haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

七年级上册英语复习笔记

发布时间:2013-10-01 12:28:42  

七年级上册英语复习笔记

Unit 1 My name’s Gina

一、重点词汇:

answer my question 回答我的问题 ID card身份证first name=given name名字last

name=family name 姓氏telephone number=phone number电话号码 Let’s=Let us 让我

们 .glad/Nice to meet/ see you. 见到你很高兴 .how many + n(pl) 多少 how much +

n.(u) 多少That’s all right. 好;行;不用谢;没关系 All right .好的,行,好吧 Not at all.=It’s a/my pleasure =That’s OK. =You’re welcome. =That’s all right. 不用谢

语法:1,形容词性物主代词:my(我的) your(你的) his/her/its(他/她/它的) our(我们的) your(你们的)their(他们的)后面需要接名词,修饰名词,做前置定语。 在

句中可作主语,宾语等成分。

二、常用缩写词:

HB (硬黑)CD(光盘) BBC(英国广播公司) NBA(美国篮球协会) kg(千克) UFO(不明飞行物)

CCTV(中央电视台) UN(联合国) P (停车区) S\M\L(小\中\大)号 WTO(世界贸易组织)

Unit 2 Is this your pencil ?

一、重点词汇:

eraser橡皮擦pencilcase文具盒 backpack双肩背包 dictionary字典、词典 pencil

sharpener铅笔刀 Excuse me打扰了(客套语) in English用英语 baseball棒球 watch手

表 play computer game电脑游戏 notebook笔记本ring戒指 call at打电话 lost and

found失物招领book书school ID card学生证 a set of keys一串钥匙7. look at 朝?看 8.

See you later.=See you soon再见

句型 :

1. Excuse me. 打扰了。

2. Please call Mary at 495-3539.( call sb at + 电话号码)

4, How do you spell it? = Can you spell it, please? = Spell it, please.

5. Is that your computer game in the lost and found case?

Unit 3 This is my sister

一、重点词汇

sister姐、妹 brother兄、弟 mother妈妈、母亲father爸爸、父亲 parent父亲或母亲 aunt阿姨、婶母grandfather祖父、爷爷 friend朋友 uncle叔叔、舅grandmother祖母、

奶奶 grandparent祖父(母) these这些 those那些 she她her她的 he他his他的

son儿子 daughter女儿 cousin表兄妹 picture图画photo(s)照片 here这儿 thanks for

为...而感谢a photo of my family =family photo全家福family tree家谱

二、短语

1 .how old 几岁2. Thanks for...+n./doing sth 为?而感谢Thanks for your help 为了感谢

你的帮助3 .very much=a lot 很;非常4. in the picture 在图中5. look at 朝?看

6. family tree 家谱7. what about=how about 关于?怎么样8. a photo(picture) of 一

张?的照片9.take photos (a photo) 拍照

重点句子

1. Thanks for the photo of your family.感谢你寄来你的家庭照(全家福)。

thanks = thank you; the photo of your family = your family photo

Unit 4 Where’s my backpack ?

一、重点词汇:

table 桌子 dresser梳妆台 bookcase书橱sofa 沙发 chair 椅子 drawer 抽屉plant 植物bag

袋子、口袋 hat 帽子 need 需要take?to...把?带走 bring?to?把?拿来 I don’t know

我不知道 math book数学书 alarm clock闹钟 video tape 录像带 some boys一些男孩

1

二、短语

1. next to 在?旁边2. don’t=do not 助动词否定形式3. Goodbye.= Bye-bye 再见4. behind the computer 在电脑后面 5 .write down 写下;记下6. I’m sorry 对不起7 .alarm clock 闹钟8.video tape 录像带9. soccer ball 英式足球10. school bag 书包11. in the backpack 在书包里13 .on the chair 在椅子上14. on the dresser 在梳妆台上15. take sth to?(there/him/+地点) 把?带去16 .bring sth to ?(here/me/+地点) 把?带来句型:in the room在房间里 on the floor在地板上 under the bed在床下

句型

1. Where is my backpack? 我的背包在哪儿? Where are the books? 那些书在哪儿?

2. It’s / They’re in the drawer / under the bed / on the bookcase.

它 / 它们在抽屉里 / 床底下 / 书柜上。(注意主语和be动词照应)

3. Is it / Is the book / on the bed / in the backpack / under the desk?

Are they on the bed / in the backpack / under the desk?

4. Can you bring some things to school? 你能带些东西去学校吗?

some一般用在肯定的陈述句中,any用在否定句(“任何”)或疑问句(“某些,一些”)中。但如果表示期待对方肯定的回答或表请求和建议,疑问句中常用some。如上句。

5. take ?to ? 把?带到? take?there

bring?to?.把?带来 bring?here

Unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball ?

