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人教版八年级上册英语知识点归纳

发布时间:2013-10-04 10:19:45  

八年级英语上册知识点总结 Unit 1: How often do you exercise?

【应掌握的词组】

1. go to the movies 去看电影

2. look after = take care of 照顾

3. surf the internet 上网

4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式

5. go skate boarding 去滑板

6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康

7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports锻炼

8. eating habits 饮食习惯

9. take more exercise 做更多的运动

10. the same as 与什么相同

11. be different from 不同

12. once a month一月一次

13. twice a week一周两次

14. make a difference to 对什么有影响

15. how often 多久一次

16. although = though虽然

17. most of the students=most students

18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物 - 1 -

19. as for至于

20. activity survey活动调查

21. do homework做家庭作业

22. do housework做家务事

23. eat less meat吃更少的肉

24. junk food垃圾食物

25. be good for 对什么有益

26. be bad for对什么有害

27. want to do sth 想做某事

28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事

29. try to do sth 尽量做某事

30. come home from school放学回家

31. of course = certainly = sure当然

32. get good grades取得好成绩

33. some advice

34. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不

35. keep/be in good health保持健康

36.be stressed out紧张的,有压力的

37. take a vacation 去度假

48.get back 回来

【词语辨析】

一、maybe / may be

- 2 -

1. The baby is crying she is hungry.

2. The woman a teacher .

maybe 是副词,意为“大概,可能,或许”,一般用于句首。May be是情态动词,意为“可能是..,也许是..,大概是..”.

二、a few / few / a little / little

三、none / no one

none指人或物,强调数量,用how many提问,常与of连用。no one 多指人,强调“无人”这种状态,用who提问,不可与of连用,作主语时,其谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。

四、hard / hardly

hard作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的”;作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地”。Hardly意为“几乎不”。 Unit 2 What’s the matter?

【应掌握的词组】

1. Have a cold 感冒

2. sore back 背痛

3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进

4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛

= I have got a stomachache = There is something wrong with my stomach

- 3 -

= My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach

5. What’s the matter? 怎么了?

= What’s the trouble (with you)? = What’s your trouble?= What’s wrong (with you)? = What’ the matter (with you)? =What has happened to you?

= Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what’s up?

6. sore throat 咽喉痛

7. lie down and rest 躺下休息

8. see a dentist 看牙医

9. drink lots of water 多喝水

10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

11.That’s a good idea 好主意

12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了

13.I think so 我认为如此

14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服

= I’m not feeling fine/all right. = I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad.

= I don’t feel well.

15. get some rest 多休息

16. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道

17. stressed out 筋疲力尽

18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了

19. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式

20. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医

- 4 -

21. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和

22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛

23. to eat a balance diet饮食平衡

24. healthy food 健康食品

25. stay healthy 保持健康=keep healthy=keep in good health = keep fit

26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself 反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快

=have a good time = have a wonderful time = have fun

27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物,

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like doing sth practice doing sth.练习做某事, mind doing sth. 介意做某事, finish doing sth.完成某事,

give up doing sth.放弃做某事, can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事, keep doing sth. 坚持做某事. (keep on doing sth. / keep sb. doing sth. )

be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事 be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事 make a contribution to doing sth.为..做贡献

go on doing sth. 继续做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做过某事

remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 spend....(in) doing sth. 花(时间)来做某事 prefer doing sth.to doing sth.比起(做...)来更愿意(做...)

28. at the moment = now 此刻

29. Host family 东道家庭

30. Conversation practice会话练习

31. I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过

- 5 -

Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?

【应掌握的词组】

1. babysit one’s sister 照顾妹妹

2. visit one’s grandmother 看望奶奶

3. spend time with friends 和朋友们一起度过时光

4. visit cousins 看望表弟等

5. go to sports camp 去运动野营

6. o to the beach 去海滩

7. go camping 去野营

8. Go shopping 去买东西

9. go swimming 去游泳

10. go boating去划船

11. go skating 去溜冰

12. go walking去散步

13. go climbing 去登山

14. go dancing去跳舞

15. go hiking 去徒步远足

16. go sightseeing 去观光

go bike riding 骑自行车旅行,go fishing 去钓鱼

17. go house-hunting 去找房子

18. o on a hike 徒步旅行,

19. do some shopping 买东西 - 6 -

20. do some washing 洗衣服

21. do some cooking 作饭

22. do some reading 读书

23. do some speaking训练口语

24. do some sewing 做缝纫活

25. that sounds nice 那好极了

26. at home 在家

27. how about=what about ……怎么样?

