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新目标(新)七年级下册1-12单元知识与语法总结

发布时间:2014-08-03 00:47:07  
Unit 1 Can you play the guitar 二、重点短语与句型 1. play chess 下国际象棋 speak English 说英语 play the guitar 弹吉它 want to do? 想做?? 2. be good at 擅长于 what club /sports 什么俱乐部 /运动 music /swimming /sports club 音乐/游泳/运动俱乐部 be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事 like to do ? 喜欢做? What about???怎么样? be good at doing?擅长做? tell stories 讲故事 the story telling club 讲故事俱乐部 G7BU1p2 3. talk to 跟?..说 write stories 写小说 want ?for the school show 为学校表演招聘?? after school 放学后 do kung fu 打中国功夫 come and show us 来给我们表演 4. play the drum 敲鼓 play the piano 弹钢琴 play the violin 拉小提琴 G7BU1p4 5. be good with 善于应付(处理)?的 ;和某人相处很好 make friends结交朋友 help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助某人 on the weekend 在周末 help with...帮助做?? be free /busy 有空/很忙 call sb. at?拨打某人的??号码 need sb./sth. to do? 需要某人/某物做?? English-speaking students 说英语的学生 join?? the club 加入?俱乐部,be in=join in ?成为?中的一员 G7BU1p6 三、关键句型 1. Can you draw? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. 2. What club do you want to join? I want to join the chess club. 3. You can join the English club. Sounds good. 4. I can speak English and I can also play soccer. 5. Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721. 短语· 典句· 考点 help sb.with sth. 在……方面帮助某人 【经典例句】 Could you help me with my English?你能帮我学英语吗? 【考点聚焦】 在 help sb.with sth.结构中,with 是介词,故后面要跟名词或动名词作宾语。该结构相当于 help sb.do sth.。 【活学活用】 8.同义句转换 I often help him do his homework. I often help him his homework. be good with... 与……相处得好;与……合得来 【经典例句】 He is very good with children.他与孩子们很合得来。 【考点聚焦】 1)同义词组:get on well with 2)注意与 be good...的其他词组意思的差别: be good at 意为―擅长做某事‖;be good for 意为―对……有益处‖。 句子· 剖析· 拓展 Can you play the guitar?你能弹吉他吗? 【剖析】 Can you...?用来询问对方能否做某事,意思是―你能/会……吗?‖,肯定回答用―Yes,I can.‖否定回答用―No,I can’t.‖ 【拓展】 can(能、会),may(可以;可能),must(必须)都是情态动词,后面跟动词原形。其否定结构在后面加上 not,can not 通常缩 写为 can’t;must not 缩写为 mustn’t;may not 一般不缩写。 Can you play the piano,the trumpet,the drums,or the guitar? 你会弹奏钢琴,吹喇叭,敲鼓,或者弹吉他吗? 【剖析】 此句为简单的选择疑问句,即提问者提供两种或两种以上情况,让对方从中作出选择的句子。它的基本结构是:一般疑 问句+or+一般疑问句(后一部分与前一部分相同的成分常常省略)。or 连接的是两个并列的成分,要求词性一致。 【拓展】 1)回答时,不用 yes 或 no,而是选择其中一种回答。 2)在读法上,or 的前一部分用升调,后一部分用降调。 语法· 聚焦 ―能‖说―会‖道的 can Hi,everyone!I’m ―can‖.Welcome to come and see my show! 【can 的才艺展示】 1.表示能力,通常指在体力或脑力方面的能力,意为―能;会‖。如: He can speak English.他会说英语。 2.表示许可,意为―可以‖,这时可以和 may 通用,但是比 may 较正式。如:Can I use your pen?我可以用你的钢笔吗? 3.表示可能性,意为―可能‖,这时常出现在否定句中。如: It can’t be true.这不可能是真的。 4.表示提供帮助。如: Can you help me?你可以帮助我吗? 当 can 与动词一起作句子的谓语时,无论主语是第几人称或单数、复数形式,can 仍然保持自己的风格,不会发生任何变化。 【can 的句式表演】 1.肯定句:主语+can+动词原形+其他。如: Mary can play the drums.玛丽会敲鼓。 2.否定句:主语+can’t+动词原形+其他。如: He can’t play the piano.他不会弹钢琴。 3.一般疑问句:Can+主语+动词原形+其他?肯定答语:Yes,主语+can.否定答语:No,主 语+can’t.如: —Can you play chess?你会下象棋吗?—Yes,I can.是的,我会。(肯定回答) —No,I can’t.不,我不会。(否定回答) 4.特殊疑问句:疑问词+can+主语+动词原形+其 他?如:What can I do for you?我能为你做点什么呢? I、单项选择 (25 分) ( )1. Can you ______ English? A. speak B. talk C. say D. tell ( )2. --- ________ can you play? --- The drums. A. When B. How C. What D. Where ( )3. --- ______ you sing? --- Yes, I can. A. Do B. Can C. Are D. Am ( )4. I want to ______ the chess club. A. join B. join in C. join to D. join for ( )5. Tom wants ________ to you. Are you free? A.to tell B.tells C.to talk D.talks ( )6. Can you help me with _______? A. dance B. dancing C. dances D. to dance ( )7. ---What club ______ you want to join? --- Chess club. A. does B. do C. can D. are ( )8. Her sister can play ______ piano, but she can’t play _____ basketball. A. the; the B. /; the C. the; / D. /; / ( )9. My brother can play the guitar, ______ he can’t play it very well. A. and B. so C. or D. but ( ) 10. ---- Can you play volleyball? --- Sorry, I ______. A. don’t B. do C. can’t D. can 第 1 页 共 1 页

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)11. --- Are you good ______ your students? --- Yes, I am. A. at B. with C. for D. of )12. --- Are you ______? --- Yes, I am. A. a musician B. musicians C. musician D. A and B )13. --- Can he _____ a student? --- Yes. A. is B. be C. are D. does )14. We want some singers(歌手) ____ our rock band. A. for B. of C. to D. at )15. My brother _____ the trumpet and he play it ____ . A. can plays, good B. can’t play, good C. can play, well D. doesn’t play, well )16.Can you paint? ________. A.Yes, a little B.Yes, little C.No, a little D.No, little )17.Please call me ________ 8989766. A.in B.at C.about D.with )18.________ like to go swimming ________ summer. A.Children, on B.Children, in C.A child, on D.A child, in )19. Can you help me ________ my English? A.with B.of C.learning D.about )20.What can you do, Lin Tao? ________. A.I like sports B.I want to join the music club C.I am well D.I can do Chinese Kung Fu ( )21.Hi, can I help you? ________. A.Yes, please B.No, I can’t C.Yes, I can D.You are welcome ( )22.________ you can ________ our school concert. A.Maybe, in B.Maybe, be in C.May be, in D.May be, be in ( )23.We want two good ________ our rock band. A.music for B.musician in C.music in D.musicians for ( )24.Little Tom can draw _____.His drawings are very ______. A.good, well B.well, good C.good, good D.well, well ( )25.Can he ________ it in English? A.speak B.speaks C.say D, talk Ⅵ.句式转换 按要求完成下列句子。(5 分 ) 1. He can play the piano. (改成否定句) He ________ play the piano. 2. My sister can join the swimming club. (对划线部分提问) _______ _______ _______ your sister join? 3. Lucy’s brother wants to be an actor. (改成一般疑问句) _______ Lucy’s brother _______ to be an actor? 4. Mike can join our school music festival. (改为同义句) Mike can _______ _______ our school music festival. 5. My birthday is May 4th. (用 June 2nd 改写选择疑问句) _______ your birthday May 4th _____ June2nd? Ⅶ.根据汉语完成句子。(5 分) Alan 想加入音乐俱乐部,因为他会弹吉它。 Alan ______ to join the _______ club, because he can play the guitar. 你会说英语吗? 是的,一点. ______ you _______ English? Yes, _______ _______. 你会照顾孩子吗? 来加入我们吧. _____ you ______ _______ kids? Come and ______ us. Unit 2 What time do you go to school 二、重点短语与句型 1.get up 起床,站起 get dressed 穿上衣服 have/take a shower 洗淋浴 brush teeth 涮牙 eat breakfast 吃早餐 What time 几点,何时 go to school 去学校 do homework 做家庭作业 2. at night 在晚上 from?to? 从??到?? in the morning 在上午 go to work 去上班 That's a funny time for? 那是做??有意思的时间。 be late for? 做??迟到 on weekends=on the weekend 在周末 3. on school days 在上学期间 have(eat) breakfast /dinner 吃早餐/晚餐 4. do (one's) homework 做作业 take a walk=take walks 散步,走一走 a quarter past /to+钟点数 ??过/差一刻钟 in the afternoon /evening 在下午/晚上 go to bed 上床睡觉 half past +钟点数 ??点半 go home 回家 5.either?or 要么??要么,或者?..或者 lots of=many+可数(复数)大量,许多 eat quickly 吃得快 play sports 做运动 have much time for ?有许多时间做?? for half an hour 半小时 get home 到家 eat a good breakfast 早餐吃得好, 好好吃一顿 早餐 eat?for lunch 午餐吃?? after lunch /dinner 午餐/晚餐后 be (not) good for 对??健康有(没)益 taste good 尝起来好吃 6. have a shower 洗澡 have a very healthy life 有健康的生活 need to do ? 需要做?? from Monday to Friday 从周一到周五 radio station 广播电台 get to school 到校 make breakfast for sb.替某人做早饭 三、关键句型 1. What time do you usually get up? I usually get up at six thirty. 2. That’s a funny time for breakfast. 3. When do students usually eat dinner? They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening. 4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games. 5. At twelve, she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch.. 6. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good. 7. Here are your clothes. 四、佳作欣赏 My School Day I am a student. I usually get up at seven, and I eat breakfast at seven thirty. Then I go to school at eight. School starts at eight thirty. I eat lunch at twelve. I go home at 17:00. I often eat dinner at 19:00 and then play the piano. I do my homework at 20:00. At 22:00, I go to bed. 【语法】 1.一般现在时:主语为第三人称单数,动词为第三人称单数形式 2.学习时间的表达法[来源:Z.xx.k.Com] 二.难点讲评 1.What time do you get up?[来源:学§科§网] 释:这是一个由疑问词 what time(几点)引导的特殊问句。 其结构:What time +助动词 do/does +主语+动词原形,询问某人做某事的具体时间。 例如:what time do you begin class in the morning?你们早晨几点开课? 注:What’s the time=What time is it?也是用来询问时间,意为―几点了‖。用 it 作答。 例如:What’s the time? It’s 7:30.几点了?七点半了。 2.I usually get up at five o’clock. 我通常在五点钟起床。 释: 1)句中 usually 与 often 一样都是频度副词,常用于动词 be 之后,行为动词之前。 ★下面的排列更直观地说明了这几个词的频率的"大小"。 第 2 页 共 2 页

