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新版上教英语七年级U1讲解及练习

发布时间:2013-10-01 18:32:57  

Unit 1 Making friends

目标导航:

高频度词 grammar sound complete hobby country age dream everyone mountain

friendly world yourself

词组 close to,go to school,(be)good at,make friends with,all over,would like to,

listen to music,play basketball,read books

句型 1.I’m good at swimming and playing basketball.

2.i want to make friends with young people from all over the world!

3.Anna likes drawing.

4.I’d like to be your e-friend.

语法 1.学习特殊疑问句的构成与用法。

2.学习冠词 a,an的用法。

交际用语 1.Hello,everyone. 2.Welcome to my blog. 3.Best wish

4.Hi! 5.I hope to hear from you soon.

写作目标:给新朋友发电子邮件。

Reading

1.I’m from Germany我来自德国。

1)be from 来自,相当于come from,后接地点名词。

2)Germany德国,国家名称,Germany 德国的、德国人、德语。本句课转换成其他说法,意思不变。如:I come from Germany我来自德国=I am a Germany.我是德国人。

2.I live with my family in a house close to some mountains.

我和家人居住在一栋房子里。

close to接近、在...近旁,指时间或空间上的靠近。Close在此是形容词。

如:Mr Smith bought a new flat close to his office.

史密斯先生在他的办公室附近买了一套新公寓。

The factory is close to the school.这家工厂离着锁学校很近。

3.I have an elder sister and an elder brother. 我有一个姐姐和哥哥。

elder 年长的,形容词,是old的比较级,通常指用于谈论家庭团成员的长幼,不用于比较。也做名词,指长辈。

如:Which is the elder of the two sister?两姐妹中谁是姐姐。

We should respect the elder.我们应该尊敬长辈。

4.I go to school by school bus.

by school bus乘校车,不是出行的方式,在句中做状语。相同的结构有by bike by plane. We will visit Hong Kong by ship next Sunday.

His father often goes to work by bike.

5.I like my school because the teachers are all very friendly.

1) because因为,连词在句中引导原因状语从句,说明原因。

如:He had to stay at home because it was raining heavily.

Tom doesn’t go to school because he is ill today.

2) be friendly 友好的、友善的be friendly to sb. 对某人友好。

My classmates are friendly to me.

The children here are friendly with one another.

6.My dream is to be an engineer.我的理想是当一名工程师。

to be an engineer成为一名工程师。

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7.I’m good at swimming and playing basketball.

be good at 擅长,at后名词性质的词,如果后接的是动词,则使用动名词的形式,即动词加 ing的形式。如:He is good at Maths. Lucy is good at dacing.

8.I want to make friends with young people from all over the world.

1)want to do想要做...不定式to do在want后做宾语,want后也可以直接用名词作宾语。 I want some water. Can you give me some?

They want to visit Beijing next week.他们下周想要参观北京。

2)make friends with...与...交朋友,friend 用复数形式。如:

The new comer has already made friends with us.新同事已经和我们交上朋友了。

Tom makes friends with his new classmates soon.汤姆很快就和他的新同学交了朋友。

3)all over the world全世界,all over遍及,到处,后接表范围的地点名词,相同结构的有: All over the country,all over the school.

I want to travel all over the world.我想周游世界。

I looked all over the house to find my glasses.我找遍了整个房间才找到了我的眼镜。

9.Please email us your answer to these questions.请用电子邮件吧这些答案发给我们。

email sb sth.有电子邮件给某人发送某物。

My friend emailed me some beautiful photos yesterday.

=My friend emailed some beautiful photos to me yesterday.

我的朋友昨天用电子邮件给我发了一些漂亮的照片。

10.What subjects do you like best?

Like..best 最喜欢...best在此是副词well 的最高级,修饰实义动词不是:十分、最。 如:They are good friends. They know each other best.他们是好朋友,他们非常了解对方。 My brother plays basketball best.

随堂检测

一、选择最佳答案填空

( )1.Jane is___to others,so most of us want to make____with her.

A.friend,friends B.friendly,friend C.friends,friendly D.friendly,friends

( )2.Jack is my____brother.he is two years_____than me.

A.elder,elder B.older,older C.elder,older D.older,elder.

( )3.Which animal do you like_____,a hare,a monkey or a panda?

A.good B. well C.better D.best

( )4.Peter’s dream is___in the sky.

A.to fly B.flies C.flew D.would fly

( )5.Jack was tired.he wanted______a good sleep.