28. how long 多长时间

29. how far 多远

30. how often 多长时间一次

31. how much, how many 多少

32. have a good time

=have fun= have a wonderful time= enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快

33. show sb. Sth.=show sth. to sb.出示某物给某人看

give me the book=give the book to me 给我书,

pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我,

sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我

buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书,

make me a cake = make a cake for me给我做蛋糕

34. get back=come back回来

35. rent videos租借影碟

- 7 -

36. take walks=go for a walk散步

37. think about 考虑

38. decide on= decide upon决定一个计划

39. something different 不同的事情

40.a great vacation 一个愉快的假期

41. I can’t wait 我等不及了

42. the famous movie star 著名的影星

43. an exciting vacation 激动人心的假期

44. Ask her about her plans 向她询问她的计划

ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事

45. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 Unit 4 How do you get to school?

【应掌握的词组】

1. get to school 到校

2. get home 到家

3. how about=what about …….怎么样?

4. take the subway 乘地铁

5. ride a bike 骑自行车

6. take the bus乘公共汽车

7. take the train乘火车

8. take a taxi乘坐出租车

- 8 -

9. go in a parent’s car 坐父母的车

10. by bike, bike bus, by subway, by taxi, by car, by train (乘坐……车,放在句尾)

11. have a quick breakfast 迅速吃早饭

12. the early bus 早班车

13. how far多远

14. take sb. to sp.带某人到某处

15. doing sth. takes sb. Some time/ money

=It takes sb. some time/money to do sth.=sb. spends some time/money (on sth.) =sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth.=sth. costs sb. some time/money

=sb. pay some money for sth.花费某人多少时间/金钱做某事/某人花费多少金钱/时间做某事

16. bus stop公共汽车站,train station火车站,

subway station地铁站,bus station客运站

17. want to do sth.想做某事

18. walk to school 步行上学

19. in North America 在北美

20. in other parts of the world 在世界的其他地区

21. depend on=depend upon 依靠,靠……决定

22. not all 不是所有的

23. need to do sth.需要做某事

24. number of students学生数

25. a number of=many 许多

number前可用large, great, small修饰其谓语是复数

- 9 -

26. the number of….的数量,谓语是单数

27. don’t worry(about sth./sb.)别着急(为某人/事担心

28. around the world= all over the world世界各地,全世界 Unit 5 Can you come to my party?

【应掌握的词组】

1. come to one’s party 参加某人的聚会

2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午

3. I’d love to 我非常乐意

4. I’m sorry 对不起

5. study for a test为测验而学习

6. go to the doctor 去看医生

7. visit one’s aunt 看望某人的姑姑

8. have a piano lesson 上一堂钢琴课

10. too much homework 太多家庭作业

11. much too interesting 有趣得多

12. maybe another time 也许下一次吧

13.Thanks for asking(inviting)谢谢邀请

14. go to the baseball game 参加棒球比赛

15. Birthday Party 生日聚会

16. go to the mall 去购物中心

17. soccer practice 足球练习

18. look for 寻找19. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明 - 10 -

20. study for the math test 为数学考试而学习

21. play tennis with me 和我一起打网球

22. I have a really busy week 我一周很忙

23. football match足球比赛

24. my cousin’s birthday party 我表弟的生日聚会

25. write soon 尽快回信

26. study for my science test 为科学考试而学习

27. 给某人打电话的几种说法:

call sb. up, call sb. phone sb. telephone sb.

telephone to sb. phone sb. Up ring sb.

give sb. a ring, give sb. a phone make a telephone call to sb.

28. on Thursday night 星期四晚上

29. be (go) on vacation 度假

30. next week下周

31. join sb.加入某人一起

32. Please keep quiet! 请保持安静,

keep+形容词表示“保持某种状态”,

keep+(sb.)+doing 表示“(使某人)不停地做某事”,keep sth. 保存某物

33. culture club 文化俱乐部

34. try to do sth. 努力(企图)做某事,

try doing sth.试着做某事,try one’ best to do sth. 尽力做某事

- 11 -

Unit 6 I’m more outgoing than my sister.

