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九年级英语unit 6 I like music that I can dance to 语法知识点

发布时间:2013-09-29 17:00:31  

Unit 6 I like music that I can dance to.

1.定语从句:修饰某一个名词或者代词的从句叫定语从句。定语从句一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词之后,其中被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,引导定语从句的词叫关系词。

①.先行词是anyone、someone、those等表示人的不定代词。

②.在there be句型中,先行词指人。eg:There is a man who wants to see you.

(3)which、that在很多情况下可省略,但在以下情况只能用that,而不能用which: ①先行词为all、any、much、many、everything、anything、none、something

等不定代词时。eg: Is there anything that you want to buy in the shop? ②先行词被all、any、the only、the same、little、few、much等词修辞时。 eg: This is the same bike that I lost.这就是我丢的那辆自行车。 ③先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰。eg: This is the first book that he has read.

④先行词里同时含有人和物时,只能用that,而只能用that。

eg: I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.

(4)关系副词(when,where、why),when作时间状语,where作地点状语,why作原因状语。关系副词when,where,why可以用适当的介词+ which来替代。(when=in/on/at…+which, where= in/on/at…+which, why= for+ which) eg:This is the room where (in which) I lived.= This is the room I lived in. 1

习题:( )1.Is that man _______ helped us a lot after the earthquake?

A.which B.who C.whom

( )2.John is the boy _______ legs were badly hurt in the accident.

A.whose B.that C.who D.which

( )3.Have you read the book _______ is about the moon?

A.what B.it C./ D.which

( )4.The basketball _________ I bought yesterday cost me 80 yuan.

A.that B.where C.who D.when

( )5.The story _______ I read the newspaper was about a common problem.

A.whose B.who C.that D.where

( )6.I never forget the day ______ the great scientist came to our school.

A.that B.which C.when D.where

( )7.One of the most interesting places in Yangzhou_______ are ofen visited by foreigners is the West Slender Lake.

A.what B.who C.that D./

( )8.The dictionary _______ he paid 50 yuan is very useful.

A.which B.for which C.on which D.about which

2.I prefer music music that has great lyrics.我更喜欢歌词优美的音乐。

prefer 动词,意为“更喜欢”,相当于“like…better”,其过去式和过去分词都是preferred。eg:与猫相比,我更喜欢狗。_________________________________________________________ ①prefer sth to sth./ prefer doing sth to doing sth.与(做)某事相比,更喜欢(做)某事。eg:我喜欢不行更甚于骑自行车。_______________________________________________ ②prefer to do sth.更喜欢做某事 eg:我更喜欢在家里度过周末。_________________________________________________________________________

③prefer to do sth rather than do sth.= would rather do sth than do sth = would do sth rather than do sth.宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

eg:我宁愿写而不愿读。_____________________________________________________

3.The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music.这些音乐让我想起了巴西舞曲。(1)remind意为“提醒;使记起”,remind sb of sth/sb. “使某人想起某事/某人.” eg:我一直保存着它,以此唤起我对你的记忆。________________________________________________________

(2)remind sb to do sth.提醒某人做某事

eg:请提醒我下车。___________________________________________________________

(3)remind sb + that从句

eg:我提醒她必须在天黑之前回家。________________________________________________

(4)Brazilian形容词,意为“巴西的;巴西人的”,还可以用作名词,意为“巴西人”。

4.I listened to one called Heart String.我听了一首名叫《心弦》的CD.(1)one 此处用作代词。代指上文提到过的CD。

(2)called Heart Strings是过去分词短语,它在句中作代词one的后置定语,相当于一个定语从句,即that is called Heart Strings。过去分词短语常用作名词或代词的后置定语,相当于一个定语从句。called还相当于named/ with the name of. eg:你认识那个叫玛丽的女孩吗?_________________________________________________

【后置定语】分为至少6种:现在分词,过去分词,动词不定式,介词短语,形容词及定语从句。过去分词做后置定语通常表被动(即先行词是动作的承受者),可以改写成定语从句,只需添加关系词+谓语动词。

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5.Amy King is one of the best-known Chinese photographers in the world today,and some of her most famous photos are on display in the exhibition.艾米·金是当今世界上最有名的摄影家之一,而且她最著名的而一些摄影作品会在这次展览中展出。

(1)“one of the +形容词最高级+名词复数形式”意为“最??之一”.eg:上海是中国最大的城市之一。_________________________________

(2)best-known是形容词最高级,意为“最有名的”,相当于most famous,其原级是well-known。

(3)on display意为“展览;展出”,相当于on show.