A.have B.has C.to have D.having

( )6.My family went to a mountain village______last holiday.

A.by bikes B.by train C.on bus D.by foot

( )7.Pleas email_____your photo.

A.I B.me C.my D.mine

( )8.--Do you come from______? --No.But I can speak_____well.

A.Germany,German B.Germany,Germany C.Germany,Germany D.German,German

二、凝聚中文意思完成句子

1.你擅长哪一门学科?

Which subject________________ _____________ ____________ _________?

2.清同学们把作业的答案用电子邮件发给我。

Please__________ __________your keys to your homework,children.

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3.没人想跟本交朋友。

No one wants to_______ _______with Ben.

4.他走进窗口,向外看了一下。

She walked_______ ________the window and looked out of it.

5.在我们家,我妹妹钢琴弹得很好。

My younger sister_________the piano________in our family.

Listening

1. When you listen to a conversation, you need to pay attention to the wh-questions.

当你听一段对话的时候,你要注意特殊疑问句。

1) listen to “听”,指听的动作。“听见”,强调听的结果,后可直接跟宾语。如:

We listen to the teacher carefully inn class. 我们上课是认真听老师讲课。

I called after you, but you did not hear. 我在后面喊你,但是你没有听到。

2) need to do “需要做……”,need后可接名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词作宾语。如: I need your help to move the heavy box. 我需要你帮忙搬动这个重箱子。

I nee to move the heavy box to the next room. 我需要把这个重箱子搬到隔壁房间。

3) pay attention to注意...to 是介词,后节名词性的词。如:

Please pay attention to your spelling,Sandy.

Teacher told us to pay more attention to the tenses when writing a sentence.

2.What she looks like: 她的长相

The kite looks like a plane in the sky.风筝看上去像天上的飞机。

Does your sister look like your mother? 你妈妈长得像你妈妈吗?

随堂测验

一、单选

( )1.They are_____the music.

A.listening to B.listening C.to listen D.listen

( )2.Look at the running cloud.It looks______a running horse.

A.at B.like C.for D.after

( )3.Can you tell me_____he means?

A.when B.where C.what D.which

( )4.--What does a panda_____?---Bamboo.

A.looks like B.look like C.likes D.like

二、根据中文意思完成句子。

1. 请注意交通灯。

Please_______ ________ ________te traffic lights.

2.你的弟弟长得像谁?

Who__________your younger brother_________ __________?

3.你需要看一下样板吗?

Do you__________ _________have a look at the models?

4.我听听电台广播的音乐吧。

Let’s_________ __________some music on the radio.

Grammer

1.特殊疑问句

句首用what,who,whose,which,when,where,why,how等疑问词提问的句子成为特殊疑问句,回答不不用yes/no只针对特殊疑问词的内容作出回答。

What什么,代表事物, which 哪一个,代表人或事物 when什么时候,询问时间,where哪里,询问地点,why为什么,询问原因,how怎样,如何,询问方式和状态,how与一些 3

形容词连用,课构成不同含义的特殊疑问词,如:how many/much多少,how old, how long, how far,how heavy.

特殊疑问句的结构是:特使疑问词+一般疑问句。根据句子谓语动词的不同,特殊疑问句的具体结构通常有以下形式:

1)谓语动词是动词be是特殊疑问句+be+主语+其他成分。如:

What is your father?你爸爸是做什么的?

How many books are there in your bag?你的书包有多少本书?

2)谓语动词是实义动词时:特殊疑问词+do/does/did+主语+动词原形+其他成分。如: What time does your mother get up in the morning?你妈妈早上何时起床?

Where did you go last Sunday?你上周日去哪里了?

3)谓语含有的动词是助动词和情态动词时:特殊疑问词+助动词/情态动词+主语+动词+其他成 分。如:

When will you leave for Beijing?你何时去北京?

How can I get to the book shop?我该怎么去书店?

What are the boys doing by the lake?

4)特殊疑问做主语时:特殊疑问词+谓语+其他成分。如:

Who broke the window?是谁把窗户打破的?

Which book is yours?那本书是你的?

随堂检测:

一、单选

( )1.Which is heavier,______whale or_____elephant?

A.a,a B.an,an C.a,an D.an,a

( )2.Mrs Lin’s elder son is______honest boy.

A.a B.an C.the D./

( )3.--______is your e-friend in the picture?

--Here,the one with long hair is.

