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发布时间:2013-10-04 10:19:46  

新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇 八年级(下)

Unit 1 Will people have robots?

1. fewer people 更少的人(fewer修饰名词复数,表示否定)

2. less free time 更少的空闲时间(less修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 3. in ten years 10年后(in的时间短语用于将来时,提问用How soon)

4. fall in love with? 爱上?

例:When I met Mr. Xu for the first time, I fell in love with him at once 当我第一次见到许老师,我立刻爱上他

5. live alone 单独居住

6. feel lonely 感到孤独(比较:live alone/go along等)

The girl walked alonealong the street, but she didn’t feel lonely那女孩独自沿着街道走,但她并不感到孤独

7. keep/feed a pet pig 养一头宠物猪

8. fly to the moon 飞上月球

9. hundreds of +复数 数百/几百(概数,类似还有thousands of;)

10.the same as 和??相同

11. A be different from B A与B不同(=There is a difference/Thgere are differences between A and B)

12. wake up 醒来(wake sb. up表示 “唤醒某人”

13. get bored 变得厌倦(get/become是连系动词,后跟形容词


14.go skating 去滑冰(类似还有go hiking/fishing /skating/bike riding等)

15.lots of/a lot of 许多(修饰可数名词、不可数名词都可以)

16.at the weekends 在周末

17.study on computers 通过电脑学习

18.agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见)

19.I don’t agree. = I disagree. 我不同意

20. on a piece of paper 在一张纸上(注意


21. on vacation 度假

22. help sb with sth/help sb do sth 帮助某人做某事

23. many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼

24. live in an apartmen 住在公寓里/live on the twelfth floor住在12楼

25. live at NO.332,Shanghai Street 住在上海路332号

26. as a reporter 作为一名记者

27. look smart 显得精神/看起来聪明

28. Are you kidding? 你在骗我吗

29. in the future 在将来/在未来

30. no more=not ?anymore 不再(强调多次发生的动作不再发生)

31. no longer=not? any longer 不再(强调状态不再发生)

32. besides(除?之外还,包括)与except =but(除?之外,不包括)

33. be able to与can 能、会

l (be able to用于各种时态,而can只能用于一般现在时态和一般过去时态中;have to用于各种时态,而must只能用于一般现在时态)例如:

l 1.I have been able to/will be able to speak two languages. (不可以用can)

2. will have to/ had to stay at home. (不可以用must)


1. What do you think life will be like in 1000 years?

2. There will be fewer trees、more buildings and less pollution in the future.

lfewer; less表示否定之意,分别修饰可数名词和不可数名词;more二者都可以修饰。

3. Will kids go to school? No, they won’t/Yes, they will




1.含tomorrow; next短语;2.in+段时间 ;3.how soon;4.by+将来时间 5.by the time sb.do? 6.祈使句句型中:or/and sb. will do

7.在时间/条件状语从句中, 如果从句用一般现在时, 主句用将来时

8.another day

比较be going to 与will:

be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情,will 表示的将来时间则较远一些。

如: He is going to write a letter tonight.

He will write a book one day.

2. be going to 表示根据主观判断将来肯定发生的事情,will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情。

He is seriously ill. He is going to die. He will be twenty years old.

3. be going to 含有“计划,准备”的意思,而 will 则没有这个意思,如: She is going to lend us her book.

He will be here in half an hour.

4.在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用will, 如: If any beasts comes at you, I'll stay with you and help you. 掌握了它们的这些不同,你就能很好的区分be going to与will了。 JJJJ一般将来时常见的标志词JJJJ

1.含tomorrow; next短语;

2.in+段时间 ;

3.how soon;


5.祈使句句型中:or/and sb. will do

例Be quick, or you will be late=If you don’t be quick,you will be late

6.在时间/条件状语从句中, 如果从句用一般现在时, 主句用将来时(另见Unit 5)

Unit 2 What should I do?

1. too loud 太大声

2. out of style 过时的

3. in style 流行的

4. call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb. 给?..打话

5. enough money 足够的钱(enough修饰名词时不必后置)

6. busy enough 够忙 (enough修饰形容词或副词时必须后置)

7. a ticket to/for a ball game 一张球赛的门票

注意:the key to the lock/the key(answer)r to the question)/the solution to the problem .此处几个短语不能用of表示所有格

8. talk about 谈论

9. on the phone 用电话

10.pay for 付款

11.spend?on +sth.=spend...( in) doing sth. 在?花钱

12. It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花?的时间

13. borrow ?from 从?.借( 借进来)

14. lend?to 把?借给(借出去)

15. You can keep the book for a week 你可以借这本书一周。(不用borrow或lend)

16.buy sth for sb 为??买东西

17.tell sb to do /not to do sth.sth 告诉某人做某事

18. want sb. to do sth.=would like sb. to do 想某人做某事

19. find out 发现;查清楚;弄明白

20. play one’s stereo 放录象

21. fail the test=not pass the test 考试不及格

22. fail in (doing) sth? 在...上失败,变弱

23. succeed in (doing) sth 在...方面成功

24. write sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信

25. surprise sb. 使某人吃惊(类似有:surprise/interest/please/amaze+某人)

26.to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是?..

27.to one’s joy 使某人高兴的是?..

