1、They also have fun。
fun n. 乐趣 ，玩笑
【拓展】 1）have fun 意为“过的快活”相当于enjoy oneself have a good time 例如：You are sure to have fun at the party 。
2）have fun doing sth 意为“开开心心做谋事”
例如： The children are having fun playing this game .
类似的结构还有have trouble /problems experience doing sth
2、…and then end up speaking in Chinese .
end up 结束,后接动词的v-ing形式
end up with 以……结束,以……而告终
例如: The game ended up with a song.
【拓展】 end 作名词
1.端，尖，末端，终点 例如： the end of the year
2.边缘；极点，极限 例如：the end of the road
3.结局，结果。 例如：the end of the story
3、……joining the English club at school was the best way to improve her English .
the best way to do sth 做谋事的最好方法
【拓展】 1)way 方式 , 方法 有两种用法the way to do sth
the way of doing sth
例如: This is the best way to solve the problem. 或 This is the best way of solving the problem.
2)way 道路 the way to sw eg. on one?s way to 其中to 是介词后面跟表示地点的名词做宾语 例如: He got lost and couldn?t find his way home.
4、Do you ever practice conversations with your friends ?
1) ever adv. 曾经
【拓展】 一般用于疑问句,否定句中,表示频率。类似的词还有always ，usually ，often ，sometimes ，hardly ，ever ，never，用在行为动词之前，助动词之后。
2）practice n。& v. 练习,实习,实践,
practice doing sth. 练习干某事
例如:He practices running every morning .
5、I?ve learned a lot that way .
a lot 很多,非常
【拓展】1)在句中做主语 例如:A lot has been done about it .
2) 在句中做宾语 例如: You have done a lot for him .
3) 在句中做状语 ,且可修饰比较级
例如: He feels a lot better today .
4)a lot of 或 lots of 可修饰不可数名词和可数名词复数
例如:There are lots of differences between them.
6、She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all . add v. 增加 ,补充说 , 继续说
【拓展】 1) add sth to sth. 添加 ,增加
例如: If you add five to nine ,you will get fourteen .
2)add up to 总计 例如: These numbers add up to 177 .
● 专项练习 选择填空
1. The boys are going to have fun ____the picture.
A. draw B. to draw C drew D drawing
2.I am sorry I took your umbrella _____ .
A. because mistake B.with mistake c.by mistake d.by mistakes
3.Can?t you see Tom and Jim _____football?
A.playing B. play C.to play D. played
4. My English teacher was very angry ______Tom .
A. at B.about c.with D.on
5.His mother is strict _____.
A.with him B.with he C.in him D.in he
6. When we practice English speaking ,we shouldn?t end up ____in Chinese .
A. speak B. speaking C. to speaking D. with speak
7. Let?s go swimming if it ____hot tomorrow.
A. will be B. would be C. is D. is going to be
8. Taiwan is ____the est of China and _____the west of Fujian province .
A.in;to B.to ;to C. on; to D. in; to
1. How do you study for a test? I study by listening to tapes.你怎样学习,准备应考？通过听录音。
例如： How do you usually go to school ？ I go to school by bus。
He makes a living by working on the farm。
2.What about listening to tapes？ 听录音怎么样？
What about …？相当于How about…？后面可跟名词、代词或动词Ving形式。
常用来提出建议，征求意见或询问情况。相类似句子有Why not +v…？ Let?s +v . Shall we +v ? You?d better +v.
What abou /How about going boating with us ?
3.It?s too hard to understand the voices .语音难以理解。
too +adj /adv +to do 表示”太……而不能……”,句中it是形式主语,真正主语是动词不定式。可与so…that 和enough…to do sth 改写.
例如: It?s too heavy for me to caryy the box.
It isn?t light enough for me to carry the box.
It?s so heavy that I can?t carry the box.
4、…he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly . watching movies 动名词做宾语,frustrating 形容词做宾语补足语
find +宾语+形容词 发现…… 例如: He finds English interesting.
不定式做宾语时,用find it adj.for sb. to do sth
He found it difficult to pass the exam.
1. Let the students make conversations about their own way of learning English, and how long he or she used it ,how he or she learns from it.