一、重点词汇:

have(has)有 soccer ball英式足球 tennis racket网球拍 ping-pong bat乒乓球拍play(volleyball basketball)打(排球、篮球)sports club 体育俱乐部That sounds good 听起来很好many 许多more 更多的interesting有趣的boring 乏味的、无聊的fun 令人满意的difficult 困难的relaxing 轻松的,放松的watch TV看电视great美妙的、伟大的 sports collection体育收藏品 but 但是、可是only 仅仅、只有every day每天

二、短语

2. watch TV 看电视3. have /play sports 做运动4. like doing 喜欢做某事(习惯爱好)5. like to do 喜欢做某事(特定时间)6.want to do sth 想做某事7. That sounds interesting 那听起来很有趣8. a great collection 一个伟大的收藏9. be interested in sth=take an interest in 对?感兴趣10.You’re welcome .不用谢11. welcome to+地点 欢迎来某地13.play computer games 打电脑游戏 14.on TV 在电视上(通过电视)14,have的第三人称单数为 has. 15, let sb do sth 让某人做某事 (sb代表人,如果是代词用宾格,do代表动词原形) 16,play+球类 表示“踢,打,玩......” play football

play+the+乐器 表示“弹奏??乐器” play the piano

Unit 6 Do you like bananas ?

一、重点词汇:

Like喜欢banana香蕉 hamburger汉堡包 ice冰tomato(tomatoes)西红柿 broccoli花椰菜 pear梨ice cream冰淇淋 French fries薯条 apple苹果healthy food健康食品 carrot胡萝卜 chichen鸡肉have breakfast (lunch、dinner) 吃早饭(午饭、晚饭)fruit水果vegetable蔬菜 run跑 runner跑步者running srar跑步明星 eat well吃得好 list清单lots of= many 许多、大量 furniture家具other其它的(人或物) people人们also也

二、短语

1. running star赛跑明星2. lots of = a lot of + n(pl)/ n(u)大量;许多3. have+三餐/breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper 4. healthy food 健康食物 5. have a look (at sth.)看一看(某物)6. at school/ at home在学校/在家里 7. for breakfast / lunch / dinner / dessert 对早餐/午餐/晚餐/甜食来说

2

重点句型:

1、Do you like salad?Yes,I do.(No,I don’t)

2、Does she like strawberries?Yes,she does. (No,she doesn’t.She doesn’t like strawberries.)

6、 Let’s play computer games.

Unit 7 How much are these pants ?

一、重点词汇

how much多少(钱)pants裤子sock袜子shirt男衬衫T-shirt T恤衫 shorts短裤 sweater毛衣 shoe鞋子skirt裙子 on sale廉价出售 dollar美元 big大的small小的short短的long长的clerk职员want想要 Here you are给你 You’re welcome甭客气for example例子,实例 twenty二十 thirty三十clothes衣服 store商店 come来 buy买 sell卖price价格 anybody任何人 see看见 afford承受得起our我们的 yourself(yourselves)你自己(你们自己)have a look(at)看一看 sorry对不起

二、短语:

1. how much + (U) 多少/多少钱2. how many + (C)复数 多少

3.Here you are. 给你4 .bag for sports 运动包

5 .Can I help you?=What can I do for you? 需要我帮忙吗

6 .want sth. /to do sth 想要sth /想要做某事=would like sth/to do sth

7 .want sb to do sth=would like sb to do sth=feel like doing sth 想要某人做某事

8 .black and white 黑白相嵌9. on sale 在出售

10. at the price of …以…的价格11 .at a very good price 一个好价钱/价格合理

11. in+颜色 着/穿 …色put on \wear\dress

12. see for yourself 亲眼看13.ask sb to do sth 叫某人做某事

14.I don’t think so. 我不这么认为15. have a look (at…) =look (at …)

16.for girls / boys / sports. 对女孩 / 男孩 / 运动来说

17.sell … to… 把…卖给… 18.buy … from… 从… 买…

句型:

这条裤子多少钱?They’re twenty dollars. 这条裤子20美元。

这件毛衣多少钱? It’s 60 yuan. 它60元。35yuan =¥35 twenty dollars=$20

2. How much加不可数名词,how many 加可数名词复数。

如: 3. Can I help you? 我能帮你吗?= What can I do for you? 我能为你做什么?

4. Yes, please. 是的,请吧。 No, thanks. 不了,谢谢。

5. I want a sweater. 我想要件毛衣。

6. What color do you want? 你想要什么颜色?

7. Here you are. =Here it is给你(这件毛衣 / 钱等)。

9. I’ll take it. = I’ll get it. = I’ll have it. 我买下它了。

10. Thank you very much. / Thanks a lot. 多谢。 You’re welcome. =That’s all right.别客气。

11. Come and buy … = Come to buy …. Go and see … = Go to see…

12. The green shorts are on sale for $25.

13. Anybody can afford our prices. 任何人都能承担得起我们的价钱。

3

Unit 8 When is your birthday?

一、 重点词汇

When什么时候 birthday 生日 month月份 date日期happy快乐的 Happy Birthday! 生日快乐How old are you ?你有几岁? I’m 12. 我有12岁。 January 一月 February 二月 March 三月 April 四月 May五月June 六月 July七月August八月September九月 October十月 Novenber 十一月 December十二月 second第二 third第三 fifth第五 eighth第八ninth第九 twelfth第十二 party聚会 School Day校庆日speech contest演讲比赛 basketball game篮球比赛Art Festival艺术节 music音乐(musician音乐家)

二、短语

1.school trip 郊游2 .help sb with sth 帮助某人某事3 .be born in/on 出生于

4. English speech contest 英语演讲比赛

语法:1: 月份前用介词in, in May 在六月, 但是具体到某一天用介词on, on May 1st.

三、 重点语法

数词:1、基数词:表示数量的多少的词,如:one、two、three.......

