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八年级英语上册_Unit_1_Where_did_you_go_on_vacation知识点

发布时间:2013-10-03 12:33:33  

一、重点短语

go on vacation去度假 stay at home待在家里 go to the

mountains去爬山

go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer

camp去参观夏令营

quite a few相当多 study for为……而学习 go out出去

most of the time大部分时间 taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time

玩得高兴

of course当然 feel like给……的感觉;感受到 go shopping

去购物

in the past在过去 walk around四处走走 because of因

one bowl of… 一碗…… the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶

find out找出;查明 go on 继续 something

important重要的事

up and down上上下下 come up出来 take photos照

二、句型集萃

buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物 taste + adj. 尝起来……

seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来…… keep doing sth.继续做某事

arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地 tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某

人(不要)做某事

try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事 decide to do sth.决定去做

某事

forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事

stop doing sth. 停止做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢

做某事

Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢? so+adj.+that 如此……以

至于……

look+adj. 看起来…… start doing sth.开始做某事

三、词型转换

1. wonder → (adj.) wonderful

2. I → (反身代词) myself

3. you → (反身代词) yourself

4. yourself → (pl.) yourselves

5. seem → (pt.) seemed

Section B

1. activity → (pl.) activities

2. decide → (n.) decision

3. try → (pt.) tried

4. bike → (同义词) bicycle

5. build → (n.) building

6. difference → (adj.) different

7. like → (反义词) dislike

8. below → (反义词) above

9. visit- visitor

四.重点词汇与短语:

1,visited my uncle 看望了我的叔叔

visit是及物动词,意为“拜访;探望”,后接表示人的名词或代词。

visit还可以意为“参观;游览”,后接表示地点的名词。

a.I visited my grandmother last week. 上周我去______了我的外婆。

b.Do you want to visit Shanghai? 你想______上海吗?

拓展:visitor意为“参观者;游客”。

eg: These visitors come from America._______________________

2, buy anything special 买特别的东西。

1)buy及物动词,意为“买;购买”。其过去式为______。

拓展:buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth. 意为“给某人买某物”。

My uncle_____ _____a bike.

= My uncle_____ _____for me.

3.We took quite a few photos there.我们在那里拍了不少照片。

take photos 意为“。

eg:We______ ______on the Great Wall.我们在长城上照了相。

辨析:quite a few与quite a little

quite a few 意为“很多;不少”,修饰

quite a little 意为“很多;不少”,修饰 。

a. He stays here for _____ _____ _____days.

b.There is _____ _____ _____water in the bottle(瓶子).

4, I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax. 我大部分时间只是待在家里读书休息。

most of the time意为“大部分时间”,其中most为代词,意为“大部分;大多数”。 拓展:most of…意为“……中的大多数”,它作主语时,谓语动词取决于most of后所修饰的名词。

a. Most of us_____(be)going to the park. 我们大多数人要去公园。

b. Most of the food_____(go)bad. 大部分的食物都变质了。

5.Everything tasted really good!所有的东西尝起来真的很好吃!

taste在此为系动词,意为“尝起来”,其后接形容词构成系表结构。 a. The food tastes really great.食物尝起来棒极了

6.How did you like it? 你觉得它怎么样?

How do/did you like……? 意为“你觉得……怎么样?”,用来询问对方的观点或看

法,相当于What do you think of……?

eg: How do you like your new job?

= _____ _____ _____ _____ your new job?

