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上教新版英语七年级U4讲解及练习

发布时间:2013-10-01 18:32:54  

Unit 4 Seasons

目标导航

高频词wet,kick,town,blow,everything,trip,dry,spend,relative,during 词组take a trip,go on a picnic,make snowmen,fly kites,go swimming,have a

picnic

句型1.It is interesting to see leaves start growing on the trees.

2.It is exciting to make snowmen and spend time playing in the snow with my

friends.

语法1.学习名词变为形容词的构词法。

2.学习形容词作定语的用法。

3.学习形容词作表语的用法。 ·

交际用语1.What about you? 2.Which season do you like best? 写作目标学会描述最喜爱的季节。

Reading

难点精讲

1.In spring the weather starts to get warm.(P45)春天天气开始变暖。 1)in spring“在春天”,季节名词前用介词in。如:

He was born in winter.他在冬季出生。

We often go swimming in summer.我们夏天经常去游泳。 2) start to do“开始做某事”。如:

He started to do his homework after drinking some water.他喝过水后就开

始做功课。

It started to rain when I got home.我到家的时候开始下雨。 1

注:start to do与begin to do有相同的意义,都是“开始做某事”,

但start to do比较强

调动作的开始或由静到动的突然变化,而begin to do比较注重一个过程的开始。

如:

We started to play basketball after school.放学后我们开始打球。 We begin to have our first lesson at 8 a.m.八点我们开始上第一节课。 3) get warm“变暖”,get“变得”,后接形容词。如: Eat your dinner.before it gets cold.在饭菜变凉前把它吃了。

When summer comes,the day gets longer.当夏天到来的时候,白天会变得更长了。

2 It’s interesting to see leaves start growing on the tree.(P45) 看着树叶在树上开始生长很有趣。

1) It’s +adj.+ to do s.th“做某事是如何的”,it是形式主语,真正的主语是“to do s.th”。如:

It’s happy for me to study together with you.我和你一块学习感到真快乐。 It’s funny to see fish swimming in the water.看小鱼在水里游真育趣。 2) start doing与start to do均表示“开始做某事”,一般情况下可以互换使用。如:

Flowers start coming out.=Flowers start to come out.花开始开放了。 Birds start singing.=Birds start to sing.鸟儿开始唱歌了。 . 3) on the tree“在树上”,属于树木本身的部分用on。如: 2

There are a lot of apples on the tree.在树上有许多苹果。

The leaves on the tree turn green.树上的叶子变绿了。

注:不属于树木本身的物体在树上,用in。如:

The birds’are singing in the tree.鸟儿在树上歌唱。

3.Many people like to go to the beach and swiming in the sea.(P45)

许多人喜欢去海滨。到海里游泳。

like to do与like doing均表示“喜欢做某事”,一般情况下可以互换使用。如: .

I like to look at the bright sky at night =I like looking at the bright sky at night. 我喜欢在晚上看明朗的夜空。

They like to play basketball after school.= They like playing basketball after school.他们喜欢放学后打篮球。

4.It is nice to go on a picnic at this time of year because the weather is cool and dry (P45) 因为天气凉爽干燥,每年的这个时候去野餐是件乐事。 ‘ at this time of“??的这个时候”。如:

I often do my homework at home at this time of day.我每天这个时候经常是在家做功课。

They will go back to Australia at this time of year.他们每年这个时候回澳大利亚。

5.People usually spend time with their relatives during the Spring Festival.(P45) 人们通常与他们的亲戚一起度过春节。

spend?with.s.b.花(时间)与某人在一起”。spend后接表示时间的名词。如:

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Do you often spend your holiday with your grandparents?

你经常和爷爷奶奶一起度假吗?

I sometimes spend a little time with my classmates after school.

我有时放学后和同学玩一会。

6.sends out light (P46)发光

send out“发出、发送”。如:

The sun sends out light and heat.太阳发出光和热。

The water on the fire sends out sound.炉子上的水发出响声。

7.It is exciting to make snowmen and spend time laying in the snow with my friends. (P46)堆雪人、与朋友们玩雪是令人兴奋的。

spend doing s.th.“花??做某事”。spend后接表示时间或金钱的名词。如:

I often spend an hour reading every day.我每天用一个小时阅读。 I’d rather spend money traveling than buying a house.我宁愿花钱旅游,也不愿买房子.

随堂测验

一、选择最佳答案填空。

1 who do you spend your Sundays——,Sam?

A.for B.with C.from D. about

2.The park is colourful——this third of year.

A.at . B.in C.on D. during

3.Do you like——with US this aftemoon7 .

