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2013版八年级英语上册Unit3 Section B(2a-2e)

发布时间:2013-10-03 10:23:04  

Unit 3

I am more outgoing than
my sister.

2a Write the comparative forms of the following adjectives. Then use them to write five sentences about you and your friends. more popular popular________ funny ________ funnier

quiet ________ quieter
shy ________ shier

friendly ________ friendlier
serious ________ more serious

more outgoing smart ________ outgoing ___________ smarter more hard-working hard-working ________________________

2b

Read the passages quickly and match the person with the right ideas. Friends are like books —you don?t need a lot of them. A true friend reaches for your hand and touches your heart. It?s not necessary to be the same. My best friend is quite different from me.

Huang Lei Mary Smith

Jeff Green

2b

Read the passage carefully and find the differences and similarities between friends.

differences: I?m quieter and more serious than most kids. He is taller and more outgoing than me. He plays tennis better. Larry is much less hard-working. So I always get better grades than he does. She?s funnier than anyone I know.

Similarities:
My best friend Yuan Li is quiet, too. We both like sports. We can talk about and share everything.

2b Read about what these people think. Underline the differences between the friends and circle the similarities.
My mother told me a good friend is

like a mirror. I’m quieter and more
serious than most kids. That’s why

I like reading books and I study harder in class.
My best friend Yuan Li is quiet too, so we

enjoy studying together. I’m shy so it’s not

easy for me to make friends. But I think
friends are like books- you don’t need a lot

of them as long as they’re good.

阅读短文找出比较级的词汇和短语划线。

My mother told me a good friend is like a mirror. I’m quieter and more serious than most . That’s why I Jeff Green like reading books and studying harder in class. My best friend Yuan Li is quiet too, so we enjoy studying together. I’m 喜欢学习 shy so it’s not easy for me to make friends. 交朋友 But I think friends are like books---you don’t need a lot of them as long as they’re good.
许多=lots of as long as 只要;既然

课文翻译
? 我妈妈告诉我好朋友就像一面镜子。 我比大多数孩子更安静、更稳重。这就是 为什么我喜欢读书并且在课堂上更加努力 地学习。我最好的朋友李渊也很安静,所 以我们喜欢一起学习。我很害羞,所以对 我来说交朋友不是很容易的事儿。但是我 想朋友就应该像一本书—------你不需要多 而是精。

It’s not necessary to be the same. My best friend Larry is quite

different from me. He is taller
and more outgoing than me.

We both like sports, but he plays tennis better,
so he always wins. However, Larry often helps

to bring out the best in me. So I’m getting better
at tennis. Larry is much less hard-working,

though. I always get better grades than he does,
so maybe I should h

elp him more.

It’s not necessary to be the same. My best friend Larry is quite different from 与···不同;与···有差异 ··· ··· me. He is taller and Huang Lei more outgoing than me. We both like sports, but he plays tennis better , so he always wins. However, Larry often helps to使显现;使表现出 bring out the best in me. So I’m getting better at tennis. Larry is much less hard-working, though. I always get better grades than he does, so 取得好成绩 maybe I should help him more.

朋友没有必要相同。我最好的朋 友Larry 就和我有很大不同。他比我 高并且外向。我们都喜欢运动,但 是他更喜欢网球,所以他总是赢。 然而,Larry 经常帮助我达到最好。 所以我在网球上一直在进步。然而 ,Larry 很少用功,我总是比他获得 更好的成绩,所以也许我更应该帮 助他。

I don’t really care if my friends are the same as me or different. My favorite saying is. “ a true friend reaches for your hand and touches your heart.” My best friend Carol is really kind and very funny. In fact, she’s funnier than anyone I know. I broke my arm last year but she made me laugh and feel better. We can talk about and share everything. I know she cares about me because she’s always there to listen.

I don’t really care if my friends are the··· same as·· or different. My me 和···相同;与···一致 · favorite saying is, “ A true friend reaches for your hand touches your Mary Smith heart .” My best friend Carol is really kind and very funny. In fact , she’s funnier than I事实上;实际上 anyone I know. I broke my arm last year but she made me laugh and feel better. We can talk about and share everything. I know she cares about me because she’s always there to 关心;在意 listen. The young people should care about the old.

