨论 解决。 预习自测:

单项选择。

( )1.—_______ do you prefer, walking or running?

—I like running bette r.

A.What B.How C.When D.Which

( )2.—Are you going to _______ our English club?

—Yes, I am.

A.take part in B.join C.took part in D.joined

( )3. Mr. Xiang is the best teacher in our school. He is good _______ teaching.

A.for B.to C.with D.at

( )4.I want to be a doctor when I _______.

A.grow up B.talk about C.get up D.was born

( )5.I see Wei Han _______ English almost every morning.

A.reads B.reading C.read D.to read

合作探究:

1. 组内讨论解决自学引导的疑难点问题。

2. 听录音,反复朗读课文,讨论一下几个问题,并展示,小组点评。

当堂自测

I.

Sam:

Frank:Me, too. Do you skate much? Sam:Frank:What’s your favorite sport?

Sam:Football. What about you?

Frank:Sam:Who is your favorite player? Frank:Yao Ming. Sam:Ronaldo.

Frank:Don’t miss it!

Sam:Oh, I won’t.

Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空。

6.I _______ (grow) up in the countryside.

7.Jane prefers _______ (cycle).

8.Running can help you keep _______ (health).

9.Xiao Ming broke the men 800-meter-race _______ (record) at the school sports meeting.

10.Ann is going to go _______ (skate) with her classmates tomorrow.

113仁爱八年级上 Unit1 Topic1SectionC 导学案

学习目标:

1.掌握Page5-6的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列短语、句型。

go skating/skiing/bicycling/climbing/hiking

去滑雪/滑冰/骑车/爬山/远足

be good at 善于做某事 take part in 参加

all over the world 全世界be good for对……有益 a good way一种好方法keep fit/healthy保持健康

relax oneself 放松某人自己.

She spends at least half an hour in the gym every day.

每天她至少花半小时在体育馆.

She plays baseball pretty well and she is also good at jumping. 她棒球打得相当好而且擅长于跳.

There is going to be a school sports meet next month.下月有一场运动会

自学引导:

1.自学P5-6的单词。(根据音标拼读,拼写并牢记)

2.预习Section C为课堂展示作准备。

3.标出重要的短语和句型,疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。

预习自测:

汉译英。

1.在体育馆

2.一周两次 3.去爬山

4.跳高 5.相当好

6.全世界 7.保持健康

8.使自己放松合作探究:

1.组内讨论解决自学引导的疑难点问题。

2.听录音,反复朗读课文,讨论一下几个问题并展示,小组点评。 当堂自测:

单项选择。

( )1.—_______ do you prefer, walking or running?

—I like running better.

A.What B.How C.When D.Which

( )2.—Are you going to _______ our English club?

—Yes, I am.

A.take part in B.join C.took part in D.joined

( )3.The foreigners arrived _______ Shanghai _______ night.

A.at; at B.in; at C.in; in D.at; in

( )4. Xu Xia and her teammates are _______ the U.S.A. next week.

A.leaving for B.leave for C.to D.left

( )5.Mr. Xiang is the best teacher in our school. He is good _____ teaching.

A.for B.to C.with D.at

( )6.I want to be a doctor when I _______.

A.grow up B.talk about C.get up D.was born

( )7.I see Wei Han _______ English almost every morning.

A.reads B.reading C.read D.to read

( )8.—Which team are you going to play _______ the day after tomorrow?

—A team from No.7 Middle School. I hope we will win.

A.about B.with C.for D.against

( )9.Sam spends two hours _______ his homework every day.

A.to do B.doing C.do D.does

( )10.There _______ an English Party in our class next week.

A.is going to have B.is going to be C.will have D.have

课堂小结

114仁爱八年级上 Unit1 Topic1 Section D导学案

学习目标:

1.掌握Page7的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列短语、句型。

arrive (in大地点/at小地点)

(get to)(reach及物动词)+某地

play against sb/team

excite(动) { excited(sb.) I am excited. exciting(sth.) The film is exciting. }

leave for??动身去某地 leave??for??离开某地去某地 自学引导:

复习本话题语法重点及短语句型。

测试题:

Ⅰ.词汇。(10分)

(A)根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。

1.Let’s c_______ Liu Xiang on.

2.Work hard, and your f_______ is not a dream.

3.Things are looking p_______ good.

4.The Big Big World is a very p_______ song.

5.My grandma is old. There is something wrong with her h_______.

(B)用所给词的适当形式填空。

6.I _______ (grow) up in the countryside.

7.Jane prefers _______ (cycle).

8.Running can help you keep _______ (health).

9.Xiao Ming broke the men 800-meter-race _______ (record) at the school sports meeting.

10.Ann is going to go _______ (skate) with her classmates tomorrow. Ⅱ.综合填空。(5分)

用所给词或词组的适当形式填空,其中有两项多余。

单元总结

121 Unit 1 Topic 2 Secton A

学习目标:

1. 预习本课单词和词组

2. 学习提出要求的句型Would you mind (not) doing sth.?/Will you ??及其答语。

自学指导:

1.朗读1a对话,翻译对话内容;

2.独立完成1b.

自学检测: 根据汉语或首字母提示完成句子

1.Do you m_______opening the window ? It’s too hot.

2.Mary often p______running .She will take part in a race.

3.Lily must hide(躲)s______else ,because I can’t see her.

4.The box is very light ,I can carry it m .

5.I can_______(处理,管理)my own bedroom.

知识重点

1.Michael, Could you please do me a favor?

(1)Could you please do me a favor? = Could you help me?

= Could you give me a hand? 你能帮我吗?do sb. a favor帮某

人忙,相当于help sb.或give sb. a hand。(2) ask sb. a favor请某人帮忙 (3)Could you please?? 相当于Would you please??通常用Sure /Certainly /Of course做肯定回答。

2. But one of my teammates fell ill.

(1)one of + 名词复数 表示 “??其中之一”, 主语是one,表单数.

(2) ill 与 sick 都表示 “生病的”, ill只能作表语而sick既可作表语也可作定语. 如: The man is ill/sick. 那个男人病了. (作表语)

He is a sick man. 他是个病人. (作定语)

fall ill意思为“得病,生病”强调的是动作,be ill意思为“有病的,得病的”强调的是状态,feel ill意思为“感觉不舒服”强调的是身体感受

3. Would you mind???

(1)Would you mind teaching me? = Would you please teach me? 你教我好吗?Would you mind (not) doing sth? 表示 “(不)做某事介意/好吗?”

Would/Do you mind ??你介意?吗?/请你?好吗? Would/Do you mind +doing??用来客气地提出请求 Would/Do you mind not doing?你不做?行吗?

Would/Do you mind+if +从句?如果?你介意吗?

Would/Do you mind giving me a glass of water? 请你给我一杯水好吗?

Would/Do you mind not smoking? 你别抽烟好吗? Do you mind if I smoke? 你意我抽烟吗?

(2)回答带有mind的问句时要注意yes或no都是针对mind(介意,在乎)选用的。表示“介意,在乎”时,用yes,后面跟句子,意识是“不让对方做某事”;表示“不介意,不在乎”时选用no,后面跟句子,意思是“允许对方做某事”

—Would/Do you mind helping me with the heavy box?你介意帮我搬这个重箱子吗?

—No,not at all/Certainly not/Of course not.不介意,当然可以。

或者

—I’m sorry,but?? 对不起,但是??

(3)动名词前还可以加一个逻辑主语,一般用形容词性物主代词或名词所有格。

Would/Do you mind my smoking here?你介意我在这里抽烟吗?

当堂自测

根据汉语提示完成句子

1.I’d (帮他一个忙).

2.-Would you mind (整理床铺).

-I’d (十分乐意).

3.You should do your homework (立刻,马上)

4.I’m very sorry for (乱丢瓶子).

5.It was cold yesterday. I (病倒了).

6.I want to go to the (首都体育馆).

把下列句子排成一段通顺的话

1.Sure, what is it?

2.Thanks,Would you mind telling me his phone number?

3.Excuse me, Could you do me a favor?

4.Oh,sorry. I’m not good at swimming,either. But I think Tom will be a good teacher.

5.Of course not . It is 010—6873678.

6. Would you please teach me how to swim.

正确顺序为

122 Unit 1 Topic 2 Secton B

学习目标:

1.预习本课单词和词组。

2.进一步学习提出要求的句型Would you mind (not) doing sth.?/Will you …?及其答语。

3.will表示意愿的用法 。

4.道歉方式及其应答的常用句型你。

自学指导:

一:1.朗读1a对话,翻译对话内容; 2.独立完成1b. 自学检测

用适当的介词填空 1.Learning English well is important us.

2.Look at the tiger in the cage(笼子),we are all sorry it. 3.What do you mean coming home so late?

4.The line is bad.I can’t hear you the phone.

5.Don’t worry.He will be back a minute.

知识重点:

1.Michael ,You’re always so careless. 你总是这样粗心大意.

(1) careless意思为“粗心的”和careful是一对反义词。

2. You missd a good chance!

(1)miss a good chance 错过一个好机会

(2)miss “错过,思念,遗失”

如: I missed the last bus yesterday. 昨天我错过最后一班车. He missed his mother. 他想念他的母亲.

My God! I missed(=lost) my key. 天啊! 我把钥匙弄丢了.

(3) chance意思为“机会”;by chance偶然的;a chance of sth./to do sth.一个…的机会/做某事的机遇。

3.What do you mean by saying that?

What do you mean by…?= What does … mean?= What’s the meaning of…?

意思为“…是什么意思”。

4.You shouldn’t shout at me.

(1) shout意思为“喊叫” (2) shout at sb. 意思为“冲某人(生气地)喊叫” (3) shout to sb. 意思为“朝某人高声说”

5.He did his best ,and he…

do one’s best=try one’s best尽某人最大的努力

do one’s best to do sth.=try one’s best to do sth. 尽某人最

大的努力做某事。

6. be angry with sb 生…的气

7. say sorry to sb 向某人道歉

8. be sure to do sth. 确信做某事 be sure that … 意思为“确信…”

be sure of/about…对…确信/肯定/有把握,后面可以跟名词或代词。

9.have a fight(with sb). 意思为“(和某人)打了一架”。Fight在这儿是名词。have a fight with sb.= fight with sb. 但 fight with sb中的fight是动词。

10.with the help of…意思为“在…的帮助下”。

11.turn down 把音量调低 turn up把音量开大 turn on打开 turn off关掉

13.I’m sorry./Sorry. 抱歉 I’m sorry for/ I’m sorry to do sth./ I’m sorry that很抱歉…

14.another 再一个,又一个;other 另外,其它;one…the other (两者中)一个…另一个…

当堂自测

1. 根据汉语和首字母提示完成句子。

1.Mary was a c gile.She lost her key yesterday.

2.Beijing held the Olympics.It was really a good c for us to study English. 3.The teacher (生…气)them because they (打了一架)

Yesterday. 4.The radio is too loud. Would you mind (调低一点)? 5.Your shoes are very d .You’d better wash them right away. 补全对话 1.A:It a little cold.Tom, B:Not at all.

2.A:My computer doesn’t work.

B:Of course not.I’ll come soon.

3.A:I hear you playing the piano beautifully.But I think it is too loud. B:I’m sorry about that.I’ll play quietly.

4.A: I’m sorry for losing your pencil. B: I have another one in my bag.

123 Unit 1 Topic 2 Secton C

学习目标:

1.预习本课单词和词组

2.继续学习提出要求的句型Could you please…?/Will you …?及其答语

3.了解篮球运动的相关知识

学习指导:

一:1.朗读1a对话,翻译对话内容;

2.独立完成1b.

二:知识点击

1.That’s a lot of traveling.您的行程很多。

Travel v.旅游;travel n. 旅游

例如:My uncle traveled many interesting places.我的叔叔旅游过很多有趣的地方。

2.Exciting? Yes, but very tiring as well.很精彩?是的,但是也很累。

as well意思为“同样地,也”。常放在句子末尾,相当于too。 Will you join us well?他们也愿意加入我们吗?

too,also,either表示“也”用法的区别。

(1)too常与also通用,其位置一般在句末。

Tom plays basketball well.Michael plays basketball well,too.汤姆篮球打得不错,迈克尔也是。

(2)also是正式用语,常用于肯定句中,常放在系动词、情态动词之后,行为动词之前。

例如:I teach English,and he alse teaches English.

(3)either常用于否定句句末。

3.He invented an indoor game for his students so that they could play even in bad weather.

(1)so that为了,以便;so …that如此…以至于

(2)inventor名词 发明家、创造者、发明者

Invention名词 发明、创造

4.Do you know how to score in the game?

how to do sth. 意思为“怎样做某事”

5.But you must follow the rules.但是你必须遵守规则。

follow意思为“跟随,遵从,理解,领会”。

6.Now basketball is becoming more and more popular all over the word.如今篮球已成为全世界越来越流行的运动。

more and more表示“越来越”, 形容词比较级+and+形容词比较级或

more and more+多音节形容词,表示“越来越…” 。

124 Unit 1 Topic 2 Secton D

学习目标:

1.预习本课单词和词组。

2.学习复合形容词做定语的用法。

3.学习表示请求和意愿的句型。

自学指导:

一:1.朗读1a对话,翻译对话内容; 2.独立完成1b.

二:知识点击

1.I am a 15-year-old boy and I’m quite healthy.

15-year-old意思为“十五岁的”,符合形容词结构,在句中通常放在名词前作定语,在此结构中year不能用复数形式。

例如:She is an eight-year-old girl.她是一个八岁的女孩。类似的用法还有:

1.5-mile-run 1.5英里的长跑 800-meter race 800米的赛跑

15 years old 意思为“十五岁”,在句中只作表语,year和old两个单词中间不加

连接符号。数词大于1时,year要用复数。…(s)old 表示“…岁”。

2.I drink milk and eat fresh fruit and vegetables instead of chips and choclate.我喝牛奶,吃新鲜水果和蔬菜,而不是薯条和巧克力。

(1)instead of意思为“代替…,而不是”,后接名次、代词、动名词。

例如:You should play outside instead of working indoors.你应该到外面玩玩,不该闷在屋里工作。

(2)instead 意思为“代替,顶替,反而,却”,放在句尾或句首。

例如:We haven’t got any coffee.Would you like tea instead?我们没喝咖啡,

你喝茶行吗?

