haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

冠词与特殊疑问词

发布时间:2013-10-02 10:20:21  

教学讲义

Step One:

Step Two: 课前热身

根据题意,选择最佳答案。

1. It takes us ________ hour or more to go to my home town by ______ train.

A. an; a B. a; an C. an; / D. a; / 2. There is ______ ―s‖ and ____ ―u‖ in this word.

A. a; an B. an; a C. a; the D. the; the

3. –By the way, have you got _________ E-mail address?

--Oh yes, it’s rggren@ hotmail. com.

A. the B. an C. a D. /

4. -- What do you think of this book?

--I think it is ______ useful book.

A.a B.an C.the D./

5. I like playing ______ basketball but my sister likes playing________piano.

A. the; the B. /; / C. the; / D. /; the

Step Three: 讲解冠词的用法

一. 冠词的用法

冠词是虚词,放在名词之前,用来说明名词指的人或事物。冠词有两种。A(an)叫不定冠词,the叫定冠词。A用在辅音音素之前,an用在元音音素之前。

1. 不定冠词的用法

(1) a和an均用在单数名词之前,表示某一类人或事物。例如:

John is a student.

Mary is an English teacher.

(2) 指某一类人或事物中的任何一个。例如:

A steel worker makes steel.

Pass me an apple, please.

(3) 指某人或某物,但不具体说明何人或和物。例如:

A student wants to see you.

A girl is waiting for you outside.

(4) 表示―每一‖的意思,相当于every。例如:

Take the medicine three times a day.

They go to see their parents once a week.

2. 定冠词用法

(1) 特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。例如:

The book on the desk is an English dictionary.

Beijing is the capital of China.

1

(2) 指说话人和听话人都熟悉的人或事物。例如:

Open the door, please.

Jack is in the library.

(3) 上文提到过的人或事物。例如:

Yesterday John’s father bought him a new bike. The bike cost him 200 yuan.

(4) 表示世界上独一无二的事物。例如:

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

(5) 用在序数词和形容词最高级之前。例如:

Shanghai is the biggest city in China.

January is the first month of the year.

(6) 用在某些形容词之前,表示某一类人或事物。例如:

The nurse is kind to the sick.

We should take good care of the old.

(7) 用在某些专有名词之前和某些习惯用语中。例如:

the Great Wall, the Summer palace, in the morning, in the open air等。

(8) 用在姓氏复数之前,表示―某某一家人‖,―某某夫妇‖。例如:

the Browns, the whites等。

(9) 表示所有,相当于物主代词,用在表示身体部位的名词前。

She caught me by the arm.

(10) 用在表示乐器的名词之前。

She plays the piano。

3. 零冠词的情况

(1) 某些专有名词,抽象名词和物质名词前一般不用冠词。例如:

China, Canada, Japanese, glass, water, love等。

(2) 名词前已有作定语用的this, that, my, your, whose, some, any, no, each, every等代词

时,不用冠词。例如:

That is my cap.

I have some questions.

Go down this street.

(3) 复数名词表示一类人或事物时,不用冠词。

They are workers.

We are students.

(4) 称呼语前不用冠词,表示头衔和职务的名词前也不加冠词。例如:

I don’t feel well today, Mother.

Bush was made president of the U.S.

(5) 三餐饭的名称前,球类活动,学科和节目名词前,常不用冠词。例如:

I have lunch at home.

He often plays football after class.

We have English and maths every day.

(6) 在某些固定词组里,名词之前常不用冠词。例如:

By air, at night, at home, go to bed, go to school, on foot, from morning till night 等。

(7)在季节、月份、节日、假日、日期、星期等表示时间的名词之前。

We go to shool from Monday to Friday .

四.不用冠词的序数词

1.序数词前有物主代词时。

2.序数词做副词。 He came first in the race.

2

3.在固定词组中,如:at(the)first ,first of all。From first to last 等。

简要总结:不定冠词

月份、星期、节假洲,呼语、头衔职务前;

三餐、球类、惯用语,学科、棋类名词前。

【口诀荟萃】

冠词基本用法

【速记口诀】

名词是秃子,常要戴帽子,

可数名词单,须用a或an,

辅音前用a, an在元音前,

若为特指时,则须用定冠,

复数不可数,泛指the不见,

3

碰到代词时,冠词均不现。

【妙语诠释】冠词是中考必考的语法知识之一,也是中考考查的主要对象。以上口诀包括的意思有:①名词在一般情况下不单用,常常要和冠词连用;②表示不确指的可数名词单数前要用不定冠词a或an,确指时要用定冠词the;③如复数名词表示泛指,名词前有this,these,my,some等时就不用冠词。

Step Four: 讲解特殊疑问词 *疑问代词:who: 主语、宾语、表语、用来提问表示“人”的各种成分。如:

Who is that in black coat?—-做主语

Who is she?----- 做宾语

whose: 用来提问“谁的”。

which: 用来提问“哪一个/位”。

what: 提问表示“干什么”等意思

*疑问副词:when: 提问在何时。

where: 提问在何地

why: 提问表示原因的短语或句子

how: 提问表示程度或方式的副词或短语

*由疑问词how 构成的短语引导的问句

how old (表示年龄)多大了, how long(表示时间或物体的长短)有多长 , how many + 复数名词 表示多少 , how much + 不可数名词 表示多少 , how far (表示距离)多远

Step Five: 巩固训练

一.根据题意,选择最佳答案。

1.My father is______manager. He works in_______office.