always>usually>often>sometimes>seldom>never 2)介词 at 常用于具体时刻之前,意义为 在…… ,如:at 5:00 在 5:00 钟。 o’clock=of the clock 表示 ……点钟 ,其前通常是整点,如:six/seven/eight o’clock 六/七/八点钟。 注:介词 at 除了指时间以外,还可指 1)人物的所在之处,如:at my uncle’s home 在我姑姑家, at the station 在火车站. 2)朝向,如:look at me!看我! 3)指速度或价格.如:she buys the book at a good price 她以优惠的价格买了这本书。 3. What a funny time to eat breakfast! 在这个时间做早饭是多么有趣的啊! 释: 这是一个感叹句,what 意为 多么的,何等的 ,用于感叹句中,修饰后面的单数或复数名词,其句式结构为: (1)What a/an +形容词+单数名词+主语+谓语! what a good girl she is!她是多么好的女孩啊! (2)What+形容词+可数名词复数+主语+谓语! What good girls they are!她们是多么好的女子啊! (3)What +形容词+不可为名词+主语+谓语! What terrible weather it is! 多么恶劣的天气啊! 注:how 也可以引导感叹句,how 为副词,在感叹句中修饰动词,形容词或副词: (1)How+形容词/副词+陈述句(主语+谓语) How cold it is! 多冷啊! How hard he works! 他工作多么努力啊! (2)How+陈述句(主语+谓语) How he loves his son! 他多么爱他的儿子啊! (3)How+形容词+a/an+单数可数名词+陈述句(主语+谓语) How tall a tree it is! 多么高的一棵树啊! 4.After breakfast he plays his guitar ,then he goes to work. 早餐以后,他练习吉它,然后他去上班了。 释:1)go to work 的意思是―去上班‖,work 是不可数名词,其前面不加冠词,该短语同 go to school―去上学‖。 例如:They go to work in their cars = by car. 他们开车去上班。 We go to school by bus.我们乘公共汽车上学。 5.To get to work,he takes the number17 bus to the Sai Te Hotel.为了工作,他乘坐 17 路公交车到赛特宾馆。 释:动词 take 在此时―乘坐‖的意思;而 by 也有―乘坐‖的意思,但它是介词。 比较:He often takes the bus to work.他经常乘公交车上班。 He often go to work by bus. 注:动词词组作谓语,介词短语作状语。 8.hear 与 listen to 释:hear 意为―听见‖,表示听的结果,而 listen to 则表示―听‖,强调的是―听‖的动作。 如:Let’s listen to the music. 咱们听音乐吧! We listen but don’t hear.我们听了,但什么也没听见。 9. He gets home at 7:00,and he watches morning TV.他七点钟回家,然后看早见新闻。 释:1)句中 get 意为 ―到达 ‖,后接地点名词时,要加介词 to,后接副词时,不能加 to,例如:She gets to school at six o’clock. 她六点钟到校。 注: home 是一个副词,所以其前不能加介词 to,但 home 也可作名词,这时其前有物主代词时,可以加 to, 例 如:She gets to her home at eight o’clock .她 8 点钟到家。 Can you get there at eight tomorrow morning? 明天上午八点你能到那儿吗? 2)句中 morning news 表示 早间新闻 ,其中 news 是一个不可数名词。 例如:a piece of news 一条新闻 ,two pieces of news 两条新闻 。 Watch……On TV 表示 通过电视看……节目 。 例如:We often watch football game on TV. 我们经常通过电视看是球赛。 10.Can you think what his job is?你能想到他的工作是什么吗? 释:这里 what his job is 表示―他的工作是什么 ‖,其中,what his job I 作 think 的宾语。英语中类似的表达很多,它们在句中可充 当主语、宾语、表语等。 11.What time is it?-几点了?-It’s eight thirty. 八点三十分。 释:本句是就具体时刻进行提问的,what time 意为―几点‖,这是特殊问句,它的同义句为:What’s the time? /What time is it by your watch? 在回答这个句子时,要用 It’s +钟点。 注:英语时刻的表达法:顺读法和逆读法。 顺读法:钟点数+分钟数。 例如:4:25→four twenty-five,6:58→six fifty-eitht,7:→seven o clock 说明:这种表达不论分钟数是多少,均可使用。 逆读法:分钟为+介词 to/past+钟点数,可分两种情况: 1)分钟为不超过半小时,用分钟数+past(/pa:st/过)+钟点数。 例如:4:23→twenty-three past four,5:19→nineteen past five. 2)分钟数超过了半小时,用(所差的)分钟的+to+(下一个)钟点为。 例如:7:31→twenty-nine to eight,10:58→two to eleven 说 明: 在逆读法中分钟数逢 ―五‖逢 ―十‖可省略 minute (s) 。 否则应加上。 当然, 英语习惯上把十五分钟 (fifteen) 称作一刻 a quarter (kwo:to),三十分钟(thirty)称为 half/half,因此 10:30,可以用两种表达方式,half past ten,ten thirty。 12.Thanks for your letter. 感谢你的来信。 释:thanks for… 表示―因…而感谢某人‖。for 是介词,后跟名词,代词宾格或者动名词。 例如:Thanks for your help. 感谢你帮助我。 Thanks for telling me the good news.谢谢你告诉我这好消息。 13. Do you want to know about my morning?你想知道关于我的早晨吗? 释:1)该句中 want to do…句型。表示―想要做某事‖,该短语中 want 为及物动词,后面的 to do 是不定式(英语中把 to+动词称为不定式)作 want 的宾语,不定式符号不可以省略。 例如:I want to play the drum. 我想打鼓。 I want to see my old teacher next week.下周我想去看我以前的老师。 2)want 也可以带名词或代词作宾语。 例如:I want a bottle of orange.我想要一瓶桔汁。 He wants you in the classroom. 他想要你进教室去。 3)know about 知道有关…,了解有关…,句中 about 意为―关于,有关‖的意思。 14.about 与 on 释:about 作介词,意为―关于、大约、对于‖。作―关于‖解,可用 on 代替。 第 3 页 共 3 页

例如:a song about him 有关他的一首歌。 on 作介词,意为―关于‖。侧重于书籍、文章、演讲的严肃性或学术性,指可供专门研究某一问题的人阅读的书籍。 例如:a book on the history 有关历史的书。 注:在动词 learn、read、quarrel、hear 和名词 story 后一般用 about 而非 on。 15.I do my homework at 6:30.六点半我做家庭作业。 释:do homework 意为做家庭作业,其中 homework 为不可数名词,这个短语=do one’s lessons. 16.School starts at nine o’clock.学校九点开始上课。 释: start=begin,意为―开始‖。 常见句型有 start/begin to do sth.和 start/begin doing sth. 例如:She starts/begins to learn English.她开始学习英语、 They start/begin learning English.他们开始学习英语了。 17.Please write and tell me about your morning.请写信告诉我你的早晨。 释:1)tell sb. about sth.告诉某人有关某事的情况。 例如:My father often tells me about China.我爸爸经常告诉我有关中国的情况。 2)write sb. a letter=write a letter to sb.给某人写信。 例如:She often writes me a letter=She often writes a letter to me.她经常给我写信。 一般现在时 注:一般现在时的第三人称单数动词的变化规则: (1).一般在动词词尾加―s‖。如:like→likes,play→plays。 (2).以 ch,sh,s,x,o 结尾的动词,在词尾加 es,如:do→does,teach→teaches,go→goes (3).以―辅音字母+y‖结尾的词,变 y 为 i,再加 es。如:fly→flies, apply→applies study→studies 基础巩固 Ⅰ.选择填空。(30 分) ( ) 1. ―What's the time? ―_____half past nine. A. Its B. It's C. This is D. They're ( )2. We go to _____ at six thirty in the morning. A. the school B. a school C. school D. schools ( )3. —______ does your mother work? —In a school. A. What B. How C. Where D. When ( )4. —What time is it? —It's ____eight o'clock. A. at B. on C. in D. around ( )5. My English teacher is usually very busy(繁忙)______. A. all night B. night C. all the night D. good night ( )6. Do you want to listen to the _____ story? A. funnily B. funny C. funy D. funer ( )7. What time does Jane ______ after school? A. do her homework B. does her homework C. do her homeworks D. does her homeworks ( )8. He often takes ______ to the Santon Hotel. A. number bus 17 B. the number 17 bus C. 17 number bus D. number 17 bus ( ) 9. I ______ at ten o'clock in the evening. A. have breakfast B. get up C. go to bed D. watch morning TV ( ) 10.He eats ______ dinner at 7:30 in the evening. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( )11. Please write and tell me ______ your morning. A. for B. to C. about D. of ( )12. ______ Lucy and Lily go home at seven? A. Do B. Does C. Is D. Are ( )13. It's ten o'clock. I must go ____. A. to home B. home C. my home D. his home ( )14. I want to____ No. 5 bus to Tian'an Men Square.A. get B. come C. go D. take ( )15. ---Will you go there by_____train? ----No,, I’ll take ______ taxi. A. /;a B. a;the C./;/ D. the;a ( ) 16. We only have _______ shower. A. some B. an C. the D. one ( )17. My sister ____ home at 5:00 every day. A. gets B. gets to C. get D. get to ( )18. We can watch Beijing Opera _____ TV. A. in B. at C. on D. from ( )19. Let’s ________. A. take a shower B. have a shower C. take the shower D. A and B ( )20. My brother ___ the morning TV every day. A. watches B. watch C. watchs D. see ( )21. Do you know_____________? A. what is his job B. what does his job C. what his job does D. what his job is ( )22. He likes ______ the radio(收音机)。 A. listens B. to listen to C. listens to D. to listen ( )23. Rick often does ____ homework at 6:00. A. her B. his C. my D. your ( )24. --- ______ do people have dinner?--- At home. A. What B. When C. Where D. B and C ( )25. Jie Min usually gets up _______. A. at six thirty B. at thirty six C. on six thirty D. on thirty six ( )26. In our school , school _____ at 7:30. A. is B. start C. starts D. does ( )27. ----When does your mother go shopping?----Usually _____ Sunday morning. A. on B. in C. at D. after ( )28. ---_____________? ---Sorry, I can’t. A. Can you play the drums B. Do you draw C. Are you here D. Can your brother dance ( )29. ---Do you have a watch? --- ________.A. Yes, he does B. No, I’m not C. No, I don’t D. I don’t know ( )30. They have no classes ________ Saturday and Sunday. A. in B. on C. at D:from III、句式转换(20 分) 1. He has one shower. (提问) How ________ __________ _________ he have? 2. Jack eats breakfast at home. (改为一般疑问句)______ Jack ______ breakfast at home? 3. Scott works very long hours every day. (改为否定句) Scott ______ ______ very long hours every day. 4. He can do Chinese Kung Fu. (一般疑问句) _______ he _______ Chinese Kung Fu? 5. Tim usually goes to bed at 10:00. (提问) _______ _______ Tim usually _______ to bed? 6. I do homework at seven. (否定句) I _______ ________ homework at seven. 7. He often has lunch at school. (划线提问) _______ ________ he often ________ lunch? 8. They get home at 7:30 pm. ( 同义句 ) They get home at 7:30 ____ ____ _________. V.用所给动词的正确形式填空。(10 分) 第 4 页 共 4 页

