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反意疑问句

发布时间:2013-09-18 02:58:23  

1、(郭凤高)陈述部分的主语为everyone,everybody,someone,somebody,no one,nobody,anyone,anybody等不定代词,其疑问部分的主语在英式英语中改用they。例如:

Everybody enjoyed the party,didn’t they?

Somebody tried to take the picture away,didn’t they?

No one was hurt,were they?

Nobody phoned while I was out,did they?

(章振邦)附加问句部分的主语在正式语体通常用he,在非正式语体中则往往用they。

(白皮书)反义疑问句的主语通常用they,也可用he。

注:当anyone,everybody等作主语,如果上下文已出现先行对应的单数代词时,附加问句部分的主语应用其相应的单数形式。例如:

If anybody comes here, he will be welcome, won’t he?

2、陈述部分的主语是something,anything,everything,nothing或指示代词this,that,或动词不定式、动名词等,疑问部分的主语可用it,它在形式上与前者不同,但在逻辑上是与前者一致的。例如:

Everything looks fresh,doesn’t it?

Nothing could make her change her views,could it? This is your mother,isn’t it?

Getting up early is very important,isn’t it?

如果主语部分有these或those,要用they。例如: These books will become rubbish if you don’t make use of them,won’t they?

3、陈述部分的主语是“none of+名词”,反义疑问部分用肯定式,但它的人称和数要与of后的名词保持一致。例如:

None of the students are from Japan,are they? None of the news sounds true,does it?

4、陈述部分的主语是“each of+名词”,反义疑问部分的主语根据上下文所表示或强调的意思决定使用单数或复数形式。例如:

Each of the houses is painted a different color,isn’t it?

Each of them took an active part in the activity,didn’t they?

Each of us has passed the exam,haven’t we?

5、陈述部分以不定代词one作主语,反义疑问部

分的主语在正式的场合用one,在非正式的场合用you,美式英语可用he。例如:

One can’t be too careful,can one?(正式场合) One can’t be too careful,can you?(非正式) One can’t be too careful,can he?(美式英语)

6、陈述部分用neither…nor,not only…but also等连接主语时,疑问部分用复数代词。例如:

Neither English nor French is easy to learn,are they?

Randolph Quirk

A COMPREHENSIVE GRAMMAR OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

P1323

There is uncertainty over number where the many a construction (cf 5.23 Note [C]) is followed by singular heads conjoined by and:

Many a boy and girl are? / is? left homeless.

薄冰《英语常见共性问题解答》P26

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