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七年级下册复习资料

发布时间:2013-09-30 10:59:29  

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①She doesn't have a new pen.她没有一枝新钢笔。

②They don't have lunch at home.他们不在家吃午饭。

③I don't have a brother.我没有一个弟弟。

肯定句变成一般疑问句需要用助动词do/does,即一般疑问句为―Do/Does+主语+have+其他‖。

所以以上三句的一般疑问句形式依次为:

① Does shehave a new pen她有一枝新钢笔吗? Yes,she does./No,she doesn't. ②Do they have lun at home?他们在家吃午饭吗?Yes,theydo./No,they don't.

③Do you have a brother?你有一个弟弟吗?Yes,I do./No,I don't.

(3)实义动词(表示人或动物动作的动词即行为动词)的一般现在时 肯定句由―主语+动词原形(s/es)‖构成。(注意:只有在主语为第三人称单数的情况下,动词原形后面才加s/es)。[来源:学*科*网Z*X*X*K]

例如:①I do homework every day.我每天都做作业。②He watches TV every evening.他每晚都看电视。 ..

肯定句变成否定句需要用助动词don't/doesn't,即由―主语+don't/doesn't+动词原形‖构成。

以上三句的否定句依次为:①Idon't do homework every day.我每天不做作业。

②He doesn't watch TV every evening.他每晚不看电视。

肯定句变成一般疑问句需要用助动词do/does,即一般疑问句为―Do/Does +主语+动词原形‖。所以以上三句的一般疑问句形式依次为:

①Do you do homework every day?你每天都做作业吗?Yes,I do./No,I don't.

②Does he watch TV every evening?他每晚都看电视吗?Yes,she does.No,she doesn't.

七年级英语下册

第一单元Unit 1 Where is your pal from?

国家与语言(熟悉内容):China – Chinese (汉语,中国人) England – English Canada – Canadian (加拿大人) France – French (法语,法国人)America – American (美国人)Japan – Japanese (日语,日本人) Australia – Australian (澳大利亚人)

(p1)be from =come from 来自 Linda is from Japan.= Linda comes from Japan.那么Where's your .

(p2)live住,居住(后跟地点是常用live in) 。例如:

Do you live in China? Yes,I do.No,I don't.I don'tlive in China. Where do you live? (where 是副词,和动词live搭配时,动词后不能加介词in)

,she does.No,she doesn't . His aunt doesn't live in Sydney. Where does His aunt live?

(p3)说某种语言用speak, speak Chinese/ English / Japanese / French 说汉语/英语/日语/法语

问某人说某种语言用句型What language do/does sb speak?

What language do you speak?I speak Chinese.

What language does Mary speak?She speaks English .

(p5,3a)14 years old 14岁 解释:数字+ year(s) old …岁 当数字大于1时,year用复数years。I am 30 years old. Her son is 1 year old.

(p5,3a)can为情态动词,―能,能够,会‖。后面跟动词时必须用动词原形。[来源:学。科。网]

肯定句变成一般疑问句需把can提到句首。肯定句变成否定句只需把can变成can't 既可。例如:

She can speak English. Can she speak English? Yes,she can.No,she can't .

She can't speak English.

(p5,3a)―Like+动词ing‖表示―喜欢做某事‖I like playing basketball.Tom likes listening to music.

注意:―Like+to+动词‖也表示―喜欢做某事‖,只是―Like+动词ing‖表示习惯性动作(也可以说是爱好),而―Like+to+动词‖表示一次性或短暂性的。Our PE teacher likes swimming.( 表示爱好) He likes playing basketball,but today he doesn't like to play basketball.他爱好打篮球(爱好),但是今天他没去打篮球(短暂性的)。

(p5,3a)Write to 人:写信给某人He often Writes to his mother. Do you often Write to your pen pal? (p5,3b)on weekens在周末

(p5,3b) favorite形容词―最喜爱的‖,名词―最喜爱的人或物‖。 My favorite sport is soccer.我最喜爱的运动是足球。Hammbugers are my favorite.是我最喜爱的食物。

(p5,3b)tell sb.about sth告诉某人某 事 My mother often tells me about my grandfather.我的妈妈经常告诉我关于我爷爷的事。

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第二单元Unit 2 Where’s the post office?