【语言结构】

● 比较级-er, -ier, more的使用 ● both的用法

【应掌握的词组】

1. long hair 长头发

2. How are you? 你身体好吗?

3. How old 多大年纪

4. how tall 多高

5. how long ago多久前(的事)

6.more outgoing 比较外向

7. want/plan to do sth. 意欲,企图

8. here are photos of me 这是我的照片

9. as you can see 正如你所看到的

10. in some ways在某些地方

11. we look the same我们看起来一样, They look different他们看起来不同

12. the same to ……多……是一样的

13. quite the same 完全一样

14. all the same 还是, 同样应……

15. look like 看起来像….一样,而look the same看起来很像

16. go to lots of parties经常参加聚会=often go to the party

17. a little taller 高一点

18. take sth. from sth. 从某处拿/取出某物

- 12 -

19. put sth. in sth. 将某物放入某物中

20. make a list of 列出清单

21. has cool clothes 有漂亮的衣服

22. is popular in school 在学校受欢迎

23. is good at sports 擅长体育

24. make me laugh 使我发笑

25. that’s not very important for me 那对我来说并不重要

( be important for sb.)

26. put up举起,抬起,挂起,张贴,建造;put on穿上,戴上,上演(戏剧); put down=write down=copy down 写下来; put out 伸出,扑灭; put away 收起来,收好;put off推迟;

put one’s heart into…全神贯注于……,全身心投入……

27. opposite views 相反的观点

28. a weekendteacher 周末教师

29. Abacus Study Center 珠算研究中心

30. elementary school students 小学生

31. be good with children 善于与孩子相处

32. have good grades 成绩出色

33. enjoy telling jokes 喜欢讲笑话

34. can’t stop talking 不能停止讲话

35. help others 帮助别人,help each other互相帮助

36. in one’s free time在业余时间

- 13 -

37. one of +复数名词(代词)……其中之一

38. use sth. to do sth.=do sth.. with sth. 使用…做…

39. be/feel sorry for sb. 为某事感到同情或难受;

be / feel sorry for sth. 因某事感到抱歉或后悔;

be sorry +to see/hear 听到或看到某种情况很不安或难过;say sorry to sb.向某人道歉

40. begin with 从……开始

41. next to 在……旁边,紧靠……

42. be famous for 因… 而著名,因……而广为人知; be famous as 作为……而知名

43. all together 总计,总共

44. make sb. do sth. 让/使某人做某事,

相似的用法有几个感官动词see, let, hear, watch, feel等

【词语辨析】

一、how long / how far

how long多长,用来询问时间, 指时间上的长短。How far多远,用来询问距离,指路上的远近。

二、have / must

两者都有“必须”的意思, 它们的基本区别是:have to 表示客观上的义务;而must则表示主观上的意愿或需要。

三、too much / much too

too much 是用too来修饰much,加深much的程度,意思是“太多”,作定语时,后接不可数名词。much too是用much来增强too的语气,意思是“太...”,后面常接形容词。

Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk shake?

【语言结构】

● 祈使句 / 可数名词和不可数名词

- 14 -

● How much / How many引导的特殊疑问句

【应掌握的词组】

1. make a banana smoothie 制作香蕉混合饮料(思木西)

2. peel the bananas 剥香蕉

3. cut up the bananas切碎香蕉

4. pour the milk in the blender 将牛奶倒入搅拌器

5. turn on the blender 打开搅拌器电源

6. put the yogurt in the blender将酸奶放入搅拌器

7. turn off 关上,(turn on 打开)

turn up旋大(灯火等),开大(煤气等)调高(声音等), turn down 把(灯火、电器等)关小一点

8. how much cinnamon多少肉桂

9. one teaspoon of cinnamon 一茶匙肉桂

10. make fruit salad 制作水果沙拉

11. two pieces of bread 两片面包

12. mix it all up 将它们混合在一起

14. turkey slices 火鸡肉片, a slice of bread一片面包

13. takes turns doing sth,

take turns to do sth.=do sth. in turns 轮流做某事

15. slices of duck 烤鸭片

16. roll pancake 卷上薄饼

17. make faces 作鬼脸

- 15 -

make friends with 与……交朋友

make a noise吵闹, make mistakes犯错误,

make the bed整理床铺

make one’s way to往…走去,

make room for给…腾出地方

18. it’s easy to do sth. 做某事容易

it’s hard (difficult) to do sth.做某事难,

It’s necessary to do sth.做某事必要

19. put sth, in order 将某些东西按顺序排列

20. a recipe for ……的烹调方法, ……的菜

Unit 8 How was your school trip?