2、序数词:表示顺序的词,有第几的意思,往往与the连用,如:first、second...... the ninth month on the twelfth floor

基数词变序数词规则:

基变序有规律,结尾加上th,一二三要牢记,八少t九少e,ty结尾变ie,five、twelve两兄弟常以f代ve,若是遇上几十几,只变个位就可以。

句型:

1.When is your / her / his birthday? 你的/她的/他的生日是什么时候?

My / Her / His birthday is May 14th. 我的 / 她的 / 他的生日是5月14日。

2. How old are you? = What’s your age? 你多大了? I’m 8. / I’m 8 years old. 我8岁了。

3.Monday is the second day of the week. 周一是一星期中的第二天。(序数词前常有the) It’s 序数词eighth前已有限定词my, 故不再加the.)

Unit 9 Do you want to go to a movie?

一、重点词汇:

go to a movie去看电影 action movie动作片 who谁comedy喜剧片 documentary纪录片 thriller恐怖片kind of种类Beijing opera京剧find找到someone某人student学生 scary吓人的,可怕的 funny好玩的,滑稽的sad难过的,悲伤的,悲哀的 exciting兴奋的,振奋人心的really真正地,事实上often经常,时常think认为,思考,想learn,学会 about关于history历史with与?在一起,跟随,favorite特别喜爱的actor(男)演员actress(女)演员new新的 successful成功的

二、短语

1. action movie 动作片2. what kind (of sth) 哪一种/何种东西 a kind of sth (单数) 一种 all kinds of sth (复数) 各种各样 different /many /some kinds of sth (复数) 不同/许多/一些种类 4 .stay at home =be at home 呆在家里5 .look for 寻找(动作) find 找到(结果) find out(经过一番努力)找出、查明、弄清楚6. look at sth 朝…看 look like=be like 看上去象 look the same 看起来一样 look out (of sth) 朝…外看/小心 look sth up (in a dictionary)查找look around环顾look after=take care of=care for 照顾 look after sb well=take good care of sb=care for sb well 精心照顾7 .on weekends= at the weekends在周末

8.thanks for (sth. /doing sth) 为…而感谢某人9. What do you like best?=What’s your favorite ? 4

你最喜欢什么like sth best = be one’s favorite 最喜欢某物10. go to school 去学校/去上学go home 回家go to do sth( go to see sth /sb) 去做某事/去看某物/某人11.tell sb (about)sth 告述某人(关于)某事tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事tell a story/ stories 讲故事

语法:1, too, also也,都用于肯定句中,但是also用于句中,too用于句末,且用逗号隔开either用于否定句和疑问句中。2,think的否定句

句型

1. Do you / Does she want to go to a movie? 你想 / 她想看电影吗? 琼真的喜欢动作片。(really可修饰动词,但very不能。)

4. Mike is English. 迈克是英国人。(注意English前无冠词an.)

5. I often go to movies with my friends. 我常和朋友一起看电影。(with,“用;和…一起”)

6.并列连词and和or. 都译为“和”,or常用于否定句。and常用于肯定句。 他喜欢体育和美术。

He doesn’t like P.E. art. =He doesn’t like P.E. he doesn’t like art.

(or只用于连接否定句中的短语。若连接两个否定句时仍用and)

Unit 10 Can you play the guitar?

一、 重点词汇:

play the guitar弹吉他 join参加 dance跳舞 swim游泳swimming club游泳俱乐部 sing唱 play chess下棋paint画画 speak English说英语kid小孩子our我们的drum鼓 piano(s)钢琴 trumpet喇叭 violin小提琴or或者musician音乐家 rock band摇滚乐队 show表演、展示Sunday星期天 a little有一点儿(修饰不可数名词)Draw画 may可以e-mail电子邮件address地址 why为什么Music Festival音乐节School Show学校演出

短语

1 can’t=can not 不能2 .summer camp 夏令营3. play the guitar 弹吉他4. play the piano 弹钢琴5. speak English 说英语6. on Sunday(s) 在星期天7.join the…club 参加….俱乐部

8. learn about sth 学习有关于……

语法:一般疑问句总结:be动词提前型,句首加助动词do/does型,can/could/may/will/would等情态动词开头型, 回答一律用yes/No回答。助动词和情态动词后接动词一定用原形。 句型

1. Can you play the guitar? Can you dance / swim? 你会弹吉它 / 跳舞 / 游泳吗? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. 是的,我会。/ 不,我不会。

2. I want to join the art / music club. 我想参加美术 / 音乐俱乐部。

3. What club do you want to join? 你想参加什么俱乐部?

4. Can you play the piano well? 你弹钢琴弹得好吗?

5. Are you good with kids? 你善于和孩子相处吗? (be good with sb. 善于和某人相处)

6. May I know your name? = What’s your name? 我可以知道你的名字吗?

7. What can you do? 你会做什么? I can play the guitar.

8. play the piano / the drums/… 弹钢琴 / 打鼓/ … (乐器前有the)

play football/ chess/…踢足球/ 下国际象棋/ … (球类、棋类前没有the )

9. chess / English / swimming / music… club象棋 / 英语 / 游泳 / 音乐俱乐部

10. a little+ un 一点(肯定)

little + un 几乎没有(否定)

5

a few +n (pl) 有几个(肯定)

few +n (pl) 几乎没有(否定)

Unit 11 What time do you go to school?

