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初中英语五种简单句

发布时间:2013-10-03 10:23:06  

五种简单句

简单句:只包含一个主语(或并列主语)和一个谓语(或并列谓语)的句子,称作简单句。

简单句的基本句型:简单句有以下5种基本句型。 1. S (主语) + V (谓语) + 其它: 1)He came last Sunday. 2)It often snows in winter. 3)He dances very well.

4)He and his family can’t sleep well. 注意:动词必须是不及物动词。 2.S + V + O (宾语) + 其它:

1)He had lunch in the restaurant yesterday. 2)I bought a new bike with my mom.

注意:动词必须是及物动词,如果是不及物动词,必须用相应的介词:

She looks like her sister. They arrived at school early.

3.S + V + O人 + O物 + 其它: =S + V + O物 + 介词+O 人+ 其它 (主语 + 及物动词 + 双宾语 )

注意:双宾语一个指人(即间接宾语),另一个指物(即直接宾语)。一般间接宾语位于直接宾语的前面,有时它们也可交换位置,这是需要在间接宾语的前面加上介词to 或for 。

常见的双宾语结构:bring sb. sth (bring sth to sb). give sb. sth (give sth to sb.) pass sb sth (pass sth to sb) send sb sth (send sth to sb) show sb sth (show sth. to sb.) tell sb sth (tell sth to sb ) write sb sth (write sth to sb ) sell sb sth.(sell sth to sb.) teach sb sth.(teach sth. to sb.) buy sb sth (buy sth for sb ) get sb sth.(get sthfor sb.) make sb sth.(make sth for sb)

eg.1)Dad bought me a bike yesterday.

2)Tom gave me a nice gift on my last birthday party.

4 .S + V + O + O补(主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语)

注意:当宾语意思表达不完整时,需要补充说明宾语的状态、性质等。用作宾语补足语的通常有名词、形容词、动词不定式等。当谓语动词为see, hear , watch, feel 等感官动词或者let,, make 等使役动词时,如果不定式作宾语补足语,必须省略to。 1) 名词作宾语补足语:

She found him a very clever student.(find sb.+名词) We call her Nancy. (call sb. +名词)

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2) 形容词作宾语补足语:

The music makes me happy.(make +n./pron.+adj.)

We must keep our classroom clean.(keep+n../pron.+adj.) We find the little very clever.(find +n./pron. +adj.) 3)动词不定式作宾语补足语:

1 want sb. to do sth./would like sb. to do sth. 2..tell sb. to do sth. 3. ask sb. to do sth. 4.like sb. to do sth. 5.help sb.( to )do sth. 6.let sb. do sth. 7.make sb. do sth.

8.see( hear watch,feel,find) sb. do sth. 9.teach sb. to do sth.

Eg.The teacher asks us to get to school early. We often hear him sing. 4)-ing动词作宾语补足语:

see( hear watch,feel,find) sb. doing sth. keep sb doing sth

5. S + V(连系动词词)+ 表语(P):

连系动词词后常跟形容词,连系动词词有 be(am,is, are,was, were),look, sound,feel,smell, get(变 得), become, keep

eg. He looks young. I feel tired. 一.单项选择

1.The fish smells .I like it very much. A. terrible B. well C. nicely D. nice 2.Don’t make himA. unhappy B. to cry C. well D.relaxing

3.She very happy after the party last night. A. wanted B. thought C.felt A. hoped 4. Mum told me milk every day. A. to drink B. drink C. drinking D. drank

5.We Yao Ming a very good basketball player. A.hope B. find C. hear D. see five minutes ago.

A. arrived B. got C. reached D.came to here 7.The man ________famous at last.

A. become B.became C. made D. went 8. My mother allowed me _____TV last night.

A. watch B. watching C. to watch D. watched 9.Look ! There _____ some apples in that tree. A is B was C are D were

10. The two girls are only two years old. This girl is ___ than that one.

A. not taller B. as tall C. so tall D. more taller 11. Some apples are ___ than these oranges.

A. not bigger B. big C. small D. much big 12. My mother often asks me ______ early. A. get up B. got up C. getting up D. to get up

13. The man found ______ very difficult to get to sleep. A. them B. that C.him D. it

14.I am sorry to have kept you ____.

A wait B. to wait C. waiting D. waited

15.She found her dog ___over by a car on the road. A. run B. ran C. to run D. running 16.I will make your dream ____. A. comes true B. to come true C. coming true D. come true

17.The sad news kept her ___all the night. A. awake B. woke C. wake d. to wake 18.I think ____bad to get up late . A. that B. it C. this D its

19.Yesterday was my birthday. My mother ____. A. made a cake to me B. made a cake me C. made for me a cake D. made me a cake 20---Do you often get on-line?

---Yes. I ___ most of my time on it .It’s a good way to kill time.

A. cost B. spend C. pay D. take 21. ---Maths isn’t as

---I agree with you. I think Chinese is than any other subject.

A. easy, easier B. easier, easier C. easy, easiest D. hard, the most difficult 22 ---Mum, will you take me to the park tomorrow? ---If it rainy.

A. won’t B. doesn’t C. isn’t D. won’t be 23 ---Did you stop hello to Mrs Smith ? ---No, I didn’t see her when she went past.

A. saying B. said C. say D. to say 24.Miss Liu asked Tom to read the new words and students to listen to him.

A. other B. the others C. others D. the other 25---Must we move to the next room?

---No, you . You may still live here if you like. A. mustn’t B. don’t C. don’t have to D. won’t 二改错;

1. Let them to help you.

2. We sold some books for the students. 3. My father bought I a bike last week. 4. He often watches us to play games.

5. They found a dog to play with a cat yesterday. 6. The teacher tells us don’t to play soccer in the

street.

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7. Please keep the window opened. 8.Mr Wang taught our English last year.

9.It took me two hours finishing my homework last night. 10.Her mother bought a skirt to her . 11.The news made us happily.

12.Th boy stopping crying and smiled.What let him happy. 三.翻译

1.请给他一杯水。

Please _____ _____ a glass of water. 2. 考试后我感到太高兴了。

I ______ after exam. 3.我发现她很聪明。 I find _____ very _____.

4.我经常给我的笔友发邮件。 I often _____ ____ ____ my friends. 5.Tom想我帮他学英语。

Tom wants to _____me to _____English. =Tom wants to _____ me ____ my English. 6.我爸爸总是听见Lily 在屋里唱歌。

My father always _______ Lily ______ in the room. 7今天我感到身体不好。 I’m not ______ ______ today.

8. 昨天工作后他看上去很疲倦。

He ______ ______ after work yesterday. 9. 上周她把全家照给我们看了。

She _____ _____ family photo ____ ____ last week. 10.你昨天在电视上看见刘翔跑步了吗?

Did you ______ Liu Xiang _____ on TV yesterday? 11.我爸爸要求我努力学习。

My father _____ me _____ _____ hard. 12.当时我看到那些孩子在河边玩。

I the children by the river at that time. 13.在回家的路上他把钱给丢了。

He the money home. 14.我发现学英语很有用。

I ______ ______ useful ______ _______English. 15.你最好保持你的房间干净整洁。

You’d better _______ your room _____ _____ ____. 16.请你告诉他不要下河游泳好吗/

Could you please _____him _____ _____ in the river?

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