2. Let the students ask and answer in pairs according to the learning way of 3a. Talk about their ways of learning English.
1．sometimes ， sometime ， some time ，some times
1）sometimes 表示“有时”，相当于at times用于一般现在时，常用how often 提问。
2）sometime 表示“在某个时候”，常用when 来提问。
3）some time 表示“一些时间”，用于现在完成时，常用how long来提问。
4）some times 表示“许多次”“许多倍”用于现在完成时，常用how many times 来
例如： I will visit my best friends sometime next week.
They have been to Beijing some times .
Sometimes we go to school on foot.
He has stayed in Shanghai for some time.
2. learn study
例如 It isn?t hard to learn to drive.
We must study hard for our country .
3. attend ,join ,join in , take part in 参加
1)attend 到场出席,指出席或参加会议,聚会,讲座等.例如:attend the meeting
2)join 指加入到某一组织,团体或人群中去,并成为其中的一员.例如:join the party,join the army ,join the club
3)join in +ving 或活动,表示参加某项活动
4)take part in 指“参加”某一项活动，并在其中起积极的作用，的宾语是表示集体活动的名词。例如：take part in the contest
4．aloud ，loud ，loudly 都是副词
1）aloud出声地，指提高声音为了是他人能听见，不是心想，不是默读。例如：He cried aloud for help .
2）loud 大声地，主要指说话声和哭声等，常用于比较级。例如：Don?t talk so loudly .
3）loudly 大声地，吵闹地，指声音很大，很喧闹，不悦耳，令人感到讨厌。例如：She cried loudly.
4. memorize ,remember
1)memorize 指learn and remember on purpose ,即有意识地用心去记,则重于主观的动作过程。
例如：He remembered every new word he learned .
He tried to memorized every new word.
1．He _____the league in 1998.
A. joined B. has joined C.was D. took part in
2._____ you should join an English club.
A. Maybe B. May be C. May D. Can
3.We should _____each other and _____each other .
B. learn ,help B.learn ,help from C. learn from , help
D. learn from , help from
4.I have been to the Great Wall _____ .
A.sometime B.sometimes C. some time D. some times
5. Did you _____Mary?s birthday party ?
A. join B. go C. take part in D. join in
6. He said he would come ______this afternoon .
A. some time B. some times C. sometime D. sometimes
7.Your father works in an office ._____your mother ?
A. How B How about C. How is D. What does
8. You had better _____off your coat .It?s cold .
A. not to take B. don?t take C. not take D. take
1、I make mistakes in grammar .
mistake n. 错误
【拓展】1）make mistakes 意为“犯错,出错”
例如He made few mistakes in his English exams，he has done a good job。
2）by mistake 意为 “由于差错”
例如:He took my backpack by mistake.
3) mistake v. 意为“把……错认成……”
例如： We often mistake him for his brother .
2、Now I am enjoying learning English .
enjoy v. 意为 “享受,享有”
【拓展】 1) enjoy sth 例如: He enjoys good health.
enjoy oneself “过得愉快” 相当于 have a good time
2)enjoy doing 意为 “欣赏,喜爱”
例如:He enjoys listening to light music in his spare time .
3、My teacher is very impressed .
impress v. 使感动,给……深刻的印象
【拓展】 impress sth on/upon sb. 使铭记, 使深刻地意识到
例如: His words impressed themselves on my memory .
4、Ｉ ｃｏｕｌｄｎ?t always make complete sentences .
complete adj. “完整的,完全的” 在句中做定语,表语
例如:The novel is not complete . This is a complete story .
【拓展】 complete v. 完成 例如: She has completed her studies .
5、forget a lot of new words.
forget v. ( forgot forgotten ) 忘记,遗忘
【拓展】 1) forget to do sth 忘记去做谋事(未做)
forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过谋事(以做过)
例如：Don?t forget to take the raincoat with you .
He forgot locking the door when left home .
2)leave sth sw 表示把某物忘在某地
例如: This morning I left my English book at home .
6. challenge n.挑战
【拓展】 challenge v. 向……挑战
例如:Their school challenged ours to a football game .