一、重点词汇

What time什么时候 go to school去上学 get up起床take a shower淋浴usually通常work工作an hour一小时brush刷 tooth(teeth)牙齿 after在?之后 go to work去上班get to到达bus公交车hotel旅馆all全部、整个at night在夜晚love爱、喜欢listen to 听? home家do homework做作业 go home回家start开始出发job零工in the morning(afternoon、evening)在早上(下午、傍晚)go to bed上床睡觉letter信around大约Saturday星期六best wishes最好的祝愿 write书写tell告诉,讲述soon不久

短语

1. go to school 去学校/去上学2.go to work 去上班3 .get up (反义:go to bed) 起床4 .get to=arrive at/in/reach+地点 到达某地5 .listen to .听…7 .go home 回家8. take/have a shower 沐浴9 .be busy (with sth)/doing sth 忙于做某事10. take a bus/taxi/train/subway 乘公共汽车…

11. have/eat breakfast/lunch/supper/dinner 吃早/午/晚饭

12 .after breakfast/lunch/supper 早饭后…

13. write to sb 写信给某人14 .write and tell me sth 请写信告诉我某事

15.do one’s homework 做某人的作业

17. take the Number 7 bus 坐17号公共汽车18. work all night 工作整晚

19 .watch the morning news on TV 早间新闻20. do Chinese Kung Fu 表演中国功夫 语法: 1,时间表达法 1,直接表达法,8:20 eight twenty

2, 间接表达法 分钟+to+时钟 表示“几点差几分”3:40 twenty to four

分钟+past+时钟 表示“几点过几分” 3:20 twenty past three

a quarter to three 3:15 three quarter past five 5:45 half past six 6;30 具体时间前用介词at 表示在几点

4、结构:take sb to sp 带某人去某地 listen to 听 write to sb 写信给某人

tell sb about sth 告诉某人有关于某事 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人去做某事

5、in, on, at表时间的用法

at 在表示具体的时刻前 at 5:00 at 8: 30 in the morning at night

in 在月份\季节\年份前,在上\下午\晚上前in 2008\in spring\ in the morning\ in January on 在日期\星期\节日和在具体的某天前on Teachers’ Day \on Sunday \on Sunday morning

6、what time 和 when 的 区别

1)、询问具体的时间,两者都可以使用: When do you get up? What time do you get up?

2), 询问钟表表示的时间只能用what time : What time is it now?

3), 询问时间段只能用when:When do you watch TV? I watch TV in the evening. 句型

2. He brushes his teeth and has a shower.

3. To get to work, he takes the number 17 bus to a hotel.

4. People love to listen to him.

5. Please write and tell me about your morning.

Unit 12 My favorit subject is science.

6

一、重点词汇

subject科目 science科学 because因为 description叙述word词,字 teacher教师 partner

伙伴,同伴 city城市biology生物be busy忙碌的next下一个 after class课后be strict with

sb对某人严格要求 after lunch午饭后be strict in sth对某事严格要tired累的dog狗today

今天Tv show电视节目 America美国 China中国 so所以before在?以前hobby

爱好life生活Chinese history中国历史

短语.

1. … year(s) old … 岁(年龄)2 .want to do sth =would to do=feel like doing 想做某事

3 .be strict with sb 对某人严厉/严格 4 .from …to… 从…到…5. from Monday to Friday 从星期一到星期五

6. on Monday 在星期一7.be busy(with sth/doing sth) 忙碌于…8. for example 例如

9.after lunch / work / school / class…午饭后/下班后/放学后/下课后… 10.play with sb / sth 和

某人一块儿玩 / 用某物玩11. 7some (用于肯定句中)any ( 用于否定句及疑问句中) 一些

句型

1. What’s your favorite subject? 你最喜爱的学科是什么?

(形容词性物主代词+favorite+名词,“…最喜爱的….”)sb’s favorite sth

2. My favorite subject is science. 我最喜爱的学科是科学。

3. Why do you / does she like science?? Because it’s interesting.

4. Who is your art teacher? 谁是你的美术教师?

5. When do you have math? 你什么时候上数学?

6. I have volleyball for two hours. 我打排球两个小时。(for + 时间段)

7. What subject do you like best? ---I like math best.

8. -What’s her favorite subject?---Her favorite subject is P.E.

三、重点语法:一周名称:Sunday星期日Monday星期一Tuesday星期二Wednesday星期

Thursday星期四Friday星期五Saturday星期六

七年级下册英语复习笔记

Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?

一.Where +be+主语+from?=Where +do/does+主语+come from?

Where are you from?=Where do you come from?

Be from = come from

联系动词 实义动词

例:Stone is come from China.(×) 注:be动词与实义动词永远不能连用。

二.国家 国人 国人复数 语言 首都

(the people Republics of China ) (P. R. C.)

Chinese Chinese Chinese Chinese Beijing

Canada Canadian Canadians English, French Ottawa

France French Frenchmen French Paris

Japan Japanese Japanese Japanese Tokyo

(the United States of America )(U.S.A.)

America American Americans English Washington.D.C.

(theunited Kingdom)

England Englishman Englishmen English London

7

Australia Australian Australians English Canberra

三. Where does he live? He lives in Beijing.

Where对地点提问的秘诀是:一定,二改,三组合

一定,确定疑问词Where

二改,将原句改为一般疑问句,将第一人称改为第二人称

三组合,把前面的部分及后面部分组合

四. What language does she speak?

Speak:既可以做及物动词,也可以做不及物动词。翻译为“说,讲话”做及物动词时,只能接某种语言做宾语。 例:1. He speaks (vt) English.