【应掌握的词组】

1. talk about 谈论,talk over谈论

2. give a talk 作报告

3. have a talk to (with) sb.与某人谈话

4. go to the beach去海滩

5. have ice cream吃冰淇淋

6. go to the zoo去动物园

7. go to the aquarium去水族馆

8. hang out with one’s friends和朋友闲逛

9. take photos=take a photo=take pictures=take a picture照相 - 16 -

10. buy a souvenir买纪念品

11. have pizza吃比萨饼

12. a famous actor著名的演员

13. get one’s autograph得到了某人的亲笔签名

14. win a prize赢得奖品(奖项)

15. at the aquarium 在水族馆

16. have a great time玩得高兴,过得愉快

17. on the school trip在学校的旅游

18. Blue Water Aquarium蓝色水族馆

19. the Visitors’ Center游客中心

20.a dolphin show海豚表演

21. after that 后来

22. at the end of…在……结束的时候,在……的尽头

23. the Gift Shop礼品店

24. at the beginning of…在..开始的时候

25. a terrible school trip糟糕的学校旅行

26. that sounds interesting那听起来很有趣

27. make up a story编一个故事

28. go for a drive 开车兜风

30. in the rain在雨中

in the dark在黑暗中\

in the sun在阳光下

- 17 -

in the snow在雪中

31. take notes of=write down=copy down 写下,记下

32. have fun doing sth.很快乐的做某事

33. play computer games打电脑游戏

34. for sale 供销售

35. see you soon盼望很快见到你

36. in one’s opinion据某人看来,某人的观点上看

37. win the first prize获得了一等奖

38.a famous basketball player著名的篮球运动员

39. in the future在将来,今后

40. can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事

41. the story goes that…据说……

42. a busy day off 繁忙的假日,

in one’s off hours在某人的休息时间

the off season淡季

43. none of… ……当中没有一个

44. a heavy rain 一阵大雨

a light rain一阵小雨

a fine rain 一阵细雨

44. all day = all day long 整天

all night = all night long整夜

Unit 9 When was he born?

- 18 -

【语言结构】

● 被动语态 / when 引导的状语从句

● when / how long引导的特殊疑问句

【应掌握的词组】

1. ping-pong player乒乓球运动员

2. a great Chinese ping-pong player中国杰出的乒乓球运动员

3. start hiccupping 开始打嗝

4. too… to…太……,而不……

5. write music谱写曲子

6. a movie star电影明星

7. learn to ride a bicycle学会骑自行车

8. start learning开始学英语

9. begin playing sports 开始进行体育运动

10. a loving grandfather慈爱的祖父

11. spend all one’s free time with sb.与某人一起度过了所有的业余时间

12. a famous violinist 著名的小提琴手

13. ice skating滑冰

14. a kind and loving grandmother和蔼而慈爱的祖母

15. a skating champion 滑冰冠军

16. the famous Chinese pianist中国著名的钢琴演奏家

17. a small boy(girl)孩提时期

18. at the age of…在……年龄时

19. take part in参加、加入

20. begin to learn the accordion开始学习手风琴

21. major in 主修,专修

22. start for a place=leave for a place动身去…

- 19 -

23. because of 因为、由于

Unit 10 I’m going to be a basketball player

【语言结构】

● be going to 表示将来 want to be what, where, when, how 引导的特殊疑问句

【应掌握的词组】

1. grow up 长大,成长

2. computer science计算机科学

3. be going to do 表示主观打算、准备或有信心做某事

4. computer programmer 电脑程序设计人

5. baseball player 棒球运动员

6. take acting lessons上演技课

7. professional basketball player职业篮球运动员

8. practice basketball练习篮球

9. move somewhere=move to somewhere搬到(不具体的)某一地方

10. sound like 听起来像……

11. part-time 兼职的,full-time 全职的,全日制的

12. a year or two 一两年=one or two years;