1.Let’s ______ (clean) the classroom. 2.He ______ (not go) to bed at 8:30. 3.She ______ (do) her homework at 7:00 in the evening. 4.Scott ________ (work) very long hours. 5.What time _______ you usually _____ (get) up? 6.His sister loves ________(play) the piano very much. 7.My father ________ (watch) TV in the evening. 8. Can Gina __________(swim), do you know? 9. Do you want ______________(know) about my school? 10. We have four __________(class) in the morning. Ⅵ.完成句子。(10 分) 1.你的父亲七点钟去上班吗?______ your father ______ ______ ______ at seven? 2.你通常几点去睡觉?______ ______ do you usually ________ ________ ________? 3.请仔细地听老师讲课。Please ______ ______ the teacher carefully(仔细地). 4.我的弟弟在下午做家庭作业。My brother ______ ______ ______ in the afternoon. 5.你是什么时候到达合肥的?When do you ________ ______ Hefei? 6.请写信告诉我关于你们学校的事情。Please________ and _______ me_______ your school. Unit 3 How do you get to school? 二、重点短语与句型 1. take the train /bus/boat/subway 乘火车/公共汽车/船/地铁=by train/bus/boat/subway How do(does)+人+ get to+地方? 你 怎 样到达?? 人+take(s)+交通工具+to+地方= 人+go(es)+地方+to by+交通工具 乘?去? by bike=ride a bike=on one’s bike 骑自行车 how long 多久,多长 how far 多远 How long does it take sb. to do?? 做??花某人多长时间? It take(s) +人(宾格)+时间段(sometime) to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间。 How far is it from ?to ?? ? ? 离 ? ? 有 多 远 ? I'm not sure. 我不能确信。 have a good day at school. 上课快乐 you, too.你也是。 the bus ride 乘公共汽车 walk to school 走路上学 drive one's car to do? 开某人的车去做?? from here 从这儿 every day 每天:天天 think of 认为 bus stop 公交车站点 train station 火车站 How far does he /she live from?? 他/她住在离??有多远? What does he/she think of sth/doing sth? =How does he/she like sth/doing sth? 他/她觉得??如何? 6. between?and 在?..和??之 come true 实现 by bus /train 乘公交车/火车 It is adj+(for) sb. to do sth?做??怎么样 cross the river 过河 one (an)11-year-old boy 一个 11 岁的男孩 be not afraid 不害怕 love to do sth.=like to do sth 喜欢做?? play with sb/sth 和某人玩耍;玩耍某物 be like?to sb 像??一样对? like this 像这样 It is one's dream to do? 做??是某人的梦想。 have to do? 不得不做某事? go on a ropeway 坐索道 7. thanks for + n. / v. ing ?感谢你(做)某事 get there 到达那儿 三、关键句型 1. How do you get to school? I ride my bike=I get to school by bike=I get to school on my bike. 2. How far is it from your home to school? It’s about three kilometers 3. How long does it take you to get to school? It takes me about half an hour on foot. 4. For many students, it is easy to get to school. 5. There is a very big river between their school and the village. 四、佳作欣赏 The Best Way for Me to Go to School Different students go to school in different ways in our school, but I like to go to school on foot. First, I live near the school, so my home is not far from my school. And it takes me a few minutes to get there. Second, there is a crossing on my way to school, and sometimes the traffic is very busy. I think it is safer to go to school on foot. Third, I think walking is good for my health. It’s a kind of sport and it makes me study better. So I think the best way to go to school is on foot. What about you? 词汇辨析.: 1. take/spend/pay/cost spend,cost,take 和 pay 都可以表示―花费‖,但用法却不尽相同。 spend 的主语必须是人, 常用于以下结构: (1) spend time /money on sth. 在…上花费时间(金钱)。例:I spent two hours on this maths problem. 这道数学题花了我两个小时。 (2) spend time / money (in) doing sth. 花费时间(金钱)做某事。 例:They spent two years (in) building this bridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间。 cost 的主语是物或某种活动, 还可以表示―值‖, 常见用法如下: (1)sth. costs (sb.) +金钱, 某物花了(某人)多少钱。例:A new computer costs a lot of money. 买一台新电脑要花一大笔钱。 (2) (doing) sth. costs (sb.) +时间,某物(做某事)花了(某人)多少时间。 例:Remembering these new words cost him a lot of time. 他花了大量时间才记住了这些单词。 注意:cost 的过去式及过去分词都是 cost,并且不能用于被动句。 take 后面常跟双宾语, 常见用法有以下几种: (1) It takes sb. +时间+to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时间。 例:It took them three years to build this road. 他们用了三年时间修完了这条路。 (2)doing sth. takes sb. +时间,做某事花了某人多少时间。例:Repairing this car took him the whole afternoon. 他花了一下午修车。 pay 的基本用法是:(1) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买……。例:I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我 每个月要付 20 英磅的房租。 (2)pay for sth. 付……的钱。例:I have to pay for the book lost. 我不得不赔丢失的书款。 (3)pay for sb. 替某人付钱。例:Don't worry! I'll pay for you. 别担心, 我会给你付钱的。 (4)pay sb. 付钱给某人。 例: They pay us every month.他们每月给我们报酬。 第 5 页 共 5 页

(5)pay money back 还钱。例:May I borrow 12 yuan from you? I'll pay it back next week. 你能借给我 12 块钱吗?下周还你。 即学即练: 1) He often much time playing computer games. 2) It usually her two hours to do her homework. 3) How much did the new cell phone you? 4) Allan 380 yuan for the e-dictionary. 2. get to/ arrive in/arrive at/ reach reach 后不用加介词如 I reach school. get 要加介词,但接副词时不用如 THERE HOME HERE get to 直接加地方 arrive in/at 也直接加地方,但 IN 是大地方,AT 是小地方 reach,get,get to,arrive in/at 都是及物动词,但 arrive 不加介词时是不及物动词,可以不加宾语. 如:I arrive 我到达了。 不能说 I reach,/get/,get to,它们后面要加宾语。 即学即练: 1)—When can you school? --I get to school at seven. 2) They Beijing yesterday. 3) They the bus stop. 4) We home at six. 3. other/others/the others/the other/another 1.other 可作形容词或代词,做形容词时,意思是―别的,其他‖,泛指―其他的(人或物)‖。如: Do you have any other question(s)? 你还有其他问题吗? Ask some other people. 问问别人吧! Put it in your other hand. 把它放在你另一只手里。 2.the other 指两个人或物中的一个时,只能用 the other,不能用 another,此时的 other 作代词。如: He has two daughters. One is a nurse, the other is a worker. 他有两个女儿,一个是护士,另一个是工人。 the other 后可加单数名词,也可加复数名词,此时的 other 作形容词。 如: On the other side of the street, there is a tall tree. 在街道的另一边, 有一棵大树。 Mary is much taller than the other girls. 玛丽比其他的女孩高得多。 He lives on the other side of the river. 他住在河的对岸。 3.others 是 other 的复数形式,泛指―另外几个‖,―其余的‖。在句中可作主语、宾语。如: Some of us like singing and dancing, others go in for sports. 我们一些人喜欢唱歌和跳舞, 其余的从事体育活动。 Give me some others, please. 请给我别的东西吧! There are no others. 没有别的了。 4.the others 意思是―其他东西,其余的人‖。特指某一范围内的―其他的(人或物)‖。是 the other 的复数形式。如: Two boys will go to the zoo, and the others will stay at home. 两个男孩将去动物园,其余的留在家里。.the others=.the other+可数名词复数 5.another=an other,既可作形容词,也可作代词,只能用于三个或更多的人或物,泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的―另一个‖, 只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。 如: I don’t like this one. Please show me another. 我不喜欢这一个, 请给我看看另一个。 I have three daughters. One is a nurse, another is a teacher and another is a worker. 我有三个女儿。一个是护士,另一个是教师,还有一个是工人 即学即练: 1) Lin Feng always help people. 2) The old man has two sons. One is a soldier, is an engineer. 3) Many people are in the park. Some are taking a walk, are flying kites. 4)Would you like cup of coffee? 4. a number of /the number of a number of 是指―大量的‖,后面的动词是复数形式 e.g. A number of our classmates love English. the number of 是指―......的数量‖,后面的动词是单数形式 e.g. The number of our classmates is 45. 即学即练: 1) A number of students reading in the classroom. 2) The number of students in our class 56. 一. 单项选择. ( )1. -did you come here? -boat. A. How, By B. How long, By C. How, Take ( )2. Health your healthy lifestyle. A. depends B. decides C. depends on ( )3. In North America, most students go to school the school bus. A. by B. take C. on ( )4. My parents are my home in three days. A. reaching to B. arriving in C. getting to ( )5. –How does it take? –It takes about 10 minutes’ . A. long, walk B. long, to walk C. far, walking ( )6. The passage is very hard because there are many new words in it. A. very B. so C. such ( )7. She often a bike to the school. A. takes B. drives C. rides ( )8. The weather in Beijing is that in Changsha. A. far from B. same as C. different from ( )9. The old woman is her lost son. A. worried about B. worry C. worried ( )10. do you the transportation in your town? A. What, think B. How, think of C. What, think of ( )11. --Can you tell me it is from here to downtown? --Yes, it’s fifteen minutes by bus. A. how much B. how long C. how far ( )12. Susan’s parents have bought a large house with a swimming pool. It be very expensive. A. must B. can C. can’t ( )13. I know it’ll me much time to practice it, but I’m sure I can learn a lot from it. A. spend B. take C. pay ( )14.--The sandwich is delicious. --Would you like one? A. other B. others C. another ( )15. He to clean the classroom. A. needn’t B. don’t need C. doesn’t need ( )16. books are missing in the library. We must ask the police for help. A. Much B. A number of C. The number of 二.一般现在时语法专练。 1. Mike (stay) at home on Sundays. 2. My sister (not like) eggs at all. 3. Li Lei often (carry) water for the old woman. 4. you (get) to school at 7:30 every day? 5. We (begin) class at seven thirty in the morning. 6. My brother (watch) TV every evening. 7. –When they (clean) the house? --They usually (clean) in the afternoon. 8. Light faster than sound(travel). 第 6 页 共 6 页