28 look for a part-time job 找一份兼职的工作(不一定有结果)

29. get/find a part-time job 找到一份兼职的工作(有结果)

30. ask sb. for? 寻求/向某人要某物

31. have a bake sale 卖烧烤

32.argue with sb = have an argument with sb. 与某人争吵

33.have a fight with sb.=fight with 与某人打架

34.drop off 离去;散去;逐渐减少;死去

35.prepare for?=get ready for? 为?做准备

36.after-school clubs 课外俱乐部

l be/get used to doing 习惯做某事

l used to do 过去经常/常常做某事

l be used for doing=be used to do sth. 被用于做某事

37.fill? up 填补;装满?

38.return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 把某物归还给某人

39.get on /along well with 与?相处很好

40.all kinds of 各种各样

41.as much as possible=as much as possible 尽可能多

42.take part in=join in 参加(某种活动/集会)

43.a bit =a little 一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时)

44.a bit of =a little 一点儿/一些(当修饰不可数名词时)

45.be angry with? 生?的气

46.by oneself+on one’s own 某人自己/独自地

47.on the one hand 一方面

48.on the other hand 另一方面

49.I find/feel/think it difficult to do...我发现/感到/认为做某事很难.

50.see/hear/watch sb. doing sth. 看到/听见/注视某人正在做?

51.not?until 直到?才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词)


be/become+ upset/tired/excited/interested/worried/surprised/amazed/annoyed


例如:I was surprised/interested/amazed when I heard the surprising/interesting/amazing news.

本单元目标句型: What’s wrong(with you)?/What’s the matter?

1. What should I do? 我该怎么办

2.You could write him a letter. 你可以给他写封信.

3. You should say sorry to him. 你应该给他道歉.

4. They shouldn’t argue. 他们不应该争吵.J

5. Why don’t you talk to him about it?

=Why not talk to him about it?=You should/could talk to him about it. =What/How about talking to him about it.=You’d better talk to him about it.

Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

1. in front of 在??的前面(外部)

2. in the front of 在??的前面(内部)

3. in the library 在图书馆

4. get out of/get into 出??之外/进入

5. sleep late 睡懒觉

6. sleep well 睡得好

7. get to sleep 睡着

8. walk down/along 沿??走

9. take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣帽)

10. on Sunday evening 在星期日晚上


11. in the tree 在树上

12. take photos 照相

13. at the train station 在火车站

14. run away 跑开,逃跑

15. as+adj原形 as 和?一样?

例如: She is (not) as beautiful as her sister. I can run as fast as he(him)

16. buy/draw/make sth. for sb. 为某人买/画/制作

17. walk home 走回家

18. in history 在历史上

19. for example 例如

20. in the city of 在??市

21. on the playground 在操场上

22. ten minutes ago 十分钟前

23. take place 发生(强调必然性)

24. happen to sth./sb. 发生(强调偶然性) 例如:What has happened to you?=What’s the matter with you?=What’s wrong with you?

25. of course=sure=certainly 当然

26. all over the world=around the world 遍及全世界

27. outside/inside the station 在车站外/内

28. next to 相邻,紧贴

29. close to 接近于;在附近

30. be ill in hospital/bed 生病住院/在床

31. hear about/of 听说(间接听到)

32. in silence 沉默不语


What were you doing when I arrived/at that time/at 8:00 last night/from 9:00 to 10:00 yesterday?

1. I was doing sth. When+一般过去时的时间状语从句...

2. How about... / What about...?

3. While sth./sb. was doing sth., I was doing sth....

4. 当不明飞行物着陆时,你正在干啥?What were you doing when the UFO landed?

5. 当妈妈正在做饭时,我在看电视。While my mother was cooking ,I was watching TV.


过去进行时(Past Progressive Tense)

句型 S + was/were +V-ing?

例A:She was doing her homework at 8:30 yesterday evening.


例B:We were having supper at that time.


解说 如例1所示,在单句中使用过去进行时来表达时必须把该动作正在进行中的时间表明清楚,否则就不合逻辑了。例如:I was taking a bath yesterday. (错)



I took a bath yesterday.(昨天我洗了澡。)


A:I called you up yesterday evening.

B:Did you? At what time?

A:At around ten o'clock. (大约在十点钟。)

B:Oh, I was taking a bath then.(哦,当时我正在洗澡。)



When I got up this morning, Mother was preparing breakfast in the kitchen. (今天早上我起床时妈妈正在厨房里准备早餐。—“Mother?。”是主句,“when?,”是副词从句。)

常用于修饰过去进行时的时间副词:过去的某一定点时刻(at + 过去的时刻),then (= at that time)(那时,当时),all + 时间,“When?/While?/As?”等副词从句,etc.

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working

1. every Saturday 每周六

2. first of all

3. both??and?? 两者都(谓语动词要注意对称原则)

4. neither?.nor 两者都不(谓语动词要注意就近和对称原则)

5. most of? 绝大多数

6. an exciting week 令人兴奋的一周

7. agree on something 同意某人的计划;对?.取得 一致意见

8. agree to do sth. 答应/同意做?

9. pass on 传递

10. be supposed to do sth. 被期望或被要求做... ...

