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中学英语同义词

发布时间:2013-10-03 11:00:43  

in into inside 的用法

He spent about 21 hours in space.

China sent a man into space.

Yang Liwei was inside. (I have to get inside.我得进去了。)

in 的用法比较多,在这里只讲这三个有共同的意识:‘在...里’的区别 in 在这个句子里是介词,表示‘在...里’

into 强调由外及内的过程,而in不强调

inside ‘在...里面’,有名词,介词,形容词,副词用法,在上面

句子里是名词,而in 不能表示这种意识

in after within的用法:

We went there in six days. (过去时中in表....时间内)

新填加In the four months that he was active. 在他出现的这四个月里。

We went there after six days. (过去时中after表....时间后)

We often do our homework after school. (固定词组, after class; after supper等)

After finishing his homework, he went to bed. ( after+动名词)

He will come in two days. (将来时中in表....时间后)

He will come within two days. (将来时within表....时间内)

My mother often goes to work after 8 o’clock. (现在时中after+时间点表....时间后)

Three of them died within the last six weeks.

其中三人都是在过去六周死亡的。

one other another的用法区别:

one 一个

one ... the other 两者中的“一个...另一个”

one ... another 不定数目中的“一个... 另一个”

other (三者以上)其余的

another 另一个,后只接单数可数名词,但是,起后可以接带有few或数词的复数名词

another two days

another few days

as like 用法区别:

As a young man, you should study hard. (as指“身份”或“资格”,意为“作为,看作”等用于说明同一关系,即两者实为一体) He works like a worker. (用于说明相似关系,但不相同)

as when while 用法区别:

as“当...时候”是连词,引导时间状语从句时,两个动词不分先后,而指并列发生,尤指两个动作或事件同时发生。

when“当...时候”,即可表示某一点时间,也可以表示某一段时间引导从句时,从句的动作可以与主句的谓语同时发生,也可以在其后发生。

while “当...时候”只能可以表示某一段时间,不能表示某一点时间,谓语动词只能是延续性动词,而且只能与主句中的谓语动词同时发

生。

She came along as she sang.

They were talking when the bell rang.

While they were talking, the bell rang.

as for since because 用法区别:

as 语气最弱,只能说明一般的因果关系,意为“由于”,放在主句前后均可,从句说明原因,主句说明结果。

for是并列连词,意为“由于,因为”,不能放在句首,引导的并列句起补充说明作用,分句前用逗号隔开。

since 比 because 语气弱,意为“既然” 常放在句首,表示从句内容是推断的理由或原因已为人所知。

because语气最强,它侧重说明原因,常放在主句后。在回答why提问的句子时,只能用because.

As it snowed, I had to stay at home.

It rained yesterday, for the ground was wet.

Since you are not feeling well, you may stay at home.

I’m sorry I’m late, because the traffic is too bad.

also too either 的用法区别:

also常用于肯定句中,并紧靠动词

too没有also 正式,常放在句末或句中,句末时,要用逗号隔开;句中时,前后都要用逗号隔开

either常用在否定句中,并放在句尾

He can also swim.

He can swim, I can swim, too.

He can’t swim, I can’t swim either.

die dead death dying的区别

die 意为“死”,是不及物动词,也是非延续性动词,不能与一段时间状语连用,如for …since…等

dead 是形容词,“死的”,表状态,可做定语或表语。be dead英语表示时间状语连用,代替die

death 名词 死,死亡

dying 是die的现在分词,也是形容词,意为“垂死的,要死的” 举例:

Thousands of innocent people will be dead. 成千上万无辜的人将送命 Her father has been dead for two years.

My best friend’s brother he died two days ago fighting a fire.

Her father died last year.

Her father’s death makes her sad.

The poor dog is dying.

lie lay 的辨析

lie :动词,撒谎。动词形式:lie, lied, lied, lying

lie: 动词,平躺,卧,平放,位于。动词形式:lie lay lain lying lay: 动词,搁,放;下蛋。动词形式:lay laid laid laying Don’t believe her because she always lies. 别相信她,她老说谎。

Don’t lie on the bed and read. 别躺在床上看书。

Don’t lay your book on the floor. 不要把你的书放在地上。 The fact that you lied to me. 是你对我说慌呢

He’s been lying to me for weeks! 这几个星期,他一直在对我说谎! thank sb, thank you for, thanks to 的用法区别:

thank sb 谢谢某人,thank my mother, thank him, thank you

thank you for…=thanks for…表示“因…表示感谢”,介词for后接名词或动名词形式。

thanks to 意为“由于,多亏”,其中to为介词,不是不定式符号

1. Don’t thank me. Please thank Lucy. (不要谢我,请谢谢露茜)

2. Thank you for your help. = Thanks for helping me. (谢谢你的帮助)

3. Thanks to the computer, we can do everything better. (多亏了计算机,我们能把事情做得更好)

a kind of, all kinds of, kind of 的区别

a kind of 一种;一类;某种类似…的

all kinds of 各种各样的

kind of 有点

An apple is a kind of fruit. 苹果是一种水果。

There are all kinds of animals in this zoo. 这个动物园有各种各样的动物。

He kind of hoped that you would succeed. 他有点希望你会成功。 还有含kind的特殊句子:需要认真理解下面两个句子

It is kind of you to say so. 你这样说太客气了。

It’s dangerous for you to swim alone. 你独自游泳太危险了。

She’s not the kind of person who would have her husband disappeared? 她不是那种让自己丈夫消失的人吗?

because of , because的区别

Is this because of what happened to Walter?

是因为沃尔特的缘故吗?

Why should I trust you? 我为什么要相信你?