3.Healthy eating habits and running heap to build me up.健康的饮食习惯和跑步

帮助我增强体质。

build up意思为“使…更强壮,增强…体质”,另外它还有“增强,增进”之意。

4.I have great fun running,and I feel well and look fit.

(1)have fun doing sth.从…中获得乐趣

(2)look fit= look healthy意思为“看起来健康”, look做系动词时,后跟形容

词。 自学检测

在课文中划出下列短语并翻译

(1)a 15-year-old boy_______________ (2)one year ago_____________

(3) get tired_____________(4)look really fit and

active_______________ (5)have a 1.5-mile run_____________ ___(6)

instead of______________(7)build me up____________(8)feel

well___________(9)the boys’ 800-meter race_________________

当堂自测

补全对话

A:Hello! ____________________________________

B:Yes, this is Mr. Zhang.

A:This is Wang Li here. ___________________________________

B:Sure. What is it?

A:My computer doesn’t work.

__________________________________________

B:Of course not. By the way,

___________________________________________

A:It’s in my office.

B:______________________________________

A: You need to take No.5 bus. I’ll wait for you at the bus stop. B: OK. I’ll be there soon.

仁爱八年级上 131 Unit1 Topic3 Section A 导学案

学习目标:

1.掌握Page17-18的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列短语、句型。

make many friends

join /be/take part in + 活动

may be=perhaps<adv.> may be<动>

Maybe he is at home. /He may be at home.

I’ll be in the long jump and the high jump.

It’s one’s first time to do sth. 某人第一次做某事

语法重点:

Will + 动词原形 表示一般将来时

自学引导:

1.自学P17-18的单词。(根据音标拼读,拼写并牢记)

2.预习Section A1a为课堂展示作准备。

3.标出课文中重要的短语和句型,疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。 预习自测:

根据汉语提示完成句子。

1.这是他第一次来上海。

is his to come to Shanghai.

2.我明天将参加跳远比赛。

I’ll the long jump tomorrow.

3妈妈打算为我买一双跑鞋。.

Mum is going to buy me a of

4.我现在不想参加考试。我还没有准备好。

I don’t want to take the test. I not it. 合作探究:1.组内讨论解决自学引导的疑难点问题。

2.听录音,反复朗读课文,并展示,小组点评。

当堂自测单项选择。

( )1.I bought a pair of running shoes because I want to _______ the teachers’ relay race.

A.join B.join in C.take part D.have part in

( )2.—_______

—The long jump.

A.What sport will you take part in? B.Which sport will you take part in?

C.What are you going to do? D.What’s the matter?

( )3.Li Ming will take part in the boys’ _______.

A.800-meter race B.800-meter races

C.800 meter race D.800-meter-races

( )4.My foreign friend, Tom, will come to _______.

A.cheer me up B.cheer up me

C.cheer me on D.cheer on me

( )5.—Hi, I’m Xiao Li, I’m very glad to _______ friends _______ you.

—Me too. I’m Xiao Wang.

A.get; like B.make; with C.get; with D.make; to

132 Unit1 Topic3 Section B 导学案

学习目标:

1.掌握Page19-20的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列短语、句型。

Let’s make(约定)it half pasr six.

make sth/sb+adj make sb do sth 使某人做某事

take some photos 拍照

go to the movies/cinema 去看电影

When/where shall we meet?

shall 用于第一人称的疑问句

Congratulations!

自学引导:

1.自学P19-20的单词。(根据音标拼读,拼写并牢记)

2.预习Section B1a 、3a为课堂展示作准备。

3.标出课文中重要的短语和句型,疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。 自测:

情景交际。

选择方框中的句子完成对话。

Mike:Hello! Jack:Speaking.

Mike:This is Mike. Hi, Jack. I have two tickets for a basketball match. Jack:I’d love to.

Mike:Let’s make it two.

Mike:At my home.

133-134 Unit1 Topic3 Section C-D 导学案 学习目标:

1.掌握Page21-24的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列短语、句型。 for the first time 第一次

stand for sth 代表某物/事 They stand for“Welcome to Beijing.” win the first place 赢得第一名

do well / badly in 在某一方面做得好/不好

the finish line 终点线

at least 至少

自学引导:

1.自学P21-24的单词。(根据音标拼读,拼写并牢记)

2.预习Section C、D为课堂展示作准备。

3.标出课文中重要的短语和句型,疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。 预习自测:

.词汇。

(A)根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。

1.A happy family gives a loving e_______ for children.

2.We work hard to i_______ our ability(能力).

3.Five rings are a s_______ of the Olympic Games.

4.This evening Kangkang will go to the movies in the Haidian T_______.

5.He isn’t here now. P_______ he is at home.

(B)根据句意及汉语提示填空。

6.The computer will cost at _______(至少)10,000 yuan. It’s too expensive.

7.Maria passes the _______ (木棒) to Jane.

8.Here are three pages from Kangkang’s _______ (日记).

9.Zhang Yining is the _______(获胜者) in the table tennis game.

10.Er Yuehe is one of the _______(当代的) writers.

合作探究:

1.组内讨论解决自学引导的疑难点问题。

2.听录音,反复朗读课文,并展示,小组点评。

当堂自测

根据汉语意思完成句子。

1.老师认为和学生在一起将获得极大的乐趣。

Teachers think they will_______much_______with the students.

2.越来越多的外国人将在中国生活。

_______ and _______ foreigners will live in China.

3.有多少国家参加了2008年北京奥运会?

How many countries _______ _______ _______ the 2008 Beijing Olympics?

4.我们的城市将有更多更宽阔的道路。

There _______ _______ more and more wide roads in our city.

5.CBA代表什么?

What does CBA _______ _______?

211 Unit 2 Topic 1 Section A

学习目标

1. 预习本课单词及词组。

2. 学习如何使用“What’s the matter?/What’s wrong?”询问身体状况。

3. 学习使用“I have a ?;He/She has a ?”表达病痛。

4. 学习使用情态动词should/shouldn’t来提建议。

自学引导

1. 小组合作朗读对话1a,并翻译对话内容。

2. 小组交流讨论完成1b. 1c. 2。

3. 在文中找出下列短语,并翻译:

①have a toothache ② see a dentist ③get well soon ④ have a bad cold ⑤read too long ⑥ take a rest ⑦drink plenty of boiled water ⑧lift heavy things

1. My father can’t sleep well, because he drinks much c at night.

2. . Mom will take me to the hospital.

3. Don’ .

4. all night, so we couldn’t sleep well.

5. , you should drink more water.

1. What’s wrong with you? 你怎么了?

类似的说法还有:What’s the trouble/ the matter with … ? 和Is there anything wrong with … ?

如:What’s the trouble/ the matter with her ? 她怎么了?

Is there anything wrong with your head? 你的头不舒服吗?

【链接】What’s up? 用于口语中,尤指出现异常或不愉快的事,意为“怎么了?”,相当于“What’s the matter?”如:

What’s up with him? He is so angry? 他怎么了?他非常生气。

2. I have a toothache. 我牙痛。

我们以前学过have表示“有、吃”的意思,而在此句中与表示疾病的词一起表示“得了……病”。常用词组有:have a cold 感冒;have a toothache/ headache/ fever 牙疼/ 头疼/ 发烧,have the flue 流感。如:

He has sore eyes. 他眼睛疼。

【注意】have the flue 中的定冠词the的运用。

【链接】have 表示吃时,可以说have breakfast/ supper/ lunch/ dinner, 中间不能有 当have后面的名词用形容词修饰时,可加冠词。如:

have a big dinner 吃一顿丰盛的正餐

3. I’m sorry to hear that. 听到那件事,我感到很难过。

“I’m sorry+动词不定式”或“I’m sorry +that从句”,是对所做错事的一种歉意或听到不好消息时的一种委婉表达。如:

I’m sorry to be late. 对不起,我迟到了。

I’m sorry (that) you are ill. 你生病了我感到很难过。

4.look well /get well 系动词+adj. Well作为形容词,只能表示身体健康的。

5.表达病情:sb. + have/has+病种.

have a toothache have a backache have a stomachache

have a headache have a cold have a fever

have a cough have the flu have sore eyes

6.You should see a dentist. 你应该去看牙医。

用shoud/shouldn't表达建议。should是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,后面跟动词原形,表示有义务和责任,意为“应该”。shouldn’t是其否定形式。

1. 翻译下列句子听到那件事,我感到很难过。

I’m sorry that.

2. .不要看电视看得时间太长了。

Don’t watch TV _______ _______ .

3. 玛利亚背痛,所以她不应该举重东西。

Maria has a backache, so she

heavy things.

4. 你应该多喝开水。

You drink

2. 听到那件事,我感到很难过。

I’m sorry that.

2. .不要看电视看得时间太长了。

Don’t watch TV _______ _______ .

3. 玛利亚背痛,所以她不应该举重东西。 Maria has a backache, so she heavy things.

5. 你应该多喝开水。

You drink

212 Unit 2 Topic 1 Section B

学习目标

1.预习本课单词及词组。

2.复习使用“What’s the matter?/What’s wrong? 及 How are you feeling now? ”询问身体状况。

3.学习使用had better/had better not提出建议。

自学引导

1.小组合作朗读对话1a,并翻译对话内容。

2.小组交流讨论完成1b. 2a,独立完成2b. 2c。

3.在文中找出下列短语,并翻译:

①look pale ② take you to the hospital ③cough day and night ④lie down and rest ⑤drink hot tea with honey ⑥ not so well ⑦drink cold water ⑧eat too much candy 自学检测

根据汉语提示完成句子

1. Because I have a cold, the doctor tells me to (躺下)and have a rest. 2. The nurse should (照看,照顾)the patients. 3. Jim has a bad cold. He (想要)drinking some boiled water. 4. He always has a toothache, so he (一天刷两次牙)。

重点分析

1. You look pale. 你看起来气色不好。

look是系动词,后跟形容词pale做表语,构成系表结构。如:

You look young. 你看起来很年轻。

2.You’d better go to see a doctor. 你最好去看医生。

had better do sth. 最好做某事,表示劝告或建议。否定形式是had better not do sth.最好不要做某事。如:

You’d better not go out because it is raining outside. 你最好不要出去了,因为外面正下着雨。

2. I don’t feel like eating. 我不想吃东西。

feel like 意为“想要”,通常后跟动名词。如:

He feels like drinking whenever he is excited. 他一兴奋就想喝酒。

【链接】近义词组 want to do sth.; would like to do sth.

3. You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下来休息。

lie为动词,意为“躺”,它的过去式是lay,过去分词是lain, 现在分词是lying.

4. You should take good care of your eyes. 你应该保护好你的眼睛。

care n. 照顾,照料。take good care of 细心照顾/照料 如:

You must take good care of your mother. 你必须好好照顾你的妈妈。

【链接】同义词组:look after; care for 如:

She is looking after the dogs. 她在照看这些狗。

She cared for her father all through his long illness.她在她父亲久病期间一直照料着他。 当堂检测

单项选择

1. You walked to long. You a rest.

A. must have B. should had C. should have D. will have

2. You’d better late for class, Jim.

A. won’t be B. not be C. not to D. don’t be

3. You shouldn’t work so long because work is bad for your health.

A. too much B. too many C. many too D. much too

4. He down and rested before ten o’clock last night.

A. lie B. lay C. lied D. lying

5. The little boy has only eight now.

A. tooth B. teeth C. tooths D. toothes

213 Unit 2 Topic 1 Section C

学习目标

1.预习本课单词及词组。

2.学习病人和医生之间的交际用语。

3.学习如何用英语写请假条。

自学方法

4. 小组合作朗读对话1a,并翻译对话内容。

5. 小组交流讨论完成 2,独立完成1b. 3。

6. 在文中找出下列短语,并翻译:

①don’t worry ②check it over again

③take these pills ④two pills each time

⑤three times a day ⑥move your leg too much

⑦follow the doctor’s advice ⑧ask for two week’s leave 自测

用所给词的适当形式填空。

1.—What do the two people in white clothes do?

—Oh, they are _______ (dentist).

2. Do you want a _______ (boil) egg for breakfast?

3. Follow the dentist’s _______ (advise), and you’ll get well soon.

4. Take care of your_______(tooth) or you’ll have a toothache.

5. You have a fever, you’d better _______ (lie) down and have a rest.

难点解析

1. Let me check it over again. 让我在检查一遍。

Check over 意为“检查,给??做体检”,属于动词和副词组成的短语,后面若接名词作宾语,名词放在词组中间或后面;若接人称代词做宾语则必须放在中间。如:

The doctor checked me over. 医生给我做了体检。

2. …and don’t worry about your lessons. ……不要担心你的功课。

worry about sb./sth. 担心某人/某物。如:

Don’t worry about me. I’ll be all right. 别为我担忧。我会没事的。

【拓展】be worried about sth./sb. = worry about sth./sb. 担心某事/某人。

如: I’m not worried about her because she can take care of herself. = I don’t worry about her because she can take care of herself.我不担心她因为她能照顾好自己。

3. So I’d like to ask for two week’s leave. 所以我想请两周的假。

(1) ask for sth. 请求;恳求(给予) 如:

You may ask the police for help when you lose your way. 但你迷路的时候,你可以向警察寻求帮助。

(2) a week’s leave. 一周的假; two week’s leave = a two-week leave 两周的假 如: we can only take a two-day (two days) leave. 我们只能请两天的假。

检测

根据汉语意思完成句子。(5分)

1.这个小女孩听从了我的建议,离开了。 and left.

2.—你今天感觉怎么样?

—不是很糟。

—How are you feeling today?

—_______ _______ .

3.露西生病了,她想请三天假。

Lucy fell ill and wanted to ask for 4.你的左脚怎么了?让我给你检查一下吧!