11. be mad at ?? 对??疯狂/生气

12. do better in=be better at 在......方面做得更好

13. be in good health 身体健康

14. report card 成绩单

15. sound /feel /smell /taste /look 是连系动词,一般只能跟adj.做表语

16. sound like/feel like/smell like/taste like/look



17. get? over 克服;恢复;原谅

18. open up 打开/展开/开发/揭露

19. care for 照料;照顾;意愿;计较

20. have a party for sb. 为某人举行一次聚会

21. end-of-year exam=final exam 期末考试


转述他人话语:What did sb. say? He said I ?She said she?They said?

1. 许老师告诉我徐梦蝶会说二种语言。Mr. Xu told me that XuMengdie could speak three languages.

2. 许老师说地球绕着太阳转。Mr. Xu said (that)the earth turns around the sun.

3. 许老师告诉我他将去北京。She told me he would go to Beijing the next day.

4. 许老师说欧洋正在做作业Mr. Xu said OuYang was doing his homework at that time.

5. 许老师说王硕研勤奋。Mr. Xu said Wang Shuoyan was hard-working.

6. 在英语上,与听相比,我更擅长于读。In English, I’m better at reading than listening.

7. 情况怎样? How’s it going?

8. 她不想再当我最好的朋友了。She didn’t want to be my best friend anymore.




1. 时态的变化:直接引语变为间接引语时,通常受转述动词said,asked等的影响而使用过去化的时态,即把原来的时态向过去推,也就是一般现在时变 一般过去时,现在进行时变为过去进行时等。 例如:

Tom said to me,“My brother is doing his homework.”

→Tom said to me that his brother was doing his homework.

2. 人称代词、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等等的变化;根据意义进行相应的变化。 如:

She asked Jack,“Where have you been?” →She asked Jack where he had been.

He said,“These books are mine.” →He said that those books were his.


1.陈述句的间接引语:陈述句由直接引语变间接引语,由that引导,可以省略。 “I want the blue one.” he told us. “我想要兰色的。” 他说。

→He told us that he wanted the blue one. 他说他想要兰色的。

She said to me, “You can’t do anything now.” 她对我说:“此刻你无法做任何事情。”

→She told me that I couldn’t do anything then. 她对我说那时我无法做任何事。

2. 疑问句的间接引语

直接引语如果是疑问句,变成间接引语后,叫做间接疑问句。间接疑问句为陈述语序,句末用句号,动词时态等的变化与间接陈述句相同。引述动词常用ask, wonder, want to know等间接疑问句一般有三种:

(1).一般疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,由whether或if 引导。 如: “Has he ever worked in Shanghai?”Jim asked. “他在上海工作过吗?”吉姆问。

→Jim asked whether/if he had ever worked in Shanghai.吉姆问他是否在上海工作过。

“Can you tell me the way to the hospital?” The old man asked. 那个老人问:“你能告诉我去医院的路吗?

→The old man asked whether I could tell him the way to the hospital. 那老人问我是否能告诉他去医院路。

(2).特殊疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,仍由原来的疑问词引导。 如: “Which room do you live in?” He asked. “ 你住哪个房间?”他问我。

→He asked me which room I lived in. 他问我住哪个房间。 “What do you think of the film?” She asked. 她问“你怎么看这部电影?”

→She asked her friend what she thought of the film . 她问她朋友怎么看这部电影。

(3).选择疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,由whether/if ?or引导。 如: “Is it your bike or Tom’s? Mum asked. 妈妈问:“这是你的自行车还是汤姆的?”

→Mum asked whether/if it was my bike or Tom’s.妈妈问这是我的自行车还是汤姆的。

“Does your sister like blue dresses or green ones?” Kate asked. “你妹妹喜欢兰色的裙子还是绿色的?”凯特问。

→Kate asked whether/if my sister liked blue dresses or green ones. 凯特问我妹妹喜欢兰色裙子还是绿色的。

3. 祈使句的间接引语当祈使句变为间接引语时,间接祈使句的引述动词常用tell,ask,order,beg,request,order等,而把直接祈使句变成带to的不定式短语。 如:

Jack said, “Please come to my house tomorrow,

Mary. ” 杰克说:“玛丽,明天请到我家来。”

→Jack asked Mary to go to his house the next day. 杰克请玛丽第二天到他家去。

The teacher said to the students, ”Stop talking.” 老


→The teacher told the students to stop talking. 老师让学生们不要说话了。

“Don’t touch anything.” He

said. “不要碰任何东西。”他说。 →He told us not to touch

anything. 他对我们说不要碰任何东西。

4. 动词时态和代词等的变动

(1). 某些代词,限定词,表示时间或地点的副词和个别动词在间接引语中的变化规则:

直接引语 间接引语

today that day

now then, at that moment

yesterday the day before

the day before yesterday two days before

tomorrow the next day / the following day

the day after tomorrow two days after, / in two days next week/ month etc the next week/month etc last week/ month etc the week / month etc. before here there

this that

these those

come go

bring take

(2). 如果引述动词为现在时形式,则间接引语中的动词时态,代词,限定词和表示时间或地点的副词不用变化。而如果引述动词是过去时,以上内容就要有相应变化。变化情况如下: 现在时间推移到过去的时间(注意:如果直接引语是表示客观规律的,那么时态仍然用一般现在时

一般现在时 →一般过去时;

现在进行时 →过去进行时;

一般将来时 →过去将来时;

现在完成时 →过去完成时;

Unit 5 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!