Unit 4 Don’t eat in class 二、重点短语与句型 1. dining hall 餐厅 listen to 听 in class 上课 in the dining hall 在餐厅 don't arrive late for? =be not late for... 不要到??迟到 a lot of 许多,大量 be quiet=keep quiet 安静 wear a hat /the school uniform 穿着帽子/穿着校服 bring ?to? 带??到(给)?? be on time for?? 准时(按时)做?? have to,has to 不得不 don't(doesn’t) have to do ?=needn’t....不必做?? go out 外出(娱乐) do the dishes=wash the dishes(U5)清洗餐具 practice the guitar=practice playing the guitar 练习弹吉它 help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事 on school nights 在夜自习,在晚上上课 before dinner 晚饭前 every Saturday /morning 每周六/每天上午 6. make (one's) bed 铺床 make breakfast 做早餐 follow the rules 遵守规则 be strict with+人 对某人要求严格 be strict in+事情 对某事要求严格 too many+可数名词(复数) 大多的?? leave +物品+in the kitchen 把某东西忘放在厨房 be noisy 吵闹,发出噪音 What can I do? 我该怎么办呢? think about 考虑,思考 read a book 看书 make rules to do?制定规章来做?? good luck! 祝你好运! at home 在家 learn to do... 学习做?? have fun 过得高兴,玩得愉快 keep + 宾语 + 形容词 使??保持 某种状态 keep one’s hair short 某人留短发 get sth.for sb.替某人拿某物 want sb. to do?想某人做?? It's best to do? 做??是最好的。 三、关键句型 1. Don’t arrive late for class. 上课不要迟到。 2. Can we bring music players to school? 我们可以带音乐播放器到学校吗? 3. And we always have to wear the school uniform. 并且我们总是不得不穿校服。 4. There are too many rules! 有太多的规则! 5. Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen! 不要把脏盘子留在厨房里! 6. I have to keep my hair short. 我不得不留短发。 四、佳作欣赏 Dear Tom, Thanks for your last letter. You want to know the rules in our school. Now let me tell you about them. We can’t arrive late for class. We can’t talk loudly in class. We should keep quiet. When we meet our teachers on our way, we should say hello to them. We can’t eat o r drink in class, and we can’t listen to music or play games in class. I think we have too many rules. What about yours? Please write and tell me. 2.arrive late for = be late for 做某事迟到 Don’t arrive late for school.上课不要迟到。 else / other 别的,其他的 else 修饰疑问词或不定代词,位于其后。Other 修饰名词,位于其前。 What else do you have to do? 你们还必须做什么事? I have something else to tell you.我还有别的事情要告诉你。 Where are the other boys? 其他的男孩在哪儿? have to / must have to“必须,不得不”,表示客观需要,即受客观条件限制不得不或必须去做某事。 must 表示说话人的主观看法。 must 只用于现在时,在表示过去、将来和完成时,用 have to 的相应形式来代替 must. My mother is ill, I have to look after my sister at home. 我妈妈病了,我必须在家照看我妹妹。 You must be careful. 你一定要小心。 practice doing sth 练习做某事 too much / too many / much too too much“太多”,修饰不可数名词。 too much water 太多水 too many“太多”,修饰可数名词复数。 too many children 太多孩子 much too“太”,修饰形容词或副词。 much too small 太小 6.after school 放学后 after class 下课后 7.on school nights 在上学期间的晚上 8.No talking! 禁止谈话! No+名词或动名词,表示禁止、不要做某事。 No smoking! 禁止吸烟! No parking!禁止停车! No swimming! 禁止游泳! No photos! 禁止拍照 No noise!禁止喧哗! 9.I have to be in bed by ten o’clock.我必须在 10 点之前上床睡觉。 1)in bed “睡觉,卧床” in hospital 在住院 in the hospital 在医院里 at table 在吃饭 at the table 在桌子边 2)by + 时间:在??之前 by Monday 在星期一之前 by + 交通工具:乘某种交通工具 by the way 顺便问(说)一下 I. 根据所给单词,填入一个正确的单词形式。 1. Yao Ming practices ______(play) basketball every day. 2. ______(not) talk.. It’ s time for class. 3. My sister ____(have) to look after my mother at home today. 4. I have to go to the supermarket ______(late). 5.We often go to the ______(child) palace after school. II.单项选择 1. There is _____milk on the floor. A . too many B. too much C. much too D. many too 2. There are ____rules in my family. A. too many B. too much C. much too D. many too 3. Please help me _____ French. A. speaking B. to speaking C. with peak D. speak 4. He often _____English with the foreign teachers. A. practice speak B. practices speak C. practice speaking D. practices speaking 5. Don’t _____bed _____9 o’clock. A. go, at B. in, by C. be in, by D. go in, at 5、___ she ___ clean the classroom today? A. Does, has to B. Does, have to C. Does, has D. Does, have 6、Don’t _____TV too much after school. A. watch B. watching C. to watch D. to watching 7、It’s very warm outside. You ____ wear the coat. A. must B. don’t have to C. have to D. mustn’t 8、The girl ___ red dress is my friend’s daughter. A. with B. wear C. put on D. in 9、My mom ____carefully, but she ___ nothing. A. listened, listened B. heard, heard C. listened, heard D. heard, listened 10、Does your father always wear ___? A. uniform B. an uniform C. a uniform D. two uniform 11、--May I take the magazine out of the reading room ? --No, you can’t.. You read it here .It’s the rule. A. must B. would C. may D. might 12、_____ in the school library. A. No talk B. Not talking C. No talking D. Not talk 第 7 页 共 7 页

13、He arrives _____ here _____ a cold night. A. /;at B. at; at C. /;on D. in;on 14、Where _____ did you go last year? A. other B. else C. place D. others 15、We don’t know Jack _____ Bruce. A. and B. or C. about D. of 16、Can she _____ clean the classroom today? A. has to B. have to C. has D. have III. 句型转换 A) 根据题后要求完成句子。 1. Run in the hallways.(否定句) in the hallways. 2.I have to get up at six.(一般疑问句) you to get up at six? 3.I can eat in the dining hall.(提问) you eat ? 4. We have to clean the room.(提问) do you have to ? 5. late, can, arrive, for, we, not, school (连成一句) . B) 同义句 6. Get up early. Don’t too . 7. What other place do you have to go to ? do you have to go ? 8. Peter must go to bed by ten. Peter go to bed by ten. 9. I washed clothes yesterday. I some yesterday. IV 完成句子 1) 我们不能在教室里练习吉他。 We can’t _____ ________ the guitar in the classroom. 2) 你必须在 11 点上床睡觉吗? Do you have to ____ _____ ____ _____ 11:00? 3) 我从来没有任何乐趣。 I ______ have ______ fun. 4) 你认为那条规定怎么样? _____ do you _____ ___ that rules? 5) 图书室里不许大声讲话。 No ______ _______ in the library. ⅴ中考链接 1 --Do I have to come back tomorrow?(2007 武汉市中考题) --Yes, you ____. A. can B. may C. must D. should 2 --Must I finish the work today, Mom? --N o, you __. You can finish it tomorrow. A. mustn’t B. can’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t 3.Don’t forget to __―Thank you‖ when someone has helped you. A. speak B. tell C. say D. talk 4. Keep quiet, kids. Dad ____in the next room.(2007 绍兴市中考题) A. slept B. sleeps C. is sleeping D. had slept Unit5 Why do you like pandas? 二、重点短语与句型 1. let sb do sth. first.咱们某人先做? why do you like??你为什么喜欢??? 2. kind of 稍微,有点儿 South Africa 南非 be from?=come from 来自? walk on two legs 两条腿走路;立着走路 all day=the whole day 全天,整天 be friendly to sb. 对于某人很友好; Why don’t you like??=why not like? Let’s do sth. =shall we do sth =what/how about doing sth a lot 非常,十分 black and white 黑白相间 be friendly to sb. What animals=which animals 什么动物 be in (great) danger 处于(极大)危险中 cut down 砍倒 be made of +物质 由?..制成 a symbol of good luck 好运的象征 so many+可数名词复数如此多的?? save the elephant 拯救大象 one of Thailand’s symbols 泰国的一个标志 student from Thailand 泰国的学生 get lost =be lost 迷路 lose one’s home 无家可归,失去家园 walk for a long time 走了很长时间 places with food and water 有食 物和水的地方 kill ?for? 因??而杀死? things made of ivory 象牙制品 G7BU5p29 5. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事(未做) forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事(已做) 三、关键句型 1. Why do you like pandas? 你为什么喜欢熊猫? Because they’re kind of interesting. 因为它们有点儿有趣。 2. Why does John like koalas? 约翰为什么喜欢树袋熊? Because they’re very cute. 因为它们非常可爱。 3. Why don’t you like tigers? 你为什么不喜欢老虎? Because they’re really scary. 因为它们真的吓人。 4. Where are lions from? 狮子来自哪里? They’re from South Africa. 它们来自南非。 5. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost. 大象能走很长时间并且从不迷路。 6. They can also remember places with food and water. 它们也能记住有食物和水的地方。 7. But elephants are in great danger. 但是,大象处于极大危险之中。 8. People cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homes. 人们砍倒了许多树,因此,大象渐渐失去它们的家园。 9. Today there are only about 3,000 elephants (over 100,000 before) 现在仅有大约 3000 头大象(之前超过 10 万头大象)。 10. Isn’t she beautiful? 她难道不美丽吗? 【知识点拨】 短语 ―like......a lot ‖意为______________(=like......very much.) 例句:玛丽非常喜欢汉堡包。Mary _______ hamburgers ______ _______/(______ _______) 常用短语 be friendly to sb ,意为 _____________; be friendly with sb 意为______________. 【知识点点拨】 1. save 是一个动词,意为_______、_______, 例句:我们必须救它们。We must ______ ________. 另外,做动词时还有―贮存,储蓄、节省、保存等意思。节约水 __________ 贮存食物___________ 2. ―one of.......‖意为.......之一.....,后接可数名词复数名词形式。one of.......结构做主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。例句:我的一个同学 第 8 页 共 8 页

来自云南。______ _____my classmates _____ from Yunnan. 3. symbol 是一个名词, 意为_________.常用短语 a/the symbol of......表示_______________. 例句: 白鸽是和平的象征。 The dove is ____ _____ ______ the peace(和平)。 4. danger 是一个名词,意为―_________-‖,常用短语 be in danger 意为_____________. danger 前可用 great 修饰,表示―巨大的‖.be in great danger 意为_________________ 例句:那个男孩会面临巨大的危险。The boy can ____ _____ ______ _________. 5. with. 是一个介词 prep.意为―.与...一起,偕同,和...‖ 例句:她和她姐妹一起看电视。She ________ ______ with her sister. With 做介词还有―带有...;有...的‖之意,其后面接一个名词构 成介词短语修饰前面的名词。例句:那个长头发的女孩是我同学。The girl ____ ____ ____ is my classmate 翻译:有水和食物的地方 _______ _______ ________ ________ 6. forget (v.)意为__________/_____________常用短语:forget to do sth _______________ (言下之意, 事情还没做); forget doing sth ______________(事情已做,但是忘了。) 完成下列句子: (1) The child likes dolphins (改一般疑问句) ___________the child_ _________ dolphins? (2) we like penguins because they’re cute (划线提问) ______ _______ you like penguins? (3) Pandas are from China. (同上) _________are pandas _________? (4) Koalas like to eat meat (改否定句) Koalas________ ________to eat meat ( 6) Giraffe are from Africa(改为同义句) Giraffe ________ ________ from Africa。 ( 7) The story is very interesting.(一般疑问句) __________the story interesting? 课后巩固 一、根据汉语完成句子 (1) 我有点冷。I am _____ ______ cold. (2). 这只老虎 3 岁了。The tiger is 3 ________ ________ . (3). 他喜欢吃什么水果?________ fruit _______he like ? (4) 企鹅来自南极。_______ ________ from the South Pole .(南极) (5)他想玩电脑游戏.He ______ ________play computer games. (6).欢迎来到我们学校_______ _________ to our school. (7).狮子惹人喜爱。The lions ____________ ________________. (8).咱们先读第三单元吧________read Unit 3_______________. (9).但我很喜欢熊猫.But I ________pandas _______ _______? 二. 单项选择 1. _________ these tigers _______ from? A. Where, are B. Where, come C. Where are, / 2. I like koalas because they are _________ friendly. A. a kind of B. kind of C. kinds of 3. --_______ he ________ breakfast at home? -- Yes. A. Dose, have B. Does, have C. Does, has 4. Does this lion ____ from Africa or America? A. be B. is C. come D. go 5. ----What _____ do you like ? ---- I like penguins. A. sports B. subjects C. music D. animals Unit 6 I’m watching TV 二、重点短语与句型 1. read a newspaper 看报纸 2. make soup 做汤 What are you/they doing? I'm /They're ? 你在做什么? 我在/他们在??。 What is he doing? 他在做什么? He's?他在??。read a newspaper 看报 use the compute 用电脑 talk on the phone 电话交谈 go to the movies 看电影 eat out 出去吃饭 This is? 我是?? (电话用语) It's ?here. 我是?? (电话用语) Not much. 没什么事。I'd love(like) to.我很愿意。 See you then.再见。drink tea 喝茶 make dinner 做晚饭 dragon boat races 龙舟比赛 what does he think about?? 他觉得??怎么样? live with an American family 和??一起居住 miss one's family 想念某人的家人 any other night 任何其它的夜晚 (any other+可数名词单数)任何其他的一个? wish to do sth. 希望做某事 talk on the phone to sb. 通过电话与??交谈 make zongzi 包粽子 watch?on TV 通过电视观看节目 a student from Shenzhen 来自于深圳的学生 no place like home. 金窝银窝不如自己的(East and west, home is best) 4. in the living room 在客厅 study for a test 因考试而复习 三、关键句型 1. Why are you doing? 你在做什么? I’m watching TV. 我在看电视。 2. What’s she doing? 她在做什么? She’s washing her clothes. 她在洗她的衣服. 3. What are they doing? 他们在做什么 They’re listening to a CD 他听一 CD 唱片。 4. Are you doing your homework? 你在做你的家庭作业吗? Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. I’m cleaning my room. 5. Zhu Hui misses his family and wishes to have his mom’s delicious zongzi. 朱辉思念他的家人并希望吃上他妈妈的可口粽子。 四、佳作欣赏 It’s seven o’clock in the evening. Kate’s family are all at home. Kate is doing her homework. Her father is reading a book. Her mother is watching TV. Her grandfather is listening to the radio and her grandmother is cleaning the room. Her sister, Betty, is playing computer games. They are all enjoying themselves. 动词-ing 形式的构成: ①一般在动词原形末尾加-ing. go—going ask—asking look—looking ②以不发音字母 e 结尾的动词,先去掉 e,再加-ing. write—writing make—making take—taking ③以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,应先双写这个字母,再加-ing。 get—getting sit—sitting put—putting run—running begin—beginning ④以 ie 结尾的重读开音节动词改 ie 为 y,再加-ing。 die—dying lie—lying tie--tying 第 9 页 共 9 页