What’s wrong with your left foot? Let me _______ it _______.

当堂自测

1.—I had a backache. I can’t sleep.

—_______

A.Don’t worry. B.Not so well. C.I’m sorry to hear that. D.Why?

2.—Oh, you have a headache and a cough. _______ have you been like this?

—Three days.

A.How long B.How soon C.How often D.How many

3.My hometown is in the south of China. There is _______ rain in spring.

A.many B.lot of C.a lot D.plenty of

4.—I’m afraid you have a cold. You’d better go to see a doctor.

—_______

A.No, I have no time. B.That’s a good idea.

C.It’s very kind of you. D.I’m sorry to hear that.

5.—How are you feeling now?

— I can go to school after lunch.

A. Not so well. B. Even worse. C. Much better. D. I feel terr

214 Unit 2 Topic 1 Section D

学习目标

1.预习本课单词及词组。

2.复习had better, had better not, should, shouldn’t的用法。

自测

根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。

1. You look p_______ today. Are you sick?

2. I caught a f_______ and had to lie in bed.

3. We can learn a lot on the I_______.

4. The box is too heavy. Can you help me l_______ it?

5. His illness was more s_______ than the doctor first thought.

重难点

1. …, but I couldn’t read it until today. ……, 但直到今天我才能阅读它。

Until即可作介词,后接一个时间名词;也可作连词,引导一个时间状语从句,这里是介词。Not?until?意为“直到??才”。

【链接】(1)until用于肯定句,表示“直到??时;到??为止”,主句动词为延续性动词。可以与till互换。

They watched TV until midnight. = They watched TV till midnight.他们看电视一直看到午夜。

(2) until用于否定句,表示“在??之前;直到??才”, 主句动词为非延续性动词。如:

Don’t get off the bus until it stops. 直到车停好才能下车。

【注意】until引导时间状语从句时,主句为一般将来时,从句应 用一般现在时表示将来时。如:I won’t leave until your mother comes back. 你妈妈回来时我才会离开。

2. I’m very sorry to hear that both you and your sister are sick. 得知你和你姐姐都病了,我很难过。

(1) both? and ? 意为“??和??都,既??又??”,当连接两个主语时,谓

语动词用复数。如:

Both you and I were wrong. 你和我都错了。

(2) sick意为“生病的”,可作表语,也可作定语。如:

a sick boy 一个生病的男孩

The old man is sick. 那位老人生病了。

而ill表示“生病的”时常作表语,不作定语。如:

正确: Mr. Zhang is ill today. 张老师今天并病了。

错误: Mr. Wang is an ill man. 王老师是一个病人。

检测

Ⅰ.选出可以代替划线部分的选项

( )1. He has plenty of work to do.

A. lot’s of B. many C. a little D. a lot

( ) 2. I’ A. has B. had C. have D. ate

( A. Let’s B. Why not C. Why don’t D. What about

( A. looked at B. looked after C. looked over D. came over

( ) 5. Liu Fang’ A. look up B. look after C. look into D. look at Ⅱ.单选

1. You should not eat _______ meat. It can make you fatter.

A. too many B. too much C. much too

2. You should take _______ on time, _______ each time, and two times a day.

A. the medicines; three pills B. the medicine; three pills

C. the medicine; three pill D. the medicines; three pill

D. mustn’t D. many to 3. If you have a headache, you _______ lie down for a good rest. A. shouldn’t B. had better not C. had better

4. some pills and you’ll get well.

A. Pick B. Catch C. with D. Take

5.—Oh, it’s late. I must go now.

—It’s raining outside. Don’t leave it stops.

A. when B. after C. while D. until

6. The boy is . Who’d like to look after the boy?

A. sick; ill B. ill; ill C. ill; sick D. well; sick

八年级英语Unit2

221 Topic 2 I must ask him to give up smoking.Section

A

一、学习目标

1.为了保持健康继续学习好的生活习惯。

2.学习有用的单词和短语: article, cause, cancer, give up, throw around, litter, habit, energy, necessary, enough

3. 学习情态动词: must, must not

二、学习过程

1.掌握单词表上单词:From “article” to “enough”

(1)自读、纠错 (2)领读 (3)背记 (4)造句:

It’s ____ __ for us to brush teeth twice a day.

▲注意运用句型:It’s necessary for sb. to do sth.

他不够上学的年龄。

He is not old _______ to go to school.

我们来得及赶到机场。

We have ______ time/time ______ to get to the airport.

▲注意辨别以上两句中enough的位置。

2.听读对话 1a.

3.自读1a,找出重、难点、短语和句型并释疑。

(1).一定不要在阳光下看书

_______________________________

(2).一篇有关吸烟的文章

________________________________

(3).我一定让他戒烟。

_______________________________________.

(4).把它给我父亲看看。

_______________________________________.

链接:带某人参观??

_______________________.

4.1b. Work alone

重点理解、掌握:must, mustn’t, Don’t?, stay up late at night,

put ?into?,throw around?/ throw?around, brush your teeth twice a day.

5.1c巩固提高(must,mustn’t,Don’t?)

6.2a. Look listen and say: Healthy habits

▲注意“动词-ing”作主语的句子,加以记忆!

7. 2b Group work

三、课堂测评

单项选择

( )1.—Watching TV too much _______ bad for your eyes.

—I’ll go to bed right away.

A. is B. are C. was D. be

( )2.—If you feel _______, you should go to school.

A. bad B. worse C. better D. good

( )3.—How often do you exercise?

—_______

A. Less than three times a week. B. More than 10 hours.

C. From one thirty to three. D.I often do it.

( )4._______ necessary for us _______ English well.

A. This is; to learn B. It’s; to learn C. It’s; learn D. That’s; learn

( )5.If you eat _______ food and take _______ exercise, you’ll keep healthy.

A. more; more B. less; less C. more; less D. less; more

( )6.—Humans can’t live _______ air.

—I agree with you.

A. without B. with C. in D. for

( )7.—I can’t keep myself active during the day.

—You _______ take more exercise.

A .must not B. must be C. need to D. may be

( )8.This article says _______ is bad for our lungs.

A. smoke B. to smoke C. smoked D. smoking

( )9.You had better ask your brother _______ playing computer games. It’s bad for him.

A. to give up B. not to give up

C. to give it up D. not give it up

( )10.You _______ walk across the road. It’s dangerous.

A. may not B. don’t have to C. must not D. needn’t

( )11.Tom must______at home.

A.is B.be C.\ D.go

八年级英语导学案

222 Unit 2 Topic 2 Section B

一、 学习目标:

1. 继续学习情态动词的用法。

2. 重点的单词及句型。

3. 练习学生们阅读能力,及其养成良好的生活习惯。

二、 重点知识:

1. 在含有must的一般疑问句中,肯定回答用must,否定回答mustn't,而用needn't , don't have to.

2. 拓展情态动词:can、 should、 may 、much、 could 、had better等词。

三.练习题:

( )1.Health is very important to us. We should eat more vegetables and fruit in stead of ____ rich food.

A. too much B. much too C. very much D. too many

( )2. You should ask your father to give up ____.

A. smoke B. to smoke C. smoking D. smokes ( )3. ____ we know, food gives us energy.

A. Of B. For C. As D. Like

( )4. ____ is necessary ____ us to learn English well.

A. This, for B. That, to C. We, to D. It, for

( )5. The germs can get ____ the human body ____ the mouth.

A. on, across B. into, though

C. on, through D. into, across

( )6. You look tired. You __ go to bed early and ____ stay up late.

A. should, should B. shouldn’t, shouldn’t

C. shouldn’t, should D. should, shouldn’t

( )7. - ____ I go home now?

- No, you ____. You ____ finish your homework first.

A. Must, mustn’t, must B. May, can’t, need

C. Can, can’t, must D. Can, mustn’t, had to ( )8. This room is ____, but it doesn’t have ___.

A. enough big, enough windows

B. big enough, windows enough

C. enough big, windows enough

D. big enough, enough windows

( )9. -Watching TV too much ____ bad for your eyes. - I’ll go to bed right away.

A. be B. are C. is D. was

( )10. Which habit is bad for your health?

A. Going to bed early. B. Washing hands before meals.

C. Doing morning exercises. D. Keeping long fingernails.

223-224 Unit 2 Topic2 Section C and Section D

学习目标:

1.继续学习情态动词should/shoudn’t 和 must/mustn’t的用法。

2.重点的单词及句型。

3.练习学生们阅读能力,及其养成良好的生活习惯

重点知识 :

短语:.for a long time 很长时间

on an empty stomache 空腹

get into --- through--- 通过---进入---

keep the air clean and fresh 保持空气清新

wash hands before meals 饭前洗手

as we know众所周知

句型:

1. Something is wrong with ------- ---有毛病(病)

2. Different foods help us in different ways不同的食物对我们有不同的作

用. in different ways.译为“用不同的方式”。

If we eat too little or too much food-----如果我们吃太少或太多食物------

little 少得几乎没有,表否定,修饰不可数名词。 a little有一些,表示肯定,修饰不可数名词。

与 little ,a little类似的用法的还有 few, a few 。 few少得几乎没有,表否定,修饰可数名词。 a few有一些,表示肯定,修饰可数名词。

3. Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health. 散步是很好的锻炼,它是身体健康必不可少的。

be necessary for----对--------来说是必不可少的 如:

Sunshine is necessary for our life.阳光对于我们的生活来说是必不可少的。 Food is necessary for life.食物是生命所必需的。

Ⅰ.单项选择

( ) 1. — ____ wrong with him?

— He ____ a backache. A. How’s; have A. needn’t to

B. What’s; have B. didn’t need to

C. What’s; has C. needed to

D. How’s; has D. didn’t need

( ) 2. The doctor said he ____ take any medicine.

( ) 3. Well, if you take this medicine ____, you’ll be better soon.

A. third time one day C. third time a day

B. three times a day D. three times every day

( ) 4. — Must I finish my homework before I go home?

— No, you ____. But you ____ finish it before two. A. mustn’t; must C. needn’t; must

B. must; mustn’t D. needn’t; mustn’t

( ) 5. — I have a toothache.

— You should ____. A. drink lots of water C. see a dentist A. feeling

B. take a rest D. have a good sleep

D. to feel

( ) 6. Who made Tom ____ so tired?

B. feels

C. feel

( ) 7. — What are your hobbies?

— I enjoy ____ coins and stamps. A. collect

B. collecting

C. to collect B. an active; active D. an active; an active C. stays

D. Stayed

D. collected

( ) 8. Jane is ____ girl, she often takes ____ part in the school’s activities.

A. active; active C. active; an active A. Stay

( ) 9. ____ up late at night is bad for your health.

B. Staying

( ) 10. — ____ do you clean the classroom?

— Three times a day. A. How long A. you

B. How often B. your

C. How soon C. yourself

D. How many D. yourselves

( ) 11. Help ____ to some fish, children.

( ) 12. — I’m afraid I have to leave a little earlier. My mother is ill in bed.

— ____ I hope she will be all right soon. A. It’s nothing.

B. Nothing. D. So she is.

C. I’m sorry to hear that. — ____

A. Sure, here you are. C. OK, I’d love to. A. Why don’t C. Why not

B. No, you’d better not. D. Yes, you can. B. Why are you D. Why you don’t

( ) 13. — May I look at your new dress?

( ) 14. You look pale. ____ have a good rest?

( ) 15. — Hello, is Billy in?

— Sorry, he isn’t in, ____ A. Billy, here is a call for you. C. go ahead, I’ll give him a message.

B. can you take a message? D. Billy, get the call

八年级英语上册导学案

231-232 Unit 2 Topic 3 Section A and Section B

一、学习目标: 1.学习情态动词。 2.学习写留言条。

3.培养学生写作能力及小组协作能力。

二、重点知识:

1. Keep away from 远离-------,后接名词、代词或动名词。 Keep-------away from 让---远离---

2. spread v. 传播。例如:

The news soon spread through the town.

消息很快传遍了全城。

3. 在含有must的一般疑问句中,肯定回答用must,否定回答

mustn't,而用needn't , don't have to.

4. examine v. 检查,诊断。例如:

The doctor examined her carefully and found her in good health.

医生对她作了仔细检查,发现她非常健康。

拓展词汇

Check over 检查

Check in 在旅馆登记住宿;报到;签到

eg. Have you checked in at the hotel yet?

你在旅馆登记住宿了吗?

Check out 结帐离开,检验无误;核实

eg. Guests must check out before noon.

客人必须在中午前结帐离开

三、练习题:

1 . hurry up ____________ 2 . go ahead ____________ 3 . take one’s advice ____________

4 . all the time ____________

5 . keep away from ____________

6 . right now ____________

7 . ring sb up ____________

8. leave a message ____________

9上网 ____________

10.拥挤的地方____________

( )1.—Hello! May I speak to Mary?

—_______

A.I’m Mary. B.Mary is me.

C.This is Mary speaking. D.I’m speaking.

( )2.My mother asked you _______ when you come back.

A.ring up her B.ring her up C.to ring up her D.to ring her up

( )4.—May I ask you some questions, Dr. Wang? —_______

A.You’re welcome. B.Sure, go ahead.

C.No, I’m busy. D.Yes, you must.

( )5.—Must I take part in the activity?

—No, you _______. You’re too young. You should look after yourself.

A. mustn’t B.don’t C.can’t D.don’t have to

仁爱版八年级(上)英语

Unit 2 Keeping Healthy

233-234 Topic 3 Section C and Section D

一、重点单词

1. spread v. 传播。例如:

The news soon spread through the town. 消息很快传遍了全城。

Word spread quickly about the accident. 关于这个事故的传闻不胫而走。

2. examine v. 检查,诊断。例如:

The doctor examined her carefully and found her in good health.

医生对她作了仔细检查,发现她非常健康。

3. save v. 救,节约。例如:

They fought bravely and saved the country.