我不关心是否我的朋友和我想的 相同或是不同。我最喜欢的谚语是 :一个真正的朋友能碰到你的手, 并且达到你的心。我最好的朋友 Carol 是一个善良、快乐的人。事 实上,她比我认识的任何人都快乐 。去年我伤了我的胳膊,但是她哄 我开心,让我感觉好些。我们可以 谈论和分享每件事。我知道她关心 我,因为她总是在那倾听。

句子理解 翻译

1. My mother told me a good friend is like a mirror. 我妈妈告诉我好朋友就像一面镜子。 2.So we enjoy studying together. 因此我们喜欢在一起学习。 3.So it?s not easy for me to make friends. 因此对我来说交朋友不容易。 4. It?s not necessary to be the same. 没有必要相同。 5.We both like sports. 我们两个都喜欢运动。 6.Huang Lei isn?t as good at tennis as Larry. 黄磊不如拉里擅长网球。 7.My best friend helps to bring out the best in me. 我最好的朋友帮我把最好的方面发掘出来。 8.Larry is much less hard-working, though, I always get better grades 拉里

不如我用功,因此我总是取得更好的成绩。

make friends 短语熟记 交朋友 be like 像……;跟……一样”。 只要;既然 as long as 与··不同;与·有差异 ·· ·· · · be different from 使显现;使表现出 bring out 取的好成绩 get better grades 和··相同;与··一致 ·· ·· ·· ·· the same as 触动你的心 touch your heart 事实上;实际上 in fact 交谈 talk about 关心;在意 与··相像(类似)的 ·· ·· care about be similar to

Read 2b again . Then fill in the blanks .
1.I like to have friends who __________ like me . (be) 2. There are some __________ , though . (different) 3. It?s not __________ to be the same . (必要的,必需的) 4. He always __________ me in tennis . (打败) 5. I don?t really __________ .(对…在意) 6.I think differences are not __________ in a friendship . (重要的)

2c

Are the statements true (T) or false (F)?

( F )1.Jeff is less serious than most kids. ( T )2.Jeff and Yuan Li are both quiet. ( F )3.Jeff thinks it is easy for him to make friends. ( F )4. Huang Lei is taller than Larry. ( T )5. Huang Lei isn?t as good at tennis as Larry. ( F )6. Larry works harder than Huang Lei. ( F )7. Mary thinks her friends should be the same as her. ( F )8. Carol broke her arm last year and Mary made her feel better.

2d How do you and your friends compare with the people in the article? Write five sentences. I’m different from Jeff because I'm louder than the other kids in my class. My best friend is similar to Larry because she’s less hard-working than me. ______________________________________

1.I?m similar to Jeff because I like reading books and works harder in class.
2. My friend is similar to Carol because she always makes me laugh. 3. I?m different from Huang Lei because I think my best friends should be the same as me. 4. My friend is similar to Yuan Li because she is quiet and like studying. 5. I?m similar to Carol because I?m funnier than any other kids and I make my friends laugh.

2e Which saying is your favorite? Which friend do you think about when you read this saying?

Why? Tell your partner about it.
1.A good friend is like a mirror.

2. Friends are like books- you
don’t need a lot of them as

long as they’re good.

3. My best friend helps to bring out the best

in me.
4. A true friend reaches for your hand and

touches your heart.

My favorite saying is “A true friend

reaches for your hand and touches
your heart.” It makes me think about my best friend, Wu Zhou. He helps me with my English for three years. I was bad in English three years ago. But now I?m interested in it with his help.

阅读2b,完成下列问题。 1.Who likes to have friends who are different from him or her? A. James Green B. Huang Lei C. Mary Smith D. Larry. 2.Yuan Li is ________ than Jeff Green. A. smarter B. quieter C. taller D. more outgoing 3.Huang Lei thinks it?s _____ to be the same. A. necessary B.

important C. unnecessary D. different 4.Larry always beats Huang Lei in ______. A. basketball B. baseball C. tennis D. soccer. 5.Who have opposite views according to the passage? A. Jeff Green and Mary Smith B. Jeff Green and Huang Lei C. Yuan Li and Larry D. Carol and Mary Smith

1.like 动词,喜欢; Tom likes fish very much.汤姆非常喜欢鱼。 I like reading books and studying harder in class. 介词,像 (1). be like, look like 意为“像……;跟……一样”。 例如 A good friend is like a mirror What?s your sister like?你姐姐怎么样/你姐是怎样一个人? She is like her mother.她象她的妈妈。(性格) What does your sister look like?你姐姐长什么样子? She looks like her mother.她看起来象她的妈妈。(外貌) (2). feel like后接Ving形式、代词或名词,意为“想要做某事”。 例如:Do you feel like having a rest?你想休息吗? 常见句型: What do you like about...?意为“关于……你喜欢什么?”, How do you like...?意为“你认为……怎么样?” (=What do you think of...?) Would you like +名词 / to do sth.?意为"你想要……吗?

2.Peter likes to do the same things as me. 喜欢和我做一样的事情。 My best friend Larry is quite different from me. 我最好的朋友拉里和我很不一样。 (1)the same as...意为“与··相同”。例如: ·· ·· My birthday is the same as Tom?s. 我的生日与汤姆的一样。 I have the same school bag as yours. 我有一个和你一样的书包 (2) different from...意为“和··不一样”,是the same ·· ·· as...的反义词组。例如: Lucy is different from Lily. 露西与莉莉不一样。 [拓展] difference 意为“不同;不用之处”,可做可数名 词,也可用作不可数名词。例如: There is no difference between the twins. 那对双胞胎长得一模一样。

1.Life in the country is quite ______ that in the city, A. the same B. different from C. full of D. the same as 2.Is your pen _______ Jim?s? A. same as B. the same C. the same with D. the same as 3.There is not much _______________ (different) in price between the two coats. 4.我的妹妹和我不一样。 It’s important for you to practice speaking English. It’s good for us to do me. My sister _______ _______ _______ sports every day.