A warm and wet B.hot and wet C.cold and wet D.cool and dry

4.Hearing the words,his parents got——-

A.angrier B_angriest C.angry D.angrily

5.The farmers are picking oranges——the trees·

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A.to B.on C.from D.of

二、根据中文意思完成句子。

1.他们看见夜空中有东西发亮。

They saw something light in the dark sky.

2.他累的时候喜欢画画。 .

He 3.学生们拿到试卷就开始写。

The dents as soon as they got the test papers.

4.他每天花一个小时上网。 ,

the Net every day.

5.保护地球很重要。

It’s

Listening

难点精讲

1.and put the photos below in the correct order·(P48)

将下列照片按正确的顺序排列。

in the correct order“按正确的顺序”。如:

My sister can write out the twenty-six English letters in the correct order 我妹妹能按正确的顺序把二十六个字母写出来。 Can you put these adjectives before the noun in the correct order? 你能把这些形容词按正确的顺序排列到这个名词前面吗?

随堂测验

一、选择最佳答案填空。

( )1.The weather in spring is often——in our.country·

A.dry B.wet C.hot D.cold

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( 2.The weather in summer is often——in our country.

A.hot B.warm c,-cold D·cool

3.The weather in autumn is often——in our country.

A.warm and wet B.hot and wet C.cold and wet D.cool and dry )4.The weather in some places is——from others.

A.the same B.different C.better D。worse

二、根据中文意思完成句子。

1.澳大利亚的秋天通常从三月份开始。

Autumn usually March in Australia.

2.澳大利亚的春天在十一月份结束吗?

Does spring November in Australia?

3.在你们家乡夏天夫气是温暖还是酷热? ”

Is the weather or in your hometown in summer?

4.你最喜欢哪个季节?

do you like best?

Grammar

难点精讲

形容词是表示人或事物的性质、状态或特征的词。形容词在句中常做定语,表语,宾语补足语。如:

Jane is a good student.简是一个好学生。(作定语)

The story is very interesting.这个故事很有趣。(作表语)

They got everything ready for their trip.他们为旅行做好了一切准备。(做宾语补足语)

1. 从名词变化来的形容词

英语中有些形容词是由名词变化来的。

名词变为形容词,通常是在名词后加-y构成,如:snow—snowy, rain—rainy。

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当名词是重读闭音节并以一个辅音字母结尾的单词,需要双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-y,如:sun-sunny, fog-foggy。

2. 形容词在句子中的位置

1) 形容词在句子中的一般位置

2)有时形容词要位于所修饰的词后。

(1)形容词修饰不定代词。如:

I have something important to tell you. 我有些重要的事要告诉你。 There is nothing interesting in the book. 这本书很无趣。

(2)形容词是以a-开头的单词。如:

We caught a fish alive yesterday.我们昨天捉了一条活鱼。 The baby awake wants to play.醒来的孩子想要玩。

(3)在It is + adj + to do sth 句型中,形容词作表语。如: It’s nice to swim in the river in summer.夏天在河里游泳挺好。

随堂测验

一、 选择最佳答案填空。

( ) 1. It’s a______ day today.

A. rain B. rains C. rainy D. raining

( ) 2. Can you find ______ in the picture?

A. A thing different B. different a thing 7

C. different something D. something different

( ) 3. It is _______for children to play outside.

A. happy B. happily C. happiness D. happier

( ) 4. I found everyone there very _______.

A. friend B. friendly C. surprised D. surprising

( ) 5. The classroom ________clean and tidy.

A. Makes B. cleans C. looks D. keeps

二、 根据中文意思完成句子。

1.今天是个晴朗的天气。

It’s________ ________ ________ today.

2.因为下大雨,昨天孩子们不能出去玩。

The children couldn’t go out to play because of ________ ________ ________ yesterday.

3. 到香江动物园看动物园真有趣。

——— ——— ———— to see the animals in Xiangjiang Zoo.

4. 在学校努力学习很重要。

It’s ________ ________ ________ with fire.

Speaking & Writing

难点精讲

1、 Come again another day. (P52) 改天再来。

another“另一个”,后面常接可数名词。如:

I don’t like this book. Could you please give me another one ?

我不喜欢这本书,能给我另一本吗?

My grandparents live in another city.我爷爷奶奶住在另一个城市。

2、Mary will get married on Monday morning.(P52)玛丽星期一上午结婚。 on Monday morning“在星期一上午”,表示在具体某天的早上、中午、晚上要用介词on。如:

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We went to the park on a fine morning.我们在一个晴朗的上午去了公园。

He came back home on a rainy evening.他在一个雨夜回到了家。

3、Naughty Nicky knocked on nine windows.(P52)淘气的尼基敲击了九个窗户。

Knock on “敲击”与knock at 同义。如:

Who’s knocking on the window? 谁在敲窗户?