他们勇敢战斗,挽救了这个国家。

Children should learn to save. 小孩要学会节约。

4. hate v. 恨,讨厌。例如:

Some people hate working in early morning. 有些人不喜欢清晨工作。

I hate women smoking. 我不喜欢女人抽烟。

二、重点词组

1. go ahead 开始干吧,干下去。例如:

---May I start? ---Yes, go ahead. 我可以开始了吗? 好, 开始吧。

---Will you do me a favour? ---Go ahead.请帮我个忙好吗?说吧。

2. take care of oneself= look after oneself 照顾好自己。例如: You should take care of yourself. 你应该照顾好自己。

三、重要句型

1. ---Hi, may I ask you a question? --- Sure go ahead.

2. ---What we should do to fight SARS? ---We must have healthy food.

3. ---Hello! Could I speak to Dr. Lee Yuping, please?

---I’m afraid he’s busy right now.

4. Please tell my father to take care of himself.

5. ---How did you spend your time at home?

---I taught myself on the internet.

6. He took an active part in the battle against SARS.

7.---Must we keep the windows open all the time? ---No, we don’t have to.

四、主要语法

1. must 与have to的区别:

1)must着重说明主观看法,而have to比较强调客观需要。例如:

We must study hard. 我们必须努力学习。

There was no bus, so they had to walk home.

没有公共汽车了,因此,他们只好走路回家。

2)have to可以用于更多时态。例如:

We had to be there at ten. 我们得在10点钟到达那里。 We’ll have to do it again. 我们将不得不重做一次。

2. 情态动词could的用法:

1)表示许可。例如:

He asked if he could smoke in the hall. 他问可不可在大厅里吸烟。

2)表示可能性。例如:

He said he couldn’t agree any more. 他说他再同意不过了。 检测

一、根据句意用适当的反身代词完成句子。

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6. Boys and girls, please help ____________ to some fish. Last Sunday, we enjoyed ____________ in the park. The boy is too young to look after _____________ at home. I see _____________ in the mirror(镜子). They _____________ told me this interesting story. The little monkey said to _____________, “What should I do?” 二、单项选择。

( )1. The trees _________ all the year round.

A. is green B. turn green C. stay green D. looks green

( ) 2. Please _______ me the truth. Maybe I can help you.

A. speak B. tell C. talk D. say

( ) 3. Watching TV helps us open our mind. _______, it is also bad for our health.

A. Because B. So C. And D. On the other hand

( ) 4. You must do your homework ________.

A. for yourself B. by you C. all by yourself D. to yourself

( ) 5. Smoking is bad for our health. So we must say ______ it.

A. yes to B. no to C. sorry to D. hello to

311 Unit 3 Topic 1 Section A

学习目标

1.预习本课单词及词组。

2.学习使用enjoy, like, love, prefer, be interested in, be fond of表达自己的兴趣爱好。

自学方法

3.小组合作朗读对话1a,2a并翻译对话内容。

4.小组交流讨论完成1b. 2b.4;独立完成3。

5.在文中找出下列短语,并翻译:

①在你的空闲时间___________________ ②去钓鱼_____________ ③我最大的爱好___________________ ④喜欢读连环画_______________________

⑤一个影迷_____________ ⑥常去电影院_____________________________ ⑦租影碟_________________________ ⑧做些户外活动______________________________⑨听着不错___________________________ ⑩需要改变一下__________________

自测

根据句意及首字母提示补全单词

time.

2. —? —Yes, he likes listening to music.

them.

many famous persons in plays.

to do more exercise.

语法重点

1. What do you often do in your spare time? 你在空闲时间常做什么?

spare adj.空闲的、多余的、剩余的。 spare time(空闲时间) = free time, 此句中的介词短语in your spare time也可换为由when引导的时间状语从句,完整形式为:

What do you often do when you have time? =What do you often do in your free time?

2. Why not go out and do some outdoor activities? 为什么不出去做一些户外活动? do outdoor activities 做户外活动 【链接】in door activities 做室内活动 如: I like doing indoor activities. 我喜欢做室内活动。

3. Maybe I need a change. 或许我需要改变一下。

(1) need意为“需要”,即可做实义动词,也可做情态动词。做实义动词时,有人称

和数的变化,后跟动词不定式形式;做情态动词时,无人称和数的变化,后跟动词原形。如:

He need go to school now. 他现在该去上学了。(做情态动词)

He needs to do some shopping. 他需要购物了。(做实义动词)

(2) change n. (通常指有趣的或令人愉快的)转变,变换 如:

Let’s go out to a restaurant for a change.. 我们换换口味,到饭店去吃吧。

【拓展】change作名词时还有“零钱”的意思,作动词时有“变化、改变”之意。如: Here is your change. 找你零钱。 Nobody can change him. 没有人能改变他。

4. I enjoy dancing to music. 我喜欢伴着音乐跳舞。

(1) 除了enjoy之外,like, love, prefer, be interested in, be fond of等都可以接名词、代

词或动名词,表示喜欢做某事,他们有以下区别:

① 在含义上:love比like在表达喜爱程度上更深;enjoy表达喜欢时,更侧重“从

中享受乐趣”;而be interested in则表示“对??感兴趣”;prefer表示“两者比较之下更喜欢”;be fond of 相当于like,表示喜欢。

② 在用法上:love, like和prefer除了都可以接名词、代词、动名词之外,还可

以接动词不定式。而enjoy, be interested in, be fond of则只能接名词、代词、动名词。

(2) dance to… 伴着……跳舞;跟着……跳舞 如:

The children are dancing to the beautiful songs happily. 孩子们正在伴着优美的歌曲快乐的跳舞。

5. Walk a pet dog. 遛狗。 walk在这里是“牵着动物走,遛”的意思。如:

My father often walks a pet dog after supper. 我父亲经常在晚饭后遛狗。

当堂自测

一、句型转换 (对画线部分提问)

_______ do you often _______ in your spare time? (对画线部分提问) _______ _______ you like playing computer games?

3. I enjoy listening to music.(同义句转换) I am _______ _______ listening to music.

4. She likes reciting poems. (同义句转换) She of reciting poems. 二、单项选择

( ) 1. Wang Yanbo’s mother is fond of _______.

A. collect stamps B. collecting stamps C. collection stamps D. collected

stamps

( ) 2. Why _______ go out for a walk after supper?

A. don’t B. didn’t C. not D. doesn’t

( ) 3. I like , but today I don’t like .

A. reading; reading B. reading; to read C. to read; reading D. to read; to read

( ) 4. —Does he often go hiking on weekends?

—Yes, he loves .

A. do in door activities B. doing in door activities C. doing outdoor activities

总结——反思

312 Unit 3 Topic 1 Section B

学习目标

1.预习本课单词及词组。

2.学习used to结构的句型和enjoy, like, love, prefer, be interested in+动名词结构

3.学习用这两种结构谈论自己过去和现在的爱好。

自学方法

4.小组合作朗读对话1a,2a并翻译对话内容。

5.小组交流讨论完成1c. 3;独立完成1b.2b。

6.在文中找出下列短语,并翻译:

① 很有趣____________ ②从…中了解到很

多….________________________

③be of great value____________ ④过去常常做某事 ________________ ⑤收藏油画__________________ ⑥明星的照片____________________ ⑦听摇滚乐______________________ ⑧对油画了解不多___________________ 预习自测

根据句意及首字母提示补全单词

1. Could you please tell me you e-mail a ?

.

a room.

4. He doesn’ music. He thinks it’s too noisy.

重点分析

1. Hi. Pleased to see you! 你好,见到你很高兴!

pleased adj. 高兴的,满意的(常指人的心情) 如:

She was so pleased that she jumped like a child. 她高兴的像孩子似的跳了起来。 Pleased to see you. = Glad/ Happy/ Nice to see you.

2. Collecting stamps must be great fun! 收集邮票一定很有趣!

must be 表示对现在所发生的事情的肯定推测,意为“一定,肯定”,表示否定推测时,用can’t/ couldn’t, 意为“不可能”。如:

He isn’t in his bedroom. He must be in the study. 他没在卧室。肯定在书房。

His room is dark. He can’t watch TV at home. 他的房间没有灯光,他不可能在家看电视。

3. We can also learn a lot of people, places, history and special events from stamps. 我们还

可以从邮票上了解许多人文、地理、历史和特殊事件的知识。

learn…from… 从……学习…… 如:

We can learn a lot new things from the Internet. 我们可以从网上学到许多新东西。

4. Some of them are of great value. 一些(邮票)非常有价值。

(1)some of 意为“……中的一些”,若后面接的是可数名词,谓语动词用复数;若后面接的是不可数名词, 谓语动词则用单数。如:

Some of the paintings are from Canada. 其中一些画来自加拿大。

Some of the chicken goes bad. 有一些肌肉坏了。

(2) be of great value = be very valuable 非常有价值

be of + 抽象名词 = be + 形容词

5. I used to enjoyed listening to rock music, …… and telephone cards. 我过去喜欢听摇滚

音乐,但现在我爱收集邮票和电话卡。

used to 的否定式和一般疑问句句型有两种形式:

否定形式: didn’t use to 一般疑问句: Did… use to…?

Usedn’t to Used… to…? 如:

He didn’t use to drink beer. / He usedn’t to drink beer. 过去他不常喝酒。

Did he use to play basketball? / Used he to play basketball? 过去他常打篮球吗?

6. My interests are changing all the time. 我的爱好一直在改变。

interest = hobby interest当“兴趣,爱好”讲时是可数名词。当“引人关注的性质,趣味,吸引力”讲时是不可数名词。如:

He was a man of wide interests. 他是个有广泛业余爱好的人。

There are many places of interest in Beijing. 北京有许多名胜古迹。

7. Do you share my interests? 你和我有共同的爱好吗?

share v. 分享;与某人有共同的看法,经历,感受等。

自测

一、翻译下列句子

1. 小心!这些旧书很贵重。____ __________! These______ books_____ ______ _____ 2. 他过去常常起床很晚。 He _________ _________ _________ __________ __________.

3. 他的爱好是听摇滚音乐。His hobby _________ ___________ _________ rock music.

4. 她喜欢吃像薯条那样的快餐。She likes _____ _____ _______ ________ _________ ______.

二、单项选择

1. —What’s your hobby?

—I _______ listen to music, but now I enjoy dancing.

A. am used to B. used to C. am used D. use to

2. I have an _______ reading book. Are you _______ in it?

A. interesting; interesting B. interesting; interested

C. interested; interesting D. interested; interested

3. This is an old stamp. It is great value.

A. of B. with C. on D. in

4. It’s time for my brother to work. He be at home now.

A. must B. mustn’t C. can’t D. couldn’t

回顾——总结——反思

313 Unit 3 Topic 1 Section C

学习目标

1.预习本课单词及词组。

2.进一步学习used to do sth结构;并了解爱好对人们身心健康的影响。

自学方法

3.小组合作朗读对话1a,3a并翻译对话内容。

4.小组交流讨论完成1b. 3b.;独立完成2。

5.在文中找出下列短语,并翻译:

①在暑假_________________ ②在池塘里游泳________________________________ ③教你游泳________________________ ④在我房前______________________ ⑤真聪明!_______________⑥在网上聊天_____________________________

⑦在他们的日常工作之后_______________________⑧养宠物_________________ ⑨随着音乐跳舞_____________________ ⑩给人们带来快乐___________________ 预习自测

根据句意及首字母提示补全单词

1. He often goes swimming during summer v_______.

2. —Who taught you to swim?

—N_______. I taught myself.

we can’t do things well, so we must study hard.

.Please don’t tell others.

is deep.

重点分析

1. What did you use to do in the summer vacation? 你过去在暑假常常做什么? in the summer vacation = during the summer vacation 在暑假

2. Nobody. I taught myself. 没有人(教)。我是自学的。

(1) nobody相当于not anybody, 作不定代词,意为“没有人,无人”。Nobody作主语

时视为单数。如:

There is nobody in the room. = There isn’t anybody in the room. 屋里没有人。

(2) taught为teach的过去式,teach常用于以下短语:

3. teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事 如:Our teacher teaches us to study knowledge. teach sb. sth. 教某人某事 如:Mr. Zhang teaches us Chinese. Teach oneself = learn… by oneself 自学 如:He taught himself English. People usually do what they like in their spare time. 人们通常在业余时间做他们喜欢做

的事情。

what they like---他们所喜欢的事(在句中做do的宾语) what意为:所…的

如:She used to buy what she likes in the supermarket. 她过去常常在超市买她所喜欢的东西。

4. on the Net 他们养宠物,上网聊天或收集东西,如硬币、洋娃娃或邮票。

(1) keep v. 饲养, keep pets 养宠物 如:They keep cows(牛) on their farm.

【拓展】keep的其他用法

① 保留、保存keep sth. for + 时间段 如:How long can I keep the book?

② 保持某种状态 keep sb./sth.+形容词

如:We must keep our room clean and tidy. 我们必须保持卧室干净、整洁。

③ 使某人持续做某事keep sb. doing sth.

如:She kept me waiting for a long time. 她让我等了很长时间。

④ 坚持做某事 keep on doing sth

如:If you keep on working hard, you’ll make a great progress. 如果你坚持努力工作,你会取得很大的进步。

(2) such as 例如,像 用来列举同类事物中的几个。

如:I like eating fruit, such as apples and oranges a lot. 我非常喜欢吃水果,例如苹果、橘子。

自测

Ⅰ翻译下列句子

1. 人们很少在业余时间做他们所不喜欢的事。

People seldom do in their .

2. 这本书你可以借两周。You can _________ the book ______ _______ _________.

3. 很抱歉让你等了这么久。I’m sorry for _________ you __________ _____ ________.

4. 屋子里面很热。让窗户开着吧。_______ hot indoors. _________ the window ___________.