Speak to sb 和某人讲话

Say: 翻译为“说,述说”用系统语言表达自己的想法,后面必须跟说话的内容,宾语只能是话语,而不能是人。例:He says he is a boy.

Tell: 翻译为“告诉,讲述。”尤其用在讲故事,讲笑话(tell stories/jocks)

Tell sb sth (告诉某人某事) tell sb to do sth(告诉某人做某事)例:My mother tells me to study well.

Talk: 翻译为“交谈,谈论。”后面常跟to, with表示与某人谈话。如果跟about, of表示谈话的内容。

Talk to sb=talk with sb和某人谈话 Talk about sth=talk of sth谈论某事

五.interesting与interested

interesting :指事情本身有趣,意为“有趣的,令人感兴趣的”厂子句中作定语,表语。 Interested:指人对??感兴趣(be interested)

六.a little 和 little

A little:修饰不可数名词,表示肯定含义,意为“有一些,少量”

Little: 修饰不可数名词,表示肯定,翻译为几乎没有。

拓展:Many+可数名词复数 eg:Many books

Much+不可数名词 eg: Much money

Some+可数名词/不可数名词 eg:Some book/water

A lot of +可数名词/不可数名词

七. like doing sth:喜欢干某事,表示个人兴趣爱好,经常性的动作。

Like to do sth:表示想去做某事,表示最近想去干某事。

2.去看电影 Go to the movies Go to a movie Go to the cinema Go to see a movie

3.and 和with

And连接两个主语,通常放在句首,其谓语动词复数。(连词)

with为介词,后面跟名词或代词的宾格,通常放在句末。

重点词组:1.pen pal 笔友 2.speak English讲英语 3. be from=come from来自4.on weekends在周末

5.write to do 给某人写信5.live in 居住7.a little一些8.likes and dislikes喜欢/不喜欢9.like doing sth喜欢做某事10.like to do sth想去做某事11. tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于某事

12.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人去做某事13. talk to/with sth 1和某人谈话4.talk of /about sth 谈论某事15. be interesting in对??感兴趣

16.go to the movies=go to the cinema =go to see a film 去看电影17.hear from sb收到某人来信

Unit 2 Where’s the post office?

一.语言目标:问路,指路

问路的常用句型:

Excuse me:1.Where’s the post office? 2.Is there a post office near here? 8

3.Which is the way to the post office? 4.Could you tell me how to get to the post office?

5.Could you tell me how can I get to the post office? 6.Could you tell me where the post office?

(特殊疑问句跟在宾语从句后,其语句用用陈述句语序)

二.Is there a bank near here? There be 句型:表示某地有某物,表示客观存在。 否定形式只需在there be + not 疑问句:Be + there + 其他

have/has:表示某人有某物 从属关系

Eg: We have a bed in the room? 如果后接门牌号,用介词at

Eg: He lives at 88 Hua Xing street. 在街道上,in the street英国人用法 ,on the street美国人三.Just go straight and turn left.

指路常用句型:1. Walk on and turn left 2.It is +介词+地点 3.It’s about +(具体数字)meters from here

4. Take the second turning/crossing on the right 5. Turn right/left at the second turning.

四.1谢谢的说法1. Thank you very much.2. Thanks a lot.3. Thanks4. Many thank.5. Thanks a million.

回答谢谢:1. That’s all right.2. You’re welcome. 3. Not at all. 4.Don’t mention it 5.It’ s my pleasure

Welcome to+地点 表示欢迎来到某地

五. Through ,across,over(穿过,通过)

1. Through:表示从中间穿过,通过。强调动作在里面进行。

2. across:表示动作在某一物体表面进行

3.over:多指在空间范围上通过,越过或垂直在上,与表面不接触。Eg:The birds fly over the city.

六.with与in“用” In:强调使用的材料或颜色 In+语言 In+颜色 (表示某人穿什么颜色的衣服)

Have fun=have a good time =enjoy oneself Have fun doing sth

Be busy doing 忙于某事 enjoy 后加 doing sth

七.方位介词

1.next to 在??旁边 2.in front of内部in the front of 外部 在??前面3.Between ?and??两者之间

4.behind 在??后面 5.across from 6.over在??之上

八. I know you are arriving next Sunday

1.are arriving 用进行时表将来时

表示位置移动的词(go, come, leave, arrive)通常用现在进行时表一般将来时。

2.arrive,get to, reach(到达) arrive不及物动词,后要加at/in 后要加地点名词

get to:经常用于口语中 reach:及物动词,后直接加地点名词

Eg: arrive in Beijing = get to Beijing =reach Beijing

重点词组1. in front of / in the front of在前面2. Turn right/left向左/右转3. go straight向前直走

4. across from在??对面5. Between ??and??在两者之间6. the beginning of??的开始

7. take a taxi=by taxi打车8. on one’s way to在某人去某地的路上9. In the neighborhood在附近

10.take a walk散步11.go through穿过12.next to紧挨13.have fun=enjoy oneself=have a good time玩得开心,过得愉快14.let sb do sth让某人做某事15.arrive in/at=get to到达16.be busy 9

with sth忙于某事

17.be busy in doing sth忙于做某事18.take a look at= have a look at看19.take your time 不要急

20.take off脱掉21.enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事22.on the road=in the road在路上

Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?

一.Let’s see the pandas first.