1. at the party 在晚会上

2. ask sb. to do sth. 请某人做某事

3. stay at home 呆在家

4. half the class/students 一半学生

5. get injured 受伤

6. have a great time 玩得高兴

7. take ?away 运走,取走

8. all the time=always 一直,始终

9. make a living 谋生

10. in order to do? 为了做某事

11. have a party 举行聚会

12. go to college 上大学

13. be famous for? 因??而著称

14. make money 挣钱

15. in fact 事实上

16. laugh at? 嘲笑

17. too much? 太多(修饰不可数名词)

18. too many? 太多(修饰可数名词复数)

19. much too+形容词/副词 太??

20. get exercise 锻炼


21. travel around the world 周游世界

22. work hard 努力工作

23. wear jeans 穿牛仔裤

24. let ... in 允许??进入,嵌入

25. get an education 获得教育

26. take? away 拿开,拿走


1. If you do, you’ll? 2. I’m going to ? 3. You should?

4. Don’t you want to ?? 5. Don’t you think ?.?

①如果许老师去参加晚会,我们将会玩得非常高兴。 If Mr. Xu go to the party, we’ll have a great time.

②如果你穿牛仔裤去晚会,许老师将不会让你进入。If you wear jeans to the party, Mr. Xu won’t let you in.


if 引导的条件状语从句。If是连词,所连接的句子 叫条件状语 从句,表示假设或条件,意思是 “ 如果?的话”,用法如下:

1、表示假设,表示将会发生和可能发生的事,或进行提醒警告。句子结构如下: If +句子(一般现在时),+主句(主语will/may/can) +动词)

a. If you finish your homework , you can go out and play. b. If I have enough money next year , I will go to travel .

2. 表示真实条件、客观真理、自然现象、定理定义 . 民间谚语等,句型是: If + 句子 (一般现在时 ),+ 主句 ( 一般现在时).

例: If you study hard ,you are sure to succeed .

If you put ice in a warm place ,it turns into water . If a glass falls on the floor, it usually breaks If you cook a banana, it becomes very soft .

If a plant don’t get enough light ,it grows very tall and thin.

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?

1. how long 多长时间了? start class/skating/to skate 开始上课/滑冰

= begin class/skating/to skate

2. a skating marathon 一场滑冰马拉松 would like = ’d like 愿意、想要

3. run out of 跑完 by the way 顺便问一下

4. more than = over 超过 ever since 自从

5. raise money for charity 筹集善款 a pair of 一双

6. five and a half years 五年半 the whole five hours 整整五个小时

7. in Russian style 以俄罗斯的风格

8. raise money 筹钱 2. collect stamps 集邮

9. 3. run out of? 用尽 4. by the way 顺便说一下

10. 5. on the way to.. 在?的路上 6. be interested in 对?感兴趣

11. 7. more than=over 超过 8. fly kites 放风筝

12. 9. three and a half years =three years and a half 三年半

13. 10. a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans

14. 一双滑冰鞋/一双鞋/一副眼镜/一条裤子/牛仔裤

15. How much is a pair of skates / shoes /glasses / trousers /jeans? = How much does a(this) pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans cost?

16. How much are the skates / shoes / glasses / trousers / jeans? = How much do the skates / shoes / glasses / trousers / jeans cost? 本单元目标句型:

1. How long have you been skating? 你滑冰有多长时间了?

2. I’ve been skating since nine o’clock./since I was four years old. 我从九点一直滑到现在/我从四岁一直滑到现在。

3. I’ve been skating for five hours. 我一直滑了五小时。

4. The more I learn about Chinese history, the more I enjoy living in China.

我对中国的历史了解得越多,我就越喜欢住在中国。 1. Every hour they skate, each student raises ten yuan for charity.每位学生每溜冰一个小时就能为慈善事业筹到10元钱。

every 和each 都表示“每一个”,但every是指整体,each是指每个个体。 2. Next is Sam. 紧接着的是Sam。

3. Because we’ve run out of room to store them. 因为我们已经没地方存放他们了。

4. By the way, what’s your hobby? 顺便问一下,你有什么爱好? 5. I am interested in the job as a writer. 我对这份作家的工作感兴趣。 6. In fact, the first Jews probably came to Kaifeng more than a thousand years ago.事实上,首批犹太人可能是在一千多年前来到开封的。 7. The more I learn about Chinese history, the more I enjoy living in China. 我对中国历史了解的越多,我就越喜欢在中国生活。 8. Although I live quite far from Beijing, ?. 虽然我住得离北京很远。


1. 现在完成进行时

(1) 结构:have/has + been + V.ing.

(2) 用法:表示从过去某一时刻开始,一直延续到现在且很有可能持续下去;

I’ve been doing the cleaning all this morning.


You’re late again! I’ve been waiting here for an hour. 表示一个一直到说话时为止的一段时间内一再重复的动作。 I have been calling you several times in two days.

(3) 时间状语:all the time/this morning, since morning, all night, this week/month, recently 等

(3) 对现在完成进行时的时间状语进行提问时使用how long。 How long have you been skating?

I’ve been skating since I was seven years old.

for 5 years old.