5. 汤姆非常喜欢吃中餐,例如:四川菜、河南菜、湖北菜。

Tom likes Chinese food, ____________ Sichuan food, Henan food, Hubei food a lot. Ⅱ.单项选择

1. His mother taught him _______ and read.

A. write B. writing C. to write D. writes

2. Hobbies can _______ us happiness, friendship and knowledge, so we have hobbies.

A. get B. take C. took D. bring

3. I am learning English by myself. Nobody me.

A. help B. helps C. helped D. helping

4. I get up early and take an hour's walk before breakfast.

A. use to B. used C. used to D. using to

回顾——总结——反思

314 Unit 3 Topic 1 Section D

学习目标

1.预习本课单词及词组。

2.学习使用形容词描述自己的宠物,学会真爱小动物。

自学方法

3.同录音完成1a。

4.小组交流讨论完成1b.;独立完成2。

5.在文中找出下列短语,并翻译:

①他皮肤的颜色_______________________________ ②洗澡__________________ ③带他出去散步_____________________ ④就像一个小朋友________________________

自测

根据句意及汉语提示填空。

___ (知识) on TV.

____ (绘画)?

愚蠢的).

丑陋的), but his heart is very kind and beautiful.

日常的) work.

重点分析

1. I keep him in the house.

he, she 一般只用来代替人,也可代替雄性或雌性动物。注意:指“祖国”要用she/her. 如:I have a small cat, she is one year old. 我有一只小猫。她一岁了。

2. He likes water and I often help him take a bath in the pond behind my house. 他喜欢水,我经常在我家后面的池塘里帮他洗澡。

take a bath = have a bath 洗澡

3. He doesn’他不介意它们是好的还是坏的。

(1)whether … or not 意为“是…还是;不管…还是”如:

Please tell me whether you will go with me or not. 请告诉我你是和我一起去还是不去。

(2)whether引导宾语从句时通常可以和if互换,意为“是否”,当它和or not连用时,不能与if互换。如:

I don’t know whether/ if he will come. 我不知道他是否会来。

I don’t know whether he will come or not. 我不知道他是否要来。

4. What does it look like? 它长得像什么样子?

look like “像” 如:What does Tom look like?

当堂自测

单项选择

1. I don’t know _______ he will come or not tomorrow.

A. that B. when C. what D. whether

2. Our English teacher is _______ and never _______ to us, so we like her very much.

A. funny; friendly B. funny; unfriendly C. fun; friend D. fun; unfriendly

3. Wu Rui likes keeping clean very much. She _______ a bath twice a week.

A. takes B. take C. have D. washes

4.—?

—I am tall and fat.

A. look like B. looks like C. look well D. look good

5. I prefer basketball to model planes.

A. to play; make B. playing; making C. playing; make D. play; make 回顾——总结——反思

321-324 仁爱英语八年级学案

Unit 3 Topic 2

一、知识目标

【重点短语】

go to a concert去听音乐会

at the concert在音乐会上

It sounds great 听起来很棒

give the concert 举行演唱会

at the Music Hall 在音乐厅

come with sb.和某人一起来

take lessons上课

What a pity! 多遗憾啊!

lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb.借给某人某物

borrow sth. from sb.向某人借某物

come on来吧!

musical instruments 乐器

play the guitar/ drums/ violin/ piano/ erhu/ …演奏吉他/鼓/小提琴/钢琴/二胡/… learn to do sth. 学会去做某事

classical/ pop/ folk music

古典/流行/民族音乐

rock music摇滚乐

country music乡村音乐

piano / violin music钢琴/小提琴曲

types of music音乐的种类

everyday life日常生活

be famous for…因…而著名

just so-so = so-so 一般般

one of +最高级+ 名词复数… …之一

rock bands 摇滚乐队

in the fall of… …(年)的秋天

form a band = set up a band 组建一个乐队 continue (to do )doing sth.

= go on doing sth. 继续做某事 make music制作音乐

close friends 亲密的朋友

all over the world

= around the world 全世界

date of birth 出生日期

pay for…为…付钱

spend + 时间/金钱+ on sth. / (in)ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事 teach sb. to do sh.教某人去做某事 be fun for sb. 对某人来说有乐趣 make sb. + adj. 使某人…

among young people在年轻人中 doing sth. (时间/钱) (做)某事花费

【主要句型】How exciting!多刺激啊!

1. Whatsweet music! 多甜美的音乐!

2. It's hard to say. 很难说

3. I don't mind it. 我不介意【语法知识】 感叹句

How 、what 都可以引导感叹句,具体句型有:

1) What + a/ an+形容词+可数名词单数+主语+ 谓语!

2) What +形容词+不可数名词+主语+ 谓语!

3) What +形容词+可数名词复数+主语+ 谓语!

4) How +形容词(副词)+主语+谓语!

例如: ① What a lovely dog it is! 多可爱的一只狗啊!

② What bad weather!真糟的天气啊!

③ What beautiful flowers ! 多美的花啊!

④ How carefully! 真细心!

注意:how/ what 引导的感叹句有时可以互换,

例如:What an interesting story it is!===How interesting the story is!

二、典型例解

( )1.The music _______ beautiful.

A. looks B. feels C. hears D. sounds

分析:D 这句话属于主系表结构,要选连系动词,可排除C,而A、B

又不能与music搭配。故选D。

( )2.—Jane, can you play _______ baseball?

—No, I can’t. But I can play _______ violin.

A. the; the B./; the C./; /

D. the; / 分析:B球类前不能加任何冠词,在乐器前必须加定冠词the,故选B。

( )3.—How much is it _______ piano lessons?

—It’s¥100. A. of B. in C. to D. for

分析:D此题意为关于钢琴课多少钱,四个词只有for意为“关于”,故选

D。

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( )4.Pop music is _______ music.

A. serious

C. hard B. exciting D. simple

分析:B根据题意可排除A、C、D三项。

( )5.Liu Dehua, Zhou Jielun and Lin Junjie are famous _______ their pop songs.

A. as B. for

C. with D. of

分析:B本题考查固定搭配。be famous for “以……而闻名”,符合题意,而be famous as“作为……闻名”,不符合题意,其余介词不与be famous搭配。

( )6.They _______ some books from the library last week.

A. lent B. lends

C. borrowed D. buy

分析:C从last week可知,需选动词的过去式,可排除B、D,且本句表示的是“借入”,故排除A。

( )7.There is going to _______ a football match the day after tomorrow.

A. have B. has

C. host D. be

分析:D考查there is going to be 结构。注意there be结构不能与have(has)同时使用。

( )8.—Hi, Linda. _______ a hot day! Let’s go swimming, OK?

—That’s a good idea!

A. How B. What C./ D. Which

B本题考查感叹句结构:what+a (an)+n.!

( )9.Could you make her _______ her radio? It’s too noisy.

A. to turn up B. to turn down

C. turn up D. turn off

分析:考查make sb. do sth. 结构,动词不定式作宾语补足语时,不带to。 60

从后面too noisy可知,要关掉(turn off)收音机。

( )10.Class was over, but some students continued _______ in the classroom.

A. study B. studied

C. studies D. studying

分析:D 考查continue doing sth. 固定搭配。

三、评价作业

I.词汇

A.根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。

⒈ “How much did you p_____ for your new MP4?” “888 yuan.”

⒉ “What’s the w_______ of the bag?” “Oh, it’s fifty kilograms heavy.”

⒊ It’s a p______ that you missed the wonderful party.

⒋ Will you please l_____ me your electronic dictionary? I want to look up some

new words in it.

⒌ Lin Feng is a m__________ of our school music club. He can play the guitar

very well.

B.用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

⒍ What’s the __________ (high) of the World Trade Center?

⒎ Would you mind ____________ (wait) for me a moment?

⒏ The Changjiang River is one of the __________ (long) rivers in the world.

⒐ How ________ (love) the dog looks!

⒑ Beethoven was a great ____________ (music).

II.单项选择

A.指出能填入相应空白处的最佳答案。

( )⒈ “What do you think of the music?” “It ____ sweet to me.”

A. listens B. hears C. sounds D. looks

( )⒉ I like playing ____ piano and I want to be ____ artist in the future.

A. the; the B. the; an C. / ; an D. a; a

( )⒊ This is a ____ street.

A. 20 meter wide B. 20 meters wide

C. 20-meters-wide D. 20-meter-wide

( )⒋ Xiaofang’s father asked a music teacher ____ the electronic organ.

A. to teach her to play B. to teach her playing

61

C. teaching her to play D. teaching her playing

( )⒌ ____ music is serious music.

A. Pop B. Folk C. Rock D. Classical

B.指出能代替句中划线部分的答案。

( )⒍ A. every day B. everyday C. daytime D. day’s

( )⒎ A. type B. nice C. friendly D. delicious

( )⒏ A. hard B. easy C. hardly D. easily

( )⒐ A. start B. started C. go on D. went on

( )⒑ A. school B. busy C. free D. everyday Ⅲ.补全对话

通读对话,然后选择可以填入相应空白处的五个答案。

A:Hi, Ann! Are you free this Saturday?

B:Yes. ____

A:There is going to be a painting show in the museum. ____ B:Painting show? I’d love to. ____ When will it start?

A:____ The museum is a little far from here. Let’s go there by bike. B:OK! ____

A:See you!

A. How shall we go there? B. It’ll start at 8:00 in the morning.

C. See you then! D. Would you like to go with me?

E. I have nothing to do. F. I like drawing a lot.

ⅣA. 根据所给单词和短语, 完成句子

1. what, do, this Sunday evening

62

_____________________________ 2. Pop music, popular, among ______________________________ 3. Song Zuying, be famous for, folk songs _________________________________ 4. his father, ask, teacher, teach, play the piano ____________________________________ 5. think, play the drums, exciting

_____________________________________

B. 根椐表格内容用英语写一篇短文,介绍著名歌手周杰伦。(15分)

B.

Zhou Jielun is a famous Chinese singer. His English name is Jay Chou. He was born in Hong Kong on Jan. 18, 1979. He is 60 kilograms heavy. He is 175 centimeters tall. His favorite color is red. In his spare time he likes writing songs and doing some sports. His favorite songs are “Qilixiang” and “Listen to Mother”.

63

八上英语331 Unit 3 Topic 3 What were you doing from seven to nine yesterday? Section A导学案

学习目标:

1.掌握Page69—70的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.熟练掌握过去进行时。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列句型。

(1) — What were you doing at this time yesterday?

— I was taking a shower.

(2) — What were you doing from seven to nine yesterday?

— I was learning English.

(3) — Were you playing on the computer?

— Yes, I was./No, I wasn’t.

(4) What was he/she doing at nine o’clock last Sunday morning?

﹝5﹞Hold the line, please. (6) I called you to go to the English corner but nobody answered.

自学引导:

1..自学P69-70的单词。(根据音标拼读,拼写并牢记)

2...预习P118-119的过去进行时。

3.标出重要的短语和句型,疑难点,准备课堂中讨论。

预习自测:

Ⅰ. 单项选择。(10分)

64

( )1.I _______ a museum with my friends at this time yesterday.

A.am visiting B.was visiting C.visited D.will visit

( )2.He is _______ small _______ to school.

A.too; to go B.can’t; go C.too; go D.so; to go

( )3.You are right. We all agree _______ you.

A.to B.for C.of D.with

( )4.It was raining hard _______ I got up this morning.

A.if B.when C.after D.until

( )5. Han Wenda is very funny and he often makes his classmates _______.

A.laughing B.laugh C.to laugh D.laughs

( )6.In the early 1800s, many workers called Monday “_______ Monday”.

A.Blue B.Yellow C.Red D.White

( )7.—You look very sad. What’s wrong?

—Don’t worry. There is _______.

A.something serious B.serious something C.nothing serious D.serious nothing

( )8.Maria didn’t hear me. She _______ with Betty.

A.talks B.is talking C.talked D.was talking

( )9.—Is Kangkang good at English?

—Sure. He _______ a lot of time on it every day.

A.uses B.costs C.spends D.pays

( )10.I feel tired, but I don’t want to stop _______.

A.work B.to work C.works D.working

合作探究:

1.组内讨论解决自学引导的疑难点问题。

2.根据1b、2a的图画进行练习,总结出过去进行时的句子结构。

肯定式 .

疑问式

答语

拓展提高:

情景交际。(5分)

选择正确的句子完成对话,其中有两项多余。

A. What a pity!

B. What about yours?

C. But nobody answered.

D. What did you do yesterday afternoon?

E. What were you doing yesterday afternoon?

F. That’s great!

G. No problem.

A:Hi, Jim. How was your weekend?

B:Wonderful.

65

A:Not bad. I phoned you at five o’clock yesterday afternoon.

B:I was playing ping-pong with my friend at that time. A:I was chatting with my friends on the Internet. We talked a lot about the ways of learning English.

B:Sounds great!

A:Yes. I phoned you and wanted you to join us.

A:One of my friends thinks: first we should practice listening English a lot. Then you speak it out.

B:I quite agree. Please let me know next time.

A: Bye!

仁爱八年级上 332 Unit3 Topic3 SectionB 导学案

学习目标:

1.掌握Page71-72的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列短语、句型。

agree with sb.同意某人(的话或看法)

so handsome真帅

be angry with sb.生某人的气

make faces做鬼脸

make sb. do sth.让某人做某事

make sb./sth. +adj.使某人/物…

nothing serious 没什么严重的

What was he/she/… doing? 他/她/…在做什么?

What were you doing? 你在做什么?

I agree.=I think so. 我同意

I don’t agree.= I don’t think so. 我不同意

it is pleasant to do sth. 做…很愉快

66

Don’t do that again. 别再做那事了

自学引导:

1.自学P71-72的单词。(根据音标拼读,拼写并牢记)

2.预习Section B为课堂展示作准备。

3.标出重要的短语和句型,疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。 预习自测:

I. 词汇

(A) 选择正确汉译英:

( ) 1. 古典音乐 A:Rock music

( ) 2. 摇滚音乐 B:Classical music

( ) 3. 民间音乐 C:Folk music

( ) 4. 乡村音乐 D:Jazz

( ) 5. 爵士乐 E:Country music

(B) 根据句意及汉语提示写出单词,并用其适当形式填空。

6. __________(收集)stamps is my favorite hobby.