7.Did you go shopping? 你们去购物了吗?

go shopping意为“去购物;去买东西”,同义短语为do some shopping. eg: I usually go shopping on Sundays.我通常星期天去购物。

拓展:“go+doing”形式表示“去做某事”,常用于表达从事某一体育活动或休闲活动。

go skating 去滑冰 go hiking 去远足

go sightseeing 去观光 go fishing 去钓鱼

go swimming 去游泳 go boating 去划船

8. Still no one seemed to be bored. (即使这样)仍然没有人看起来无聊。

1)seem意为“好像;似乎;看来”。

eg:Everything seems easy.一切似乎很容易。

拓展:

a. seem+adj. “看起来……”。 You seem happy today.你今天看起来很高兴。 b. seem+to do sth. “似乎,好像做某事”。 I seem to have a cold.我似乎感冒了。

c. It seems/seemed+从句 “看起来好像…;似乎…”。

It seems that no one believes you.看起来好像没有人相信你。

改写句子:

1.She seems honest.

She seems ____ ____ honest.

2.He seems a fool.

He seems _______ _______ a fool.

3.It seems that she doesn't like the coat.

She _____ _____ _____ _____ the coat.

2)辨析:bored与boring

a. bored意为“厌烦的;感到无聊的”,一般在句中修饰人。

b. boring意为“无聊的;令人厌烦的”,一般在句中修饰事或物。

eg:a. I’m ______with what he said.我对他说的话厌烦极了。

b. I find the story very_______.我发现这个故事太无聊了。

类似词语:辨析:exciting与excited

exciting 意为“令人兴奋的,使人激动的”, 一般修饰某物。

excited 意为“感到兴奋的,激动的”, 一般修饰某人。

Eg:a.The story is_________(exciting, excited) .

b.He told me the_______(exciting, excited)news.

c.Sarah was_______(exciting, excited)to see the singer.

9. I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. 今天早上我和家人到达了马来西亚的槟城。

arrive不及物动词,意为“到达”。

arrive in表示到达较大的地方,如国家、省、市等;

arrive at表示到达较小的地方,如机场、商店、广场、村庄等。(注:地点副词home,here,there前介词省略)

辨析:arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点

get to +地点

reach+地点

eg: A.aarived B.arrived in C.reached to D. arrived to

( )2.When he arrived _________ the station,the train had left.

A. at B.to C./ D.in

( )3.Last night they ________ home at _______12:00.

A.got;behind B.got;around C.got to;about D.arrived at, nearly

( )4.Please tell me when the bus_________.

A.arrives B.arrives at C.reaches D.reaches in

( )5.Jim and Kate are __________ at their hometown tomorrow.

A.getting to B.getting C.reaching to D.arriving

( )6.Why do you __________ home so late?

A.get B.get to C.arrive in D. reach to

( )7.---With the help of Internet,news can _________ every corner of the world.

A.arrive B.reach C.go D.get

10. …so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel… 因此我们决定到旅馆附近的海滩上去。

decide to do sth.意为“决定做某事”。

eg: They _____ ______ ______the museum.他们决定去参观博物馆。

拓展:decide后常跟“疑问词+动词不定式”做宾语。

He can’t decide when ______ ______(leave) 他不能决定何时动身。

11. My sister and I tried paragliding.姐姐和我尝试了滑翔伞运动。

try此处用作及物动词,其后常接名词、动名词或不定式,意为“尝试;试图,设法;努力”

She is trying my bicycle.她正在试骑我的自行车。

拓展:try也可用作名词,意为“尝试”,常用短语“have a try”,意为“试一试”。 I want to have a try.我想试一试。

辨析:try doing sth. / try to do sth.

1)try doing sth. 尝试做某事,表示一种尝试、做做看的想法,不一定付出很多努力。

2)try to do sth.尽力、设法去做某事,表示想尽一切办法要把事情办成,强调付出努力设法去完成。

a. I ______ ______ him, but no one answered. 我试着给他打电话了,但没有人接听。

b. I’m ______ ______ ______ English well. 我正尽力把英语学好。

12.I really enjoyed walking around the town. 我真的很喜欢在镇上到处走走。 (P5)

1)enjoy及物动词,意为“喜爱;欣赏;享受……的乐趣”,其后接名词,代词或动名词作宾语。

a. Do you enjoy your job? 你喜欢你的工作吗?

b. I enjoy reading books. 我喜欢读书。(enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事)

拓展: enjoy oneself =have a good time = have fun 玩得开心 (+ doing sth.)