1. Let’s let us Let’ s后加动词原形 Let sb do sth让某人做某事

2.提出建议的其他表达方式

1. Let’s do……2. Shall we?? 3.Hou/What about??怎么样?4.Why not??Why not后加动词原形

二.1.kind of 有一点=a little 2.a kind of一种 3.all kinds of各种各样 4.kind 和蔼

三.区别:be friendly with sb 和某人关系好 be friendly to sb 对某人友好 be+数词+years old 某人多大 other:表示其他的。后常跟复数 如果other与表示数量意义的词一起作定语,必须位于数量词之后。

四.Isn’t he cute?否定疑问句,常用来表示反问。翻译为“难到??不?”

回答否定疑问句,常用yes/no.但这时yes翻译为“不”,no翻译为“是的”。

五.go to bed指上床睡觉,强调从脱衣服到上床这一动作,表示准备睡觉,不含睡着的意思。

Sleep指睡觉,睡觉的全过程,用于现在进行时态中,表示正在睡觉。

相关词组:go to sleep入睡,想方设法入睡=Fell asleep入睡,强调状态。

Sleepless失眠的 Sleepwalker梦游者 Sleepy困倦的

重点词组: 1. kind of=a little 2. all kinds of 3.be quiet 4. during the day 5.get up

6. play with7. be friendly with sb 和某人关系好 8. be friendly to sb 对某人友好

9. like doing sth10. like to do sth11. like sb to do sth12. go to bed 13. fall asleep=go to sleep

Unit 4 I want to be an actor

一.询问职业的方式1.What do you do?2. What’s your job?3. What are you?

二.名词所有格

定义:英语名词可以加“’s”来表示所有关系。如果该名词本身是以s结尾的复数形式,其名词所有格只需要加“ ’ ”.

用法:1.表示有生命的东西的名词或表示时间、国家、城镇、机构等名词构成所有格,通常加’s.

2.并列名次各自的所有格,在每个名词后加’s,;表示几个名词共有的则在最后一个名词后加’s.

三.Sometimes, some times ,sometime some time

1.sometimes译为有时,表示频率和频度的副词。

2.some times:名词短语,意为“几次,几倍”

3.sometime副词,意为“某个时候”经常用在将来时当中.

4.Some time:名词短语,意为一段时间,此时的time是不可数名词,翻译为时间。

四.Problem和question

1. problem指疑难或难以解决的问题,如数学,人口,环境污染问题,以及令人困惑的是或情况等。

2.Question多只要求回答的问题

辨析: in hospital住院 In the hospital在医院

At table进餐吃饭 At the table在桌子旁边

Go to school去上学 Go to the school到学校去

Job:可数名词,指具体某项工作,多指雇佣的、招聘的、有报酬的工作

10

Work:不可数名词,主要指脑力和体力劳动,表示抽象活动

五.We need an actor today!

1. need n.需要,必要

2. need v.(1)人+ need+ to do sth 需要做某事(2)人/物+ need + doing sth 应该做某事 Eg: The room needs cleanng.

3. need情态动词,后加动词原形 Eg: I need go home to see my mother

重点词组:

1. shop assistant店员2. bank clerk银行职员3. in the restaurant在饭店

4. go out外出5. TV station电视台6. in/during the day在白天7. work with和某人一起工作

8. at night在晚上9. in the evening在傍晚10. talk to/with sb和某人说话11.in hospital住院

12.in the hospital在医院里13. ask sb sth和某人说要某物14.give sb sth=give sth to sb给某人某物

15.work late工作很晚16.want sb to do sth想要某人做某事17.get ??from??从??得到

18.want to do sth=would like to do sth 常用于口语 19.get back回来20.get up起床21.get on上车

22.get off下车23.need doing sth24.need to do sth

Unit 5 I’m watching TV

八种时态:

两种一般时:一般现在时、一般过去时

两种完成时:现在完成时、过去完成时

两种将来时:一般将来时,过去将来时

两种进行时:现在进行时、过去进行时

一?现在进行时

1) 定义:表示现在进行或发生的动作,还可以表示前一段时间的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作(现在进行时经常与时间状语now连用或用在look! Listen!引出的句子中)

2) 构成:主语+be(am.ia.are)+动词的现在分词(doing)

3) 用法:1.表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作 如:He’s running.

2.表示位置移动的动词,如:come、 go 、arrive 、arrive、 fly 等通常用现在时表示一般将来时。

4) 现在分词构成

二?watch、look 、ee 与read区别

1.watch译为观看、注视,指长时间观看某一活动的场面,如看电视、看比赛等。

2.look:强调看的动作,不强调结果,是不及物动词,后跟宾语时,必须加介词at

3.see:强调看的结果,是及物动词,后面可以直接跟宾语

See sb do sth 看见某人干某事的全过程See sb doing sth 看见某人正在干某事

4. read:译为看,读,其宾语常为报纸、书、杂志等

三.at ,in, on

a) in在一天当中的早晨、上午、下午、晚上或年、季节、月前用in

b) on指具体到某一天上午、下午、晚上用on

c) at通常用在时刻前

重点词组

1. do homework做作业2. watch TV看电视3. eat dinner吃晚饭4. play basketball打篮球

11

5. wait for等待6. talk on the photo通过电话通话7.talk to sb=talk with sb 和某人谈话

8. talk of/about sth谈论某事9. read books读书10. TV show电视节目

11. go to the films/movies=go to the cinema =go to see a film=go to a movie/film去看电影

Unit 6 It’s raining

一、 How’s the weather in Shanghai?

