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广州牛津初三(上)Unit2 LEARNING FOCUS

发布时间:2013-09-30 09:22:02  

Unit2 hairstyle

一.

LEARNING FOCUS

二.短语

1. on top of the world 欢天喜地, 心满意足

we promise our hairstyles will make you feel on top of the world.

2.depend on 取决于,由…决定

Your best hairstyle depends on the shape of your face.

3.care for 照顾,护理

Here are some of the things you need to care for your hair properly.

4.first of all 第一,首先

First of all, keep yourself healthy.

5.lack of… 的缺乏 6.rob somebody of something 剥夺,夺去

Lack of protein and iron can secretly rob your hair of its shiny beauty.

7.prevent sb. from doing sth.防止(阻止)做某事

Drinking plenty of water is also important to help prevent your hair from getting dry.

In summer wearing a pair of dark glasses can protect our eyes from being hurt by the sun. 夏季戴上一幅墨镜能防止太阳照射。 free...from“免于……”。

8.worry about 担心, 担忧 9.prepare for 为……做准

Young people have many things to worry about, like doing difficult homework or preparing for

Unit2 hairstyle

important exams.

10.have sth done 让他人为你做(某事) have something done句式

如果把这个句式的意思简单理解为“让某事被某人做”,显然是不准确的。

Where do you normally have your hair cut? 你平时都在哪儿剪头发?

Tom had his nose broken in a fight. 汤姆的鼻子在打架时弄破了。

We had a lot of books left in the classroom. 我们留了很多书在教室里。

have your hair cut表示“你的头发被某人剪”,而其余两句都没有这个意思。

从以上例句可见,have something done这一句式有三种含义:

⑴ 表示“安排某人做某事,使某事物被处理”,即我们通常所说的“让某事被某人做”。这种情况多指技术类的工作让别人完成,如房屋装修、机器维修等专业的技术活儿。

例1 Last year, we had the house rebuilt. 去年,我们的房子翻新过了。(翻新房子的不是我们自己,而是建筑工人)

例2 We're having our car repaired. 我们正在修车呢。(修车的不是我们自己,而是修车工人)

⑵ 表示“遭遇到某事”,通常是令人不快的事件;多指“某人偷了,弄坏或破坏了属于你的东西”。

例3 She’s had her wallet taken. 她的钱包被偷了。

例4 They have had their request refused. 他们的要求被拒绝了。

例5 If she’s lucky, she’ll have her business plan accepted. 如果她够幸运的话,她的商业计划会被接受。

⑶ 表示“处于某种状态”。这时候,也可以将have sth. done中的done改为形容词或介词短语,作宾语补足语。

例6 Brown has hardly any money saved for his old age. 布朗几乎没为他的后半生存什么钱。(布朗过着没有存款的生活)

例7 I had my eyes half-closed. 我半闭着眼睛。(形容词half-closed作宾语补足语,意义相当于with my eyes half-closed)

例8 The medicine will soon have you on your feet again. 这药会让你很快恢复健康的。(介词短语on your feet作宾语补足语,表示“回到健康状态”)

平时,我们经常可以看到have something done相似的句式get something done。get something done不仅与have something done形式相近,它同样可以表示have something done的三种含义。

例9 Go and get your hair cut! 你快去理发去!(表示让别人来给自己理发)

例10 She got her fingers caught in the door. 她的手指给门给夹了。(表示遭遇到“手指被门夹”这件不愉快的事)

例11 She soon got the children ready for school. 她很快帮孩子做好了上学的准备。(表示让孩子们处于准备上学的状态)

在日常口语的使用中,在不涉及其他人或物的时候,get something done使用得更多些。如,表示“去理发”多用have my hair cut;而表示“手指被卡住了”则多用get my finger stuck。 另外,get something done一般不用于现在完成时。例如,我们常说I’ve had my hair cut,但不说I 've got my hair cut。

Unit2 hairstyle

have sth.done

解析:“have sth.done”句型有三种含义:

①让别人做某事。We must have this house rebuilt.我们必须找人重修这所房子。 ②遭遇到某事。 He had his TV set stolen.有人偷走了他的电视机。

③完成或解决某事(自己也可能参加)。Mary had $2,000 saved.玛丽节省了两千美元。

11.how often 多常时间做一次(某事) 12.on average 平均

13.on one’s way to… 在某人去…….的路上 14.make an appointment 预约;约定

15.do one’s hair 理发;美发 16.make money 赚钱;获利

17.be based on 基于;根据 18.last but not last 最后

三、重点句型

It is / was + adj.+ for +sb.+ to do sth. 做某事对某人来说是怎么样的。for sb.表示对某人怎么样 It is wise for you to shampoo often.

It is important for you to reduce the pressure you are feeling.

It is / was + adj.+ of +sb.+ to do sth. 某人做某事真怎么样。of表示人的品质

It was foolish of you to go to a job interview with messy hair.

3…adj. + enough + to do sth. 足够…….做某事

enough + n. 足够的……

The boy is old enough to go to school.

You need to get enough green vegetables and fruit.

It takes sb. some time to do sth. 某人花费……..时间做某事。

She said that it took her an hour each day to wash it.

四.原文

Connie’s

191 Half Moon Stress

Open 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. daily

For a perfect hairstyle come to Connie’s! we promise our hairstyles will make you feel on top of the world. Get free advice from our experts.

What sort of hairstyle is best for me?

Your best hairstyle depends on the shape of your face. Short hair usually suits round faces. It makes the face look longer. Longer hair suits square faces. It hides the angles of the face.

How can I keep my hair healthy?

First of all, keep yourself healthy. Eat a good diet and get plenty of exercise. You will shine and so will your hair. Also look after your hair. City air is dirty and polluted, so it is wise for you to shampoo your hair often. Here are some of the things you need to care for your hair properly.

Unit2 hairstyle

Some people have a lot of hair, while others have thin hair or are bald on top of their heads.

However, hair problems can affect anyone if they have an unhealthy diet or lifestyle. Are you happy with the hair you have? If you are not, try the following advice.

The first step to a healthier head of hair is to make sure you are eating the right kinds of food. Lack of protein and iron can secretly rob your hair of its shiny beauty. You need to eat enough green vegetables and fruit.

Drinking plenty of water is also important to help prevent your hair from getting dry. Doctors suggest you drink eight to ten glasses each day.

The stress of life can also damage your hair. Young people have many things to worry about, like doing difficult homework or preparing for important exams.

It is important for you to reduce the pressure you are feeling. Listening to music and getting more rest can help.

You also need to think about the way you treat your hair. Too much perming and colouring can be harmful. Also, always be gentle with your hair. Do not rub it too quickly when you dry it. That could easily damage your hair.

Remember that using hairdryers too much can hurt your hair too. Finally, be sure to choose the right hair products for you.

Making an appointment(约会) What to do with hair loss

Baldness or hair loss is usually something only adults need to worry about. But in a few cases, teens lose their hair, too—and it may be a sign that something’s going on.Our hair is made of a type of protein called keratin(角蛋白).

A single hair consists of a hair shaft, a root below the skin, and a follicle, from which the hair root grows. At the lower end of the follicle is the hair bulb, where the hair’s colour pigment(色素)is produced. Most people lose about 50 to 100 head hairs a day. These hairs are replaced —they grow back in the same follicles on their heads. This amount of hair loss is totally normal, so you don’t need to worry about it. If you’re losing more than that, though, something might be wrong.

Losing hair can be stressful during a time when you’re already concerned about appearance. Most of the time, hair loss during the teen years is temporary (临时的). With temporary hair loss, the hair usually grows back after the problem that causes it is corrected.If you have hair loss and don’t know what’s causing it, talk to your doctor. A doctor can determine why the hair is falling out and suggest a treatment that will correct the problem, if necessary.

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