(p7-8)―There be结构的一般现在时基本句型如下:

肯定句:①There is(There's) a big supermarket near my home.(可数名词单数)在我家附近有一个大超市。

②There is(There's) some water in the glass.(不可数名词)在玻璃杯里有一些水。③There are 30 students in the classroom.(可数名词复数)在教室里有30个学生。

否定句There be结构的否定句只需在肯定句中be的后面加not即可。(is not =isn't,are not=aren't)。因此以上三句的否定句依次为:①There isn't a big supermarket near my home.名词单在我家附近没有大超市。 ②There isn't any water in the glass.在玻璃杯里没有水。(肯定句中的some,在疑问句和否定句中需要变成any) ③在教室里没有30个学生。

疑问式和简略答语

一般疑问句:只需把肯定句中的be提到句首即可。因此以上三句的一般疑问句依次为:

①Is there a big supermarket near your home?Yes,there is. No,there isn't.在我家附近有一个大超市吗? ②Is there any ?Yes,there is. No,there isn't.在玻璃杯里有一些水吗?③the classroom?在教室里有30名学生吗?Yes,there are. No,there aren't.

特殊疑问句:How many days are there in a week?一个星期有多少天?There are seven.有七天。

注:在There be结构的一般现在时基本句型中,若―某物/某人‖为好几个并列,往往根据第一个人/物的单复数来确定be 的形式。比较以下两句的差异:

ks on the desk.

(p8)方位词的用法:①next to在…旁边,②between…and…在…和…之间③across from在…对面,④behind

在…的后面,⑤in the neighborhood在附近,⑥in the front of在(物体里面的)前面,in front of在(物体外面的)前面,⑦on在…街上

①The library is next to the bank. ②The library is between the restaurant and the bank. ③The bank is across from the restaurant. ④The park is behind the bank.⑤There is a payphone in the neighborhood. ⑥There is a blackboard in the front of classroom.在教室的前面有一块黑板。(黑板在教室的里面)There is a big tree in front of classroom. 在教室的前面有一棵大树。(大树在教室的外面) ⑦The library is on YiMeng Street.

(p9)go straight一着往前走,turn left/right向左/右拐,on the left/right在左边/右边

(p10,1a)形容词反意词:clean—dirty;new—old;big—small

(p11,3a)the garden district 花园小区;take a walk 散步;

the beginning of …的开始Do you like the beginning of the movie?你喜欢这步电影的开头吗?

(p11,3a)enjoy喜欢,过得快乐(后面跟的动词必须加ing)I enjoy the movie我喜欢这步电影。She enjoys watching TV.她喜欢看电视。[来源:学|科|网]

(p11,3b)have fun玩得快乐;play the guitar弹吉他(play后跟乐器时必须加the,但后跟球类时不加the,例如:play basketball)

课文解释:①(p11,3)I know you are arriving next Sunday. 解释:―be+动词ing‖为现在进行时,在这句中next Sunday―下个星期天‖为将来时间。you 是现在进行时表示将来动作的用法,这种情况多用于go,come,leave,arrive等表示动作来去的动词,例如:He is leaving tomorrow.明天他将离开。

②let sb do sth让某人做某事(let us=let's) let's play basketball.

③the way to+地点:去某地的路 the way to school去上学的路上;the way home回家的路上(在这里home之前无修饰成分,为副词,去掉to)

④take a taxi 乘出租车;have a good trip旅途愉快

第三单元Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?

(p13)掌握各种动物的名称和描述动物的形容词。

(p13)Let's后跟动词原形―咱们做某事吧‖。肯定回答一般用―OK/All right‖,否定回答一般用―Sorry,I…‖等。 —Let's play tennis. —Let's dance.