7. He often makes us __________(笑) in class.

8. I was __________(浇)the flowers when my mother came back yesterday.

9. Doing exercise can bring us happiness and __________(放松)。

10. I am very happy to make __________(朋友) with you

合作探究:

3. 组内讨论解决自学引导的疑难点问题。

4. 听录音,反复朗读课文,讨论一下几个问题,并展示,小组点评。

当堂自测

单项选择

( ) 1. What ______ you ______ when your parents came back?

A. are, doing B. were, doing C. did, do D. do, do

( ) 2. My sister and I ______ English.

A. am interested B. are interesting

C. are interest in D. are interested in

( ) 3. ---What were you doing at 9:00 pm yesterday? ---______

A. I was in the museum. B.I watched TV.

C. I was taking a bath. D. I stayed with my friends.

67

( ) 4.There is going ______ a football match this Friday.

A. to have B. have C. to be D. be

( ) 5. Many students are fond ______ country music in our class.

A. of B. at C. to D. in

( ) 6.I quite agree _____ what you say.

A. to B. with C. on D./

( ) 7.. I enjoy _____ to folk music.

A. listening B. listen C. listened D. to listen

( ) 8.. I am going to______ this weekend with my parents.

A. spending B. take C. do D. spend

( ) 9.. I was doing my homework ______ someone knocked at the door.

A. while B. as C. at D. when

( ) 10..They are going to _______ a new factory in the country.

A. set up B. set C. setting up D. setting

课堂小结

八 上 333 Unit3 Topic3 Section C 导学

学习目标:

1.掌握Page73的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列短语、句型。

spend…on sth. 在…上花费…

spend… ﹙in﹚doing sth.花…做某事

at church 在教堂

holy day 神圣日

be called 被叫做

blue Mondays 蓝色星期一

in the early……的早期

too…to…太…以至于不能…

= not…enough to do sth.

stop doing sth. 停止做某事

solve the problem 解决问题

the beginning of … …的开始

the idea of… …的主意

a two-day weekend 一个两天的周末

68

In the early 1800s, Sunday was the “holy day”.

At one o’clock, everyone stopped working.

自学引导:

1..自学P73的单词。(根据音标拼读,拼写并牢记)

2.预习Section C为课堂展示作准备。

3.标出课文中重要的短语和句型,疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。 预习自测:

( )1.I _______ a museum with my friends at this time yesterday.

A. am visiting B. was visiting C. visited D. will visit

( )2.He is _______ small _______ to school.

A. too; to go B. can’t; go C. too; go D. so; to go

( )3. Han Wenda is very funny and he often makes his classmates _______.

A. laughing B. laugh C. to laugh D. laughs

( )4.In the early 1800s, many workers called Monday “_______ Monday”.

A. Blue B. Yellow C. Red D. White

( )5.—You look very sad. What’s wrong?

—Don’t worry. There is _______.

A. something serious B. serious something

C. nothing serious D. serious nothing

( )6.—Is Kangkang good at English?

—Sure. He _______ a lot of time on it every day.

A. uses B. costs C. spends D. pays

( )7.I feel tired, but I don’t want to stop _______.

A. work B. to work C. works D. working

合作探究:

1.组内讨论解决自学引导的疑难点问题。

2.听录音,反复朗读课文,讨论一下几个问题,并展示,小组点评。

当堂自测

69

句型转换

1. I’m going to 对划线部分提问)

__________ are you going to __________ this afternoon?

2. How about going with me?(改为同义句)

__________ __________ go with me?

3. She used to listen to pop music.(变为疑问句,并作否定回答)

---__________ she __________ to listen to pop music? ---No, he __________. (对划线部分提问)

__________ __________ he living with when his parents were at work?

5. He is only seven. He can go to school.(合并为一句)

He is old __________ to go to school. 对划线部分提问)

__________ __________ do you play football?

课堂小结

八 上 334 Unit3 Topic3 Section D导学案

学习目标:

1.掌握Page75的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列短语、句型。

agree be angry with sb.生某人的气

with sb.同意某人(的话或看法

make sb. do sth.让某人做某事

spend…on sth. 在…上花费…

spend… in doing sth.花…做某事

too…to…太…以至于不能…

= not…enough to do sth.

stop doing sth. 停止做某事

two-day weekend 两天的周末

take photos拍照

Were you playing computer games? Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t.

What were you doing at this time yesterday? I was washing some clothes. 70

自学引导: 复习本话题语法重点及短语句型。

预习自测:

词汇:

(A)根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。

1.Xiang Qiuchi was listening to the r_______ at nine last night.

2.Look at the young man with light hair. He is so h_______.

3.He was taking a s_______ at this time last night.

4.I used to work in a car f_______.

5.—The movie is wonderful.

—I a_______ with you.

(B)根据句意及汉语提示填空。

6.I really enjoy the music. It sounds so _______(令人愉快).

7.I felt very _______(难过), because he hurt my dog.

8.Here’s some _______(有用的) information about travel in Canada.

9.—Do you wash _______(碟子) at home?

—Yes, but not often.

10.The teacher told us a funny story. All the students _______(笑了) happily. 合作探究:

进一步掌握过去进行时的用法:

过去进行时

指的是过去某个时刻正在进行的动作,或表示过去一段时间内的活动或哪个阶段正在进行的动作,通常与at this time yesterday, at nine yesterday, from…to.. yesterday 等连用。 构成:was / were + doing

?肯定句:They were doing their homework when I came in. 我进来时他们在在做作业 。 Lily was watching TV at ten yesterday. 昨天10点钟时,李莉在看电视。 ?否定句:They weren’t doing their homework when I came in .

Lily wasn’t watching TV at ten yesterday.

?一般疑问句及肯定,否定回答

--Were they doing their homework ? Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t.

--Was Lily watching TV at ten yesterday? Yes., she was. / No, she wan’t.

当堂自测:

Ⅰ. 单项选择。(10分)

( )1.I _______ a museum with my friends at this time yesterday.

A.am visiting B.was visiting C.visited D.will visit

( )2.He is _______ small _______ to school.

A.too; to go B.can’t; go C.too; go D.so; to go

( )3.You are right. We all agree _______ you.

A.to B.for C.of D.with

( )4.It was raining hard _______ I got up this morning.

A.if B.when C.after D.until

( )5. Han Wenda is very funny and he often makes his classmates _______.

A.laughing B.laugh C.to laugh D.laughs

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( )6.In the early 1800s, many workers called Monday “_______ Monday”.

A.Blue B.Yellow C.Red D.White

( )7.—You look very sad. What’s wrong?

—Don’t worry. There is _______.

A.something serious B.serious something C.nothing serious D.serious nothing

( )8.Maria didn’t hear me. She _______ with Betty.

A.talks B.is talking C.talked D.was talking

( )9.—Is Kangkang good at English?

—Sure. He _______ a lot of time on it every day.

A.uses B.costs C.spends D.pays

( )10.I feel tired, but I don’t want to stop _______.

A.work B.to work C.works D.working

Ⅱ. 句型转换。(5分) (对画线部分提问) _______ _______ _______ _______ when your mother came back?

12.I think classical music is boring.(改为否定句)

I _______ _______ classical music is boring.

13. My mother was doing the dishes at that time.(同义句转换)

My mother was _______ the _______ at that time.

14.He read a story-book last night.(改为过去进行时)

He _______ _______ a story-book at eight o’clock last night.

15.He wasn’t old enough to go to school. (同义句转换)

He was _______ young_______ go to school.

课堂小结

八英上 411 Unit4 Our World

Topic 1 Plants and animals are important to us.

SectionA

一、学习目标

1、掌握新单词、重要的短语及句子

2、掌握形容词的比较级和最高级的变化规律及用法。

3、培养学生对自然的热爱之情和保护自然地意识。

二、重难点

1.What are you thinking about?

2.Qreener trees,cleaner rivers.

3.I’m the strongest

4.The pig is stronger than you.

5.I’m the biggest of all.

6.I’m much faster than you .

7.I’m a little bigger than you .

三、课前学习导航

1、听磁带并跟读,读准单词并会拼写,能用正确的语音、语调熟读1a。 72

2、结合学习目标,找出1a中关于形容词比较级的短语。

__________________ ____________________

3、结合课后注释及参考书预习本话题的要点知识,形容词的计较级和最高级。 形容词共分为三个等级:_____ ______ _______

形容词的比较级用于______者之间的比较意为更??。它的最高级用于_____者或____者以上的比较,意为最??.

比较级和最高级的规则变化为:

a ___________________________________________

例如:long _______ ________strong ______ ______

b___________________________________________

例如:nice_______ _______fine_______ ________

c___________________________________________

例如:hot_______ _______big________ ________

d___________________________________________

例如:happy_______ _______healthy______ _______

3、预习2a,找出形容词比较级和最高级的句子。看看你可以翻译的准确吗? —————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

四、预习达标检测

单选:

1. This pencil is___ than that one.

A. longest B. long C. longer D. as long

2. These children are ____ this year than t last year.

A. tall B. tallest C. very taller D. much taller

3. Which is___, Li Lei or Wu Tong?

A. strong B. strongest C. stronger D. the strongest

4. Which language is____, English, French or Japanese?

A. easy B. easier C. the easiest o D. much easy

5 Which month is____, June, July or August?

A. hot B. hotter C. hottest D. the hottest

五、课堂互动展示

1、检查交流课前学习情况。

2、依据同学们预习比较级和最高级时发现的问题,质疑解惑。

3、听1a录音,跟读并模仿。

4、听2a录音,提醒注意比较级和最高级的发音,并和同伴做对话表演。

5、小组合作,完成2b,巩固比较级和最高级的规则变化。

6、分组做调查,找出各族中有多数人喜欢乡村,多数人喜欢城市,陈述理由。增强学生们热爱自然、保护自然的意识。

六、考点探究

形容词的比较级和最高级

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同学们通过预习和学习本课,你一定掌握了形容词的比较级、最高级的用法,这个语法内容是重要的考点之一。

形容词比较级常用于“比较级+than”结构中。

如:He is stronger than his sister.

形容词最高级常用于“最高级+of/in+范围“结构中。

如:He is the strongest in the class.

She is the tallest of three.

用所给词的正确形式填空:

1. Lesson 5 is _____(easy) than Lesson 6

2. She is _____(short) than her mother.

3. This mountain is _____ _____(high) in the world.

4. Lilei is _____ ______(young) of four.

常用的不规则变化的形容词的比较级和最高级:

原级------比较级------最高级

good------better------best

many------more------most

much------more------most

bad------worse------worst

far------farther, further------farthest, furthest

七、自我评价与反思

同学们,现在请回顾一下,在这节课上,你都收获了哪些知识?

_______________________________________________________________

仁爱版8年级上 412 Unit 4 Topic 1 Section B导学案

【学习目标】

1. 掌握page79的单词和短语。

2. 自学理解1a的对话并熟背。

3. 通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列重点句型:

1) Which do you like better, plants or animals?

2) I think animals are more interesting.

3) I think roses are the most beautiful of all the flowers.

4) I like cats best because they are cuter than other animals.

5) They give us joy.

6) I like both plants and animals.

4. 全力以赴,高效达标,在合作探究中培养团队协作精神。

【自学指导】

1、自学Page79的单词。(根据音标拼读、拼写单词并牢记)。

2、预习SectionB1a,为课堂展示作准备。

3、标出重要的短语和句型,标出疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。

【自学检测】

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Ⅰ.用所给词的适当形式填空。 1) He is (talk) about the (photo)above with his friends.

(well), plants or animals?

3) I think roses are (beautiful) of all the flowers.

4) I like cats best because they are (cute) than other animals.

5) Animals are our (friend).

Ⅱ.英汉互译。

以?为食 与?分享? ?两者都 in the world play with?【合作探究】

4. 组内讨论解决自学引导中的疑难问题。

5. 听录音分角色表演,完成听力部分。

6. 复习形容词原级、比较级、最高级的变化形式 ,进一步掌握大多数双音节和多音节形容词在前加more和most表示“比较?”和“最?”的用法。如: 原级 比较级 最高级

useful — more useful — most useful

friendly — more friendly — most friendly

interesting — more interesting — most interesting

【同步训练】 用所给形容词的适当形式填空。 1.This room is (big) than that one. 2. That T-shirt looks very (nice). 3. Tom is (tall) of the three boys. 4.Lesson One is (easy)than Lesson Two,but Lesson Two is (interesting).

5. This question is (difficult) than that one.

6. Roses are (beautiful) of all the flowers.

【能力拓展提高】

Ⅰ.用介词填空。 1. Sports are important all the people.

2. Look! The cat is playing a flower in the garden. 3. They sometimes talk their teachers.

4. What’s the most dangerous animal all?

5. If there is no water, what will our world be ?

Ⅱ.单项选择。

( ) 1. These books are than those ones.

A. useful B. most useful C .more useful D. usefuler

( ) 2 .Look! There is a rabbit, two and three in the picture.

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A. cows sheeps B. mice, tiger C. gooses, snakes

D. foxes , wolves ( )3.Which is , the dog or the cow?

A.stronger B.the stronger C.strong D.strongest ( )4.Yao Ming is one of in the world.

A.best player B.the best player

C.best players D.the best players ( )5.Which kind of animal do you like ,the fox,the frog or the snake?

A.good B. well C.better D. best

Ⅲ.根据汉语意思完成句子,每空一词。

1.我们与动物一起分享一个世界。 We the same world animals.

2.蝙蝠在夜间飞行,以昆虫为食。 Bats fly and insects.

3.众所周知,所有的生物对我们都很重要。 ,all the living things are very important to us.

4.汤姆和塞姆都对下棋感兴趣。 Tom Sam are interested in chess.

5.我认为动物比植物有趣的多。 I think animals are than plants.

【课堂小结】

8年级上 413 Unit 4 Topic 1 Section C学案

学习目标:

1.阅读一篇对雨林的介绍性短文。

2.继续学习形容词的比较级和最高级。

学习要求:

1.必会主要生词和短语

cover, surface, meter, dark, forest, control, wood, rubber, protect

fact, in fact, make up, large, lake, sea, ocean, drop, in danger

thousands and thousands of be very important to

be necessary for… can’t live without…

save every drop of water

2.必会主要句型

(1)The plants in the forests help to make the air fresher.

