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七年级英语上册Unit 2 This is my sister单元简析

发布时间:2013-09-30 08:32:47  

Unit 2 This is my sister

重点词汇及短语:

sister(n.) mother(n.) father(n.) parent(n.)

brother(n.) grandmother(n.) grandfather(n.)

grandparent(n.) family(n.) those(pron.) who(pron.)

these(pron.) they(pron.) day(n.) well(interj.)

son(n.) cousin(n.) aunt(n.) grandma(n.)

uncle(n.) daughter (n.) here (adv.) of (prep.)

photo(n.) picture(n.) girl(n.) next(adj.& n.)

grandpa(n.)

my sister我的姐姐/妹妹 my brother我的哥哥/弟弟

my family我的家庭 have a good day过得愉快

two nice photos of my family 我家的两张漂亮的全家福

in the first photo在第一张照片里 the name of ......的名字

重点句型:

This is ... 这是.......

Is this...? 这是......吗?

These/those are... 这些/那些是......

Are these/those...? 这些/那些是......吗?

Who is/are...? ......是谁?

单元重难点解析:

1.典例:Your parents _______ (is, are) here.

2.典例1:请用this或that填空。

The man is over there. ______ is my teacher.

典例2:______ (那)is an apple and _______(这) is a pen._________(那些)are my grandparents over there and _______(这些)are my friends.

典例3:This ‘s my sister.(请改错)

3.典例:This ______ a big family.My family ______happy.(be)

辩析:family home house

4.典例:_______ is that man over there?---He is dick’s uncle. A.Where B.What C.Who D.Which

5.典例1:How are you?---- I’m very w_______.

典例2:She is an English teacher, so she can speak English very _______. A.nice B.well C.good D.bad

6.有关day的短语:day after day, these days, the whole day, day by day, New Year’s Day, Children’s Day

7.典例1:He is fine, _____(也)

典例2:He is a student, too.(改为同义句)

典例3:He doesn’t like comedies, ______.

8.典例:Here _____ my family photos.

A.is B.am C.are D.isn’t

单元重点语法详解:

I.指示代词

一、指示代词是表示“这个;那个;这些;那些”的代词。其中,this和these指离说人较近的人或事物;that和those 指离说话人较远的人或事物。

典例:Look!do you know _____ man under the tree?

Sorry. It’s too far to see _____ clearly.

A.this;him B.that;his C.this;her D.that;him

二、指示代词this, that 作主语时,系动词be用单数形式is, 同时后面的名词用单数形式;当these, those作主语时,系动词be 用复数形式are,同时后面的名词用复数形式。

典例:That ______ my aunt.

These _______ our bikes.(is, are)

三、在回答主语是this或that的一般疑问句或特殊疑问句时,在答语中用it代替问句中的this或that.当回答主语是these或those 的问句时,在答语中用they来代替句中的these或those。

典例1:Is that your pen?---- Yes, ______ ______.

典例2:Are these your cousins?----No, ______ ______.

四、在介绍某人时或在电话用语中使用this或that, 不用he或she.

典例: Hello! Is that Kate speaking? Yes, ______.

A.it’s Kate B.I’m Kate C.this is Kate. D.Kate is me

II.Who引导的特殊疑问句

一、who用于实义动词前作主语,且提问时常用作第三人称单位数。

典例1:______ likes science?----My friend Rosie does.

典例2:Do you know the man ______ is reading the book over there?----Yes, he’s Mr. Green, our P.E. Teacher.