—OK. —Sorry,I can't dance.

(p13)Why引导的特殊疑问句,通常用来询问原因。

She likes pandas because they are cute.→Why does She like pandas?

(p15,3a,3b)be from =come from 来自 Linda is from Japan.= Linda comes from .

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Where is Linda from?=Where does Linda come from?

(p16,3)What animal do you like?用于询问对方喜欢什么动物。例如:

What animal do you like? I like pandas.They're cute.

What animal does Tom like? He likes dolphins.They're friendly.

(p17,3a)play with玩…,和…一起玩 Mary often plays with us.玛丽经常和我们一起玩。 The

boy is playing with a ball.那个男孩正在玩球。

(p17,3a)She likes to play with her friends and eat grass. =She likes to play with her friends and She likes to

eat grass. 解释:本句的主语是She,谓语是likes,play with her friends和eat grass.是由and连接的两

个相同成分,所以and后省略了She likes to。

like to do 与like doing 的用法和区别见第一单元(p5,3a)的解释。

(p17,3a)so为并列连词,用来连接两个因果关系的句子,前面的表示原因,后面的表示结果。例如:

He is very fat,so he doesn't like PE.class.他很胖,因此他不喜欢体育刻。=Because he is very fat, he doesn't like

PE.class.=He doesn't like PE.class because he is very fat. (because引导的句子可以放前面,也可以放在后面) (p17,3a)leaf的复数为leaves

第四单元Unit 4 I want to be an actor.

(p19,1a)What do you do?(= What +is╱am╱are+sb?/ What +is╱am╱are+one's job?)用来询问对方的

职业。例如:

What do you do?(=What are you?/What's your job?) I'm a waiter/policeman/docter/student.

What does Tom do?(= What's Tom?/ What's Tom′s job?) He is a student.

What does Tony's father do? He's '(=He is) a policeman.[来源:Z§xx§k.Com]

(p20,2c)What do you want to do?用来询问对方想从事什么职业。例如:

What do you want to do? I want to be a policeman.

What does she want to do? She wants to be an actor.

Want to do 想做某事 I want to go home.我想回家。 Do you want to watch Tv?你想看电视吗?

(p21,3a)give sb sth给某人某物=give sth to sb 把某物给某人

Can you give me a pen?你能给我一枝钢笔吗?= Can you give a pen to me? Please give me an apple.=

Please give an apple to me.请给我一个苹果。

(p21,3a)in the day在白天 at night 在晚上

(p21,3a)thief 的复数为thieves

(p21) No,she doesn’t.

→She doesn’t work in a hospital. →Where does she work?

(p23,3a)call sb at+电话号码:给某人打电话,电话号码是… Please call me at 78966616.请拨打78966616找我。

(p23,3a,2)talk with/to sb 与某人谈话 (p23,3a,3)school play 校园剧

第五单元Unit 5 I’m watching TV

现在进行时

1

①I am writing a letter.我正在写信。 ②He is watching TV now.现在他正在看电视。③They are

reading.他们正在读书。

现在进行时也可以表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。例如: ........

We are working on a farm these days. I am writing a book this month.

2)现在进行时的。例如:

①He is playing basketball now.现在他正在打篮球。

②The students are helping the farmers these days.这些天学生们正在帮助农民。

③Look!They are dancing in the classroom.看!他们正在教室里跳舞。

3)现在进行时的形式:be+动词的现在分词(即动词加ing)。

4)现在进行时的句型:

(1)肯定句句型:主语+be+动词的现在分词。例如:

①We are playing soccer now.现在我们正在踢足球。

②Marry is learning English these days.这些天玛丽正在学英语。

③I'm doing homework.我正在做作业。

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(2)否定句句型:主语+be+not +动词的现在分词。(is not =isn't,are not=aren't) 动词过去式。以上三句的否定句依次为:①We aren't playing soccer now.

②Marry isn't learning English these days. ③Iam not doing homework.