4. wait for….等候?? 5. talk to…“和/对??说话”(主要指一方说,另一方听)talk with…“和??交谈”(指双方交谈) talk about…“谈论??” 6. family“家庭,家人”,是个集合名词。指整体概念即“家庭”时为单数名词,指组成家庭的成员即“家人“时,为复数名词。 1) 他的家庭是个幸福的家庭。His family is a happy family. 2) 他家人在看电视。 His family are watching TV. 单项选择。(30 分) ( )1. What is Kate doing? __________ A. She is in the room. B. Yes, she is C. She is reading D. She is run ( )2.Look! What is Tom doing? He’s _______ TV. A.seeing B.looking C.looking at D.watching ( )3.______ are they playing football? A.What B.Who C.Which D.Where ( ) 4. A: Is he writing or reading? B: ________. A. Yes, he is B. No, he isn’t C. He’s reading D. Yes, he is writing. ( )5. The men ________ to the radio. A. are listening B. listening C. is listening D. are listening ( 6. Thanks for_______me. A. helps B. is helping C. helping D. help ( )7. We are doing ______. A. our homework B. our homeworks C. her homework D. his homework ( )8. Here ______ a photo of my family. You can see me in it. A. are B. is C. am D. be ( )9.______ the first photo, I ______ at the mall. A. On; shop B. On; shopping C. In; am shopping D. In; am shopping ( )10. Do you want ______ to the movies with us this evening? A. go B. to go C. goes D. going ( )11. Look,Nancy _______ a letter to her parents. A. writing B. is writing C. is writing D. writes ( )12. Listen! Who_________? ---Emma is. A. singing B. is singing C. sing D. are singing ( )13. —Where is Mike? —He’s _______ the pool. A. swim at B. swimming at C. swimming at D. swims ( )14.It’s six o’clock. The Green family _______ dinner. A. is eating B. are eating C. are eating D. eats ( )15. Jimmy likes _______ soccer. Look! He is _________ soccer. A. playing; playing B. play; play C. plays; plays D. playing; plays ( )16. That sounds very _______.A. nice B. good C. well D. both A and B ( )17.This is a photo _______ my family.A. of B. on C. in D. ’s ( )18. Who _______my parents talking _______? A. are; / B. is; / C. are; to D. is; at ( )19. Kate has many _______,and she likes _______ very much. A. pictures; them B. picture; them C. pictures; it D. picture; it ( )20. Thank you for _________ me a letter. A. write B. to write C. is writing D. writing ( )2 1. Please be quiet, my grandfather___________ . A sleep B sleeps C is sleeping D are sleeping ( ) 22. In__________ photo, a boy is playing soccer. A two B second C the two D the second ( )2 3. Look! Mary and her brother _______ there. A are talking over B is talking over C are talking to D are talking about ( ) 24. I_______ my room every day. But now I _____. A clean, am reading B am cleaning, reading C cleaning, read D clean, read ( ) 25. In the picture you can see a boy swimming. His father _______ him. A sees B is looking C is look at D is watching ( ) 26. It’s 7o’clock. Tom___________ dinner at home. A is having B have C has D having ( ) 27. We __ any Chinese classes on Thursdays. And we __an English class now. A aren’t having, are having B don’t have , have C don’t have, are having D aren’t having, don’t have ( ) 28. ----Let’s go to the park, Lily. ----- . Shall we go now? A Sorry, I can’t B Sure C It’s boring D Thanks ( ) 29. -----Ling Ming, are you listening or writing? ----- . A Yes, I am B I’m listening C No, I am not writing D I’m listening and writing ( ) 30. -----What are you doing? ----- _________. It is too dirty. A I’m doing my homework B I’m playing computer games C I’m cleaning the room D I’m writing 五.用所给的单词的适当形式填空。(10 分) 1. The __________(man) are playing cards under the tree in the park. 2. Listen! Lisa (sing) in the next classroom. 3. Look, Jack! Who ____________(clean) the blackboard? 4. We want ___________(buy) some books. 5. Can you ______________(look) after the child, Ann? 6. It is seven o’clock . They _____________(eat) some cakes. 7. ___________(do) he often get up early? Yes, he does. He __________(read) English now. 8. Let’s ____________(have) some salad. Good idea . I like it very much. 9Listen, some boys _______________(talk) in the room. 六.句型转换。(10 分) 1. Ann is reading under the tree.(就划线部分提问) __________ _______ Ann ____________? 2. They are cleaning the desks. (就划线部分提问) ________ _________ they __________? 3. Tom often draws pictures in the evening. (用 now 改写句子) Tom ______ ______ pictures now. 4. Linda is writing a letter to her pen pal. (改为否定句) Linda______ ______a letter to her pen pal. 七.据课文翻译句子。(10 分) 1.我正在看电视。 I am _________ TV. 2.他们正在打电话。They’re _______ _________ the phone. 3.Tom 正在做家庭作业吗? 不,他在写信。 Is Tom ______ his _____? No, he_____ _____a _____. 4.你想去看电影吗?Do you _______ ________ _______ to the movies? 5.这个电视节目很无聊。This _____ _______ is ________. 6.你妈妈正在等谁? ________ is your mother ______ _______? 7.我爷爷在看报纸。 My grandfather is __________ ___________ __________. 第 10 页 共 10 页

Unit 7 It’s raining 二、短语归纳 1.play computer games 玩电脑游戏 2.at the park 在公园里 3.have a good/great time 玩得高兴 4.take a message 捎个口信;传话 5.no problem 没问题 6.in picture D 在图画 D 上 7.by the pool 在游泳池旁 8.summer vacation 暑假 9.write to sb.给某人写信 10.take a photo/take photos 拍照 11.not bad 不错 12.study hard 努力学习 13.in the mountains 在山里 14.call sb. back 给某人回电话 15.right for...适合?? 16.some of... ??当中的一些 17.take a photo of...给??拍一张照片 三、用法集萃 1.tell sb. (not) to do sth.告诉某人(不要)做某事 2.have a great time +(in) doing sth.愉快地做某事 3.just right for doing sth 做某事正合适 IV 重点句子 —How’s the weather in Shanghai?—上海的天气怎么样? —It’s cloudy.—阴天 —How’s it going?—情况怎么样? —No bad, thanks.—不错,谢谢。 Sounds like you’re having a good time. 听起来像是你玩的很高兴. Can I take a message for him?我能给他捎话吗? —Cloud you just tell him to call me back?—你能告诉他让他给我回电话好吗? —Sure, no problem.—当然可以,没问题。 I’m having a great time visiting my aunt in Canada. 我正在加拿大看望我的姨妈,并且玩的很开心。 I’m sitting by the pool and drinking orange. 我正做在游泳池边喝橙汁。 It’s very relaxing here. 这里非常令人放松。 How’s your summer vacation going?你的暑假过得怎么样? My family and I are on a vacation in the mountains. 我和我的家人正在山里度假 。 I want to call you but my phone isn’t working. 我想给你打电话,但是我的手机没有信号。 It’s hot in your country now, isn’t it? 现在你的国家天气炎热,不是吗? 四、佳作欣赏 I live in a city of Gui Zhou.It is small but clean. It’s hot in summer, sometimes it is winy and rainy. Men are wearing T-shirt,and women are wearing beautiful skirts. Some are going shopping, others are hanging out. There is a park in our city. It is a good place for people to spend some time in summer.Look! The old people are playing cards for fun under the trees.Some woman are chatting. Some children are flying the kites on the Square(广场).They are having a good time there. 询问天气 1)How’s the weather? It’s…… 北京的天气怎么样?多云。 How’s the weather in Beijing? It’s cloudy. 2) What’s the weather like?It’s…… What’s the weather like in Beijing? It’s cloudy. 3. cook 1)v. 做饭 2)n. 厨师 cooker n. 厨具 4. How’s it going? 情况如何? Not bad.不错。Great.太好了。Terrible.太糟了。 Pretty good.相当好 Just so so.马马虎虎 8. on vacation 在度假;在假期中 9. take a photo/take photos 拍照 12. lie v.平卧;躺 (想在分词 lying) 14. surprised adj. “感到惊讶的” 1) be surprised at + n./ pron./v-ing 对??感到惊讶 We’re surprised at the news. 听到这个消息,我们非常诧异。 2) be surprised to do sth. We’re surprised to hear the news. 听到这个消息,我们非常诧异。 3) be surprised + that 从句 I’m surprised that he didn’t pass the exam 我对他没通过考试感到很惊讶。 16. scarf 围巾(pl. scarfs 或 scarves) 17. have a good time = enjoy oneself(oneself 要随主语的变化而变化) = have fun They are having a good time. = They are enjoying themselves.= They are having fun. 他们正玩得高兴。 18. everyone / every one 1) everyone“人人,每人”,仅指人,相当于 everybody,一般不能与 of 连用,作主语为单数。 Everyone is here.大家(人人)都来了。 2) every one“每一个(人或物)”,指人或物,常与 of 连用,谓语用单数. Every one of the book is interesting. 每本书都很有趣。 一.选择题 ( )1. --Where is Mr Smith? --He is in Beijing. You can call him_____ 1384232813. A. in B. at C, on D. about ( )2. --How' s it _________? --Terrible. A. go B. to go C. goes D. going ( )3. Thank you for _____ me the good news. A. tell B. tells C. telling D. to tell ( )4. --______ is the weather like_____ London? --It's very warm. A. What; about B. What; in C. How; about D. How; in ( )5.______everyone ______ basketball in your class ? . A. Does; plays B. Do; play C. Do; plays D. Does; play ( )6. Here______ some interesting TV shows for you to watch. A. is B. are C. has D. have ( ) 7. --Is your sister doing her homework now, Jack? --Yes,___ A. she is B. she' s C. she can D. she does ( ) 8. Does your brother enjoy _____ A. talking people B. talking to people C. to talk people D. talks to people ( ) 9. If you are good with kids, please come and work____ us_____ a teacher. A. to; for B. for; to C. for; as D. as; for ( )10. Look! They_____ beach volleyball on the beach. A. playing B. are playing C. plays D. play ( ) 11. Look at the __ It' s __ heavily now. A. rain; rain B. raining; raining C. rain; raining D. raining; rain ( ) 12. I can' t go to the park __ it' s snowing heavily. A. and B. because C. but D. / ( ) 13. --What does your sister do? --_________ A. She' s a nurse B. She's watching TV C. She' s singing D. She does some shopping 第 11 页 共 11 页