2. 现在完成进行时与现在完成时区别:

现在完成进行时侧重于动作的持续、运行;而现在完成时强调动作的完成。如: I have written a letter to my father.(到现在信已写完)我给我的父亲写了一封信。

I have been writing a letter to my father.(一直在写,现在还在写)我一直在给我的父亲写信。

再看:I wrote a letter to my father. 我给我的父亲写过一封信。 Unit 7

Useful Expression

1. turn down/up 调小/大(音量) turn on/off 打开/关上(电源开关)

2. not at all 一点也不 right away = in a minute 立刻、马上

3. do/wash the dish 洗碗 get out of 出来

4. put on 穿上(动作) wear 穿着(状态)

5. feed the dog 喂狗 keep the dog 养狗

6. return ? to ? 把?还给? help sb. do/with sth. 帮助某人做某事

7. make posters 制作海报 a terrible haircut 一个糟糕的发型

8. have a long telephone conversation 褒电话粥

9. wait in line 排队 cut in line 插队

10. follow sb. around 跟在某人周围

11. get mad = get annoy = get angry 感到恼火

12. all the time 一直 complain about 抱怨?

13. be polite 有礼貌 try (not) to do sth. 尽力(不去)做某事

14. must be 一定是 keep down 保持音量

15. seem like 看上去像? be allowed 被允许

16. even if/though 尽管、即使 take care = be careful 小心

17. in public places 在公众场合 in public 公开地,当众地

18. put out 熄灭 drop litter 乱丢垃圾

19. pick up 捡起、拾起Would you mind turning down the music? 1. turn? down/turn? up关小声/调大声音 吗 turn? on/ turn ?off 打开/关闭

20. move the bike 移动自行车 in a minute/right away/in no time 立刻,马上

21. be late for school/class=arrive late for school 上学/上课迟到

22. wait in line=stand in line 排队等候 cut in line=jump a queue 插队

23. get mad/annoyed 变得生气 happen to sb 发生在?身上

24. half an hour 半小时 at first 首先

25. at last=in the end=finally 最后 allow sb.(not) to do sth. 允许某人(不)做某事

26. be allowed to do /not to do sth. 某人不被允许某人做/不做某事

27. in public 当众地;公开地;公然地 .in public places 在公共场所

28. break the rule 不遵守规则 . pick? up 捡起

29. . put ?out 熄灭 drop litter 扔垃圾

30. . keep the voice down 控制声音


1. Would you mind cleaning the yard? 你介意打扫院子吗?

2. Not at all. I’ll do it right away. 一点也不. 我马上就扫.

3. Would you mind not playing baseball here. 你介意不要在这打棒球吗?

4. Sorry, we’ll go and play in the park. 对不起,我们到公园去打.

5. Could you (please) make dinner? 请做晚饭好吗?

6.Tha’s no problem 没问题.

7. Could you (please) not feed the dog?=Would you mind not feeding the dog?= Would you (please) not feed the dog?=Please don’t feed the dog, will you?请不要喂狗好吗?

使用-ing分词的几种情况 1.在进行时态中。He is watching TV in the room . They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.

2.在there be结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.

3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:We have fun learning English this term. They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.

4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me. Are you good at playing basketball?

What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样? I am interested in playing football.

5.在以下结构中 1. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事;

2. finish doing sth; 完成做某事; 3.feel like doing sth 想要做某事;

4. stop doing sth 停止做某事(原来的事) 5.forget doing sth 忘记做过某事

6. go on doing sth 继续做某事(原来的事);7.remember doing sth 记得做过某事

8. like doing sth 喜欢做某事; 9.find /see/hear/watch sb doing发现/看到/听到/观看某人做

10. try doing sth 试图做某事; 11. need doing sth 需要做某事;

12. prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事; 13.mind doing sth 介意做某事;

14. miss doing sth 错过做某事; 15.practice doing sth 练习做某事;

16. be busy doing sth 忙于做某事;17.can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事;

18.waste time/money doing 浪费时间/钱做; 19.keep sb.doing 让?始终/一直做?

20. stop sb.(from)doing 阻止某人做某事

21. prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A喜欢做A更喜欢做B

22. “do some +doing”短语 如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking

23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等)如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating /go hunting (打猎)

.注意动词的过去分词的常见搭配: I feel(am/was) excited/ surprised/ amazed /interested /tired/pleased/worried/lost

Keep?closed/ a boy called/named Tom

Key sentences

1. Would you mind turning down the music? 你介不介意把音乐声关小呢?

Would you mind (not) doing sth.? 你介不介意做(不做)??

= Would/Could you please (not) do sth.? 请你做(不做)?好吗?

2. I won’t be long. 我一会就好。

3. The pen you bought didn’t work. 你买的那把笔坏了。

= The pen you bought wasn’t broken.

= There was something wrong with the pen you bought.

= Something was wrong with the pen you bought.