(3)一般疑问句句型:Be+主语+动词的现在分词。以上三句的一般疑问句依次为:

① Are you playing soccer now?现在你们正在踢足吗?Yes,we are.No,we aren't.

②Is Marry learning English these days?这些天玛丽正在学英语吗?

Yes,she is.No,she isn't.

③Are you doing homework?你正在做作业吗?Yes,Iam.No,I'm not.

(p26,2a/2b) want to+动词:想做某事 I want to go to movies.我想去看电影。

现在他想回家。→Does she want to go home now? Yes,she does.[来源:学。科。网]

No,she doesn't.→She doesn’t want to go home now.→What does she want to do now?

(p26,2b/2c)go to the movies去看电影;do one's homework做(某人的)作业;write a letter 写信 ;

(p27,3a)Let's+动词原形:让咱们做…;其肯定回答为―OK!‖或―All right.‖,否定回答为―Sorry,I…‖ 。 —Let's go shopping.咱们去购物吧。 —All right.好吧。

(p27,3a)在钟点前用at;在具体的某一天的早上、下午、晚上用介词on;在月、年的前面用in。

at six o'clock在六点钟; on Sunday morning在星期天的早上;

in September在九月; in 1998在1998年

(p27,4)wait for 人/物:等待某人/某物 She is waiting for a bus.

(p27,4)talk to人/talk with人:与某人谈话 ①Tom is talking to his teacher.汤姆正在和他的老师谈话。

②Tom's mother is talking with his teacher. 汤姆的妈妈正在和他的老师谈话。(注意:talk to人/talk with人有一点区别,―talk to人‖是一方说,一方听,例如①;―talk with人‖是双方互相交谈,例如②。)

(p27,4)talk about sth谈论某事或某物 They are talking about the movie.他们正在谈论这部电影。 (p28,1a)in/at the library在图书馆;at the pool在游泳池;in/at the school在学校;at the mall在商业街/在购物广场;(补充)at home在家里;at the art club在艺术俱乐部;at shool在学校

(p29,3a)thanks for+名词/代词/V–ing相当于thank you for+名词/代词/V–ing:意为―因…而感谢你‖

Thanks for helping me.(help为动词)谢谢你帮助我。 Thanks for your e-mail.(e-mail)谢谢你的电子邮件。 (p29,3a)Here are some of my photos.这里是我的一些照片。讲解:在here,there等引导的句子中,谓语动词为be时,be的单/复形式要与后面的主语保持一致。例如:

(books为可数名词复数)这有些新书。(money为不可数名词)给你钱。

第六单元Unit 6 It’s raining!

(p31)与天气有关的一些单词:

名词 意思 形容词 意思 名词 意思 形容词 意思

Sun 太阳 sunny 晴朗的 wind 风 windy 有风的;多风的

Cloud 云 cloudy 多云的;有云

(p31,1a)rain(动词)下雨;snow(动词)下雪 反义词:hot——cold;warm——cool

(p31,1a)How's the weather (in 地点)?=What's the weather like(in 地点)?(某地的)天气怎么样? How's the weather in BeiJing?=What's the weather like in BeiJing? It's cloudy/ sunny/ windy.

(p33,3a)How's it going?(= How's everything going?)两者均表示―一切好吗?‖―近来怎么样?‖,用来询问对方的工作、学习或生活情况。―Great!‖是―It's great!‖的缩写形式,在口语中可以表示―妙;好‖之意。还可以根据情况回答―Not bad.‖;―Terrible.‖;―Pretty good.‖。

(P35,3a)Thank sb for +名词/代词/V ing意为―因某事而感谢某人‖

Thank you for helping me.(help为动词)谢谢你帮助我。Thank you for your help.( help为名词)谢谢你的帮助。

(P35,3a)some‥…others…用于表示许多人或物中的―一些…另一些…‖,而并非全部。

There are a lot of people in the park. Some are walking and others are swimming.公园里有许多人,有的在散步,有的在游泳。

(P35,3a) lie(意为―躺‖)的现在分词为lying

(P35,3a)people的宾语补足语 (p35,3b)have a good time意为―玩得开心,过得快乐‖

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第七单元Unit 7 What does he look like?