13. We wanted to walk up to the top , but then it started raining a little so we decided to take the train.

1)want to do sth. 意为“想要做某事”。

2)start doing sth. 意为“开始做某事”,同义短语:start to do sth.

Eg: Tom started learning English last year.

14.We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people. 因为人太多,所以我们等了一个多小时的火车。

1)wait for意为“等候”,其后可接人或物。

Tom was waiting for a bus over there.

2)over介词,意为“多于;超过” ,相当于more than。

Eg : My father is over 40 years old.

There are over eight hundred students in our school.

3) too many意为“太多”,其后接可数名词复数。 He always has too many questions to ask me.

辨析:too many + 可数名词复数 意为“太多... ”

too much + 不可数名词 意为“太多... ”

eg:I have homework to do today.

15.And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below.而且因为坏天气,我们也没能看到下面的任何景色)

辨析:because of与because

a. because of意为“因为,由于”,后可接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。 He lost his job because of his age.

b. because意为“因为”,引导状语从句,即接句子。

I didn’t buy the shirt because it was too expensive.

16. …because we forgot to bring an umbrella… 因为我们忘了带雨伞。 辨析:forget to do sth.与forget doing sth.

forget to do sth. 意为“忘记要做某事(事情还没做)”

eg: Don’t forget to close the window.

forget doing sth. 意为“忘记做过某事(事情已经做过了)”

eg: I forget closing the window.

拓展:remember同用法

17. Did you dislike anything? 你不喜欢什么东西吗?(P7)

dislike意为“不喜欢;厌恶”,其后可接名词、代词或动名词形式作宾语。 Eg:a. Mary ______ the hamburgers. 玛丽不喜欢汉堡包。

b. I _____ ______ computer 我不喜欢玩电脑游戏。

18. Why not? 为什么不带呀?

why not意为“为什么不呢”,一般用在疑问句中,表示提建议;why not后面需跟动词原形。

注:“Why not + 动词原形?” 相当于“Why don’t you+ 动词原形?”

a. Why not go to the party with me?

=Why don’t you go to the party with me?

为什么不和我一起去参加聚会呢?

b._____ _____ take a walk? = _____ ______ _____ take a walk? 为什么不去散步呢?

19. My classmates told me to keep going, so I went on. 我的同学告诉我坚持往前走,因此我便继续前进了

1)tell sb. (not)to do sth. 意为“告诉某人(不要)做某事。

The teacher ______ ______ ______ ______ the window just now.

老师刚才告诉我们擦窗户。

2)keep doing sth. 意为“继续做某事,一直做某事”。

She______ ______ TV for two hours last night.

昨晚她持续看了两个小时的电视。

20,My legs were so tired that I wanted to stop. 我的双腿太累了以至于我都想停下来。,

so…that…引导的结果状语从句

so+adj./adv.+that…

Eg:1. He is ____lovely a boy____we love him very much.

A.very, that B.too, to C.as, as D.so, that

2. The little boy is so young that he can’t go to school. _________________________________

21. My father didn’t bring enough money… 我爸爸没带足够的钱……(P5)

1)辨析:bring与take

bring意为“带来;拿来”, 指从别处带到说话者所在地。

take意为“拿走;带走”, 指从说话者所在地带到别处去。

2)enough 意为“足够的,充分的”

1.用来修饰形容词或副词,一般置于被修饰词之后。

2.用来修饰名词时可放在形容词前面或后面。

Eg:a. We have enough time to do our homework.

b. The box is big enough.

练习:

1. 不要着急,你还有足够多的时间。

Don’t worry; you still have_______ _______.

( ) 2. You aren’t ______to drive a car.

A. old enough B. enough old C. young enough

young

( ) 3. I am not________to reach the clock on the wall.

A. enough tall B. tall enough C.short enough

short

D. enough D. enough

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