76

(2)But now rainforests are becoming smaller and smaller.

(3)Water makes up the largest part of the human body.

3.Describe nature resource and realize the importance of environment protection:

(1)They also help to control the weather.

(2)The rainforests give us wood, rubber, fruit, medicine and so on.

(3)It is important to all living things.

本节课的学习要点及考点:

1.Rainforests cover 6% of the earth’s surface.

热带雨林覆盖地球表面的百分之六.

百分数的读法:先读基数词,再读百分号%﹝percent﹞6%读作: six percent cover覆盖

Water covers most parts of the earth.

2.Thousands and thousands of animals live in rainforests.千千万万的动物生活在热带雨林.

当hundred,thousand,million,billion等表示不确定的数目,表示一个大概的数量,常用复数形式,后面跟介词of ,意思为,数以百计的,成千上万的,数百万计的,几十亿的.

当这些词与具体数字连用时不用复数形式.

Five hundred,six thousand.

3.Many of them live in the trees over 30 meters from the ground.

Over = more than 多于,超过的意思.

More than/Over 100 students are planting trees.

Less than 少于,不超过

They lived in Shanghai less than a year.

4.In fact,water makes up the largest part of the guman body.

Make up 形成,组成,构成.

Girl students make up only 40% of all the students.

5.We must save every drop of water.

Drop 名词,滴

A drop of water.

还可以当动词,掉下,放弃

A bottle dropped onto the floor.

自学引导:

1.课前预习课本P81—82.

2. .课前预习 同步练习与测试 Unit 4 Topic 1 Section C练习

提高 拓展的练习

I.用所给动词的适当形式填空

1. Yesterday I ____ ( feed) the chickens.

2. I ____ (feel ) much better after I took the medicine.

3. She said she ____ ( visit ) her old school the next day.

4. My parents often tell me ____ ( not spend ) too much time watching TV. 77

5. Mr. Greens ____ ( have supper ) suddenly someone knocked at the door.

6. Neither of the twins ___ ( be ) good at sports.

7. .If you ___ ( not know ) the word, you should ___ (look ) it up in the dictionary.

8. We must stop them from ____ ( throw ) litter into the river.

9. What ___ you ____ ( do ) from eight to ten yesterday morning ?

__ ( sleep ) in the next room. II.句型转换 (画线提问)

———————————————————————

2. while the girl was doing her homework when her father called her up. (同意义句转换)

——————————————————

3. He read a story-book last night. (改为过去进行时)

4. The boy was shopping . The boy saw the “alien” get out.(合并为一个复合句) (画线提问 ) ’s cold in a rainforest. ( 用how often 提问)

课后复习

1、复习课本P81—82.

2、完成 同步练习与测试 Unit 4 Topic 1Section C练习

仁爱八上 414 Unit4 Topic1 Section D 导学案

学习目标:

1.掌握Page83的单词,重点短语及句型。

2.自学理解文章内容。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列句型。

1).They feed on bamboo .

2). Now pandas have less and less land to live on .

3). Pandas are becoming fewer and fewer in number.

4). Whales are the largest and heaviest animals in the world .

5). Now whales are in danger because some humans kill them and make the ocean water dirtier.

6). Chinese tigers live in the south of china.

78

7). Chinese tigers are the oldest type of tigers living in the world .

自学引导:

1.自学P83的单词。(根据音标拼读,拼写并牢记)

2.预习SectionD为课堂展示作准备。

3.标出重要的短语和句型,疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。

预习自测:

根据汉语完成下列句子,一空一词:

1.Pandas (以…为食)bamboo.

2.Pandas are becoming (越来越少)

in number.

3.Whalesare

(最大最重的动物) in the world.

4.Chinese tigers live in (中国的南部).

(世界上现存的)

(处于危险中) now

合作探究:

5. 组内讨论解决自学引导的疑难点问题。

6. 听录音,反复朗读课文,讨论一下几个问题,并展示,小组点评。

1) Why pandas ,blue whales and Chinese tigers are in danger ?

What should we do to protect them ?

2) What kind of animal do you think is the strongest / largest/ smallest ?

3) Where do you like best to live , in the city ,the countryside or the

suburbs ?Why?

4) Why must we save every drop of water ?

5)Why are many animals in danger ?

拓展提高:读P83 第二部分完成“Witten work”

训练案:用方框中所给短语的适当形式填空:

3)Mr Lee knows several languasges , English ,Janpanese and

Chinese.

her parents when she looked at the photo.

5) Elephants land ,but fish live in water.

B. 按要求改写句子,每空一词。

1)Betty is twelve years old, Tony is ten years old .(合并为一句)

Tony is Betty .

7. Kate is the most careful student in our class.(改为同义句)

than student in our class.

8. Which do you prefer ,pandas or tigers ?(改为同义句)

79

,pandas or tigers ?

9. This coat is espensive , That coat is more expensive (合并为一句)

this one

10. If there is no water ,fish can not live (改为同义句)

Fish live water.

C. 单项选择

( small animals .

A spend B pick up C feed on D eat up

( ) 2.I thought Betty was in the garden .but she was in her room.

A instead of B in fact C because of D in public

( ) 3. — Why are so many animals homeless now ?

— Because they have places to live in .

A less and less B more and more

C fewer and fewer D larger and larger

( )4 the hole earth

A Fills in B Fills of C Fill with D fill with

( ) 5 Birds are than insects.

A big B biggest C bigger D the biggest

( ) 6 The Changjiang River is the third in the world .

A longest river B long rivers C longest rivers D long river

( )7 The weather in Kunming is warmer than in Zhengzhou'

A this B these C that D those

( ) 8 you practice , it becomes.

A more easier B The more the easier

C The more easier D More the easier

( ) 9 He of the two .

A tall B taller C the tallest D the taller.

( ) 10 He is taller than in his class.

A other student B other students

C any other student D the other student

八年级英语导学案

421 Unit4 Our World

Topic 2 Are you sure there are UFOs?

Section A

课型:听说课 上课时间: 月 日

一、学习目标

1、学习并掌握I’m sure ?, I’m not sure ?和Are you sure ??句型。

2、谈论机器人。

二、重难点

1、Robots can take the place of humans to do hard or boring work in some situations .

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2、They can also do lots of dangerous work instead of humans .

3、Are you sure ??

4、I’m sure ? .

I’m not sure ? .

三、课前学习导航

1、本课中有许多短语,你能找出来吗?加油!

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————

2、你能举例说出人类有史以来的伟大发明吗?

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————

3、本课是关于机器人的,通过预习你能找出机器人的优缺点吗?

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

四、预习达标检测

(一)根据句意和首字母提示完成单词。

1、Edison was a great s_____, and he invented more than one thousand things .

2、I really want a r_____.It can do a lot of work instead of me .

3、If you get into a difficult s______, don’t wotty . We will help you .

(二)按要求完成下列句子。

1、Robot can take the place of humans to do some dangerous work .

(同义句转换)

Robot can do some dangerous work ____ _____humans .

2、You are right .I’m sure .(合并成一句)

______ ______ you are right .

3、Beijing _____ _____ will Beijing become more beautiful ?

4、We can’t finish the work if he doesn’t help us . (同义句转换)

We can’t finish the work _____ his help .

(三)根据汉语翻译下列句子

1、我们确信机器人能比人类做得更快更好。

We _____ ____ robots can do _____ and _____than humans .

2、如果你有一台电脑,你将用它做什么?

What ____ you use it to ____ _____ you have a computer ?

3、因为出现了机器人,很多人都失业了。

Many people _____ ______ ______ because robots appeared .

五、课堂互动展示

1、检查和交流课前学习情况。

2、引导学生说出自己认为最重要的发明,在对话过程中学习并掌握生词和短语:robot , scientist ,appear ,take the place of ,situation .学习 be sure ?句型。 81

3、学生听1a录音,并跟读。然后完成1b。

4、学生读1a,并找出疑难点,教师讲解1a的重难点。

5、学生分角色朗读1a,并找几组表演。

6、让学生看2的图片,并掌握生词repair, truck, mend .引入2。

7、听2录音,独立完成2。

8、分组讨论,让学生阅读3,综合2和3的信息,让学生分组讨论机器人的优、缺点。完成表格。并根据讨论结果模仿3中的示范,分组编对话并表演。要求学生尽可能多地使用I’m sure?, Are you sure ?? Yes, I am sure ./ No, I’m not sure

六、考点探究

1、take the place of ? 代替,动词词组,相当于take one’s place.

(见重难点句型预览1)

2、instead of 代替,?的替换,后接名词、代词、动词-ing形式。

(见重难点句型预览2)

3、mend和 repair都有“修理,修补”的含义。mend一般用于衣服、鞋袜等小东西,偶尔也用于道路、门窗等;而repair则用于建筑、堤坝、机器、车辆等,两者一般不能互换。

4、job和 work都指“工作”,但“job”是可数名词,work是不可数名词。 e.g. They lost their jobs .

They can’t find work there.

work还可作动词使用。

e.g. They work hard.

5、in 20 years 20年之后,“in +一段时间”表示将来的时间,常与一般将来时连用。而“after +一段时间”则表示过去的时间,常与一般过去时连用。 e.g. He will come back in a week .

My uncle left Beijing after 3 months .

七、自我评价与反思

你对今天的课一定很感兴趣吧,总结一下,你都学到了哪些知识?______________________

422 Unit4 Topic2 SectionB

【学习目标】

1.学习英语中表示猜测语气时的常用语。

2.掌握“while”引导的时间状语从句。

3.以极度的热情和高度责任积极参与,享受学习乐趣,做学习主人。

4.重点:“be sure”句型的用法。

预习案:

【自学引导】

82

自学P87、88页的生单词,预习课文。

A.浏览对话,完成阅读题目。

(做题技巧:跳过生单词,捕捉关键信息,把握文章大意。)

7)Read and answer the following questions:

3. What does the UFO look like ?

4. What is a UFO?

5. Are there UFOs in our lives?

8)Read the conversation again and finish “ ib” “3a” on P87、88.

B.精读课文,找出重点单词,词语,句子,并结合语境猜测其意思。

1.Word:

Plate scientist UFO

lazy information alien

object man—made

2. Phrases:

Living things lose one’s job faster and better get … from mistake … for call for be late for wake up

9)Traslation:

I am sure robots will make humans lose their jobs .

.

I am not sure whether/ if robots will make humans los their jobs.

.

A UFO flew over my head while I was walking toward the bus stop yesterday.

.

C . 我的疑难点:

探究案:

探究一:重点单词

toward Perp. 向,朝 ,对于 He was warm toward her .他对她很热情。

information n. 信息 ,消息 不可数名词

a piece of information 一则消息call for 寻求,需要,号召,提倡

He calls for peace.

探究一随堂练习:根据句意填空,每空一词。

Many children tried to help.

探究二:重难点句子:

(1)A UFO flew over my head while I was walking toward the bus stop yesterday.

昨天,当我走向公交车站时,一个不明飞行物从头顶飞过。

“while "引导时间状语从句时,译为,在?期间,其所引导的从句的 动作是延续性的,并表示和主句的动作同时发生。

(2) I am sure (that) ? 我确信?

I am not sure whether/if? 我不确信是否?

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be sure of/about + n. 表示确信?? ,对??有把握。

(3) It can not be a UFO. 它不可能是UFO.

Can't在这里表示否定的推测,肯定的推测用must.

探究二随堂练习: 1.I am not sure she will go shoping with me tomorrow. 2.She is watching TV I am reading an English book. 3.It be ture , it must be false 4.He is sure his success.

训练案:

A.根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。 1.Sally was walking t the clothes shop when I met her. 2.In fact ,people can only get i about UFOs through Books,movies,radios,the Internet and TV. 3. (事实上),they like to eat dumplings.

B.单项选择。

( her twin sister Lucy.

A .mistakes; as B mistake ; for C mistakes; for D mistake; as

( help when an alien came out of

the UFO. A for B on C at D to

( .

A a job B jobs C works D a work

( ) 5.— —I don't think so.I think it must be plane.

A an; a B a; an C a; a D the; an

423 Unit4 Topic2 SectionC

学习目标:

1、重点学习Internet的作用 2、学习怎样使用字典

学习方法:

A.朗读对话1a,并翻译对话内容; B.在文中找到、划出并翻译下列短语

1.更加美好,容易和有趣________________ 2.例如__________3.买些东西_____________4.不出家门_______________ 5.在网上学习_____________ 6. 84

用互联网找工作______________7.在网上花太多的时间_________________8.看电影______________ 9.下载有用的信息_____________10.这些天来_______________11.非常想念你_______________ 12.在你上一封信里_____________3.一本英汉词典_______________ 14.按照字母表顺序______________15.以..开始___________16.查个单词______________ 17.注意?____________18.单词的首字母________________19.试一试____________ 20.对学习英语有帮助____________21.尽快给我回信_____________

自测:

根据汉语提示完成句子

1.The word “download” (以—开头)the letter“d”.

2.—Can you (给我写信)when you get to Australian? OK. 3. (注意)the cars when you cross the road.

4.—Would you please put it good (整齐地)?

--OK,I will.

重难点分析:

1.We shouldn’t spend too much time on the Internet.

点拨:某人+spend +时间+ on sth.--- 某人在?上花费时间

链接:某人+spend +时间 +in doing sth.--- 某人花费时间干?

对比:It takes +某人 + 时间 to do sth.---某人花费时间做某事

85

2. How is everything going these days?

点拨:这是写信开头的常用语。 还可以说:How time flies!

3. In your last letter, you asked me how to use an English-Chinese dictionary.

思考一:还记得疑问词 + to do 的用法吗?