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) 14. --What are your parents doing? --__________ A. They are doctors B. They like walking C. TheY talk to each other D. They are taking photos ( ) 15.--Let's go to see animals in the zoo this Sunday. -- ______, I like animals. A. I am sorry B. No, thanks C. That sounds great D..You are welcome ( ) 16. --How' s the ___ in Wuhan now? --It' s very hot. A. room B. city C. weather D. place ( )17. Many kids like Jay Chou because he looks very __ A. cool B. terrible C. boring D. bad ( )18. --_____ is it going in America? --Not bad. My English is much better now. A. How B. What C. Why D. Where ( )19. --What are you doing in your room? --I am ______ . The soap opera is toofun. A. playing computer game B. watching TV C. listening to music D. sleeping ( )20. --Happy New Year. --__________. A. Thank you B. Happy New Year C. Not bad D. It' s terrible ( )21. --Where are you these years? --I am studying ______ Australia. A. at B. in C. with D. from ( )22. She likes to ______ sports clothes when she goes to work. A. play B. wear C. buy D. enjoy ( )23. It' s very hot in Guangzhou, but it' s still very ______ in Harbin now. A. hot B. humid- C. cold D. warm ( )24. I never(从末) hear him sing, but I am ___ to find that he sings so well. A. interesting B. surprised C. sorry D. scary ( )25. Look at so many old people _______ on the square. A. play sports B. playing sports C. to play sports D. are playing 五.按要求完成下面的句子。每空一词。 1. Mary wants to be an English teacher. (对画线部分提问) _________ _________Mary want to be? 2. My brother is doing his homework now. (对画线部分提问) ___________your brother__________ now? 3. It's rainy now. (改为同义句) It__________ __________ now. 4. Mary is playing the piano now. (改为一般疑问句) ________Mary__________ the piano now? 5. Mary can't watch TV because she is very busy. __________ ____________Mary watch TV? 6. The weatherin Qingdao is very warm. (对画线部分提问) ________is the ________ in Qingdao? 7. The musician is playing the guitar in the park? (改为一般疑问句) _________ the musician __________the guitar in the park? 8. John is taking a photo in the garden. (对画线部分提问) _______John ________ in the garden? 9. A group of kids are having a good time at the party. (对画线部分提问) _______ ________ having a good time at the party,? 10. How is the weather in London? (改为同义句) ________the weather_________ in London? . 六.根据汉语意思。翻译下面的句子。 1. David 正在学习。 David__________ ___________ now. 2.那里正在下雨吗? ________it__________there? 3. 谢谢您参加我们的访谈节目________ _________ ________our talk show 4. 这几天这儿的天气糟透了。 The ________is________ here these days. 5. 我叔叔在夏威夷度假。 My uncle is _______ ________ in Hawaii. 6.感谢观看《世界各地》。 __________________________________________ 7.有些人在打篮球,有些人在跑步。________________________________ Unit 8 Is there a post office near here? 二、短语归纳 1.post office 邮局 2.police station 警察局 3.pay phone 付电话费 4.on Bridge Street 在大桥街上 5.across from 在??的对面 6.next to 在??的旁边 7.between the post office and the library 在邮局和图书馆之间 8.in front of 在??前面 9.on Center Street 在中央大街上 10.near here 在这附近 11.go along 沿着??走 12.turn right 向右转 13.turn left 向左转 14.on one’s left 在某人的左边 15.at the first crossing 在第一个十字路口 16.in my neighborhood 在我的附近;邻近 17.on the right 在右边 三、用法集萃 turn right/left at the +序数词+crossing.在第几个十字路口向右/左转。 spend+时间/金钱+(in)doing sth. 花费时间/金钱在?? watch sb. doing 观看某人正在做某事 enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 四、 重点句子 —Is there a hospital near here?—这儿附近有医院吗? —Yes, there is. It’s on Bridge Street.—是的,有,它在大桥街上。 The pay phone is across from the library.付费电话在邮局的对面 The pay phone is between the post office and the library 付费电话在邮局和书馆之间。 Is there a bank near here?这儿附近有银行吗? It’s not too far from here.它离这儿不远。 Where is the bank?—银行在那里?—It’s next to the post office.— 它在邮局的旁边 There is a zoo in my neighborhood.在我家附近有一个动物园。 I love to watch the monkeys climbing around.我喜欢看猴子们到处攀登。 It’s very quiet and I enjoy reading there.它非常安静而且我喜欢在那儿看书。 I like to spend time there on weekends.在周末我喜欢在那儿度过。 佳作欣赏 This is our school. It is an old school with long history. It is not very big. There is only one football field,one basketball court and three buildings in our school. In the buildings ,there are thirty-four classrooms,one computer room,one library,and five teachers’ office.And there is a dining hall next to the teaching building. Our school is very beautiful. There are some trees,flowers and grass.the students in our school are very good.They are polite and friendly.and our teachers are very good,too.they work very hard. I love my school. 第 12 页 共 12 页

从括号中选择恰当的介词填空 (between, to, from, on, of) The library is across _______ my home. Tuesday is ________ Monday and Wednesday. Is the hospital next _______ the park or far ________ it? The restaurant is ________ the other side of the street. The supermarket is in front ________ the school. 单项选择 1. Can you swim _______ the river?( ) A. near B. between C. from D. across 2.________ , where is the park?( ) A. Hi B. Hello C. Excuse me D. Excuse 3.The hotel is ______ the bank.( ) A. across B. from C. across form D. next 4.We ______ a big family.( ) A. are B. have C. has D. there are 5.There isn’t a restaurant ______ here. ( ) A. in B. near C. from D. on 6.----Thank you very much..( ) ----____________ A. You’re welcome. B. Really? C. Nice to meet you. D. Thank you,too. 7.----Is there a library in your school?( ) ----___________. A. Yes,it is. B. No,it isn’t. C. Yes,there is. D. No,there aren’t. 8.----_______ is the park?( ) ----It’s on the right of the school. A.Where B. What C. Why D. How 9. _______ any books on the desk?( ) A. There is B. There are C. Is there D. Are there 10. _________ something wrong with my bike.Can I use yours?( ) A. It is B. It was C. There is D. There was 句型转换 1.There is a bank near the library. (对划线部分提问) ________ ________ near the library? 2.There is a pay phone near the school.(改为一般疑问句) ________ ________ a pay phone near the shool? 3.The hotel is across from the bank. (对划线部分提问) ____________ the hotel? 4.There is a pen in my pencil case.(改为同义句) I ________ a pen in my pencil case. 单项填空 My sister enjoys________the guitar in the park every morning. A.play B.plays C.playing D.to play 2、there is a beautiful garden ________fifth avenue A.on B.in C.at D.with 3.I want to find a house __________ many trees around it . A.with B.have C.has D.there are 4.Go ________this sereet and then turn right.. A.From B.to C.down D.on 5.There______some water in the glass. A.is B.are C.be D.has 6.Alice spends too much time _______computer games. A.play B.plays C.to play D.playing 7.Go straight and turn ______.The bank is ______. A.left;left B.left;on the left C.on the left D.left;to left 8.My father has a habit of jogging _____the Jinchuan River for an hour in the morning, A.between B.along C.over D.through 9.Julia ______a bus to work every day, A.brings B.has C.gets D.takes 10.I hope you ______a good time . A.to have B.have C.has D.having 2.用所给单词的适当形式填空 The children enjoy _______(play)soccer after class. She ______(go)home at five every afternoon. I spend much time _______(speak) English every morning, I can find the hotel ________(easy). You should turn right at the second ______(cross). I think money ________(be not)everything. I love to watch monkeys _______(climb) trees. There _______(be) a pen and two pencils in the box. 3.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.沿着第五大街走,然后左转。 Go____Fifth Street,then______ _______, 2.我家在一条喧闹的大街上。 My house is ______a noisy ________. 3.从机场坐出租车,沿着公路走,直到看到一个图书馆在你的右边。_______ _______ _________ from the airport and _______ ________ the road until you see a library ________ _________ __________ 4.沿着这条街走。你能很容易地到达图书馆。________ _________.You can get to the library _______. 5.请在第一个十字路口处向右拐。Please ________ ________ at the first _________. Unit 9 Section A Words+Phrases+Sentences height 身高 tall 高的 short 矮的 build 身材 hair 头发 actor 男演员 heavy 重的,胖 long 长的 actress 女演员 thin 瘦的 short 短的 What does he look like?

of medium height 中等身高 of medium build 中等身材 straight 直的 curly 卷曲的 blonde 金黄色

handsome 英俊的; 帅的 (男) pretty 漂亮的 (女) person 人

be(am/is/are)+身高/身材形容词;have/has+发型;wear+衣物; 形容词顺序:长短--形状(直卷)--颜色 be of medium height 中等身高 be tall 高的 be short 矮的 look like 长相 be of medium build 中等身材 be heavy=be fat 胖的 be thin 瘦 see you later 再见

wear glasses 戴眼镜

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have long/short/straight/curly hair 留长发/留短发/留直发/留卷发 have long straight hair 留长直发 have short curly hair 留短卷发 have short curly blond hair 留金色的短卷发(长短—形状---颜色) 谈 论 相 貌 邀 A:What does he look like? 他长什么样子? B:He is really tall 他个真高。 A:What does she look like?她长什么样子? B: She has long straight hair. 她留长直发。 A: What do they look like? 他们长什么样子? B: They’re of medium build. 他们中等身材。 A: Do they have straight or curly hair?他们留直发还是卷发?B:They have curly hair.他们留卷发。 A: Is he tall or short? 他个高还是矮? B: He isn’t tall or short. He’s of medium height.他不高不矮,中等身高。 What does your favorite actor or actress look like?你最喜欢的男演员或女演员长什么样?