A. a; an B. an; a C. a; the D. an; an

2. ---What’s the matter with you?

---I caught ________ bad cold and had to stay in ________ bed.

A. a;/ B. a; the C. a; a D. the; the

3. ______ sun is bigger than _______ earth.

A. A; the B. A; an C. The; an D. The; the

4. Did you enjoy your stay in Xian?

Yes. I had _______ wonderful time.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

B. ---How do you go to ______ work?

5.---I usually take _____ bus.

A. the; a B. /; a C. a; a D. The; an

6. _______ old man behind Mary is ______ university teacher.

A. An; an B. A; the C. The; a D. The; the

7. Guangzhou is one of _____ biggest cities in China. It has _____ long history.

A. a; the B. the; a C. a; a D. the; the

4

8. After ______ supper, she started to play ______ piano.

A. the; a B. /; the C. a; the D. /; /

9. He is _______ honest boy, so we all like him.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

10. I’ve had ______ bad headache all day. So I think I’ll go to ______ bed early.

A. a; / B. /; the C. /; / D. a; the

11. His wife got hurt in the accident. I didn’t know how to tell him _____ bad news.

A. a B. the C. /

12. People like to see films on ______ TV instead of going to _____ cinema.

A. the; the B. /; the C. the; /

piano all by herself.

A. a B. an C. the D.不填

14. What do you want to be in the future, Nick?

--1 want to be _____ pilot. It is_____ exciting job.

A. a; a B. a; an C. the; an D, a; the

15. John can play _____ guitar, but he can’t play ______ chess.

A. the;/ B./;the C. the; the

二.在空白处填上适当的冠词,不需要的填“

4) catch 1) at ____home /”。

6) ______red apple ______ bad cold 2) go to_____ bed 3) go to _____school

9)_____ 7)_____ English book 5) have _____ good time 8) ______ spoon

三.对划线部分提问。 orange 10) ______melon 11) _______ eraser

就划线部分提问)

________ _______ is the hospital ?

就划线部分提问)

_______ _______ students are there in your class?

就划线部分提问)

______ ______ do you write to your mother ?

就划线部分提问)

_______ _______ pens does he have ?

就划线部分提问)

________ _______ is she?

Step six:课堂总结

Step seven:作业布置

一、选择填空1.There is _______ A.2.This is_______ orange bike . an B.a C.the ―m‖ in the word ―primary‖ D./

A.a 3.It always takes us half_______ hour to have _______ long walk after supper . B.an C.the D/

A.a,a 4.English is _______ useful language in_______ world . B,a ,the C.an , a D.an , the

A.an , the 5.We are going to_______ cinema this evening . B.a , the C.the , / D./ , the

A.the B./ C/a D.an

5

6.He’s standing on_______ other side of _______river . A.a , a B.the , the C.the , a D.a , the 7. _______potato is a vegetable , not_______ fruit . A.The , an B.The , a C.A, the D.An, / 8.He was_______ first to come . A.The B.a C.the D./ 9.Do you see_______ book on _______ table ? A.the , a B.a, an C.an , an D.a , the 10.Where’s _______desk ? It’s in _______ middle of the room . A./ , / B./ , a C.a , / D.the , the 11.He is_______ friend of mine . A.an B./ C.the D.a 12.There is _______university near the farm . A.a B.an C.the D./ 13.He died in_______ autumn of 1989 . A./ B.the C.a D.an 14.I have _______book . I t’ s _______ interesting one . I like reading _______ books very much . A.a, an ,/ B.a , / , the C.an , an , the D./ , an , / 15.Today is_______Children’s Day . A.a B.an C.the D/ 16.This is_______ bag . That is _______ eraser . A.a, a B.a , an C.an , a D. an , an

17. He is ______ university student and he comes from ______ island in England.

A. an; an B. an; a C. a; an D. a; a

18. The singer usually sings while playing ______ piano.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

19. I think Suzhou is _______ most beautiful tourist city in China and I’ll come for _____ second

time.

A. a; a B. the; the C. the; a D. a; the

20. ---Do you like a blue bike for your birthday?

---But I prefer ______ green one.

A. the B. / C. a

21. ---Do you have the key to ______ blue car?

---I think ______ key is on the desk.

A. the; the B. the; / C. /; the D. a; a

二.对划线部分提问。

______ ______ ______ he ______ cleaning the room.

_______ ______ was bought yesterday?

_______ is your mother?

6

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com