He knocked at the door but no one was in.他敲敲门但没人在家。

4、Because it’s fun to play on the beach in the sunny weather.(P52) 因为在晴天里去海滨玩是件有趣的事。

1) It’s fun to do…“做??是件乐事”,fun“乐事”名词。如: It’s fun to play with my dog.与我的狗玩是件乐事。

It’s fun to swim in the summer.在夏天游泳是件乐事。

注:It’s fun to do…= It’s funny to do…结构相同表达的意义也一样。如:

It’s fun to make snowmen in winter =It’s funny to make snowmen in winter.冬天堆雪人是件乐事。

2) on the beach “在海滨,在海滩”,用on搭配。如:

The children are playing on the beach.孩子们正在海滩上玩。 We collected some shells on the beach.我们在海滩上收集了些贝壳。

3) in the sunny weather“在晴朗的天气里”指在??(天气)的日子里,

用in 搭配。如:

I fell tired in the wet weather .我在潮湿的天气里会感到累。 9

We are going to have a trip in the fine weather.我们准备在一个好天气里去旅游。

5. go swimming (P53) 去游泳

go 后接动词的-ing形式,表示去做某事。如:

Would you like to go painting with me now? 你愿意现在和我去画画吗? Mother goes shopping twice a week.妈妈每周去购物两次。

6. have a picnic(P53) 野餐

have a picnic “野餐”与go on a picnic“去野餐”意义相近。如: It’s fun to have a picnic in the countryside.到郊外野餐是件乐事。 Would you like to go on a picnic with us ?你愿意和我们一起去野餐吗?

随堂测验

一、 选择最佳答案填空。

( )1. I want to visit _________ place next time.

A. another B. other C. the other D. others

( ) 2. The story happened _________ a winter morning.

A. In B. on C. of D. during

( ) 3.Let’s go _________ tomorrow.

A. climb B. climbs C. to climbing D. climbing

( ) 4. They walk _________ the beach after dinner.

A. at B. in C. on D. for

( ) 5. Why did you go out ________ the rainy weather ?

A. in B. on C. with D. at

二、 根据中文意思完成句子。

1、 他看了看窗户并敲了敲。

He had a look at the window and ________ ________ it.

2、 秋天放风筝是件乐事。

It’s ________ _________ __________ kites in autumn.

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3、 为什么周六不和我们去滑冰?

Why not ________ ________ with us next Saturday?

4、 坐在海滨看日落是他的爱好。

Sitting ________ _________ _________ and enjoying the setting sun is his hobby.

5、 他们正在在和朋友们野餐。

They are _________ _________ _________ with some friends.

More practice

1、In the north of China , it is very cold and dry winter.(P54) 在中国的北方,冬天的天气寒冷干燥。

in the north“在北方”指在哪个方向时用介词in搭配。如: His grandpa lives in the south. 他爷爷住在南方。

There are many forests in the north of China.在中国的北方有许多森林。

2、The weather in the south-west of China is very special.(P54) 中国西南部的天气很特别。

south-west “西南”,与中文表达有些不同。英文表示方位的复

合名词还有south-east“东南”,north-east“东北”,north-west“西北”,与in搭配表示在某范围之内。如:

We live in the south-east of our country.我们住在中国东南部。

随堂测验

一、 选择最佳答案填空。

( )1. Guangzhou is _________ the south of China .

A. in B. on C. at D. to 11

( ) 2. It’s ________ in winter in the north of China.

A. warm and dry B. wet and cold

C. wet and warm D. cold and dry

( ) 3. In _________ it is sometimes very hot during the day , but it is often cool

during the night.

A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter

( ) 4. Spring and autumn are the nicest _________ in our country.

A. week B. months C. seasons D. years

( )5. Beijing is in the _________ of China.

A. west B. east C. north D. south

二、 根据中文意思完成句子。

1.长城在中国北方。

The Great Wall is _________ __________ __________ of China.

2.在我的家乡有时会下雪。

Sometimes there is _________ _________ in winter in my hometown.

3. 十二月份中国的天气与澳大利亚十分不同。

The weather in China is __________ __________ from in Australia in December.

4.在中国南部冬天天气温暖。

The weather is warm in winter _________ _________ __________ of China.

5. 在海滨享受柔和的风很舒适。

It is comfortable to enjoy the gently wind _________ __________ __________

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