Because you always have. 因为你一直如此

because of “因为”,是介词短语,后接名词、动名词或what等引导的名词性从句

because “因为”,后接原因状语从句,从句表示直接的原因或理由,从句时全局的重心。

on above over 的用法区别:

on指在物体的表面上,与该物体接触

above“在…上”可能垂直在上,也可能不是垂直在上

over表示“(垂直地)在…上方”

on about 的用法区别

on 表示“关于”,指内容较为严肃的火学术性的,

about 表示“关于”不那么正式,有点随便谈论的意味

He has written a lot of books on the history of Japan.

I know nothing about the matter.

on in 表示地点的区别

I was on a rooftop. 我在天台上

You shouldn’t have been on the roof in the first place. 你本来就不应该出现在那个天台上。

I played on the beach. 我在海滩上玩

I work on the farm. 我在农场工作。

He is in the hospital. 他在医院工作。

in time 和on time 的区别

We were just in time for the bus. 及时

The train arrived on time. 准时

in bed, on the bed的区别

He is ill. He is in bed all day. 卧床,睡觉

A nice box is on the bed. 床上躺着休息或某物在床上

in on to 的区别

China is in the east of the world.(in表示在某一地区之内的某方位) Korea is on the east of China. (on表示与某地相邻)

Japan is to the east of China. (to表示在某一地区之外的某方位).

Taiwan is in the south of China.(台湾和大陆虽然以海相隔,但是我国的一个省,要用in)

in the street 和 on the street的用法

表示“在街上”时,英国常用前者,美国常用后者

on by 用法:

on a bike; on与the, one’s, 或a这类限定词连用

by bike; by train不加限定词

in ,on 在…上

on 表示两个物体的接触,但不表深度,如墙上的黑板、地图、图画 in 表示在…上必须具有某种深度,如墙上的门、窗、洞等 on 打在某人的头上、腿上、鼻子上等

in 打在某人的(脸上、腹部等)

on the tree 树上长出的东西

in the tree 用来指外界的人、动物在树上

look see watch 的用法区别:

look表示有意识地看,不及物动词,接介词at,强调看的动作 see 表示眼睛看到的,及物动词,强调看的结果

watch 表示所看实物的变化、移动和发展,及物动词。

Look at the dog.

I saw him cross the road.

We’re watching TV.

good 和 well 的区别:

good是形容词,好的,美好的,表示人的人品好,善良和对他人的和睦。

well一般都做副词用,

He studies well.

但也有形容词用法:表示人的身体状态好,或指满意状态 I’m quite well. 我的身体很好。

All is well with us.我们一切顺利

look like, be like, look the same的用法区别

look like “看起来像”表示外貌很相像

be like “和…一样”指品质、行为、习惯等方面像 look the same “看起来很像”短语后不接任何人或物 The girl is like her father. 那个女孩像他的父亲。

The girl looks like her father. 那个女孩长得像他父亲。 The twins look the same. 这对双胞胎长得很像。

except, besides, but,的用法区别

except “除…之外”不包括后面的人或事,有时与but通用 besides “除…之外”包括后面的人或事

but “除了”常与nobody 或nothing连用,相当于only

1. The students took part in the party except Tom. He was ill in bed.

2. Besides Tom, we went to the Great Wall, too.

3. There is nobody but a girl in the room.

live alive living 均可作形容词,表示“活着的”

live仅用于指物,不用作表语,可放在名词前作定语,

living和alive即可用于指人,也可用于指物,可用作表语, alive不可放在名词前作定语,可放在名词后作定语 living即可放在名词前作定语,也可在名词后作定语

He is the best man alive.

city > town > village > country

city指人口、面积都较大的城市 ;词组中加冠词

town 与country相对应,指人口、面积都较小的城镇;词组中不加冠词

village 村庄

country 农村 My uncle lives in the country.

in the city in town 在城里

go to the city go to town 进城

The town is talking about his death, (the town表示市民 谓语动词可用单数,也可以用复数are)

All the village is (are) going to the meeting. (the village表示村民,也和the town一样谓语动词即可用单数也可用复数)

try to do与try doing 的用法区别

try to do 尽力做难做的事

try doing 试着做某一件可能会出现某一结果的事

Tom tried to improve his learning method but failed.

汤姆努力改进学习方法但没成功

Let’s try knocking at the back door. 咱们试着敲后门。

too much, much too, too many, many too

too much太多,修饰不可数,前者是修饰语,后者是中心词

much too 太,非常;前者是修饰语,去掉后,too表示“太” too many 太多,修饰可数名词复数

many too 没有这种用法

1. There has been too much rain lately. 最近雨水很多。

2. It’s much too cold. 天太冷了

neither …nor; either… or; both… and;的用法

neither 表示“两者中无一”,单数概念

Neither of the answers is right.

neither…nor “既不…也不” 连接两个并列的主语时,谓语动词和邻近的主语一致

Neither his parents nor he was at home.

either “两者中任一”,单数概念,

There are trees on either side.

either…or“或者…或者” 连接两个并列的主语时,谓语动词和邻近的主语一致

Either he or I am right.不是他就是我正确。

both “两者都”,复数概念

There are trees on both sides.

both…and“既…又…”连接两个并列的主语时,谓语动词用复数 Both my son and my daughter are students.

either 与both的区别

作主语时,意识相同。作宾语时,意识不同

You may eat either of them.

两个中你吃哪一个都可以(只能吃一个)

You may eat both of them.

两个你都可以吃(能吃两个)

否定意义重点理解:

You can’t eat either of them. = You can eat neither of them. 两个你一个也不能吃(全部否定)

You can’t eat both of them. = You can only eat one of them. 你不能两个都吃(部分否定)

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