4. Here you are. 给你。

Here’s what they said. 以下是他们所说的。

5. I can’t stand it. 我无法忍受。

I can’t stand to see good food to waste. 我无法忍受看着好食物被浪费。

6. Could you please not follow me around? 请你不要跟着我四周好吗? 7. This happens to me all the time in the school library. 在学校图书馆我一直碰上这种事。

1. Would you mind keeping your voice down? 你介不介意把音量放小呢? voice: 名词,指说话和唱歌地嗓音; talk in a loud voice 高声交谈 noise: 名词,指人们不愿听到地噪音;

sound: 名词,泛指自然界一切可以听到的声音。 2. For example, dropping litter is almost never allowed. 例如,乱丢垃圾是不被允许的。

be allowed 被允许。 “be + 动词的过去分词”是被动语态

Unit 8

Useful Expression

1. get her a scarf 送她一条围巾

2. compare with/to sth. ?与?相比

3. not creative enough 不够有创意

4. easy/difficult to take care of 容易/难养活

5. these days 目前,现在

6. pot-bellied pig 大肚猪

7. spend with her 和她呆在一起

8. not ? at all 根本不

9. fall asleep 入睡(动作)

be asleep 入睡(状态)

10. half way = halfway 半道、中途

11. different kinds of 不同种类

12. pay for 付款

13. from across China = from all over China 来自全中国

14. as ? as 与?一样?

not as/so?as? 与?比不如其?

15. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

16. hear of 听说

17. make progress 取得进步

18. be able to = can 能够

19. have fun with sth. 做?有乐趣


1. What should I get my mom for her birthday?


2. Why don’t you(Why not )buy /What/How about buying a scarf? 为什么不买条围巾呢?

3. What’s the best gift you have ever received?


1. What a lucky guy!

2. 多幸运的家伙!



★希望做某事hope to do sth.

★决定做某事decide to do sth

★同意做某事agree to do sth.

★需要某人做某事need to do sth.

★使用某物做某事use sth to do sth

★迫不及待做某事can’t wait to do

★准备做某事get/be ready to do

★尽力/努力做某事try to do sth

★计划做某事plan to do sth.

★不得不have to do

★轮流做某事take one’s turns to do sth.

★拒绝做某事refuse to do sth.

★告诉某人做某事tell sb. to do sth.

★请某人做某事ask sb. to do sth.

★希望某人做某事wish sb. to do sth.

★想要某人做某事want /would like sb. to do sth.

★同意某人做某事agree sb. to do sth.

★教某人做某事teach sb. to do sth.

★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth.

★帮助某人做某事help sb. to do sth/help sb.do

★encourage sb to do鼓励某人做

★It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事 例句:It your turn to clean the blackboard.

★It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了

例句:It’s time for me to go home.

★It’s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是?? 例句: It is easy for me to learn it well.

It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so. ★ It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某时间

例句: 1.It takes me an hour to get to school by bike. 2.It took me an hour to watch TV last night. 3.It will take her two weeks to finish the work.

★too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太?..而不能

例: He was to angry to say a word.

★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是? I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well.

★序数词+to do 第?..个做某事例句:Who is the first to get there? ★我不知/忘记了怎么办。I didn't know/forgot what to do.


例句:Don’t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room ★be+adj+to do sth 例句:I am very sorry to hear that. I am ready to help others. I am happy / pleased / glad to meet you.

顺口溜:本领最多不定式,主表定补宾和状;样样成分都能干,只有谓语它不敢;大家千万要小心,有时它把句型改;作主语时用it,自己在后把身藏;七个感官三使役,宾补要把to甩开;疑问词后接上它,宾语从句可充当;逻辑主语不定式,不定式前加for sb.;to前not是否定,各种用法区别开。 以下是不带to的动词不定式(即动词原形)的常见用法

★ let sb. do sth让某人做某事

★ make do sth使得某人做某事

★ hear do sth do sth听见某人做某事

★see do sth do sth看见某人做某事

★ why not 或why don’t you +动原?为什么不.?Why not/Why don’t you take a walk?

★ 某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事

★ 情态动词can/may /must /should+ 动词原形(包括情态动词的否定形式+动词原形)

★ 助动词do/does/did/will/would在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即don’t /doesn’t /didn’t /will not /would not+ 动词原形 ★ be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算”做某事)

Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?

hear of 听说 hear from 收到?的消息/来信 take a ride 兜风 end up 结束

argue with sb. 与某人争吵 roller coaster 过山车

a flight attendant 一个机组乘务员 in fact 事实上

all over the world 全世界 think about 考虑

think of 想起;认为 rather than 宁可;而不是

neither?nor? 既不?也不? t hree quarters of 四分之三 for example 举个例子 such as 例如

on the one hand,? on the other hand,?. 一方面?,另一方面? be asleep 睡着(状态)fall asleep 睡着(动作)

take a ride 兜风 end up 结束

take a holiday/vacation 度假 all year round 全年

such as 例如 during the daytime 在白天 a zoo called/named?一个叫做??的动物园

wake up 醒来 wake somebody up 唤醒/叫醒某人 have a great/nice/wonderful/great time 玩得高兴

a wonderful place to take a holiday/to visit 一个度假/游览的好地方

an English-speaking country 一个讲英语的国家be asleep=fall asleep 睡着

Three quarters of the population are Chinese


What’s the population of China?

中国的人口是多少?(不用how much提问)

The population of China is 1.3 billion


Key sentences

1. Have you ever been to a water park? 你曾经去过水上公园吗? No, I haven’t. 不,我没有。 Me neither. = Neither/Nor have I. 我也没有。

这是一个否定的省略句。它的结构是“ Neither/Nor + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”。而用在肯定的省略句中时要使用so,它的结构是“So+ be动词/助动词/情态动词”。如:

-- I paid 20 yuan for this book.