an hour or two=one or two hours一两个小时

a day or two=one or two days一两天

13. my dream job我梦想的工作

14. what I want to do 我想做的事情

15. somewhere interesting有趣的地方

16. a reporter for fashion magazine 时装杂志记者

17. save some money 积蓄一些钱,攒钱

18. at the same time与此同时

19. hold art exhibition举办美术展览

- 20 -

20. all over the world全世界,世界各地

21. somewhere quiet and beautiful 安静而美丽的地方

22. send sth. to sb. 将某物发送给某人

23. I’m not sure yet我还没有定下来

24. the Olympic Games=the Olympics奥运会

25. New Year’s resolutions新年的决心

26. play an instrument 弹一种乐器

27. get a part-time job找到一份兼职工作

28. make the soccer team组建足球队

29. get good grades获得好成绩

30. eat healthier food吃健康的食物

31. get lots of exercise多进行体育锻炼

32. take guitar lessons上吉他课

33. I really love music我酷爱音乐

34. sounds interesting听起来很有意思

35. communicate with sb.与某人交流

36. a foreign language teacher 一份当外语教师的工作

37. keep fit 保持身体健康

38. work harder in school 在学校里更努力学习

39. make one’s resolution 表决心

40. after high school=leave school中学毕业后

41. international magazines 国际杂志社

42. the exchange students留学生

43. have a welcome party 召开一个欢迎会

Unit 11 Could you please clean your room?

- 21 -

【语言结构】

● 用Could委婉地表示请求

● 用could委婉地请求许可

● make与do的区别

【应掌握的词组】

1. could you please…你能……吗?/请你干…….好吗?

2. do the dishes 洗餐具

3. sweep the floor清扫地板

4. take out the trash倒垃圾

5. make one’s bed铺床

6. fold one’s clothes叠衣服

7. clean the living room 清扫客厅

8. stay out late晚归

9. his father’s reason他父亲的理由

10. get a ride搭车

11. use one’s computer 使用某人的电脑

12. hate sth./to do sth.讨厌某事/做某事

13. do the laundry=do some washing=wash clothes洗衣服

14. make breakfast, make dinner, do some cooking 做饭

15. wash the car刷车16. work on 从事,忙于

17. work at学习、致力于、在……上下工夫

18. borrow some money借一些钱

19. invite sb. to do sth邀请某人做某事

20. go to the store去商店

21.agree sb. to do sth.同意某人做某事

22. agree with sb. =agree with what one says同意某人的意见 - 22 -

23.(需了解) make a deal作成交易

make a face做鬼脸;

make a fool of捉弄,使出洋相

make friends with与……交朋友

make a name for himself成名

make a note of注意,记下来

make free with擅自使用

make fun of取笑

make…into把……作成,使变成

make it成功,到达某处

make one’s living维持生活

make one’s way to前往某处

make room腾出地方

make up编造

make use of利用

24. borrow sth. from sb.向某人借某物(借入)

25. lend sb. sth.=lend sth. to sb.借给某人某物(借出)

26.ask for要求得到、要求见到

27. take care of = look after照顾、照看、照料 take good care of=look after…well

28. need some help需要一些帮助

29. come over过来

30. get angry生气

31. have a test考试

32. make a clean sweep of 彻底扫除

Unit 12 what’s the best radio station?

- 23 -

【语言结构】

● 用-(i)est, the most表示最高级

● 不规则的形容词和比较级和最高级形式good, better, the best, bad, worse the worst

【应掌握的词组】

1. the best radio station最好的无线电台

2. comfortable seats舒适的椅子

3. big screens大屏幕

4. friendly service友好的服务

5. new movies新电影

6. close to home离家近

7. in a fun part of town 在城镇闹区

8. Town Cinema城镇电影院

9. Screen City大屏幕影视城

10. Movie Palace电影艺术宫

11. Jeans Corner牛仔广角

12.Trendy Teens时髦少年服装店

13. Easy Listening轻松听力

14. have good quality clothes服装质量好

15. in town在城里, in the city在城市里

in the country在乡下

16. the beat clothing store最好的服装店

17. do a survey of 对…进行调查

18. all the movie theaters所有的电影院

19. the most interesting music最有趣的音乐

- 24 -

20.be(get, become, feel) interested in 对…感兴趣

21.positive words肯定的词语

22. negative words否定的词语

23. the most creative最有创造力的

24. the most boring最烦人的

25. the math teacher数学老师

26. a great success巨大的成功

27. win the prize for赢得……的奖项

28. without music没有音乐伴奏下

29. the funniest actor最滑稽的演员

30. the worst movie最差的电影

31. action movies动作片

32. beautiful beaches美丽的海滩

33. in the north of China在中国的北部

34. an Ice and Snow Festival冰雪节

35. Central Park 中心公园

36. leader of a band乐队指挥

37. Forbidden City紫禁城

38. elementary school 小学

- 25 -

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