A.which B.what C.whom D.who

二、who 用于be动词之后作主语。

_______ is your math teacher?---- Ms Da.

三、who用于动词之后或介词之后作宾语。

______ do you often play tennis with? Tom.

III.名词复数

一)一般情况在后面加s。如:fathers, books, Americans, Germans, apples, bananas

二)x, sh, ch, s, 后加es。如:boxes, glasses, dresses, watches, wishes, faxes

三)1)以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为i再加es 如:baby-babies, family-families, duty-duties, comedy-comedies, documentary-documentaries, story-stories

2)以元音字母加y结尾的直接加s。如:day-days, boy-boys, toy-toys, key-keys, ways

四)以o结尾:黑人英雄在火山上爱吃西红柿子和土豆。Negro, hero, volcano, tomato, potato

五)以f或fe结尾的变f为v再加es(s)。如:knife-knives, wife-wives, half-halves, shelf-shelves, leaf-leaves, yourself-yourselves

中考练兵:

一、根据句意及所给提示完成单词

1.that is his good f_________ Emma.

2.A_______ these your sister?

3.My father’s parents are my g_________.

4.This is my book .T________ are his books.

5.H________ a good day!

6.Mike is my father and Mary is my mother.They are my _________(parent).

7.My ________(father) brother is my uncle.

8.________(this)are my English books.

9._________(those) is my grandmother.

10.What’s _______ _______ _____ (...的名字)your white dog.

二、单项选择

1.That is my ______.

A.brothers B.families C.father D.friends

2.Are ______ your friends?

A.that B.this C.those D.it

3.______ is ______ man over there?

It’s Jim Brown. We often play basketball together.

A.Which; the B.Who; this C.Who; that D.Which; that

4.Is zhang Tao your brother? ----________.

A.Yes, he is. B.No, he is

B.C.Yes, he isn’t D.No, I’m not.

5.Are these your parents?----Yes,______

A.they are B.they aren’t C.these are D.it is

6.Is this your notebook?----No, ______ isn’t. Ask Bill. He is looking for ______ note book.

A.it;he B.it;his C.its; he D.it’s;his

7. Frank and Mary are my mother’s parents.They are my _______.

A.grandparents B.grandfather

B.C.grandmother D.parents

8.Have a good day! _______.

A.OK B.Thanks

C.Nice to meet you. D.Good morning

9.Alan, this is my aunt._______.

A.Thank you B.Who is she? C.Bye!

10.Your family _______ big.

A.are B.am C.aren’t D.is

11. She likes blue.I like blue,____.

A.also B.yes C.to D.too

12._______ is that girl?

She is my friend, Jenny.

A.How B.what C.Where D.Who

13.Mrs Smith has _____ son and a daughter.

A.A B.an C.the

14.My friend tom comes from Canada and _____ is a tall boy with blue eyes.

A.he B.his C.she D.it

15.Is this _______ dictionary?----No, it’s not mine. A.you B.your C.yours

16.Is it a photo ______ your family?

A.and B.of C.on D.or

17.My key _____ in my backpack.Those ______ my keys.

A.are;are B.is;aren’t

C.are;aren’t D.is;isn’t

18.Here ______ my family photos.

A.is B.am C.are D.I

19.Tom’s mother is your aunt.He is your _____.

A.friend B.brother C.uncle D.cousin

20.In my family, I have _____ uncle and _____aunt.

A.a;a B.a;an C.an;a D.an;an

21. This is Mary and this Jane.______ my _______.

A.She’s friend B.They’re;friends

C.They’re; friend D.She’s; friends

22.these are pencils. Those are ______, too.

A.watches B.keys C.pens D.pencils

三、按要求完成句子

1.Let’s go to the zoo at two o’clock.

________(好吧 ), that’s a good idea.

2.Wash your hands before you have meals.

Oh, _______(我知道了)

3.He’对画线部分提问)

4.These are my father and mother.(改为同义句)

These are ______ _______.

5.that’s my aunt.(改为一般疑问句)

_______ ______ ______ aunt.

6.Look at my family photo.(改为同义句)

Look at the ______ of _____ _____.

7.下一幅图中有什么?(汉译英)

What is in ______ _______ picture.

8.旺旺也在我家。(汉译英)

Wangwang is _______ my family, ______.

9.her, photo, of, family, here, is, a(.)(连词成句)

10.parents, in, picture, first, the, are, my(.)(连词成句)

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