-- So did I. 2. The roller coaster is themed with Disney characters. 过山车是以迪斯尼的人物为主题的。

3. The boats take different routes, but they all end up in the same place.


4. It’s just so much fun in Disneyland.

迪斯尼乐园里有如此之多的乐趣。 5. It was because I could speak English that I got the job. 只是因为我能说英语,我得到了这份工作。 6. More than three quarters of the population are Chinese. 超过四分之三的人是中国人。

7. This is because the island is so close to the equator. So you can choose to go whenever you like. 就因为这个岛是如此接近赤道。所以只要你愿意你任何时候都可以去。


1. 现在完成时

(1) 用法:动作到现在已经完成或刚刚完成;



(2) 基本结构:have/has + V.过去分词

(3) 时间状语:already, yet, just, ever, never, once, twice, so far, ever since, for a long time, for + 一段时间, since + 过去的时间点/过去时的从句,等。

(4) 注意事项:

A. 现在完成时是现在的时态,重点表达目前的结果和状态;

B. 表示动作从过去开始持续到现在用for + 时间段, since +点时间连用。对for与since短语提问用how long。

C. 现在完成时从不与when引起的疑问句联用。

D. have been to:去过?

have gone to:去了?

have been in:呆在?

E. 短暂性动词变为延续性动词:

buy --- have had borrow --- have kept

join --- have been in / have been a member of

become --- have been a member make friends --- have been friends die --- have been dead get to know --- have known

come/go to do --- have done catch a cold --- have had a cold begin/start to do --- have done

begin / start --- have been on

enter / come / arrive / get to / reach --- have been in/at go / leave for / set off / set out --- have been away from

2. since,for在现在完成(进行)时中的用法差异

(1) since 后接过去的时间点或一般过去时的从句。

He has been an English teacher since three years ago.

We have known each other since we came to study in this university.

(2) for后接时间段

He has lived here for three years.

3. 现在完成时与一般过去时的区别

现在完成时表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响和结果,强调的是现在的情况,所以它不能和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:yesterday, last night, three weeks ago, in 1990等。


He has lived here since 1992. 1992年以来他一直住在这里。(他现在还住在这里)

He lived here in 1992. 1992年他住在这里。(并不涉及他现在是否住在这里)

Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?

1. take a ride 兜风 2. end up 结束

3. take a holiday/vacation 度假 4. all year round 全年

5. such as 例如 6. during the daytime 在白天

7. a zoo called/named?一个叫做??的动物园

8. wake up 醒来 9. wake somebody up 唤醒/叫醒某人

10. have a great/nice/wonderful/great time 玩得高兴

11. a wonderful place to take a holiday/to visit 一个度假/游览的好地方

12. an English-speaking country 一个讲英语的国家 13. be asleep=fall asleep 睡着

14. Three quarters of the population are Chinese.四分之三的人口是中国人(谓语用复数)

15. What’s the population of China? 中国的人口是多少?(不用how much提问)

16. The population of China is 1.3 billion 中国的人口是13亿。(谓动词用单形式)

Key sentences

1. Why don’t you get her a scarf? 为什么不给她买条围巾呢? get sb. sth. for ? 为了? 给某人买某物

= get sth. to sb. for?

注意:当sth. 是代词时,不可使用第二种用法。

2. That’s not interesting enough. 那不够有趣。

enough有两种词性:当它用来修饰形容词、副词时,作为副词,应放在所修饰的词之后,如上句;当它用来修饰名词时,应放在名词之后,如:I don’t have enough time to spend with her.

3. What’s the best gift (that) Joe has ever received? Joe曾经受到的最好的礼物


4. What a lucky guy! 幸运的家伙! 5. I think a dog is a good pet for a 6-year-old child. 我认为对于一个六岁的孩子一条狗会是一个好礼物。 6. Dogs are too difficult to take care of. 狗很难照料。

7. The trendiest kind of pet these days is the pot-bellied pig. 近来最流行的宠物是大腹便便的猪。 8. Life with a pig isn’t always perfect. 和一只猪在一起生活并不总是完美的。

9. Now she’s too big to sleep in the house. 现在她太大了不能睡在屋子里。

too? to ?:太?以致于不能?

= so? that 主语 can’t ?.

e.g. He is too young to go to school.

= He is so young that he can’t go to school.

= He isn’t old enough to go to school.

= He is very young and he can’t go to school.

注意:too?to?是一个简单句,而so?that?是一个复合句。并且当复合句中的主句主语和从句主语不同时,在句型中要用for sb.来表述。如:

The digital camera is so expensive that we can’t buy it.

= The digital camera is too expensive for us to buy.

= The digital camera isn’t cheap enough for us to buy.

= The digital camera is very expensive and we can’t buy it. 10. My shoes were really cheap. They only cost $5. 我的鞋子真的很便宜。只要花5美圆。




spend :花费(时间、金钱)主语为人。


1. Why don’t you get her a scarf?

= Why not get her a scarf? 为什么不给她买条围巾呢?

How/What about doing sth.? 做?怎么样呢?

How/What about + (a/an) + n.? ?怎么样呢?

2. Would you mind (not) doing sth.? 你介不介意做(不做)??

= Would/Could you please (not) do sth.? 请你做(不做)?好吗?



