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动词概说

发布时间:2013-10-03 11:00:42  

动词概说

一、引入环节

Dear boys and girls,

我是词法这一大家族的族长,就像一棵大树的树干一样,每一个句子都不能离开我,否则就像鱼儿离开了水。学会了使用我,你就能在英语的世界里自由的翱翔了。想不想来认识一下我呀?让我们成为好朋友吧!

Mr. Verb

二、知识讲解

动词分类:

实义动词:及物动词、不及物动词

(1)及物动词:

Students clean the classroom every day.

I gave him a book yesterday.

I gave a book to him yesterday.

Don’t make the room messy, children.

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例句:

You must do your homework first.

I want to buy some flowers for my mum as her birthday present.

My friend always makes me happy.

不及物动词:

He is jumping.

Chairman Hu Jintao spoke on National day.

swim, run, walk, stay, go, come

例句:

The sun rises in the east.

2

Sponge Bob runs very fast.

实义动词兼做及物动词和不及物动词

例句:

Shall I begin at once?

Lily began this novel last month.

I must wash my hands before dinner.

Does this cloth wash well?

(2)系动词

be, become, get, turn, seem, keep,feel, sound, taste, smell, look …

表语通常是名词和形容词,有时也可以是介词短语、不定式、从句等。 例句:

Mike is in the classroom now.

The room soon became crowded.

Days get shorter in winter.

Her face turned red.

David seems to be an honest man.

The cake tastes delicious.

3

That sounds a great idea.

The classroom is very clean. The classroom looks very clean.

The silk scarf feels

soft.

We must keep healthy.

小测试:

区分下列句子哪些使用了实义动词(A)哪些使用了系动词(L)?

Chinese seems very difficult to foreigners. ( )

Village life changes a lot.( )

Every country has its own culture. ( )

I can speak two languages. ( )

We should respect elderly people. ( )

It gets warmer and warmer now. ( )

Zambia’s population grows quickly. ( )

(3)助动词

置于实义动词之前,以协助实义动词表达时态、语态、语气或否定、疑问等功能的动词称为助动词。

be, have, do, shall, will …

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1.助动词 be:

am, is, are –– the Present

was, were –– the Past

be + doing –– 进行时态

be + done –– 被动语态

例句:They are having a meeting.

We were planting trees this time yesterday.

The classroom is cleaned by the students every day.

The window was broken by Tom.

小测试:

区分下列句子哪些使用了助动词be(助)哪些使用了系动词be(系)? They are friendly to each other. ( )

Sophie was talking with the teacher when I came into the classroom. ( ) When will the work be finished? ( )

I was with my parents this time yesterday. ( )

2. 助动词 do

协助实义动词表达否定、疑问 (跟动词原形)

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例句:1. I want to watch the movie again.

I don’t want to watch the movie again.

Do you want to watch the movie again?

2. Lily likes singing and dancing.

Lily doesn’t like singing or dancing.

Does Lily like singing and dancing?

3.John made a mistake yesterday.

John didn’t make a mistake yesterday.

Did John make a mistake yesterday?

小测试:(根据要求转化句子)

Lucy has two brothers.

否定: 一般疑问: I went to Britain for vacation last year.

否定:

一般疑问:

3. 助动词 shall/will

协助实义动词表达将来时态 (跟动词原形)

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例句:We shall work harder.

What will you do after school?

Shall we go now?

Would you please close the window?

4. 助动词 have

协助实义动词表达完成时态 (跟动词过去分词)

例句:I have seen the movie twice.

Peter has already worked for two hours.

小测试:

区分下列句子哪些使用了实义动词(实)哪些使用了助动词(助)?

We have a class meeting every Friday. ( )

We have learned English for a year. ( )

It’s good for us to do sports. ( )

Do you like this T-shirt? ( )

(4)情态动词

本身有一定词义,但要与动词原形一起使用,以此给动词增添情态色彩,表示说话人对有关行为或事情的态度和看法,认为其可能、应该或必要等。 must, can(could), may(might), need, will(would), shall(should), have to …

1.情态动词 can/could

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例句:

Can I have a word with you?

He could swim when he was six.

You can first lend her one book this time.

It can’t be Mike. He is in Europe now.

2. 情态动词 must

例句:

It must be your book. Your name is on it.

We must come on time.

A. must与have to:

must:说话人的主观看法

have to:强调客观需要

例句:The play is boring. I must go now.

I had to work hard when I was your age.

B.回答must引出的问句时,如果是否定回答,不能用mustn’t, 而要用needn’t或don’t have to.

例句:--Must we hand in our homework today?

--No, you needn’t. / No, you don’t have to.

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3. 情态动词 need

通常用在疑问句、否定句中

例句:Need he go so soon? Yes, he must. / No, he needn’t.

The students needn’t wear uniforms every day.

还可用作动词和名词

例句:She needs to go to school today.

There is no need to hurry.

4. 情态动词 shall/will

例句:Shall we go now?

Would you please close the window?

三、练习环节

1. (2012, 北京)--Mum, must I wash the dishes right now?

--No, you _______.

A. shouldn’t B. wouldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t

2. (2012, 江苏南京)--Have you decided which senior high school to choose?

--Not yet, I _____ go to Moonlight School.

A. must B. may C. need D. should

3. (2011, 江西)The work is too hard for him. He _____ finish it on time.

A. can’t B. mustn’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t

4. (2012, 四川成都)--Excuse me, whose Japanese book is this?

--It _____ be Tom’s. In our class, only he is studying Japanese.

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A. must B. may C. need D. should

5. (2012, 上海)With the help of the new technology, you _____ e-mail your friends by mobile phone.

A. can B. must C. should D. need

6. (2012, 江西)Last year, I _________ drive. I used to take the bus.

A. could B. couldn’t C. should D. shouldn’t

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