Are you going to the movie tonight? 你今晚要去看电影吗?(进行时表示将来的含义) We’re meeting at seven, right?我们七点钟见面,对吧? 约 I may be a little late.我可能会迟一点。 Just meet in front of the cinema first.就在电影院前见面。 Section B Words+P hrases+Sentences have/has+发型/五官/脸型;wear+服装/饰物 nose 鼻子 mouth 嘴 eye 眼镜 face 脸 round 园的 artist 艺术家 put 放 each 每个 way 方式 describe 描述 differently 不同地 another 另一 real 真实的 end 结尾 crime 犯罪 criminal 罪犯 jeans 牛仔裤 have blonde/black hair 留金/黑发 have a long/round face 有一张长/园脸 have big/small eyes 有大/小眼睛 wear sport shoes 穿运动鞋子 an interesting job 一份有趣的工作 draw a good picture of each criminal 把每位罪犯的图画好 the same way 同样的方式 remember well 记得牢 描述人物 :基本信息(名字/年龄…)+相貌+衣着+其它(爱好+评价) My best friend is Jack. Let me tell you what 我最要好的朋友是杰克。让我告诉你他的长 he looks like. First of all, he is very tall and 相。 handsome. He has straight brown hair and he 首先,他个非常高也很帅。 doesn’t wear glasses. He usually wears jeans, 他留着棕色直发,他没戴眼镜。 a T-shirt and sports shoes. I like him because 他经常穿着牛仔裤、T 恤衫和运动鞋。 he is really cool and fun, and he is good at 我喜欢他是因为他真是又酷又有趣, soccer. 并且他擅长于踢球。 1.询问及描述某人的外貌特征 问:What do/does + 主语 + look like? “??看上去什么样?”/ “??长什么样?” 答:主语 + be + 描述人物外貌特征的形容词。 主语 + have/has + 名词(名词前可有多个形容词修饰)。 1)What does your friend look like? 你朋友长什么样? He is short and thin. He has short, black hair.他又矮又瘦,留着短直发。 2)What do they look like? 他们长什么样? They’re of medium height. 他们中等身高。 3)What does he look like? 他长什么样? He is of medium build, and he has a big nose.他中等身材,大鼻子。 2. look like “看起来像??” He looks like his father. 他看起来像他的父亲。 6. a little bit, a little, a bit 1) 修饰形容词或副词时,三者可通用,但 a little bit 比后两者所表示的程度稍弱一点。 Today is a little bit / a little / a bit cold. 今天有点冷。 2)修饰不可数名词时,a little 直接跟不可数名词,a bit 需加 of 再跟不可数名词。 There is a little / a bit of water in the glass. 杯子里有点水。 3)a little 和 a bit 在否定句中意思恰恰相反。not a little 相当于 very “很,非常”,not a bit 相当于 not….at all“一点也不”。 ① He is not a little hungry. = He is very hungry. 他很饿。 ② He is not a bit hungry. = He isn’t hungry at all. 他一点也不饿。 7. tell a joke / jokes 说笑话 tell a story / stories 讲故事 tell a lie / lies 撒谎 8. She never stops talking. 她总是讲个不停。 stop to do sth. “停下来去做某事”。指停止原来做的事情,去做另一件事情。 stop doing sth. “停止做某事”,指停止正在做的事情,即不做某事了。 1)He stops to do his homework. 他停下来开始做家庭作业。 He stops doing his homework. 他停止做家庭作业。 2)Class begins, please stop talking. 上课了,请不要说话。 3)We are all tired, stop to have a rest. 我们都累了,停下来休息一会儿吧。 13. remember/forget doing sth. 记得/忘记做过某事 (事情已做) remember/forget to do sth. 记得/忘记要去做某事 (事情还没做) 16. no more, not….any more., no longer, not….any longer 1) no more = not….any more 表示数量和程度的“不再(增加)”,常修饰终止性动词。 We won’t go there any more.我们不再去那里了。 The baby watched and listened, and she cried no more. 那个婴儿看着、听着,不再哭了。 2) no lo0nger = not….any longer 表示时间上“不再(延长)”,常修饰延续性动词。 He no longer lives here. 他不再住在这儿了。 You can’t stay here any longer.你不能再留在这儿了。 一、单项选择 (15 分) 第 14 页 共 14 页

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)1. --What ______ he ______ like? --He's tall and thin. A. is; look B. does; looks C. does; look D. is; looks )2. There is ______ hair on her head. A. a few B. a little C. few D. many )3. My father is a little fat. He loves ______ jokes. A. to tell B. tell C. to speak D. to say )4. She always ______ a red dress and white shoes. A. put on B. puts on C. in D. wears )5. Does he ______ a new look?A. has B. have C. with D. in )6. Please stop ______. It's time for meeting. A. to talk B. talk C. talking D. speaking )7. When you leave the room,please remember _____off(关掉)the light. A. turning B. turns C. to turn D. turned )8. She's a singer. She is good at ______. A. singing B. to sing C. sings D. sang )9. The young man ______ glasses is my teacher. A. wear B. wears C. put on D. with )10. He is new. Many people ______ him. A. doesn't know B. know C. don't know D. knows )11. I don't like country music,but my husband ______. A. do B. does C. did D. is )12. There ______ nobody in the room. A. is B. are C. has D. have )13. We need a waiter,please write a wanted ad ______ a waiter. A. to B. for C. of D. in )14. I'm reading the dialogue ______ Unit 7. A. at B. about C. for D. in )15. She plays ______ every day. A. sport B. the sport C. sports D. the sports

Unit 10 I’d like some noodles 【短语归纳】 1. would like 想 要 2. take one’s order 点 菜 3. beef soup 牛肉 汤 4. one bowl of… 一 碗 ? ? 5. what size 什么 尺 寸 6. mapo tofu with rice 带米饭的麻婆豆腐 7. what kind 什么种类 8. small / medium / large bowl 小/ 中/大碗 9. green tea 绿茶 10. orange juice 橘汁 11. around the world 世界各地 12. birthday cake 生日蛋糕 13. the number of… 的数量 14. make a wish 许个愿望 15. blow out 吹灭 16. in one go 一口气 17. come true 实现 18. cut up 切碎 【典句必背】 1. What kind of noodles would you like? 你想要哪种面条? 2. I’d like beef noodles, please. 我想要牛肉面。 3. What size would you like? 你想要多大的? 4. I’d like a medium bowl, please. 我想要一个中碗的。 5. Would you like a large bowl? 你想要一个大碗的吗? 6. Yes, please. 好吧。 7. If he or she blows out all the candles in one to, the wish will come true. 假如他或她一口气吹灭所有的蜡烛,愿望将实现。 8. would like“想要”,相当于 want, 用法亦同 want,但比 want 委婉。 1)want/would like sth. 想要某物 I’d like some noodles 2)want/would like to do sth. 想要做某事 I’d like to play the piano 我想要弹钢琴。 3)want/would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 I would like him to help me. 我想要他帮助我。 4)would you like sth. 你想要某物吗?(委婉地询问对方的要求时的用语) 肯定回答:Yes, please. 否定回答:No, thanks. 5) Would you like to do sth?你想要/愿意做某事吗?(向对方有礼貌地提出建议或邀请) 肯定回答:Yes, I’d like/love to. 是的,我愿意。否定回答:Sorry, + 原因。 6)Would you like to go shopping with us? 你想要/愿意和我们一起去购物吗? Yes, I’d like/love to. 是的,我愿意。 Sorry, I have a lot of homework to do. 2. noodle “面条”,可数名词,复数 noodles。 3.What kind of….would you like?你想要那种??? kind 1)种类 ①a kind of....一种......②many kinds of....多种.....③all kinds of....各种各样的...... 2)仁慈的,和蔼的,好意的,友爱的 ①He is a kind man. ②He is kind to everyone.他与人为善。③It’s very kind of you to help me. 3)kind of + adj/adv 稍微/有几分??(相当于 a little) He is kind of /a little shy. 5. What size…..“多大??” ①What size bowl of noodles would he like? 他想要多大碗的面条? He’d like a small/medium/large bowl of noodles.他想要一个小/中/大碗的面条。 ②What size shoes do you wear? 你穿多大号的鞋? I wear size 40. 我穿 42 码的鞋。 6. fish 鱼;鱼肉 1)指多少条“鱼”,为可数名词。复数:fish 或 fishes,通常用复数 fish. 2) 指多少种“鱼”, 为可数名词。复数: fishes 3)指“鱼肉”,为不可数名词。 There’re hundreds of fish in the pool. 在这水池里有几百条鱼。 There’re all kinds of fishes in the lake. 这个湖里有各种各样的鱼。 Help yourself to some fish. 请随便吃些鱼。 7. 英语中表示食物的一些词的特殊用法 1)beef, fish, chicken, pork, meat, mutton 等表示肉类的食物,是不可数名词。 2)vegetable 蔬菜,可数名词 3)fruit, salad, ice cream, food 等指总称时是不可数名词,指种类时是可数名词。 4)cabbage, onion, fish, chicken 指食物时是不可数名词,指植物和活着的“鱼”“鸡”时是可数名词。 基础巩固 I.单项选择(15 分) ( ) 1. ----Would you like green tea ____ juice ? ---- I don’t like green tea ____ juice. A. and , and B. or , or C. and , or D. or , and ( ) 2. ---- Would you like _____ tea with ice in it ? --- Yes , I ____ . A. any , would B. some, would C. any , will D. some , will ( ) 3. The noodles with orange juice ____ only $ 1.5. A. is B. are C. for D. with ( ) 4. ---How many _____ would you like ?--- Two , please . A. cup of tea B. cups of tea C. cup of tea D. cups of teas ( ) 5. Some chicken _____ in the bowl . And some ____ are in the garden. A. is , chicken B. are , chicken C. is , chickens D. are, chickens 第 15 页 共 15 页