1.现在完成时态表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。本时态标志词: already (“已经”,用于肯定句中,放在have /has之后或句尾); yet (“仍然”“还”,用于疑问句或否定句的句尾) just(“刚刚”,放在have /has之后); before(“以前”,放在句尾);ever(“曾经”,放在have /has之后) never (“从没有”,在have /has之后)例句:1.Our teacher has just left. 2.We have studied English already. 3.I have not finished the homework yet. 4.He has never been to Beijing before.


for: +一段时间 for a year for two weeks for three years

Since +过去的某一时刻, since nine since last week

Since +一般过去时态的时间状语从句 since you came ; since you got home. 注意:结束性动词不能和表示一段时间的状语连用,但是它们可以转换成相应的延续性动词.


buy– have;catch(get) a cold –have a cold;borrow—keep;become—be;put on-- wear


join the army – be a soldier;join the Party –be a Party member;go to school– be a student


die—be dead;finish – be over;begin—be on;leave—be away ; fall sleep – be asleep close – be closed come to/ go to/arrive at(in)+某地—be in(at) +某地

4.转换成 be+介词短语go to school– be in school ; get up_ be up; 现在完成时态常见标志词

1. already(已经), just(刚刚), never(从未/从没有), ever(曾经), yet(仍然/还), before(以前(句尾时) 2. since+点时刻或从句; for+段时间; how long(疑问句中用来提问since/for短语的)3. so far;till now;by now(到目前为止;迄今)4. recently近来 in the past/last+段时间 在过去的几年中 5. once(一次),twice, three(four?) times 6. It is the+最高级+n.+ (that) sb.have ever done 例:What’s the best gift you have ever received? 你曾收到的最好礼物是什么?


1. Have you ever been to an amusement park?

你曾经去过游乐园吗?Yes, I have./ No, I haven’t.

2. I have never been there. Me neither=Neither have I.


3. Where is he? He has gone to the Beijing.

4. How long has he been in Beijing?


5. I’ve never been to an aquarium.


1. I have been a student here for a year.

2. 我成为这的学生有一年了. (不能用become)

=I became a student here a year ago.

7. He has been dead for two years.(不能用die)=he died two years ago.

8. I have been a teacher since ten years ago(for ten years.) (不能用become)

9.I have just/ever/already/never seen the movie. Have you ever heard of the man before?

Unit 10

Useful Expression

1. feel like doing=want to do sth.想做某事

2. like to do sth./like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

3. would like to do=want to do想要做某事

4. like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

5. feel like sth. 觉得像?.

6. have a hard/difficult time doing sth


7. have problem doing sth 做某事有困难

8. have fun doing sth 乐于做某事

9. need to do sth. 需要做某事(主语是人,强调主动)

10. need doing=need to be done 需要被?(主语是物,强调被动) 例如:I need to do my homework The bike needs mending/reparing

11. thank-you note 感谢信

12. look through 浏览

13. get along/ on well 相处得好

14. at least 至少

15. at most 最多

16. be careful =look out 当心,小心

17. be careful to do/not to do sth. 小心做/不做某事

18. cross a street =go across a street 过街(穿过表面)

19. go through 穿过(空间/房间/森林等)

20. go past 经过/路过

21. come along 跟着来

22. say in a low/loud voice 小声地/大声地说

23. something cost+钱= something is worth+钱 某物值多少钱

24. a high/low temperature 高/低温

25. the price is high/low 价格高/低

26. do/try one’s best to do sth. 努力/尽力做某事

1. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事

forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事

2. look through 浏览

3. cross a busy street = go/walk across a busy street 穿过一条繁忙的街道

4. think of 想起、认为

5. come along 出现,发生

6. get along/on ? with sb. 与某人相处的?

7. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好

8. have a birthday party 举办一个生日聚会

9. on Saturday night 在周六的晚上

10. at least 至少

11. at the school dining room 在学校的餐厅里

Key sentences 1. I hope so. 我希望如此。

so为代词,用来表示赞同前面所提及的内容。除了hope以外,还有think,believe,suppose,be afraid等,可与so连用。如:

Do you think it will rain this afternoon? 你认为下午会下雨吗?

I think/believe/suppose/hope/am afraid so. 我想/相信/猜/希望/恐怕会。 注意:用来表示不赞同前面所提及的内容,有两种不同的方法,不可混用。如: I don’t think so. 我不这么想。

I hope/suppose/am afraid not. 我希望/猜/恐怕不会这样。 2. How much did that shirt cost? 那件衬衫多少钱? 3. I feel like part of the group now. 现在我感觉像是他们中的一员了。

4. Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along in a new place. 有像你这样的一些朋友,使得我在新的地方很快就适应了。





1. It looks like rain, doesn’t it? Yes, it does./No, it doesn’t看起来要下雨了,是吗?

2. He’s really good, isn’t he? 他确实好,是吗?

3. You are new here, aren’t you? 你是新来的, 是吗?

4. You have never been to Beijing, have you? ( never表达否定含义,后面用肯定)

5. She has few friends, does she? (few表达否定含义,后面用肯定)

6. Tom had little work to do, did he? (little表达否定含义,后面用肯定)

7. You can hardly do the work, can you? (hardly表达否定含义,后面用肯定)

8. Let’s go home, shall we?

9. Don’t be late again/Let us go home, will you?(祈使句用will you;但Let’s开头的用shall we)

10. Thank you so much for asking/inviting /having me!非常感谢你邀请我

11. How much does that shirt cost=How much is the shirt?那件衬衣值多少钱?

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