【拓展】 常与trouble ，problems等搭配 。
例如：What is the solution to your trouble？
What is the best solution to the problem ？
8．I don?t have a partner to practice English with .
practice （practise是英国英语）v. 意为“练习”后接名词、动名词做宾语。 例如：My daughter practices playing the piano everyday .
【拓展】 practice 可做名词
例如: Have you had more practice in nursing the sick?
9. To begin with ,she speaks so quickly…
to begin with 意为“首先,第一“ ，常用来列举原因。
例如：We can?t possibly go .To begin with ,it?s too cold ,and besides ,we will talk about it later on .
10．My teacher is very impressed .
impress v. 意为“使感动,给……深刻印象“，
例如：I impressed on him the importance of his work .
He impressed me favourably .
11．He had trouble making complete sentences .
have trouble（in） doing sth. 意为“做……有困难”还可以写成 have difficulty /trouble doing sth
1）difficulty /trouble前可有修饰语some ，much ，little，no
2）difficulty /trouble 为不可数名词
His son had trouble working out the problem.
1.They enjoyed ______( their )at the party .
2. You?d better _____( not take )the notebook with you .
3. He went to school without ______( have ) breakfast.
3. He often practices _____( run )on the playground.
4. We ______( be )to Jinan some times .
5.I often hear Jim ____( sing )in the next room .
6. He _____( take ) part in the sports meeting last week
7. She is much _____(thin) than before.
8. This is the best way _____( solve )the problem.
1.Why don?t you join an English language club to practice spoken English ? Why don?t you +v 相当于Why not +v 用于向别人提出建议。
例如： Why don?t you ask the teacher for help ？
2．First of all ，it wasn?t very easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class .
1） first of all “首先，第一”常放在句首，用于强调事情的重要性。而at first是“起先，开始”的意思。
2）It is + adj.+ for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说干谋事 ……
例如: It isn?t very easy for her to study English well .
在以下结构中it做形式宾语,如, find/feel /think it +adj +for sb. to do sth I found it difficult to sing the song well.● 词语辨析
1．a little a few little few
1） a little 表示肯定的意思，little 表示否定，意为“几乎没有”在句中修饰不可数名词。
2）a few 表示肯定，意为“有几个”， few 表示否定，意为“几乎没有”，在句中修饰可数名词。
3） a little 也可在句中作状语，修饰形容词、副词、介词短语或动词。 例如：There is a little /little water in the bottle .
I have a few friends here.
There are few apples in the basket.
I?m feeling a little hungry now.
2. fast quickly
1) 两者意思相近,但侧重点不同,fast 表示强调速度快,quickly表示强调时间短
2) fast 还可以作形容词,表示“快的” 。
例如：He walked fast to get to school on time .
He finished his task quickly.
He is a fast runner.
either作副词，常用在句末，用逗号与前面的句子隔开，连接两个否定句中。 例如: I don?t like math. She doesn?t like math, either.
例如: His father is a worker ,his mother is a worker ,too.
例如: He also plays the piano .
as well 是副词短语，一般放在句末。
例如: My brother sent me a letter and some money as well.
例如: --- Would you like an apple or a banana?
---Either is OK.
（2）、either 与or 连用，表示在两个可能性中任选其一。
例如: Either Lucy or I will go to Beijing.
He?ll either take the train or the bus.
5. spoken speaking 用法区别
1) spoken 为 speak 的过去分词转化成的形容词,意为“口头的，口语的，口说的”。
2）speaking是 speak 转化的形容词，意为“讲话的，说（某种语言）的”
3）spoken 可直接修饰名词；但 speaking 常与某种表示语言的词一起组成一个形容词。
例如：I am not good at spoken English .
Australia is an English---speaking country.
1.I have finished the work ,too.( 改为否定句 )
2.Mary got few mistakes in the final exam .(改为反意疑问句)
3.Tom isn?t a Canadian . Dave isn?t a Canadian, either.
1. It?s too hot. Would you mind _____( open )the door ?
2.Tom ,______( not be ) afraid of _____(speak)in public .
3.France is a _____( develop ) country .
4.We couldn?t stop ______( laugh )because Tom made faces in class .
5.I had some trouble _____( make ) complete sentences .
6.We should teach young people how _____(build )their lives on hard work ,not dreams .