1. How’s the weather?加地点2. What’s the weather like? 加地点

3. 考点:weather 不可数名词 n.天气(同音词whether=if是否)

感叹句构成:what + adj+名词+主语+谓语

1. join是指某一组织团体,成为成员。如果后加表示人的名词或代词,此时译为加入某人,加入某些人的行列中去。例:May I join you?

2. join sb 加入某人

3. take part in 参加会议或群众性活动

4. join in = take part in

show:1.n.节目 TV show

2.v给??看,展示 show sb sth shou sth to sb

There be 句型表示某地有某物,遵循就近一致原则。

三.1. Some? others 一些?一些?

2. Some? the others表示特定范围内的一些,另一些

3. One ?the other 一个?另一个?

Be surprised at Be surprised to do sth

重点词组: 1. Read a book 2. play computer 3 . pretty good 4. take photos 5. look cool 6. lie on the beach7. thank sb for doing sth8. on vacation9. in surprise

10. be surprised in11. to one’s surprise 12. have a good time =enjoy oneself

Unit 7 What does he look like?

Stop:

stop doing sth 停下做某事 Stop to do sth停下来去做另一件事Stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事

Remember :

Remember doing sth 记得曾做过某事Remember to do sth 记得去做某事Remember sb to sth代某人问好

一.What does he look like?? 用于询问人的外貌,特征

Look:?look like=look the same看起来一样

?1.动词vi. 2.联系动词,看起来 3.名词,外表,长相

4.like:? 动词vt. 喜欢 ? 介词 prep. 像?? ? 名词 n. 爱好like当名词讲,通常用复数形式

二.And和or的区别 “和”

1.and通常用于肯定句中2.or通常用于否定句和疑问句中

当两个名词前后都有否定词修饰时,用and不用or.

三.A little bit, a little ,a bit

共同点:当这三个词语作状语时,可以通用,但a little bit 比例另两个所表示的程度要浅。 不同点:a little 和a bit修饰名词作定语用法不同,a little后直接跟不可数名词而a bit需要加of再加不可数名词Eg:a little water=a bit of water

四.love和like的区别

like是强度最弱的一个,指对某人、某物感兴趣,表示单纯的兴趣、满意、好感。其后通常加名词、动词不定式或动名词。

love包含感情色彩最强,意为“爱、热爱、喜欢”其后跟名词、动词不定式或动名词。 12

考点:love一般不用于进行时态,如果love表示喜欢时,一般不用于否定句,love如果用于否定句,只能表示爱。Eg:l like(喜欢) him。But I don’t love(爱) him

well:1.adj 身体好 2.adv 好地 例:Study well

五.I don’t think(否定转移) he’s so great.

think引导的句子中如果表示否定意义,否定词转移到think前边

如果think后面从具有否定意义,往往把否定词转移到主句,叫做否定转移。

重点词组

1. look like 看起来像.... 2. curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发

3. medium height/build 中等高度/身体 4. a little bit 一点儿?

5. a pop singer 一位流行歌手 6 .have a new look 呈现新面貌

7. go shopping (do some shopping) 去购物8. the captain of the basketball team篮球队队长

9. be popular with sb 为---所喜爱 11 .stop to do sth 停下来去做某事

12. stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情13 .tell jokes/ stories 讲笑话/ 讲故事

15. remember ( forget) to do sth 记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的)

16 . remember (forget) doing sth 记得(忘记)做过某事(已做)

Unit 8 I’d like some noodles

一、Would like=want想要、愿意

1.Would like 比want语气委婉

Would like sth = what sth 想要某物Would like to do sth =what to do sth 想要做某事 Would like sb to do sth =what sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

2.与would like相关的句型? What would you like? =What do you want?

Would you like to do sth? 你愿意做某事吗?表示有礼貌提出建议、邀请的句型。 其肯定回答是Yes,I’d like to(to不可省)

否定回答:Sorry, I can’t \Sorry, I have to do

二.可数名词与不可数名词

1) 可数名词变化规则

一般可数名词在词尾后加s

以s、x、sh、ch、结尾的词在词尾后加es

以f、fe、结尾的,变f、fe、为v,再加es

以辅音字母加y结尾的词,变y为i,加es

以o结尾的词,有生命加es,无生命加s(一般情况下)

Negro-negroes hero-heroes tomato - tomatoes

Potato – potatoes piano-pianos zoo –zoos photo – photos radio-radios

2) 考点:部分不规则名词的复数变化

man – men woman–women tooth –teeth foot-feet child-children mouse–mice deer–deer sheep-sheep Chinese-Chinese Japanese – Japanese

三.Also,too,as well,either和as well as

Also:通常用在行为动词前,be动词,情态动词,助动词后。在表示强调时,也可放在句末。

Too:多用于口语当中,通常放在句末,前边必须用到逗号隔开;也可放在句中,这是前后均有逗号。在简略回答中,too常位于代词的宾格形势之后。

As well:通常用于否定句中,表示也,但只能放在句末。 Eg:He plays the piano as well.