(p41,1a)short/long hair短/长头发 curly/straight hair卷/直发 tall/short高矮 medium height 中等身高 heavy/thin胖瘦 medium build 中等身材

(p41,1a)What does he look like?用来描述别人长的什么样;回答时常用句型为:

①Sb+ be+ 形容词(tall/short/heavy/thin) ②Sb+have/has+名词/名词词组(short/long hair;curly/straight hair) ③Sb+ be of+ medium height/ medium build

What does your father look like?你爸爸长什么样?He's tall.He has short,straight hair.他很高,留着短而直的头发。 What does his mother look like?She is of medium build,and she has long hair.

(p43,3a-3)stop+V ing 停止正在做的事 Stop running.停止跑步。

Stop to +V停止正在做的事去做别的事 Stop to run.停下来去跑步。(停下现在做的事,然后去跑步。) (p43,3a-4)like+V ing/to V喜欢做某事,爱好做某事

―Like+动词ing‖表示―喜欢做某事‖I like playing basketball.Tom likes listening to music.

注意:―Like+to+动词‖也表示―喜欢做某事‖,只是―Like+动词ing‖表示习惯性动作(也可以说是爱好),而―Like+to+动词‖表示一次性或短暂性的。Our PE teacher likes swimming.( 表示爱好) He likes playing basketball,but today he doesn't like to play basketball.他爱好打篮球(爱好),但是今天他没去打篮球(短暂性的)。

(p45,3a)I think+句子,意为―我认为…‖,think引导的句子如果表示否定意义,否定转移到动词think前,因此该句子的否定句为―I don't think+句子‖。就是在 I think后面的从句中,如果有否定含义,往往需要把否定词从从句移到主句,称为否定转移。

I think he is only 12 years old.→(否定句(p45,3a)But my mom does.解释:在英文中,常常用do,does或have代替上文中的动词短语,而不能直接用某一个动词来替代。例如I don't have a long hair,but my sister does.我没有长发,但我妹妹有。

第八单元Unit 8 I’d like some noodles.

本单元重点是掌握询问别人想吃什么种类的面条/水饺,并能询问所要碗的型号,需要掌握的内容:would like的用法,一些食物的名称;可数名词和不可数名词;并能根据要求写简单的食品类广告。

(p47)①would like+名词/不定式(to+V)想要某物;想做某事

I'd like some cakes.我想吃蛋糕。Tom would like to go swimming.汤姆想去游泳。

②would you like sth?(你想要某物吗?)也是日常生活中用来征求对方许可的一种委婉、礼貌的句型,起肯定回答为Yes,please,否定回答为No,thanks。

Would you like a cup of tea?你想来杯茶吗?Yes,please./ No,thanks.好的。/不,谢谢。

③would you like to+V?(你想要某物吗?)是向对方提出建议或邀请的句型,起肯定回答为Yes,I'd like to.或Yes,I'd love .否定回答为Sorry。

would you like to play basketball with us?和我们一起打篮球,好吗?Yes,I'd like to.好的,我愿意。

(p47,1a)What kind of noodles/dumplings would you like?用来询问对方喜欢哪种面条或水饺;

What kind of noodles would you like? Beef noodles,please.

(p48,2b) What size bowl of noodles/dumplings would you like?用来询问对方要哪种型号碗的面条或水饺 What size bowl of noodles would he like? He'd like a small/medium/large bowl of noodles.

可数名词的单数变复数规则:

①绝大多数名词的复数形式是在名词词尾加s。例如:bag—bags,apple-apples;

②以辅音字母+y结尾的名词,先变y为i,再class加es。例如:family- families,dictionary- dictionaries; ③在以s,sh,ch,x结尾的名词后加es。例如:Class- Classes,watch(手表)-watches; ④在以f或fe结尾的名词,变f或fe为ves。例如:wife-wives,leaf-leaves;

⑤以o结尾的名词,有生命的加s,没有生命的加es。例如:piano-pianos,tomatoes,zoo-zoos。

第九单元Unit 9 How was your weekend?