3.It is+形容词(easy, important, difficult, necessary,...)+( for/of sb.)+不定式 做某事是…… 【例如】 It is important for to learn English. It?s not necessary to be the same. It?s good to run in the morning. It?s not easy for me to make friends.

4.We both like sports. 我们两个都喜欢运动。 They are both tall. 他们两个都高。 both 表示两者都, both of 两者都 例如: They both are students.= Both of them are students. The girls both like English. =Both of the girls like English.
练一练 放在be动词之后, 实义动词之前 1.There are lots of buildings on _____ s

ides of the streets. A. each B. both C. either D. all 2.What are your parents? They _____ doctors. A. are all B. are both C. all are D. both are 3.Li Lei and Li Ming_____ black hair. A. have both B. both have C. has both D. both has

5.Huang Lei isn’t as good at tennis as Larry.黄磊不如拉里擅长网 球。as...as 与··一样 ·· ·· not as/so...as 不如·· 中间加形容词或副词的原级。例如: ·· ·· He is as tall as Tom. 他跟汤姆一样高。 She isn’t as outgoing as her sister. 她不如她的姐姐外向。 She doesn’t study so / as hard as her brother 1.Jim is twelve years old. Tim is twelve years old, too.(合 并为同义句) Jim is _______ _______ _______ Tim. 2.Do you think football is as _______ as basketball in America? A. most popular B. the most popular C. more popular D. popular 3.This math problem is _______that one. A. not so easy as B. more easy than C. as easier as D. easy than

6.However, Larry is much less hard-working, though I always get better grades.然而,拉里不如我用功,因此我 总是取得更好的成绩。 little 和much 都可用来修饰比较级,表示“更··一 ·· ·· 点,··得多”。例如: ·· ·· He is a little shorter than you. 他比你少矮一点儿。 [拓展] 修饰比较级除了用a little 外,还可用even(甚 至),far(非常),a lot(非常),a bit(一点)等。
练一练 14.This is my friend. He is _____outgoing than I am. A. much B. more much C. a little more D. a lot of more 15.She is _______ _______ _______(稍矮一点)than Tom.

7. win +比赛项目 win a match / game 赢得某个比赛项目 He won the game. beat sb + (in +比赛项目) beat sb. / a team (在某个比赛项目中)打败某人 He always beats me in pingpong. 他总在网球方面打败了我 记忆:A beat B, so A win

8. I don?t really care if my friends are the same as me or different.

“ if ” 译为“ 是否” 而非“ 如果”。 If 后
所引导的句子是主句 I don?t really care 的

谓语动词care 的宾语, 故称作“ 宾语从句”
I don?t care if he likes or not-I?m coming.

我不管他喜欢不喜欢——我会来的!
Can you tell me if I?m right, Mr.. Green?

格林先生, 您能告诉我我是正确的吗?

Be like 翻译下列词组。 like reading books like studying harder. enjoy studying together. it’s not easy for me to make friends. don’t need a lot of them as long as It’s not necessary to be different from helps to bring out the best in me. getting better at tennis.

much less hard-working, maybe care about I don’t really care be the same as. In fact , “ A true friend reaches for your and touches your heart .” she’s funnier than anyone I know. made me laugh and feel better. talk about and share everything be always there to l

一、句型转换
1. Peter is thinner than Sam. (同义句转换) Sam is fatter than Peter. 2. My sister is better at study than I. She is cle

ver. (同义句转换)

My sister is much smarter than me at study.

3. I study science very well. (同义句转换)

I am very good at science.
4. Miss Li is popular in our class. Mr. Wang is more popular.(同义句转换)

Mr. Wang is more popular than Miss Li.

二、用比较级形式填空
1.Tom?s bike is new, but John?s bike is ______. newer 2.Tom?s schoolbag is big, but John?s bigger schoolbag is _________.

3.Tom?s house is small, but John?s house smaller is even _________. 4.Tom?s coat is long, but John?s coat is longer even _________. better 5.Tom?s desk is good, but John?s desk is ______.

6. He is ________ (young) than I am. younger

older 7. Mr. Smith is much _____ (old) than his wife.
bigger 8. Chicago is ______ (big) than Paris.

better 9. This book is ______ (good) than that one. worse 10. The weather this winter is _______ (bad) than that of last winter.

三、单项选择
B 1. Jeff ______ football and knows a lot about it. A. is interested on B. is interested in C. is interesting about D. is interesting with A 2.—There ____ a lot of meat on the plate. Would you like some? —Just a little, please. A. is B. are C. am D. be (2009年北京朝阳区)

Homework
Write about you and your best friend … What do you like about him/her? The same things between you. The differences between you.


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