Either:只能用于否定句中,通常位于句末 Eg:I don’t like you either

As well as:作连词表示“也,还,而且”用来连接两个并列成分

注:当as well as 连接的两个名词或代词做主语时,谓语动词在人称和数的变化上.就远原 13

则。

重点词组

1) orange juice2) help sb with sth3) green tea4) ice cream5) have a drink6) what size

7) what kind of8) would like sth = what sth 想要某物9) would like to do sth =what to do sth 想要做某事

10) would like sb to do sth =what sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

11) kind of =a little =a little bit 12) all kinds of13) as well as 14) help sb (to) do sth

Unit 9 How was your weekend?

一, 一般过去时

定义:表示在过去的时间里发生的动作或状态。

肯定式:谓语动词用过去式 Eg: My weekend was great.

疑问式:连系动词be的疑问句,把句中的was、were提到句首

实义动词的疑问句在句首加助动词did,后用动词原形。

否定式:连系动词be的否定句,在was、were后加not

实义动词的否定句在实义动词前加didn’t,谓语动词用动词原形。

动词过去式构成:

一般的在动词词尾后加ed

以e结尾的动词在e后加d

重读闭音节并且末尾只有一个辅音字母的,双写该辅音字母再加ed

以辅音字母加y结尾的词,变y为i加ed

不规则的特殊记:

用法:一般过去时表示过去某一确定时间内发生的动作或存在的状态,经常与表示过去的时间状语连用。

1. last week \month \year2. yesterday3. the day before yesterday4. 时间段+ago

5. in+年6. just now 7. this morning

二, spend 、pay、 take 、cost区别

Spend:其主语必须是人。Spend time\money on sth Spend ……(in) doing sth

Pay: 其主语必须是人。不能表示花费时间。Pay……for……

Take :其主语必须是物。(it)It takes sb some time to do sth

Cost:表示花费钱,主语是物。

三. A few ,few的区别A few 修可数名词,表肯定。“有一些”Few: 修可数名词,表否定“几乎没有”

重点词组

have a party stay at home play tennis do some reading clean one’s room go to the cinema go shopping talk show go to the beach practice doing sth study for the test do one’s homework go for a walk have a good trip have a bath=take a shower spend??(in)sth spend on sth enjoy doing sth watch sb do sth watch sb doing sth It’s time to do sth

It takes sb some time to do sth花费某人多长时间去做某事

Unit10 Where did you go on vacation?

On vacation=on holiday

Who wants (want) to go shopping.

1. who做主语,后用陈述句语序,谓语动词通常用单数形式

2. to do 中,to是动词不定式符号 to doing 中,to是介词

同义词组:go to+ some place Visit+ some place Pay a visit to some place 14

Visit sb 看望某人=pay a visit to sb

Listen to sb doing sth听某人做某事

All与whole

All:指全部的,整个的,与复数名词连用时,指所有的 修饰不可数名词时,指整个范围或全部的数量。All在句子中,用于定冠词the和形容词性物主代词及其它限定词前。 Whole:表示全部的,一般修饰单数的可数名词,如果与名词复数联用时,指整个的,强调整体的概念。Whole在句子中用于定冠词the和形容词性物主代词及其它限定词后. Eg: the whole morning=all the morning

动词后接ing的有:Watch\hear\see\listen to\look at \ sb doing sth

have fun doing sth做某事愉快、高兴

enjoy、practice、discuss、mind加doing sth

find sb doing sth发现某人正在干某事(doing现在分词做宾语补足语)

find 、look for、find out 的区别

find:表示寻找的结果look for:表示寻找的过程 find out:发现、找到??的答案 In the corner、屋子里的一个角落on the corner 、at the corner大街的某一个拐角 Come back 回来 go back回去

Get back 取回 give back归还

Discuss sth讨论某事 Discuss sb with sth和某人讨论某事 Discuss doing sth

Uint 11 What do you think of game shows?

一. 词组

1.. TV shows(电视节目)3.a thirteen - year - old boy.一个十三岁的男孩

4. wear colorful clothes.穿着颜色鲜艳的衣服 in fact. 实际上6. wear scarves. 戴着围巾

二.重难点解析

1. wear (v. 动词) "穿,戴,佩"。

2. think "想,考虑,思索"A:think of "考虑";"有...的看法", 有时等于think about. think highly of sb. /sth. 对某人或某物评价甚高

B:think about "考虑"(指计划,观念,看它是否相宜、可行)

3. too与either的区别 4. Would you mind (doing) ...? Do you mind (doing) ...?

5. What do you think of ...?/How do you like..? 你认为...怎么样?

(1)I like it. (2)I don't mind it.(3)I don't like it. (4)I can't stand it.

Unit 12 Don't eat in class.

一.短语.1. in class 在课上2. on school nights 在上学的晚上3. school rules校规

4. no talking禁止交谈 5. listen to music 听音乐 6. have to 不得不7. take my dog for a walk 带狗去散步 8. eat outside 在外面吃饭 9. in the hallway在走廊上 11. arrive late for class上学迟到 12. after school 放学后 17. be in bed在床上 13. practice the guitar 练习弹吉它15. meet my friends和我朋友见面 16. by ten o'clock.十点之前 18. the Children's Palace 少年宫19. help my mom make dinner帮助我妈做饭

二.重点句型

1.Don’t arrive late for school=Don’t be late for school

二. 重难点解析:

1. hear,listen和sound都有"听"的意思,但三者是有区别的。

2. No talking ! "禁止交谈!"no后面加上名词或动名词(doing)也表示不要做某事。与don't +do的用法相似。No smoking! Don't smoke here! 禁止吸烟!3.祈使句

15

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com