本单元重点是掌握How引导的特殊疑问句,复习一般过去时。

一般过去时

用法:一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用,

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(p63,3a)make sb do sth 让/使某人做某事 Our mother often makes us go to bed on time(按时).我们的妈妈经常让我们按时睡觉。

(p63,3a)decide to do sth 决定做某事 They decide to go to summer camp.他们决定去夏令营。

第十一单元 Unit 11 What do you think of game shows?

本单元重点是掌握―What do you think of …‖的用法,能够简单表达对某物/某事的看法。

(p65)What do you think of…?表示―你认为…怎么样?‖主要用语询问对方对某物/某事的看法。回答常有:I love/like it.我喜欢。I don't mind it.我不介意。I don't love/like it.我不喜欢。I can't stand it.我不能忍受。 What do you think of the film?你认为这部电影怎么样? I love/like it.我喜欢。

(p66,2b)How about …?的用法见第九单元。

(p67,3b)We are talking to Alan,a thirteen-year-old boy.

解释①―are talking to Alan‖是现在进行时表示将来的动作, 这种情况多用于go,come,leave,arrive等表示动作来去的动词,例如:He is leaving tomorrow.明天他将离开。

解释②a thirteen-year-old boy是一个名词短语,意为―一个十三岁的男孩‖在thirteen-year-old中,名词year要用单数,而且中间有连字符―—‖,这种结构常做定语。She is a fifteen-year-old student.她是一个十五岁的学生。

(p67,4)agree with sb意为―同意某人的意见、主意或所说的事‖,with后常接表示人的名词。I agree with you. (p69,3a)show sb sth=show sth to sb给某人看某物 Can you show me your new scarf ?= Can you show your new scarf to me ?能给我看看你的新围巾吗?

(p69,3a)ask sb about sth 关于某时询问某人 Yesterday I asked students about pop music.昨天我就流行音乐问了几个同学。

第十二单元 Unit 12 Don’t eat in class

祈使句一般以动词原形开头,表示请求、命令、劝说、号召、警告等。早祈使句中,通常省略第二人称主语,其否定结构是在动词原形前面加上don't 。例如:

(p71,1a)arrive late for class上课迟到 listen to music听音乐

(p72,)have to与must的区别: (二者后面必须跟动词原形)

⑴have to(必须,不得不),是外在原因而不得不那样做,重点强调客观因素。

① I have to get up at 6:00am.我不得不在六点钟起床。

②She has to finish the work today.她今天不得不完成这项工作。

肯定句变成一般疑问句需要用助动词does/do或did。因此,以上两句的一般疑问句为:

① Do you have to get up at 6:00am?Yes,Ido./No,I don’t.

②Does she has to finish the work today? Yes,she does.No,she doesn't.

⑵must(必须),是说话者自己认为必须那样做,重点强调主观因素。起否定形式为mustn't,意为―不必…‖。 ①I must do my homework every day.我必须每天做家庭作业。

②Tom must buy a pen for his brother. 汤姆必须给他弟弟买一枝钢笔。

肯定句变成否定句,需要在must后加not(must not=mustn't)。因此,以上两句的否定句为: ①I mustn't do my homework every day.

②Tom mustn't buy a pen for his brother.

(p71,1c)can―能,会;可以‖,其否定形式为can't―不能,不会;不可以‖。(二者后面必须跟动词原形)。例如:We can't arrive late for class.

(p75,3a)too many意为―太多‖,后面跟可数名词复数;too much意为“太多”,后面跟不可数名词。例如:

There are too many flowers in the garden.花园里的花太多了。

I have too much homework this evening.( homework为不可数名词)今晚我的家庭作业太多了。 (p75,3a)by“到(某时)之前,不迟于”You must go to bed by ten o'clock.你必须在十点前睡觉。[来源:Zxxk.Com]

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