6.I see the same things every day and they don’t interest me as much.我每天都看到这些相同的东西,它们并没有引起我太大的兴趣。

(1)interest此处用作动词,意为“使感兴趣;引起兴趣”其主语多为物,可与be interested in互换。eg:你的故事引起了我的兴趣。_____________________________________________

(2) interest还可用作名词,表示“兴趣;爱好”,take an interest in = be interested in “对??感兴趣”.

7.Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition.无论如何,都不要错过这个展览。

whatever连词,意为“无论什么;不管什么”,相当于on matter what.类似的词有whoever(无论谁),whenever(无论何时),wherever(无论何地),however(无论怎样)

eg:无论你是谁,都不许走。______________________________________________________

8. As the name suggests, the band has lots of energy.顾名思义, 这支乐队活力四射。suggest意为“暗示;表明;建议”,后接名词/代词/动词ing形式/that从句,不可接不定式。suggest sth to sb “向某人建议某事”。 eg:我建议去游览长城。____________________

9.And I stay away from sugar,you do too,don’t you?而且我不吃糖,你也是,不是吗? stay away from意为“与??保持距离”,此处是“不吃(某类食品)”;stay away from sb/sth指“离开;不接近(某人/某物)。eg:叫他离我妹妹远一点。_______________________

10.I’ve heard eating burnt food like this can increase the risk of cancer.我听说吃这样的烧烤食品会增加得癌症的危险性。 (1)increase动词,意为“增加;增长”,后接名词或代词。 (2)risk名词,意为“危险;风险”,the risk of …意为“??的风险”。 练习题:一、选择题:

( ) 1. Mother often tells me _______ I’ll do in the future, try my best to do it well.

A. however B. whenever

C. wherever D. whatever

( ) 2. Sally prefers drawing ______ playing the piano.

A. at B. for C. at D. to

( ) 3. Some of her best loved photos are _____ display in this exhibition.

A. on B. in C. at D. about

( ) 4.The old song ____ the man of the days living in the country 30 years ago.

A. told B. reminded C. caused D. offered

( ) 5. I like food that _______ soft and sweet.

A. feels B. tastes C. sounds D. smells

( ) 6. — What do you ______Tom’s new CD?

— Oh, I enjoy it very much.

A. care about B. get along with C. think of D. deal with

( )7.I have a ________ holiday this year, and then I can go to Beijing to see you.

A.three—months B.three—month C.three months D.three month’s

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( )8.You can get the ________ news on the Internet.

A.late B.later C.latest D.lately

( )9.I suggested ________ the meeting off.

A.take B.put C.putting D.to put

( )10.Never eat food overnight, _______ it tasts _________.

A.if; good B.but; well C.even though; good D.even if; well

( )11. “_______ do you _______the movie?” “I enjoy it a lot.”

A.How; think of B.What; like about C.What; think of D.How; like about

( )12. All the Chinese people ________ the 29th Olympic Games to be successful.

A. hope B. help C. expect D. decide

( )13. Most of the students in the class like the boy ______ John from America.

A. is named B. named

C. names D. naming

( )14. Mother often tells me _______ I’ll do in the future, try my best to do it well.

A. however B. whenever

C. wherever D. whatever

二、同义句转换:

1.Mary found the key. I lost the key yesterday.

Mary found the key _______ ____ ______ ________

2.They prefer this kind of fruit to that kind.

They _________ this kind of fruit __________ __________ that kind.

3.I hope that I can visit Beijing some day.

I hope _________ __________ Beijing some day.

4. That novel interests me.

I am _______ _______ that novel.

5. The singers who are singing at the concert come from Italy.

The singers ______ ______ the concert are from Italy.

6. I’m not sure what to expect.

I’m not sure what _______ __________.

三、根据汉语意思完成句子:

1. 我喜欢能随着唱的音乐。

I like music ______________________________________________.

2. 如果我是你的话,我将远离可乐和甜食。

________________________cola and sweet desserts, _______________________________.

3. 这些东西一点也提不起他们的兴趣。

These things don’t _____________________________________________.

4. 我更喜欢那些自己能写歌词的歌手。

I prefer singers __________________________________________________.

5. 我们认为大多数人同意蔬菜有益于健康的观点。

We think that most people ____________________________ that vegetables are good for health.

6.老实说,我不喜欢周杰伦,他不能把字唱清晰。

_____________________, I don’t like Jielun Zhou, he can’t sing ________________________

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