A.Who B.Whose C.How D.Which

( )4.--_____is your favourite subject? --English,of course.

A.What B.Whose C.how D.Why

( )5.--_____were you late for school?

--I went to the doctor’s first.

A.When B.Where C.Why D.How

二、对划线部分提问(每空只填一个词) __________ _________he email his e-friend?

________does Jane need_________ ________in the evening?

3.They’ _________ _________will they__________in the mountain village? __________are working in the fruit garden with the farmers?

___________ __________Jack_________to school yesterday?

Speaking &Writing

1.Help him finish his email.

help sb do sth帮助某人做某事 如:

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Can you help me carry the books to the office?

Sam is helping an old man cross the road.

2.I’d like to be your e-friend.我想成为你的网友。

Would like to be想成为...与want to be...同义;would like 后接不定式,即would like to do sth想做某事,不是一种意愿,相当于want to do sth。Would like 在句中常缩写为:’d like.如: I’d like to go there by bike. Would you like to have some tea?你要喝茶吗?

随堂练习

一、 单选

( )1.________there any fish on the plate?

A.Is B.Are C.Do D.Does

( )2.Are you going to_____a bus to the Museum tomorrow?

A.ride B.take C.by D.on

( )3.What does_____do?

A.your uncle B.your uncles’ C.your uncle’s D.your uncle

( )4.Would you like _____a famous person when you grow up?

A.being B.to do C.to be D.do

( )5.peter often helps his father______the flowers after school.

A.water B.waters C.watering D.watered

二、 根据中文意思完成句子。

1.今天早上学生们帮助老人们打扫房间。

The students_________the old________their houses this morning.

2.你想当医生吗?

___________you like __________ __________a doctor?

3.我昨天乘地铁去番禺。

I_________ ________ ________to Panyu yesterday.

4.你可以给我些一封邮件,介绍一下你的国家吗?

Could you ________ _______ ____________ ___________me and tell about your country?

5.你的父亲从事什么职业?他是医生吗?

____________does your father__________?Is he a doctor?

More practice

1.I like flying kites in my free time.我空闲时喜欢放风筝。

1)like doing喜欢做某事,like后接动名词doing 或不定式to do,意义差别不大。

Like doing 与enjoy doing是同义短语,如:

I like reading before I go to bed.=I enjoy reading I go to bed我喜欢睡前看书。

2)free time空闲时,常与介词in 搭配,同义短语是spare time,相反的短语是busy time繁忙的。如:would you like to go fishing with me in your free time.你有空时愿意和我去钓鱼吗?

It’s the busy time od a day now.现在是一天中最繁忙时段,

2.I hope to hear from you soon.我希望不久能够收到你的来信。

1)hope to do sth.希望做某事,hope后接不定式to do,表示希望做的事,hope也可以后接一个从句,阐述希望做的事,从句通常用将来时。如:

He hopes to get a good job after fishing school.

=He hopes that he will get a good job after finish school.他毕业后能找到好工作。

2) hear from收到来信=get a letter from同意。如:

I heard from my old friend yesterday.=I got a letter from my old friend yesterday.

我昨天收到了老朋友的来信。

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随堂检测

一、单选

( )1.Do you like______sightseeing with us?

A.go B.go to C.to going D.going

( )2.What do you usually do______your free time?

A.on B.in C.at D.for

( )3.I hope______my coming holiday in Beijing.

A.spend B.spending C.to spend D.spent

二、同一句转换(每空一词)

1.I didn’t get a letter from my uncle last month.

I didn’t_________ _________my uncle last month.

2.I hope I will meet my parents soon.

I hope__________ _____________my parents soon.

3.My sister likes collecting animal stamps.

My sister _________ __________animals stamps.

4.We often go swimming when have time.

We often go swimming_________ ________ __________ _________.

5.My favourite sport is volley ball.

I like___________ _________very much.

Reading

一、1-5 DCDCA 6-8 BBA二、1.are you good at 2.email me 3.makes friends 4.close to 5.plays,best Listening

一、1-4ABCD

二、1.When does 2.What,to do 3.How long,stay 4.Who 5.How did,go

Speaking Wrting

一、1-5ABDCA

二、1.helped,clean 2.Would, to be 3.took the underground 4.write an email to 5.What,do

More Practice

一、1-3 DBC

二、1.hear from 2.to meet 3.enjoy collecting 4.in our free time 5.playing volleyball

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