) 6. He’d like some _____ noodles . A. onions and mutton B. onions and muttons C. onion and muttons D. onion and mutton ) 7. ---Would you like some ice cream , Vera? ---- ______ . It’s my favorite . A. No, I’m not thirsty . B. No, thanks . C. Yes , I do . D. Yes , please . ( ) 8. I’d like ____ some rice and fish for supper. A. eat B. eats C. eating D. to eat ( ) 9. There’s some _____ on the table . A. milk B. onion C. tomato D. potato ( ) 10. --- What size of shoes would you like ? --- I’d like ____ ones . A. black B. blue C. a medium D. large ( ) 11. --- What’s your aunt’s ______? ---It’s No. 18 Fifth Avenue. A. number B. address C. name D. age ( ) 12. -----________ ? ---- I’d like to buy a pair of shoes for my daughter . A. Excuse me . B. I’m hungry . C. Can I help you D. Can you help me? ( ) 13. ______ meat would your brother want ? A. How B. How many C. How much D. What ( ) 14. My brother likes potatoes . He ______ likes hamburgers A. too B. also C. other D. others ( ) 15. What _____ food would you like , Mary ? A. kind B. kind of C. kind for D. of kind V. 完成句子,每空一词。(25 分) 1. 他想要多大碗的面条? _______ _______ bowl of noodles _____ he ______ ? 2. 我想要牛肉土豆面。I’d like _______ and _________ noodles. 3. 他想要一份中号碗的面条。He’d like _______ _______ bowl ______ noodles . 4. 你想要那种甜点?_____ ______ _______ _______ would you like ? 5. 我们也有橙汁和绿茶。We ______ ______ orange juice and ______ _______ . 6. I’d like to have some porridge and onions.(改为否定句) I _______ like to have any porridge _______ onions . 7. She wants to eat dumplings.(改为同义句) She ______ _______ to eat dumplings. 8. Can I help you ? (同义句) ______ can I do ______ you ? 9. We have beef noodles . (改为一般疑问句) _____ ______ have beef noodles? Unit 11 How was your school trip? 【短语归纳】 1. go for a walk 去散步 2. milk a cow 挤牛奶 3. ride a horse 骑马 4. feed chickens 喂小鸡 5. talk with 与??谈话 6. take photos 拍照 7. quite a lot 相当多 8. show… around 带领??参观 9. learn about 了解 10. from… to… 从??到?? 11. grow strawberries 种植草莓 12. pick strawberries 采草莓 13. in the countryside 在乡下 14. go fishing 去钓鱼 15. at night 在夜晚 16. a lot of 许多;大量 17. come out 出来 18. go on a school trip 去学校郊游 19. along the way 沿线 20. after that 之后 21. buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物 22. all in all 总的来说 23. take a / the train 乘火车 24. be interested in 对??感兴趣 25. not… at all 根本不?? 【用法集萃】 1. How + be…? + like? ??怎么样? 2. too many + 可数名词复数 太多的?? 3. teach sb. how to do sth. 教某人怎样做某事 4. quite + a / an + 形容词+可数名词单数 = a + very + 形容词 + 可数名词单数一个相当 / 很?? ( ( 【典句必背】 1. —How was your school trip? 你的学校郊游怎么样? —It was great! 好极了! 2. —Did you go to the zoo? 你去动物园了吗? —No, I didn’t. I went to a farm. 不,没有。我去农场了。 3. —Did you see any cows? 你看见一些牛奶了吗? —Yes, I did. I saw quite a lot. 是的,我看见了,我看见相当多(的牛奶) 4. —Were the strawberries good? 这些草莓是好的吗? — Yes, they were. 是的,它们是。 / No, they weren’t. 不,它们不是。 5. Everything was about robots and I’m not interested in that. 一切都是关于机器人的,我对那方面不感兴趣。 【经典范文】 I had a busy weekend. On Saturday morning, I did my homework, and then I played computer games. In the afternoon, I visited my grandmother. We talked for a long time.On Sunday morning, I cleaned my room and did some reading. Then I cooked for my parents. In the afternoon, I watched a football match on TV and listened to music. I had a good time. Regular verbs 规则动词(其过去式一般在动词原形末尾加-ed) regular 规则的 Present Past 中文 Present Past 中文 Present Past 中文 visit visited 拜访; stay stayed 停留; live lived 居住 play played 打,玩 clean cleaned 打扫 study studied 学习 watch watched 观看 cook cooked 烹调, stop stopped 停止 Irregular verbs 不规则动词 irregular 不规则的 verb 动词 am/is was 是 are were 是 do did 做;进 go went 去 have/has had 有,吃 see saw 看见 write wrote 写 feed fed 喂养 hear heard 听到 say said 说 meet met 见面 make made 制造 run ran 跑步 take took 搭乘, eat ate 吃 buy bought 买 get got 得到 give gave 给 bring brought 带来 draw drew 画 swim swam 游泳 fight fought 打架 blow blew 吹 drink drank 喝 think thought 想 fly flew 飞 leave left 离开 put put 放 sing sang 唱歌 come came 来 第 16 页 共 16 页

cut cut 砍 sit sat 坐 know knew 知道 read read 阅读 drive drove 开车 keep kept 保持 let let 让 tell told 告诉 sleep slept 睡 write wrote 写 pay paid 付款 forget forgot 忘记 ride rode 骑 lose lost 丢失 wear wore 穿 重点短语: hang out 闲逛 sleep late 睡过头 take photos = take pictures 照相 at the end of 在……的尽头 have a great time = have fun = enjoy oneself 玩得高兴 the class monitor 班长 a day off 一整天 go for a drive 开车兜风 have fun doing sth. 做某事很愉快 a bowl of 一碗 help sb. [to] do sth. 帮助某人做某事二.选 择填空(25 分) 1.Were there ____________ sharks? A. some B. any C. a lot 2.What ____________ did you do? A. other B. else C. others 3.—Were you at home yesterday? —____________. A. Yes, I were. B. Yes, I am. C. Yes, I was. 4. — Did they take any photos? —____________. A. No, they didn't B. No, they did C. No, they aren't 5.My mother ____________ some cakes for us last night. A. makes B. maked C. made 6. After two hours the children got to the hill, tired ___ happy. A. and B. but C. although D. however 7. Which team _________ the game yesterday? A. took B. wanted C. visited D. won 8. _______ did you spend your vocation last summer? A. When B. Who C. Where D. What 9. I went out and ________ in the river. A. swim B. swam C. swimming D. to swim 10. The music sounds _______, I like it very much. A. good B. well C. bad D. beautifully 11. I ____ late ______ class yesterday morning. A. was, for B. was, to C. am, for D. am, to 12. -_______ did they play games? -For two hours. A. What time B. When C. How long D. How often 13. Tomorrow I have a day off, so I want to _______. A. take a class B. hang out with my friends C. takes a class D. hangs out with my friends 14. Class 4 went to the _____ to see some sharks. A. cinema B. aquarium C. park D. movie 15. -When did you go to bed last night? -About 11 o’clock. I _______. A. slept early B. slept late C. got up early D. get up early 16. ---Were there any seals in the zoo? ---________. A. Yes, there weren't B. No, there weren't C. Yes, there were. D. Yes, there was. 17. What _______he do on his last school trip? A. does B. did C. is D. was 18. After I my homework, I went out to an aquarium. A. was doing B. did C. does D. would do 19. We any sharks on my last school trip. A. saw B. didn’t saw C. didn’t see D. see 20. He finished the composition early last night. A. write B. writing C. to write D. wrote 21. I felt a little tired the end of the day. A. by B. in C. at D. on 22. _______the sharks exciting? A. Did B. Does C. Was D. Were 23.Finally, __________, we took the bus back to school. A. tired and happy B. exciting but happy C. tired but happy D. tiring and happy 24.Did you buy________ in the supermarket? A. something B. everything C. anything D. some thing 25. -How did you like your last day off? -I it very much. A. like B. liked C. likes D. will like 三.词汇 (15 分) 1.Last Sunday I brought a ____________(纪念品) from Japan. 2.We saw many fish and sharks in the ____________(水族馆). 3.The students ____________(have) a school trip yesterday. 4.Where ____________ (be)he last night? 5.They ____________(visit) Chicago last year. 6.Last Sunday, she met her favorite singer and got his ______________(亲笔签名). 7. We saw many fish and sharks in the ____________(水族馆). 8. Last Sunday I brought a ____________(纪念品) from Japan. 9.A:What _______ did you do there?(别的) B: We took some photos. 10.Which team _________ the game, Class One or Class Two(获胜)? 11.We went to the Great Wall and h__________ a great time. 12.She got lots of g_________ on her fourteenth birthday. 13.A: What about going out for a d__________ ? B: Sorry, I just feel like going out for a walk. 14.Kids like o_________ activities very much . 15.There were many v________ on vacation in our Yue qing. 四.句型转换 (10 分) 1.I watch TV every evening.(用过去时改写) I ____________ TV yesterday evening. 2.It was a fine day yesterday.(对划线部分提问) ____________ ____________ the ____________ yesterday? 3.He did his homework last night.(改为否定句) He ____________ ____________ his homework last night. 4.I was in the supermarket yesterday afternoon.(对划线部分提问) ____________ ____________ you yesterday afternoon? 5.I saw some seals(海豹).(改为一般疑问句) ____________ you ____________ ____________ seals? Unit 12 What did you do last weekend? 【短语归纳】 1. do my homework 做我的家庭作业 2. go to cinema 去看电影 3. go boating / camping 去划船/去野营 4. play badminton 打羽毛球 5. on Saturday morning 在星期六早上 6. work as 以??身份而工作 7. have a good weekend 周末过得愉快 8. kind of 有点儿 9. stay up late 熬夜 10. run away 跑开 11. shout at 对??大声叫嚷 12. fly a kite 放风筝 13. high school 中学 14. put up 搭起,举起 15. in the countryside 在乡下 16. get a surprise 吃惊 17. make a fire 生火 18. each other 互相 第 17 页 共 17 页

19. so… that… 如此??以至于??20. go to sleep 入睡 21. the next morning 第二天早上 22. look out of…向??外看 23. shout to 冲??呼喊 24. up and down 上上下下 25. wake…up 把??弄醒 26. move into… 移进?? 【用法集萃】 1. go + doing 去做某事 2. play + 球类 玩??球 3. 时间段+ ago ??前 4. keep + sb. / sth. + 形容词 / 副词 / 介词短语 使??保持?? 5. so + 形容词 / 副词+ that 句子 如此??以至于?? 6. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事 7. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 8. start to do / doing sth. 开始做某事 【典句必背】 1. —What did you do last weekend? 上个周末你做什么了? —I did my homework. / We went boating.我做了我的家庭作业。/我们去划船了。 2. —Who visited her grandma? 谁看望了她的奶奶? — Becky did. 贝姬看望了。 3. My sister finished high school two weeks ago. 我的姐姐两周前中学毕业了。 4. But I was so tired that I went to sleep early. 但是我是如此疲倦,以至于我很早就睡着了。 【经典范文】 My friend Li Hua came to visit me on May Day. During the following days I showed him around the city. We went to the Guangzhou Museum on the morning of May 2. We learned much about the history of Guangzhou. In the afternoon., we climbed the Baiyun Hills. It was really great fun! In the evening. I took Li Hua to the night zoo. It was interesting to see animals at night. The next day, we went to the bookshops to buy books. Though we were very tired, we enjoyed ourselves very much. 一般过去时(past tenses):定义:表示过去某时间的动作或状态。 结构:―主语+动词的过去式‖ 1.规则动词的过去式: 1)一般情况在动词原形后加-ed 2)以不发音 e 结尾的加-d 3)以辅音加 y 结尾的,去 y 变 i 加-ed 4)以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母,先双写该辅音字母,再加-ed watch---watched practice---practiced study---studied stop---stopped 1) want - wanted 2)live--lived 3) study – studied clean – cleaned dance – danced play – played turn ______ taste _______ stay _______ happen ______ waste _______ cry ________ wish _________ agree _______ marry _______ 4)stop—stopped plan______ 你知道下列动词的过去式吗? do ______ go ______ have _____ is_____ see_____ sit______ read______ 用所给动词的适当形式填空。 We ______ (live) in Japan last year Jack________ (stop) the car last Sunday Tom _______ (clean) my room and _______(study) for the Chinese test last weekend. 4.What ______ you ______(do) last night? 5.On Sunday morning I _______(play) tennis. 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1.What (do) your father do last Monday? 2.Tom (study) English last night. 3.They (go) to the park last Saturday afternoon. 4.We ( have) a class meeting last Tuesday afternoon. 5.He (watch) TV over the weekend. 6.Lily (swim) last Sunday. 7.The boys (visit) his uncle last Friday.

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