思考二:last在句子中的意思是:__________; 看例句,复习last 的其

它意思

4.The words in English dictionaries are in alphabetical order. 点拨: in ? order --- 以?的顺序

拓展:in the wrong order____________;以正确的顺序_______________ 练习:请按正确的顺序站成一排。Please ___ in a line ____ ___ _ _ ____.

复习:---May I take your order? ---I’d like some rice with fish

and vegetables. 译:___________________________________

练习:

1.He spends an hour on his homework every day.

= ______________.

2.It took me two weeks to finish the book. = ___________________________________ _______________________________________

86

__________________.

3.The musician spent a long time in writing the famous music. =

.

4.The heavy rain lasted for three days. 译:_______________________________________________

5.That was my last time to ring him up. 译:_______________________________________________

6.They both arrived home late last night. 译:_______________________________________________

424 Unit4 Topic2 SectionD

【学习目标】

1. 复习be sure 结构的用法。

2. 联系相关听力和写作。

3. 培养学生们的学习热情和自主性。

预习案:

【自学引导】

自学P91、92页的生单词,并预习课文。

A.1.迅速浏览对话,完成P91页的“1a”.

做题技巧:建议采用排除法,既快有准确。

2.精读课文,找出重点的单词,短语,句子,并结合语境猜测意思。

87

(1)Word:(译成汉语) Press plug Useless download

(2)Phrases:(译成汉语) Plug in with the help of Sure the Internet from ? to

take the place of fly over

3.我的疑难点: 探究案:

探究一:重点单词

useless 不用的

—less 否定后缀 类似的单词还有:careless

un— 否定后缀 类似的单词还有:unhappy

unhealthy

dis— 否定前缀 类似的单词还有:disable dislike

探究二:重难点句子:

7. We should not spend too much time on the Internet.

我们不该花费太多的时间去上网。

类似当“花费”讲的词还有:cost、 take 、pay for、spend on Sth.

人 + spend + 时间(金钱)物+ cost + (人) +

人+ pay + 金钱 + for +物

It takes + 人 + 时间 + to do Sth.

随堂练习:每空一词.

1. 工人们用了两年时间修建了这座大桥。

(1)The workers two years the

88

bridge.

(2) It the workers two years the

bridge.

2.他花了200万元买了一座漂亮的大房子。

(1)He two million yuan a big

beautiful house.

(2) The big beautiful house him two

million yuan .

探究三:语法:“Be sure”

1.I am sure (that) ? 我确信?

be sure to do Sth. 确信干某事。

Be sure of/about + Sth. 对某事确信。

2.I am not sure whether/if ? 我不确信?

3.Are you sure ?? 你对?确信吗?

Yes ,I am sure./No,I am not sure. 是的,我确信/

不,我不确信。

随堂练习:用所给单词的适当形式或者句意填空。

1.We are sure (repair) the TV well. 2.I am not sure he will leave for England

next Sunday. 3.I am sure you can complete your work.

训练案:

A.单项选择。

( )1.I 10 minutes drawing a dog .

A. spent B.cost C. took D.paid ( ) 2.You'd better our English teacher help.

A.ask; for B.want; for C.tell; about

D.let; to

89

( ) 3.We believe robots can't humans in

the future.

A.take the place of B.instead of

C.take the place D.take place

B.改写句子,每空一词。

1.Are you sure you're right.(做否定回答) ,I'm .

2.I paid 5000 yuan for the computer.(改为同义句) I 5000 yuan the computer.

3.Will robots do all kinds of jobs in the future? I'm

not sure.

(合并为一句) I'm not sure do all kinds

of jobs in

the future.

4.Now farmers use machines to do farm work instead

of horses.

(改为同义句) Now farmers use machines to Horses.

C.自己做个总结,看看这堂课你有哪些收获? 。

仁爱版8年级上 431 Unit 4 Topic3 Section B导学案

【学习目标】

1. 掌握page 93、94的单词和短语。

2. 了解附加疑问句(反义疑问句),并能熟练运用。

3. 通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列重点短语和句型:

90

pull down拆毁(建筑物

learn…from…从…中学到…

there used to be…过去有

It’s a nice day,isn’t it?

Let’s go and have a look, shall we?

【自学指导】

1.自学page 93、94的单词。

2. 预习1a, page 121附加疑问句(反义疑问句)。

3. 标出重要的短语和句型,标出疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。

【语法重点】

反义疑问句(课本page 121)

【预习自测】

句型转换:(10分)

1. There are many beautiful flowers in the garden. (改为反意疑问句) There are many beautiful flowers in the garden, ______ ________ ?

2. It took 100 people to build the building. (改为反意疑问句)

It took 100 people to build the building, ______ ________ ?

3. They don’t like swimming. (改为反意疑问句)

They don’t like swimming, ______ ________ ?

4. Let’s go to the park, ?

5. It’s a fine day, ?

【合作探究】

1. 组内讨论解决自学引导中的疑难问题。

2.听录音分角色表演,完成听力部分

【当堂自测】

情景会话:

A:

B: Yes, it is.

A: Excuse me.

B: Yes, I am.

A: B: I'm sorry. I can't understand.

B: No, I’ m not. I come from France, I'm French.

A: Really? Do you live in town or in the country?

B: In Paris. It's as clean and beautiful as London.

91

A: How interesting! B: Yes. They are more friendly than people think. 从下列方框里选出五个合适的选项补全对话:

A. You are waiting for the bus, aren't you? B. You are not English, are you?

C. They are careful, aren't they? D. It is a beautiful day, isn't it?

E. The people in Paris are friendly, aren’t they? F. You are French, aren't you?-

G. The bus is late, isn't it?

仁爱版8年级上 432 Unit 4 Topic3 Section B导学案

【学习目标】

1.掌握page 95、96的单词和短语。

2.进一步学习附加疑问句(反义疑问句),并能熟练运用。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列重点短语和句型:

They are one of the greatest wonders of the world.

Qin Shihuang, the first emperor of China, ordered his men to make them.

The workers used live models, didn’t they?

It is about 13.7 kilometers long.

4. 全力以赴,高效达标,在合作探究中培养团队协作精神。

92

【自学指导】

1.自学page 95、96的单词。

2. 预习1a, page 121附加疑问句(反义疑问句)。

3. 标出重要的短语和句型,标出疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。

【预习自测】

Ⅰ. 根据句意和首字母提示完成句子。

in the old house and became rich.

2. It’s w that he passed the exam. He didn’t work hard at all.

Palace.

.

. Ⅱ.补全下列附加疑问句。

1. It’s a fine day, ?

2. There are still many old city walls in Beijing, ?

3. Let’s go home and have a look, ?

4. He didn’t go to school, ?

5. Let us have a rest, ?

【合作探究】

2.组内讨论解决自学引导中的疑难问题。

3. 听录音分角色表演,完成听力部分。

【同步训练】

Ⅰ.单项选择。

93

( )1.— He didn’t watch TV last night,

did he?

—He was busy doing homework.

A. Yes, he didn’t. B. No, he did.

C. Yes, he did. D. No, he didn’t.

( ) 2. Lucy, clean the blackboard today, ?

A. don’t you B. didn’t she

C. will you D. doesn’t she

( ) 3.A policeman ordered the driver out of the car.

A get B. getting C. to get D.

got

( )4. He will never forget her first visit to Canada, ?

A. will he B .won’t he C. isn’t he D.

wasn’t he ( ) 5. What a beautiful girl , ?

A. isn’t she B. isn’t it C. isn’t the girl

D. is she ( ) 6. Han Fang is 1.72 meters .

A. long B. high C. tall D. heavy

( ) 7. Let’s go to the park tomorrow , ?

A. will you B. won’t you C. shall we D.

don’t we

94

( ) 8. They must work hard, ?

A. mustn’t they B. don’t they

C. needn’t they D. need they

( )9.It’s a great pity down the old city walls.

A. to pull B. pulling C. pull D. pulled

( ) 10. He seldom plays basketball, ?

A. isn’t he B. is he C. doesn’t D. does he

Ⅱ.从方框中选出适当的句子补全对话(其中两项是多余的)。

A: Excuse me, could you tell me some thing about the Statue of Liberty(自由女神像)? B: 1

A: It’s the culturals relics(文化遗产) of American. 2

B:It’s in New York. A: 3

B: It’s 46 meters high. A: 4

B: It took the workers ten years to build it. A: 5

B: Sorry. That’s all I know about it. Let’s search for more information on the Internet. 95

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

【课堂小结】

八英语 433 Unit4 Our World

Topic 3 The workers used live models, didn’t they?

SectionC

一、学习目标

96

1、学习大数字的读法 。

2、谈论名胜古迹,加深学生对异国文化和祖国文化的了解。

二、重难点

1、Long ago, kings built them as their tombs.

2、It is one of the “Seven Wonders’ of the ancient world.

3、It took about 100 000 people over 20 years to build it.

4、Hufu ordered his men to build the Great Pyramid as his tomb in about 2 560

B.C..

三、课前学习导航

1、听磁带并跟读,学会课本130页词汇表中标有(97)、(98)的单词,要求能够读准音、会拼写、会翻译、知道词性。

2、翻译核心句型并背诵下来

3,听录音1a并跟读。

4、描述秦始皇兵马俑。

四、课堂达标检测

1、阅读理解(填空)

The Pyramids in Mexico

We all know that there are many pyramids in Egypt, but most of us don’t know the people of Mexico in the old times also built pyramids. They didn’t build the pyramids for tombs .They built a pyramid and then build a temple on top of it. The pyramids in Mexico are not as high as the pyramids in Egypt. But they are big .Each pyramid has a wide stairway. There is nothing inside the pyramid, only earth and stones.

Scientists think it took 1000 men more than ten years to build the great pyramids Teotchuacan(特奥蒂亚坎)。It is 2000 years old. On the top they built a temple to the sun. But now the temple is not there.

How did the people of old times build the pyramids? Scientists studied the pyramids, but nobody could judge how they did it.

1、The people of Mexico built a pyramid and they built 2、3、Each pyramid has a wide stairway.

4、People built the great pyramid Teotchuacan 5、Which of the following is TRUE?( )

A. There are pyramids only in Mexico.

B. There used to be a temple on the great pyramid in Mexico.

五、课堂互动展示

1、检查、交流课前学习情况。

2、教师出示一张金字塔的图片,做如下描述,引出并学习掌握新单词和词组:king, ancient, weigh, ton ,be made of.理解pyramid, Egypt, world---famous, tomb, million, 和 Egyptian。(教师指着图中的大金字塔并介绍)。

3、听1a录音,将数字与其所描述的对象搭配,教师核对答案。

97

100 000 meters long

20 people

Two million years

230,4 meters high

146,5 stones

4、读1a,圈出文中数字,鼓励学生读出这些数字。教师给予帮助,完成1b。

5、核对答案1b.

6、小组讨论,假设你是吉姆,给你的朋友迈克写一封信谈谈一些名胜古迹。

7、讨论之后,每人写一篇日记并完成2。

8、听3录音,学唱英文歌曲“Yesterday Once More”。

六、考点探究

1、A. to read B. reading C. looking D. to look

2、This river is only 8,2 kilometers .

A. far B. high C. long D. wide

3、 A. build B. building C. built D. to build

4、A. makes up B. makes up of

C. be made up D. is made up of

七、文化知识链接

金字塔,共有80多座,都坐落在埃及开罗附近的吉萨高原,修建于公元前2700—2500年间,最大的一座是第四王朝法老胡夫的金字塔,高146.59米。

八、自我评价与反思

在今天的课堂上你收获哪些知识?学到哪些方法?

——————————————————————————

反思:在阅读时,速度、方法上有哪些改进?

———————————————————————

仁爱版8年级上 434 Unit 4 Topic3 Section D导学案

【学习目标】

1.掌握page 99的单词和短语。

2.进一步学习附加疑问句(反义疑问句),并能熟练运用。

3.通过合作探究,熟练掌握和运用下列重点短语和句型:

98

Qin Shihuang joined the old walls together.

From then on, people regarded the Great Wall as a symbol of the Chniese nation.

Many people find great pleasure in visiting the Great Wall .

So people recently began to protect and repair the Great Wall .

But some sections of it are falling down.

4.全力以赴,高效达标,在合作探究中培养团队协作精神。

【自学指导】

1、自学Page99的单词。(根据音标拼读、拼写单词并牢记)。

2、预习SectionD1a,为课堂展示作准备。

3、标出重要的短语和句型,标出疑难点,准备课堂中讨论解决。

【预习检测】

根据汉语提示完成句子。

1. 从那以后,他再也没有迟到过。

,he was never late again.

2. The Eiffel Tower (屹立在) Paris.

3. 高老师把她的学生当自己的孩子一样看待。

Miss Gao her students her own children.

4.将这两部分连接起来。

the two parts .

5. 但是城墙的一些部分正在倒塌。

But some sections of it are .

6.我们将会从学英语中获得极大的乐趣。

We’ll great English.

【合作探究】

1.组内讨论解决自学引导中的疑难问题。

2.听录音分角色表演,完成听力部分。

3.总结附加疑问句(反义疑问句)出题点。

【当堂自测】

Ⅰ.单项选择。

1. Each of us visit the Great Wall.

A. want B. wants to C. wanted D. want to

2. They went to the movies, they ?

A. don’t B. won’t C. aren’t D. didn’t

3. Let’s go fishing this weekend, ?

A. won’t you B. shall we C. may I D. aren’t we 4.100 000 people over 20 years building the walls.

A. took B .cost C. paid D. spent 5. Let us make a plan for this term, ?

A. will you B. do you D. shall we D. won’t you

6. Don’t always order me things for you.

99

A. doing B. did C. to do D. do 7. They will the dangerous building in the school.

A. put on B. pull down C. put down D. pull back

8.— He isn’t a teacher , is he ?

— He works in the hospital.

A.Yes, he is. B. No, he isn’t. C.Yes, he isn’t. D No, he is. 9. My teacher regards me her daughter.

A. for B. as C. with D. on 10. It them a long time to weigh the pig yesterday.

A. spent B. spend C. take D. took

【课堂小结】

100

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